Elders and Deacons by fionan

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									 Elders and Deacons

Their work and responsibilities




          Elders and Deacons
         What is a deacon?
• 1 Tim 3:8 Deacons , likewise, are to be
  men worthy of respect, sincere, not
  indulging in much wine, and not pursuing
  dishonest gain. (NIV)

• Deacon = Diakónos (Greek) = one who
  executes the commands of another,
  especially of a master; a servant; a
  minister
                 Elders and Deacons
         What is a deacon?
• Diakónos, noun, servant
• Diakoneésai, verb, to serve
• Matt 20:25-28
  – 26 Not so with you. Instead, whoever wants
   to become great among you must be your
   servant, 27 and whoever wants to be first
   must be your slave- 28 just as the Son of Man
   did not come to be served, but to serve, and
   to give his life as a ransom for many." (NIV)
                  Elders and Deacons
           What is a deacon?
• Diakonos, noun, servant or minister (Strong’s
  #1249)
• Diakoneoo, verb, to serve or minister (Strong’s
  #1247)
• Diakonia, noun, service or ministry (Strong’s #1248)
• Acts 6:2-4 So the Twelve gathered all the disciples
  together and said, "It would not be right for us to
  neglect the ministry of the word of God in order to
  wait on tables. 3 Brothers, choose seven men from
  among you who are known to be full of the Spirit and
  wisdom. We will turn this responsibility over to them
  4 and will give our attention to prayer and the
  ministry of the word.― (NIV)
                     Elders and Deacons
            What is a deacon?
• Diakonos, noun, servant or minister (Strong’s
  #1249)
• Diakoneoo, verb, to serve or minister (Strong’s
  #1247)
• Diakonia, noun, service or ministry (Strong’s #1248)
• 1 Tim 3:8-10 Deacons, likewise, are to be men
  worthy of respect, sincere, not indulging in much
  wine, and not pursuing dishonest gain. 9 They must
  keep hold of the deep truths of the faith with a clear
  conscience. 10 They must first be tested; and then if
  there is nothing against them, let them serve as
  deacons. (NIV)
                      Elders and Deacons
            What is a deacon?
• Diakonos, noun, servant or minister (Strong’s
  #1249)
• Diakoneoo, verb, to serve or minister (Strong’s
  #1247)
• Diakonia, noun, service or ministry (Strong’s #1248)
• Matt 8:14-15 Now when Jesus had come into
  Peter's house, He saw his wife's mother lying sick
  with a fever. 15 So He touched her hand, and the
  fever left her. And she arose and served them.
  (NKJV)
                      Elders and Deacons
           What is a deacon?
• Diakonos, noun, servant or minister (Strong’s
  #1249)
• Diakoneoo, verb, to serve or minister
  (Strong’s #1247)
• Diakonia, noun, service or ministry (Strong’s
  #1248)
• Matt 25:44 "They also will answer, 'Lord,
  when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a
  stranger or needing clothes or sick or in
  prison, and did not help you?' (NIV)
                   Elders and Deacons
            What is a deacon?
• Diakonos, noun, servant or minister (Strong’s
  #1249)
• Diakoneoo, verb, to serve or minister (Strong’s
  #1247)
• Diakonia, noun, service or ministry (Strong’s #1248)
• Luke 10:40 But Martha was distracted with much
  serving, and she approached Him and said, "Lord,
  do You not care that my sister has left me to serve
  alone? Therefore tell her to help me." (NKJV)

                      Elders and Deacons
           What is a deacon?
• Diakonos, noun, servant or minister (Strong’s
  #1249)
• Diakoneoo, verb, to serve or minister (Strong’s
  #1247)
• Diakonia, noun, service or ministry (Strong’s #1248)
• 2 Cor 8:19-20 What is more, he was chosen by the
  churches to accompany us as we carry the offering,
  which we administer in order to honor the Lord
  himself and to show our eagerness to help. 20 We
  want to avoid any criticism of the way we administer
  this liberal gift. (NIV)
                     Elders and Deacons
            What is a deacon?
• Acts 6:1-4 Now in those days, when the number of
  the disciples was multiplying, there arose a
  complaint against the Hebrews by the Hellenists,
  because their widows were neglected in the daily
  distribution. 2 Then the twelve summoned the
  multitude of the disciples and said, "It is not
  desirable that we should leave the word of God and
  serve tables. 3 Therefore, brethren, seek out from
  among you seven men of good reputation, full of the
  Holy Spirit and wisdom, whom we may appoint over
  this business; 4 but we will give ourselves
  continually to prayer and to the ministry of the word."
  (NKJV)
                      Elders and Deacons
            What is a deacon?

