Amnesty International launches worldwide campaign to stop violence

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					                Newsletter 18, May 2004
       PRACTICE NOTES              IN THIS ISSUE
                                                      Practice Notes
 Amnesty International launches                       Amnesty launches worldwide campaign to
  worldwide campaign to stop                               stop violence against women                   1
   violence against women                             From Behind Closed Doors: A Creative Response
                                                           to Family Violence                            3
Andrew Beswick, Amnesty International Implementation of routine domestic/family violence
Campaign Officer, describes the latest                     screening in Northern Territory hospitals     5
                                                      Beijing +10: Women Taking Action Locally and
campaign to stop violence against
                                                           Globally                                      6
women.                                                Legislation and Policies
During March, Amnesty International unveiled its Women‟s Safety Strategy for South Australia             6
worldwide Stop Violence Against Women                 Family Court of Australia Family Violence Strategy 7
campaign. Amnesty International is calling for        New Publications and Reviews
urgent action by every man and woman to end           Children‟s Perspectives on Domestic Violence       8
violence against women, a human rights disaster Research Findings/ Initiatives
of immense proportions.                               Queensland Domestic and Family Violence
Launching the global campaign in London, Irene             Database                                      9
Khan, Secretary General of Amnesty                    Contract killings in Australia: recent research  10
International, said, „Violence against women is a New Resources
human rights atrocity. Human rights are more          Family Violence Prevention: A resource kit for
than sets of laws and obligations; they embody a           community workers                           10
promise that, in equality, we are all entitled to the Launch of Same Sex Domestic Violence
same rights.                                               (SSDV) campaign resources                   11
Violence against women is the cavernous rift          Separation: a legal resource for women           11
between that promise and the will of                  Aboriginal family violence resources             12
governments, local authorities, religious,            Clearinghouse News                               12
business and community leaders to fulfil it.‟         Tips on navigating the website: Accessing the
In Australia, campaigning began at the                     online searchable databases                 13
WOMADelaide world music festival. Amnesty             Forthcoming Conferences                          15
International‟s Executive Deputy Secretary            Internet Sites and Documents                     16
General, Kate Gilmore, urged audiences to
stamp their hands on a giant banner in support of                 CONTACT US
the campaign, with over five thousand people
taking up the challenge. One of the first            Phone (02) 9385 2990 • TTY (02) 9385 2995
handprints was made by a man, who had waited         Fax (02) 9385 2993
impatiently for the paint to be ready, and wrote     Web
„For my Mum‟. The handprint banner was taken         ISSN: 1443-7236
to Parliament House, Canberra, for International     Published by the Australian Domestic and Family
Women‟s Day, where Kate Gilmore launched             Violence Clearinghouse UNSW Sydney NSW 2052

International‟s global report,
‘It’s in our hands: Stop
Violence Against Women’ and
officially launched the
Australian campaign. The
launch was attended by party
representatives from across
the political spectrum,
including Federal Treasurer
Peter Costello, Deputy
Opposition Leader Jenny
Macklin, Minister of Family
and Community Services Kay
Patterson, Deputy Leader of
the Australian Democrats Lyn
Allison, and Australian
Greens Senator Kerry Nettle.
All joined in supporting the
campaign with handprints on
the Stop Violence Against Women banner.
Amnesty International‟s report „It’s in our hands:     Above: Bruce Baird, Chair of the Amnesty
Stop Violence against Women’ reveals the               International Parliamentary Group, leads
multiple causes of violence from armed conflict        politicians in making handprints in support of
to family violence and harmful traditional             the campaign.
practices that seek to control women‟s sexuality.      Right: Kate Gilmore, Executive Deputy
Violence threatens women in multiple forms             Secretary General, launches the Amnesty
during conflict. From the female child soldiers        International campaign at Parliament House.
who are routinely raped by their own troops and        Photos by Peter West/AUSPIC.
the civilian women and girls who are mutilated,
raped and murdered as a weapon of war, to the
                                                       Amnesty International will engage men as well
escalation in violence in the family as troops
                                                       as women – men must play a crucial part if we
return home – armed conflict is having a
                                                       are to end violence against women.
devastating and desperate impact on women
that goes far beyond the inherent violence of          During the campaign, Amnesty International will:
war.                                                    Call on all people, men and women, to raise
Also highlighting the global problem of violence           their hands to end violence against women.
in the home and community, Amnesty                        Work for a world in which all cultures,
International points to every country in the world         traditions, political and judicial systems
for failing to protect women in their own homes.           regard violence against women as abhorrent.
Even where legislation exists to prevent and
punish such violence, the authorities routinely fail      Demand accountability and fight impunity for
to implement it and in some areas, parallel                violence against women whether in
systems of authority such as community and                 peacetime or during conflict.
religious leaders actually allow it to persist.           Seek the abolition of laws that discriminate
In launching this campaign, Amnesty                        against women, and the enactment and
International paid tribute to women‟s                      effective implementation of laws and other
organisations around the world for the enormous            measures to protect women from violence.
strides that have been made to counter violence           Hold states individually and collectively
and achieve justice and equality over the last few         accountable under international and
decades.                                                   domestic laws to prevent, investigate, punish
„There is much to be optimistic about the future           and redress all acts of violence against
as real solutions to the problem do exist and              women whether in peacetime or during
have been demonstrated to work. We will join               conflict.
with women‟s organizations to lobby for change,‟          Secure effective action to stop violence
said Irene Khan.                                           against women at the community level from
                                                           local government or religious, traditional and
                                                           informal authorities.

