Vol. XL, No. 41
DIOCESE OF SPRINGFIELD – CAPE GIRARDEAU
March 18, 2005
C O M M E N TA R Y
Our Lenten model
s the church observes Lent this year, Catholics follow with concern the news of Pope John Paul II and the health problems he is experiencing. The Holy Father continues to be a model to imitate as he lives out the meaning of Lent: The patient endurance of suffering in union with Christ, the suffering servant, who won redemption for humanity on the cross. The pope is weak and frail, struggling to recover, yet in one sense he teaches more vigorously and profoundly than ever before. If he speaks with difficulty, or not at all, it does not matter; right now he needs no words. He is practicing what he has preached from the first day of his pontificate: “Be not afraid.” His unshakable faith and ironclad determination are as steady in the face of illness and age as they have been all his life. They enabled him to endure years of political oppression, and to play a key role in the downfall of communism in his beloved Poland. They became the pillars of his papacy. They shone forth as he traveled to countries throughout the world to bring the word of God to people of every nation and culture. For years he has exhorted the faithful to follow Christ fearlessly, to live their lives for him, to be faithful to the Gospel and the teaching of the church, to work for justice. He did more than exhort; he led the way, and he still does. He is the embodiment of the words that St. Paul tells us he heard from the Lord himself: “My grace is sufficient for you, for power is made perfect in weakness” (2 Cor 12:9). The pope may be physically weak, and for that he needs our prayers, our concern, our love. But he
See Model / 6
Catholic identity, mapping our future: The implications of the CARA report, part 4 7-10 Question Corner 16
PETER BAPTIZING CENTURION— The painting, “St. Peter Baptizing the Centurion,” by Francesco Trevisani, was a study for a never-completed mosaic for St. Peter Basilica. In Catholic churches everywhere on Holy Saturday, hundreds will become initiated into the church through the sacraments of baptism, confirmation, and Eucharist. In the Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau, 282 new members will join our ranks.
(CNS photo courtesy Vatican Museums) Cyan Yellow Magenta Black
2 The Mirror
March 18, 2005
alent of “Do not abandon us to temptation, but deliver us from evil.” If you just slapped your forehead in frustration, you are not alone. But if you immediately thought, “But I don’t want God to abandon me to temptation either!” I’m there with you. One with you. On your team. A colleague. Just please make sure your postage is adequate. The Italian bishops’ version is better, right? It makes it less obvious that we are praying to God not to directly lead us right up to some fat, juicy temptation and go, “Hah, you wormy little Christian wanna-be, resist that if you can!” The Italians are on the right track. Their suggested wording kind of makes it feel like we would be asking God not to accidentally let go of our hands and then have us trip off a curb of spiritual safety into a street racing with temptations—all the color of Yellow cabs with awful advertising about cigarettes and mouthwash on top of them. Anyway, I am going to write the Italian bishops and give them a big thanks for being sensitive to this issue. And the next time I secretly have those little funny mental gymnastics going on in my head when I recite the Our Father (they started when I was about seven), I will smile and think again about taking Italian lessons. ©CNS
Project Rachel ministry
here are many, many of you out there who have been worried for years about the Our Father. I know who you are. You have written me letters. You have agonized over the Our Father’s apparent suggestion that God would, in fact, lead us into temptation. Why would he do that? He wouldn’t, would he? But if he would not, then why are we asking him not to—that is, not to lead us into temptation? Well, I have good news and bad news for you. The Italian bishops seem to have been concerned about the same thing. They recently petitioned the Vatican to OK a new translation of the Our Father. Seriously. The revised wording—here comes the bad news for you who had forgotten it was coming—is the Italian equiv-
woman in my town dreaded going to Mass on Mother’s Day, found Respect Life month daunting and cringed at the anniversary of Roe v. Wade. She carried an oppressive secret: She once had an abortion. She felt outside the circle of forgiveness. These special occasions only made her pain worse. Then one day the priest used one of these events to pray, kindly, for women who had experienced abortion, and suddenly something lifted. It was the beginning of a healing journey. Within the past year, my Alaska archdiocese has launched a local Project Rachel, which is a ministry to Catholic women (and others are welcome) who have had an abortion. One of the project’s founders in Anchorage terms the healing that takes place “miraculous.” Pam Albrecht, coordinator of Project Rachel in Anchorage, told me that statistics indicate that women who identify themselves as Catholic have abortions at nearly the same rate as the general population. After talking to Pam, I felt a new awareness during Sunday Mass that post-abortion pain might be present around me in the crowded pews. Most women suffer in secret, said Albrecht. When one can talk about that secret, healing can begin. Toward the end of his encyclical “The Gospel of Life,” Pope John Paul II spoke compassionately to the woman who has had an abortion. “In many cases it was a painful and shattering decision,” says the pontiff. “The wound in your heart may not yet have healed.” He said, “The Father of mercies is ready to give you his forgiveness and his peace in the sacrament of reconciliation,” and “you will come to understand that nothing is definitively lost, and you will
FOR THE JOURNEY
also be able to ask forgiveness from your child, who is now living in the Lord.” If the pope can offer such words of hope and forgiveness, are we not called to extend the same? Another woman I know, now volunteering for Project Rachel in Anchorage, was a teenager when she walked into an abortion clinic in lower Manhattan 25-five years ago. Like many who experience abortion, she felt pressure, this time from a boyfriend who pushed her into the building past a gaggle of pro-life demonstrators. In the years following, she kept her abortion secret. Although she tried to justify her decision, she suffered emotional torment. Broken relationships, substance abuse, suicide attempts followed her like bad dreams from which she couldn’t awaken. “Each time I saw a newborn, a pregnant woman, each cry I heard, I ached inside,” she said. Today, she’s a wife and mother who has found peace and joy in her life through the sacrament of penance and a wonderful priest who “guided me through my walk of forgiveness. Later, when she heard that Project Rachel was forming in Anchorage, she felt called, she said, to share the wonderful gift of healing that had been given her. For information about Project Rachel in your area, go online to www.hopeafterabortion.com. ©CNS
Preserving the memory of Vatican II
THE HUMAN SIDE
Fr. Eugene Hemrick
tions are deprived of vital roots. The new generations are, in a sense, orphaned. The Second Vatican Council cared very much about upcoming generations. Its love for the liturgy and the spiritual strength the liturgy generates, especially in young people, encouraged it to take significant steps in the direction of renewal. No doubt some of us remember “Black Masses”—daily Masses in which the priest, facing the altar, recited prayers in Latin for the dead. Never once did we hear a homily on the Gospel. Although these Masses allowed us quietly to melt into our own prayer corner, they did little to inspire us to cherish the awesome mysteries we were celebrating. Active participation was minimal, depriving us of true community spirit. Oh, we were a community and actually felt like one, but it was a community that was hierarchically top heavy and vertical in its approach, lacking that sense that there is a horizontal dimension of the church through which we are linked with others around us in the congregation and deriving a wholesome richness from being one with others like us. Vatican II generated a spirit that said to the laity: “You are church, you are the people of God. You are just as responsible for the church as are the hierarchy. Become an active participant in the church and the liturgy, and help to bring the church’s spiritual beauty to the surface.” Vatican II spoke to the modern world and its people, saying in effect: “We don’t despise you. Rather, we are here to collaborate with you in making our world as God intended it to be. Science and technology are essentially good and can serve as ways to make our life reflect God’s life.” In embracing the modern world, Vatican II moved away from isolation and embraced the spirit of partnership, showing us the way to generate greater unity among Christians. These are but a few examples of the spirit of Vatican II that young Catholic adults need to “catch” in order to better appreciate the richness of their religious heritage. Thanks to Vatican II, today’s Catholics have a new, improved Christian world vision like none before. One hopes the finding that 57 percent of young Catholic adults never heard of Vatican II will be a wakeup call that motivates us to find more effective ways to root them in their Catholic tradition. ©CNS
ifty-seven percent of young Catholic adults have never heard of Vatican II.” That was one of many startling findings reported at a Feb. 18 meeting of church researchers from the Life Cycle Institute in The Catholic University of America in Washington and Le Moyne College in Syracuse, NY. When I heard this, my thoughts went back to a biblical text I had just read. It was about the Egyptians, who no longer had any memory of Joseph. Not knowing Joseph, they no longer respected his descendants, the Hebrews. That simple narrative contains several lessons. One lesson is that time moves on; nothing lasts forever. New generations tend to focus primarily on the present and to have their own agendas. Another lesson is that if someone or some institution isn’t preserving the memory of past generations, new genera-
March 18, 2005
The Mirror 3
est of all is not to sin. Next best, when we do sin, is to call sin “sin,” neither denying its reality nor rationalizing it into virtue. Worst of all is to sin and remain in sin. Acknowledging sin leads us to seek forgiveness from God and, if needed, from others. “If we say ‘we are without sin,’ we deceive ourselves, truth is not in us” (1 John 1:8). Sin is sometimes described as a transgression of God’s law. It can also be described as a rupture of our communion with God. Although sin can rightly be understood in both ways, it really is less an infraction of law than a betrayal of one’s personal relationship with God. Sin measures the distance between the type of person we are and the person we are called to be, namely,
Acknowledge sin, seek forgiveness WALKING B TOGETHER
Bp. John J. Leibrecht
a reflection of Jesus Christ. In this sense, sin is not related only to individual behaviors but to one’s personhood. Sin describes not so much what is unethical or illegal, as what is unholy. We are called to become holy, that is, to be in close relationship with God. To be holy also means that the personal relationship we have with God helps us deepen our relationships with others. Sin creates a distance between ourselves and God and, many times, between ourselves and others. The good news is that holiness is possible through the grace of Jesus Christ who died so that sin could be overcome. Feeling guilty over sin can be a blessing. Guilt is a recognition of one’s true moral condition. Some people seem convinced that feeling guilty is unhealthy. Certainly, guilt can be misplaced and experienced when it need not be. But healthy guilt over sin can become the occasion for enlivening one’s relationship with God. Guilt over sin can also prompt actions which build better relationships with others. We begin Holy Week this Sun., Mar. 20, with Matthew’s Gospel story at Mass about the passion and death of Jesus. In God’s mysterious provi-
9 a.m., Commemoration Lord’s entrance into Jerusalem
Sun., Mar. 20: Passion (Palm) Sunday St. Agnes Cathedral, Springfield Wed., Mar. 23: Chrism Mass St. Mary Cathedral, Cape Girardeau
7:30 p.m., Celebration of the Eucharist
Thurs., Mar. 24: Holy Thursday St. Mary Cathedral, Cape Girardeau
7:30 p.m., Evening Mass of Lord’s Supper
Fri., Mar. 25: Good Friday St. Mary Cathedral, Cape Girardeau
dence, the suffering and death of Jesus make it possible for us to have our sins forgiven. By dying on the cross, Christ opens the way for us to overcome our sinfulness and live with our hearts centered on God. Every follower of Christ is at the same time both holy and sinful, strong and weak. Holiness and sinfulness exist together. “I do not understand my own actions,” St. Paul writes. “I do not do what I want, but I do the very thing I hate” Rom. 7:15). No person of faith can listen to the story of the Lord’s passion and death without thinking of his or her own personal responsibility for those events because Scripture teaches that Christ died for our sins. Christ makes it possible for us to have command over our sins rather than our sins having command over us. He makes it possible that our weaknesses do not rule us. Christ can change the choices we make to please self, into choices we make for God and for our neighbors. Only the person who acknowledges the reality of sin in his or her own life has the opportunity of coming closer to God and others. Not acknowledging sin as “sin” stunts one’s growth as a person and as a follower of Jesus Christ. Becoming comfortable with our sinfulness inhibits further growth in our love of God and others. Palm Sunday’s passion story, which narrates sinfulness in others, invites us to recognize our own patterns of sinfulness with the hope that we will be lead into to a deeper love of God and one another.
