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									                                     Plano Community Garden
                                        IN COLLABORATION WITH
                                        THE JUNIOR LEAGUE OF PLANO AND THE CITY OF PLANO

                                            Garden Guide
                                         Plano Community Garden Mission Statement:
                                        To collaborate with community volunteers to donate
                                         harvested produce to local food pantries, provide
                                           community service opportunities and educate
                                             community on horticultural stewardship.

For more information about the
Plano Community Garden visit or email                    Growing Together to Build a Better Community.

      Plano Community Garden Guide                   Plano Community Garden Guide
                Page 24                                         Page
                                              Local Resources
                               Austin Cedar & Redwood
                               4912 Dozier Rd
                               Carrollton 75010

                               America’s Country Store
                               701 E. FM 544
                               Murphy 75094                 Georgia’s Farmers Market
                               972-429-7296                 916 E.15th St
                                                            Plano 75074
                               BEE Builders Supply,Inc.     972-516-4795
                               1300 Capital Ave
                               Plano 75074                  Lowe's Home Improvement
                               972-422-4960                 5001 Central Expy
                                                            Plano 75074
                               Bruce Miller Nursery         972-633-0424
                               1000 E. Beltline Road
                               Richardson 75081             Plano Pure Products
                               972-238-0204                 City of Plano
                                                            Custer Road Facility
                                                            9901 Custer Road
                                                            Plano 75025
                                                            972-769-4150 or 972-769-7825

                                                            Puckett’s Nursery
                               Calloway's Nursery           811 E. Main Street
                               1621 Custer Rd               Allen 75002
                               Plano 75075                  972-727-1145
                               or                           North Haven Gardens
                               1000 Preston Rd              7700 North Haven Rd
                               Plano 75093                  Dallas 75230
                               972-964-3084                 214-363-6715

                               Elliott's Hardware           Shades of Green Nursery
                               2049 Coit Rd                 8801 Coit Rd
                               Plano 75075                  Frisco 75035
                               972-312-0700                 972-335-9095

                               Garrison Gardens             Wells Brothers Feed & Seed
                               1817 K Ave                   5001 Avenue K
                               Plano 75074                  Plano 75074
                               972-424-7568                 972-424-8516

Plano Community Garden Guide                  Plano Community Garden Guide
          Page 2                                        Page 23
                                     Crop Rotation                                                        Table of Contents
                            Many pathogens and the disease carry-
                            ing insects survive in the soil, on crop            I.     History of the Plano Community Garden .......... 4
                            residue, or weeds. Rotation with non-
                            susceptible crops can reduce both the
                            pathogen and the insect populations.                II.    Adopt-a-Plot Agreement ..................................... 5

   A pathogen that attacks one member of a plant family fre-                    III.   Garden Safety Tips.............................................. 6
   quently will infect another member of that family or group. A
   standard rotation program should use only one member of
   each group on a site in a 3-year period.                                     IV.    Garden Preparation ............................................. 7

                                                                                V.     Organic Products .............................................. 10
                    Grouping of vegetables based on
                    susceptibly to similar diseases.                            VI.    Bugs ................................................................... 12

                                                                                VII. Disease Preventions ......................................... 14
Allium     Cucurbit     Goosefoot    Legume       Mustard       Nightshade
Family      Family       Family       Family      Family        Family
                                                                                VIII. Garden Layouts ................................................. 15
                                                Cruciferae or   Solanaceous
Chive     Cantaloupe    Beet         Alfalfa    Alyssum
                                                                Angel’s         IX.    “Harvest from the Heart” donation program... 16
Garlic    Cucumber      Spinach      Bean       Broccoli        Eggplant
                                                                                X.     Harvest Chart ..................................................... 18
Leek      Squash        Sugar Beet   Clover                     Nicotiana
                        Swiss        Locust                                     XI.    Planning for Vegetable Planting.................. 19-21
Lily      Honeydew                              Cabbage         Pepper
                        Chard        Tree
Onion     Melons                     Peas       Candytuft       Petunia
                                                                                XII. Crop Rotation .................................................... 22
Shallot   Pumpkin                               Cauliflower     Potato
                                                Collard         Texas Thistle   XIII. Local Resources................................................ 23
                        Corn                    Mustard         Tomatillo

