The Proverbs

					     The Proverbs

ILLC 8th Grade Sunday School




        ILLC Sunday School 2004
                       The Proverbs
   Vocabulary
       Proverb – A saying that conveys a specific truth in a
        pointed, meaningful way. A proverb is drawn from
        much experience.
            The Hebrew word for “proverb” means parallel, “similar” or
             “a comparison”.
       Knowledge- is the apprehension of truth in one’s
        mind.
       Wisdom – The application of truth to one’s life.


                             ILLC Sunday School 2004
                  The Proverbs

   Three main points of our lesson
       We will learn who authored the Proverbs.
       We will learn some of the background for
        Proverbs
       We will become familiar with the content of
        some of the Proverbs and how they apply to
        our lives.


                     ILLC Sunday School 2004
                  The Proverbs
   The Book of Proverbs is classified as one
    of the Books of Poetry.
       The other Books of Poetry are Job, Psalms,
        Eccelesiates, and the Song of Solomon.
   As Psalms is the worship and hymn book
    of the Old Testament, Proverbs is its
    teacher’s manual. Proverbs are maxims
    which can easily be memorized, and thus
    used as advice for daily living.
                     ILLC Sunday School 2004
                        The Proverbs
   Who was the author of Proverbs?
       The Book of Proverbs was largely composed and
        complied by king Solomon.
            Chapters 1-24: Complied by Solomon
            Chapters 25-29: King Hezekiah’s scribes copied the material
             in these chapters from Solomon’s repertory of proverbs.
            Chapter 30: Composed by Agur
            Chapter 31: Composed by Lemuel
   How many proverbs did Solomon write?
       1 Kings 4:32 “And he spake three thousand proverbs:
        and his songs were a thousand and five”

                             ILLC Sunday School 2004
                    The Proverbs
   When was Proverbs written? Before the death of
    Solomon in 931. They were edited by Hezekiah’s
    scribes in about 700 BC.
   To whom was Proverbs written?
       To the “wise man” vs 1:5
       To his “son” verse 1:8, 2:1
       The book tells a story, it is a picture of a young man
        starting out in life.


                         ILLC Sunday School 2004
                  The Proverbs

   Why was Proverbs written?
       To give a young person a sound foundation
        from which to make wise decisions in life.
       To provide a listing of time honored truths
        which can serve as a guide in life.





                      ILLC Sunday School 2004
                    The Proverbs
   Why was it written? (continued)
       Historical purpose – It served as a kind of teacher’s
        manual for the wise men of Israel. The proverbs are
        easy to memorize and provide guidance for life.
       Doctrinal purpose – True wisdom is based in the fear
        of God.
       Christological purpose – Christ is presented in the
        Proverbs as the Wisdom for which the wise man
        aspires.


                        ILLC Sunday School 2004
                   The Proverbs
   The Structure of the Proverbs
   Literary form – Couplets: Two clauses of the
    couplets are generally related to each other by
    parallelism.
   Several kinds of parallelism are used in the
    Proverbs. Four of them are:
       Synonymous Parallelism
       Antithetic Parallelism
       Synthetic Parallelism
       Emblematic Parallelism


                       ILLC Sunday School 2004
                  The Proverbs

   Synonymous Parallelism
       Here the second clause restates what is given
        in the first clause.
       Example: “Judgments are prepared for
        scorners,
       and stripes for the back of fools” Proverb
        19:29


                      ILLC Sunday School 2004
                  The Proverbs

   Antithetic (contrast) Parallelism
       Here a truth, which is stated in the first
        clause, is made stronger in the second clause
        by contrast with an opposite truth.
       Example: “The light of the righteous rejoiceth,
       But the lamp of the wicked shall be put out”
        Proverbs 13:9


                      ILLC Sunday School 2004
                  The Proverbs

   Synthetic Parallelism
       Here the second clause develops the thought
        of the first.
       Example “The terror of a king is as the roaring
        of a lion;
       He that provoketh him to anger sinneth
        against his own will” Proverbs 20:2