The recent Feb. 28 issue of Newsweek magazine featured a story on Pope John Paul II titled “Precious Suffering.” Speaking to the sick of the world after his first release from the hospital, the Holy Father said, “Your suffering is never useless, it’s a precious thing.” Such a statement may not be understood by some, because the pope made it within the context of Catholic belief that suffering can be redemptive and spiritually helpful to others. In a 1984 treatise on suffering, Newsweek reports, John Paul II wrote that suffering is part of the human condition and “seems to belong to man’s transcendence.” Suffering is “one of those points in which man is in a certain sense ‘destined’ to go beyond himself.” Holy Week is a time when we think of the sufferings of Christ, as well as of our own sufferings and those of other people, including those we dearly love. John Paul II teaches that, as was the case with Jesus, our experiences of suffering “can best be answered with love.”
Advice for speakers
Take a lesson from the legend of Demosthenes: Fill you mouth with marbles and then give your speech. Each speech thereafter, put one less marble in your mouth. By the time you lose all your marbles, you’ll be a great orator. ©TM
How do we face our own suffering?
assion Sunday, Mar. 20, (also known as Palm Sunday) begins a time that is called “Great Week” or Holy Week, as it is popularly known. This time is specially set aside each year to remember our Lord’s passion, death, and resurrection. The church teaches that Holy Week has its purpose: The remembrance of Christ’s passion, beginning with his Messianic entrance into Jerusalem. (General Norms, 31). Liturgically, the days of Holy Week, from Monday to Thursday inclusive, have precedence over all other celebrations. During this period, it is not appropriate that baptisms or confirmations be celebrated. They are fittingly celebrated in the Easter Vigil. Today we celebrate our Lord’s triumphant entry into Jerusalem to accomplish his paschal mystery. In the Passion account, as narrated by Matthew the Evangelist, we hear the story of Jesus’ entry into Jerusalem that ends in his death. Even in his death, Jesus is triumphant as the centurion proclaims, “Truly, this was the Son of God” (Matthew 26:14-27:66). The
LIVING THE WORD
Mar. 20 - Mar. 26
God’s love for us, we share in Christ’s humanity. In doing so we, too, are victorious and no longer victims.
The Easter triduum
Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday of Holy Week are the last full days of Lent. The Easter triduum of the passion and resurrection of Christ is the culmi-
Fr. Bobby Manso
Father did not abandon his only son nor allow him to be put to shame (Isaiah 50: 4-7). Instead God exalted him and gave him the name above every other name, so that all may proclaim, “Jesus Christ is Lord” (Philippians 2:6-11). On Passion Sunday, we reflect on how we approach our own suffering. Some may regard it with fear and loathing. Others may avoid it at all cost. However, as followers of Christ, we have a special way of dealing with suffering: We face it with Christ. It is the prerogative of God to bring good out of evil, meaning out of absurdity, order out of chaos, life out of death, and redemption out of suffering. When we face our own suffering by calling out to the Lord and trusting in
nation of the entire liturgical year. Thus the Solemnity of Easter has the kind of preeminence in the liturgical year that Sunday has in the week. The Easter triduum begins with the evening Mass of the Lord’s Supper, reaches its high point in the Easter Vigil, and closes with evening prayer on Easter Sunday (General Norms, 18-19).
FAST & ABSTINENCE REGULATIONS
The law of fasting is to be observed on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday. “The law allows only one full meal a day, but does not prohibit the taking of some food in the morning and the evening” (Code of Canon Law, C. 1251). Everyone 18 years of age and under 59 years of age is obliged to follow the law of fasting. The law of abstinence is to be observed on all Fridays of Lent and on Good Friday. The law forbids the use of meat on these days. All persons 14 years of age and older are bound by the law of abstinence.
During Holy Week, a special Mass is celebrated called the Mass of chrism. This year Bp. John J. Leibrecht presided at the celebration of chrism in St. Agnes Cathedral on Thur., Mar. 17. The bishop will also celebrate the Mass of chrism in St. Mary Cathedral on Wed., Mar. 23. During the chrism Mass, the bishop blesses the oils that are used for the celebration of the sacraments. Thus he blesses the oil of catechumens, used to anoint catechumens as they prepare to enter the church. He also blesses the oil of the sick with which those who suffer from illness are anointed in the celebration of the sacrament of the sick.
See Suffering / 15
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March 18, 2005
Live the questions Saints highlight Holy Week
Who Do You Say I Am?: Meditations on Jesus’ Questions in the Gospels Sun., Mar. 20, 8-10 p.m.
CST (National Geographic) Search for the Ultimate Survivor From giants of unmatched size and strength to prehistoric “hobbitlike” people half the size of today’s human, scientists are reconstructing moments in time to find many different species competing for survival at the same time.
Fr. M. Basil Pennington, OCSO Hyde Park, NY: New City Press, 2005 ho do you say I am?” “Who are my mother and brothers?” “Has no one condemned you?” “Can any of you by worrying add a single moment to your lifespan?” Anyone familiar with the New Testament will recognize the questioner immediately. Jesus asked a lot of questions. Fr. Basil Pennington suggests that living with the questions of Jesus can bring us to a much richer perspective on our lives. “It is good to live in the question,” he says. “A pat answer is closed. It is finished. It goes nowhere and leaves little room for hope. A question opens space for us. It is full of possibility. Our faith, solid as it might be, is full of questions, and therefore full of life and hope.” Fr. Pennington allows readers to relate to Jesus as the rabbi who asks questions, answers questions, uses a question to block a question. Jesus’ challenges become jumpingoff points for meditation. He presents chapters on 15 separate questions of Jesus. Each chapter begins with the appropriate passage from scrip-
father. Whether you view Joseph as the patron of homeowners, workers, or fathers, this Paulist production delivers a wealth of information.
Thur., Mar. 24, 8:30-9 p.m.
CST (NBC) The Office Pilot episode of US version of a British sitcom about a documentary crew which comes to the Mifflin Office Supply Co. to observe the employees and learn about modern management.
Mon., Mar. 21, 9-10 p.m.
CST (Hallmark) Joan of Arc: Child of War, Soldier of God The story of faith and fervent belief in one’s mission begins at the height of France’s occupation by the English in 1425 when, at age 14, Joan hears a voice from God, demanding that she do something about the English, bringing together the French army. Stories of the saints don’t get any more inspirational than this, and Joan’s steadfast belief in her mission continues to resonate centuries later.
Edited by: Recy Moore
showing how they salvage support and community in their old age.
Fri., Mar. 25, 7-7:30 p.m.
CST (ABC) It’s the Easter Beagle, Charlie Brown The classic special produced and narrated by the late cartoonist Charles M. Schulz centers on Charlie and his friends getting ready for the big day.
Edited by: Joan Ward
ture and contains cultural and theological background to both the question and the answer Jesus received. Lessons for today are woven into the material along with Fr. Pennington’s personal reflections. For example, he says “Sin is never an obstacle to our being healed by the Lord. In fact, it is an admission ticket if we come for healing. …” Accept Fr. Pennington’s invitation to live the questions of the Gospels, reflect on their meaning, and allow them to bring clarity to your life. N
Wed., Mar. 23, 8-9:30 p.m.
CST (PBS) The Life and Times of Frida Kahlo Documentary about the Mexican artist, a 20th-century icon who became an international sensation in the worlds of modern art and radical politics.
Sat., Mar. 26, 7-9 p.m.
CST (ABC) Little House on the Prairie Premiere of a limited series airing on “The Wonderful World of Disney,” based on the classic tales of Laura Ingalls Wilder (not the 1970s television series) about a pioneer family’s brave travels across the rugged Kansas Territory at the turn of the last century. N
Tues., Mar. 22, 9-10 p.m.
CST (PBS) Sunset Story “Independent Lens” showcases a film about 81year-old Irja and her 95-yearold best friend, Lucille, residents at a senior citizen home for political progressives,
Thur., Mar. 24, 7-8 p.m.