                                                Radish          Tomato

                       Plano Community Garden Guide                                                    Plano Community Garden Guide
                                 Page 22                                                                         Page 3
   History of the Plano Community Garden                                                    Planning for Vegetable Planting
 For several years various citizens called the Environmental Waste Services
 (EWS) division and other City of Plano departments requesting that a
 community garden be established in Plano. However, the circumstances
 never seemed to be right for the city to take on this endeavor.                                          Row           Seed           Thin     Planting
                                                                                        VEGETABLE        Spacing       Spacing          To       Depth
 In 2004, the Junior League of Plano (JLP) became interested in the idea of a
                                                                                      Okra                 36-42"           4-6"        5-24”       0.5-1"
 community garden after observing the success of a community garden in a
 neighboring community. JLP leadership approached the EWS division to                 Onion (plants)       12-24"             5"         4-6”       2.5-5"
 explore the idea of partnering to establish a community garden for the sole          Parsley               18-24"           1-2"       8-12"   Scratch in
 purpose of raising and harvesting fresh produce for a local food pantry. After       Peas (English)        24-36"           1-2"        2-3"          1"
 discussion, it became apparent that a partnership between the two                    Peas (Edible
 organizations would complement the strengths of each and accomplish the                                    24-36"           1-2"        2-3"          1"
 intended goal most efficiently.
                                                                                      Peas (Southern)       24-36"             2"        4-6"         1-2"
 Consequently, JLP and the City of Plano worked together to draft a proposal
                                                                                      Peppers (Bell)        20-35"     Transplant       2-24"         2.5"
 for the Plano Community Garden. The North Texas Municipal Water District
 donated a piece of land for the garden. JLP volunteers and a representative
 of the City of Plano brought this project to fruition for the spring 2006 planting   Peppers (Hot)         20-35"     Transplant       2-24"         2.5"
                                                                                      Potatoes              36-42"          8-12"        NA"          3-4"
               The rest of the story remains to be written . . . .
                                                                                      Pumpkins              48-72"          6-12”      24-36”         1-2"
                              Contributors                                            Radishes              18-24"             5"        1-2"       2.5-5"

                         Thank you for your support!                                                        14-18"             1"        3-5"     0.5-75"
                                                                                                            24-36"          6-12"      24-36”         1-2"
                                                                                      Squash (Summer)
Austin Cedar & Redwood        Dowager Construction       Lowe’s Home Improvement
                                – Madison Smartt                                                            24-36"          6-12"      24-36”         1-2"
 Cadbury Schweppes                                          North Texas Municipal     Squash (Winter)
                                Eagle Underground                Water District
  Calloway’s Nursery                                                                                        22-26"           2-4"       8-12"       0.5-1"
                                   – Matt Nation                                      Sweet Corn
                                                             Plano Pure Products
     City of Coppell             Elliott’s Hardware
  – Amanda VanHoosier                                         Plano Star Courier      Sweet Potatoes        48-54"           Slips     12-14”         3-4"
                                 Garrison Gardens                                                           18-30"            2-3"       6-8”           5"
     City of Plano                                              Premier Fence         Swiss Chard
   – Heather Merchant             Grace Outreach
                                                            Wayne Bruce Studios
                                                                                                            36-48”     Transplant      24-36”         2.5"
  City of Plano Master        Junior League of Plano                                  Tomatoes
        Composters                                        Wells Brothers Farm Store
                               Longhorn Landscape                                                           18-24”             1”        3-4”       2.5-5"
 Collin County Master               and Design                                        Turnips
 Gardener Association
                                                                                      Watermelon             8-12”          6-12"       8-24”       0.5-1"