•   Acts 6:1-4
•   of good reputation
•   full of the Holy Spirit (see Galatians 5:22-23)
•   full of wisdom (see James 3:13-18)




                     Elders and Deacons
                 What is a deacon?
•   Acts 6:1-4                •    1 Tim 3:8-12
•   of good reputation        •    men of dignity
•   full of the Holy Spirit   •    not double-tongued
•   full of wisdom            •    Not addicted to much wine
                              •    Not fond of sordid gain
                              •    holding to the mystery of the faith with a
                                   clear conscience
                              •    must first be tested
                              •    beyond reproach
                              •    Women (wives) must be dignified, not
                                   malicious gossips, but temperate, faithful
                                   in all things.
                              •    must be husbands of only one wife
                              •    good managers of their children and their
                                   own households. (NASU)
                                  Elders and Deacons
                  What is a deacon?
•    Acts 6:1-4
•                     •
     of good reputation        1 Tim 3:8-12
•                     •
     full of the Holy Spirit   men of dignity
•    full of wisdom   •        not double-tongued
    Note that plumbing•        Not addicted to much wine
    skills, automotive•        Not fond of sordid gain
    mechanics and a   •        holding to the mystery of the faith with a
                               clear conscience
    strong back are
                      •        must first be tested
    not included in   •        beyond reproach
    the criteria      •        Women (wives) must be dignified, not
    describing                 malicious gossips, but temperate, faithful
    potential deacons.         in all things.
    Integrity matters,•        must be husbands of only one wife
    fidelity matters, •        good managers of their children and their
                               own households. (NASU)
    knowing how to
    reroof a building Elders and Deacons
      What is a deacons work?
• Diakonos, noun, servant or minister (Strong’s
  #1249)
• Diakoneoo, verb, to serve or minister (Strong’s
  #1247)
• Diakonia, noun, service or ministry (Strong’s #1248)
• Acts 6:3-4
  – 3 Therefore, brethren, seek out from among you seven
    men of good reputation, full of the Holy Spirit and wisdom,
    whom we may appoint over this business; 4 but we
    will give ourselves continually to prayer and to the ministry
    of the word." (NKJV)
• To be responsible for effective use of church
  resources; to serve the saints, the church, the
  Lord.              Elders and Deacons
   Authority and Responsibility
• All human beings have authority over
  something or someone.
• Every human being has responsibilities to
  those in authority over them, and to
  exercise authority appropriately.
• Within the church, each responsibility is
  given with the authority to successfully
  achieve it.
                 Elders and Deacons
     Authority and Responsibility
• Two common errors lead to many sins:
    – 1) Rebellion against authority, and
    – 2) abuse of authority.
•    The Christian, especially the maturing
    Christian leader, must seriously consider
    the spiritual chain of authority and their
    own place in that chain, both the proper
    exercise of authority and their own
    responsibility to submit to others.
                     Elders and Deacons
   Authority and Responsibility
• Matt 23:8-12
  – 8 "But you are not to be called 'Rabbi,' for you have
    only one Master and you are all brothers . 9 And do
    not call anyone on earth 'father,' for you have one
    Father, and he is in heaven. 10 Nor are you to be
    called 'teacher,' for you have one Teacher, the Christ.
    11 The greatest among you will be your servant. 12
    For whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and
    whoever humbles himself will be exalted. (NIV)
• The primary relationship within the church is not
  elder to flock or pastor to sheep, but brother to
  brother, as all look to the same Father and
  Master.
                       Elders and Deacons
               What is an elder?
Elder, one who is older:               Pastor, a shepherd:
Titus 1:5-6 The reason I left you in   Eph 4:11 It was he who gave some
Crete was that you might               to be apostles, some to be
straighten out what was left           prophets, some to be evangelists,
unfinished and appoint elders in       and some to be pastors and
every town, as I directed you. 6 An    teachers,
elder must be blameless,…
Bishop, an overseer:                   Teacher, one who
Titus 1:7 Since an overseer is         teaches:
entrusted with God's work, he          Eph 4:11 It was he who gave some
must be blameless-not                  to be apostles, some to be
overbearing, not quick-tempered,       prophets, some to be evangelists,
not given to drunkenness, not          and some to be pastors and
violent, not pursuing dishonest        teachers,
gain.
                            Elders and Deacons
         Pray for your leaders
• Being a leader does not change a man’s nature.
  We must understand our leaders to be men and
  pray for them as Paul asked the Thessalonians
  to pray for him: ―Finally, brethren, pray for us,
  that the word of the Lord may have free course,
  and be glorified.‖ (2 Thess 3:1). We have an
  obligation to pray for those who have helped us.
  – Francis Schaeffer, No Little People, No Little Places,
    p 58