CST (History Channel) Joseph: The Silent Saint Produced by Paulist Productions in association with Weller-Grossman Productions, the film explores the enigma that was Joseph, Jesus’ earthly
‘Robots’ features dazzling effects, all-star voices
Voices of Ewan McGregor, Halle Berry, Robin Williams 20th Century Fox obots” (20th Century Fox) is a technically dazzling but disappointingly formulaic animated feature about would-be inventor robot Rodney’s (voiced by Ewan McGregor) coming of age. The young robot leaves his parents (Stanley Tucci and Dianne Wiest)—with their blessing—to make his mark in far-off Robot City, run by a master inventor, Bigweld (Mel Brooks), whom he has idolized from afar. Once there, however, he learns that Bigweld is under the thumb of the evil
Reviewed by: Harry Forbes Edited by: William Bishop
Madame Gasket (Jim Broadbent!) and her powerhungry son, Ratchet (Greg Kinnear). Rodney eventually joins some misfit robot friends—the Rusties—to help defeat the villains who are consigning “outmoded” robots to the scrap heap. Director Chris Wedge’s overly busy follow-up to “Ice Age” is undermined by a merely serviceable script which substitutes some needlessly vulgar humor and a pat follow-your-dream sentiment
including Halle Berry, Drew Carey, Amanda Bynes, Paul Giamatti, James Earl Jones, and Jay Leno, the “bots” fail to have really distinct personSCENE FROM ANIMATED MOVIE ‘ROBOTS’— alities—their Animated characters Rodney Copperbottom, mechanized left, voiced by Ewan McGregor, and Fender, body parts voiced by Robin Williams, are pictured in a scene allowing from the movie “Robots.” The USCCB classifica- only limited tion is A-I—general patronage. The MPAA rating expression— is PG—parental guidance suggested. and the (CNS photo from 20th Century Fox) characters don’t really “pop.” Even Robin for true wit and originality. Williams—so fabulous in Despite the all-star voice cast,
Disney’s “Aladdin”—seems muted and not up to his usual standard in this setting, though he does have a couple of bright moments, including a brief musical sendup of Gene Kelly in “Singin’ in the Rain.” With the dearth of family entertainment, you could do worse than take the kids to “Robots.” Flaws notwithstanding, there’s no need to consign “Robots” to the chop shop for meltdown, like the film’s “outmodes,” but it could have been so much better. This film contains some questionable humor and innuendo and crass expressions. The USCCB classification is AI—general patronage. The MPAA rating is PG—parental guidance suggested. N
The Mirror: Newspaper of the Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau Publisher: Bishop John J. Leibrecht Editor: Leslie A. Eidson USPS Publication 117-330 Staff Assistants: Julie Pettyjohn, email@example.com; Karla S. Essner (FAX (573) 264-2630) Production: Glenn Eckl Circulation/Advertising: Joan Ward, firstname.lastname@example.org Published every week except the last week in December and every other week in June, July, and August, at 601 S. Jefferson, Springfield, MO 65806-3143. Address all communications to 601 S. Jefferson, Springfield, MO 65806-3143. Telephone (417) 866-0841, FAX (417) 866-1140. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to THE MIRROR, 601 S. Jefferson, Springfield, MO 65806-3143. When giving change of address, state both old and new address, also old and new parish. Subscription price, $14 per year. Periodicals postage paid at Springfield, MO, and additional mailing offices. Vol. XL No. 41 March 18, 2005 Single copy price, $0.50 Copyright © 2005, The Mirror, Catholic News Service, Religion News Service The Mirror E-mail address: email@example.com The Mirror On-Line: www.the-mirror.org
March 18, 2005
COLUMNS YEAR OF THE EUCHARIST
The Mirror 5
By John Hart
Bread of life, bread for life W
hile visiting a church in Mexico some years ago I noticed ahead of me in the courtyard a kneeling woman carrying a baby on her back. I thought she was a pilgrim fulfilling a “promesa”—a promise to God to travel from home to church on her knees if her prayers were answered. When I got closer, I was deeply moved upon seeing what she was doing. She was gathering into a cloth bag the grains of rice that had been scattered on the stones outside the church after a wedding. Outside a church where the bread of life had been shared during Mass, a hungry woman was harvesting bread for life for her infant and herself. We need bread for life, and we need the bread of life. The growls of a hungry child’s stomach can distract her and her parents from hearing even the best homily on spiritual food. Shortly before receiving the bread of life during Mass, we pray that God’s will be done “on earth as it is in heavmonth’s end, to the homeless man huddled near a heat vent on a city sidewalk, to the factory worker whose job went overseas and who must balance the cost of heating a
“So Easter pervades the entire year for the church’s people. You might say Easter is the norm, its message basic.”
en,” and we ask God to “give us this day our daily bread.” These petitions are related to each other. They link us to the welfare mother whose money for food is running out near freezing apartment with the cost of groceries for the family table. Pope John Paul II wrote that our eucharistic celebra-
tions are “authentic” when we are “in solidarity” with poor people. Solidarity, however, is harder than providing Thanksgiving food baskets. It takes the courage of someone like Brazil’s Abp. Helder Camara, who once remarked: “When I fed the poor they called me a saint. When I asked, ‘Why are the poor poor?’ they called me a communist.” The Last Judgment story, too, reminds us to feed the “least” of Jesus’ brethren. Charity and social change make this possible. Filled with the bread of life at Mass, we are commissioned to go forth to love and serve God and the community by providing bread for life for the least among us. When we do this, people will receive their rice as food shared by the church community, rather than gather it from church grounds by themselves. Then
God’s will assuredly will be done “on earth as it is in heaven.” Hart is professor of Christian ethics in Boston University School of Theology and author of the Paulist Press book, What Are They Saying About … Environmental Theology? ©CNS
Voice for Life—Pro-life T-shirt Day Order Form
National Pro-life T-shirt Day is Tues., April 26! Order your t-shirt today!
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TOKEN OF APPRECIATION—The people of St. Augustine Parish, Kelso, MO, recently hosted a Sunday morning breakfast in honor of their pastor, Fr. Oliver Clavin, to celebrate his ten years of service and friendship to the parish, school, and community. Parish council president Laura Glaus (right) presented Fr. Clavin with a nuptial chasuble and stole for use during marriage liturgies. In recognition of his well-know appreciation for fine Irish music, parishioners also gave their Irish-born pastor a Bose Wave radio/CD player. (Submitted photo)
# of shirts ordered: _____ x $5.00 each = __________ For orders outside a 30-mile radius from Cape Girardeau, MO please add $1.50/shirt for shipping expenses. = __________ Payment due at time of order = __________ Style #1: Storks Style #2: Life
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Safe Environment in-service
Mar. 22 6-9 p.m. Apr. 5 9 a.m.-noon Apr. 19 6-9 p.m.
St. Francis Xavier, Sikeston Pallotti Center, Springfield Immaculate Conception, Springfield
Artwork will be printed in white on a cornflower blue t-shirt - front only
Artwork will be printed in black and orange on a white t-shirt - front only
Artwork will be printed in white on a red t-shirt - front and back design
T-shirts are available fom “Voice for Life.” You may order additional t-shirts for parents, family, friends, etc. Please submit cash or check made out to “Voice for Life” with t-shirt order form.
Order deadline: Mon. Mar. 28, 2005
T-shirts will be distributed prior to Tues., Apr. 26, 2005 For more information, please call Mark Loos at (573) 335-6227 or Rosie San Paolo at (417) 883-0617. Mail order form and check to: Mark Loos, 150 Indian Pine Ln, Cape Girardeau, MO 63701
For more information call (417) 866-0841
6 The Mirror
March 18, 2005
Our Lenten model
From Page 1 is spiritually and morally strong, a powerful leader who goes before us as we follow the Lord to Calvary, teaching us that those who walk in
Parishes and organizations are invited to submit notices of future events to be printed in the Announcements. They will be printed on a space-available basis. There is no fee.
Share your thoughts firstname.lastname@example.org
fidelity will come at last to the brilliant dawn of Easter. This unsigned editorial appeared in the March 2005 issue of Catholic New York, newspaper of the Archdiocese of New York. ©CNS
Bolivar—Sacred Heart Parish will host a sock hop dance Fri., Apr. 8, 6-10 p.m., in McKenna Hall. Rock & roll and country dancing, karaoke, entertainment, food, prizes. Couples: $15, $12 in advance; individuals: $7.50, $6 in advance; children ages 5-10: $5, $4 in advance. Proceeds support the building fund. For more information call Hal Shaw, (417) 852-7023, or Randy Wesley, (417) 3265022. Kelso—St. Augustine Parish will host a familystyle ham and chicken and dumplings dinner Sun., Apr. 3, 11 a.m.-1:30 p.m., in the school. Adults: $7; children 6-11: $3; 5 and under: free. Carryouts available. For
more information call (573) 264-4724. Kimberling City—Our Lady of the Cove Parish will host a fish dinner Fri., Mar. 18, 4-7 p.m., in the parish center. Fried or baked fish with all the trimmings. Adults: $7; children $2; family: $18. For more information call (417) 739-4700. Ozark—St. Joseph the Worker Parish will sponsor a “mercado” (marketplace) at the Fiesta del Mayo, Sat., May 14, 8 a.m.-6 p.m., on the parish grounds. Booth space available; set-up fee: $12. For more information or to reserve space call Patty Kissinger, (417) 581-3414, or Jeanette Curtis, (417) 7250476, or visit www.saint josephozark.org/events.htm. Scott City—St. Joseph Parish will host a familystyle chicken dinner, country store, and bake shop Sun., Mar. 20, 11 a.m.-1:30 p.m., in the parish center. Eat in or carry out. Adults: $7; children 6-12: $3; under 6: free. For more information call (573) 264-2178. Scott City—St. Joseph Home & School will host its
second annual golf classic Wed., Apr. 27, 10 a.m. Entry deadline is Apr. 18. For more information call (573) 264-2600. Springfield— Contemplative Outreach of Springfield will host the 13th annual United Day of Prayer Sat., Mar. 19, 9 a.m.noon, in the Mid-America Cancer Center, rm. 116. Silent prayer, community sharing, film of Fr. Thomas Keating’s “Living Ordinary Life with Extraordinary Love,” refreshments. Donations requested. For more information call (417) 823-8359 or E-mail email@example.com. Springfield—There will be a Cursillo Ultreya Fri., Mar. 25, 7 p.m., in Holy Trinity Parish Center. For more information call Cas Manczuk, (417) 887-2378. O’Fallon, MO—The Sisters of the Most Precious Blood will host an interactive experience of religious life for single women ages 18-50, April 2-3, in their motherhouse. Reservations required by Mar. 25. For more information or reservations call Sr. Joann Fischer,
CPPS, (636) 240-3420 or Email vocationdir@cpps-of allon.org. Perryville, MO—The Sisters of the Most Precious Blood invite single Catholic women ages 18-50 to a mini-experience of religious community Sat., Apr. 23, 8:30 a.m.-8:30 p.m., in their convent. For more information or reservations contact Sr. Alice Falk, CPPS, (573) 547-7739 or E-mail srap firstname.lastname@example.org by Mar. 31. St. Louis—There will be a “Day of Recollection with Blessed Francis Seelos, CSsR,” Sat., Mar. 19, 10 a.m.-3 p.m., in St. Mary of Victories Church. For more information contact Mike Thomas, (314) 832-684 or E-mail email@example.com. St. Louis—The Office of Worship of the Archdiocese of St. Louis will host the Gateway Liturgical Conference Thurs., Apr. 7— Fri., Apr. 8, in the Adams Mark Hotel. Card. Francis Arinze, prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship, will be the keynote speaker. For more information call (314) 792-7230 or visit www.archstl.org.
