Status of the revision of MARPOL Annex VI Capt by kaitlynnbarton


									Status of the revision of

      Capt. Eivind S Vagslid
             Technical Officer
    Sub-Division for Pollution Prevention   1
       Marine Environment Division
IMO – specialised UN agency
• London headquarters
• Secretary-General:
  Admiral Efthimios E. Mitropoulos, Greece
• 168 Member States
• 51 IGOs and 66 NGOs
• Almost 50 Conventions
• 800 Codes, Guidelines,
  Performance Standards, etc
• Annual budget £24+ M
• Secretariat – 320 staff
• 50 Nationalities

      Safe, secure and efficient             2
Marine Environment Protection Committee
  MEPC that consists of all members, shall consider any matter
  within IMO’s scope concerned with the prevention and control
  of marine pollution from ships and in particular:
  •Perform functions such as adoption and amendments of regulations, in
  accordance with the conventions under its competence
  •Consider measures to facilitate enforcement of the same conventions
  •Provide scientific, technical and any other practical information for
  dissemination to states, in particular to developing countries
  •Promote co-operation with regional organizations
  •Consider and take action with respect to any other matters which would
  contribute to the prevention and control of marine pollution
  •Meet at least once a year (every 9 months for the last 20 years)
        Air pollution one of the last major
         ship pollutants to be regulated

Work started at IMO in the 1980’s
Adopted on 26 September 1997

                                Limits and regulations
                               in Annex VI were set at
                                 very modest levels in
                                 order to be accepted
                               Applies to new engines
                                only, manufacturers
                                had no problems to
                                   meet the limits
              MARPOL Annex VI
     Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships
  Protocol of 1997 (Annex VI) entered into force 19 May 2005
   Ratified by 25 States, representing 50 % of the world tonnage
         Only Parties to MARPOL 73/78 may become Parties
   1 June 2007 ratified by 42 States / 72.8 % of the world tonnage
Emission means any release of substances subject to control by this Annex
               from ships into the atmosphere or the sea

Annex VI applies to all
ships and to fixed and
floating drilling rigs
Regulation 13 and the
NOx technical code
applies to diesel engines                                                   5
of 130 kW or more
MARPOL Annex VI – Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships
    It is widely acknowledged that technology
  improvements exist that will enable significant
improvement over existing standards in Annex VI.
Leading manufacturers have confirmed that significant emission
 improvements can be achieved in engines made before 2000
    through valve upgrades and other routine maintenance.

Proposals for more than 70 unified interpretations

 Therefore MEPC 53 decided to review Annex VI
             Terms of Reference for the revision of Annex VI
1   Examine available and developing techniques for reduction of emission
    of air pollutants;
2   Review the relevant technologies and potential for reduction of
    NOx, and recommend future limits of NOx emission;
3   Review technology and the need for reduction of SOx, justify and
    recommend future limits of SOx emission;
4   Review relevant technology and the need and potential for reduction of
    VOC, and recommend future control of VOC emission;
5   With a view to controlling emissions of particulate matter (PM), study
    current emission levels of PM from marine engines, including their size
    distribution, quantity, and recommend actions to be taken for the reduction
    of PM from ships. Since reduction of NOx and SOx emission is expected
    to also reduce PM emission, estimate the level of PM emission reduction
    through this route;
6   Consider reducing NOx and PM limits for existing engines;
7   Consider whether Annex VI emission reductions or limitations should
    be expanded to include diesel engines that use alternative fuels and engine
    systems/power plants other than diesel engines; and
8   Review the texts of Annex VI, NOx Technical Code and related guidelines7
    and recommend necessary amendments;
  Revision of Annex VI, the NOx Code and related Guidelines

           The task is delegated to the Sub-Committee for
               Bulk Liquids and Gases – BLG
                With target completion date of 2007
   BLG 10 held in London 3 – 7 April 2006 started the work
         with more than 30 documents to consider
  A Working Group on Air Pollution was established under the
        chairmanship of Mr. Bryan Wood-Thomas, USA
BLG 10 decided to hold an intersessional meeting in the WG to make
        progress and Norway offered to host the meeting
    BLG-WGAP 1 was held in Oslo 13 – 17 November 2006

       BLG 11 was held in London 16 – 20 April this year    8
 Revision of MARPOL Annex VI – Outcome of BLG 11
   Following a full day’s debate in the Plenary on Monday, the Sub-
Committee agreed on terms of reference for the working group, the most
     disputed issues could only go through after “show of cards”.

