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How to Write a Research Proposal Paper

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					What do you consider your most important development need as a pharmacy practice faculty member related to scho
highest priority first, then in descending order (please select not applicable if you have no "other" development needs



answer options                                      First Priority   Second Priority    Third Priority
                                                  <b>53.7%
More time to do research                                             21.2% (60)        16.6% (47)
                                                  (152)</b>
Didactic course (e.g. statistics, study design,
                                                  12.7% (36)         18.4% (52)        24.7% (70)
etc.)
                                                                     <b>36.4%
Collaborators or mentors                          21.9% (62)                           31.4% (89)
                                                                     (103)</b>
Funds                                             9.9% (28)          23.3% (66)        25.1% (71)

Other                                             1.8% (5)           0.0% (0)          0.4% (1)
tice faculty member related to scholarship/research? Please rank your
have no "other" development needs):


                                                                Response
            Fourth Priority    Last Priority   Not Applicable    Count
            7.1% (20)         1.1% (3)         0.4% (1)           283
            <b>35.0%
                              8.8% (25)        0.4% (1)           283
            (99)</b>
            9.9% (28)         0.4% (1)         0.0% (0)           283
            <b>39.2%
                              2.5% (7)         0.0% (0)           283
            (111)</b>
                                              <b>85.9%
            1.8% (5)          10.2% (29)                          283
                                              (243)</b>
                                           answered question            283
                                            skipped question              0
If you selected OTHER in your ranking of development
needs related to scholarship/research in question 1, please
                                               Response
answer options                                   Count
                                                   25
                        answered question                 25
                         skipped question                258


Respondents

1                                           Our institution's
                                            mission is
                                            heavily weight
                                            towards
                                            teaching.
2                                           related to time
                                            issue: reduction
                                            in clinicla
                                            clerkship load
                                            for tenure-track
                                            faculty
3
                                            Practice in
                                            private,
                                            community
                                            hospital instead
                                            of university
                                            teaching hospital
                                            setting (50%
                                            institution & 50%
                                            university
                                            funded). All of
                                            the other
                                            priorities listed
                                            are compounded
                                            by being a split
                                            position and by
                                            not being
                                            located in the
                                            same city as the
                                            college of
                                            pharmacy (less
                                            collaborators,
                                            funds, and
                                            understanding of
                                            importance of
                                            research for my
                                            position by the
                                            institution).
4
     Development of
     experiential sites
     and student
     experiential
     education.
5    more time to
     write
6
     To obtain data
     that would be
     suitable for
     statistical
     analysis to
     answer clinically
     appropriate
     questions often
     would require
     excessive
     numbers of
     patients and
     time far beyond
     those that could
     be allotted to
     faculty
     appointments
     with 10%
     scholarship.
     Smaller,
     retropsective
     projects don't
     merit publication
     in major journals
     and may have
     little influence of
     PT&E.


7    k
8    ability of division
     heads to
     recognize
     scholarship
9    Administrative
     support
10
     development of
     clinical programs
     t my aite
11
     Baseline training
     prior to
     accepting
     position - I wish I
     had the depth
     and breadth of a
     PhD. I do not
     believe
     pharmacy
     practice faculty
     enter academic
     positions with a
     mind set of
     solving a big
     problem over 5
     years (NIH
     fundable). They
     write industry
     sponsored 1
     year grants,
     which is not
     valued the same
     as NSF or NIH
     money. This
     ritual also leds to
     burn out, which
     hinders
     mentorship.
12   n/a
13   None
14   Lab space
15
     Dedicated time
     for research and
     development
16   A culture that
     embraces and
     shares
     scholarship/rese
     arch activities
     within the
     department.
17   N/A
18   Other being
     clarification of
     what the
     expectation of
     scholarship are
     for a non-tenure
     track faculty
     member to
     achieve
     promotion and
     tenure at a
     particular
     academic
     institution.
19
     Most need more
     training as
     clinical
     scientists, doing
     K30 or other
     types of training.
20
     Access to
     people with
     expertise in
     critical fields like
     study
     design/methodol
     ogy, statistics,
     etc. Too often I
     have
     collaborators or
     mentors that
     have the same
     expertise as
     myself (clinical),
     but no one to
     pick up slack in
     the other areas.
21   Assistance once
     you have the
     idea, where to
     go to look for
     funding, how to
     apply
22   recognition of
     "non-traditional"
     types of
     research (e.g.
     teaching
     research) by
     institution on
     promotion
     criteria
23   Ability to
     consolidate
     teaching
     responsibilities
     with scholarly
     interests.
24   unknown
25   More
     communication
Please identify the resources that are already available to address these
development needs at your institution. Please select all that apply:
                                                     Response     Response
answer options                                        Percent      Count
Didactic courses (e.g. statistics, study design,
                                                       48.55%        134
etc.)
Collaborators or mentors                               72.83%        201
Funds                                                  27.17%         75
Other (please specify)                                 10.14%         28
                                              answered question           276
                                                 skipped question           7

Other (please specify)
None formally offered
None of these are available to any great extent
None
this question should permit the respondent to move to the next question with no
None that I can think of in any significant amount...
None
encouragement
minimal for pharmacy practice
Clinical database, access to patients
none
does not apply
Limited resources
None of the above are available for someone that practices in my particular
None of the above
Note on "funds"...limited faculty research incentive fund (two to three $5000
None listed are readily available in any type of organized manner
Human resource for data collection
None of the above -- We really don't have any of these resources readily available.
None
none of the above
None
A course has been proposed but not yet planned. Potential collaborators are
None
I have a little bit of start-up funds.
I think you should separate out collaborators from mentors in this survey. There is
None
none
Collaborators, but not mentors
What are your recommendations for the task force and for AACP programming related to the development of scholars
your highest priority first, then in descending order (please select not applicable if you have no "other" recommendati



answer options                                  First Priority   Second Priority    Third Priority
Courses in study design                        16.2% (43)        18.9% (50)        20.8% (55)

Biostatistics courses                          7.9% (21)         14.3% (38)        21.1% (56)
                                                                                   <b>26.8%
Grant writing courses                          17.7% (47)        26.0% (69)
                                                                                   (71)</b>
                                                                 <b>27.9%
Keys to successful funding                     21.5% (57)                          14.0% (37)
                                                                 (74)</b>
How to identify a research question and then   <b>33.2%
                                                                 9.8% (26)         14.7% (39)
how to answer it                               (88)</b>
Other                                          3.0% (8)          2.3% (6)          1.5% (4)
ated to the development of scholarship/research in pharmacy practice faculty. Please rank
 you have no "other" recommendations):