In this edition
of the week
www.Inthe Armsof Mary.org
Via this Web site, In the Arms of Mary Foundation offers several reflection series for faith sharing, each series divided in four to six lessons. One featured series, “Conversion of the Heart,” is designed to broaden awareness of dignity as God’s beloved child, while emphasizing the need for continual conversion.
The Mirror On-Line
For holy feasts, Palestinians face circuitous route into Jerusalem Covering of crosses and images in Lent, and more on Mass intentions Author calls for increased dialogue between US, Muslims On papal suffering and God’s power: Interview with Abp. of Granada
The Mirror Announcement Policy: The Mirror will print announcements of future events if: (1) the announcement must be of diocesan or regional significance and not pertaining to only a particular parish; (2) the name of the event, the place, the time, the day, and the date is due in The Mirror office by 9 a.m. a minimum of 10 days before the first indicated publishing date; (3) announcements cannot be received over the telephone; (4) all announcements are subject to editing and approval by the editor. E-mail announcements to jward@ dioscg.org; FAX (417) 866-1140.
St. Joseph Catholic School, a Pre-K-7th grade parochial school of approximately 350 students in Fayetteville, Arkansas, is seeking a principal for 2005-2006. Persons seeking the position as our principal must be committed, practicing Catholics. In addition they should possess the following: a commitment to nurturing the Catholic identity of the school, with at least three years of teaching experience. A master’s degree in education administration or school administrator certification is preferred. Applicants should submit a cover letter, resume, and references by March 31 to Rev. Paul F. Worm, Pastor, St. Joseph Catholic Church, 1722 N. Starr Dr., Fayetteville, AR 72701 Salary is in accordance with diocesan guidelines.
Director of Religious Education
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau, MO, seeks a Director of Religious Education/CoDirector of RCIA. Applicant must be a practicing Roman Catholic. Must have ability to do adult education and to communicate through public speaking and writing, have strong organizational and managerial skills, and be willing to travel throughout the diocese. The position requires collaboration with The Catholic Center offices. Master’s in theology, religious education, or related field required. Knowledge of Spanish is desirable, but not necessary. Salary, excellent health benefits, and retirement based on diocesan guidelines. For further information or to request an application packet, please contact Ms. Janet Smith at (417) 866-0841. Send cover letter, resume, and completed application to Msgr. Thomas E. Reidy, Chancellor, The Catholic Center, 601 S. Jefferson Ave., Springfield, MO 65806-3143. Application deadline: Mar. 31, 2005.
Assistant principal needed for Immaculate Conception School (K-8) in Jefferson City, MO; a faith community with 520 students and 32 faculty. Applicants must be Catholic with at least three years of successful teaching, preferably in Catholic elementary school. Requirements include a master's degree and principal's certification or working toward it. For information contact Jennifer Cassmeyer at (573) 636-7680 (school) or (573) 681-0379 (home).
March 18, 2005
COLUMNS SPECIAL REPORT
The Mirror 7
Catholic identity, mapping our future:
A four-page section exploring implications of the CARA report—Part four:
The May 28, 2004 issue of The Mirror published “Diocese at a Glance,” a study conducted by the Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA) of Georgetown University. The study was commissioned in order to gain key information for greater awareness and understanding of one another. The challenge before the diocese is to determine how this information can help meet the needs of the future. Data used for the study is from Churches and Church Membership: 2000, collected by the Association of Statisticians for American Religious bodies and published by the Glenmary Research center in 2002. (The CARA study is available on the diocesan Web site, dioscg.org and The Mirror On-line, www.the-mirror.org). This final part of a four-part series looks at poverty. CARA reported that one in six persons in the diocese lives in poverty, compared to one in 10 in the US overall. Poverty status is determined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and incorporates total family income, total number in family, and ages of family members. Excluded from the poverty calculations are: institutionalized persons, those in military quarters, in college dormitories, and persons under the age of 18 living with unrelated persons. The CARA report stated: “In 1999, the poverty threshold for a family of four with two children under the age of 18 was $16,895.”
Part 1: Nov. 19, Identity
• Poverty • Poverty in the Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau
By Julie Pettyjohn Springfield
Carter County, respectively.
ne in six persons in the Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau lives in poverty, compared to one in 10 in the US as a whole. With regards to poverty, the Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA) looked at three categories of population in the diocese: those in poverty, 15.6 percent; those at risk of poverty, 18.6 percent; and those not in poverty, 65.8 percent. Family characteristics such as income, age, and size of family, were considered. The US poverty threshold was used as a dividing line to determine which group individuals represented. In 1999, the poverty threshold for a family of four with two children under the age of 18 was $16,895. Those below the US poverty threshold were considered to be in poverty. Those with incomes of 100 percent to 175 percent of the poverty threshold income level were considered at-risk for poverty. Individuals with higher incomes were grouped as not in poverty. The at-risk group represents people who live monthto-month. Something like loss of a job, serious illness, or death of one of the income providers could quickly move them into the poverty group.
Don Emge, diocesan director of social ministry, surveyed parishes this past year. One purpose for this was an attempt to get a representative sample of the dollar amount of charitable works of the diocese. Not all parishes responded, but enough, Emge felt, to qualify as a valid sample. Emge reported that the survey indicated that parishes within the diocese contribute approximately $1,075,000 each year to charitable works. “Given the fact that so many of our parishes are small and struggling to support Catholic schools, I find this to be a remarkable amount,” Emge wrote. Emge’s survey concluded that, “many parishes are involved in some effort to provide food to those in need, primarily through food pantries.” And, “the second most common service that they make available is service to transients where food, gas money, and lodging are frequently provided.” Emge said the reporting parishes with an existing St. Vincent de Paul group, the average size 13 members per parish and the groups are quite strong. Almost every parish, Emge said, cites some example of ecumenical or community cooperation. In many cases, he said, Catholics may not receive recognition for their roles, but an often-repeated phrase he hears from those members involved is, “I don’t care who gets the credit. I only care that the poor are being served.” ©TM
KIDS NEED HOPE, FUN—Some obvious results of poverty are lack of nutrition and poor housing. Whole Kids Outreach, (WKO) Ellington, MO, addresses a wide scope of poverty, such as geographic and social isolation. During a summer day camp in July 2004, Sr. Ruth Emke, SSND, and Sr. Luanne Boland, SSND, both from the St. Louis Province, taught lessons, dances, and other parts of African culture. WKO is one of many resources in the diocese. WKO serves at-risk kids in Reynolds, Carter, Wayne, Iron, Shannon, and parts of Butler counties. (Submitted photo)
“Many parishes are involved in some effort to provide food to those in need, primarily through food pantries.”
—Don Emge, director of social ministry
cese. (See map 6, p. 8.) This means that one parish may have different needs to address in its community from other parishes located elsewhere within the 25,719 square miles and 39 counties that make up our faith community in southern Missouri. Thirteen counties have poverty rates below the total diocesan 15.6 percent average. Four counties have a poverty rate even lower than the national average of 12.4 percent. Christian County has the lowest poverty level in the diocese of 9.4 percent. The highest level of poverty in the diocese is found in Pemiscot County where almost one in three people lives in poverty. This is closely followed by Shannon County and
A constant description of the diocese, in regard to the data explored in every issue of this series, is diverse. Levels of poverty and prosperity vary widely throughout the dio-
Part 2: Jan. 21, Race & Ethnicity
Part 3: Feb. 18, Aging
Part 4: Mar. 18, Poverty
8 The Mirror
COLUMNS SPECIAL REPORT
March 18, 2005
Health and developmental needs Catholic ide addressed by Whole Kids Outreach
By Melissa Gray Ellington, MO
A four-page section ex
ural poverty is oftentimes hidden. Instead of mothers and children lining up at the soup kitchen or vying for space in a homeless shelter as in urban areas, oftentimes the needs of the rural poor go unknown and unmet. It isn’t until the main roads and scenic destinations of south central Missouri are left and the back roads taken that poverty becomes evident. Sr. Anne Francioni, SSND, had a hard time coming to terms with the abject poverty in pockets of Missouri.
After all, major metropolitan areas like St. Louis, Springfield, and Cape Girardeau are just a few hours away, so how can families be living in shacks and dilapidated trailers? “There is a geographic and social isolation among the poor,” Sr. Francioni said. “You have to have the money to have a vehicle and have the value of self to seek appropriate care. “I know that in order to create an intervention that will work, one has to be culturally sensitive and listen,” Sr. Francioni continued. Sr. Rita Schonhoff, coordinator of Whole Health Outreach, (WHO) did that first, and we learned from her.”
Birth of WKO
Whole Kids Outreach (WKO) developed first as a part of WHO and was incorporated as a separate entity in January 1999. “The hope behind branching out on our own was that the organizational design of WKO would more readily meet the enormous health and developmental needs of women and children,” Sr. Francioni said. WKO serves the same geographic area as WHO: Reynolds, Carter, Wayne, Iron, and Shannon counties, in addition to starting RN home visits in Butler County in 2003. The target population that WKO serves includes chil-
dren, pregnant women, and their families. According to Missouri Vital Statistics and Kids Count data sources (2002), a growing number of young adults are beginning parenthood in communities with few resources and weakened family and community systems. Oftentimes, risk begins before birth with prenatal drug and alcohol use and abuse, inability of pregnant women to maintain a healthy diet, pre-
Map 6. Percent of the Total Population Living in Poverty: 2000 Diocese of Springfield - Cape Girardeau
Cedar Polk Barton Jasper Lawrence Newton McDonald Barry Dade Greene
Dent Texas Shannon Iron Madison Cape Girardeau Reynolds Bollinger Wayne Carter Howell Oregon Ripley Butler New Madrid Stoddard Scott Mississippi
Christian Stone Taney
Percent in Poverty Less than 15% 15% to 19.9% 20% to 24.9% 25% or more
The Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau has 15.6% of its population living in poverty
March 18, 2005
COLUMNS SPECIAL REPORT
The Mirror 9
ntity, mapping our future:
loring implications of the CARA report—Part three:
By Julie Pettyjohn Lebanon, MO
atal smoking, and lack of adequate renatal care. Children and pregnant women ving in poverty in the counties WKO erves are especially vulnerable to buse, inadequate social support, omestic violence, lack of transportaon, and insufficient medical care. dditionally, poverty and social isolaon place children at risk of adverse ealth outcomes resulting from chronfinancial strain, poor housing, and ecreased access to care. Since 1999, through WKO, more han 1,500 low-income mothers and heir children have received health ervices in their homes. “I personally believe that WKO is est serving the community by reachng out to those families most in need f support, health education, and other wholesome activities in a way that elps families to help themselves,” Sr. rancioni said. “By forming healthy, aith-based relationships with each ther and our program participants, we ot only address the transgenerational roblems of inadequate health care nd high rates of poverty, abuse and eglect, we also help build communiy.” In addition to the successful Day amp (The Mirror, July 23, 2004), WKO eaches out to the community in severl other effective ways.
