TENTATIVE COURSE OUTLINE Geography Urban Geography Offered by the

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TENTATIVE COURSE OUTLINE Geography Urban Geography Offered by the Powered By Docstoc
					                           TENTATIVE COURSE OUTLINE

                        Geography 3480-001 – Urban Geography
                        Offered by the Department of Geography
                                   Fall Semester 2007

Course taught by: Thomas Kontuly PhD, Professor, Department of Geography,
University of Utah
Office: Orson Spencer Hall 270G. Office hours: Monday & Wednesday 12:45 to
Telephone: 581-3610. Telephone in Department Office: 581-3610. Department FAX
number: 581-8219.
E-mail address: kontuly@geog.utah.edu

        In the developed countries of the world, most people live in cities or settlements
that are defined as urban. Not surprisingly, urban problems and policies occupy a
prominent place on the agenda of public debate and are major concerns of governments.
        The geographer’s viewpoint is a spatial one, focusing on the content of areas,
their interactions and relationships with other areas, and on the behavior and processes
that give rise to the patterns, structure, and organization of space.
        The spatial arrangement of human activity is (for the most part) a reflection of the
aspatial (economic, institutional, political, and social) processes operating in society, such
as those generating employment, unemployment, technological change, etc.
Consequently, the patterns, structures, and organization of urban space are an outcome of
the many and complex processes inherent in the way developed society is organized.

Last day to drop (delete) this class: August 29, 2007
Last day to withdraw from this class: October 19, 2007


Three (3)

Monday, Wednesday & Friday – 11:50AM to 12:40PM -- in Milton Bennion Hall 102

External relationships, functions, and internal spatial organization of cities in the
developed world.

         Cities are products of many forces. They are engines of economic development
and centers of cultural innovation, social transformation, and political change. At the
same time, cities vary in everything from employment opportunities to patterns of land
use, racial composition and social behavior. Understanding theories about cities and the
way they change will help to insure that we maintain a consistency and will give us
greater insight into the way cities work. Our goal is to focus on understanding how to
read the economic, social and political “blueprints” that give shape and character to
various kinds of cities. By “generalizing” in this way, we will have a more immediate
and richer understanding of each new aspect of urbanization that we encounter.
         The objective of this course will be to understand the processes that give rise to
the spatial arrangement of urban phenomena, and will involve four elements: patterns,
philosophical approach, theory, and techniques.
         Urban Geography can be divided into two distinct parts and urban patterns will be
examined in each. First, cities will be studied as elements in an urban system in which
the spatial distribution of cities themselves and the complex patterns of movements,
flows, and linkages that bind them in space will be examined. Material will be devoted to
concepts and generalizations relating to the urbanization process itself; to the evolution of
and changes in the distribution, functional specialization, and economic structure of cities
as centers of manufacturing and service centers; and to the interrelationships that bind
cities into a functional whole. Second, will be a study of the patterns and interactions
within cities or the internal structure of the city. Emphasis will focus on the linkages and
movements that bind different activities within cities, such as transport, the journey to
work and shopping, and the flow of goods and information within cities.
         Several philosophical approaches are used by urban geographers to determine the
way in which analysis is undertaken and the type of evidence that is thought to be
meaningful; this course will survey each approach: positivist, phenomenological,
humanistic, and structural.
         The theoretical base of urban geography involves many different theories
involving economic, social, and political processes, and the course will examine and
evaluate a variety of these theories. Much of the research in Urban Geography in the
1960s and 1970s was couched in a positivist framework and made use of neoclassical
economic theory. Recently, certain researchers rejected the theoretical basis of
neoclassical economics, and returned to the basic tenets of classical political economy
while others derived a general classical political economy framework based on the
writings of Marx.
         Information concerning urban phenomena will be examined using several
techniques. The word spatial implies that one way in which information can be
presented, and interrelationships examined, is with the use of maps. But maps
themselves are perceptions, for they represent choices that were made by individuals for
the presentation of information. Spatially distributed information will also be related to
the various processes thought to give rise to these patterns through the use of quantitative
techniques. These quantitative techniques will range from those of a statistical nature to
more general mathematical modeling.

        Statistical techniques are widely used by urban researchers, so many of the results
discussed were produced by such analyses. For example, recent work uses logit
regression analysis and probability models to examine the relationship between the size
and location of manufacturing plants and the technical structure of production.
Mathematical models are also employed by a large number of urban researchers. These
types of models incorporate basic processes. One of the best known of these is the
classic Lowry model that uses gravity model formulations to link changes in basic
employment and the multiplier effect of these changes to the spatial location of
households and retail employment.

We will generally follow the structure of the text, but supplement it with materials from
the Population Reference Bureau that are available on-line. The following topics will be
covered in the course: urbanization and urban geography, the origins and growth of
cities, the foundation of the American urban system, urban systems in transition, the
foundations of urban form and land use, changing urban forms, the residential
kaleidoscope and the future of urbanization.
We will spend class time in lecture and discussion.

Lecture, discussion, readings, and term paper.