                                                                                Response
             Fourth Priority Fifth Priority    Last Priority   Not Applicable    Count
            <b>24.9%
                            16.6% (44)        2.3% (6)         0.4% (1)            265
            (66)</b>
            <b>26.8%
                            24.2% (64)        5.3% (14)        0.4% (1)            265
            (71)</b>
            18.5% (49)      9.4% (25)         1.5% (4)         0.0% (0)            265

            19.6% (52)      16.6% (44)        0.4% (1)         0.0% (0)            265

            9.8% (26)       27.2% (72)        4.5% (12)        0.8% (2)            265
                                                             <b>83.0%
            0.0% (0)        1.1% (3)          9.1% (24)                            265
                                                             (220)</b>
                                                          answered question                 265
                                                           skipped question                  18
If you selected OTHER in your ranking of recommendations
for the task force and for AACP programming related to the
development of scholarship/research in question 4, please
describe here:
                                              Response
answer options                                  Count
                                                  26
                         answered question               26
                           skipped question             257


Respondents

1
                                           Productivity/effici
                                           ency
                                           programming
                                           (ie, how to use
                                           your current
                                           clinical
                                           practice/teaching
                                           to contribute to
                                           your scholarly
                                           activity)
2                                          Besides
                                           acquiring grants
                                           and successful
                                           design of
                                           studies, new
                                           faculty, in
                                           particular, need
                                           experience in
                                           writing journal
                                           articles of their
                                           research.
3                                          Time for
                                           scholarship is
                                           the most
                                           important!
4   How to
    sucessfully
    incorporate
    schloarship into
    education and
    practice. How to
    balance vast
    responsibilities
    of pharmacy
    practice faculty.
    More
    appreciation
    from non-
    pharmacy
    practice faculty
    of what is
    scholarship.
5
    Course or
    consensus on
    how to conduct
    research,
    maintain a
    clinical practice,
    and continue
    didactic
    teaching.
6   Examples of
    collaboration or
    how to develop
    partners in
    projects, i.e.
    statistics,
    multiple facilities,
    other
    professions
    (MD, Nurse,
    etc.)
7   Solving faculty
    shortage issues
    that are
    preventing most
    of us from
    having time to
    participate in
    scholarship/rese
    arch.
8
    A basic program
    for how to get
    started in
    research
    including things
    like balance of
    time, how to
    negotiate for
    time to do
    research, how to
    incorporate into
    daily practice
    and teaching
    activities,
    identifing
    mentors and
    collaborators,
    how to get clear
    expectations
    from your
    department chair
    to succeed in
    research/scholar
    ship for
    promotion.

9   first priority is
    getting more
    input from
    sucessfully
    funded
    investigators, in
    particular those
    in the school of
    medicine.
    Pharmacy has to
    stop trying to be
    the best in their
    building and
    start trying to be
    the best on
    campus.
10
     You have
     positioned this
     as there is a
     need to train
     faculty on how to
     do research.
     There are
     qualified
     individuals (ie
     fellowship or
     PhD trained) that
     can do research)
     out there - the
     problem is that
     Pharmacy
     Practice depts
     expect their
     faculty to do
     everything
     (teach,
     clerkship,
     service) and
     there is no time
     for research.
     Therefore, they
     cannot hire the
     appropriately
     trained
     individuals
11   Financial
     support form
     administration to
     encourage
     research and
     presentation at
     conferences.
12   development of
     clinical practice
     proggrams at
     practice site
13
     Support and
     encourage
     Pharm.D. PhD
     training
     programs. All
     the proposed
     courses and
     efforts
     suggested help,
     but probably
     won't change the
     mind set of
     obtaining
     industry funding.
14
     Work load
     issues need to
     be addressed.
     Undergraduate
     teaching comes
     first. Since much
     of the teaching
     responsibilities
     are in APPE, an
     active clinical
     service is
     required. As a
     result, there are
     few blocks of
     time during the
     work day that
     can be set aside
     free of school
     meetings, etc.

15   Research
     methods
     learning
     opportunities
16   None
17   Finding a
     research mentor
     and/or
     collaborator
18
     How to work with
     your department
     chair to examine
     workload to
     allow for blocks
     of time to attend
     to scholarship.


19
     Finding and
     working with a
     mentor. For
     new and usually
     young faculty
     members this
     can be very
     difficult,
     especially for
     clinical faculty
     often working in
     a different
     location from the
     college itself.

20
     Identification of a
     pool of other
     researchers that
     are experts in
     stats and study
     design. Most
     clinical
     pharmacists do
     not have the
     time (or desire?)
     to become
     experts in all
     these areas in
     addition to being
     an expert in
     clinical
     pharmacy.
21

     Please note:
     very few of us
     will learn
     biostatistics to a
     level sufficient
     for quality
     research. I think
     all faculty should
     understand the
     basics of
     biostatistics, but
     should spend
     their time on
     securing funding
     (including an
     amount
     budgeted for a
     statistician) to
     ensure the most
     reliable analysis
     without
     becoming a
     source of
     frustration and a
     time vacuum.


22   other course
     work
23   Resources
     available to
     other clinicians.
     I feel that as
     practice faculty,
     our time to
     completel
     research is
     limited. That
     would not be a
     problem but I
     can never get
     the support I
     need to make it
     work. For
     example, I can
     spend two hours
     doing a Pubmed
     search, then I
     call my library.
     The only way I
     can get copies
     of the articles is
     to spend another
     3 hours entering
     them into an
     online system for
     retrieval or by
     going physically
     in person to find
     the articles.
     Also, there is no
24   support identify,
     How to for
     approach and
     follow-up with
     collaborators or
     mentors. How to
     engage other
     people to
     collaborate.
25
     How to integrate
     scholarship /
     research into
     your current
     teaching and
     service activities.
     Focus on
     scholarship /
     research that is
     important to non-
     tenure track
     clinical
     pharmacy
     practice faculty
     (&quot;practice-
     based
     research&quot;,
     not grants or
     writing about
     traditional
     research).

