Look Inside for the Coalition For Choice Newsletter Centr by mattarmstrong

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									          Look Inside for the Coalition For Choice Newsletter!


                                       News (~U it
          Centr< ~! New York's '3oice For        f eace   and Social justice May 1994


          HOW TO REMAIN AN ADMIRAL
                            REMOVING A TAILHOOK FROM THE FINGER




                  (1) The point of the hook is stuck in the flesh. (2) Push down on the shank
                  of hook (A) until the tip of the barb comes through the skin . A small cut
                  over the tip will make it come out less painfully . (3) With clippers, remove
                  as much of the barb as can be reached . (4) Pull the shaft of the hook back
                  through the opening which it made when entering.

                  SYRACUSE POST-STANDARD
                       APRIL 19, 1994
                    WASHINGTON -- The
                    Senate approved
                    retiring Adm . Frank B.
                    Kelso II at his
                    current rank Tuesday,
                    despite a show of
                    gender solidarity by
                    all seven women
                    senators who opposed
                    the Tailhook sex
                    scandal . The women
                    senators were given
                    moral support by nine
                    female members of the
                    House, who marched
                    into the senate
                    chamber as the debate
                    began . As time wore
                    on, several male
                    senators also spoke
                    against the four star
                    retirement and tension
                    in the chamber grew.
           SYRACUSE POST — STANDARD
                APRIL 21, 1994


                                                           THE WOMAN IN PUBLIC LIFE
                                                          Many doors once sealed against
                                                          women have been opened, from
                                                          heavy industry to the navy.
                                                          Women combining intelligence
                                                          with charm have proved
                                                          themselves assets everwhere,
                                                          even in the halls of Congress.

f iibiie:hed Monthly by   the Syracuse f eace           Council - Founded in 19 6 - ISSN 0735-4134
		




                       T4Su Pe4a Cc44+&L
            Collectives, Committees & Projects
     New people are always welcome to join any of these activites . Contact the   Alliances, Coalitions & Contacts
     SPC office' at 472-5478 or the person listed to find out what you can do.
                                                                          Americans ForDemocratic              People for Animal Rights
                                                                          Action Jack McTieman 488-6822            488-PURR (7877) or 488-9338
     SPC Staff               Bookkeeper               Intern              American Friends Service             Persons With AIDS Support
     Bill Mazza              Duane Hardy           Maxine Polomski        Committee                475-4822    Hotline
                                                                          Alliance-Psychiatric System          Sandra                 471-5911
     The Front Room Bookstore                         SPC Press           Survivors                            Physicians for Social
        Joe Carpenter                                  Paul Pearce        George Ebert             475-4120    Responsibility 488-2140
                                                                          Alternative Media Network            Planned Parenthood 475-5525
                          The Peace Newsletter                            Jim Dessauer             425-8806    Reconsider
         The PNL editorial committee needs peoplel . . .Call the SPC      Alternative Orange                   Nick or Alex Elye      422-6231
                                                                          Blaine DeLancey          475-4898    Recycle First          471-2806
         off ice to find out meeting times.
                                                                          Alternatives to Violence Project     Rose Center
         Editorial Committee : Brian Dominick, Bill Mazza and Joseph Andy Mager                607/842-6515    Teri Cameron           422-3426
         Smith                                                            Amnesty International 422-3890       Sarah House             475-1747
         Production Committee : Andy Molloy, Dianne Gilleece, Karen ARISE                          472-3171    Save the County         637-6066
         Hall, Joan Goldberg, Deb Douthit                                 Atlantic States Legal Foundation     SEEDS 607/749-2818
                                                                                                   475-1170    Seneca Peace Council 568-2344
                                                                          Citizens Against Radioactive         Service Employees Intl
                               SPC Projects                               Dumping               607/7536271    Chris Binaxis           424-1750
      Syracuse Network for Israeli-            SPC-TV                     CNY ACLU                             Sierra Club
      Palestinian Peace                       Paul Pearce,                Merilee Wetherell        471-2821    Eileen Clinton          471-6069
      Brent Bleier             479-5393       Frederic Noyes 472-5478     CNY Environment                      Small Claims Court Action
                                                                          Janine DeBaise           437-6481    Center                  443-1401
      Plowshares Craftsfair                   SPC Brunch Discussions      CNY N .O.W .             487-3188    Social Workers for Peace
      Margaret Williams        422-4201                        472-5418
                                                                          Coalition for Choice 677-9758        Dick Mundy             445-0797
      SPC Council : Marge Rusk, Lynne Woehrle,                            ECOS                     492-3478    Socialist Party
      Andrianna Natsoulas                             472-5478            Educators Social Responsibility      Ron Ehrenreish         478-0793
                                                                          Lisa Mundy               445-0797    Spanish Action League
                                                                          EON, IncJTransgender                 Sam Velasquez           471-3762
                                Volunteers                                Community                            Student African-Amer. Society
     Marge Rusk, Duane Hardy, Susan Ashley, Chuck Durand, Phil            Charliss Dolge           475-5611                            443-4633
      Boyle, Pat Hoffman, Carl Mellor, Upasatti, Kathy Barry, Brian       Fair Trade Coalition                 Student Environmental Action
       Caufield, Andy Molloy, Fredric Noyes, Michelle Brisson,Paul        Karen                    475-2202    Coalition              423-4670
       Wilcox, Brian Dominick, Art Lum, Carolyn, Joe Smith, Karen         Food Bank of CNY         458-1554    Syracuse Community Chok
                                                                          Friends of the Fillipino People      Karen Mihalyi           428-8724
         Veverka, Lynne Woehrle, Ray Kramer, Barb Floch, Ruth
                                                                          John & Sally Brute 445-0698          Syracuse Communlity Radio
                           Richardson, ,Susan Merel
                                                                          Gay/Lesbian Alliance 422-5732        Lauren Mofford          475-3933
                                                                          Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual Student         SyracuseCooperative Federal
                       Statement of Purpose                               Assoc. (SU)              443-3599    Credit Union            471-1116
                The Syracuse Peace Council (5PC), founded In 1936, Is an  Hotel Employees 150 437-0373         Syracuse Covenant Sanctuary
     antiwar/social Justice organization. It le community-based, autono-  Jail Ministry            424-1877    Shirley Novak           446-6099
     mous and funded by the contributions of Its supporters.              Lesbian/Gay Youth        443-3599    Syracuse Cultural Workers
                                                                          NAACP                                Dik Cool                474-1132
                SPC educates, agitates and organizes for a world where
                                                                          Van Robinson             422-6933    Syracuse Greens         471-1611
     war, violence and exploitation In any form will no longer exist. It  Natural Organic Farmers Assoc.       Syracuse N .O.W . 472-3294
     challenges the existing unjust power relationships among nations,    Ammie Chickering 365-2299            Syr. Real Food Coop 472-1385
     among people and between ourselves and the environment . As          New Environ. Assoc . 446-8009        Syracuse Solidarity 423-9736
     members, we work to replace Inequality, hierarchy, domination and    New Jewish Agenda                    Syracuse United Neighbors
     powerlessness with mutual respect, personal empowerment, coop-       Paul Weichselbaum        478-1592    Rich Puchalski          476-7475
     eration and a sense of community.                                    North American Indian Club           S.U. for Animal Rights
                Present social Injustices cannot be understood In Isola-                           476-7425    Joseph Smith            423-0120
     tion from each other nor can they be overcome without recognizing    NYPIRG                   476-8381    University Democrats
     their economic and militaristic mote . SPC stresses a strategy that  Onon . Audobon            457-7731   Syracuse University     443-0958
                                                                          Open Hand Theatre                    Urban League
     makes these connections clear . We Initiate and support activities
                                                                          Geoff Navias              476-0466   Yvonne Goodwin          472-6955
     that help build this sense of community and help tear down the walls
                                                                          Pax Christi                          Veterans For Peace
     of oppression . A fundamental basis for peace and justice Is an
                                                                          Frank Woolever            446-1693   Bill Cross 474-3762
     economic system that places human need above monetary proftt.        Peace Action of CNY                  Women's Center (SU) 443-4268
     We establish relationships among people based on cooperation         Diane Swords              478-7442   Women's Health Outreach
     rather than competition or the threat of destruction.                Peace Brigades International                                 425-3653
                Our political values and personal hues shape and reflect  Ed Kinane                478-4571    Women's INFO Center 478-4636
     each other. In both we are committed to nonviolent means of conflict P.E .A .C.E ., Inc.
                                                                          Louis Clark               470-3300    (If you do not see your group listed,
     resolution and to a process of decision-making that responds to the
                                                                                                               please call & we will add it to the list .)
     needs of us all.



          Syracuse Peace Council 924 Burnet Ave . Syracuse, N .Y. 13203 (315) 472-5478
	
	




    In This Issue:
          Welcome to issue 619 of the Peace News-
    letter, a number with no significance outside
    of its own. A problem that is only an issue to
                                                                  pee New-6                                                             May 1994
    a culture fascinated with holidays, anniversa-                                                                                      PNL 619
    ries and special editions . Lucky for us May is
    Nationalist Sovereignty Month, International
    Nuclear Bluff With Your Neighbor Month,
    Syracuse Community Group Month, Resist                                                          Table of Contents
    Police Brutality Where-ever and Whenever                    Letters	                                                       4
    Month, Month of Cuban Solidarity Vacations                  SPC Page	                                                      5
    to Annoy Your Government Month, Choice
    For Your Life Month, Turn Overthe New Leaf                  On Soverignty by Maxine PoIomskl	                              6
    Month, Wave to Your Sister Community                        Community Update: Syracuse Community Radio 	                   7
    Month, Review Last Month Month and my                       Will There Be War in Korea by David Easter 	                8-9
    own personal favorite, The Public & The                     You Can't Buy Truth and Justice by Nancy Rhodes	               9
    Private are Still Political Month.
          Chalk it all up to what they've done to               Reflections On Cuba by Joan Goldberg	                    10-11
    Labor Day. Stop and smell the flowers. ..                   The Nat. Guard Goes to Guatemala by Ann Peters & Tom Joyce...12
             The Peace Newsletter (PNL) is published            Coalition For Choice : Reclaiming Activism by Lauren wing ...13
    monthly by the Syracuse Peace Council . SPC,                Community Update	                                             14
    founded in 1936, is the oldest community-based
    peace and justice organization in the United States.        Syracuse Real Food Coop New Leaf	                        15-16
             The PNL strives to serve some basic func-
    tionsas the internal organ of SPC and as a forum for
                                                                Central American/Caribbean Coalition by Paul weichselbaum 17
    articles which discuss issues of concern to the             Behind Enemy Lines: Grains of Salt by Brian Dominick	    18-19
    peace movement. The opinions expressed in the
    PNL reflect the diversity of opinions within SPC
                                                                Reading Privilege : The Public and the Private by Karen Hail .21
    itself . While we are not able to print every possible      Community Calendar 	                                          23
    viewpoint, we do welcome letter and article sub-
    missions as well as suggestions and assistance.
             The PNL has very reasonable ad rates; call
    or write for our rates . Movement groups are free to        About the cover: An Equality of Violence by Bill Mazza
    reprint articles and graphics, but please give cred-             Nothing could tell this story as well as the real thing, so here's the rest of the articles that
    its . For-profit groups, please inquire.
                                                                were buried in the dailies.
              The PNL is available on microfilm from
    University Microfilms, Inc., 300 N . Zeeb Rd., Ann                The Tailhook "incident" is just another social justification for Emma Goldman's turn of
    Arbor, MI 48106.                                            the century resistance against suffrage or any movement "asking for equality"— She was only
              Subscriptions are $12 a year in the U .S .,       willing to work for liberation. Emma had no interest in acceptance by the powers that
    $15 in Canada and Mexico and $25 overseas . The             were . . .and the powers that still are. As long as a violent system remains in place it will
    institutional rate is $15. The PNL is free to prisoners     continue to do violence, regardless of who is at the wheel, at the helm or in the cock-pit (Like
    and low-income people. Your organization, co-op,
    etc. can receive 5-25 PNLs each month . Our circu-          the woman who remains in the Syracuse news on a daily basis because she's proud to be the
    lation is 4500.                                             first woman to fly with the "Boys From Syracuse" During the Gulf War, "the Boys" were
               Contributions to SPC beyond PNL sub-             shown porn flicks before flying sorties to get them in the mood . Maybe an equal opportunity
    scriptions support our activist programs . We al-           Air Force will have Playgirl in the new pilots lounge).
    ways need your support . Peace Newsletter/Syra-                   Anyway, Tailhook was front page news when women were getting groped, and when a
    cuse Peace Council, 924 Bumet Ave, Syracuse,
                                                                willingness to investigate would make a "don't ask, don't tell" millitary look better, but now
     NY 13203.
    PNL Distributors                                            that the boys won, its old news . The same old news, that is. ..
            Yvonne, Joy Meeker, Karen Veverka, Pat               LAS VEGAS — A federal judge
     Hoffman, Elinor Cramer, Chuck Durand, Rich               dismissed most of the claims             senat@ votes 4 stars 0-
    Zalewski, Chrisian Siebott, Fredric Noyes,                against the Navy contained in a          for admiral despite
                                                              lawsuit by five women who said
     Duane Hardy, Brian Dominick, Millie Webb,
                                                              they were sexually assaulted at the
                                                                                                       colleagues' protest
     Deb Douthit
                                                              1991 Tailhook convention.
     Mailing Party Helpers                                       For the most part the women did
                 Kathy Barry, Karen Rimehaug, Ruth            not have the legal standing to sue
     Richardson, Susan Adair, Dianne Pangburn,                the Navy, U .S. District Judge Philip          WASHINGTON — The Sen-
     Bill Capowski, Dianne Grafly, Karen Veverka,             Pro said in his ruling Tuesday . But        ate approved retiring Adm . Frank
     Lauren Wing, Donna M . Wassung, Mary                     he did not dismiss the women's              B. Kelso II at his current rank
     Handley, Charles Hannah, Marion de                       claims against the Las Vegas Hil-           Tuesday, despite a show of gen-
     Laubenfels, Brent Bleier, Mary Sopchec, Paul             ton, where the convention took              der solidarity by all seven women
     Frazier                                                  place, or the Tailhook organization. senators who opposed the Navy
                                                                 Pro also said the women could            chief because of the Tailhook sex
    June Issue Deadlines                                                                                  scandal.
                                                              pursue their allegations that the
    Articles                                   May      12    Navy failed to protect them from               The 54-43 vote allows Kelso to
    Ads                                        May      19    being groped and fondled by drunk-          retire as a four-star admiral with
    Calendar Ttems                             Mav 10                                                     	            c AQA 'IAA ,.oqr
	