                                                  Participation in the
                                                  working group was
                                                  overwhelming with a
                                                  total of 142

 Fuel issues and retrospective NOx regulations for existing
        engines are the most contentious questions
                   Outcome of BLG 11
BLG 11 reached agreement on:
•Introduction of VOC management plans for tankers
•A three tier approach on NOx limits for new engines
•Recording of handling of ozone depleting substances

BLG 11 could not reach agreement on:
•Reduction of SOx and PM emissions and related fuel issues
•NOx and PM limits for existing engines

Work remains on:
•PM definitions and measurement methods
•Implementation and enforcement matters
•The NOx Technical Code and related Guidelines
Revision of MARPOL Annex VI – Outcome of BLG 11
 In response to the large number of different proposals
 that had been tabled on possible options to reduce air
 pollution from ships, in particular SOx and PM, the
 IMO Secretary-General announced his intention to
 seek MEPC’s concurrence with the establishment of a
 cross Government/Industry Scientific Group of
 Experts to conduct a study to address the impact of
 the proposed options, which would provide the
 Committee with the advice it needs to make balanced
 decisions, based on sound criteria and practicable,
 and find achievable and affordable solutions.

 Document already submitted to MEPC 56.

     Cross Government/Industry Scientific Group
The Study will assess:

The number of ships the amended Annex VI will
apply to (distributed by gross tonnage/installed power).
The volume of fuel being consumed by international shipping,
showing the proportion of distillate and residual fuels.
The predicted fuel and emission trends leading to 2020,
based on current MARPOL Annex VI regulations .
Any other relevant trends in the global fuel markets and the
world fleet leading up to 2020.
The consequential impact on CO2 emissions from ships and
      Cross Government/Industry Scientific Group
The Study will evaluate the repercussions for relevant industry
sectors (shipping, petroleum, bunkering, engine and equipment
manufacturers) resulting from application of those options
requiring specific fuels, to ascertaining the feasibility and the
global availability of the fuels in question.
And the implications arising from various proposed
implementation dates (e.g. 2012, 2015, 2018, etc.), taking into
account commercial considerations for different trades and
segments of the shipping industry.

The study will be conducted by a group of selected members,
nominated by Member Governments and industry organizations,
with appropriate expertise on matters within the scope.
The Group will work under a very tight time schedule and deliver
its report by mid December 2007 to avoid any delay and so both
BLG 12 and MEPC 57 can benefit from its work.

MEPC 56 in July 2007 to:

   • extend the target completion date by one year
   • approve another intersessional meeting of BLG-WGAP
   • review the work done so far
   • endorse the establishment of the Cross
   Government/Industry Scientific Group including the
   Group’s composition and ToR. (The Scientific Group’s
   report to be submitted to BLG 12 and MEPC 56)

                       Progress 2
BLG-WGAP 2 (29 October - 2 November 2007)
to continue the revision work, hosted by Germany in Berlin

BLG 12 (4 - 8 February 2008) to finalize the draft amendments
taking into account the report of the Scientific Group

MEPC 57 (31 March – 4 April 2008) to approve the draft
amendments to MARPOL Annex VI

MEPC 58 (6 – 10 October 2008) to adopt the amendments

The amendments to MARPOL Annex VI to enter into force 16
months after adoption in accordance with the tacit acceptance
procedure in Article 16 of the MARPOL Convention, which is on
1 February 2010, or a later date as may be decided by MEPC 58.
          Towards a global regime…

•Shipping being targeted by regional regulators for unilateral
action to solve air pollution problems at local level
•This could lead to a patchwork of differing regulations with
which shipping would find difficult to comply
•IMO needs to demonstrate that it can provide an efficient and
timely global regulatory framework to prevent harmful
emissions from ships anywhere
•To achieve this, Governments and industry need to collaborate

Except for CO2, near zero air emissions are possible even
with current technology but comes at a cost and often with
      a fuel penalty – willingness to invest is required
 Thank you for your kind attention!
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