26   How to identify
     mentors and
     collaborators
     outside of
     pharmacy. The
     study design,
     biostats,
     grantwriting and
     funding has
     already been
     developed by
     NIH and ACCP
What are your recommendations for Colleges and Schools of Pharmacy on the development of scholarship/research o
priority first, then in descending order (please select not applicable if you have no "other" recommendations):



answer options                                  First Priority   Second Priority Third Priority
                                                                 <b>24.8%
Courses in study design                        14.0% (36)                       17.4% (45)
                                                                 (64)</b>
Biostatistics courses                          7.8% (20)         12.4% (32)     22.5% (58)
                                                                                <b>26.7%
Grant writing courses                          15.5% (40)        24.4% (63)
                                                                                (69)</b>
                                                                 <b>24.4%
Keys to successful funding                     19.0% (49)                       17.8% (46)
                                                                 (63)</b>
How to identify a research question and then   <b>34.9%
                                                                 11.2% (29)     13.2% (34)
how to answer it                               (90)</b>
Other                                          8.9% (23)         1.9% (5)       1.2% (3)
velopment of scholarship/research of pharmacy practice faculty? Please rank your highest
 "other" recommendations):


                                                                                   Response
             Fourth Priority    Fifth Priority    Last Priority   Not Applicable    Count
            22.5% (58)         18.6% (48)        2.7% (7)         0.0% (0)           258
            <b>26.0%           <b>26.0%
                                                 5.4% (14)        0.0% (0)           258
            (67)</b>           (67)</b>
            23.6% (61)         8.5% (22)         1.2% (3)         0.0% (0)           258

            19.4% (50)         18.2% (47)        1.2% (3)         0.0% (0)           258

            8.5% (22)          25.6% (66)        5.8% (15)        0.8% (2)           258
                                                                <b>77.9%
            0.0% (0)           0.4% (1)          9.7% (25)                           258
                                                                (201)</b>
                                                             answered question             258
                                                              skipped question              25
If you selected OTHER in your ranking of recommendations
for Colleges and Schools of Pharmacy on the development
of scholarship/research in question 6, please describe here:

                                               Response
answer options                                  Count
                                                  39
                        answered question                 39
                         skipped question                244


Respondents

1                                           How to identify
                                            and seek out
                                            mentors and
                                            collaborators for
                                            research
2                                           Time to do the
                                            research
3
                                            Colleges need to
                                            take adequate
                                            steps to help
                                            research based
                                            pharmacy
                                            practice faculty
                                            succeed. This
                                            includes
                                            providing
                                            adequate start-
                                            up funds and
                                            protected time,
                                            and balancing
                                            the time spent
                                            precepting
                                            clerkship
                                            students.
4                                           Development of
                                            writing skills
                                            through classes
                                            and mentorship
                                            (though
                                            reviewing
                                            articles
                                            submitted for
                                            publication
                                            and/or
                                            review/critique
                                            writing)
5    Again, Time is
     the most
     important
6
     Scientific Writing
7    How to
     sucessfully
     incorporate
     schloarship into
     education and
     practice. How to
     balance vast
     responsibilities
     of pharmacy
     practice faculty.
     More
     appreciation
     from non-
     pharmacy
     practice faculty
     of what is
     scholarship.
8    I just don't think
     you can make a
     faculty learn to
     do research with
     this piece-meal
     approach. If a
     faculty member
     wants to do
     research then
     they should
     immerse
     themselves in
     the study of it.
9    Time
     management.
     Giving the
     faculty enough
     time to pursue
     research
     interests in
     addition to their
     multiple other
     responsibilities.
10   Improved
     recruitment and
     retention of
     faculty.
11   Allow pharmacy
     practice faculty
     to have
     "protected time"
     (40-60% or
     more) at
     appropriate
     times in their
     career to be able
     to institute and
     conduct a
     successful
     research
     program.
12
     There needs to
     be some way to
     "measure" the
     contribution of
     Program
     Directors that
     hold faculty
     positions within
     the School.
     They often do
     not have the
     capabilities to do
     research/scholar
     ship on a regular
     basis.
13   The biggest
     thing schools
     and colleges of
     pharmacy can
     do for the
     development of
     practice faculty
     is to clearly
     define the
     expectations in
     research/scholar
     ship including
     funding, types
     and quality of
     papers for
     practice faculty
     and then to put
     systems in place
     for the practice
     faculty to be
     successful in
     research and
     scholarship.
     This may include
     time for
     research, time
     for development,
     identification of
     collaborators or
     mentors, offering
     pilot monies to
     get them started.
14   There should be
     first priority is to
     build
     multidisciplinary
     teams around
     critical
     questions. the
     focus on small,
     individual
     investigator
     studies is only
     encouraging
     mediocrity.
15
     how to develope
     clinical programs
     at practice site,
     interfacing with
     conpeating
     priorities
     between the
     school and the
     practice site
16
     prioritize
     highering faculty
     with a Pharm.D.
     PhD. Create a
     culture where
     everyone things
     research first,
     then standard
     patient care
     second.
17
     Work load
     issues need to
     be addressed.
     Undergraduate
     teaching comes
     first. Since much
     of the teaching
     responsibilities
     are in APPE, an
     active clinical
     service is
     required. As a
     result, there are
     few blocks of
     time during the
     work day that
     can be set aside
     free of school
     meetings, etc.
18   Many/most
     UNiversites
     should have the
     resources to
     suppy training
     for proper skill
     development for
     the above. The
     most important
     issue for faculty
     (especially for
     clinical track
     faculty) is that
     workload should
     be
     reasonable...in
     my opinion,
     whith all of the
     expectations
     placed on
     faculty, time is
     the most
     important
     resource that a
     School/College
     can provide...
19
     Make it a
     priority, give
     them time,
     resources,
     support. Too
     often research is
     something they
     are supposed to
     do outside of
     clinic, teaching
     and other
     responsibilities,
     so it just gets
     lost.
20   Research
     methods
     learning
     opportunities
21   Make research
     space available
     to faculty
22   Find a research
     mentor/collabora
     tor
23   Develop faculty
     interest and
     motivation
24   Project
     management
25
     also the process
     of identification
     of and working
     with mentors
26   How to be
     successful at
     IRB
27
     Identification of a
     pool of other
     researchers that
     are experts in
     stats and study
     design. Most
     clinical
     pharmacists do
     not have the
     time (or desire?)
     to become
     experts in all
     these areas in
     addition to being
     an expert in
     clinical
     pharmacy.
28   enable clinical
     faculty to have
     TIME to engage
     in scholarship &
     research (i.e.
     reduction in
     teaching/precept
     ing load)
29

     Please note:
     very few of us
     will learn
     biostatistics to a
     level sufficient
     for quality
     research. I think
     all faculty should
     understand the
     basics of
     biostatistics, but
     should spend
     their time on
     securing funding
     (including an
     amount
     budgeted for a
     statistician) to
     ensure the most
     reliable analysis
     without
     becoming a
     source of
     frustration and a
     time vacuum.


30   Allow the fcaulty
     member enough
     time for
     research/scholar
     ship and do not
     overburden
     him/her with a
     high teaching
     load both in the
     class room and
     at the practice
     site
31

     Allow and expect
     faculty to set
     aside time for
     research or
     scholarly activity.
     Establish
     mentoring
     programs for
     new faculty that
     help new hires
     identify research
     topics and other
     faculty to
     collaborate with.
     Keep the
     definition of
     "scholarhip"
     broad to
     encompass
     areas more
     applicable to the
     clinical practice
     site/working
     clinician.