    Deitr Friends,                                                                                        To the Editors,
              Although I agree, basically, with the    consider renouncing alcohol and tobacco and        RE: Meeting with Congressman James Walsh
    principles of war tax refusal, I would like to     minimizing consumption of gasoline, as each        on Health Care
    suggest that true war tax refusal requires some-   of these products incur substantial federal              Brent Bleier wrote that Citizen Action
    thing a bit more radical than refusing to pay:     taxes directly. Every sip, puff or mile supports   has lobbied Walsh—"met with him as a com-
    not having enough to pay.                          U.S. militarism as directly as income taxes.       mittee and at a recent forum in Cortland ."
         Ammon Hennacy, commonly hailed as                  Tax refusal is good, but I truly wonder if,         I have tracked Walsh's votes and public
    "the parent of the tax resistance movement,"       by having enough income that taxes are re-         statements, and Mr. Bleier fell into Walsh's
    was fasting and picketing the IRS before any       quested, refusers haven't entered a contract to    trap : that is, meet and be stroked by Walsh in
    of the key peace groups (WRL, FOR, etc .)          pay ("Render to Caesar") the folks who issue       his private office, with no word to the news
    recognized the need for war tax refusal.           the money . If you don't have the income           media about the meeting and his position on
    Hennacy resisted by working as a day laborer       ("Render to God"), I think your position is        the Cooper vs. Wellstone McDermott single
    in the Southwest, and he wrote a fine column,      more clear.                                        payer health bill.
    "Life at Hard Labor," for the Catholic Worker           I welcome folks' responses.                         Walsh is reluctant to have public meet-
    during this time.                                                                  Bruce Friedrich    ings . As the Syracuse Herald-Journal recently
         When asked about tax payment, Jesus           Through July 10:                                   noted, Walsh has only had five Town Meet-
    asks, "Whose image is on the coin?" and then       Chowan County Jail, P.O. Box 78, Edenton,          ings in Syracuse in six years (and a few more
    explains, "Render unto Caesar what is              NC 27932                                           in Cortland and Auburn). The last, on Febru-
    Caesar's." The truth is that any use of U .S.      After July 10:                                     ary 26, was never reported on by the Post-
    money toward any end supports a war economy        c/o Dorothy Day Catholic Worker, 503 Rock          Standard Herald or New Times . Other than a
    and that lends validity to a war-making sys-       Creek Church Rd. NW, DC 20010                      TV sound bite, the public learned nothing of
    tem.Any purchase supports tax payment some-                                                           Walsh's positions.
                                                            Bruce has been a member of the                      Likewise, people trying to end funding
    how. It is incumbent on us to minimize out         Dorothy Day Catholic Worker in Washington
    economic dependence and our incomes, to            DC for four years . He and his co-defendants       for School of the Americas met with Walsh in
    renounce usury (even 1% is sin, Hennacy            were recently convicted of doing $28,000           private . (Sadly, Walsh had already voted last
    proclaimed), savings and luxury. If we would       damage to an F- 15E warplane in the Pax-           October to fund the SOA!)
    truly resist war taxes, we should embrace          Christi Spirit of Life Plowshares action . He            So, please wake up and stop meeting in
    voluntary poverty and live as much as possible     considers the hammering, trial and incar-          private, unpublicized sessions with Walsh . If
                                                       ceration to be another form of tax resis-
    from society's waste.                                                                                 you do so, please publicize Walsh's positions.
                                                       tance--literally draining the Federal coffers
         Finally, I would ask that all tax refusers    for peace and justice.                                                            Robert Williams
                                                                                                                                          Syracuse, N .Y.




          ~VFiAC                                                   PEA                            ~t~~
                                                                                                     ~~
                                                                                                                   J4'450JL              t re
                     Central NY.s Peace and Justice Bookstore Serving the needs of our community


             Books, Posters, T-Shirts and Buttons
             We have : Where Have All the Flowers Gone by Pete Seeger
                       Banned and Suppressed by Jim Keith ed.
                  and Exquisite Corpse '
                     Monday through Friday 1Z noon to 6p .m.
                     Wed. eves . till 8pm
                     Sat 10am - 3pm

                Ask   about becoming Froht Room Volunteer


            924 Burnet Avenue, Syracuse, NY 13203-3206 (315) 472-5478



    4 Peace Newsletter 5/94
	
		




                         ~YAC~E PEACE C'OUNC'IL PAGE
            MAY DAY!                                     You're Choice
                                                              Some of you may be receiving the PNL in               Volunteer
          All kinds of stuff happening in May, so I
                                                         the mail for the first time. This is because the            for the
                                                         SPC is working with the Coalition For Choice
     won't spend as much time paper yapping like         (of which SPC is a member organization) by
                                                                                                            Syracuse Peace Council
     I usually do . Look around. ..                      printing the CFC Newsletter within our pages                or the
     Hear the Call                                       (see page 13), to help keep it going. So we are     Front Room Bookstore
           There is, however, a major move to up-        doing a mass mailing with the Coalition to test
     date our phone/mailing list in order to have the    the supportive waters. If you are interested in
     most effective way of reaching interested folks     staying in touch with CFC, please subscribe to
     whenever we do something in which you may           the PNL. Its only $12/year, most of which
     be interested in. ..Basically, we have all this     covers the printing costs, and stay involved
     awesome technology at our disposal so we            with CFC. They could also use a donation or
     may as well put to good use. We want to short-                                                           Join one of our active
                                                         two thrown their way . Check out the enclosed
     list people according to their interests (includ-   CFC for their address, and check out the back       Committees or Projects
     ing the multi-interested) so that when some-        of the PNL for a subscription form . Read the       or: Take a phone shift, deliver
     thing like, say, a nuclear response-type action     CFC and you'll see just how necessary it is to      the PNL in your are or find the
     comes along, we'll know just who to contact         keep this struggle alive in Syracuse and Cen-         project that best suits you!
     on short notice. And we can do that with any        tral New York .                In Peace, Bill
     multitude of issues.
           So if you are on our mailing list, you are         Help Clean Up Our Act!                                          924 Burnet Avenue
     probably going to get a phone call. Please help          Join the Syracuse Peace Council's Annual Spring cleanup of the house and yard.
     out by answering the questions from our vol-         Help remove storm windows, straighten the grounds and shift the winter's dust.
     unteer. We just mailed out a fund-raising let-           Join us on Saturday, May 7 for a coffee and strategy planning session at 9 AM ., and
     ter, so don't worry about us trying to be sneaky     cleanup will start at 10 AM . Wear old clothes, bring gloves and prepare to dig in.
     about money or something-we just want to                 Do your peace!
     be as connected as we can be.                                Saturday, May 7 : coffee and planning at 9 a .m . cleanup at 10 a .m.
     Photo Opportunity
           One of the questions that won't be asked
     is whether or not you have any photography                         SPC Brunch Discussion:
     experience, and/or a flexible schedule . We are      'On the Economy of Incarceration' Sunday, May
     still mourning the loss of our friend Jurgen              Who is really paying for the war on drugs? Take a look at where your tax dollars
     (who will be reading this in Germany a few                are going as local, state and federal governments continue to increase
     days after you cause of the overseas mail                 spending on the penal system . Pot-luck (vegetarian) brunch, Sunday starting
     thing) . First, because we miss that special              at 11 :30 AM followed by discussion at 1 PM.
     optimism he never failed to share, and second,                       Question authority over coffee at SPCI
     because we lost a most awesome "on the
     scene photographer ."
           So if any of you SPC types own a camera                                       Video Night: Thursday, May 26
     and could help us out by taking photos at
     actions and such, please call or stop in at the
                                                             "Riding the Information Highway"
     house . Its a really valuable service to the          Choice video goodies on the modern condition . 'Nuff said.
     Newsletter and not a half-bad way to spend            Videos begin at 7 PM, immediately following mailing party.
     your occasional afternoons, evenings, morn-           Pop-corn, coffee, tea and tap-water available (donation requested) . Feel free to bring
     ings, etc . . .                                       your favorite snacks and refreshments .                    924 Burnet Avenue

                                                                      eC$I'I-t't/N/7Y WOVE

        SPUNC : sisters project : underwear to cuba                                                         elena levy
            WE'RE ONCE AGAIN IN FULL GEAR .       we're collecting new cotton       it's all imported . the rationing of underwear came to less than one
       underwear, women's, men's and children's to take with us on the june         pair a year per person in the last few years.
       delegation to cuba.                                                                so underwear's the word . now . whenever you shop . you can
            our goal is 1,000 pairs of underpants. in december 1993 we were         drop them off at the peace council office, at 1030 westmoreland, or
       able to collect 450 pairs, which elana hand delivered to the people of the   if necessary, call (315) 472-5711 and we'll arrange a special pick-up
       isle of youth. they were much appreciated. whomever we spoke to in           service . but don't forget your underpants!
       cuba thought the project was a wonderful idea . there's a shortage of              every little bit makes a difference, materially and in terms of
       cotton because it's too hot to grow good varieties of cotton in cuba, so     hope and maintaining the spirit .        la lucha continua . gracias .
    On Sovereignty
    A Closer Look at the Independence of the Onondaga Nation
             The scene through the video camera was nothing less than surreal . The video was without audio, but one did not
        need to try very hard to read the obscenities off of the lips of Earl Fish, a supporter of the business people at Onondaga
        Nation . The steadiness of the camera, which carefully records each episode at the blockade at Route 11 on the Nation,
        was surprising . Mr. Fish began walking towards Smoke Signals, a business declared illegal by the Council of Chiefs
        last April . Then, Mr. Fish dropped his pants and mooned the crowd . Faithkeepers, clan mothers and other traditional
        Onondagas dedicated to keeping the businesses closed, were subject to this act of complete disrespect.
{                                                                                          Notes made after a visit to the blockade, April 8, 1994


    Maxine Polomski                                      own lives according to traditional ways. They             "I only become involved [in the nation's
                                                         were to be untouched by government and any           affairs] when the chiefs ask me to," White
                                                         further negotiations were to be done on a            said. "I get most of my information from what
                                                         government to government level.                      I read in the newspapers and see on televi-
                                                               The relationship between the United            sion ."
                                                         States and the Haudenosaunee was described                According to White, the primary role of

    T     HE STRUGGLES on the Onondaga Na-
          tion between the business people and the
    traditional Onondagas (the government and
                                                         by Joseph Heath, an attorney for the Council
                                                         of Chiefs, as two boats travelling down the
                                                         same river. Ray Halbritter, recognized by the
                                                                                                              the BIA is to dole out funds for roads, social
                                                                                                              services and cultural programs.
                                                                                                                   The primary role of the BIA is to keep the
    the majority of Onondaga people living on the        United States as the leader of the Oneida            non-native population out of native affairs and
    Nation) deal straight on with the issue of           people despite the protests of the Grand Coun-       to make sure the laws of Indian nations are
     sovereignty. Sovereignty does not mean total        cil, described the United States' boat as a          observed by non-natives, according to Heath.
    control of the Nation by the Council of Chiefs.      technologically advanced sail ship . The                  Currently the Council of Chiefs is at-
     Sovereignty is not a word used to manipulate        Haudenosaunee travelled in a canoe . Accord-         tempting to have an amendment added to an
    United States' law enforcement. Sovereignty          ing to Halbritter, members of the nation were        Indian trader law that specifies the non-Indian
     is not achieved simply by saying that "it is so."    advised to stay in one boat or the other . At-      traders must adhere to the national, state, and
    Among the Haudenosaunee the idea of sover-            tempting to keep one foot in each boat would        local laws of the United States as well as the
     eignty is sacred and rooted in the power of         only result in falling into the river.               laws of the Indian Nation with whom trade      is
     events that occurred anywhere from 500 to                 The situation at the Onondaga Nation is        being conducted. Currently this clause ap-
     1000 years ago.                                      the most direct threat to its sovereignty he has    pears on the actual traders license but not on
          The six nations of the Haudenosaunee-           seen, according to Heath. The reason for the        the law.
     the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Sen-           severity of the problem is that it is an internal         The amendment is having difficulty get-
     eca and the Tuscarora—have gone through              one. Onondaga against Onondaga.                     ting passed, according to White, because the
    many periods of violence during their history.             Support for the traditional Onondagas'         BIA has not been able to trace the language on
     Upon the arrival of the Peacemaker on the            determination to remain a completely sover-         the actual license and verify its authenticity.
     banks of Onondaga Lake, he uprooted a white          eign nation has not been easy to find . In a        Evidently, the license is lacking certain bu-
     pine tree . After burying the weapons of the six    recent interview, local Bureau of Indian Af-         reaucratic numbers that would render it valid.
     warring nations, he replanted the tree . The         fairs Representative, Dean White, outlined                The BIA need not look any further than
    Peacekeeper vowed that the white roots of the         the responsibility of the BIA to local nations.     the 1784 Treaty of Canandaigua, which re-
     pine would spread peace throughout the na-                                                               quires outside organizations (such as the BIA)
     tions.                                                                                                   to prosecute businesses and individuals who
          Some years later, as the Haudenosaunee                                                              do not observe the sovereignty laws of the
     and the United States were attempting to draft                                                           Haudenosaunee.
     a treaty with one another, clashes between                                                                     The traditional Onondaga people have no
     Ohio Valley Indians and the United States                                                                 intention of ending the blockade until the
     were becoming increasingly violent . In an                                                               business owners, Ken Papineau and Oliver
     effort to isolate the violence, the United States                                                        Hill, close their businesses forever and leave
     negotiated the Haudenosaunee's status on the                                                              the Nation . In a recent interview with thePost-
     terms that they would not become involved in                                                              Standard, Chief Irving Pow less said the block-
     the problems of the Ohio Valley.                                                                          ade will last "Until it's over." The business
           As a result, the Haudenosaunee are one of                                                           owners have claimed that they should be the
     the very few, if not the only, Native American                                                            government. According to Heath, the latest
     peoples not to be conquered by the United                                                                 offer by the business owners to resolve the
     States.                                                                                                   dispute included : forgiveness of all back taxes
          The Haudenosaunee were left to live their                                                            (which hover between four and six million
                                                                                   Gai hwa na ge' 1993