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                      Newsletter No. 18                2

                                                       From Behind Closed Doors: A
                                                       Creative Response to Family
                                                    Ruth Turvey, Behind Closed Doors
                                                    Project Coordinator (Grampians’ Family
                                                    Violence Prevention Network)
                                                    announces an exciting community arts
                                                    project featuring the artwork of people
                                                    who have experienced family violence.

                                                   ‘From Behind Closed Doors’ is an exhibition of
                                                   art works addressing the theme of family
                                                   violence. The exhibition will be touring the public
                                                   galleries and outlying towns of the Grampians
                                                   region of Victoria over a period of about a year.
                                                   The artworks on display were created by a
                                                   number of individuals and groups working
                                                   throughout the Grampians region. The exhibition
                                                   is the end point of a project that incorporated
                                                   community development, group-work, individual
                                                   growth and creativity, artistic experimentation
                                                   and innovation to tackle the important issue of
                                                   family violence at an individual and community
                                                   level. The exhibition is designed to inspire the
                                                   public, showcase the creativity of the people
 Campaign to end impunity for combatants          involved, and promote awareness and
    who commit violence against women.             discussion about the difficult and confronting
Kate Gilmore said, „Violence against women may issue of family violence in a creative and positive
be universal but it is not inevitable if we are    way.
ready to stand up, speak out and change our        The official launch, publicity and media coverage
own behaviour and attitudes. It is in our hands to at each exhibition will promote the awareness of
make a difference and to bring human rights        family violence within the general community and
home.‟                                             will also highlight the issue of family violence to
                                                   general health and welfare service providers and
For more information                               key decision-makers throughout the region. The
on Amnesty International‟s campaign go to          exhibitions will clearly communicate the impact of or call 1300 300 920.           family violence on people‟s lives and will assist in
                                                   bringing this issue further into the open,
Copies of the report „It’s in our hands: Stop      especially in rural areas where it is often not
Violence against Women‟ can be downloaded from acknowledged.
the website at:              The exhibition will demonstrate the value of art in
report.asp                                         community awareness-raising and in the healing
                                                   and growth processes of individuals. The
                                                   personal stories that have inspired the works will

   !        Correction
    In the last newsletter the URL address
                                                   show the public the possibilities for positive
                                                   change within people‟s lives as well as depicting
                                                   the negative effects of the use of intimidation and
                                                   violence with our loved ones. Hopefully it will
                                                   encourage those currently perpetrating or
    for Partnerships Against Domestic
                                                   experiencing family violence, and those who may
    violence Phase 1 Meta-evaluation
    reports was misprinted. The URL should

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                 Newsletter No. 18               3

„suffering in silence‟, to think about their situation   created the art works and reflected on the
in a new way, to find new hope, to think about           product and the process. They have put in long
change and to seek assistance.                           hours preparing the works for the exhibitions and
                                                         have participated in an evaluation process. They
Background                                               have been enthusiastic and supportive about
The project was initiated and developed during           using the artworks and ideas for developing
2003-4 by the Grampians Family Violence                  community awareness resources. They have
Prevention Network (FVPN) working in                     also courageously explored and shared their
conjunction with community members. During               journeys through the experience of family
2002-2003 there was a ground swell of interest           violence.
amongst workers in using art to facilitate healing.
Workers discovered that using creative and               Project aims and objectives:
artistic ways of exploring the impacts of, and           The project has two broad objectives:
recovery from, family violence in group settings,         To provide an opportunity for people who
can be really effective in the healing of                   have experienced family violence to come
individuals and communities affected by family              together to process and share their
violence. The effectiveness of this approach has            experiences of family violence using creative
been well documented and supported by national              methods.
and international research.
                                                            To present a high quality, high profile art
The „From Behind Closed Doors‟ project wanted
                                                             exhibition that will help break the silence
to extend the individual and community benefits
                                                             around family violence and generate
of exploring issues creatively, by exhibiting the
                                                             awareness of, and discussion about, family
works publicly in a tour of the region‟s galleries.
                                                             violence within our communities.
To enhance the artistic quality of the artwork
produced, trained artists became an integral part        Within these broad objectives we also had the
of the groups, sharing their skills, artistic flair,     following aims:
and technical know-how. The project has                   To produce an exhibition that honours and
culminated in an inspiring, beautiful and at times            privileges the experiences and artistic
confronting exhibition that shows by example the              achievements of the group members;
transformative and healing power of creative art
                                                            To produce an exhibition that communicates
processes within people‟s lives and within our
                                                             effectively with the general public;
                                                            To reach a broad range of people, who may
Community involvement                                        not normally come into contact with
The community members who have been                          information about family violence, through
involved in the production of the art works have             exhibiting the works at regional art galleries
included professional artists, women, men,                   and other public places;
children and young people who have                          To provide a healing experience for
experienced family violence either as                        participants who have experienced family
perpetrators, victims, witnesses or all three –              violence and who are working towards
from rural, Indigenous, small town and larger                recovery;
centre communities. There have been two
women‟s and one men‟s groups running in                     To provide opportunities for people from
Ballarat, a group in Ararat, Ararat primary school           isolated communities to come together and
children and a Horsham group preparing works                 share their experiences in a creative and
for the Ararat exhibition. Works will be added to            enjoyable way; and
the Horsham and Ballarat exhibition by other                To create a bank of artwork that can be used
groups from throughout the region.                           in the production of culturally relevant
Community participants have been active                      community awareness resources.
partners throughout the project. They have been          The Grampians Family Violence Prevention
involved in the initial discussions about the            Network is an organisation that brings together
project concept and in developing the creative           workers from services in the Grampians region
processes used by each group. They have                  (Western Victoria) who are in some way
                                                         connected with family violence. The geographic

