TENTATIVE COURSE OUTLINE Geography Urban Geography Offered by the
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TENTATIVE COURSE OUTLINE Geography 3480-001 – Urban Geography Offered by the Department of Geography Fall Semester 2007 Course taught by: Thomas Kontuly PhD, Professor, Department of Geography, University of Utah Office: Orson Spencer Hall 270G. Office hours: Monday & Wednesday 12:45 to 2:45PM Telephone: 581-3610. Telephone in Department Office: 581-3610. Department FAX number: 581-8219. E-mail address: email@example.com DESCRIPTION OF THE COURSE In the developed countries of the world, most people live in cities or settlements that are defined as urban. Not surprisingly, urban problems and policies occupy a prominent place on the agenda of public debate and are major concerns of governments. The geographer’s viewpoint is a spatial one, focusing on the content of areas, their interactions and relationships with other areas, and on the behavior and processes that give rise to the patterns, structure, and organization of space. The spatial arrangement of human activity is (for the most part) a reflection of the aspatial (economic, institutional, political, and social) processes operating in society, such as those generating employment, unemployment, technological change, etc. Consequently, the patterns, structures, and organization of urban space are an outcome of the many and complex processes inherent in the way developed society is organized. OTHER INFORMATION Last day to drop (delete) this class: August 29, 2007 Last day to withdraw from this class: October 19, 2007 PRE- OR CO-REQUISITES None CREDIT HOURS Three (3) CLASS MEETING TIMES & LOCATION Monday, Wednesday & Friday – 11:50AM to 12:40PM -- in Milton Bennion Hall 102 COURSE DESCRIPTION External relationships, functions, and internal spatial organization of cities in the developed world. 2 OBJECTIVE OF THE COURSE Cities are products of many forces. They are engines of economic development and centers of cultural innovation, social transformation, and political change. At the same time, cities vary in everything from employment opportunities to patterns of land use, racial composition and social behavior. Understanding theories about cities and the way they change will help to insure that we maintain a consistency and will give us greater insight into the way cities work. Our goal is to focus on understanding how to read the economic, social and political “blueprints” that give shape and character to various kinds of cities. By “generalizing” in this way, we will have a more immediate and richer understanding of each new aspect of urbanization that we encounter. The objective of this course will be to understand the processes that give rise to the spatial arrangement of urban phenomena, and will involve four elements: patterns, philosophical approach, theory, and techniques. Urban Geography can be divided into two distinct parts and urban patterns will be examined in each. First, cities will be studied as elements in an urban system in which the spatial distribution of cities themselves and the complex patterns of movements, flows, and linkages that bind them in space will be examined. Material will be devoted to concepts and generalizations relating to the urbanization process itself; to the evolution of and changes in the distribution, functional specialization, and economic structure of cities as centers of manufacturing and service centers; and to the interrelationships that bind cities into a functional whole. Second, will be a study of the patterns and interactions within cities or the internal structure of the city. Emphasis will focus on the linkages and movements that bind different activities within cities, such as transport, the journey to work and shopping, and the flow of goods and information within cities. Several philosophical approaches are used by urban geographers to determine the way in which analysis is undertaken and the type of evidence that is thought to be meaningful; this course will survey each approach: positivist, phenomenological, humanistic, and structural. The theoretical base of urban geography involves many different theories involving economic, social, and political processes, and the course will examine and evaluate a variety of these theories. Much of the research in Urban Geography in the 1960s and 1970s was couched in a positivist framework and made use of neoclassical economic theory. Recently, certain researchers rejected the theoretical basis of neoclassical economics, and returned to the basic tenets of classical political economy while others derived a general classical political economy framework based on the writings of Marx. Information concerning urban phenomena will be examined using several techniques. The word spatial implies that one way in which information can be presented, and interrelationships examined, is with the use of maps. But maps themselves are perceptions, for they represent choices that were made by individuals for the presentation of information. Spatially distributed information will also be related to the various processes thought to give rise to these patterns through the use of quantitative techniques. These quantitative techniques will range from those of a statistical nature to more general mathematical modeling. 