    6 Peace Newsletter 5/94
	




                                                                                                              e c>/WN IY M'a4TE
                                                                                                              SYRACUSE
    dollars), reopening of the businesses without                                                            COMMUNITY .
    any rules or regulations and the stipulation
    that the business owners only pay taxes into a
    account which could not be drawn from with-
                                                                                                                     Raoia~
    out their approval.                                                                                  . . .FOR THE REST OF US
          Smoke Signals owner Ken Papineau has ing `democracy' in the world, is just a country
    said that he looks to the Oneida Nation as a in its infancy when compared to the over 600-
    community that has pulled "itself up by its year old system of traditional government                 WITH THE RETURN of temperate
    bootstraps" (Post Standard 4/1/94). Indeed, preserved by the Onondagas.                               conditions in the Salt City, SCR is
    not too long ago, the Oneida Nation was a 32-          Those believers in "modernization" of          looking forward to expanding aware-
    acre trailer park . Today, and everyday, Turn- Native American nations need to be warned of           ness of our project to lots of new folks
    ing Stone Casino, an Enterprise of the Oneida the dangerous collision course they choose              as well as taking in some great outdoor
    Nation, pulls in $275,000. $100 million will with themselves, their communities and with              music.
    have been accrued in its first year of operation. the United States . While casino gambling en-             We would like to announce the
    Despite the order by the Council of Chiefs that ables Native American communities to fund             establishment of our offices at 914 N.
    no gambling was permitted on the Onondaga cultural centers, educational projects and other            Salina St. SCR will be sharing a build-
    Nation, business owners attempted to bring social services, what does the sudden influx of            ing with another new cultural venture:
    limited gambling to their establishments hundreds of thousands of dollars do to a com-                Earth Circle Art Empotium . Both or-
    through pool tables, and on a small scale, slot munity having no previous experience with             ganizations will be announcing their
    machines, according to traditional Onondagas such wealth? The United States government                grand opening events in the near fu-
    at the Nation.                                    has a watchful eye over the massive amounts         ture . As soon as renovations are com-
          The business people illustrate a devastat- of tax-free profits generated by Native Ameri-       pleted, SCR will begin a 24 hour info
    ing move away from the traditional view of can casinos. New York State has gotten more                service to keep folks informed of our
    sovereignty. In a recent speech before a Native and more anxious in recent months to cash in          progress as well as a variety of cultural
    American religion class at Syracuse Univer- on the lucrative business . By selling blackjack          events going on around town.
    sity, Ray Halbritter declared that "economic chips, Indian Nations will find themselves                     SCR Trustee, Frederic Noyes will
    power is the crux of sovereignty ." Halbritter slowly selling their sovereignty, and ultimately,      be spending the summer traveling
    said that he supported the right of business control over the destiny of future generations.          throughout Europe and Asia to con-
    owners to continue in their fight against the          Beyond cheap cigarettes and gasoline.          tinue building connections with other
    chiefs . The business owners were expressing Beyond casinos and blockades . Beyond money              independent stations for exchanges of
    the view that "sover-                                                            and power.           music and news when SCR gets on the
    eignty is for ourselves                                                          Over and over        dial. Frederic will visit our sister ef-
    by ourselves,"                Those who choose to exploit                        again, the tradi-    fort, Radio Vox in Moscow and find
    Halbritter said.             and neglect the most sacred                         tional people at     out how listeners in the Russian capi-
          The translation of                                                         Onondaga say,        tal responded to our version of Syra-
                                     values of the culture fail to
    `Oneida' into English                                                            "We enjoy a life     cuse radio . He will also be filing re-
    means "People of the                 adhere to the soul of the                   of simplicity        ports to be published in future editions
    Standing Stone ." Is it         culture and instead worship                      and peace ."         of SCR's radio `zineOfTheAir. (Sub-
    possible that the power                       the Almighty Dollar                Problems and         scriptions at address below)
    and prestige of gener-                                                           confusions of              The group has been diligintly
    ating hundreds of thousands of dollars a day the non-native world have no place in Native             hammering out our mission statement
    have caused some staunch, standing stones to American's lives . The priority of earning hun-          and general policy . The principles of
    turn?                                             dreds of thousands of dollars a year pales in       Kwanzaa come to mind during this
          No doubt there are lucrative economic comparison to the priority of a safe, unified             process ; Unity, Self-determination, , •
    opportunities on Native American nations. community, holding fast to the traditions and               Creativity and Faith. We welcome sug-
    Those who choose to exploit and neglect the laws dating over 500 years ago . If these ideals          gestions from members and non-mem-
    most sacred values of the culture fail to adhere are difficult for you to understand, close your      bers alike.
    to the soul of the culture and instead worship business and move to Las Vegas .             011             Finally, we .hope to see everyone
                                                                                                 4b
    the Almighty Dollar, jeopardizing the survival         Maxine is an intern for the SPC, a             at our benefit show with the Wallmen
    of their own communities . The Haudenosaunee newspaper and political science major at                 and special guests at club Zodiac on
    were never based on a democratic system, by Syracuse University and a member of                       May 26.
    our defmintion of democracy. Although many        Support Onondaga Sovereignty .                      Contact SCR at : Box 6365, Syracuse,
    argue that democracy is the best system of                                                            NY 13217-636 or call 475-3933 .     /I
    government, may they be reminded that the
    country in which they live, the oldest surviv-
                                                                                                                                it
                                                                                                               e0> fMl/N/7Y 119TE
                                                                                                                 5/94 Peace Newsletter             7
Will There Be War in Korea?
On the Potential and Profit of the Politics of Bluff
David Easter                                        no real military enemies, this is a ridiculous ons targeted against it for forty years. It may
                                                    statement. North Korea is a small, distant have finally decided to follow the U .S . ex-
                                                    country with a minuscule defense budget com- ample.
                                                    pared to that of the United States. North Korea         One thing is sure : Kim Il Sung is using
                                                    can no longer count on its allies in the former North Korea's nuclear program, whether
                                                    Soviet Union or China . It is militarily isolated. "peaceful" or not, as a bargaining chip . For
    HE NEWS MEDIA have been full of                       The Pentagon needs the North Korean decades Pyongyang maintained its indepen-
 I stories about growing military tension in        threat to sell the Defense Budget . In 1991, then dence by playing China and U .S .S .R . against
Korea . The U .S . is beefing up its war-fighting   chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Colin Powell, each other, first leaning toward one for aid and
potential and threatening a devastating eco-        asserted, "I'm running out of demons . I'm help and then toward the other . Now that this
nomic boycott against North Korea, unless           running out of villains . . .I'm down to Castro policy is no longer possible, North Korea has
North Korea proves it is not producing nuclear      and Kim Il Sung", the                                                        been trying, for sev-
weapons. North Korea says that if the U .S.         president of North Ko-                                                       eral years, to cultivate
persists with threats and pressure, war will        rea . When the Pentagon North Korea has its own improved and normal
follow.                                             brass testify before Con-                                                    relations with theU.S.
     In fact neither the United States nor North    gressional committees,             reasons to keep the                       and Japan . It is modi-
Korea wants war. But, history provides many         requesting the billions              nuclear issue alive                     fying its planned so-
instances where military bluff and counter          and billions of dollars it                                                   cialist economy, cre-
bluff, pushed along by fear and miscalcula-         takes for the Navy in the                                                    ating free trade zones
tion, has led to disaster.                          Pacific and nearly 80,000 troops in Japan and and inviting investment from Japan and the
     Why is Washington playing this danger-         South Korea, the only enemy they point to is United States . It has made very slow progress
ous game in North Korea? The U .S . did not         North Korea.                                       toward normalized relations, for both Tokyo
threaten an economic boycott or military sanc-             If North Korea has weapons of mass and Washington seem to prefer the status
tions against Israel, South Africa or Pakistan      destruction—nuclear, chemical or biological— quo—a divided Korea and economically vul-
when they developed nuclear weapons.                 its threatening status as an enemy becomes nerable North Korea.
      In February the New York Times quoted          somewhat more believable . This is why we              Pyongyang only began to make progress
the head of the Defense Intelligence Agency,         are going to hear about the North Korean          when it yanked the U.S . bell by pulling out of
Lieut. Gen. James R . Clapper as saying, "North     nuclear threat for some years to come . Unless the non-proliferation treaty . Since then the
Korea will be the critical, major military threat    the Clinton administration takes steps to reach Clinton administration has followed a dual
for the next few years ." Unless the Defense         a comprehensive peace settlement on the Ko- and contradictory policy : first, military bellig-
Intelligence Agency believes that the U .S . has     rean peninsula and sensibly scales back its erency and second, entering into serious nego-
                                                     military forces in the Pacific, the North Ko- tiations with North Korea for the first time,
                                                     rean nuclear threat is necessary to justify our toward the normalization of relations.
                                                     defense budget.                                         Although North Korean leaders are said
                                                           But does North Korea have nuclear weap- to be "irrational," Pyongyang has followed a
                                                     ons? We won't know and no U .S . agency very consistent and steady foreign policy aimed
                                                     claims to know . ' The Pentagon says that it is at maintaining national independence . It uses
                                                     probable that North Korea has diverted nuclear very hard line rhetoric . It takes negotiations to
                                                     materials from its small nuclear program and the brink . But it patiently pushes ahead toward
                                                     has produced pne or two bombs . The State its foreign policy goals . At the moment the
                                                     Department, looking at the same information, focus is to avoid being swallowed by South
                                                     says that it is unlikely that North Korea has Korea and to move toward a confederated
                                                     built nuclear weapons yet.                        style of Korean reunification that will allow
                                                           Pyongyang is adamant that it has no the economic and political system in the North
                                                     nuclear weapons . But certainly, for North Ko- to be maintained and to be changed only in a
                                                     rea to pull out of the Nuclear Non-Prolifera- gradual way.
                                                     tion Treaty and to stall and limit inspections of       The outline for future negotiations that
                                                     its nuclear facilities makes it look as though North Korea has gained from the U .S . during
                                                     they have something to hide. North Korean recent talks includes a staged process whereby,
                                                     leaders may have decided that nuclear weap- if North Korea allows step by step, increas-
                                                     ons are necessary to strengthen a military ingly full inspections of nuclear sites, the U.S.
                                                     severely outgunned by the U .S . and South will move, step by step, toward improved
                                                     Korea . After all, it ha$:had U.S . nuclear weap- economic and political relations and a lower-
                                                                                                        ing of military tensions.