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                      Newsletter No. 18                  4

area covered by the network extends from            In June 2003, the CEO of the Department of
Bachhus Marsh in the East to the South              Health & Community Services endorsed the
Australian border in the West, and includes the     recommendation for routine domestic/family
major rural centres of Ballarat, Ararat, Stawell    violence screening to commence at emergency
and Horsham, and many small rural communities       and antenatal departments in all Northern
in the Central Highlands, Western Plains and        Territory Public Hospitals. This initiative supports
Wimmera areas.                                      a Priority Action for the Northern Territory
                                                    Government‟s Domestic & Aboriginal Family
                                                    Violence Strategy 2003 – 2007, ‘to extend
For further information
                                                    routine screening for domestic and family
Contact Ruth (project co-ordinator)
                                                    violence in all NT Public Hospitals.’
Ph: (03) 5342 8752
                                                   Current Situation
                                                   A Northern Territory-wide Domestic/Family
       Implementation of routine                   Violence Hospital Screening Implementation
        domestic/family violence                   Taskforce was established in July 2003. It met
   screening in Northern Territory monthly by Teleconference between July 2003
                                                   and February 2004 to action the
                      hospitals                    recommendations from the pilot evaluation
                                                   report. It now meets on a quarterly basis. The
Jenny Young, Northern Territory                    Implementation Taskforce has developed a
Domestic/Family Violence Hospital                  revised domestic/family violence screening tool
Screening Implementation Project                   for use in all Northern Territory Public Hospitals.
Manager provides an update on this                 However, prior to screening commencing at each
                                                   hospital site, staff need to be trained in the use of
important health initiative.
                                                   the screening tool and to feel confident and
                                                   supported to screen. A „Train the Trainer‟
Background to this Initiative                      workshop has been developed to train hospital
The rate of hospital admission for assault in the  staff, along with relevant community agencies, in
Northern Territory is the highest in the country1  the use of the domestic/family violence screening
and violence, particularly domestic and family     tool.
violence is the single greatest cause of hospital  A Training Video, titled ‘Hidden Wounds’, as well
admissions for injury among Aboriginal women in
                                                   as a Resource Kit Booklet for Health
the Northern Territory. A review of the literature
                                                   Professionals which includes a list of key NT-
reveals that routine domestic/family violence
                                                   wide and regional domestic/family violence
screening of patients presenting to health
                                                   agency contact numbers, has been developed to
professionals provides a valuable opportunity for
                                      2            use in conjunction with the screening tool. A
early identification and intervention. In response
                                                   Domestic Violence Orders Pamphlet has also
to this, a pilot to introduce a domestic/family
                                                   been produced for use in all Northern Territory
violence screening and referral tool was           Public Hospitals.
conducted at Royal Darwin Hospital Emergency
Department and Katherine Hospital Antenatal        „Train the Trainer‟ Domestic and Family Violence
Department between September and November screening workshops have already been
2002.                                              conducted at Gove District and Tennant Creek
                                                   Hospitals and these sites have commenced
Evaluation of the pilot project showed there was
                                                   screening following launches at each site during
broad support among the patient/client group,
                                                   February and March 2004. A „Train the Trainer‟
hospital staff and community referral agencies
                                                   workshop will be held for staff at Katherine
for domestic/family violence screening, although
                                                   Hospital and external Domestic Violence Referral
some barriers were identified. Significantly, one
                                                   Agencies. Discussions are underway with staff at
in four patients screened throughout the pilot     Alice Springs and Royal Darwin Hospitals to plan
disclosed domestic/family violence and 36.3% of
                                                   the timing of the „Train the Trainer‟ workshops at
those patients screened and disclosing
                                                   these hospital locations. Ongoing monitoring
domestic/family violence asked for immediate       mechanisms and an evaluation framework have
                                                   been set up for this initiative.

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                  Newsletter No. 18               5