                      ILLC Sunday School 2004
                   The Proverbs

   Emblematic Parallelism
       Here the first line is an emblem, illustration,
        type or example drawn from nature or daily
        life.
       Example: “A man that beareth false witness
        against his neighbor is a maul, and a sword,
        and a sharp arrow” 25:18



                       ILLC Sunday School 2004
                The Proverbs
   General Outline of the Book of Proverbs
   I. Wisdom and Folly Contrasted (Chapters 1-9)
   II. Proverbs of Solomon, Written and Set in
    Order by Himself (Chapters 10-24)
   III. Proverbs of Solomon, Set in Order by Men of
    Hezekiah, (Chapter 25-29)
   IV. Oracle of Agur, (Chapter 30)
   V. Proverbs of a Mother to Lemuel, (Chapter
    31)

                    ILLC Sunday School 2004
                  The Proverbs

   A summary of each chapter
   Words to the wise
       Chapter 1 – Wisdom respects God and
        parents. It rebukes sins and evil.
       Chapter 2 – It rewards its seekers morally.
       Chapter 3 – It rewards is seekers physically.



                      ILLC Sunday School 2004
                The Proverbs
   Chapter 4 – It redirects one’s life from evil.
   Chapter 5 – It rejects sensuality.
   Chapter 6 – It reactivates the slothful. It
    represses the desires of lust.
   Chapter 7 – It resists the evil woman
   Chapter 8 – It rejoices in God who begat it.
   Chapter 9 – It reproves the righteous who use
    it.

                    ILLC Sunday School 2004
                 The Proverbs

   Word of the Wise
       Chapter 10   – It is riches from God.
       Chapter 11   – It is the righteousness of life.
       Chapter 12   – It is righteousness in its
        language
       Chapter 13   – It has regard for reproof.



                       ILLC Sunday School 2004
                 The Proverbs
   Chapter 14 – It is the road of reward
   Chapter 15 – It exhibits regulation of the tongue
   Chapter 16 – It rests in the purpose of God.
   Chapter 17 – It refrains from strife.
   Chapter 18 – It finds refuge in God
   Chapter 19 – It responds to poverty by giving.
   Chapter 20/21 – It responds to poverty by
    working.

                     ILLC Sunday School 2004
                The Proverbs

   Chapter   22 – It provides a reward to the
    poor.
   Chapter   22b – Wisdom is pleasant.
   Chapter   23 – Wisdom is worthwhile.
   Chapter   24 – Wisdom is prosperous.



                    ILLC Sunday School 2004
                   The Proverbs

   Wisdom from the wise
       Chapter   25-29 – Words from Solomon
       Chapter   26-27 – The fool
       Chapter   28 – The wicked
       Chapter   29 – The stubborn




                       ILLC Sunday School 2004
                 The Proverbs

   Words from Agur and Lemuel
       Chapter 30 – Truth and things
       Chapter 31 – Wine and women




                     ILLC Sunday School 2004
                       The Proverbs
   Read Proverbs 1:8
   What are the two parts of the couplet or parallelism?
       1. My, son, hear the instruction of thy father,
       2. And forsake not the law of thy mother.
   How do we apply it in our life?
       Students answer.
   Bonus: What kind of parallelism do you think it is?
       I think it is a synthetic parallelism in that the two parts are put
        together to form a whole idea.




                             ILLC Sunday School 2004
                  The Proverbs
   Review Questions
   Who wrote and/or complied most of the
    Proverbs?
       Solomon
   How many proverbs did Solomon write?
       3000
   To whom was it written?
       “Wise man” or “son”.

                     ILLC Sunday School 2004
                   The Proverbs

   What does the Hebrew word for proverb
    mean?
       Parallel, similar, or comparison
   How can we apply the book of Proverbs in
    our life as a Christian?




                      ILLC Sunday School 2004

				
DOCUMENT INFO