8 Peace Newsletter 5/94
                                                       You Can't Buy Truth and                                                     Justice
                                                       Jesse Davis Trial Update

      Viewed from this perspective, North              Nancy Rhodes                                        police shot and killed African-American psy-
Korea has its own reasons to keep the nuclear                                                              chiatric client Jessie Davis after bursting into
issue alive . If it agrees to U.S . demands too                                                            his apartment. Both an Albany police inquiry
quickly, it loses its bargaining leverage . It will                                                        and Grand Jury investigation cleared the offic-
want to make sure that relations with the U .S.                                                            ers, but then Thornton enlisted Oliver for a
will genuinely improve before it gives in to
U.S . demands.
      Of course there is also the matter of trust.
                                                       O       N APRIL 14, Utica's Pax Christi met to
                                                               consider how to support Jessie Davis'
                                                       sister, Louise Thornton, when her lawsuit
                                                                                                           civil suit. Six years' worth of delays later, the
                                                                                                           trial was moved to Syracuse . Many saw this as
                                                                                                           a further tactic to exhaust the resources and
It isn't only the U .S . that has reason to distrust   against Albany police opens in Utica on June        endurance of Thornton. But when support
its adversary. North Korea keeps finding the           20 . Utica civil rights attorney Stephen            here made it plain she would not be forced to
ground shifting . When it agrees to inspec-            Lockwood has agreed to provide office space         quit and that the case would really go to trial,
tions, the International Atomic Energy Agency,         for Thornton's attorney, Lew Oliver . Pax Christi   Albany's new mayor offered an out-of-court
which, although a UN agency, works very                hopes to provide lodging for Thornton and           settlement for $350,000. Turning it down,
closely with Washington, calls for even wider          Oliver during the trial, inform the Utica com-      Thornton remarked, "You can't buy truth and
inspections . If, in fact, North Korea has no          munity of this case and try to generate a pres-     justice." At this, thejudge moved the trial once
nuclear weapons, there may be no way to                ence for the courtroom. As we go to press,          again, this time to Utica.
prove it . North Korean officials may fear there       efforts are underway to work with others in               Last spring, Alice Green noted this case
will always be calls for more inspections . No         Utica, including the paper, Corn Hill Speaks,       would be a chance for upstate communities to
matter what they do, there will be those in the        and other churches and activ-                                   network and support one another . In
United States who will work to insure that             ists .                                                          coming together about the Jessie
North Korea remains an enemy state.                           Readers will remember we                                 Davis trial, Utica citizens said they,
      U .S . allies in Asia are not in accord with     Syracusans got involved in the                                  too, have difficulties with police.To
the stick part of Washington's carrot and stick        Davis lawsuit last June at the                                 participate in this continuing effort,
approach toward North Korea . Japan and China          request of Alice Green of                                      in Syracuse call Nancy Rhodes at
have been urging the Clinton administration            Albany's Center for Law & Jus-                                 474-6603 or in Utica,Jane Domigue
to follow the path of steady negotiations rather       tice. On July 8, 1984, Albany                                  at 732-3581.
than that of military threat. They don't want to
see things get out of hand.
      South Korea on the whole, has been urg-          peace and an end to nuclear proliferation do?       history of hostility and mistrust, but also be-
ing patience . South Korean leaders, whose             In 1991 North Korea and South Korea reached         cause the United States urged South Korea to
intelligence agencies are obsessed with the            historic agreements that included a non-ag-         go slow with implementation negotiations.
potential North Korean threat, state that North        gression pact, the creation of a nuclear-free       We need to urge Washington to full-heartedly
Korea has not developed the nuclear bomb.              zone in all of Korea, economic cooperation,         back the agreements that have already been
South Korea knows that it has outspent North           the reunion of divided families and a staged        reached.
Korea two-to-one on its military for the past          plan to achieve Korean reunification . These             We need to support the negotiations side
twenty years and feels it has the military upper       agreements have not been fully implemented.         of the Clinton administration's stance toward
hand .                                                 In part, this failure is because of a fifty year    North Korea and oppose further U .S . military
      South Korea did agree to ac-                                                                                     buildup in Korea . If North Korea
cept a shipment of Patriot missiles                                                                                    does have a nuclear weapons de-
from the U .S . With nearly 40,000                                                                                     velopment program, theU .S . mili-
U.S . troops on its soil, it may not                                                                                    tary threat and bluster is a very
have felt it had much choice. After                                                                                    good way to convince them to try
the Gulf War, Seoul considered buy-                                                                                     to proceed . We also need to go
ing Patriot missiles to augment its                                                                                    further and press Washington to
military, but after examination, con-                                                                                   withdraw all of our troops from
cluded that they don't work . The                                                                                       Korea. Until they go, every few
shipment of missiles is a political,                                                                                   months, as the Pentagon budget
not a military, gesture . The gesture                                                                                   winds its way through Congress,
may be aimed more toward the                                                                                            we will hear about the threat of
American public than the North ;          r                                                                            war in Korea.
                                                                                                                               David was a staff person
Koreans as a means of building
support for defense spending.                                                                                           for the Syracuse Peace Council
                                                                                                                        from 1968 until 1974 . He is
      What should those of us who                                                                                       currently the cooralnator of ~b
are genuinely concerned about                                                                                           Campus Action in Albany, NY.


                                                                                                                        5/94 Peace Newsletter 9
Reflections On Cuba
My Recent 'rip to Havana, March 27-April 3, 1994
Joan Goldberg                                               to challenge the travel ban . I wanted to do it talked about what hard workers people are.
                                                            legally (whatever that means). Anyway, after But because of the transportation problem
                                                            much anxiety and many long distance phone (lack of gasoline and spare parts because of
                                                            calls, when we were secure in the knowledge the US blockade), sometimes the bus doesn't
                                                            that we had an elaborate telephone tree in come so they can't get to work. And he said to
                                                            place here should any problems arise (thanks     me, "You'll be surprised. The things you hear

I   WENT TO CUBA mainly out of curiosity. to Hank Strunk), a friend and I made our aren't true."
    What was life in a "communist dictator- reservations.
ship" really like? Having already been to Nica-
                                                                                                                                             With the collapse
                                                                 We drove                                                             of the Soviet Union and
ragua and Guatemala I knew enough not to                    to Toronto . No        The Cold War is over, yet our                      the subsequent tightens
believe what my government was telling me, problems. Cana-                         government continues to de-                        ing of the US blockade,
and I wanted to experience it for myself. Was dians don't care;                     monize Castro, and impose                         Cuba has needed to make
it really possible to do on my own? I heard that they go to Cuba
                                                                                 illegal, immoral and inhumane major economic adjust
one could fly directly to Havana from Canada as easily as we                                                                          ments . This time in.
for about $350. I also knew that there were go to Jamaica,                            restrictions on      the   Cuban                Cuba's history is referred
certain travel restrictions . Cuba is the only the Bahamas,                               people (and on us).                         to as the Special Period;.
country to which US citizens cannot freely Puerto Rico . I                                                                            a time in which a war-
travel (or, at least, where they are not allowed was envious at how easy it was for them . They time economy exists although there is no war.
to spend any money) . Two of the exceptions treated it openly, naturally, casually . It was It is a difficult, uncomfortable time for people,
are traveling for news-gathering or research just another trip, another place.                               but one does not get the feeling that they have
purposes . I must admit there was something                        On the plane I talked with a Canadian given up. There are many scarcities : paper;
exciting about the forbidden nature of it all.              businessman who was trying to help the Cu-       medicines (asthma medicine, insulin, antibi-
      Anyway, I got the necessary documenta- bans develop plants to process chicken. He otics), pencils and school supplies, sanitary,
tion—a letter from a university professor au - has been there 12 times in 19 months trying to napkins. There are also restrictions on ser-,
thorizing me to do research in my field, the get this project in place. It was a very different vices to limit the use of electricity . We were
form on which to indicate the purpose of my experience for him than in China where the unable to see public video showing of "Fare-
trip and my passport for identification pur- deal was consummated in 15 minutes . He well My Concubine" because there was no
poses (it is not stamped by Cuban authorities).             talked about all the foreign investing going on power.
Since most people go on delegations of some                 in Cuba now—so much by Spain that they say             Food is rationed . People receive certain
sort, and I didn't know anyone who had gone that Spain is "reconquering" Cuba.                               allotments . Cooking oil and gasoline are espe-
on his/her own, it was not easy for me to get                     In the past year and a half this business- cially. scarce . One week you get four eggs,
information on what documentation was man has seen some changes . He said the another week maybe ten . You never know
needed, how easy this was going to be to do people have become more aggressive, but that                     advance ; it depends on what's available . Many
and what would happen at the border coming the street are safe . That there are virtually no people told us that the rations don't last for a
back into the United States. I was not prepared drugs because of harsh penalties . He also month and so people have to rely on the black
                                                                                                             market.
                                                                                                                   People wait in long lines at stores to
                                                                                                             secure their ration of food and at bus stops for
                                                                                                             a bus that may be three hours late or never
                                                                                                             come at all. Making a telephone call can be
                                                                                                             difficult; it is often hard to make connections.
                                                                                                             And there is no such thing as a telephone
                                                                                                             directory. It is practically impossible to fmd
                                                                                                             out what events are going on since there are so
                                                                                                             few newspapers and magazines.
                                                                                                                   People receive lunch at their workplace,
                                                                                                             but some days now there is no lunch . A North
                                                                                                             American friend living and teaching English
                                                                                                             in Havana told us that the elevator operator in
                                                                                                             her building, and also her students, had to go
                                                                                                             without lunch one day because of the food
                                                                                                             shortages.
                                                                                                                    In Old Havana we were constantly
 Pastors For Peace mural at the Martin Luther King Center in Havana,
                                                                                                             stopped and asked for money or something—
                                                               Cuba, April 1994 . Photo by Joan Goldberg


10 Peace Newsletter 5/94
even the pen in my friend's shirt pocket . Then
there were people wanting to sell us some-
thing—peso's, cigars, a drug to lower choles-
terol . A man walked along with us, and as we
talked about life in Cuba and Pastors for Peace
suddenly he was asking for money to buy soap
for his baby. School children asked for pencils
for school.
      We were told that often these items would
then be sold on the black market. We were
advised by a number of people not to give
things away on the street but to an agency for
distribution; giving directly to people and sup-
porting the black market takes away from
what the country is trying to accomplish. People "We have something the rich do not own, we have our bodies and spirits and the justice of our cause as our weapons"
are making a living however they can. They Ceaser Chavez, Detail of Pastors for Peace mural at the Martin Luther King Center, Havana, Cuba, April 1994
are not starving. The goat is to make sure that repression or oppression (as I did in Guate- ernment. They clearly were able to make the
everyone has something . Cubans are very mala in 1990).                                                   separation.
proud of the fact that education (including             We talked to people everywhere—in                         Certainly it was impossible to find out
books, materials, etc.) and health care are free. parks, on the street, in our hotel lobby . They everything I wanted to know, see everything I
Rent is ten percent of one's salary.              were warm, friendly and responsive and very wanted to see, do everything I wanted to do in
      From our hotel it was possible to walk to open to talking with us . They were eager to one week . But what was confirmed for me and
most of the places we wanted to visit . Tourist send messages to the American people, letters what challenges all the myths and propaganda
taxis—paid for in dollars—were plentiful but to their families in the States.                             that are perpetuated by our government, is that
not cheap. We felt quite safe walking at night         They wanted to know our impressions of it is possible to go to Cuba without any hassle,
even though there are frequent blackouts (at Cuba and our motivation for coming, and they it is a free and open society (especially consid-
different times of day in different areas of the would beam proudly when we said that we ering the present special circumstances) and
city) and streets are not well lit, in fact some liked their country, that it was beautiful. Many one is perfectly free to do and see what one
are often totally dark . We were told that there were surprised when we said we were from the wants . And experiencing just a little of the
was not much crime but that because of the United States . They don't meet many US reality that is Cuba with all its complexities
economic situation and the increasing des- citizens . The tourists are mostly Europeans, and contradictions has strengthened my com-
peration of the people, purse snatching and Mexicans, Latin Americans, Canadians . They mitment to all those I met there (Pedroso, Rita,
bicycle thefts had increased. Even when people were interested in what people in the United Emesto, Jose, Michael, Andrea, Roberto, Ethel
hassled us on the                                                           States thought about and all whose names I don't know or don't
street, theydidn ' tper-       They want the American                       Cuba. We were sad to remember) to bring back their messages.
sist, and there was                                                         have to tell them that               Here's how you can get involved : '
certainly no threat of         people to know the truth                     most people know 1) Join the growing number of CNYers who
violence.                                                                   very little or believe have recently traveled to Cuba . Make the trip
        Before I left, one of my Syracuse col- the lies that the US government tell . But they and see for yourself . The Cuba Information
leagues cynically commented that "they" all are aware of Pastors for Peace and Charles Project sponsors a variety of delegations in-
would show me just what "they" wanted me to Rangel and are encouraged by their efforts.                    cluding delegations for lesbians and gay men.
see. Contrary to her impression, we were to-           When I told the Cuban people I met that 212-227-3422. (See page 14 for information
tally free to go wherever we wanted—free to I was there to see the reality for myself and to on a multi-ethnic student delegation being
photograph, to videotape. This was Cuba?! go home and tell the people in my country organized with MESCLAS for June.) 2) Let
Because of the difficulties involved in setting about my experiences, they would smile and President Clinton know you want the block-
up meetings ahead of time, we often just nod and once a group even applauded. They ade to end and the freedom to travel to Cuba.
wandered in without an appointment (to a want the American people to know the truth. 3) Save May 14 for a Si Por Cuba event, 8 PM,
nursing home, The Federation of Cuban Most people we spoke with were very proud of Plymouth Congregational Church for Reflec-
Women, the Public Health Education Office, their country, their culture, their history, their tions on Cuba, videos, slides, live music, po-
The Center for the Third Age, the Jewish revolution. And while I could not help feeling etry, desserts and much more! Bring dona-
Community House of Cuba) . Yet everyone guilty for the suffering that my government tions of humanitarian aid . (See enclosed flyer)
was very welcoming and took the time to meet was bringing to these people, they bore no
with us, talk with us, show us around . No- enmity toward me for the actions of my gov-                       ,Joan is an adult education consultant
                                                                                                           and a local activist with the Central America
where did we experience feelings or signs of                                                               Caribbean Coalition.
The National Guard Goes to Guatemala
The U.S . Takes its Training South of he Border
Ann Peters and Tom Joyce                            the 1986 air raid on Libya. Since 1984, Guard 1954, the US went on to supply substantial
                                                    units have also been sent to Honduras, fre- amounts of military training and other forms
                                                    quently in not-so-covert support of the Contra of support for the Guatemalan armed forces.
                                                    War and the militarization of Central America. US "Green Beret" Special Forces units were
                                                    While Honduras appeared to be transformed trained in Guatemala in techniques to be used
                                                    into one giant military operation, people in the in the rainforests of Viet Nam. The Guatema-