                                                            15-16 June 2004 will include the testimonies of
Key contacts for the Implementation Taskforce               some of the women who have shared in the
at each hospital location are:                              women‟s caravans as well as women from
• Cathie J Lane, CNM Gove District Hospital                 Australia and the Pacific Region. The national
                                                            Workshop, following the Court on 17-19 June,
• Sara Potter, CNC, Maternal/Child Health,                  2004, held in Sydney will be a space where
  Katherine Hospital                                        women can discuss and debate the issues
• Dr Jean Collie, Medical Superintendent, Alice             identified in the caravans and the Court. These
  Springs Hospital                                          issues will be analysed in light of the Sex
                                                            Discrimination Act 1984 and other local
• Hannah Moran, DV Counselling Service,
  Tennant Creek                                             initiatives, CEDAW and the Beijing documents.
                                                            The outcome of this process will take these
• Kaye D Pemberton, Hospital Based Constable,               issues forward into the regional process in
  Royal Darwin Hospital                                     Bangkok in September, 2004 and further into
Implementation of Domestic/Family Violence                  Beijing +10 and other relevant human rights
Screening in all Northern Territory Public Hospitals        mechanisms.
is a joint initiative between the Health Services           This is a huge opportunity for you and your
(Women‟s Health Strategy Unit) and Acute Care               community to have your voice on women‟s
Divisions of the NT Department of Health &                  issues that are important to you. Therefore all
Community Services.                                         women‟s groups are encouraged to participate in
For further information on this initiative please           this significant process. You can make a
contact Jenny Young, Implementation Project                 difference by becoming involved!
Manager on: Ph (08) 8999 2805.
                                                            For further information
1 Williams, G., Chaboyer W., and Schulter P., 2002.         about the project please email Carole Shaw at
  Assault-related admissions to hospital in Central
  Australia. Medical Journal of Australia, Vol 177, No 6,
  pp.300 – 304.
2 Northern Territory Department of Health & Community
  Services (Internal Working Document), 2002,                      LEGISLATION AND
  Screening Literature Review.
     Beijing +10: ‘Women Taking                                 Women’s Safety Strategy for
      Action Locally & Globally’                                    South Australia
The Centre for Refugee Research (CRR) and the               Fiona Mort, Executive Officer,
Australian National Committee on Refugee                    Interdepartmental Committee for the
Women (ANCORW) are co-ordinating a series of                Development of the Women’s Safety Strategy
State Caravans, a National Human Rights Court               highlights the recent discussion paper
and a national Workshop. This process will                  launched by the South Australian
inform the sub-regional NGO input into the Asia             Government.
Pacific Regional Beijing +10 process and review             The Minister for the Status of Women (South
the achievements of the Australian Sex                      Australia) launched the discussion paper
Discrimination Act 1984.                                    „Valuing South Australia‟s Women: Towards a
The caravans are to be held around Australia                Women‟s Safety Strategy for South Australia‟ on
throughout March and April, 2004 which will                 Saturday 13 March, prior to the International
focus on giving space to women from grassroots              Women‟s Day March. The paper is a result of
women‟s organisations, community groups and                 consultations conducted with over 300 workers
government organisations to voice their views on            and community members during February 2004.
contemporary issues affecting women. The                    The discussion paper proposes four key
National Women‟s Human Rights Court, Sydney                 directions:
                                                             Prevention of Violence Against Women
                                                               Provision of Services to those who need

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                         Newsletter No. 18             6

                                                     read in conjunction with the discussion paper.
   Protection for women experiencing domestic       This provides an overview of existing statistics
    violence                                         about violence against women within the
                                                     Australian context. Sections 3 and 4 of
   Performance: Monitoring and Evaluation of        „Supporting Documentation‟ describe
    the Women‟s Safety Strategy                      international, national and state based policy and
The paper clearly outlines a set of values and       research initiatives.
principles developed from community                  The final section (Section 5) provides a summary
consultations that provide a basis from which a      of the concerns and opinions drawn from
strategy will be produced.                           consultations conducted earlier in 2004.
Guiding principles                                   The Interdepartmental Committee for the
                                                     Development of the Women‟s Safety Strategy
(a) The safety, health and well-being of women,      (SA) will review and incorporate responses to the
    children and young people subjected to           discussion paper.
    violence must be the first priority in any
                                                     Copies of the discussion paper and supporting
(b) Women have the right to live in a safe           documentation can be downloaded by going to:
    community that promotes and supports their
    health and well-being.                 
(c) Violence against women requires a range of
    responses that recognise diversity across
    and within communities.
(d) The promotion of gender and racial equity
    will underpin all responses to violence              Family Court of Australia Family
    against women.
                                                                Violence Strategy
(e) The prevention of violence against women
                                                     The Family Court of Australia released a new
    requires strong government and community
                                                     Family Violence Strategy on 18 March 2004. The
    leadership and commitment.
                                                     strategy is the result of consultation undertaken
(f) Acts of violence against women that              by the court‟s Family Violence Committee. In
    constitute a criminal offence must be treated    2002, submissions were invited from judges,
    as such.                                         court staff, individuals and organisations working
(g) Responses to violence against Indigenous         with families experiencing family law issues.
    women will also be informed by the principles    Targeted consultations were also undertaken
    detailed in the Rekindling Family                with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
    Relationships – A Framework for Action           communities as well as communities from
(h) Responses to violence against women must         culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds.
    be evidence-based and contribute to              In June 2003, a consultation report reflecting
                                                     issues and concerns voiced through
    continuous quality evaluation, research and
                                                     consultations was once again distributed. A
                                                     series of recommendations were developed as a
Within the discussion paper further detail is        consequence of this process. They are outlined
provided about intended directions for the           in the present strategy. Five key areas of action
proposed four key directions, as identified above.   are highlighted within the document. They
These relate to prevention priorities and            include:
strategies, access to and development of
                                                      Information and Communication
appropriate services, enhancement of the ability
of service systems to work collaboratively,              Safety
improving effectiveness of legal protection and          Training
safety strategies, collection and collation of
essential data, review of legislation and                Resolving the Dispute
evaluation of systemic responses. Authors of the         Making the Decision
discussion paper have also published a
„Supporting Documentation‟ paper, which is
intended to be