Examinations consisting of a combination of short answers and definitions and longer
essay questions. Written term papers are due on the last day of class.


Attendance is required of all students. The textbook for the course Urbanization: An
Introduction to Urban Geography by Paul L. Knox and Linda McCarthy is also required,
because material, maps, graphs, and tables in the textbook will be consulted during the
course. Exams will be given on September 19, October 31st, and December 5th. Exams
are closed book exams. The term paper is due December 7th.

    Exam I                                                          20% of total grade
    Exam II                                                         25% of total grade
    Exam III                                                        25% of total grade
    Term Paper                                                      30% of total grade

                                                                    100% of total grade

  1) Urbanization: An Introduction to Urban Geography by Paul L. Knox and Linda
     McCarthy [K & McC]. Available for purchase at the University Bookstore.
  2) Additional reading materials available either on E-reserve or online.

There will be three exams and one short paper. The exams will be short answer,
definitions, and essay questions. Study guides will be distributed prior to the exam to help
you focus on specific areas of study. The paper/presentation will be due the last week of
classes. Productive class participation will have a positive impact on "border line" grade
cases. There is no penalty if you don't like to talk in class.


Course outline
August 20 – Introduction to the class. Course requirements.

August 22, 24 & 27– Urbanization and Urban Geography (Chapter 1 in K & McC)

August 29 & 31 – The Origins and Growth of Cities (Chapter 2 in K & McC

September 3 – No class – Labor Day holiday

September 5, 7, 10, & 12 – The Origins and Growth of Cities (continued) (Chapter 2 in K
& McC

September 14 – The Foundations of the American Urban System (Chapter 3 in K &

September 17 – Review & Discussion for EXAM I

September 19 – EXAM I

September 21, 24 & 26 – The Foundations of the American Urban System (continued)
(Chapter 3 in K & McC

September 28 and October 1, 3, & 5 - Urban Systems in Transition (Chapter 4 in K &

October 8 to 12 – Fall Break

October 15 - Urban Systems in Transition (continued) (Chapter 4 in K & McC)

October 17, 19, 22, 24 & 26 - The Foundation of Urban Form and Land Use (Chapter 5
in K & McC).

October 29 – Review & Discussion for EXAM II

October 31 – EXAM II

November 2 & 5 - The Foundation of Urban Form and Land Use (continued) (Chapter 5
in K & McC).

November 7, 9, 12, 14, 16 & 19 - Changing Metropolitan Form (Chapter 6 in K & McC).

November 23 – No class – Holiday

November 26 & 28 – The Residential Kaleidoscope (Chapter 12 in K & McC).

November 30 – Urban Futures (Chapter 18 in K & McC)
- Population Reference Bureau. 2000. An Urbanizing World. By Martin P.
Brockerhoff. Population Reference Bureau Bulletin Vol. 55, No. 3, pp. 1-48. Download
this reading from: http://www.prb.org/Publications/PopulationBulletins.aspx

December 3 - Review & Discussion for EXAM III

December 5 - EXAM III

December 7 – Term Papers Due – Global Urbanization
Urban Futures (Chapter 18 in K & McC)
- Population Reference Bureau. 2000. An Urbanizing World. By Martin P.
Brockerhoff. Population Reference Bureau Bulletin Vol. 55, No. 3, pp. 1-48. Download
this reading from: http://www.prb.org/Publications/PopulationBulletins.aspx

Exams are closed book tests.

Your term paper is to be an Urban Land Use Analysis / Evaluation of one of the suburban
cities or of one of the emerging “edge cities” in Salt Lake valley. The methodology
needed to complete this analysis / evaluation will be discussed in class by the Instructor.
Allocation of the different parts of the city to students will be determined in class with the
Instructor. Your land use analysis will require fieldwork. Papers are to be typed double-
spaced and must be a minimum of 12 pages in length. These 12 pages may include maps
and photos but not references.

“The University of Utah seeks to provide equal access to its programs, services and
activities for people with disabilities. If you will need accommodations in the class,
reasonable prior notice needs to be given to the Center for Disability Services, 162 Union
Building, 581-5020 (V/TDD). CDS will work with you and the instructor to make
arrangements for accommodations.”

Persons with disabilities requiring special accommodations to meet the expectations of
this course are encouraged to bring this to the attention of the instructor as soon as
possible. Written documentation of the disability should be submitted during the first
week of the semester along with the request for special accommodations. To do so,
contact the Center for Disabled Student Services.

All students are expected to maintain professional behavior in the classroom setting,
according to the Student Code, spelled out in the Student Handbook. Students have
specific rights in the classroom as detailed in Article III of the Code. The Code also
specifies proscribed conduct (Article XI) that involves cheating on tests, plagiarism,
and/or collusion, as well as fraud, theft, etc. Students should read the Code carefully and
know they are responsible for the content. According to Faculty Rules and Regulations,
it is the faculty responsibility to enforce responsible classroom behaviors, and I will do
so, beginning with verbal warnings and progressing to dismissal from the class and a
failing grade. Students have the right to appeal such action to the Student Behavior