                         Plano Community Garden Guide                                                   Plano Community Garden Guide
                                   Page 4                                                                         Page 21
        Planning for Vegetable Planting                                                     Adopt-
                                                                                            Adopt-a-Plot Agreement
                                                                          All Plano Community Garden gardeners must agree to and sign this agreement
                                                                                 annually prior to receiving a plot. Keep this copy for your records.
                                                                      Each gardener will:
                                                                      •Be responsible for his/her allotted plot(s) and shared maintenance of the common
                                                                      areas and garden-made compost.
                                                                      •Continuously produce vegetables, fruits and companion plants by succession planting,
                                                  Mini-               mulch all soil with organic matter, and use proper watering techniques. Plots should
                    Seeding      Transplant                Days To
                                                  mum**               never have bare soil. During winter, completely mulch plot(s) soil or plant a cover crop.
                                                   Soil               •Continuously maintain adjacent paths, aisles and edges by keeping them heavily
  VEGETABLE          Dates         Dates                   Maturity
                                                  Temp                mulched and weeded. Weed plots and paths weekly. Share chores in common areas.
Beans (Bush)        8/1-8/20         NA             60      45-60     •Never step on the garden beds and plot soil.
                   3/20-4/20                                          •Harvest and donate produce weekly for the food pantry pick-up. If gardener is not
Beans (Pole)                         NA            60       50-60
                    8/1-8/15                                          available, he/she will arrange for another gardener to do it.
Beans (Lima)       3/20-4/20         NA            65       65-75     •Only harvest or work in another gardener’s plot if he/she does has permission by that
                    2/10-3/1                                          gardener.
Beets                                NA            55       50-65
                    9/1-9/15                                          •Record all volunteer hours and turn in monthly via email or in the mailbox.
                                 2/15 - 2/25      50 (T)              •Strive to learn and use organic gardening methods to produce more disease resistant
Broccoli             8/8-9/1                                55-80
                                 8/25 - 9/15      80 (S)              and pest free plants, and more nutritious fruits and vegetables.
                                 2/15 - 2/25      50 (T)              •Respect neighboring plots by keeping vines and shade from tall plants or trellis within
Brussel Sprouts     8/1-8/15                               85-110
                                 8/25 - 9/15      80 (S)              plot borders.
                                  2/15 - 3/1      50 (T)              •Keep areas litter, tobacco, alcohol and drug free.
Cabbage             8/15-9/5                               60-120
                                 8/25 - 9/15      80 (S)
                                                                      •Never bring pets within the garden or compost dog and cat feces.
                    2/15-3/1      2/15 - 3/1      50 (T)
Cabbage, Chinese
                    8/10-9/1     8/25 - 9/15      55 (S)
                                                             90       •If unable to maintain his/her plot for any reason (i.e. health, work or other issues) or
                                                                      have a grievance with others, inform the Plano Community Garden Advisory Committee
                    2/10-3/1                                          in writing for resolution.
Carrots                              NA            50       70-80
                                                                      •Never, unless given prior written authorization by the Plano Community Garden
                    3/20-5/1                                          Advisory Committee, request donations on behalf of the garden.
Cucumbers                            NA            60       50-70
                                                                      •Pay an annual $10 refundable deposit when awarded the plot. Deposits will be
                                                  70-85               returned at the end of the annual contract if plots are kept in order according to this
Eggplant            6/I5-7/15     4/5 - 5/1        (S)       90       agreement.
                                                  75 (T)
                   2/10-3/10                                          Consequences will be enforced as follows: One warning will be given. If you have
Kale                 8/25-           NA            50       50-75     not adhered within the specified time, your plot will be given to someone who wants to
                     10/11                                            follow the guidelines.
Kohlrabi                          2/15 - 3/1       50       50-75     I,                     ,AGREE TO ADHERE TO ALL GUIDELINES AS
                    8/1-8/25                                          STATED ABOVE TO GARDEN A PLANO COMMUNITY GARDEN PLOT. I
Leeks               2/10-3/1                       50      95-160     UNDERSTAND THAT NEITHER PLANO COMMUNITY GARDEN, JUNIOR LEAGUE
Lettuce            2/10-3/15                                          OF PLANO, CITY OF PLANO OR NORTH TEXAS MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT IS
                                     NA           50-75     40-90     RESPONSIBLE FOR MY ACTIONS.
(Leaf and Head)     8/15-9/1
Melon, Honeydew     6/15-7/1         NA            50       60-90      I THEREFORE AGREE TO HOLD HARMLESS THE PLANO COMMUNITY
                                                                      GARDEN, JUNIOR LEAGUE OF PLANO, CITY OF PLANO OR NORTH TEXAS
Muskmelons          6/15-7/1         NA            50       60-90
                                                                      MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT FOR ANY LIABILITY, DAMAGE, LOSS OR CLAIM
                    3/20-5/1                                          THAT OCCURS IN CONNECTION WITH USE OF THE GARDEN BY ME OR ANY OF
Mustard Greens                       NA            65       30-55
                    8/1-9/10                                          MY GUESTS. I AGREE TO FOLLOW ALL GUIDELINES SET FORTH.