3 Statistical techniques are widely used by urban researchers, so many of the results discussed were produced by such analyses. For example, recent work uses logit regression analysis and probability models to examine the relationship between the size and location of manufacturing plants and the technical structure of production. Mathematical models are also employed by a large number of urban researchers. These types of models incorporate basic processes. One of the best known of these is the classic Lowry model that uses gravity model formulations to link changes in basic employment and the multiplier effect of these changes to the spatial location of households and retail employment. CONTENT OVERVIEW We will generally follow the structure of the text, but supplement it with materials from the Population Reference Bureau that are available on-line. The following topics will be covered in the course: urbanization and urban geography, the origins and growth of cities, the foundation of the American urban system, urban systems in transition, the foundations of urban form and land use, changing urban forms, the residential kaleidoscope and the future of urbanization. We will spend class time in lecture and discussion. TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS Lecture, discussion, readings, and term paper. EVALUATION METHODS Examinations consisting of a combination of short answers and definitions and longer essay questions. Written term papers are due on the last day of class. POLICY STATEMENT Attendance is required of all students. The textbook for the course Urbanization: An Introduction to Urban Geography by Paul L. Knox and Linda McCarthy is also required, because material, maps, graphs, and tables in the textbook will be consulted during the course. Exams will be given on September 19, October 31st, and December 5th. Exams are closed book exams. The term paper is due December 7th. GRADE SCALE Exam I 20% of total grade Exam II 25% of total grade Exam III 25% of total grade Term Paper 30% of total grade ______________ 100% of total grade 4 COURSE MATERIALS: 1) Urbanization: An Introduction to Urban Geography by Paul L. Knox and Linda McCarthy [K & McC]. Available for purchase at the University Bookstore. 2) Additional reading materials available either on E-reserve or online. COURSE REQUIREMENTS: There will be three exams and one short paper. The exams will be short answer, definitions, and essay questions. Study guides will be distributed prior to the exam to help you focus on specific areas of study. The paper/presentation will be due the last week of classes. Productive class participation will have a positive impact on "border line" grade cases. There is no penalty if you don't like to talk in class. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Course outline August 20 – Introduction to the class. Course requirements. August 22, 24 & 27– Urbanization and Urban Geography (Chapter 1 in K & McC) August 29 & 31 – The Origins and Growth of Cities (Chapter 2 in K & McC September 3 – No class – Labor Day holiday September 5, 7, 10, & 12 – The Origins and Growth of Cities (continued) (Chapter 2 in K & McC September 14 – The Foundations of the American Urban System (Chapter 3 in K & McC) September 17 – Review & Discussion for EXAM I September 19 – EXAM I September 21, 24 & 26 – The Foundations of the American Urban System (continued) (Chapter 3 in K & McC September 28 and October 1, 3, & 5 - Urban Systems in Transition (Chapter 4 in K & McC) October 8 to 12 – Fall Break October 15 - Urban Systems in Transition (continued) (Chapter 4 in K & McC) 5 October 17, 19, 22, 24 & 26 - The Foundation of Urban Form and Land Use (Chapter 5 in K & McC). October 29 – Review & Discussion for EXAM II October 31 – EXAM II November 2 & 5 - The Foundation of Urban Form and Land Use (continued) (Chapter 5 in K & McC). November 7, 9, 12, 14, 16 & 19 - Changing Metropolitan Form (Chapter 6 in K & McC). November 23 – No class – Holiday November 26 & 28 – The Residential Kaleidoscope (Chapter 12 in K & McC). November 30 – Urban Futures (Chapter 18 in K & McC) - Population Reference Bureau. 2000. An Urbanizing World. By Martin P. Brockerhoff. Population Reference Bureau Bulletin Vol. 55, No. 3, pp. 1-48. Download this reading from: http://www.prb.org/Publications/PopulationBulletins.aspx December 3 - Review & Discussion for EXAM III December 5 - EXAM III December 7 – Term Papers Due – Global Urbanization Urban Futures (Chapter 18 in K & McC) - Population Reference Bureau. 2000. An Urbanizing World. By Martin P. Brockerhoff. Population Reference Bureau Bulletin Vol. 55, No. 3, pp. 1-48. Download this reading from: http://www.prb.org/Publications/PopulationBulletins.aspx Exams are closed book tests. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- TERM PAPERS Your term paper is to be an Urban Land Use Analysis / Evaluation of one of the suburban cities or of one of the emerging “edge cities” in Salt Lake valley. The methodology needed to complete this analysis / evaluation will be discussed in class by the Instructor. Allocation of the different parts of the city to students will be determined in class with the Instructor. Your land use analysis will require fieldwork. Papers are to be typed double- spaced and must be a minimum of 12 pages in length. These 12 pages may include maps and photos but not references. 6 ADA STATEMENT “The University of Utah seeks to provide equal access to its programs, services and activities for people with disabilities. If you will need accommodations in the class, reasonable prior notice needs to be given to the Center for Disability Services, 162 Union Building, 581-5020 (V/TDD). CDS will work with you and the instructor to make arrangements for accommodations.” Persons with disabilities requiring special accommodations to meet the expectations of this course are encouraged to bring this to the attention of the instructor as soon as possible. Written documentation of the disability should be submitted during the first week of the semester along with the request for special accommodations. To do so, contact the Center for Disabled Student Services. FACULTY RESPONSIBILITIES All students are expected to maintain professional behavior in the classroom setting, according to the Student Code, spelled out in the Student Handbook. Students have specific rights in the classroom as detailed in Article III of the Code. The Code also specifies proscribed conduct (Article XI) that involves cheating on tests, plagiarism, and/or collusion, as well as fraud, theft, etc. Students should read the Code carefully and know they are responsible for the content. According to Faculty Rules and Regulations, it is the faculty responsibility to enforce responsible classroom behaviors, and I will do so, beginning with verbal warnings and progressing to dismissal from the class and a failing grade. Students have the right to appeal such action to the Student Behavior Committee.