                      Elders and Deacons
                       Elders
• The term ―elders‖ describing mature community
  leaders is older than Moses.
  – Ex 3:16 "Go, assemble the elders of Israel and say to
    them, 'The LORD, the God of your fathers — the God
    of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob — appeared to me and
    said: I have watched over you and have seen what
    has been done to you in Egypt.
  – Ex 3:18 "The elders of Israel will listen to you. Then
    you and the elders are to go to the king of Egypt and
    say to him, 'The LORD, the God of the Hebrews, has
    met with us. Let us take a three-day journey into the
    desert to offer sacrifices to the LORD our God.' (NIV)


                      Elders and Deacons
                      Elders
• Since the days of Moses, elders have been men
  who could faithfully teach the community what
  God had said.
  – Ex 12:1-3 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in
    Egypt, 2 "This month is to be for you the first month,
    the first month of your year. 3 Tell the whole
    community of Israel that on the tenth day of this
    month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one
    for each household.
  – Ex 12:21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of
    Israel and said to them, "Go at once and select the
    animals for your families and slaughter the Passover
    lamb. (NIV)

                      Elders and Deacons
                     Elders
• Community elders relayed and taught the word
  of God.
  – Deut 27:1 Moses and the elders of Israel commanded
    the people: "Keep all these commands that I give you
    today.‖ (NIV)
• Community elders acted as community judges.
  – Deut 21:18-19 If a man has a stubborn and rebellious
    son who does not obey his father and mother and will
    not listen to them when they discipline him, 19 his
    father and mother shall take hold of him and bring him
    to the elders at the gate of his town. (NIV)

                     Elders and Deacons
                       Elders
• Community elders were witnesses and arbiters.
  – Ruth 4:2 Boaz took ten of the elders of the town and
    said, "Sit here,"
  – Ruth 4:4 I thought I should bring the matter to your
    attention and suggest that you buy it in the presence
    of these seated here and in the presence of the
    elders of my people. If you will redeem it, do so. But if
    you will not, tell me, so I will know. For no one has the
    right to do it except you, and I am next in line."
  – "I will redeem it," he said. (NIV)


                       Elders and Deacons
 Work and responsibilities of New
       Testament elders
• Acts 20:27-35
  – Proclaim the whole will of God
  – Keep watch over yourselves
  – Keep watch over the flock
  – Be shepherds of God’s church
  – Defend the disciples against deceivers
  – Be on guard! Warn! Remember!
  – Trust God, know his word
  – Be a giver, not a taker
                   Elders and Deacons
 Work and responsibilities of New
       Testament elders
• 1 Peter 5:1-5
  – Be shepherds (pastors) of God’s flock
     • Take care of God’s flock
  – Serve as overseers (bishops)
     • to care for or look after, with the implication of
       continuous responsibility
  – Eager to serve, not lording it over the flock
  – Being examples to the flock
  – ―All of you‖ clothe yourselves with humility…
                       Elders and Deacons
  Work and responsibilities of New
        Testament elders
• 1 Timothy 3:1-7
  – Teach
  – Take care of God’s church
  – Be hospitable




                    Elders and Deacons
  Work and responsibilities of New
        Testament elders
• 2 Tim 2:23-26 But avoid foolish and ignorant
  disputes, knowing that they generate strife. 24
  And a servant of the Lord must not quarrel but
  be gentle to all, able to teach, patient, 25 in
  humility correcting those who are in opposition, if
  God perhaps will grant them repentance, so that
  they may know the truth, 26 and that they may
  come to their senses and escape the snare of
  the devil, having been taken captive by him to do
  his will. (NKJV)
                     Elders and Deacons
  Work and responsibilities of New
        Testament elders

• James 5:14 Is any one of you sick? He
  should call the elders of the church to pray
  over him and anoint him with oil in the
  name of the Lord. (NIV)
  – Pray for/with the sick and minister to them