                   Plano Community Garden Guide                                                     Plano Community Garden Guide
                             Page 20                                                                          Page 5
               Garden Safety Tips                                   Planning for Vegetable Planting

                   Safety is important at the Plano
                                                                                 Row           Seed           Thin     Planting
                   Community Garden. Every volunteer is
                   responsible for safety and making the      VEGETABLE        Spacing       Spacing           To       Depth
                   gardens as safe as possible for all.
                                                            Beans (Bush)        18-36"          2-4"           4-6"      0.5-1"

                                                            Beans (Pole)        36-48"          2-4"            6”      0.5-1.5"

Please follow these safety guidelines:                      Beans (Lima)        30-36"          1-2"           4-6"       1.5"

                                                            Beets               14-24"           1"            3-5"      2.5-5"
√   Bring water to drink.
                                                            Broccoli            24-36"       4-6"/lrans         8"       2.5-5"
√   Wear proper clothes, shoes, gloves to prevent
    injuries.                                               Brussel Sprouts     24-36"      Transplant        12-18"     2.5-5"

                                                            Cabbage             24-48"          3-4"          8-24"      2.5-5"
√   Use tools correctly; put away when not in use.
                                                            Cabbage, Chinese    24-36"          3-4"          8-12"      2.5-5"
√   Never operate equipment that you are unfamiliar
    with or not trained to use.                             Carrots             14-24"         2.5-5"          1-2"    Scratch in

                                                            Cucumbers           48-72"           6"           2-18"      1-1.5"
√   Supervise your children at all times.
                                                            Eggplant            24-36"      Transplant        8-24"      2.5-5"
√   Lock soil amendments and treatments in the
    storage. Although organic, they can be harmful.         Kale                24-36"          3-4"          8-12"      2.5-5"

                                                            Kohlrabi            18-30"          3-4"          8-12"      2.5-5"
√   Do not breathe soil and product dust; use a mask.
                                                            Leeks               12-24”           5”            4-6”      2.5-5”
√   Report any unsafe conditions or injuries to the Plano
    Community Garden committee.                             Lettuce (Leaf)      12-24"         5-10"          8-12"    Scratch in

                                                            Lettuce (Head)      12-24"         5-10"          8-12"    Scratch in
√   Seek first aid immediately upon injury.
                                                            Melon, Honeydew     48-72"         6-12"          8-24"      0.5-1"

                                                            Muskmelons          48-72"         6-12"          8-24"      0.5-1"

        First Aid Kit is in the storage shed!               Mustard Greens      18-24"           I"            3-4"      2.5-5"