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                  Newsletter No. 18              7

The document clearly states that family violence     book, this has resulted in a silencing of children‟s
impacts on all aspects of the court‟s operations     voices – if we are serious about helping children
and this strategy is designed to ensure an           exposed to domestic violence, we must begin by
integrated and consistent response.                  listening to their stories and taking on their ideas
• Principles guiding the strategy include:           for change to existing services and structures.
• Primacy of safety                                  For Mullender et al this does not mean
• Recognition of the impact of family violence       disregarding ethical concerns, rather such
• Recognition of the impact of violence on           concerns are addressed in the design and
children                                             processes of the research itself. „Children’s
• Recognition of the diversity of court clients      Perspectives on Domestic Violence‟ is thus set
• Risk assessment approach                           apart from previous studies because of its strong
• Importance of information provision                commitment to involving children in each step of
• Community partnership approach                     the research process and its rejection of the
• Importance of development programs                 notion that children are merely „passive victims‟
A Steering Committee and an external                 in their surroundings.
Reference Group have been established to             The author‟s first concern is to acquaint the
implement the court‟s strategy and they propose      reader with the specific aims and methodology of
to achieve this within the next two years.           the project. Essentially this involved two related
                                                     phases, the first being a survey of children aged
For more information                                 8-16, aimed at assessing the level of knowledge
and a PDF copy of the strategy see:                  the general population of children have with           respect to domestic violence. The second phase
violence.html                                        embraced a more in-depth exploration of how
                                                     children living with domestic violence make
                                                     sense of their experiences, the coping strategies
                                                     they use, the services and support they perceive
   NEW PUBLICATIONS &                                as available to them and their views on how such
        REVIEWS                                      helping responses might be improved.
                                                     This was done via a series of individual and
                                                     group interviews with children from a range of
       Children’s Perspectives on                    socio-economic, ethnic/racial and geographic
             Domestic Violence                       backgrounds. An important aspect of the
                                                     research methodology also involved addressing
Zoe Craven, Clearinghouse Research                   the ethical issues commonly raised in the context
Assistant reviews ‘Children’s                        of research with children and there is
Perspectives on Domestic Violence’ by considerable discussion of how this was
Audrey Mullender, Gill Hague, Umme
Imam, Liz Kelly, Ellen Malos & Linda                 The findings of the first phase are presented in
                                                     Chapter 3. The survey, which was the first of its
Regan.                                               kind, addressed a range of questions, including:
                                                     what children understand „violence‟, „domestic
It is now widely recognised, both in the literature violence‟ to mean, and how they perceive the
on family violence and in professional and policy distinction between them; the nature and
circles, that children living with domestic violence prevalence of children‟s direct/indirect contact
can and do suffer a range of adverse                 with domestic violence; how children react to
consequences. What is less clear, however, is        parental conflict; what impact children believe
how services can most effectively respond and to domestic violence has on the child witness; and
whom we should look for guidance in developing how children‟s views on violence play out in their
such responses.                                      own peer/romantic relationships.
In the past, children‟s youth and perceived          The results of the survey are described by the
vulnerability has largely excluded them from         authors as „a combination of good and bad news‟
direct involvement in research and policy            in the sense that, while knowledge of
development. According to the authors of this

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                  Newsletter No. 18                8

domestic violence was relatively poor and some        coping skills and the need for domestic violence
attitudes towards violence were quite traditional,    services to move beyond a „colour-blind‟
there was a willingness amongst participants to       approach towards more culturally sensitive and
become more informed and a general consensus          targeted responses are central themes explored
that more should be done to prevent the impact        in this chapter.
of domestic violence on children.                     Family violence can have a devastating impact
In Chapter 4 we are introduced to the children        on the capacity of parents and children to
and mothers who participated in the qualitative       develop strong and healthy relationships. In
phase of the research project. Children were          Chapters 7 and 8, the dynamics of these
asked about their experiences of living with          relationships are explored from the perspective
domestic violence, how they understood their          of both the child and the abused parent and the
situation at the time, how they later made sense      authors identify communication barriers as a key
of it and what services and support networks          factor in the perpetuation of these patterns.
they sought help from. The interviews also            Children‟s attitudes towards the perpetrator of
explored some of the decision making processes        violence and the complications, and safety
involved where children intervened to protect the     issues associated with post-separation contact,
abused parent and what children need when a           are also examined.
decision to leave an abusive partner is made.         The book concludes by summarising the key
With regard to specific support networks,             themes that emerged from the research and
children found other family members,                  identifying some of the implications these
friends/peers and refuges/related organisations       findings have for policy and practice. Whilst the
were the most accessible. On a more general           importance of improving training and awareness
level, safety and a „loss of the familiar‟ emerged    amongst legal, social service, educational and
as priority concerns for children in the leaving      related professionals is emphasised, perhaps the
process.                                              clearest message communicated to the reader is
While the past couple of decades has witnessed        that children are willing and able to talk about
considerable growth in the literature addressing      domestic violence in a research context. Not only
the coping strategies of children living with         did children find it acceptable to be asked
domestic violence, few studies have asked the         questions about their experiences of violence, in
children themselves how they identify and seek        many cases having someone to talk to about
out solutions to their situation. This is the         these issues, and involvement in the formulation
objective in Chapter 5, where children‟s              of strategies for addressing them, was viewed as
responses to interview questions about coping         helpful.
strategies are reported and examined according        Thus while some of the findings of the research
to whether they were immediate or long-term.          project are specific to the UK, its most important
The findings of this study are therefore unique in    determination, that ethical, participatory action
that they are able to confirm and/or deny the         research is possible with young children, is
importance of certain protective factors identified   arguably both relevant and imperative to the
in the literature, such as self esteem and social     Australian context.
support. More importantly, the authors are able
to identify previously overlooked „protective
factors‟ such as having someone listen to and
acknowledge a child‟s situation and involvement
of the child in developing responses and                 FINDINGS/INITIATIVES
The research design included a sub-sample of
children from black and ethnic minority               Queensland Domestic and Family
communities and the unique experiences of this              Violence Database
group and the specific challenges they face in        Since October 2003, the Queensland Centre for
coping with domestic violence are the subject of      Domestic and Family Violence Research has
Chapter 6. Recognition of the tensions between        been producing monthly data collection reports
individualistic and collectivist value systems, the   that can be downloaded from their website
possibility of ethnicity as an important aspect of
children‟s                                            es.html