32   CReate faculty
     schedule that
     facilitates
     scholarship
     through blocks
     of time.
33
     Support
     personnel, most
     importantly,
     library
     resources.
34
     Developing good
     mentors and
     collaborative
     practices or
     collaborative
     groups to work
     together. Recruit
     good mentors.
     Utilize basic
     science people
     to work with
     pharmacy
     practice faculty.
35   This seems to
     be the same
     question. Why
     repeat (other
     than AACP vs
     colleges)
36   We have many
     of these items
     available, but
     lack the time to
     take them and
     focus on the
     assignments.
37   Allow time for
     faculty to
     conduct
     scholarship.
     Typically, non-
     tenure track
     faculty time is
     more heavily
     devoted to
     teaching and
     service (and,
     sometimes,
     lightening the
     burden for
     tenure-track
     faculty to
     complete their
     research). Many
     individuals have
     interest in
     scholarship but
     no time to
     complete it.
     Evaluate faculty
     on their
     scholarship. At
     our institution,
     we are
     &quot;encourag
     ed&quot; to do
     scholarship and
     many do (submit
38   abstracts,
     How to identify
     mentors and
     collaborators
     within and
     external to your
     university
39   Mentoring for
     junior faculty
How important is scholarship/research for career advancement in your
current position?
                                              Response        Response
answer options                                 Percent          Count
Required                                        55.43%           143
Very important                                  16.67%            43
Somewhat important                              24.81%            64
Not important                                    3.10%             8
                                        answered question             258
                                          skipped question             25
How important do you think scholarship/research SHOULD be for
advancement in your current position?
                                             Response       Response
answer options                                Percent         Count
Required                                       31.40%          81
Very important                                 26.36%          68
Somewhat important                             37.98%          98
Not important                                   4.26%          11
                                       answered question            258
                                         skipped question            25
What do you consider to be a reasonable number of peer-reviewed, primary
authorship* publications per year for practice faculty to receive an
evaluation of "acceptable" for scholarship/research during annual review?
*primary authorship is either first author or the author most responsible for
the conduct and publication of the investigation
                                                  Response        Response
answer options                                     Percent          Count
 0 (peer-reviewed, primary authorship
publications should not be a requirement for        8.95%            23
practice faculty)
More than 0, but less than 1/year on average      34.24%             88
~1/year                                           40.47%            104
~2-3/year                                         15.18%             39
>3/year                                            1.17%              3
                                           answered question              257
                                            skipped question               26
What is the number of peer-reviewed, primary authored publications
expected of practice faculty at your institution?
                                                  Response    Response
answer options                                     Percent      Count
0                                                   2.72%          7
More than 0, but less than 1/year on average      14.01%        36
~1/year                                           34.63%        89
~2-3/year                                         18.29%        47
>3/year                                            0.78%         2
Not explicitly stated                             29.57%        76
                                           answered question         257
                                            skipped question          26
How many peer-reviewed papers have you published as the principal author
in the last 5 years?
                                           Response         Response
answer options                              Percent           Count
0                                            22.57%             58
More than 0, but less than 1/year on average      22.96%        59
~1/year                                           26.07%        67
~2-3/year                                         14.79%        38
>3/year                                           13.62%        35
                                           answered question         257
                                            skipped question          26
What proportion of your salary (approximate %) is paid by the
College/School of Pharmacy?
                                              Response          Response
answer options                                  Percent          Count
<50%                                             9.02%              23
50-74%                                           8.24%              21
75-99%                                           5.88%              15
100%                                            76.08%             194
Don't know                                       0.78%               2
                                        answered question              255
                                         skipped question                28
Approximately how many months are you "on service"* each year? *"on
service" is defined as primary responsibility for pharmaceutical care for a
group of patients

                                              Response           Response
answer options                                 Percent            Count
0 months                                        18.04%               46
1-3 months                                       6.67%               17
4-6 months                                       7.06%               18
7-9 months                                       9.41%               24
10-12 months                                    58.82%              150
                                         answered question              255
                                          skipped question                28
Approximately how many PharmD students do you personally precept each
year at your practice site?
                                          Response        Response
answer options                             Percent          Count
0                                           12.35%            31
1                                            1.20%             3
2                                            1.99%             5
3                                            2.39%             6
4                                            2.79%             7
5                                            2.79%             7
6                                            3.59%             9
7                                            2.79%             7
8                                            3.59%             9
9                                            1.99%             5
10                                           8.37%            21
11                                           0.00%             0
12                                          11.16%            28
13                                           0.00%             0
14                                           6.37%            16
15                                           3.59%             9
16                                           9.96%            25
17                                           0.80%             2
18                                           8.76%            22
19                                           0.00%             0
20                                           5.98%            15
21                                           1.20%             3
22                                           2.79%             7
23                                           0.80%             2
24                                           0.80%             2
25                                           0.80%             2
26                                           0.40%             1
27                                           0.40%             1
28                                           0.40%             1
29                                           0.00%             0
30                                           0.40%             1
>30                                          1.59%             4
                                   answered question               251
                                     skipped question               32
Approximately how many pharmacy residents/fellows do you personally
precept each year at your practice site?
                                              Response     Response
answer options                                 Percent       Count
0                                                0.00%          0
1                                               58.96%        148
2                                               16.33%         41
3                                               10.76%         27
4                                                6.37%         16
5                                                1.99%          5
6                                                3.19%          8
7                                                0.40%          1
8                                                0.40%          1
9                                                0.40%          1
10                                               0.80%          2
11                                               0.00%          0
12                                               0.40%          1
13                                               0.00%          0
14                                               0.00%          0
15                                               0.00%          0
>15                                              0.00%          0
                                         answered question          251
                                          skipped question           32
Approximately how many hours of lectures and/or classroom instruction do
you give in the College/School of Pharmacy each year?
                                              Response      Response
answer options                                 Percent         Count
<5 hours                                        5.98%           15
5-9 hours                                       8.37%           21
10-19 hours                                    16.33%           41
20-29 hours                                    11.95%           30
30-39 hours                                    14.74%           37
40-49 hours                                     7.17%           18
50-59 hours                                     7.97%           20
60-70 hours                                     7.57%           19
>70 hours                                      19.92%           50
                                        answered question             251
                                         skipped question              32
What proportion of your time (approximate %) do you devote to
scholarship/research?
                                              Response        Response
answer options                                 Percent         Count
<5%                                            32.67%            82
5-14%                                          35.46%            89
15-24%                                         17.93%            45
25-34%                                          7.17%            18
>35%                                            6.77%            17
                                       answered question             251
                                         skipped question              32
Your age:

                                          Response
answer options                             Count
                                             240
                 answered question               240
                  skipped question                 43