                 Plano Community Garden Guide                                  Plano Community Garden Guide
                           Page 6                                                        Page 19
                          Harvest Chart                                                               Garden Preparation
              Harvest on small side to keep plant producing.
                       Compost over-ripe produce.
Asparagus     Spears 6-8" long and diameter of a pencil with compact, closed tips.        √   Use only organic products.
              Angular or flat stalks are apt to be woody.
Beans         Snaps: Pods almost full size before seeds begin to bulge. Shelling:         √   Dig out weeds, roots and all.
              Beans full size in pod. Dry: Pods dry and crisp.
Beet          Root 1-3". Use tops as greens by removing all but about 1.5" from root.
                                                                                          √   Build up the soil by adding compost, lava sand
Broccoli      Flower heads fully developed before individual flower buds.
                                                                                              and green sand; mix gently.
Brussel       Start removing sprouts at base as they become solid and 1.5-2.0". Do
sprouts       not strip leaves which are necessary for further growth.
Cabbage       Heads good size, firm and solid with uniform color outer leaves. Excess     √   Mix soil conditioners following directions and
              water causes splitting. Prevent by twisting enough to break several             apply to garden soil.
Carrot        Root shoulder is 0.75-1" maximum to be succulent. Pull largest first.
                                                                                          √   Use the no-till method after the soil is well
Cauliflower   Full-sized but still compact, white and smooth.
                                                                                              prepped and producing well.
Celery        Hearts are fully developed, 2.5-3.0" in diameter and 12-15" tall.
Corn          Kernels plump, tender. Silks darken, dry. Kernels fill out toward top,
              ends more blunt instead of pointed. Juice exudes by thumbnail               √   Spread six sheets of newspaper and/or
              pressure.                                                                       cardboard with 6” of mulch to prevent weeds
Cucumber      Sweet pickles 1.5-2". Dills 3-4”, bright green in color. Slicing: Bright        from growing in the paths.
              green, firm, and medium sized before they get too seedy and bulge.
Eggplant      Fruit is full size, shiny and rich purple color.
                                                                                          √   Plan and layout water system. (Soaker hoses
Garlic        Foliage loses color, tops fall over. Hang in shade to dry for a few days.
                                                                                              on top of the soil work well snaking through the
Greens        Outer, older leaves 4-6" long. Hot weather bitter flavor and seed stalks.
Melon         Fruit easily separated from vine with a slight thumb pressure.
Okra          Pods 2-4" before tough and stringy.
                                                                                          √   Plan what and when to plant and its layout.
Onion         Summer Use: Bulbs 0.75-1.0". Later: Tops fall and/or dry and brown.
              Green Onions: Any time while tops are green. Leeks: 1" diameter.
Parsley       Leaves are a usable size.
Pea           Pods are plump and fresh green in color.
Pepper        Full-grown, firm, and bright color according to variety.
Pumpkin       Fully grown, firm, and bright in color, according to variety.
Radish        0.5-1.0" diameter
Squash        Summer: While very young, before skin, becomes hard and large seeds
              form. Winter: Full grown, hard shelled, and firm.
Tomato        First blush of color to avoid attracting animals. Ripen in a paper bag.
Turnip        Root is well colored, red, pink, or yellow according to variety.

                           Plano Community Garden Guide                                                  Plano Community Garden Guide
                                     Page 18                                                                       Page 7
           Good Garden Habits                          “Harvest From the Heart” Plants
             (less than one hour a week)
                                                           Spring Transplants (April)
                                                             Tomatoes (smaller varieties)
Pull weeds when they first emerge. Removing                      Peppers, all kinds
weeds reduces harboring diseases and harmful
insects.                                                          Spring Seeding
Never leave soil barren. Keep a layer of organic              Squash-Zucchini & Yellow
matter on garden bed to smother weeds, retain                          Okra
moisture and feed the soil (grass cuttings, straw,                    Melons
leaves, compost and mulch).                                       Black-eyed peas
                         Harvest regularly to
                         keep plants producing.

                         Water to keep soil
                         moist; prevent over         ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                         Work compost into the
                         soil to retain moisture,
                         loosen the soil, and feed
                         microbes and worms.               Fall Transplants (August)
                                                              Tomatoes (heat varieties)
Practice continuous planting with sufficient                        Cabbage
watering.                                                            Broccoli

                                                                     Fall Seeding
Plant a cover crop and use mulch over the                             Radishes
winter to produce nutritious and easy-to-work soil                     Carrots
in the spring.                                                         Turnips

             Plano Community Garden Guide                     Plano Community Garden Guide
                       Page 8                                           Page 17
             “Harvest from the Heart”                                          Compost Happens
               Donation Program

A vital portion of the Plano Community                                   Compost
Garden mission is to “collaborate with
community volunteers to donate                                              =
harvested produce to local food pantries”.                           Gardeners’ Gold
Thus… the “Harvest from the Heart”
donation program.
                                                                                Take your turn to turn!
                                                                  Compost at the garden is turned weekly (Sat. AM)
                         Top 10 Tips                                 by all Gardeners and Master Composters.