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                  Newsletter No. 18               9

These monthly reports provide statistical            sexual partner to obtain control over their
information collated from data provided by           partner. Case studies within the report highlight
domestic and family violence prevention and          the dynamics involved in such relationships.
support services funded by the Queensland            The authors suggest that further research is
Government‟s Department of Families. The             required to examine timeframes between the end
project builds upon a growing number of data         of the relationship and the contract killing and the
collection projects occurring in various states      strategies, such as stalking, that may have
within Australia. Whilst the data is only an         occurred beforehand.
indication of the number of people experiencing
                                                     Note that this report is not available online.
domestic violence who access support services
(the tip of the iceberg), it is vital to have
strategies in place that assist in the recognition   For ordering details go to:
of levels of domestic violence and the need for
services to match this demand.                       l
The reports have provided detail about services
provided, gender of client and abuser, cultural
background, type of relationship, reason for
contact with the service, number of incidents
                                                             NEW RESOURCES
reported to police, status of Domestic Violence
Orders, identification of whether client has a          Family Violence Prevention: A
disability and age of children also experiencing         resource kit for community
domestic and family violence.
                                                     The Domestic Violence and Incest Resource
   Contract killings in Australia:                   Centre (DVIRC), based in Melbourne, is currently
     recent research findings                        researching and compiling a resource kit for
                                                     community workers involved in family violence
                                                     prevention activities.
The Australian Institute of Criminology
                                                     The kit, available in July this year, seeks to
has released Research and Public
                                                     highlight the range of diverse activities that raise
Policy series no 53 paper titled Contract awareness, engage communities in taking action
Killings in Australia by Jenny Mouzos                against family violence and change attitudes
and John Venditto.                                   towards violence.
                                                     The Family Violence Prevention Networkers
The dearth of research on contract killings both     located in each region in Victoria implement
in the international and national arena has led      many of these activities. The project consultant
the Australian Institute of Criminology, through its has visited each region to find out about the work
National Homicide Monitoring Program and the         being conducted in local communities. Programs
Major Crime Investigation Branch, South              that work with rural and urban men, women and
Australia Police, to undertake a joint project,      children have been identified. Some national and
examining contract and attempted contract            international case studies of the innovative work
killings in Australia. This report examines the      being done may also be included.
nature of such killings, with specific attention on
documenting its incidence, the level of police       The kit will also include key lessons learnt, tips
intervention in its prevention; differences          for community projects and useful resources.
between successful and attempted contract
killings and the various types of contract killings  For further information
in Australia.                                        Contact DVIRC on (03) 9486 9866 or
Data collected in the course of this research
suggests that „conflict associated with the
“dissolution of a relationship” is the most
common motive of contract killings in Australia‟
(Mouzos & Venditto, 2004, p. 25). Themes
arising from the study highlighted that some
cases involve an obsessional or extreme desire
by one

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                  Newsletter No. 18               10