Respondents

1                                    27
2                                    38
3                                    42
4                                    39
5                                    28
6                                    51
7                                    27
8                                    29
9                                    30
10                                   45
11                                   59
12                                   29
13                                   39
14                                   46
15                                   35
16                                   na
17                                   28
18                                   27
19                                   41
20                                   52
21                                   32
22                                   51
23                                   32
24                                   32
25                                   32
26                                   38
27                                   28
28                                   34
29                                   42
30                                   47
31                                   36
32                                   31
33                                   34
34                                   55
35                                   39
36                                   28
37                                   45
38                                   42
39                                   28
40   58
41   35
42   27
43   33
44   43
45   37
46   40
47   37
48   56
49   37
50   28
51   35
52   39
53   36
54   35
55   57
56   32
57   54
58   59
59   32
60   42
61   58
62   27
63   41
64   39
65   56
66   42
67   57
68   51
69   39
70   37
71   27
72   30
73   35
74   58
75   52
76   47
77   41
78   38
79   35
80   51
81   44
82   30
83   53
84   59
85   39
86   39
87   36
88   48
89    34
90    29
91    30
92    45
93    31
94    55
95    29
96    38
97    35
98    39
99    36
100   48
101   30
102   31
103   40
104   49
105   32
106   27
107   47
108   51
109   29
110   49
111   32
112   56
113   39
114   35
115   45
116   51
117   34
118   30
119   29
120   54
121   55
122   46
123   28
124   47
125   29
126   49
127   49
128   41
129   53
130   28
131   27
132   53
133   60
134   52
135   28
136   31
137   28
138   26
139   29
140   32
141   30
142   27
143   31
144   28
145   32
146   28
147   33
148   28
149   50
150   33
151   34
152   54
153   37
154   45
155   29
156   28
157   34
158   30
159   29
160   52
161   31
162   36
163   37
164   36
165   32
166   31
167   28
168   28
169   40
170   35
171   31
172   35
173   36
174   47
175   52
176   38
177   59
178   28
179   60
180   45
181   55
182   55
183   26
184   41
185   28
186   44
187   33
188   39
189   56
190   29
191   41
192   28
193   36
194   52
195   60
196   27
197   41
198   57
199   51
200   31
201   35
202   29
203   45
204   30
205   32
206   32
207   35
208   39
209   55
210   62
211   43
212   29
213   39
214   30
215   59
216   47
217   35
218   61
219   31
220   30
221   41
222   52
223   40
224   49
225   58
226   30
227   53
228   32
229   44
230   45
231   32
232   27
233   35
234   35
235   57
236   33
237   38
238   31
239   38
240   48
Your gender:

                      Response       Response
answer options         Percent        Count
Male                    39.27%           97
Female                  60.73%          150
                 answered question          247
                  skipped question            36
Your current academic rank:

                                   Response       Response
answer options                      Percent        Count
Professor                            13.94%           35
Associate Professor                  29.88%           75
Assistant Professor                  52.19%          131
Instructor                            3.98%           10
                              answered question          251
                               skipped question            32
Your current position:

                                                 Response       Response
answer options                                    Percent        Count
Tenured                                            23.20%           58
Tenure-eligible                                    15.60%           39
Non-tenure                                         59.20%          148
Other (please specify)                              2.00%            5
                                            answered question          250
                                             skipped question            33

Other (please specify)
Career Contract
continuing contract
non-tenure- we have no tenure at our institution
Clinical Pharmacist
Clinical Adjunct
Your College/School of Pharmacy is:

                                           Response       Response
answer options                              Percent        Count
Public                                       68.40%          171
Private                                      31.60%           79
                                      answered question          250
                                       skipped question            33
Your College/School of Pharmacy is part of a:

                                                Response        Response
answer options                                   Percent         Count
Comprehensive University (e.g. undergraduate
                                                 39.20%            98
degree programs in history, economics, etc.)
Health Science Center (e.g. College/School of
                                                   17.60%          44
Medicine, Nursing, etc.)
Both                                               32.40%          81
'Stand alone' College/School of Pharmacy           10.80%          27
                                           answered question            250
                                             skipped question            33
Your education and training: Please select all that apply:

                                                    Response           Response
answer options                                       Percent            Count
BSPharm                                              43.60%               109
PharmD                                               91.20%               228
Residency (PGY1)                                     56.00%               140
Residency (PGY2)                                     31.60%                79
Fellowship                                           16.80%                42
Bachelors (e.g. non-pharmacy BS, BA, etc.)            12.80%               32
Masters (e.g. MS, MBA, MPH, etc.)                   14.80%                 37
PhD                                                  5.60%                 14
Other (please specify)                               6.40%                 16
                                             answered question                   250
                                              skipped question                    33

Other (please specify)
Certifications
BA
In a PhD program currently
2 year, non-ASHP accredited specialty residency
CDE
3rd year specialty residency
EdD Candidate
DVM
Certified Geriatric Pharmacist (CGP)
BCPP
Primary care specialty as a PGY 1 (not sure how to classify above)
Clinical pharmacist experience prior to position.
just a note here - you will find that question 16 does not allow an answer of zero
BCOP
cgp
EdD
How well did your education/training prepare you to conduct
scholarship/research?
                                              Response        Response
answer options                                 Percent         Count
Very well                                       14.80%            37
Moderately well                                 47.20%           118
Poorly                                          34.00%            85
Not at all                                       4.00%            10
                                        answered question            250
                                          skipped question             33
If you were well prepared, what aspect(s) of your
education/training were most beneficial?
                                                Response
answer options                                    Count
                                                   87
                        answered question                87
                          skipped question              196