  1. Harvest weekly during the coolest part of the day.
                                                                 Where to Put Old Plants for Composting:
                                                                 Cut spent plants into 1’ lengths and lay on the ground
  2. Ask another gardener to pick your plot if you are unable.
                                                                 beside the bins. Only add to compost bin when building
                                                                 a new pile. Do not place nut grass, Bermuda grass,
  3. Bring plastic grocery sacks to carry produce.
                                                                 bind weed and diseased plants in compost. Place
                                                                 these in paper lawn bags to be picked up and taken to
  4. Pick at the right time – see harvest chart.
                                                                 the Regional Compost Facility.
  5. Be gentle with plants. Use a knife if needed.
                                                                 When to Use the Finished Compost:
  6. Always work from path; avoid stepping in the bed.           Finished compost is dark, crumbly and has an earthy
                                                                 rich smell. Till it into your garden soil.
  7. Pick one type of produce per bag and label.
                                                                 How to Use Compost in Your Garden Bed:
                                                                 Compost greatly benefits your plants at any time.
  8. Handle produce as little as possible.
                                                                 Spread ½” on top of the soil around plants. Compost
                                                                 can be used as a great mulch to hold moisture, add
  9. Help weigh and sort for food pantry pick-up.
                                                                 nutrients and retard weed growth in your garden.
  10. Make sure your harvest isn’t over ripe.

                     Plano Community Garden Guide                               Plano Community Garden Guide
                               Page 16                                                    Page 9
                      Organic Products                                                           Garden Layouts
Bacillus Thuringiensis: (Bt) Kills caterpillars. Mix with Garrett Juice and          Intensive intercropping provides space-saving and
molasses to provide protein and keep insect-killing bacteria alive on the                   complimentary growth combinations.
foliage longer even during rain. Use as a last resort because it kills all
moths and butterflies. Bt “San Diego” is for leaf-chewing beetles. It’s not
                                                                                Above Ground
harmful to beneficial insects.
                                                                               ▪  Beans can be intercropped with celery, squash, corn, to-
Coffee Grounds: Approximate analysis is 2-3-6. An excellent natural               matoes, carrots, cucumbers, melons, and radishes.
fertilizer with an acid pH. Use in the compost pile or apply directly to al-   ▪ Corn can be intercropped with cabbage, lettuce, melons,
kaline soils.                                                                     beans, squash, cucumbers, and potatoes.
Compost: Topdress soil with two wheelbarrows of compost twice a year.          ▪ Leeks and onions can be intercropped with carrots and
Compost is superior organic matter for building the soil. Used as mulch,          parsley, cabbage, eggplant, pepper, and spinach.
there is no need to work it into the soil to have it decompose into humus
for the roots.                                                                  Sunlight and Shade
                                                                               ▪ Beans, cabbage, broccoli and other cole crops will provide
Cornmeal: Apply 1-2 coffee-can-scoops per garden plot twice a year to
                                                                                  shade for celery, lettuce, spinach.
add cellulose and stimulate beneficial microorganisms that control sev-
eral disease pathogens (Rhizoctonia, Pythium, Fusarium, and Phy-               ▪ Tomatoes, corn, and sunflowers provide shade for lettuce,
tophthora). Some cornmeal contains more gluten and may inhibit seed               cucumbers, spinach, as well as providing a climbing place
germination. Apply accordingly.                                                   for cucumbers.
                                                                               ▪ Beets, brussel sprouts, cabbage, carrots, collards, kale,
Diatomaceous Earth: (DE) Mostly silicon (builds plant cell walls), plus
has sodium, iron and trace minerals of titanium, boron, manganese, cop-
                                                                                  lettuce, mustard, parsley, radish, spinach, and turnips tol-
per and zirconium. Does not harm earthworms or beneficial soil microor-           erate partial shade.
ganisms. Apply with water, ¼ cup of DE in a gallon of water, and spray
all surfaces, which is better than dusting dry for insect control. Kills        Below Ground
beneficial insects.                                                            ▪   Bean roots compliment the roots of carrots, celery, corn,
                                                                                   cucumbers, onions, radishes, melons, and squash.
Foliar Feeding: Apply sprays weekly to fertilize, control insects and pre-
vent disease by providing missing or “locked up” elements. Most effec-         ▪ Corn roots compliment the roots of lettuce, and potato,
tive on new growth. Spray in late afternoon for pest control and daybreak          radish, and onion.
for foliar feeding.                                                            ▪ Onion roots compliment the roots of eggplant, pepper, car-
                                                                                   rot, radish, and spinach.
Fish Emulsion: Use directly in soil or as foliar feed. Odor may last one
                                                                               ▪ Pea roots compliment the roots of turnips, and radishes.