Food network powered by volunteers
In addition to in-home services, WKO has center-based programs because supervised recreational opportunities for youth outside of the school environment are sadly lacking in the area. A bi-monthly Mom’s-Day-Out program, a Circle Kids Horseback Riding program, swimming lessons, and the Share-A-Toy Christmas store provide kids with a time of relaxed play and sense of freedom. Hopefully, participants gain an increased ability to identify and verbalize feelings, healing of emotional wounds, an appreciation for how others feel, a deepening ability to care, and the ability to demonstrate empathy. And most importantly, the experiences provide an opportunity for parents and guardians to see their children in a positive light. Other programs planned are: Families Growing Together, father-son and father-daughter activities, and hunter/fisher education classes. Sr. Francioni also plans an expansion of the outreach programs thanks to a generous grant by the Missouri Foundation for Health, a philanthropic organization whose vision is to improve the health of the people in the communities it serves. Plans are underway to bring in a social worker to augment current outreach and centerbased programs, to develop support groups for parents with children with developmental disabilities, and further the equine-assisted mental health components of the Circle Kids Horseback Riding Club.
f you eat, you qualify. That’s the motto for Heartland SHARE. And volunteer work is what powers the program. SHARE, an acronym for Self Help and Resource Exchange, rewards volunteer service in a community with a large savings on food that may be purchased for one’s family or as a contribution or gift to someone in need. A share of food, which consists of about 15 food items, may be purchased monthly at savings of up to 50 percent, plus two hours volunteer work anywhere in the community. Volunteer work includes things like being a 4-H leader, coaching a soccer team, singing in the church choir, picking up trash along the road, mowing lawns, visiting homebound, and countless other things.
food. Shares are available to pick up on the third Saturday of each month. Each share costs around $19. Madison said she is amazed at the people who are willing to volunteer and help. And there are many who purchase shares to donate to others who are disabled or otherwise unable to do the required volunteer work and for those who cannot afford to pay for the food.
What’s in a share?
Madison said each month a regular food share is available for the cost plus two volunteer hours. A meat special is also available for purchase and requires one additional hour of volunteering somewhere in the community. This month, for Easter, the meat special will include ham. For April, the meat special will consist of boneless, skinless chicken breasts; lean ground beef patties; boneless pork chops; and rib-eye steaks. According to Madison, the regular share package this month includes: cocktail smokies; lobster cakes; five vegetable packages; breaded chicken chunks; breaded chicken legs; apples; oranges; lemons; potatoes; and chocolate chip cookies. The menu varies each month.
Helen Madison, St. Francis de Sales Parish, Lebanon, first heard about Heartland SHARE at a presentation to St. Francis de Sales Parish Council of Catholic Women (PCCW). Now, she and about 10 volunteers host a site in Lebanon to distribute food each month. Madison said the parish does not sponsor them, but the parish allows them to use the church building to distribute the food each month. In July 2004, the first month for the site in Lebanon, about 15 people purchased shares. Madison said around 70 participated before the holidays, and this month there are 55 purchasing shares. Madison explained how the over-all program works. Heartland SHARE is non-denominatinal and does not receive any government funding. No one has to qualify by income. It is not a charity, but instead promotes volunteerism. A purchasing staff from a Topeka, KS warehouse is able to buy produce directly from farmers and to get bulk-rate prices from food companies. Food is then brought by trucks to host sites. To receive deliveries from Topeka, a site must be able to purchase a minimum of 100 shares. Since Lebanon’s site does not purchase that much, volunteers from the site in Lebanon travel to another site in Nixa, MO to pick up their food shares. They bring the food in large cases to Lebanon. Volunteers then separate the food items. Those who have previously signed up for shares, come to the parish to purchase the
Carl Shelton, a businessman from San Diego, CA, felt called by the Lord. He left his job and became an ordained Catholic deacon. Following an opportunity to spend several months with Blessed Mother Teresa in India, Shelton returned home with a goal to start a food program with no government involvement and an emphasis on people helping people. In 1983 Shelton started SHARE. In 1991, SHARE was brought to Topeka, KS. Heartland SHARE serves over 375 sites in Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Missouri.
Resource Mothers Program
The Resource Mothers Program RMP) utilizes a lay health outreach model to promote access to prenatal are and education through home viss by trained childbirth educators, outeach specialists. Outreach specialists follow the arents through the first year of the nfant’s life, providing up-to-date pregancy, childbirth, and infant care, safey information, and education, as well s assisting parents in adapting to their ew roles as parents.
Some of the Heartland SHARE sites in the diocese are: Carl Junction, Carthage, Joplin, Kimberling City, Lebanon, Monett, and Nixa. Madison said she is available to speak to groups about the program. And she gave permission for her phone number to be published for anyone interested in becoming a part of Heartland SHARE. “Once they try it, they usually keep coming back,” Madison said. “I wish more people would be open to it.” For more information, contact Madison at (417) 588-1228. On the Web: www.heartlandshare.com ©TM
Change takes time
WKO has made a dent in the unmet wellness needs of expectant parents and families with young children in south central Missouri, and if the growth since its inception is an indicator, WKO will reach many more people. “Change won’t happen in a short period of time. It is going to take generations to truly get under the problems that this community has. A lot of it is rural living, but much of it can be changed,” Sr. Francioni said. “We need to look at the economy, value systems, and teaching them what they don’t know. We just have to start from where they are and build from there.” ©TM
Maternal-Child Visiting Nurse Program
The Maternal-Child Visiting Nurse Program (MCVNP) provides vising RNs who work in close collaboraon with outreach specialists to assess nd promote health-related needs of regnant and parenting mothers and heir infants.
Part 1: Nov. 19, Identity
Part 2: Jan. 21, Race & Ethnicity
Part 3: Feb. 18, Aging
Part 4: Mar. 18, Poverty
10 The Mirror
COLUMNS SPECIAL REPORT
March 18, 2005
Catholic identity, mapping our future:
A four-page section exploring implications of the CARA report—part three featuring:
• Poverty • Texas County Food Pantry reaches out to poor
By Julie Pettyjohn Houston, MO
n the mostly rural setting of Texas County, many people live with the effects of poverty. Unemployment, poor housing, and a lack of adequate education makes it difficult for some to envision a better life. The Texas County Food Pantry (TCFP) in Houston, MO, is in its 15th year of serving those in need. Sr. Clare Reinert, SSND, executive director, recently discussed some reasons for the high poverty rate in Texas County, as well as the ministry programs offered by the TCFP. When Sr. Reinert came to her position as executive director two years ago, she was shocked to see the poor housing. She found many people living in old trailer courts. In Houston, she said, there are many senior citizens who live in small houses supplied by HUD. Although it’s essential to offer food and assistance to people, Sr. Reinert said they also try to put education into their giving at TCFP. A GED program is offered at the local public school in Houston, and Sr. Reinert would like to someday see a literacy program and a children’s reading program. About one in 10 persons who come to the TCFP cannot read or write. Lack of proper education has a huge effect upon poverty.
Sr. Reinert said there is a heavy drop-out rate for high school students. She also sees a lot of teen pregnancy in the area. “There is 8 percent unemployment here,” Sr. Reinert said. And there is not a great deal of opportunity for employment. The area is rural. Many are, or once were, farmers. But even farming has changed. There is now more technology required to keep a
farm prosperous. For some, this has meant selling their farm to conglomerates. TCFP does not require anything of their recipients. But, when possible, they like to encourage them to offer eight hours or so of volunteer work at the TCFP. Time spent volunteering is educational in itself.
One program still in its
Acts of Charity and Justice in The Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau
Top responses from parishes participating in a recent survey: Local contributions collected by: • special collections • parish budget Contribute outside local community to: • foreign mission • other parishes • charitable organizations Works of justice: • food pantries • other • thrift shops Aid to transients: • food • gas/bus tickets • lodging Charity participation: • community cooperation • St. Vincent de Paul Jail ministry: • 60 percent involved Elderly ministry: • hospital, nursing home • Communion to shut-ins • social activities Data collected by the diocesan office of social ministry.
beginning stage is offered with assistance from the Missouri Division of Labor, which sends an employment counselor to the facility once a month to meet with persons and discuss how to locate and apply for a job. After the initial one-on-one meeting, the counselor will follow up with people either by computer or telephone. There were five programs at the time of the interview, which had been thriving for quite awhile, offering hope to many in need—a food program; emergency assistance; medical prescriptions; thrift store; and Loretta House. The food program is actually two programs, one for families, and one for seniors. The first supplies food commodities to about 415 families each month. It is not designed to supply all their needs, Sr. Reinert said, but to supplement their other food purchases. People qualify based on income. An additional food program is a senior nutrition program. Through collaboration with Ozark Food Harvest, 189 people, age 60 and older, receive a food box valued at $45 per box. It is generally filled with cereal, milk products, cheese, fruits, vegetables, juice, and pasta or rice. Sr. Reinert explained that seniors usually do not qualify for as many food stamps as families. The additional program is necessary for their nutritional needs. An emergency assistance program is made available through a grant from the Missouri Housing Trust Fund. Those eligible receive assistance for rent, housing, and utilities. A medical prescription program helps over 600 people. A patient advocate on staff at TCFP works with doctors and pharmaceutical companies to help people who need medicine and can’t afford it. TCFP does not supply pain killers.
Sr. Reinert said their thrift store keeps their operating expenses in line. A shoe store within the thrift store is very popular. And at Christmas, many people shop there for toys. For those who cannot afford to pay for things, they are given vouchers which may be used in the thrift store. Loretta House offers a place for women to gather and talk about things that are important to them. It is not a shelter. It is a place for women to discuss issues and needs in the community that pertain to women.