                    Elders and Deacons
 Work and responsibilities of New
       Testament elders
• Acts 11:30, 21:17-25
  – Receive and accept responsibility for
    resources dedicated to the service of the
    saints
  – Seek resolution of issues and promote unity
    and harmony



                   Elders and Deacons
  Work and responsibilities of New
        Testament elders
• Acts 15:2-29
  – Listen
  – Consider the facts, determine the Lord’s will
  – Listen
  – Seek peace and pursue it
  – Plan and act for the good of the church(es)
  – Accept and promote the truth, whether comfortable or
    not
  – Send capable teachers/preachers, renounce those
    who have their own agenda

                     Elders and Deacons
  Work and responsibilities of New
        Testament elders
• 1 Corinthians 16:15-18 (submit to such)
  – Devoted to the service of the saints
  – Join in the work and labor
  – Refresh the spirits of fellow Christians
• Hebrews 13:7, 17
  –   Speak the word of God (teach)
  –   Be examples of faith
  –   Lead/rule the church
  –   Watch for the souls of the saved
  –   Give an account

                        Elders and Deacons
 Work and responsibilities of New
       Testament elders
• 1 Thessalonians 5:12-13
  – Labor among the brethren
  – Lead/rule the church
  – Warn/admonish the brethren
  – Work!
• Elders must work at knowing every
  member, and pay attention to their
  strengths and weaknesses.
                  Elders and Deacons
       Elders, leaders, rulers
• 1 Tim 5:17-18 Let the elders who rule well
  be counted worthy of double honor,
  especially those who labor in the word and
  doctrine. 18 For the Scripture says, "You
  shall not muzzle an ox while it treads out
  the grain," and,"The laborer is worthy of
  his wages." (NKJV)


                 Elders and Deacons
        Elders, apt to teach
• James 3:1 Not many of you should
  presume to be teachers, my brothers,
  because you know that we who teach will
  be judged more strictly. (NIV)
• Acts 13:1 In the church at Antioch there
  were prophets and teachers: Barnabas,
  Simeon called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene,
  Manaen (who had been brought up with
  Herod the tetrarch) and Saul. (NIV)

                 Elders and Deacons
        Elders, apt to teach
• Eph 4:11-13 It was he who gave some to
  be apostles, some to be prophets, some to
  be evangelists, and some to be pastors
  and teachers, 12 to prepare God's people
  for works of service, so that the body of
  Christ may be built up 13 until we all reach
  unity in the faith and in the knowledge of
  the Son of God and become mature,
  attaining to the whole measure of the
  fullness of Christ. (NIV)

                  Elders and Deacons
 Some perhaps faulty expectations
• Dynamic leadership?
• Charisma?
• Eloquence? (Paul was an effective
  teacher, but denied being eloquent)
• Visionaries?
• Trendsetters?
• Stern or ironhanded?

                 Elders and Deacons
            Elders should…
• Heb 10:24-25 And let us consider how we may
  spur one another on toward love and good
  deeds. 25 Let us not give up meeting together,
  as some are in the habit of doing, but let us
  encourage one another-and all the more as you
  see the Day approaching. (NIV)
• Heb 12:15-16 See to it that no one misses the
  grace of God and that no bitter root grows up to
  cause trouble and defile many. 16 See that no
  one is sexually immoral, or is godless like Esau,
  who for a single meal sold his inheritance rights
  as the oldest son. (NIV)


                    Elders and Deacons
                They say…
For people to stand behind a leader they need:

1) Understanding (of what the leader expects of
   them and wants to accomplish)

2) Trust (in the leader and his ability to
   accomplish goals, and in his concern for them)

3) Participation (in shaping plans and
   accomplishing goals)

                    Elders and Deacons
Brethren, not Rabbis, but order still
• Matt 23:8 "But you are not to be called 'Rabbi,'
  for you have only one Master and you are all
  brothers.‖ (NIV)
• This does not mean there is to be no order in the
  church. It does mean that the basic relationship
  between Christians is not that of elder and
  people, or pastor and people, but that of
  brothers and sisters in Christ. This denotes that
  there is one Father in the family and that his
  offspring are equal. There are different jobs to
  be done, different offices to be filled, but we as
  Christians are equal before one master.
  – Francis Shaeffer, No Little People, No Little Places, p.
    30
                      Elders and Deacons

								
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