Respondents

1                                          Residency
                                           training
2                                          Pharmacotherap
                                           eutics
3
                                           Statistics course
4                                          n/a
5                                          No preparation
                                           in Pharm.D.
                                           curriculum; I
                                           completed a
                                           research
                                           fellowship
6
                                           Actual research,
                                           including
                                           administrative
                                           aspects of
                                           funding and
                                           budget control.
7                                          -grant writing,
                                           mentoring
8                                          Data analysis
                                           and research
                                           design
9
                                           1) Time totally
                                           devoted to
                                           research training
                                           during fellowship
                                           (85-90 % of
                                           fellowship
                                           devoted to
                                           research) 2) 12
                                           month research
                                           project required
                                           as part of
                                           Pharm.D. with
                                           oral defense and
                                           publication ready
10
     experience on
     rotations under
     tutelage of
     preceptors
     where were
     conducting
     research;
     assisting them
     on their projects
11   Didactic and on-
     site clinical
     practice.
12   Hands on
     training during
     residency
13   Didactic course
     in study design,
     biostatistics,
     grant writing.
14   (1) doctoral
     training that had
     a reseach focus,
     outside of
     pharmacy (2)
     working on
     grants with
     others who
     actually knew
     how to write
     grants and
     conduct large
     studies.
15   fellowship
16   Specific course
     in research and
     design
17   The hands on
     fellowship
     training in a
     research
     intensive
     environment.
18   Hands on
     experience
     preparing a
     research
     proposal,
     preparing IRB
     submission,
     enrolling
     patients, etc
19
     practical
     experience in
     study design,
     biostatistics and
     grant writing
20   Fellowship
21   Residency
22
     Undergraduate
     experience in DI
     course work and
     residency project
     publications.
23   Research
     Mentors
     Statistics
     coursework
24   Research
     seminar/discussi
     on monthly.
25   good clinical
     training; routine
     'journal clubs'
     and critiqes of
     literature;
     emphasis on
     knowing the
     literature
26   Didactic
     coursework
     (statistics, study
     design) and
     research
     experience (IRB
     submission,
     grant writing,
     abstract/poster
     preparation)
27   Residnecy
     training only
28   working with
     mentors who
     had sucessful,
     internationally
     competitive
     programs.
     Focusing on
     'what you do',
     rather than 'what
     degree do you
     have'.
     Pharmacy is
     holding itself
     back at the
     moment; there is
     no one else to
     blame.
29
     The requirement
     to conduct a
     clinical trial
30   trained as an
     independent
     investigator
31   Certainly took on
     some high level
     research
     projects during
     residency that
     were beneficial
     in learning the
     pitfalls of
     research and
     study design.
32
     Research
     rotation in
     school,
     residency
     research project
33   Residency
     Research
     Project. MPH
34   Research
     projects during
     residency
     training.
35
     Opportuties to
     actually
     contribute
     written work to a
     published paper.
36   required project
     to write up a
     research
     proposal
     (generic grant
     application)
37
     In-depth
     research project
     execution in
     graduate school,
     writing of
     dissertation.
38   thesis/disseratio
     n requirement,
     statistics and
     methods
     courses
39
     The fellowship
     provided skills in
     scientific writing,
     study design,
     study
     conduction,
     pharmacology,
     and some study
     techinques
     (ECG reading,
     animal
     myocardial
     testing).
40   Learning how to
     apply theories to
     guide studies
     Using proper
     research
     methods
41   Residency
     training.
42   Fellowship
43   My one-year
     fellowship.
     Learning how to
     prepare and
     write a study
     proposal and
     grant proposal
     were highly
     useful skills to
     learn.
44
     Research design
     and research
     question
     development
45   curriculum
46
     completing
     residency project
     biostats and
     drug lit courses
     in PharmD
     program
47   Reviewing the
     drug literature
     Preparing a
     proposal
     Analyzing the
     data Writing up
     the final product
48   Having
     experienced
     challenges,
     some failures in
     projects, and
     needing to alter
     a course of
     investigation.
49
     Post Bac
     Pharm.D
     program
     required didactic
     courses as well
     as research
     project
50   Didactic
     classroom work
     in study design
     and biostats
     Availability of a
     research
     oriented mentor
     Availability of a
     statistician
51   Biostatistics
     classes
52   Projects that I
     participated in
     during my
     residency.
53   Fellowship and
     coursework
54   Fellowship
55   NO
56
     Hands-on
     research
     experience
     during
     fellowship;
     structured
     didactic courses
     in grant writing,
     study design and
     biostatistics.

57   Fellowship
     training
58
     the experiences
     from my
     residency
     program. we had
     a very structured
     research
     program
     throughout the
     residency
59   MPH with
     emphasis in
     biostatistics
60   Graduate
     degrees
     (courses in study
     design and
     statistics)
61   PhD training in
     critical problem
     solving skills
62
     1) Pharm.D.
     education
     (attended the
     Univ of
     Nebraska
     Medical Center --
     they provided a
     fantastic
     foundation) 2)
     PGY2
     Residency (had I
     not completed a
     specialty
     residency, I
     would be at a
     loss for initiating
     research in my
     field)
63
     Doing a clinical
     reserach project
     as a Pharm.D.
     student and a
     research project
     as a fellow

64   Residency
     training
65   mentorship and
     role modeling by
     faculty
     preceptors
     during PGY2
     residency,
     elective during
     PharmD on
     study design
66
     Grant writing
     Clinical Trials
     Methods Course
67   1 year
     Residency at
     National
     Institutes of
     Health
68
     didactic course
     work as student
     with the
     oppurtunity to
     complete a small
     scale research
     project as a
     senior student
     and then getting
     to reinforce
     those skills
     through
     residency project
     that was
     published and
     working with
     preceptors on
     their research
     projects
69
     grant writing;
     actually
     designing and
     conducting
     clinical research
70   NA
71   learning to
     collaborate with
     others to
     complete
     scholarship, i.e.
     mentoring
72   More basic
     science
     research
     didactic and
     experiential
     training.
73   Academician
     Preparation
     Program
74
     Statistics Study
     Design Quality
     assurance
     initiatives "fake"
     research
     assignment
75   Doing it in
     residency and
     graduate school
     with strong
     teachers and
     mentors
76   Drug
     information,
     statistics
77
     Classroom
     training plus
     good mentorship
78
     Had to learn IRB
     in residency
79
     Opportunities to
     participate in
     research during
     post-bac
     Pharm.D.
     program and
     PGY2 residency
     training.
80   Senior research
     project required
     in pharm school
     Residency
     research/writing
     requirement
81
     Learned to write
     protocols and
     grants.
     Experienced
     putting together
     drug trials and
     being involved
     with them. Large
     PPRU center.
82
     Courses in
     biostatistics,
     required
     Pharm.D. project
     (somewhat
     similar to thesis
     but a thesis write-
     up not required),
     great mentoring,
     and a course in
     teaching
     techniques that
     taught teaching
     theory.