In addition to grants and help through federal and state assistance, Sr. Reinert said the food pantry receives some support from the ministerial alliance and also the city commission. A big source of strength for their operation, Sr. Reinert said, comes from their many volunteers. They pick up food, bag food, sort clothes, do building repair, and help with fundraising. “There is no established Salvation Army in the area,” Sr. Reinert said, “so our volunteers are the bell ringers at Christmas time.” She said they collected more money this past Christmas than ever before, $9,300. From their collections, the volunteers send 15 percent to the Salvation Army headquarters in St. Louis. They keep 85 percent of money collected for the poor in Texas County. Sr. Reinert is continually looking ahead, hoping for new programs, and praying for solutions to the state of poverty. “We have to reach out more to move ahead,” Sr. Reinert said. ©TM
Part 1: Nov. 19, Identity
Part 2: Jan. 21, Race & Ethnicity
Part 3: Feb. 18, Aging
Part 4: Mar. 18, Poverty
March 18, 2005
COLUMNS INTERNATIONAL NEWS
The Mirror 11
Catholic family’s campaign for justice pressures Sinn Fein, IRA
Belfast, Northern Ireland
Catholic family’s campaign for justice has put increasing pressure on the Irish nationalist party Sinn Fein and its military wing, the outlawed Irish Republican Army. As pressure escalated, family members of murdered Catholic Robert McCartney said they have been invited to the White House for St. Patrick’s Day. McCartney, 33, a forklift driver from the small Catholic enclave of Short Strand in Belfast, was stabbed to death after a pub brawl Jan. 30. McCartney’s five sisters and his fiancee maintain that more than 70 people witnessed the incident, but because the murder involved IRA members witnesses are afraid to give evidence to police. Family members say the IRA is involved in a cover-up, and they rejected an IRA offer to shoot those involved in the killing. They say they want those responsible for the murder to be tried in a court of law. The IRA says it has expelled three people involved in the killing. In its campaign against British rule in Northern Ireland, the IRA does not allow those living in the areas it controls to have any dealings with the police. Instead, the organization has its own “justice system”: punishment beatings, expulsion orders, or executions of those it deems guilty of crime. Sinn Fein refuses to be involved with the Northern Ireland police, and its position has been a major obstacle in the regional peace process, designed to end more than three decades of sectarian strife. The British and US governments expressed outrage at the IRA’s proposal to shoot responsible parties; both governments said March 9 that the IRA must disband, and Sinn Fein must distance itself from the guerrilla group. In an ecumenical lecture in Dublin, Ireland, March 3, Abp. Sean Brady of Armagh, Northern Ireland, said: “The courage and determination of
the McCartney family to ensure justice for their brother, Robert, has been an outstanding example of how the power of love, the love of another person, the love of noble ideals such as justice, fairness, and freedom, can rise up and render transparent and weak the efforts of others to bully, frighten, and control whole communities.” The archbishop referred to the late Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., and said that in his 1963 “I Have a Dream” speech, the US civil rights leader “took up the biblical theme of the slow, often uncertain journey of God’s people from captivity to the land of freedom and promise.” “What is certainly becoming clearer every day is that a fundamental shift is taking place in the peace process,” Abp. Brady said. “People want the real thing. They want transparency and accountability. They want prosperity and freedom. They want local power and effective law and order. They want actions, not words. “It is only when this begins to happen, when the people themselves begin to take responsibility again for the pursuit of peace, for exposing the contradictions within their own community, as well as in others, that a truly new dawn for Northern Ireland will really begin to emerge. I believe that the current impasse, if handled properly, if faced up to with courage, integrity, and a concern for the common good, could turn out to be that moment of darkness before the dawn. “And when it comes, those who in the name of Jesus have constantly rejected violence and sought the good of others as well as themselves will be able to join together in singing ‘Free at last! Free at last! Thank God almighty, we’re free at last,’” the archbishop said. The archbishop told journalists it was time for Catholics in Northern Ireland to set aide reservations about the police force and “assume their full civic responsibility for an agreed and representative system of law and order.”
Protestants and Catholics increasingly live in separate communities. Under terms of the 1998 Good Friday Agreement, a power-sharing government was set up for Northern Ireland, but it has been suspended several times. For nearly eight months, the peace process has been at a stalemate because the Democratic Unionist Party is refusing to share power with Sinn Fein. Unionists say they do not have sufficient evidence that the IRA has ceased its campaign of violence; Sinn Fein offiSISTERS OF SLAIN MAN APPEAL FOR JUSTICE—Catherine and Paula McCartney are two of six sisters of Robert McCartney, who was cials say the unionists stabbed to death Jan. 30 following an argument in Belfast, Northern simply are unwilling to power with Ireland. The six sisters are taking a stand to bring their brother’s share Catholics. killers to justice in a court of law. (CNS photo by C. Lopez-Barillas) Unionist fears about the IRA remaining active In Washington March 9, in their community.” the White House would not For decades, Northern increased after a Dec. 20 bank confirm that McCartney’s Ireland has been plagued by raid in which 26.5 million family would be at the presi- sectarian violence between pounds (US$49.6 million) dent’s St. Patrick Day celebra- unionists, who are mainly was taken from the headtions. An earlier White House Protestant and favor contin- quarters of the Northern statement said US Pres. ued British rule, and national- Bank in Belfast. No one has George W. Bush would meet ists, who are mainly Catholic been charged with the robwith Irish Prime Minister and want Northern Ireland bery, but the Chief Constable Bertie Ahern, after which the reunited with the Irish of the Police Service of president would “greet civil Republic. The number of vio- Northern Ireland, Hugh society leaders from Northern lent incidents has decreased Orde, has said he believes the Ireland who are working to in recent years; some specu- IRA was responsible for the ©CNS promote peace and tolerance late that this may be because heist.
Pope: Catholics need confession
By Cindy Wooden Vatican City
atholics must remember that they may not receive Communion if they have committed a serious sin and have not gone to confession, Pope John Paul II said. In the year the church has dedicated to the Eucharist, it is important to remind people of the importance of going to confession, the pope said in a message sent from Rome’s Gemelli hospital. The pope’s message was addressed to priests taking a course Mar. 12 at the Apostolic Penitentiary, a Vatican court dealing with matters related to confession and questions of conscience. “Only one who has a sincere awareness of not having committed a mortal sin can receive the body of Christ,” the pope said in his message. The prayers of the Mass underline the need for “purification and conversion,” he said, citing the initial penitential rite, the sign
of peace, and the prayers immediately before the reception of the Eucharist. The pope said the Gospel readings of Lent “help us to better understand the value of this unique priestly ministry.” “They show the Savior while converting the Samaritan woman, becoming a source of joy for her; he heals the man born blind, becoming a source of light for him; he raises Lazarus from the dead and shows how life and resurrection defeat death, the consequence of sin,” the pope wrote. “His penetrating gaze, his word, and his judgment of love enlighten the conscience of those he meets, provoking their conversion and profound renewal,” Pope John Paul said. The pope said that in an age when people seem to forget about God and ignore the reality of sin, priests and religious educators must work even harder to help people understand that Christ is calling them to conversion, “which presupposes a conscious confession of their sins and the request for forgiveness and salvation.” ©CNS
12 The Mirror
March 18, 2005
Next teen movie
COMING OF AGE
Hollywood puts out a different version of this every year, and it rakes in millions. You think we would catch on to this, but then the next year comes along and we flock to the next teen movie to watch the same events take place. Why? Because we live it. We all have had those dreams about some guy or girl we don’t know, someone we are convinced we love, and in our heads we say, “If he would go out with me, I would wear this, lose this much weight, or ditch my friends.” Then, just like in the movies, we realize she isn’t all that our dreams made her out to be. We changed to fit that dream. So, in your life, skip the middle part of the movie. Don’t try to change your image, lose some weight, or ditch your friends so that someone else will dig you. Skip to the part at the end of the movie when you realize that you are who you are, and that is good— when you realize your friends and studies are more important than that romantic dream. Let the credits roll without all the drama of forgetting who you are in order to date someone who isn’t any good for you anyway. Realize you don’t need this particular drama in order to feel good about yourself. And then you can buy a ticket to next year’s teen drama. ©CNS
NDHS Lenten giving
reams sometimes start when you’re asleep. Sometimes dreams come when you are in class and shouldn’t be dreaming, and sometimes they come when you realize your potential in sports, academics, or communication. I’m sure I’m not alone when I say that we all have dreamed about dating someone in class or lockers next to us. This is probably more common in bigger schools where there is a chance you may not know everyone around you. It is easy to slip into a dream-like coma imagining how you two could be going to dances together, going to the movies together, or laughing together on a Friday night. These dreams make their way onto your notebook as you scribble each other’s names together with doodles all around them; even the scribbles say things like, “I Love …” or “Me and … forever.” I have seen these colorful creations all over notebooks in class where notes from the teacher should be instead. And although boys may not doodle all over their notebooks about a girl, they still find themselves living in this fantasy world, dreaming about how it would be to go out with the girl who sits across the room from them in geometry. Every teen movie outlines this scenario so commonly. A young girl falls in love with the coolest guy in school. She then changes everything about herself so she can get him to ask her out. Then, of course, as all teen movies go, she finds out he is really a jerk and realizes she ditched all her friends for this guy because of the fantasy she had about him before she got to know him. I think I can safely say that