T     HE MISUSE OF the New York National
      Guard should again be an issue for up-
state New Yorkers . For the second year, over
                                                    United States organized to protest National lan military had close contact with concepts
                                                    Guard (and regular military) operations in implemented by the US in Viet Nam, such as
                                                    Central America and other conflict areas . Citi- that of military controlled "strategic hamlets"
4,500 National Guard units from eight North-        zen actions included lobbying, demonstra- imposed on civilian communities in areas of
eastern States will be undergoing active train-      tions and civil disobedience.                       conflict . In the period of the "Alliance for
ing in Guatemala in two weeks shifts over a six            Although US                                                              Progress" in 1960s,
month period. The Guatemalan military forces         governors have fre- Previous U.S. military engage-                             US officials pro-
are generally considered to be the worst viola-      quently fought for ment in Guatemala ... has not re-                           moted a carof-and-
tors of human rights in the hemisphere, even         control of the Guard, sulted in improved conditions                             stick approach,
worse than the military of Haiti and Peru.           Congress passed the for democracy.                                             combining violent
While many units are engaged in construction,        Montgomery Amend-                                                               action against"sub-
armed units will include those from New York         ment which officially took out-of-country de- versive" community leaders with government-
State. Other NG units will be sent to neighbor-      ployment decisions away from the states. and military-sponsored community develop-
ing El Salvador, where continuing death squad        Governor Cuomo issued conflicting opinions ment programs throughout Latin America.
style assassinations threaten the negotiated         at the time, and there are continuing differ-            Social and economic conditions for the
peace.                                               ences of opinion at all levels of government on majority of Guatemalans have continued to be
      The National Guard units were originally       the appropriate use of the National Guard.          extremely harsh . Any protest has been met
designed as state militias controlled by the               US National Guard troops are presently with violence at the hands of the armed forces.
 governors with only a strictly reserve capacity     in Guatemala to participate in so-called "com- The concept of "disappearing" an assassi-
 in the national Armed Forces . However, be-         munity development" projects together with nated person was first developed in Guate-
 ginning with the mobilization for WWI, the          Guatemalan military units . They will be leav- mala, as a form of psychological torture . The
 War Department/Defense Department has oc-           ing twelve Blackhawk helicopters, along with "scorched earth" campaign directed at farm-
 casionally taken control of the National Guard.     over 300 pieces of heavy construction equip- ing cooperatives and indigenous Maya com-
 Since the end of the military draft in 1973 the    'ment that can be used in road building and munities in the early 1980s produced thou-
 National Guard has become totally integrated        similar projects in Guatemala . At first glance sands of refugees who fled to Mexico or tried
 with active forces. Now there are over 400,000      this may look like a relatively harmless series to hide in swelling shantytowns around the
 people in the Army National Guard and over          of exercises, in the tradition of the US Army larger towns and cities.
 100,000 in the Air National Guard, making the       Corps of Engineers . The Pentagon cites a                Under General Rios Montt in the early
 latter the world's largest air force.               need for "constructive engagement" with the 1980s, massacre survivors were organized
      The New York National Guard has been           Guatemalan Military and argues that US train- into "Model Villages" (or "Development
 training out of state since the 1960s, and units     ing and joint exercises provide a democratic Poles") under army supervision . They were
 participated in the 1983 Grenada invasion and        influence on Latin American military institu- promised roads and schools . In return for food,
                                                                                 Lions known for po- Model . Village residents were expected to
                                                                                 litical intervention in participate in paramilitary patrols and work
                                                                                 domestic affairs and gangs. Soon this system was systematized
                                                                                 violent action throughout the Maya highlands where all "adult
                                                                                 against their own men" are expected to serve in "Voluntary
                                                                                 citizens.                Civil Defense Patrols" one day each week
                                                                                      Previous US without pay and to report on any "subversives"
                                                                                 military engagement in their community for the army.
                                                                                 in Guatemala and              Guatemala returned to civilian govern-
                                                                                 elsewhere in the re- ment in 1985 but can still be considered a
                                                                                 gion has not resulted militarized society . Although assassinations
                                                                                 in improved condi- continue, a variety of citizens' groups have
                                                                                 tions for democracy. arisen to call for respect for human rights and
                                                                                 After the US spon- a decent standard of living.
                                                                                 sored military coup
                                                                                                                  Voluntary Violence cont'd on
                                                                                 in Guatemala in
                                                                                                                                              page 19
 Big	                   Doing Their Act on the Road
12 Peace Newsletter 5/94
	




                                                                  C'~un~v ~e ear
    The Choice is Clear : Reclaiming Activism
                                                        on opposing a health care package that covers ter approach to the issue . It would help reduce

    P       LANNED PARENTHOOD of Syracuse
          experienced a traumatic attack aimed at
    women seeking medical care and to the health
                                                        abortion . Unless the prochoice community HIV transmission to newborns by treating
                                                        moves quickly to demonstrate support for infected women with the AIDS drug AZT
                                                        health reform that guarantees the inclusion of during pregnancy . The bill would encourage
    care workers who provide it . A woman,posing        all reproductive health services including abor-            pregnant women to have a confidential, vol-
    as a patient,poured butyric acid onto the floor     tion, Congress will give in to the opposition .             untary test and receive HIV counseling and
    and down a vent of the clinic restroom and ran      The Christian Coalition has launched a $1 .4                information or begin AZT therapy, if needed.
    out the back door . Within the last two years,      million campaign through advertising, and the                      Members from the Coalition For Choice
    this tactic has been used to disrupt offices        Catholic Church is distribating- postcards at                      with :rEsentatives from NYS-NARAL
    where abortions take place . Butyric acid has       Sunday mass to urge Cons to re c t abor                     tU tt        k oil::::    current issues facing pro-
    an overpowering, long-lasting stench of ran-        non because it is "no t <lie&ithcare ." They                choice adv c            ;ItL;response to the DeMoss
    cid vomit and penetrates the porous materials       oppose the inclusionofother services as well,               Ads (see Coalition .S :ticle in March PNL)
    in a building . Planned Parenthood did not          Speaking onmental-health andstthO# abuse which. lave- been aired t1:;.networks nation-
    interrupt services as staff worked around the       programs,          :Christtah Aalllian asserts              wide, I t'$- ,r1 i~G produced a Public Ser-
    disruption of the clean up crew and endured         "Church outg famtU                  1e prone to rage        v c nno4ncement, The New rk City ad
    the noxious fumes . PPCS hasn't experienced         these.                                                                   firm      Mad Dos and glishrnen,-Vetisg
    this kind of attack since a series of arson                       anon          #~ tt's Re~tt~ ttetrve: a.g edto domtate then':s ices to theproject.
    attempts in 1990 . The Syracuse Police were         Heal .                 `t5:s kte€ zi or g y 1$ It           AIYS AI} RAL :teas alsv ed a letter writing
    slow to respond to the initial 911 call which       is a day-to call your-eOngi           rsor3 :8ttd Sena      eampatgs to major btoadeasting networks pro-
    may be related to a new administration. Mayor       tors and It them lataw het health care;                1 testing `: to Ike Moss M s and ctu gxatulating
    Roy Bernardi (R) is anti-choice and a member        untvei ] ;: : :it does Tkot       lit , farrul'     att     networks sash as NBC-TV who havere ected
    of a congregation with a pastor who is the          ning}      #na      tive s 'OF 'PSy<;pte natal ca a ::''.:<. the Ads, P1 aset unite letters to local networks
    leader of the local Operation Rescue.               sex el Batt        a     abortien #axwtces. for all         whct :a a to air ads that treat reproductive
          If Roe V. Wade is not in imminent danger                                                                       lsio s like perfusrh, but continue to refuse
    of reversal, efforts to deny women access to                                                                    paid advertises fdt condoms, The danger of
    abortion and other reproductive health care         have                                      iottinerease th            tttoa .Ards is that they are geared to-
    services continues. Active on the state and         in fund'""                                  acs tttthe *atda, teens whose view of parenting may
    local levels, anti-choice activists are working     State budgo                                   dram 8:&Irea4y be Idealized and are unable to take on
    to create every kind of obstacle to reproduc-       is under negolia                          wide s bsi-        its Iifiang . responsibility.
    tive health care services for women .Speaking       dized health Ins                         tltcte chil-                  a' ti pf#al ;.crusade has utilized the
    on the Council of Bishops at a recent panel on      dren, including teii                  atttitC<fer-                                       -ti tewell . The Coalition
    "Religion and Politics" at Le Moyne College,        ence has opposed co 'O I ng ealtl# Bate for                          bi e n dr tE7 i*eclaim grassroots activ-
     an assistant professor of political science dis-   teens because it might                  I n ra n ye                  .[eal*kt'affi d Clinton complacency.
                                                                                                                              s3                 .
     cussed the wide capacity of the Catholic           and abortion services. The Schm   "                                       :
                                                                                                                    A.tthis t 't*t ..oalition For Choice needs to
     Church to work on the National, State, or local    ics Bill (A. 6538) passed the Assembly but is come together . We need to activate on the
     level . "[The Catholic Church] is, in short, a     facing opposition in the Senate . Again, the                 state and local levels and to monitor and
     remarkable entity ."                               Catholic Conference has a moral objection.                   expose the political agenda of the Religious
            The agenda of the Catholic Bishops is to    Reproductive health is an integral part of pri-              Right. Please let the Coalition know that we
     restrict medicaid funding for abortions, man-      mary care for adolescents . We need to meet                  still have your support and write to the address
     date spousal consent, mandate parental con-        the real needs of unintended pregnancy and                   below with your membership donation . As a
     sent for minors and place a 24-hour waiting        sexually transmitted infections, including HIV               part of the Peace Newsletter, The Coalition
     period on women seeking an abortion . These        in New York State schools.                                   For Choice has the opportunity to update a
     abortion laws are being created on the state             Two current bills discuss ways in which                wide community on the issues of choice. If the
     level and target the most vulnerable women in       to curb HIV in newborns . Assemblywoman                     voices for women ' s health care are not loud
     our society—young women, women who may             Nettie Mayersohn from Queens introduced a                    and numerous, other legislative priorities will
     be victims of domestic violence, rural women       bill (A .6747) which requires mandatory test-                prevail . For specific information on the cur-
     and women with limited financial resources.         ing for all newborns . This legislation would               rent legislative agenda, contact Lauren Wing
     For example, a new bill has been introduced in      ensure that newborns receive health care if at Planned Parenthood, 475-5540 . As exem-
     Albany which would restrict Medicaid Fund-          tested positive, but because newborns are born plified by the recent chemical attack on Planned
     ing for Abortion (S .7153) except in cases of       with their mother's antibodies, a mother's Parenthood, we need to continue to advocate
     rape, incest or life endangerment .We need to      HIV status is also revealed. This bill would go for a woman's right to comprehensive repro-
     watch that New York does not follow                 against the New York State law of confidenti- ductive health care without intimidation,
     Pennslyvania and implement abortion laws            ality in HIV testing and place a pregnant harassment or legislative obstacles.
     that restict women's access to basic health         woman in danger of discrimination . A new bill                             Coalition For Choice,            db
     care .                                              proposed by Senate Health Committee Chair,                          PO Box 761, Dewitt, NY 13210
             Recent anti-choice activity has focused     Michael Tully (R-Nassau), seems to be a bet-                       Lauren Wing works in advocacy at
                                                                                                                     Planned Parenthood of Syracuse.