  Launch of Same Sex Domestic                     campaign was a huge success, as evidenced by
                                                  the uptake of resources and positive feedback
    Violence (SSDV) campaign                      given to the campaign organisers.
            resources                             To progress the issue further, ACON followed
                                                  the launch with a Roundtable and Hypothetical
Jhodi Kirk, Social Work student on                titled „Strategies and Complexities – Working
placement with the Clearinghouse went             with same sex domestic violence‟ to provide a
along to the launch of the SSDV                   practice context to highlight the range of practical
campaign resources and the following              strategies being implemented for working with
is her account of the day.                        same sex domestic violence. Keynote speakers
                                                  talked about the work they have undertaken and
                                                  reflected upon what worked, what didn‟t and
It was a hot and overcast summer‟s day for the
2004 Gay and Lesbian fair day. Despite the heat
and the threat of rain the
park was packed,
everyone was in a festive
mood. When I arrived
friends had already spotted
the AIDS Council of NSW
(ACON) stall for the Same
Sex Domestic Violence
(SSDV) Campaign. The
red metallic love heart
balloons made for a good
landmark amongst the
crowd of 75,000.
Fair day is about
community, catching up
with friends, running into
people you only see once
a year at this event. It‟s a
day of celebration, but also
a day to reflect on issues
that affect the gay and         The launch the of the Same Sex Domestic Violence (SSDV)
lesbian community.              Campaign at the 2004 Gay and Lesbian fair day
The gay and lesbian
community have been reluctant to see that
                                                    For more information
domestic violence affects many within their
community and the campaign strategy is              about the resources or Roundtable/Hypothetical
                                                    contact Brad Gray, Education Manager, ACON on:
designed to bring the issue out into the open.
                                                    ph: (02) 9206 2082 or email:
Awareness of same sex domestic violence was
raised at fair day. The park was a sea of red love
heart stickers emblazoned with such slogans as
„love & respect‟, „unique + equal‟. Over 9,000        Separation: a legal resource for
stickers were handed out amongst the crowd,                             women
with everyone wanting to know all about the
campaign.                                           (5th Edition) February 2004
The official launch was on the main stage at
2:30pm with a good crowd to watch Shauna            Women‟s Legal Service (Qld) has recently been
Jenson open with a powerful version of              updated and expanded their popular publication
„Respect‟. David Buchanan, a long time              Separation: A Legal Resource for Women. The
antiviolence campaigner, and Steven Drew,           section on „Domestic Violence‟ has been
Acting Director of the Crime Prevention Division rewritten to take into account significant recent
of the NSW Attorney General‟s Crime Prevention changes in state legislation, and the section on
Division, spoke about the issue of same sex
domestic violence and the aims of this campaign.
Organisers of the launch believe that the

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse               Newsletter No. 18               11

                            „property‟ has been
                            expanded to provide             CLEARINGHOUSE
                            detailed information
                            on marital debt. The                NEWS
                            booklet is written for
                            individual women                      What’s New???
                            who are separated or
                            considering              The Clearinghouse is all too aware of the
                            separation, as well      stretched resources within the community. To
                            as service providers.    make keeping up-to-date easy, we have added a
                            An extensive             „What‟s New‟ page to the Clearinghouse website.
                            resource guide is        The page can be accessed by clicking on the
                            included in a            „What‟s New‟ button (second from the top) on the
                            separate booklet at      left hand side of the home page or go to:
                            the back of the
                            publication.             /whatsnew.htm
                                                     „What‟s New‟ will provide a summary of the latest
To order this publication contact:                   publications (Issues Paper and Newsletter),
Women‟s Legal Service Inc.                           recent additions to the databases, latest items on
PO Box 119, Annerley, QLD 4103                       the news page and additional online resources.
Ph: 07 3392 0644; Fax: 07 3392 0658                  Take a few moments to review the page and be
Cost: $4.40 per copy with $0.60 for postage and
                                                     informed about recent developments, research
handling per copy.                                   and resources.

                                                                    Survey report
                                                  With our last newsletter, a survey was distributed
      Aboriginal family violence                  inviting your feedback about the services
              resources                           provided by the Clearinghouse. We have been
The Family Violence Unit within the Department pleased with the response so far. In particular,
for Community Development has produced a          many survey respondents gave very positive
range of resources targeted to Indigenous         feedback about our publications and website.
communities with particular emphasis on           Others also made very constructive suggestions
providing information to family and friends who   for improving the website and making the
may be supporting someone who is experiencing publications relevant to their work. A more
family violence.                                  detailed report on findings from the survey will be
The resources include a brochure, poster and      included in the next Clearinghouse newsletter.
wallet card to raise awareness and provide        Thank you once again to all those who
information and advice about support services     participated in the survey.
available in Western Australia. The 2004 wallet
card has been developed to incorporate relevant                   Topics Papers
Family and Domestic Violence helpline numbers Since our last newsletter the Clearinghouse has
and a 2004 calendar. It has been designed to be added two more topics papers to our website.
used as a discrete resource to assist people with These are:
emergency contact numbers.
                                                   Adolescent Violence Towards Parents
                                                        Risk Assessment in Domestic Violence
To order
The resources are available from the Freedom from    These documents can be downloaded from the
Fear website and can be ordered using the website    Clearinghouse website by clicking on the „Topics‟
publications order form:                             button on the left hand side of the home page.     Once in the topics page, scroll down to the topics
m?content=pubs/content.htm                           paper of interest.

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                 Newsletter No. 18              12

Dale Gietzelt, Clearinghouse                       Research and Resources (R&R) database and
Information Officer                                the Good Practice (GP) database.
                                                   The diagram below illustrates how you can
In previous newsletters, I have described how to
                                                   access the online searchable databases from our
find particular information in our databases. In
                                                   home page. There are four (4) entry points for
this issue, I will show you various entry points
                                                   each database.
into our two main searchable databases, the

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse              Newsletter No. 18            13