hen I sat down to write this article, I didn’t know how to start. My twoyear-old sister then entered the room; she asked me to hold her. I told her I needed help. She said, “Otay,” and then gave me a kiss on my cheek. She reminded me how important my family is to me. They are the reason I take so much pride in my faith. And they are the reason Lent is a special time in my life. Lent is personally a very special time for me, especially this year. Being my senior year, these are my last days in the halls in Notre Dame Regional High School and with my friends. I am trying to make the most out of these last months. This Lent, I am really concentrating on being a better person. In February I was honored with one of the 12 seats on the senior Franciscan New York Mission Trip. This is a sixday trip to Brooklyn, NY, serving the poor. Two other Franciscan high schools are also involved with this trip: One from North Carolina and one from New York. I want to sacrifice my time and energy on this trip to help others, just as Jesus sacrificed his own life for all of us. That is really what Lent is all about; sacrificing ourselves for others, like Jesus did. In Notre Dame, this idea is taken to heart. Along with the New York Mission Trip, the school is also raising $4,000 dollars to build a new house in Kenya for Joyce Ayieko, a friend of Tyler LeGrand, a junior in Notre Dame. They live in a very dilapidated house with no running water or common household necessities. Notre Dame is trying to provide this family a decent place to live. The new home will have running water,
YOUTH IN THE LIGHT
Rita Jo Dirnberger
a bathroom, wood floors, and be strong enough to withstand the harsh Kenyan conditions. Homecoming Week 2005 included many projects to raise money for the Kenyan Family. The week before Easter, each Notre Dame student will also go to a service site and give their time to the community. That day is focused on giving to others. And the next day we have an all-school retreat. That is the introduction to our Easter break. Many people stereotype Lent as a time to give something up, like food, TV, or an old habit. But in Notre Dame we are doing more than that; our focus is reaching out to others. The feelings surrounding Lent at ND are not those of sadness, but those of joy. The Lenten season at Notre Dame is filled with celebrating: Celebrating the Eucharist, celebrating Homecoming Week, celebrating the community, and serving the poor. Lent at Notre Dame is a time for celebration for the life-altering gift of the Lord. Rita Jo Dirnberger is a member of St. Mary Cathedral, Cape Girardeau, where she serves as organist. A soccer player and manager, Dirnberger co-edits the yearbook, is a member of the National Honor Society, Concert Choir, FCCLA, and Spirit Club. She is also a Senior Girl Scout who has achieved Gold Award status. ©TM
Abp. Romero: The 25th anniversary
MAKING A DIFFERENCE
Colombia, that “institutionalized sin” was crushing the majority of Latin Americans and that the universal church should support a preferential option for the poor, he wanted nothing of it; he wholeheartedly protected the status quo. One priest who worked with Abp. Romero, Fr. Inocencio Alas, recalled key moments leading to the archbishop’s dramatic conversion. According to Father Alas, the archbishop began realizing that the poor laborers waiting for work at the coffee plantations were sleeping on the sidewalks. “What can be done?” Abp. Romero asked. Fr. Alas replied: “Look at that big house where the school used to be. Open it up!” And so Abp. Romero did. Next he started talking with those poor workers and began to understand their problems. As Abp. Romero continued his search for the truth, he had difficulty believing Fr. Alas’ claim that plantation owners treated workers unjustly. After visiting the plantation, Abp. Romero said to Fr. Alas, “You were right Father, but how is so much injustice possible?” Fr. Alas replied, “This world so full of injustices is exactly what they were talking about in Medellin.” As the poor began speaking out for justice, the ruling military junta— in union with several powerful Salvadoran families—began murdering them. When priests, sisters, and lay leaders began speaking on behalf of the poor, they too became targets of the military. A shameful chapter in American history reveals that the US government supplied the brutal Salvadoran military with millions of dollars in weapons and training. In a letter to Pres. Jimmy Carter, Abp. Romero warned that continued US aid to El Salvador’s government “will surely increase injustices here and sharpen the repression.” Abp. Romero asked Carter to stop all military assistance to the Salvadoran government. Carter ignored Abp. Romero. Later, Pres. Ronald Reagan increased military aid. Finally, with tremendous courage, Abp. Romero called on soldiers—“uniformed peasants”—to exercise civil disobedience. “The campesinos you kill are your own brothers and sisters.” Shortly afterward, Abp. Romero was assassinated. Oscar Romero, holy archbishop, through your example and prayers may we be moved to tirelessly care for the poor and oppressed, and courageously to speak out on their behalf. Amen. ©CNS
ar. 24, 2005, is the 25th anniversary of the assassination of the holy archbishop from El Salvador, Oscar Romero. Since he was murdered while celebrating the Eucharist, it is fitting that this anniversary falls on Holy Thursday. Following Jesus’ example, Abp. Romero said shortly before his death: “My life has been threatened many times. I have to confess that as a Christian I don’t believe in death without resurrection. If they kill me, I will rise again in the Salvadoran people. … My death will be for the liberation of my people.” However, Abp. Romero was not always a courageous voice for the oppressed. In her book, Oscar Romero: Memories in Mosaic, Maria Lopez Vigil writes that in his early years as a bishop Abp. Romero was politically cautious. Even when the Latin American bishops pronounced at their gathering in Medellin,
March 18, 2005
The Mirror 13
2005 Voice for Life contest winners
Kindergarten 1st Place: Mallory Schmidt, St. Lawrence, Monett 2nd Place: Brooke Essner, St. Vincent de Paul, Cape Girardeau Honorable Mention: Anna Graves, St. Mary, Joplin 1st Grade 1st Place: Christina Scherer, St. Augustine, Kelso 2nd Place: Bailey Dame, Guardian Angel, Oran Honorable Mention: Kara Delvillar, St. Joseph, Springfield 2nd Grade 1st Place: Isaac Long, St. Lawrence, Monett 2nd Place: Grant Ressel, St. Augustine, Kelso Honorable Mention: Stephanie Worth, St. Denis, Benton 3rd Grade 1st Place: Mary Wichmer, Immaculate Conception, Springfield 2nd Place: Kylie Spence, St. Eustachius, Portageville Honorable Mention: Denai Arnzen, St. John, Leopold 4th Grade 1st Place: Valerie Kellams, St. Eustachius, Portageville 2nd Place: Hailey Enderle, St. Ambrose, Chaffee Honorable Mention: Chelsea Hastings, St. Vincent de Paul, Cape Girardeau
o follow are the 2005 Voice for Life Contest winners:
Ambrose, Chaffee Honorable Mention: Benjamin Frish, Immaculate Conception, Springfield
7th Grade 1st Place: Jackie Bader, St. Ambrose, Chaffee 2nd Place: Emily Messmer, St. Joseph, Scott City Honorable Mention: Emma Pruett Immaculate Conception, Springfield 8th Grade VOICE FOR LIFE CONTEST—T-shirt design 1st Place: Nicole by Emma Verstraete, 5th grade, St. Lawrence school, Monett, MO. Verstraete is the catagoBateson, Holy ry’s 2nd place winner. (Submitted graphic) Trinity, Springfield Joseph, Scott City 2nd Place: Samantha Schaefer, Honorable Mention: Le Ann St. Ambrose, Chaffee Verhoff, St. Lawrence, Monett Honorable Mention: Logan Davis, St. Joseph, Scott City 7th Grade 1st Place: Rachael Beard, St. 9th Grade Agnes, Springfield 1st Place: Jessica Kratz, 2nd Place: Sean Doyle, St. Immaculate Conception, Ambrose, Chaffee Springfield Catholic High Honorable Mention: Rebecca School (SCHS), Springfield Younker, St. Mary, Pierce City 2nd Place: Cory Clemensen, SCHS, Springfield 10th Grade 1st Place: Ryann Pinney, St. Agnes, SCHS, Springfield 2nd Place: Cassie Parker, St. Elizabeth Ann Seton, SCHS, Springfield 11th Grade 1st Place: Lisa Gunderson, Holy Trinity, SCHS, Springfield 2nd Place: Laura Rues, St. Agnes, SCHS, Springfield 12th Grade 1st Place: Karelee Mantei, St. Agnes, SCHS, Springfield 2nd Place: Benjamin John Wessel, St. Agnes, SCHS, Springfield
8th Grade 1st Place: Natalie Van Pelt, Immaculate Conception, Springfield 2nd Place: Elliot Scott, Immaculate Conception, Springfield Honorable Mention: Abby Zender, St. Agnes, Springfield
Hawes, Immaculate Conception, Springfield
10th Grade 1st Place: Holly Fluech, Sacred Heart, Poplar Bluff 11th Grade 1st Place: Ryan Gafarean, SCHS, Springfield 2nd Place: Lauren Cervellere, Immaculate Conception, SCHS, Springfield
7th Grade 1st Place: Zac Pierce, St. Denis, Benton 2nd Place: Shelbie Unrat, Sacred Heart, Poplar Bluff Honorable Mention: John McLain, St. Vincent de Paul, Cape Girardeau 8th Grade 1st Place: Natalie Meyle, St. Agnes, Springfield 2nd Place: Joseph Salamone, Sacred Heart, Poplar Bluff Honorable Mention: Toni Pfau, St. Vincent de Paul, Cape Girardeau 11th Grade 1st Place: Mary Graham, SCHS, Springfield 2nd Place: Julie Mumm, Immaculate Conception, SCHS, Springfield
5th Grade 1st Place: Evan Haley, St. Agnes, Springfield 2nd Place: Sam Schwartz, Immaculate Conception, Springfield Honorable Mention: Kaci Howard, St. Vincent de Paul, Cape Girardeau 6th Grade 1st Place: Jon Little, St. Vincent de Paul, Cape Girardeau 2nd Place: Patrick Nace, St. Agnes, Springfield Honorable Mention: Mary Kate
5th Grade 1st Place: Katie Renkoski, St. Agnes, Springfield 2nd Place: Emma Verstraete, St. Lawrence, Monett Honorable Mention: Sarah Loos, St. Vincent de Paul, Cape Girardeau
Yust wins second state title
3rd Grade 1st Place: Lexi Witt, St. Mary, Pierce City 4th Grade 1st Place: Lauren Alexander, Immaculate Conception, Springfield 2nd Place: Abbie Kennedy, St. Ann, Carthage 5th Grade 1st Place: Jessica Menz, Guardian Angel, Oran 2nd Place: Dani Noel Roosman, St. Vincent de Paul, Cape Girardeau Honorable Mention: Alex Ayala, Holy Trinity, Springfield 6th Grade 1st Place: Michaela Cobb, St. Joseph, Scott City 2nd Place: Miranda Estes, St.
5th Grade 1st Place: Taylor Wichert, St. Vincent de Paul, Cape Girardeau 2nd Place: Kelly Kapp, St. Vincent de Paul, Cape Girardeau Honorable Mention: Matthew Harper, St. Denis, Benton 6th Grade 1st Place: Nick Tonjuk, Immaculate Conception, Springfield 2nd Place: Lindsey Ressel, St.