                                                                          4,                                                 5 94 Peace News
	




                                                                                                              IIESCIAS
                                                                                                                multi-ethnic
                                                         Peace Action CNY                                        student delegation
                                                         (formerly SANE/FREEZE) continues work
                                                         on three major priorities:
                                                                                                                         cubs
                                                                                                                      to cubs'
        lima' Research Is A Health Care Crisis                 1. Cutting military spending to fund          Break Two Blockades at Once!
          People for Animal Rights (PAR) joins the       human needs                                                Travel to Cuba with MESCLAS : the
       inton administration in advocating for a                2. Achieving a comprehensive ban on           multi-ethnic student delegation to cuba . we'll
       iange in the U.S . Health System. We advo-        nuclear testing.                                    be in cuba 3rd june till 13th of june. come on
      Lte that vivisection—the use of live animals             3. Ending the global arms trade.              down with us . a group of 18 to 29 year olds are
        research—must be considered in develop-                Our most recent "Reinvest in Syracuse"        traveling together, mainly from central new
      ig new policy. Vivisection retards true medi-      report shows the detrimental effects of the         york . elana levy, who has visited cuba three
      al progress wasting billions of dollars, delay-    military obsession on the Syracuse economy          times in the last year and a half, will be leading
     ng true preventive or curative treatment and        and illustrates what could be done by redirect-     the delegation.
    ;ausing untold cruelty to innocent animals.          ing funds . We also have recently completed a              besides our stay in havana, we'll be visit-
          In animal experiments, live beings are         slide show on this topic which is available to      ing santa clara for a couple of days, and we're
    burned, blinded, suffocated, shocked, poi-           community groups . Working together we can          flying to the Isle of Youth . that's where the
    soned, crushed, made to consume alcohol and          raise the volume to protest twisted national        cuban government has established schools for
    forced to endure other agony . A great share of      priorities.                                         young people from the third world . we'll be
    these procedures are trivial, redundant and                We are co-ordinating our efforts on the       meeting with students from angola and/or
    unnecessary. Vivisectors have become condi-          Comprehensive Test Ban through the recently         mozambique who are studying there. we'll be
    tioned to thinking of animals as "tools," ignor-     established CTB Clearinghouse which is co-          staying in a guest house on the beach!
    ing the pain their methods inflict.                  sponsored by Peace Action, Physicians for                  in Santa Clara we have been invited by
          Scientists in many countries have con-         Social Responsibility, Plutonium Challenge          the director of a avant-garde night club there,
    demned lethal dose toxicity tests with animals       and Greenpeace . It is extremely important to       el mejunje, to be his special guests. we wil
    for the brutality and irrelevance to the human       activate the public to call for the negotiations    also visit a family doctor, a day care center an
    condition. The development and validation of          in the Committee on Disarmament to be com-         the university center located there.
    non-animal methods have become bogged                pleted by September 7, 1994, in order to put us            our days in havana will be filled wi
    down in the politics of corporate inertia, prod-      in a credible position to work for the Non-        meetings with young members of the cub
    uct liability fears and expense . We must con-       proliferation Treaty in 1995.                       national assembly (their congress) ; visi
    tinue to pressure companies and the govern-                Our arms trade goal is to achieve passage     the national center for sexual education
    ment to explore and adopt methods that are            of an Arms Trade Code of Conduct, (HR 3538;        discuss the cuban aids policy ; visitng cu
    humane and scientifically relevent. Preven-           S 1677) as a small first step towards              nueve, an innovative and environmentall
    tive medicine must be advocated.                      delegitimizing the merchants of death . Our        conscious factory which makes paper fr
           If animal experimentation continues,           May 3 meeting at May Memorial will provide          the by-product of sugarcane ; a once very p
    medical progress will remain retarded. The            information and action of this topic.               neighborhood where there are many cons
    results of these experiments can never be                  Don't miss the opportunity to support our      tion projects organized primarily by the w
    reliably extrapolated to humans . The nature of       work and have a unique musical evening at the       in the community, etc and so forth.
    human diseases such as cancer is a complex            same time: Welcome Tony Trischka back to                  we'll be busy, but we'll also have tim
    process which involves psychological, envi-           his home town on May 21 at May Memorial in          walk around to meet and talk and party.
    ronmental and genetic factors . Yet scientists        a special concert to benefit Peace Action.                so join us. the cost from the time we l
    continue to artifically induce these diseases in      Meet your friends early—7 PM—for a scrump-          miami airport early on june third till we
    animals, resulting in intense pain and suffer-        tious variety of home-baked desserts before         back in miami airport on the thirteenth of
    ing to the "models," as they are termed by            the 8 PM concert.                                   is about one thousand dollars . that incl
    scientists. Had pencillin (which was not de-                Trischka is known both as "One of the         our flight to and from havana, our hotel,
    veloped with animal "models ") been tested on         best banjo players on the bluegrass scene           transportation, guides, etc.
    guinea pigs, it would not be in use today             today" (Bluegrass Canada) and "One of the                  j ,interested? call elana : (315) 472-
    because it is highly toxic to the guinea pig, just    most inventive banjoists alive" (Billboard)..       a .s.a.p.
    as aspirin is toxic to cats.                          He will play a solo concert with two sets,
           People for Animal Rights demonstrated          concluding with a "Down City Rambles Re-
    at Bristol Myers in Syracuse on April 30. We          union" with Tom Hosmer, John Cadley ; band
     united with others across the country in World       members from his Syracuse University days,
    Liberation for Animals in Laboratories Week.          and friend John Rossbach.
     For more information about vivisection, call               See the enclosed flyer for more informa-
             .00   DTT1?R                                 tion on the concert, and call for details on any
                                                            -     --•---I- .,t A7R27aA7
	




                                          Syracuse Real Food Cooperative



    Volume 9, Number 4                                  Free                                                         April, 1994
            A Member Owner and Operated Grocery Store • 618 Kensington Road, Syracuse New York • 472-1385



                                               Environmentally Correct                      Towards A Multi-Issue
                                                       Beer                                    Food Politics
        ♦     General Membership             It's Saturday evening . The yard work       I remember my house-mate creating
              Meeting                        is done . Friends are coming over to sit    the crimson lettered sign announcing
     Next general membership meeting is      on the porch . You're a loyal Coop          the arrival of the meat at the co-op.
     on:                                     shopper--you've got chips, salsa, fruit     That was years ago when the co-op
                                             spritzers, pretzels . The temptation to     resumed selling free range beef. A
     Sunday May 15th at ECOH,                go elsewhere to pick up a six pack of       core worker at the time, I had protest
     (located at the corner of Euclid and    beer is great. You feel guilty; what if     against the selling of flesh at the
     Westcott Streets).                      someone you know sees you there?            co-op.
     A pot-luck dinner begins at 5,          Can you walk down an isle of sweets
                                                                                         As staff of the co-op I was exposed to
     meeting to follow from 6 till 8.        without succumbing to further
                                                                                         many of the confusing intricacies of
                                             temptation? Is it worth it?
     If you would like to submit an                                                      my own food sources . We have
     agenda item please call Sue or any      Hey, it doesn't have to be this way.        members with all sorts of food
     staff members at the Co-op.                                                         allergies that force them to intake key
                                                                                         minerals and nutrients through the
                                                                                         consumption of meat and dairy . How
        ♦     Changes at the                                                             hard it must have been for them to go
              Newleaf                                                                    through life unable to enjoy the
     We are sorry to announce that                                                       cornucopia of foods my privilege
     Steve Shure has stepped down as                                                     allowed me daily, while at the same
     the editor of the Newleaf. All is                                                   forced to defend themselves against
     not lost though ; the position has                                                  the guilt-based anti-meat propaganda.
     been filled by the dynamic team of                                                  When unloading inventory shipments,
     Kathy Barry and Brian Caufield.                                                     I discovered the "healthy" foods on
     Brian has been a Coop member                                                        the shelves were owned by
     since 1981 and brings his                                                           multinational corporations who
     experience at desk-top publishing       There are many small breweries whose
                                                                                         shipped these foods and their
     to this position . Kathy, a member      politics and products would fit well in
                                                                                         components around the planet.
     since 1984, brings her experience       our Coop, and a number are even
                                                                                         Fantastic Foods, our biggest supplier
     in Graphics.                            brewing organic beers . What makes a
                                                                                         of vegetarian instants, is owned by
                                             beer organic, you ask? Currently the
     Our goal is to make the Newleaf                                                     Borker Farms . Borker Farms has the
                                             Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and
     an independently distributed,                                                       distinction of being the largest factory
                                             Firearms must authorize the marketing
     monthly newsletter with its                                                         farmed chicken operation in the world.
                                             of all beer, and since there is no
     production costs covered by                                                         Morton salt is often stocked in the salt
                                             national standard in place, the ATF
     advertising . To accomplish this,                                                   bin . Morton has been boycotted for a
                                             won't allow a product to be labeled
     we are going to need all sorts of                                                   long time because of bad labor
                                             " organic beer " . Brewers use labels
     help from the community . If you                                                    practices and gay and lesbian
                                             like "organically produced" to signify
     or someone you know has a                                                           discrimination . Nabisco owns several
                                             to consumers that their beer was kept
     business that advertises, why not                                                   smaller health food companies ; such as
                                             from inorganic materials at all states of
     take out an add? Our rates will be                                                  Red Oval Farms, makers of stoned
                                             production--during farming,
     very reasonable and it also makes                                                   wheat thins . I can't not mention Dole
                                             transportation, handling and brewing.
     you look really cool!                                                               Fruit's ownership of many California
                                             Brewers also list that the ingredients of
                                                                                         organic farms . On top of all this, we
                                                           next page .                                 next page.
	




    Food Politics, continued:                                      _o


    also can't forget the dual-degradation                                    Come   on in fbr
    of the environment and animals living
    in that environment when ever these
                                                                   Jung . at the CO-OP
    companies ship their products from
    warehouse to warehouse.
                                                                        off our Capital Dr ve
    Over these same years I have dabbed
                                                                         Welcome our Neighbors                      ;;.-
    in urban organic gardening . The -
    complexities of our food issues                                     Treat yourself to new foods
    became clearer as I saw the reliance of                                Listen to good music
    organic farming on the beef and diary                          iscover your CO-OP bene
    industry . The earth has an amazing
                                                                 Every Weekend in the Month of June
    system that breaks down animals,
    vegetation and stones into rich fertile                             with a Special Day; otp,
    soil over a period of 2000 years . For                               aturda t i 25t
    us to mimic this system in a much
    shorter time without allowing our own
    bodies to fall dead on the ground to
    rot, requires inputs from the beef and
    dairy industry . Organic farming
    depends on off farm inputs of chicken       find creative new solutions not people
    or cow manure, byproducts of the beef       to blame.                                  grown hops.
    and diary industry . For soil preperation                                              There are a number of imported
    organic gardening needs byproducts of       Aspen Olmsted
                                                                                           organic beers also . Pinkus Muller,
    the slaughter house bonemeal,                                                          brewed in Munster, Germany, was the
    bloodmeal, and hoofineal.
                                                Beer, continued:                           first organic beer to hit the US market.
    We are socialized in our culture to                                                    Golden Promise is brewed in
    believe taht there is one right and god     their brew were organically grown, but     Edinburgh, Scotland and has been
    given answer to all of our social and       this does not tell consumers if the        available in the US since 1993 . Jade
    world problems . In reality all issues      brewery uses chemicals to clear and        Organic French Country Ale is brewed
    are complex, and we act regressively        sanitize their equipment . We're no        in the north of France and is sold in
    instead of progressively by declaring       doubt going to have to wait for the        corked, 750 ml glass bottles . As the
    one act good and the another act bad.       ATF to lose its fascination with the       market establishes itself, an even
    Guilt-based political propaganda is not     700 additives in cigarettes before we      wider variety of organic beers will be
    liberatory to either party in the           can expect to have standards in place      available. Perry's Majestic plans to
    exchange . We need to educate               for organic beer.                          introduce an organic ale and wheat
    ourselves and our communities in a                                                     beer and hopes to be available on draft
                                                Can you expect a different taste from
    way that empowers everyone instead                                                     soon.
                                                organic beers? Yes . Organically grown
    of disempowering people who live in a
                                                barley malt has a greater variability in   If you ' re interested in seeing any of
    system that disempowers them daily.                                                    these beers on your Coop ' s shelves,
                                                extract and hops that are grown
    Purchasing our daily foods in a co-op       organically tend to have a coarser          speak with a manager, put a note on
    is important towards the goal of            bitterness . Brewers have been able to      the 2 cent board so you can connect
    simplifying our food systems and the        develop mellower beers in the past few      with other like-minded Coop shoppers,
    impact of those food systems on the         years, but US brewers have difficulties     or join a committee to consider
    world around it. Small scale organic        obtaining organically grown hops . Of       applying for a permit so that we could
    farms are a great step ahead of             the two domestic organic beers,             sell beer. Imagine buying a six pack
    corporate farming conventional              Perry's Majestic is a Vienna lager, a       this summer in the comfort of your
    methods . Plant based diets are lower       style with a low hop ratio, and New         Coop, away from the life-size cut outs
    on the food chain and have the              Frontier, a product of Frontier Herbs,      of big breasted women that haunt the
    potential of causing less harm to the       uses conventionally grown hops for         ,beer isles of those other places.
    planet and everyone who lives there.        now while it continues to search for an
                                                                                           by Karen Hall with help from Jim
    These three alternatives ate not            adequate supply of organically grown       Dorsch's article, "Organic Beers
    magical . We live in an oppressive and      hops . Demand coupled with low             Beginning to Appear" in December's
    exploitive culture that requires            supply helps make the price of
                                                                                           Ale Street News.
    constant thinking and changing to           organically grown hops dear, almost
    overcome our problems . We need to          five times the cost of conventionally
		




                                                        C' c AHawav/C,Ae v (a urfaw

      Sister Community Project Visits El Salvador
     Paul Weichselbaum                                 last year with funds raised for a            ir~~xtoa
                                                       very specific project, this year our           '_
                                                       funds were given (in equal .propor-
                                                       Rion) to the "directivas" (coun -

     T    HE CIVIL WAR in El Salvador produced cils) and the "congregac-iones de
          deep and lasting ties between the people madres" (mothers' groups) of each &
     of that country and many people in Central of the five "caserios" (hamlets).
     New York . For nearly two weeks in late Feb- While quite afew individuals came                                                              t
     ruary and early March of this year, eight Cen- to members of our group with requests for                  members of our group have joined Nancy as
     tral New Yorkers travelled to the community personal help or private projects, the directivas             monitors for the April 24 runoff. Meaningful
     of La Estancia in the highlands of Morazan were quite full of worthwhile collective projects              ties between CNY and Central America are
     province. We are participants in a Sister Com - and our efforts will continue to be to help the           being pursued at all levels, and in the process
     munity Project, or "hermanamiento" that links community as a whole.                                       efforts of reconstruction have become as im-
     our snowbound, industrialized region with the          The La Estancia-Sister Community                   portant as our traditional activities of bearing
     beautiful and largely undeveloped agricul- Project is committed for the long haul . We                    witness and the organization of protests.
     tural hamlets which make up La Estancia.          believe the personal relationship established
          Our trip this year follows a more brief with the people of La Estancia has value on                                                              46
                                                                                                               Central American Report :
     sojourn last year, in which the most direct and many levels . The individuals involved benefit            • The next CACC meeting will be on
     concrete links to the Salvadoran people were from the cultural and social interchange from                Wednesday, May 11 from 6 to 7 :30 PM at
     established by our locality, since we provided concrete insights into the workings of eco-                Plymouth Congregational Church, followed
     sanctuary to the Castillo-Zamora family in the nomic development and the disparities in                   by Witness For Peace, La Estancia-Syracuse
     late 1980s . Fittingly, Roberto Zamora accom- wealth (and what we each do with it) between
                                                                                                               Sister Community Project, and Cuba Friend-
     panied we gringos on both trips, and made our Salvadorans and U .S . citizens . Our communi-              shipment meetings.
     way much easier and more meaningful . The ties benefit by forging a link which did not                    • Pastors for Peace will have another cara -
     purpose of our trip, and of writing about it, was exist and then emphasizing our interconnec-             van that may pass through Syracuse, this time
     not, however, mere travelogue . We were made tions, and by reminding us of links which                    in June, with a destination of several Central
     vividly aware of the scars of war, of the hopes existed but remained invisible to most people             American countries. Look in this space for
     of those whom we might expect to have no in this country : the U .S . funding of the Salva-               information next month.
     hope and of the continuing cost of an en- doran government's war of official and semi-                    •      Next month CACC will discuss a poten-
     trenched, oppressive economic system (both official terror, which left the people of Morazan              tial boycott of Guatemalan specialty coffees.
     within El Salvador and internationally).          often physically wounded but spiritually                •      The fast to close the school of the Ameri-
          Most impressive in La Estancia is the strong.                                                        cas is going on now in Washington, DC. Look
     commitment of the people to cooperative de-            Future notes in this space willdetail fund-        for updates . Every Monday at noon there is a
     velopment. There are five very small commu- raising projects and profile the remarkable                   vigil in solidarity for half an hour at the Federal
     nities within La Estancia, spread out over people we met in La Estacia . It is important to               Building in Syracuse.
     probably 100 square kilometers . They have note that a great many Central New Yorkers                     •      The Witness for Peace delegation to Haiti
     built upon years of guerrilla struggle and con- are engaged in direct contacts with Central               is planning a Workathon, probably on June 11.
     sciousness-raising to consider agricultural and America and the Caribbean: Haiti and Cuba as              • Doug Igelsrud and others are planning an
     small-scale manufacturing projects in which a well as El Salvador . Nancy Gwin of the Sister              event in solidarity with Cuba for the middle of
     substantial number of the community partici- Community Project was an observer for the                    May. Please be on the lookout for more infor-
     pate in and benefit from. Whereas we came March 20 Salvadoran elections and two other                     mation .