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse   Newsletter No. 18   14

                                                    children and young people. It is also a world
                                                    where children receive adequate care, resources
         FORTHCOMING                                and attention. „Working together‟ means
         CONFERENCES                                recognising that abuse and neglect are complex
                                                    problems that call for the mobilisation of many
                                                    kinds of skills and resources.
   ‘Home truths’: Stop Sexual                       Professionals and communities need each other
Assault and Domestic Violence: A                    to forge effective responses, and both need to be
       National Challenge                           able to see the world through the eyes of
                                                    children and young people.
15-17 September 2004
Sheraton Towers Southgate Melbourne                 For further information
This conference is intended to provide a dynamic    Secretariat office C/- ICMS
national forum to discuss, debate and highlight     PO Box 3496, South Brisbane QLD 4101
practice and policy issues relating to sexual       Ph: 07 3844 1138; Fax: 07 3844 0909
assault and domestic and family violence.           Email:
Several themes have been identified to set a        Web:
framework for presentations. These themes           To obtain earlybird discounts register by Friday, 18
include: Justice, Feminism, Innovation and          June 2004.
Prevention, Evaluation, Health, Training and
Community Education Models, Inspiration, Best
Practice Activism, Beyond Counselling and              Challenge, Change & Cha Cha
Children‟s Rights.                                    Cha… A conference on Women,
Conference organisers are calling for abstracts           Feminism and the Law
for papers/workshops to be conducted by
practitioners at the conference. Closing date for   27-29 October 2004
abstracts is 30 April 2004.                        Hilton, Brisbane
                                                   Women‟s Legal Service (Brisbane) turns 20 this
For further information                            year. To mark the occasion the organisation is
Contact conference organisers:                     holding a three-day conference featuring a
CLEMS (Conference Links & Event Management         diverse range of international, national and local
Services)                                          speakers. The conference is being held to
1 Studley Street, Abbotsford VIC 3067              acknowledge and celebrate 20 years of
Ph: 03 9439 3855; Fax: 03 9431 5167                challenging and changing the legal system to
Email:                        provide better outcomes for women.
                                                   A pre-conference opening function will be held
                                                   on the evening of the 26th October. The final day
      ISPCAN 15th International                    will have an emphasis on networking and less
   Congress on Child Abuse and                     formal activities. Conference participants are
                    Neglect                        welcome to stay in Brisbane and join Women‟s
                                                   Legal Service for their 20th birthday party on
19-22 September 2004                               Friday night, 29 October.
Brisbane Queensland                                The conference will focus on family law and on
Presented by NAPCAN, this conference aims to contemporary issues around violence against
share ideas and experiences from across the        women. However we also intend to consider
global community about protecting children in a    broader issues concerning women and the law.
way that welcomes children and young people as Themes the conference will explore:
valued participants.                                contemporary issues around violence against
The overall theme of the 2004 Congress is:              women and children;
„Working Together for a Child Safe World‟. This
theme provides an area of focus for the
exchange of professional information, practices
and enriching experiences. A „child safe world‟ is
a world where children are free from all forms of
abuse and exploitation by adults and other

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                 Newsletter No. 18                15

    trends impacting on justice for women;
     key legal issues for future reform;
     changes we have witnessed in women‟s
     interaction with the legal system over the last
     20 years;
                                                          !     New Issues Paper
                                                          Don‟t forget to look out for our most recent
                                                          Issues Paper No. 9 Domestic Violence
    politics of resistance, race and gender;
                                                          and Restorative Justice written by
    mainstreaming of women‟s issues and                  Associate Professor Julie Stubbs. We
     services;                                            welcome comments and feedback on this
    the effect of global trends on local issues;         paper.
    re-energising and focusing for future              V Day: A worldwide campaign to
                                                       stop violence against women and
For further information
Contact Women‟s Legal Service on:                      This site chronicles the activities that form part of
Ph: 07 3392 0644; Fax: 07 3392 0658                    a global movement to end violence against
Post: PO Box 119 Annerley QLD 4103.                    women and girls initiated by Eve Ensler‟s award
                                                       winning play „The Vagina Monologues‟. The site
                                                       provides detail about events and campaigns that
                                                       will occur throughout the world in 2004 to
         INTERNET SITE &                               address violence against women and girls. Users
                                                       of the site can subscribe to the V-day email
           DOCUMENTS                                   newsletter.
       Victorian Family Violence
          Prevention Network
The Victorian Family Violence Prevention                 Centre for the Study of Safety &
Network has recently published a website to                    Wellbeing (SWELL)
inform others about the work being undertaken in       The site provides access to the Centre‟s
each region within Victoria. Contact details are       research and publications, which focus on the
provided for the Family Violence Networker in          safety and wellbeing of vulnerable groups,
each region.                                           particularly children, young people and women.
Information about upcoming events and support
groups will become available. The website is in        ell/
its developmental phase and not all regions will
have their own website. In the absence of a
website for that region, the link will generate an
email to the Networker for that region.
Go to:                                   !          Deadline for contributions to
                                                          the next newsletter is 6 August:
    Child and Women Abuse Studies
               Unit (UK)                                  Brief, newsworthy contributions are invited.
The site operates from London Metropolitan             The views expressed in this Newsletter do not necessarily represent
University with a clear emphasis on developing         the views of the Commonwealth of Australia or the Partnerships
feminist theory and practice to address issues         Against Domestic Violence Taskforce.
                                                       Whilst all reasonable care has been taken in the preparation of this
concerning domestic violence, sexual assault,          publication, no liability is assumed for any errors or omissions.
trafficking and child abuse.                           The Clearinghouse is linked to the Centre for Gender-Related
                                                       Violence Studies, based in the University of New South Wales                                  School of Social Work.
                                                       This work is copyright. Organisations have permission to reproduce
                                                       parts or whole of this publication, as long as the original meaning is
                                                       retained and proper credit given.
                                                       Funded by Partnerships Against Domestic Violence, a
                                                       Commonwealth Government initiative.

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                           Newsletter No. 18                          16