Barton W Stone _ Alexander Campbell by fionan


									Barton W. Stone
                     Life & Work of
              BARTON W. STONE
►   Birth and early influences

►   Education and the beginning of religious interests

►   The making of a preacher

    In 1798, Stone appeared before the Transylvania
    Presbytery for ordination. He was asked:

    “Do you receive and adopt the Confession of Faith, as
    containing the system of doctrine as taught in the Bible?”
    He replied: “I do, as far as I see it consistent with the
    Word of God.”
                  Life & Work of
            BARTON W. STONE
► Doctrinal   questions
   Stone noticed that the doctrine of Calvinism and the
    practice of encouraging men to repent and believe were
   Stone began to preach the universal nature of the
    gospel (as per John 3:16; Titus 2:11).

        greatest contribution: the
► Stone’s
 promotion of unity
   The Last Will and Testament of the Springfield
    Presbytery (1804)
   Raccoon John Smith said:

“Let us, then my brethren, be no longer
Campbellites or Stoneites, New Lights or Old
Lights, or any other kind of lights, but let us
come to the Bible and to the Bible alone, as
the only book in the world that can give us
all the light we need.” (1831)
               Life & Work of

► Questions   about baptism

► Uniting   with Campbell

► Stone’s   death: November 9, 1844
    About Barton W. Stone
“To be sure his talent was not, perhaps, quite so brilliant
as some others; but his acquaintance with the Scriptures
was extensive and critical, and a more humble,
conscientious and pious man cannot be found. If Justice
is ever done to his memory, he will be regarded as the first
great American reformer,--the first man, who, to much
purpose, pleaded the ground that the Bible, without note,
commentary, or creed, must destroy antichristian powers,
and eventually conquer the world…A man more devoted to
Christianity, has not lived nor died, and many stars will
adorn his crown in a coming day.”
                   --Tolbert Fanning (December, 1844)
                Life & Work of
► Birth   and early influences

► Reunion and the principle of
   The Declaration and Address
   Upon examining the text, Alexander expressed
    his approval and stated his desire to spend his
    life proclaiming the principles contained in it.
          A Commentary on the
       Declaration & Address
“But, note again, the Declaration and Address proposes
Christian unity on the basis of restored N. T. practice by
direct appeal to the N. T. as the only standard of faith and
practice. The Disciples have preserved the objective of
unity; we the method of restoration. Most Disciples have
abandoned restoration as a method and seek unity on the
basis of broad religious principles and toleration rather
than a resolution of differences. We on the other hand,
have salvation as the prime objective of restoration, and
unity as secondary and the natural result of a a restored
oneness of doctrine.”

    --Jay Smith (1961 Abilene Christian Lectures)
                       Life & Work of
►   Constant themes:

     Truth

      “Often I have said, and often have I written, that truth, truth
      eternal and divine, is now, and has long been with me the pearl of
      great price. To her I will, with the blessing of God, sacrifice
      everything. But on no alter will I offer her a victim. If I have lost
      sight of her, God who searcheth the hearts knows I have not done
      it intentionally. With my whole heart I have sought the truth, and I
      know that I have found it.”

               --Alexander Campbell (Millennial Harbinger, 1830)
                Life & Work of
► The   presentation of truth

   Regarding infant baptism

   Regarding the purpose of baptism

   Regarding the distinction between the
                              Life & Work of
►   The defense of truth

        Campbell / Walker (1820 on Baptism)
        Campbell / McCalla (1823 on Baptism)
        Campbell / Owen (1829 on The Evidences of Christianity)
        Campbell / Purcell (1837 on Romanism v. Protestantism)
        Campbell / Rice (1842 on The Plea for N. T. Christianity v. The Westminster
         Confession of Faith)

    Campbell said:

    “And we are fully persuaded that a week’s debating is worth a year’s
    preaching, such as we generally have, for the purpose of disseminating truth
    and putting error out of countenance.”
    (Memoirs, vol. II, p. 90)
                    Life & Work of
► The   defense of truth

   In writings
     ►The Christian Baptist (1823-1829)
     ►The Millennial Harbinger (1830-1863)

   In teaching
     ►Established   Bethany College (1841)
              Life & Work of
Campbell described how to achieve unity:

“Let the BIBLE be substituted for all human
creeds; FACTS, for definitions; THINGS, for words;
FAITH, for speculation; UNITY OF FAITH, for unity
for human legislation and tradition; PIETY, for
ceremony; MORALITY, for partisan zeal, THE
PRACTICE OF RELIGION, for the mere profession
of it: and the work is done.” (The Christian
System, p. 90).
              Life & Work of

Campbell wrote:

“I have no idea of adding to the catalogue of new
sects. This game has been played too long. I
labor to see sectarianism abolished, and all
Christians of every name united upon the one
foundation on which the apostolic church was
founded.” (Christian Baptist, 1826)
                Life & Work of

► Campbell   and the Missionary Society

► Campbell   and the Instrument

► Campbell’s   Death: March 4, 1866

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