                                                                 C7
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                                                                                                                          5/94 'Peace Newsletter 17
	




        EEHNt ENEMY LINES'




    Grains of Salt
    Alternative Views of New World Progress                                                                  Technologically Advanced
    Brian Dominick                                       Supreme Electoral Tribunal alone. But since Fratricide
                                                         the right wing candidate, the man who ana-              After the recent "mishap" over Northern
                                                         lysts fear will scrap the Salvadoran peace Iraq which involved a case of "mistaken iden-
                                                         process and renew . the war against the people tity" and a subsequent one-sided dog fight,
                                                         at full tilt, looked to be the winner, the Times Uncle Sam's unofficial apologists went to
                                                         declared the elections fair . So what if more work relaying the words of His official apolo-
              ANY PEOPLE on the Left do not read         than 400,000 people, most of whom live in gists. Everyone was busy explaining every-
              the mainstream news at all . They prefer   zones sympathetic to the opposition, were thing except the one thing that everyone was
    our own alternative press and rely heavily           denied the right to vote due to "errors ." In the wondering . I asked people in the Washington,
    upon it. Alexander Cockburn would attribute          end, the same old shit is given a new face . In DC area what they thought of the fact that
    this to the fact that we love to be depressed         the Times' case, it was the smiling mug and American fighters had shot down American
    and let's face it, the corporate media are not        thumbs up of President-elect Calderon gleam- choppers over Iraq . The most common answer
    depressing enough. Boring and monotonous,             ing at the pacified reader.                       on the streets was "I didn't even know we were
    yes, but not depressing.                                    We should be                                                             still over there."
           I love the mainstream dailies and week-        happy that such an                                                                So the Washing-
    lies ; I can't get enough of them. Some people        ethical man won; the         There's no history to sup- ton Post hit the
    head straight for the crossword puzzle or the         same man who de-              port the idea that the US presses that night
    comic strips, but I hit the front page and the op-    clared that since he                                                           with three stories
    eds first. After all, the "news" and "opinions"       hadn't signed the wants to help anyone any- related to the inci-
    are nothing more than funny brain teasers.           peace accords, his            where; especially in Iraq dent . One of them
    Half of the headlines provoke laughter. The           new government will                                                            explained that none
    other half require deciphering.                       not have to obey                                                               of the several sys-
           Reading behind the lines is not a difficult    them . The Washington Post did print an opin- tems employed to prevent such an accident
    task . With practice the chore becomes almost         ion column on April 17 which detailed had worked. Another discussed how such cases
    enjoyable. You learn to substitute certain defi-      Calderon's past — a past full of death squad of "fratricide" are a major cause of American
    nitions for those intended by the reporters and       coordination and participaton, but the writer casualties in modem - ("impersonal'') warfare.
    editors. Once you get the lingo down, you can         still seemed to think the ultra right Unita party Warfare where the enemy is not a human with
    have hours of fun with ' the daily propaganda.        was best fit for the helm, with or without a face but a blinking light with a beep (the
           The fun stops, however, when we begin          Calderon.                                         "friendly fire" syndrome).
    to realize the disastrous effect disinformation              Well, El Salvador is finally out of the         Finally, a third story attempted to mislead
    has on its readers and, in turn, through the          frying pan...                                     and repacify the public by repeating the offi-
    resulting satisfaction and apathy, on the New                                                           cial version of why the aircraft were there in
    World Order.                                                                                            the first place. Incompetent Post staff writers
                                                          YOU'RE M1IUtt!1FNS~A (~LI                         Caryle Murphy and Thomas W . Lippman
    El Salvador: Free at Last?                              ICIE.WE CAfl'1               OIfD               somehow managed to justify continued US
         Judging from the coverage in the New             rnssnE SPECTATORS-If wt sn                        presence over Iraq after exhausting a thesau-
    York Times following El Salvador's latest
    elections (NYT, March 21) the two year cease-
                                                           MO MS   rbtcn taLvisron                          rus but not reaching into their (probably) non-
                                                                                                            existent imaginations . The creativity was the

                                                          wane uP to fl~ ~ 1~
    fire between regimists and revolutionaries has                             .                            State Department's and the Pentagon's, not
    brought democracy to that formerly troubled                                                             that of the puppet reporters . So, this is inves-
    nation. The reader is led to believe that the
    Times had been critical of past Salvadoran                            rASSEb                            tigative journalism . ..
                                                                                                                  Complete with yet another renaming of
    elections. Actually, past election frauds were                   a
                                                                     AWAY u                                 Saddam Hussein (this time he's a "renegade
    deemed "unfit to print" at the time, but are now
    being admitted in order to contrast them with                      DREAM!                               dictator"), the article mentioned in passing
                                                                                                            that part of the reason "bur" troops are still
    the relatively fair, most recent elections.                                                             there is the provision of "enough humanitarian
          The Times did report charges of fraud that                                                        aid to keep the Kurds from fleeing [Iraq] into
    were made by the leftist opposition as the                                                              Turkey. . . " [emphasis added] . Now I realize
    votes were being tallied, but dismissed them                                                            that using your own mind is not in the job
    as "the usual ."                                                                                        description for writers at America's . neoliberal
          Well, the usual, then, is nothing close to                                                        national dailies, so I've done some thinking of
    a democracy . Before the vote count started,                                                            my own. It's quite easy.
    lawyer Felix Ulloa had, himself, counted 151                                                                  Turkey is a client state . Its advantage to
    violations of election rules committed by the                                                            our "national interest" (read : elite's interests)


    I8 Peace Newsletter 5/94
                                           •             Voluntary Violence
                                                         cont'd from page 12
                                                                                                        lence . The Army has responded by asserting
                                                                                                        that only the Guatemalan military is capable
                                                                                                        of carrying out efficient development pro-
 is its strategic location.
 The base the aircraft
                                4"                   The "Mutual Support Group" (GAM) of fami-
                                                     lies of the disappeared, the National Council
                                                                                                        grams . They propose that the Civil Patrol be
                                                                                                        reorganized as "community development"
                                                     of Widows (CONAVIGUA) and the Council              organizations, still under military control..
 were flying from is in Turkey, and "we" want        of Ethnic Communities Runujel Janum" (Ev-                In this context, the U.S . National Guard
 to keep it there. There is currently "unrest"       eryone is Equal") (CERJ) have taken leader-        goes into Guatemala to provide machinery,
  emong Turkey's own Kurdish population, and         ship to defend human rights and challenge          technical assistance, labor and logistic sup-
 the influx of more Kurds could only mean            absolute military power. The same issues have      port for these military-led ."development
 more resistance to that government's racist         been raised in the United Nations and other        projects." Many Guatemalans have objected
 practices . The quid pro quo includes trading a     international forums by Nobel Peace Prize          to these projects as a continuation of cruel
 'military base for "protection" of Turkey from      winner Rigoberta Menchu, a Quiche Maya             military control and political manipulation of
  "invasion" by the Kurds.                           woman who has lost many family members to          their communities . The projects also lend sup-
    __ Of course, our friends at the Post and the    military violence.                                 port to the military's argument that they should
 White House would prefer we accept that US                Last year, the government's Human            control community development and local
presence is mainly to help the troubled Kurds.       Rights Attorney, Ramiro De L eon, was named        political life. They can be seen as a psycho-
`There's no history to support the idea that the     President after a failed internal coup by the      logical warfare operation whose primary ben-
`IJS wants to help anyone anywhere ; espe-           previous president, Jorge Serrano. Guatema-        eficiary is the Guatemalan military, not the
  cially in Iraq where American troops sat idly      lans and U .S . government officials expected      local communities.
  by as the Iraqi military slaughtered thousands     an improved human rights climate to follow.              One middle class Guatemalan explained
kof Shiites who were revolting at the CIA's          However, President De Leon, previously an          that the National Guard exercises are gener-
  prompting, in the South following the Gulf         outspoken critic of the armed forces, soon         ally seen as a joint military collaboration- that
  War . Using "humanitarianism" as a cover for       adopted the military's position on human rights    will have a negative effect on human rights:
'imperialism and maintenance of order is noth-       issues. He claimed that a large military with      "No one is deceived by this government talk of
  ing new.                                           bases throughout the Maya highlands and the        building roads—we all know what it means to
                                                     unpaid "voluntary" service in Civil patrols are    have U.S . troops coming to Guatemala." Gua-
SOA Update                                           necessary to combat anti-government forces.        temalanCongressionalPresident Vinicio Villar
      There is some good news . Personal hun-        Local protests against militarism and the Civil    also opposes the presence of U.S . troops in
 ger seems to be the last thing on the minds of      Patrols continue to be met with violence . Ac-     Guatemala and charged President De Leon
`those who are participating in the 40 day fast      cording to De Leon's successors at the Human       with violating Guatemalan law by allowing
 to close the School of the Americas. While          Rights Office, the frequency of military-linked    U.S . troops to enter the nation without , con-
 SOA advocates are maintaining the school's          kidnapping, torture, assassinations and disap-     suiting the Guatemalan Congress.
 legitimacy ("The School of the Americas is a        pearances has actually increased since he has            Do you know local guardsmen and
 success story," heralds the Department of the       been in office.                                    guardswomen scheduled to go to Guatemala?
 Army's official propaganda) a vigilant group              The Guatemalan military justifies its huge   Are you concerned about their safety? Are you
 of protestors is spending each of 40 days on         size and unrestrained power as "National Se-      concerned about the real impact of military
 the front steps of the backwards Capitol Build-      curity" against internal subversion. As more      and economic assistance projects on local
 ing, Their spirits are high and they're getting a    and more Guatemalans live with hunger and         communities? Where was this issue left lo-
,significant amount of attention from camera-         malnutrition and without opportunities for a      cally five years ago? If you would like to talk
1 toting passers-by. The juice-only fast will         better education, a decent job or basic health    more about this issue, please contact CUSLAR
 continue through May.                                care, both street crime and politically orga-      in Ithaca at (607) 255-7293.
                                                      nized armed conflict continue . Many Guate-            Ann is a board member of NISGUA and
 Under Selge                                          malans argue that only land reform and social     a volunteer with CUSLAR in Ithaca, and Tom
       Also from Washington, Tyrant Bill has                                                            is an Ithaca resident and longtime Peace
                                                      programs can lessen the conditions for vio-
  supported the addition of 18 crimes that will                                                         Activist.
  now be punishable by extermination (added,
"that is, to the 47 new ones already introduced,
s now including carjacking and other crimes          most Americans thought the Earth was flat we       raised. In fact, the piece was entirely favor-
  that do not necessarily involve murder) . The      could go ahead and change our globes, "but         able. It claimed that tenants were all for having
  fact that the death penalty has proven a failure   that wouldn't make it any less spherical ."        their homes ransacked by power-mad cops.
  as a deterrent doesn't seem to matter to "our"          Just as terrible is the news that our fear-   The Post, of course, used less colorful termi-
  draconian legislators. As Congressman Jim          some dictator has given the go-ahead for po-       nology . To all those who voted for Bill Clinton,
  Walsh recently wrote in a scolding letter to the   lice to raid public housing units in search of     the man who just legalized unconstitutional
  Syracuse Herald-Journal, it doesn't matter         guns . No warrent will be necessary, but offi-     search and seizure of public housing, I extend
  what statistics say, 85-90% of Americans think     cials are "confident that the new policy will      an invitation to join a search and seizure of the
  the death penalty is a deterrent of violent        withstand Constitutional scrutiny:"                White House by the public.
  crime, so it must be . The H-J editors, to whom          In the Post's April 17 story regarding the        Brian is a political activist, writer and"
  I rarely offer praise, were fast to quip that if   issue, Constitutional arguments were not           editor ofBehind Enemy Lines Quarterly (4383
                                                                                                        Belleflower Circle, Syracuse, NY 13215)