Seaweed Extract: (Kelp) Apply weekly as a foliar spray providing trace
minerals that stimulate root growth and branching. Enables the stomata
to gather more moisture from the air and reduce the need for irrigated
water. Helps control bad fungi, like powdery mildew.
                                                                                              Winter Weather Predictions
                                                                                               Dallas First Freeze - November 13 average
Garlic/Pepper Tea: An organic insect and disease control material
made from the juice of garlic and hot peppers effective for both ornamen-                      Dallas Last Freeze - March 23 average
tal and food crops.                                                                                                 source: 1997 Texas Garden Almanac

                        Plano Community Garden Guide                                             Plano Community Garden Guide
                                  Page 10                                                                  Page 15
                 Disease Prevention                                              Organic Products (cont’d)
Use organic methods to build healthy soil that grows healthy         Lava Sand: Apply once in the lifetime of a planting bed by broad-
                                                                     casting two coffee-can-scoops per garden plot. Increases water-
plants. Pests are nature’s way to eliminate weak plants, so make     holding capacity, resulting in increased production.
your plants as strong as you can.
                                                                     Molasses: Amend soil at least twice every year or more by broadcast-
Remove a diseased or insect infested plant rather than try to        ing two coffee-can-scoops per garden plot to provide energy for soil
save it. We have a long growing season and can replant the next      microbes. Contains sulfur, potash, and many trace minerals. Black-
round for a good harvest.                                            strap molasses, the cow feed molasses, contains sulfur and iron of the
                                                                     original material. If using blackstrap molasses, use two oz. per gallon
                                                                     of water, spray onto leaves of plants (early or late day) or use as a soil
                                                                     drench near root zone. Attracts a bacterium that repels fire ants.

                                                                     Neem: Antibacterial, fungicide, antiviral product. Disrupts insect repro-
                                                                     ductive cycle. Pests are unable to build a genetic resistance. As a foliar
        Prevention Tips                                              spray it is not a systemic insecticide; as a soil drench it is a systemic
                                                                     insecticide. Use against aphids, whiteflies, thrips, hornworms, mealy-
                                                                     bugs, leafminers, gypsy moths, weevils, webworms, loopers, psyllids
• Plan a three-year crop rotation plan.                              and sawflies. USDA tests show neem extracts repels cucumber bee-
                                                                     tles up to 6 weeks.

• Eliminate weeds in and around the gardens, especially John-        Orange Oil: The extracted oil from citrus rinds, sold commercially as d-
   son grass.                                                        limonene. Used in cleaning products and natural pesticides.

• Remove diseased or insect infested plants immediately.             Organic Fertilizer: Amend soil twice a year by broadcasting two cof-
                                                                     fee-can-scoops per garden plot. Derivatives of plants and contains
                                                                     most trace elements that exist in growing plants, approx. 16 basic ele-
• Place diseased crop material in the brown yard bags and set        ments. Synthetic fertilizers do not have rounded balance of mineral
   out for pick-up.                                                  nutrients.