83
     My dissertation.
84   Research
     included as part
     of training.
85
     Statistics and
     research design;
     conduct of
     industry-funded
     clinical research;
     didactic lectures,
     clinical
     precepting; how
     to write a review
     article; how to
     write a research
     article; how to
     review a
     manuscript

86
     The acutal
     implementation
     of clincial trials
     (both my on
     research project
     as well as a
     major industry
     sponsered
     clincial trial)
87   methodology
If you were NOT sufficiently prepared, in what way(s) was your preparation
deficient? Select all that apply:
                                                Response        Response
answer options                                   Percent          Count
Not enough basic course work in research
                                                  63.04%           116
methods and study design
Not enough basic course work in statistics        51.09%            94
No mentoring                                      47.83%            88
No didactics on grant writing                     75.54%           139
Other (please specify)                            12.50%            23
                                           answered question             184
                                            skipped question              99

Other (please specify)
No instruction on creating a research question and how to answer it; no instruction
Limited mentoring and not encompasing enough in areas of balancing pharmacy
The scope and quality of research is limited to glorified DUE or retrospective chart
No rigorous experience with research during training -- training was focused on
During my B.S. training at a leading research university, we were constantly put off
Most post-doctoral fellowship training but I needed to support a family.
If I were to say the most deficient area of PGY1/2 residencies, it is that there is
Insufficient mentoring in the science itself. Insufficient teaching in translational
My training lacked the depth and breadth to write an R01 or similar grant during my
I was unprepared for the current expectations of scholarship, grantsmanship,
no pharmacoepidemiology or pharmacoeconomics
superficial experience. had information, just not sure what was relevant.
No project required at all in one residency. In the other, residents chose projects in
Going from a residency program where there was a lot of access to outside
I feel that colleges of pharmacy need more practical application of study design;
research/scholarship was not stressed in program
I probably would have felt a need for more coursework in research methods, study
Grant writing training
NA
it was 30 years ago.
not enough emphasis during residency not required to publish anything during
I began the process of research design but did not publish my work (this is often a
courses on how practice-based research, mentoring on developing research
What are the total (cumulative) years of clinical practice since completion of
your training?
                                                  Response         Response
answer options                                     Percent          Count
<2 years                                           16.47%             41
2-4 years                                          15.66%             39
5-9 years                                          22.09%             55
10-14 years                                        14.46%             36
15-19 years                                         8.43%             21
20-25 years                                         9.64%             24
>25 years                                          13.25%             33
                                          answered question                249
                                            skipped question                 34
Please add any comments that you would like to share on
the subject of scholarship/research among pharmacy
                                             Response
answer options                                 Count
                                                 60
                        answered question               60
                          skipped question            223


Respondents

1                                         n/a
2                                         -
3                                         Scholarship
                                          requirements
                                          should depend
                                          upon % of salary
                                          paid by College
                                          of Pharmacy
                                          because
                                          institutions
                                          usually have
                                          high
                                          expectations for
                                          any employee.
                                          It is difficult to
                                          differentiate time
                                          between the
                                          institution and
                                          the college when
                                          you are located
                                          in the institution
                                          40+ hour/week.
                                          Health care of
                                          patients will not
                                          wait on scholarly
                                          demand
                                          requirements.
                                          Sometimes
                                          needs of the
                                          institution do not
                                          lead to(or very
                                          little)the
                                          production of
                                          scholarly
                                          discovery. I am
4   My position is
    now further
    complicated,
    since I am the
    director of
    experiential
    education and
    have no clinical
    practice any
    longer. There
    are no clear
    expectations nor
    training
    programs for my
    position. It is
    difficult to find
    time for
    research/scholar
    ship given the
    enormous task
    of developing
    new and
    additional sites
    to comply with
    the new
    Standards and
    Guidelines.
5   The global areas
    of academia are
    scholarship/rese
    arch, teaching,
    and service (i.e.
    clinical
    activities). My
    problem is that
    we are told that
    to be promoted
    you need to
    excell in 2 areas
    and be
    "adequate" in
    the third, but the
    2 things they
    don't tell you is
    what qualifies as
    "adequate" and
    that the
    "adequate" area
    can't be
    research. Thus,
    one would
    assume that you
    can be an
    excellent
    clinician/teacher
    and adequate at
    research to be
    promoted, but in
    reality that
6   usually doesn't
    It is difficult to
    find the
    opportunity to
    conduct
    research when
    contracts with
    healthcare
    facilities require
    half of the
    available time for
    patient care and
    class/student
    load requires the
    other half...It's
    too bad, but
    that's the way it
    is.
7
    Scholarship is
    an intergral part
    of our daily
    practices and we
    should share the
    information thru
    publication. This
    is crucial for the
    advancement of
    pharmacy
    practice.