CHAMPION WRESTLER—Seneca High School varsity wrestler Joe Yust took first place in the Class 2, 145 lb. weight class at the 2005 MSHSAA Wrestling Championships the weekend of Feb. 17-19, 2005, in Columbia. The junior wrestler celebrated an undefeated season (51-0) and improved his winning streak to 84 wins and his high school career record to 127-7. Yust also won the state title in 2004 in the 140 lb. weight division of Class 1 and placed fifth at 130 lbs. as a freshman in 2003. The Seneca Indian wrestlers finished fourth this year at State. Yust is a member of St. Mary Parish in Seneca and was recently one of three confirmands at St. Mary. He is the son of Joe and Rhonda Yust of Seneca. (Photos courtesy of J.B. Kelly, Seneca News-Dispatch)
14 The Mirror
Terri Schiavo’s family encouraged after Kansas woman wakes from 20-year coma
CLEARWATER, FL—The awakening of a Kansas woman from a 20-year coma has encouraged Terri Schindler Schiavo’s family in their fight to keep their daughter alive. Sarah Scantlin fell into a coma after being hit by a drunk driver 20 years ago, but she has begun to speak and remember her past. Her brain was injured so badly that doctors first feared she would spend her life in a vegetative state. “In light of the miraculous awakening of Miss Sarah Scantlin in Kansas and the success of the new brainwave test reported in the New York Times this week, my daughter deserves to have this test
COLUMNS NEWS BRIEFS/ADVERTISING
before she is starved to death by judicial decree,” said Schiavo’s father, Bob Schindler, in a written statement issued Feb. 11. The New York Times article said this new brainwave test could “have consequences for legal cases in which parties dispute the mental state of an unresponsive patient.” Video aired on “CNN Headline News” of Scantlin with her mother extremely similar to footage of Schiavo and her mother, is available on the Terri Schindler-Schiavo Foundation Web site (www.terrisfight.org). ©CNA one-hour special on the adult spiritual journey. “Come to the Water: The Adult Journey to Baptism” will introduce viewers to some people who became Catholics through the Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults (RCIA) in the Archdiocese of Seattle last year. The documentary follows people through the yearlong program of adult education and initiation into the Catholic community, culminating with their baptism by immersion at the Easter Vigil. It was taped on location in Seattle’s St. James Cathedral. The program is scheduled to air Easter Sunday, Mar. 27, at the discretion of ABC-TV affiliate stations. A list of stations and broadcasts is available on the USCCB Web site (www.usccb.org). The documentary was produced by New Group Media of South Bend, IN, for the USCCB’s Catholic Communication Campaign. Last year,
March 18, 2005
more than 150,000 Americans joined the Catholic Church on Holy Saturday through the RCIA. ©CNA
Nuncio to EU named
VATICAN CITY—John Paul II recently appointed Abp. André Dupuy, until now papal nuncio in Venezuela, as nuncio to the European Communities. Given the European Union’s (EU’s) process of integration, the post has gained in importance, as Card. Angelo Sodano, Vatican secretary of state, acknowledged Feb. 4 when receiving Josep Borrell Fontelles, president of the European Parliament. The cardinal emphasized “the importance of the apostolic nunciature accredited to the European Union to favor a fruitful dialogue on the great topics of the moment.” ©Zenit
New Catholics featured in Easter television special
WASHINGTON—This Easter Sunday promises good Catholic programming with the broadcast of a moving
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Fr. Chris Pinné, S.J. preaches at a Mass for children at the Indian Creek School in southern Belize.
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March 18, 2005
The Mirror 15
during the day. We are at the Lord’s tomb, meditating on his death as we await his resurrection.
From Page 3 The bishop consecrates the sacred chrism used to anoint the newly baptized. Chrism is also used in the sacrament of confirmation. It is with the oil of chrism that the hands of men who are ordained to the priesthood, and the hands of men who are ordained as bishops, are anointed. Chrism is also used in the consecration of special items, such as altars and church buildings. Bells that are used to call people to worship can be anointed with oil of chrism. Another ritual within the Mass of chrism is the call to the priests of the diocese to renew their commitment to priestly service.
How do we face our own suffering?
We make a memorial when we celebrate the Eucharist as Christ has instructed us (John 13:1-15). We eat and drink of the eucharistic meal as we remember the Lord who freed us from the slavery of sin (1 Corinthians 11:23-26). Passion. By his stripes we were healed (Isaiah 52:13-53:12). Christ is the great high priest who offered himself for our sins (Hebrews 4:154-16; 5:7-9), suffering and dying for us (John 18: 119:42). By bearing our infirmities, Christ won for us eternal salvation.
The Easter Vigil
As night falls, we keep vigil, awaiting Jesus’ resurrection, and calling to mind the many gifts the Most High has given us: creation, freedom, salvation, and eternal life. Tonight we sing for joy! Alleluia! The stone rejected by the builders has become the cornerstone! If we have died with Christ, we shall also rise with him (Romans 6:3-11). ©TM
Good Friday: Mar. 25
There is no eucharistic celebration today. The liturgical celebration is called the Celebration of the Lord’s
Holy Saturday: Mar. 26
There is no liturgical celebration
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16 The Mirror
COLUMNS ADULT FAITH
March 18, 2005
Priestly celibacy: When it all began
When did celibacy become one of the church’s rules for priests? Was it something that started with the Jews before Jesus and then was continued by the church? We understand that many early priests and bishops, even popes, were married. True? (Pennsylvania) The story of clerical celibacy in the church is long and complex. But the following is at least a brief outline. First, the Christian practice did not originate with the Jewish people. The thought of a celibate life for men and women was generally offensive to Jewish culture, as it was to most other cultures of the time. As the Scriptures show often, a house full of children was considered a sign of God’s blessing. For a woman to be unmarried and childless was a mark of shame. I believe the only major figure in the Old Testament who was celibate was Jeremiah, who lived around the time of the Babylonian Captivity, six centuries before Christ. The Lord told him not to marry, as a sign to the people that children then being born would die in the coming military and political calamities. The practice of celibacy was generally spotty in the church until the later part of the fourth century when the first general law obliging clergy to a celibate life appeared in the Western church. Several popes and regional councils in Africa and Europe, beginning probably with Pope Damasus (366-384), decreed that ordained clergy should not be married. During the next 700 years, marriage of bishops, priests, and deacons was unlawful in the Western church. (Practices and regulations concerning celibacy were, and remain, different in most Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches.) The movement toward clerical celibacy continued, however, and culminated in the 12th century at the First and Second Lateran Councils when marriages of clerics were declared not only illicit (unlawful) but invalid. Much later, at the Council of Trent in 1563, the law of celibacy was reaffirmed. Interestingly, however, against enormous opposition the council declared that celibacy of the clergy was a matter of church law, not of divine law. This means that the church could change its legislation concerning
Fr. John Dietzen
celibacy. A change was made, in fact, for deacons when Vatican Council II instituted a married permanent diaconate. In addition, as most Catholics are aware, married men who joined the Catholic faith from other Christian denominations have been ordained and now serve as Catholic priests, especially in the US and Europe. As the above summary suggests, married clergy were common during earlier Christian centuries. St. Peter, of course, was married (see Mark 1:30), as were other popes. Family records for many of them are sparse, so we know little about their marital status before or after they became pope. One pope, St. Hormisdas (514523), was married before he became pope, as was, it seems, his son, Pope St. Silverius (536-538). As far as we know, the last married bishop of Rome was Adrian II (867-872), who apparently lived with his wife and family in the Lateran Palace, the pope’s residence at the time, though an unmarried clergy was by then not uncommon in the West. The road of clerical celibacy has not been smooth through the centuries, especially in the early Middle Ages and in the years before the Protestant Reformation. Smooth or not, however, it is clear that the
church does not plan to alter easily or quickly a practice which has been so intimate a part of its life for the past 1,700 years.
When we became known as “Catholics”
When and how did Catholics become known as Catholics? Why was that name chosen? What were we called before that? (Michigan) The title “catholic” for the followers of Jesus Christ was first used by St. Ignatius, bishop of Antioch in Syria, who died about the year 107. In his letter to the Christians in Smyrna, on his way to martyrdom in Rome, Ignatius said that “where Jesus Christ is, there is the catholic church.” At the time, the designation “catholic” would not have referred to the Catholic Church in distinction from other Christian groups, which for all practical purposes did not yet exist. It is derived from the Greek word “katholikos,” signifying general or universal, which would have been the meaning intended by Ignatius. The term has since taken on several meanings. It is used of the universal church, as distinct from local Christian communities. It also applies to the faith of the whole church, believed everywhere and by everyone. In the period after the final division of Eastern and Western Christianity in 1054, the church in the West tended to refer to itself as “Catholic.” Those in the East usually
called themselves “Orthodox” (meaning correct belief). In more recent times, those in the East who are united to the bishop of Rome generally call themselves “Catholic” as well, while “Orthodox” is used of those not in union with Rome. Today the name “catholic” is commonly applied to churches who claim to possess the ancient historical tradition of Christian faith and practice. In addition to the Roman Catholic Church, this would include a number of smaller non-Roman Catholic churches who have the word “catholic” in their title (e.g. the Mariavite Catholic Church, the American Catholic Church, the Christian Catholic Church). The Protestant designation is used for those who generally base their theology and ethics in the Bible, as interpreted by the principal leaders of the Reformation in the 16th century. We have it on the authority of St. Luke (Acts 11:26) that, also in Antioch, disciples of Jesus Christ were called “Christians” for the first time, decades before St. Ignatius introduced the word “catholic.” At least in some areas, Christianity was known as “the Way” (e.g. Acts 9:2, 19:9), implying the Christian belief that the truths revealed by Jesus were not simply a set of propositions but a way of life. Beyond that, we don’t know much about how early Christians were identified.
Year of the Eucharist indulgence
We’re told that a plenary indulgence may be gained in the Year of the Eucharist, announced by Pope John Paul II. How does one gain this indulgence? (Florida) Two plenary indulgences may be gained during 2005, the Year of the Eucharist, by participating attentively and piously in a sacred function in honor of the Blessed Sacrament, whether exposed or in the tabernacle. Clergy, religious, and others may gain the indulgence by reciting Evening and Night Prayer from the Liturgy of the Hours before the Blessed Sacrament. The usual conditions for plenary indulgences apply: reception of the sacraments of penance and the Eucharist, freedom from attachment to sin, and prayer for the intentions of the pope. The sick and others who cannot get to church may make the visit to the Blessed Sacrament in their hearts, and recite the Our Father and the creed, with an invocation to Jesus in the Eucharist (Decree of the Apostolic Penitentiary, Dec. 25, 2004). A free brochure describing basic Catholic prayers, beliefs, and moral precepts is available by sending a stamped, selfaddressed envelope to Fr. John Dietzen, Box 3315, Peoria, IL 61612. Questions may be sent to Fr. Dietzen at the same address, or E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. ©CNS
PRIESTLY CELEBACY—Fr. Jarek Skrzypek lay prostrate during his Mass of ordination May 20, 2004, as the Litany of Saints was sung. Also present were Fr. Paul McLoughlin, master of ceremonies, and Fr. Skrzypek’s brother priests in the background. This month’s Question Corner addresses the issue of priestly celibacy. (Photo by M. Schiefelbein)
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