                                                                                                                   5/94 Peace Newsletter 19
	




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    20 Peace Newsletter 4/94
	




Reading Privilege:
the Public               and       the Private
Karen Hall                                                ened to speak or ask questions . Once she sees            I cannot imagine any revolutionary change
                                                          these connections, she understands why the           taking place as long as the privilege of subver-
                                                          state would view her children's book as a book sive acts of reading is withheld from a major-
                                                          about state power. Because the story may lead ity of individuals. As long as institutional
                                                          others to see the world as she sees it, she and power structures deny individuals an under-
                                                          her book are dangerous and must be destroyed.        standing of their own experiences of physical
              WRITER OF children's books is ar-                 The movie's point is blatantly obvious; and emotional pain, we will be unable to
            rested and imprisoned in a highly styl-       the state is to its citizens as adults in a nuclear connect our own pain to the pain of others,
          elaborate holding cell . Her interrogater is    family are to children . The abuse we suffer and whether those others are our neighbor's child
     personable, well-dressed, civilized man              witness in our fami-                                                        who has too many "acci-
    horn she alternately trusts and despises . Her        lies of origin condi-            The state creates rules                    dents" or whether they
           : she has written a children's book en-
    tied Closet Land which the government un-
                                                          tions us toremainpas-
                                                          sive and silent when
                                                                                       and codes of silence which are Chinese prisoners
                                                                                                                                      who are tortured in
       stands as political allegory . They want her       we are witnesses to are based on powerlessness forced labor camps and
      expose the underground political activists          the abuses of the state.                     and fear                       who produce consumer
    horn she portrays in the book . She is bewil-         We are each condi-                                                          goods sold in the US.
       ed and insists that she is not a political         tioned from birth not to interpret abuses of              The redistribution of the privilege of read-
       ter ; she simply writes for children.              power whether they are enacted by family ing means helping individuals attain language
         During her torture, the writer confesses         members or governments. In this way, the and interpretive skills necessary to make con-
          her book is autobiographical . She was          dysfunctional patterns of-the nuclear family nections. I believe we must make the most of
     xually abused as a child . When her mother's         suppress our ability to read social texts before any site where such education has the chance
     end raped her in the coat closet each Sun-           we are ever able to develop- our abilities or        to take place—in the academy, in therapists'
        , she would escape into a fantasy world           protect ourselves.                                                          offices and in 12-step
          led by the characters in her book . What              A number of dif-                                                      groups—even if we are
        ultimately understands is how articulating        ferent interpretive com-                                                    uncomfortable with the
        personal experience makes her a political         munities are available                                                      dynamics of privilege
       ter and a danger to the state . This is the plot   to help us reclaim these                                                    which help to create and
      Closet Land, Radha Bharadwaj's horrify-             abilities, however. Po-                                                     sustain these sites . It is
        film that makes an important connection           litical activists offer ar-                                                 our job as activists to
      tween institutional and domestic power              ticulate works of                                                           see that works like
          tures.                                          propoganda likeCloset                                                       Closet Land which po-
          The book the woman has written is not an        Land . The academy                                                          liticize the interpretive
      egory about the government . It does, bow-          offers theories of sub-                                                     skills other communi-
      er, bare overt traces of trauma and abuse.          versive reading and                                                         ties make available are
        ders of her book who had shared a similar         feminist, psychoana-                                                        widely available to in-
           nal experience or who were familiar with       lytic interrogations of                                                     dividuals, for clearly it
        chological responses to abuse might read           the law of the father.                                                     would be naive to trust
        book and make the same connection that            And the current therapy                                                     any interpretive system
        author learns to make . After experiencing        movement offers a va-                                                       grounded in the domi-
        torture of the state and reliving the abuses      riety of methods de-                                                        nant structure to create
             'tied against her as a child, the woman       signed to help individu -                                                  politically subversive
          ects an adult's power to abuse the chil-         als interpret and re-              paper 4%e 9 .Vtt      i                 readers . Self explora-
           in his or her household with the state's        claim theirpersonal ex-                                                    tion, whether through
      wer to torture and control its citizens . The       periences . Each of                                                         education or therapy,
       to creates rules and codes of silence which         these interpretive com-                                                    can be the first impor-
        based on powerlessness and fear in much           munities relies on the privilege of reading.          tant step toward understanding systems of
        same way that abusive adults create rules          Each is set up to teach individuals a new power. It seems logical that healthy, empow-
          silence in the domestic space. For years         vocabulary used to interpret a chain of events,      ered individuals will become effective actors
        author was angry with her mother for not           what I have referred to as a social text . This, to for change.
         ping the abuse, but after she is tortured,        me, is a working definition of reading . In order         Karen Hall reads in groups and alone
         understands how she has been like her             to be successful, individuals need time, money and wishes to acknowledge the privilege
        ther ; when the police arrested her journalist     and space to think in. Obviously, this is one she enjoyed rearing and learning with
       ghbor, she looked the other way, too fright-        site where privilege enters the picture.
                                                                                                                Rosario Champagne.
                                                                                                                                                      4,
                                                                                                                          5/94 Peace Newsletter 21
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22 Peace Newsletter 5/94
	
	


                SUN                                 MON                               TUES                                  WED                           THURS                                        FRI                                SAT
        1                                   2                                  3                                   4                                 5                                       6                                   T
                                          Every 1st & 3rd Mon:            Community Writer's Project                                                                                                                         Spring Cleanup at the
       Boys From Syracuse meets                                           Open Writing Workshop at
      'at Trinity Episcopal Church        Syracuse Real Food Coop                                                                                     SPC council meeting,                   Every Friday: Lesbian Coming Syracuse Peace Council . Help
       Parish House. 7pm .                Council meets. 5:30pm.          Metropolitan School for the Arts,                                           924 Bumet Ave. 7pm .                   Out Group. 7pm . Women's Into us get the house and grounds
                                                                          320 Montgomery St . 6 :30-              Drug Legalization Debate with                                              Center , 601 Allen St.          ship shape. All day ; just stop
                                                                          8 :30pm . $3. Ellen 472 . 0400.        former police captain Peter
                                         Vigil to close the School of the                                        Christ and William Fitzpatrick . At Bicentennial outlook - Sam                                              by. 924 Bumet Ave. 472-5478.
                                         Americas, which trains Latin     Peace Action program . "Arms           Onondaga Community College. Velazquez of Spanish Action                                                     Earth Fair '94. Environmental
                                         American soldiers & dictators. Merchants for the World," video,         11am . Call 472-5478 for place .    League, discusses Syracuse's                                            exhibits by CNY youth &
                                         Noon-12 :30 at the Federal Bldg discussion, action. 7 :30pm . May                                           Latino community . 12-1pm.                                               il     Pa       e 488.         o
                                         in downtown Syracuse . Call      Memorial, 3800 E Genesee.                                                  Onon . Historical Assoc. 321           Gay Men's Support Group                                      79 r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Village Partk..Su eu 488-37779 for
                                         Michael for info : 479-8255 .    478-7442.                                                                       lloeory
                                                                                                                                                     Montgomery 428-1864.                   meeting. Call 422-5732 for into. info.

    8                                   9                                    10                                  11                                  12                                     13                                  14
                                         Vigil to close the School of the     Homegrown Reading at Curtin                                          Creative Response 's City at                  AIDS service provider
                                         Americas. See 4/2 or 4/9.            Auditorium, Onon . Library, 447                                      Peace Play "A Chance We                                                          Por CUBA, an evening of
     Every Sunday : Support group                                                                                                                                                                group. 12 :15-1 :15pm. Bring   poetry, video/slide venin os, y
                                                                              S. Salina St . 6:30-8:30pm.        Every Wed: Alliance member-       Take ." Interfaith musical play               lunch, 627 W Genesee St.
    for former and current mental                                             Free . Gngs by
                                                                                     Open mike & readings y                                                                                                                     live music, and reflections
     patients. Spons . by Alliance.
       hoards.                           Sierra Club monthly mtg.                                                ship meeting. All welcome. Al     written by youth, co-directed by              475-2430.                      CNYers recently returned from
     Plymouth Church. 3-5pm. Peggy       Wetlands Update and more . At                              Poe
                                                                              high school student poets.
                                                                               l                                  ECOH, 2nd fL, amrs of Weslkxrit professional & youth directors.
                                         Nick Hall, Rm 5, SUNY ESF.           Ellen 472-0400.                    & Euclid. 2pmm . 475-4120.
                                                                                                                            2pm                    8pm. May Memorial, 3800 E.              • Every Fri :PNL Committee • •                      by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Cuba. Spons. b Abolish the
    Anne 475-4120.
        ne                                                                                                                                                                                 ••   •                               Blockade of Cuba Committee.
                                         7 :30pm.                                                                                                  Genesee St.
                                                                               Amnesty International Group       NOW CNY Che                at                                             • meets at 924 Burnet Ave . New •    At Plymouth Church, 232 E.
    Every Sunday : This Way Out.                                               *373 mtg., Mundy Branch           marine midland Bank, 360 S       Pollution Prevention workshop            • members always welcome. •          Onondaga St. $3410 sliding
    Gay & Lesbian radio program on       People for Animal Rights mtg.         Library, 1204 S . Geddes St.                                                                                  472-5478. tpm.                     scale.• 8pm until ?.
                                         7pm . Call          for               7-9pm . Letter writing, updates   Warren, Syracuse. call 487-3188. s eor►4• by Sierra Club . Provides
                                                                                                                                                            Y                              • • • • • • • • • • • •
    WRVO FM 90.6:30-7pm .                 pm •                                                                   7pm .                            resource materials and more . At
                                         location.                             on cases. 668.7441 .                                               Illick Hall, Rm 5, ESF. 7-9pm.
                                                                                     Los
    15                                  16                                    Nee'"a" works hop atthe             18                               19                                       20                                  21
                                        "Generations of Caring -              Syracuse Cooperative Federal
    Syracuse Real Food Co-Op            Generations of Struggle" w/           Credit Union, 7-8 :30 PM, 732                                         Every Thursday : 'Evening
    general membership meeting.         Alexander Sanger, president of        Weatcott Street, 471-1116                                             Arabesque' Arabic television w/
    Potluck at 5pm, meeting from 6-     Planned Parenthood at PP's of                                                                               news & entertainment.5:30pm.                                                Tony Trischka Concert . Benefit
    8. At ECOH, corners of Euclid       Tompkins Cty annual mtg. 7:30-                                                                              Adelphia Cable Channel 7.
                                        9:30pm. Unitarian Church, 309                                                                                                                                                           for Peace Action . Refreshments
    and Westcott St.                    N . Aurora St . Ithaca. 607-273-     17                                                                                                                                                 at 7pm . Music
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Memorial. 3800E Genesee St.
                                                                                                                                                     SPC council meeting,
    'A Chance We Take .' 2pm. See
                                        1526.

                                        Vigil to close the School of the
                                                                                                                 NAACP general rnt g . 7
                                                                                                                 NAACP Office, 112 S Salina.
                                                                                                                                                     924 Bumet Ave . 7pm.              I
    4/12                                Americas . See 4/2 or 419.                                               422-6933.

    22                                  23                                   24                                  25                                26                                       27                                  28
                                        Every Mon: ACT-UP mtg. 601                                           Every Wed : Syracuse                  Peace Newsletter
        Every Sunday: Volunteer
        servers needed for dinner at    Alen St. (Women's INFO               Support & Self-Education        Community Choir rehearsal . At
                                                                                                                                                   Mailing Party at SPC,
                                                                                                                                                         9
        Unity Kitchen . 1 :30pm. Call   Center) . 7 :30pm . 425-0673.        Group for Parents & Friends of ECOH, comers of Wescott &
        Ann at 475-6761 .               Every Mon : 'At Home with a          Gay People meets at Plymouth Euclid . New members welcome.            924 Bumet Ave . 5-
                                                                             Church, 232 E . Onondaga St.    7:15pm Call Karen 428-8724 for
                                        Poet' storytelling, poetry, myths.                                   info.                                 7pm . Free Food! All
                                                                             7 :30pm. 474-4836.
     Brunch at the Syracuse             Adelphi Cable Ch . 7 . 10pm.                                        .Buying a Howe Together"               welcome.
     Peace Council . Potluck at                                               Every Tuesday: Gay, Lesbian, a workshop for unmarried people         Video Night to follow:
     11 :30am, discussion at             People for Animal Rights mtg.        Bisexual Student Assoc social at the Syracuse Cooperative            "Information Highway"
     1 pm. All invited.                  7pm. Call 488-9338 for               8 :30pm-mid. 750 Ostrom Ave . Federal Credit Union, 7-8 :30 PM,
                                         location .                                                          732 Westcott Street, 471-1116         at 7pm .

    29                                  30                                   31
                                                                                                                                                    1st & 3rd Thursdays : Gay &
                                                                                                                                                    Lesbian Alliance meets at
     Every Sunday.                                                                                                                                  Trinity Parish House, 523 W
     People's 60 Minutes.                                                                                          Every Wed: Military &            Onondaga. 7:30pm.
     Adelphia Cable Ch . 3,                                                                                        Draft Counseling at the
                                                                                                                   Peace Council . Noon-           Every Thursday : central
     8pm . Produced by                  Every Mon : Lesbian & Gay                                                                                  America Vigil, Fed . bldg . 7 :30am
                                                                                                                   3pm, Call Marge 472-                                                                                   t!     ;> , {
     Syracuse Peace                     Youth Support group . 6-8pm.
                                        443-3599 for info .                                                        5478•                                                                   l~
     Council .
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