• Do not place diseased crop residue in compost piles.               Texas Greensand: (Glauconite) Amend soil once a year by broadcast-
                                                                     ing two coffee-can-scoops per garden plot. Enriches soils with iron,
                                                                     magnesium phosphorous, potash, and trace minerals. Effective in high
• Control insects that spread disease.                               calcium soils. Different from New Jersey glauconite. Best iron product
                                                                     for chlorosis in high pH soils.
• Plant disease resistant or tolerant varieties.
                                                                     Vinegar: Kills weeds, effective nonselective organic herbicide. Works
• Use pathogen-free seed and/or transplants.                         best sprayed full strength during the heat of the day and in full sunlight.
                                                                     Do not use vinegar that is made from the petroleum derivative, 99%
                                                                     acetic acid.
• Avoid overhead irrigation. Use furrow, drip or soaker-hose
   irrigation to prevent soil-borne organisms splashing on plants.   Worm Castings: Provide aeration of the soil, vigorous plant growth,
                                                                     healthy root systems and increased water retention capacity, plus cal-
• Amend soil to improve its drainage and nutrients.                  cium, iron, sodium elements and over 60 trace minerals.

                      Plano Community Garden Guide                                        Plano Community Garden Guide
                                Page 14                                                             Page 11
                                    Bugs                                                           Bugs
 ~ THE GOOD ~                                                          ~ THE UGLY ~
 Beneficial insects are good for the garden.
                                                                       Cucumber Beetle: quarter inch long, yellow with black spots or
                                                                       yellow-orange with black stripes. Larvae feed on roots and
                                                                       adults chew holes in leaves. Transmit diseases. ACTION:
 1. Predator and parasitic insects control
                                                                       Cover plants with row covers from germination to bloom.
 harmful insects. Encourage good insects by
                                                                       Hand-pick beetles immediately.
 planting host plants they like.
       a. Ladybugs like alfalfa, morning                               Cutworms: Nocturnal moth larvae. Fat, grayish to brown cater-
           glories, and yarrow.                                        pillars, usually curled. Chew stems at or below soil level. AC-
       b. Lacewings like the carrot family                             TION: Protect stems with toothpicks and a 3” paper collar.
           (dill, fennel).                                             Sprinkle cornmeal on soil. Beneficial nematodes and tricho-
       c. Parasitic Wasps like both the carrot and daisy               gramma wasps prey on cutworms.
 2. Pollinators of the Garden                                          Fire Ants: Small brownish red ants that live in a mound. They
                                                                       swarm when mound is disturbed and their bite feels like fire!
         a. Bees
                                                                       Found mostly on okra and eggplant. ACTION: Treatment used
         b. Butterflies                                                in vegetable gardens is restricted
                                                                       to organic methods.        Drench
                                                                       mounds with 1 gallon of soil con-
  ~ THE BAD ~                                                          ditioner with compost tea (Garrett
                                                                       Juice), ¼ cup molasses, and ¾
 Aphids: Small pear-shaped, soft-bodied, various colors. Suck          cup citrus oil.
 plant juices and transmit diseases. ACTION: Spray water
 each day for 3 days; if they persist, add a little dishsoap to        Pillbugs or RoliPoli: Live in
 water and spray plants. Attract ladybugs.                             moist, dark organic matter. Completely devour young plants
                                                                       and produce touching the soil. ACTION: Clear mulch from
                       Caterpillars: Butterfly or moth larval stage.   stems and sprinkle Sluggo or crushed red pepper around
                       Usually found on cabbage family and the         plants. Trellis up cucumbers and winter squash. Harvest root
                       tomato hornworm on tomatoes. ACTION:            crops at peak.
                       Pick them off immediately. Apply Bt (Bacillus
                       thuringiensis) as directed to leaves.           Squash Bugs: Flat, dark brown to black brown to gray to green
                                                                       with orange on the abdomen. They suck plant juices and trans-
                                                                       mit diseases. ACTION: Clear away spent plants. Use row cov-
PEST PREVENTION: Use organic methods to build healthy soil             ers on young plants so eggs will not be laid there. Immediately
that grows healthy plants. Pests are nature’s way to eliminate         remove bugs or any eggs looking like orange/yellow beads in
weak plants, so make your plants as strong as you can. Remove          row on leaf.
a diseased or insect infested plant rather than try to save it. We
have a long growing season and can replant the next round.

                       Plano Community Garden Guide                                      Plano Community Garden Guide
                                 Page 12                                                           Page 13

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