8
    I have several
    reseach projects
    that are IRB-
    approved. I wish
    I had more time
    to evaluate study
    patients and
    conduct more
    research.
9
    1. It easy to
    invest extra time
    in practice and
    then this level
    becomes the
    norm 2.
    Feasability of
    quality research
    (access to
    numbers of
    patients, or time
    to invest in
    prospective
    trials) is a major
    limitation 3.
    Working with
    someone who
    has successfully
    implemented
    scholarship
    would really
    help, I don't have
    role models or
    mentors (beyond
    pep talks).
10
     New guidelines
     and time
     constraints
     make it very
     difficult for
     clinical faculty to
     design and carry
     out meaningful
     research while
     fulfilling all other
     requirements of
     their position.
11
     It is difficult (if
     not impossible)
     to be competitive
     for grants with
     the patient
     care/teaching
     load required of
     a practice faculty
     member.
     Without
     adequate
     funding,
     substantive
     research is
     difficult to
     accomplish.
12
     Your survey is
     flawed. The
     AACP Pharmacy
     Practice section
     members have
     published
     several articles
     differentiating
     educator-
     practitioner and
     researcher-
     educator
     pharmacy
     practice faculty.
     Your failure to
     query the status
     of faculty
     members in this
     survey will result
     in largely
     useless data. I
     would strongly
     suggest that this
     be redone with
     an early
     question about
     how the
     respondent
     would define him-
     /herself
13   We need to
     promote this
     more broad
     definition of
     scholarship/rese
     arch (eg
     including
     scholarship of
     teaching and
     learning, review
     articles, etc) and
     encourage
     university
     administration to
     'accept' this as
     scholarship.
     Problem often is
     beyond the
     scope of school
     of pharmacy or
     college level
     administration.
14   This is an
     extremely
     important topic.
     There a
     numerous
     practice faculty
     who are having
     a hard time
     getting promoted
     because of
     perceived lack of
     research/scholar
     ship, yet many of
     these individuals
     have had a
     significant
     impact on
     practice and
     have been doing
     what has been
     expected of
     them. This is
     where the
     disconnect is,
     practice faculty
     are hired to
     primarily do
     practice and
     teaching and
     they may excel
     in these areas,
     but still cannot
15   getrealistic.
     be promoted.
     there is too
     much dabling in
     research and not
     enough
     emphasis on
     research that
     can lead to
     advances in
     knowledge
     across medical
     disciplines.
16
     Now more active
     in academic
     administration;
     IRB
     resposibilities.
17
     No comment on
     scholarship, but I
     did have to claim
     a resident on
     one of the
     previous pages
     becaue zero was
     not an option
     and I had to
     answer
     something to get
     off the page.
18
     I answered 1 to
     question 16
     because 0 was
     not a choice. My
     real answer is 0.
19
     the goals of the
     school and the
     practice site are
     often at odds.
     The school
     wanting teaching
     and scholarship
     and the site
     wanting service.
     Limited to no
     resources
     provided by the
     school to
     augment the
     funding available
     from the practice
     site.
20
     It appears that
     most people at
     my age were self
     motivated and
     self taught, and
     sought out
     collaborators.
     That still exists
     but at a higher
     level in the
     playing field than
     in the past. So,
     now you need to
     be very good at
     what you do and
     also very good
     at developing
     collaboration
     within and
     across
     disciplines.
21   Scholarship
     expectations of
     clinical track
     faculty are
     important, but
     time
     committment to
     didactic and
     experiential
     teaching is
     significant
     leaving little time
     for scholarship.
     At my School of
     Pharmacy, this
     is a very big
     concern for this
     type of faculty
     and does
     contribute to
     attrition in faculty
     numbers, which
     in turn affects
     work load. With
     the expansion in
     the number of
     Schools/College
     s, this also puts
     a strain on have
     adequate
     numbers of
     clinical faculty to
     carry out
22   Question 16 did
     not have a
     response option
     of "0" so I
     selected "1"
     even though to
     correct number
     is "0" I believe
     that most
     research in a
     clinical practice
     setting is (and
     should
     reasonably be)
     related to 1)
     clinical trials,
     and/or
     2)pharmaceutica
     l care initiatives.
     Clinical trials are
     inherently
     multidisciplinary -
     - clinical
     pharmacy faculty
     may be very
     much involved,
     are often co-
     authors, but are
     infrequently
     primary authors
     (especially vis-a-
     vis physician
     primary
23   It seems like
     scholarship is
     again becoming
     polarized.
     Clinical
     departments are
     expected to
     bring in Federal
     and peer
     reviewed funding
     similar to
     science
     departments,
     this leads to
     hiring in basic
     scientists in
     clincal
     departments and
     leaving the real
     service to
     partially funded
     clinicians that
     have little
     training for
     clinical research
     and even less
     time. Their main
     responsibilities
     are to the
     hospital, clinic or
     health service
     organization that
     pays the majority
24   In my opinion,
     assessing
     research
     requirements/trai
     ning will be
     difficult for
     pharmacy
     practice faculty.
     This is because
     of the wide
     range of effort
     distributions that
     professionals in
     practice
     departments
     have. Even in
     my own
     department, we
     have faculty that
     are 10%
     scholarship, and
     faculty who are
     75%
     scholarship. So,
     obviously
     publication
     numbers as an
     example would
     have to have
     different targets
     for each of these
     individuals.
25   Thanks for the
     Most schools do
     not stress
     scholarship and
     do not support
     non-tenure track
     faculty who want
     to contribute.
     Scholarship is
     important for
     growth and
     development of
     the faculty. On
     the survey for
     numbers of
     publications
     expected, it
     doesn't specify
     per year or a unit
     of time.
26
     Thank you for
     focusing on such
     an important
     issue!!
27
     I feel that some
     of my pharmacy
     practice peers
     have branched
     out into areas of
     scholarship/rese
     arch funded by
     federal agencies
     that are "pork"
     and not really all
     that valuable or
     pertinent to
     pharmacy
     practice.


28   Answer to #16 is
     0, but drop down
     menu did not
     include this as a
     response.
29
     I believe, at my
     institution at
     least, that there
     is an increasing
     expectation of
     scholarship of
     the faculty.
     However, there
     is also an
     increase in
     teaching work
     load as well with
     larger class
     sizes and a
     shrinking faculty
     pool. While I do
     think that faculty
     should be
     expected to
     produce in this
     area, it becomes
     increasingly
     difficult to do so
     with the current
     work load.
     Unfortunately, it
     does not appear
     that
     administrators
     realize and
     understand that.
30
     One potential
     flaw in this
     survey is that
     questions did not
     delineate
     between tenure
     track vs. clinical
     track faculty as
     they were asked.
31   I feel that certain
     faulty are
     stronger and
     have an interest
     in research and
     others are
     stronger and
     have an interest
     in teaching.
     Most faculty
     members who
     have done
     residencies have
     done such to
     improve their
     clinical skills and
     have little
     experience in
     research. Those
     faculty members
     who have done
     a fellowship
     have been
     trained to do
     research. Since
     most pharmacy
     practice faculty
     have a large
     workload with
     students on
     rotation and
     didatic courses
     alone, I do not
32   We must think
     "outside the box"
     for creative ways
     to adjust
     schedules to
     allow for
     protected time
     periodically,
     especially for
     major planned
     research
     projects.
     Continually
     being "on
     service" and
     continually
     having rotation
     students makes
     it nearly
     impossible to fit
     in time for
     research.
33   The NIH K30
     program is a
     great avenue for
     training junior
     faculty in
     research
34
     The most
     important issue
     if for faculty to
     find
     scholarship/rese
     arch
     opportunities in
     what they do
     daily as a
     clinician. If they
     find these, they
     can usually be
     successful
     because they
     don't have to
     take on
     considerable
     additional work
     to complete this
     portion of their
     job.
35
     At our institution,
     the need for
     scholarhsip is
     being
     emphasized, but
     the
     developmental
     support and
     mentorship is
     lacking. The
     attitude toward
     research among
     some younger
     faculty is that it's
     something that
     must be done,
     but an
     understanding or
     appreciation of
     what makes a
     quality project is
     lacking.

36   Your survey
     does not allow
     one to enter 0 as
     the number of
     residents
     precepted per
     year. I had to put
     1 in the blank to
     allow me to
     progress
     through the
     survey.
37   I don't think we
     can just add on
     a couple of study
     design/
     biostatistics/
     grant writing
     courses to
     prepare
     pharmacy
     practice faculty
     to be proficient
     in
     scholarship/rese
     arch. A
     structured
     fellowship
     training is a
     basic minimum
     (and in many
     cases, even that
     is not adequate).
     Research is a
     more than full
     time job and it is
     difficult to have
     practice faculty
     who also are
     engaged in
     heavy clerkship
     and didactic
     teaching to be
     good in
38   everything. One
     Regarding
     publications, you
     failed to allow
     respondents to
     indicate the
     number of
     publications in
     which they were
     significant
     contributors in
     collaborative
     research (e.g.,
     2nd author).
39
     If practice faculty
     are expected to
     conduct
     research, then
     they should be
     offered the
     opportunity to
     develop their
     research skills.
     Conversely,
     practice faculty
     must be willing
     and devoted to
     developing these
     skills as the
     current
     research/scholar
     ship training
     provided in
     schools/colleges
     of pharmacy is
     not sufficient to
     support
     appropriate
     research skills.
     The same is true
     of residency
     programs.

40
     Need more
     large,
     collaborative
     practice studies
     that can be with
     multiple
     campuses. This
     is because there
     are so few
     pharmacy
     practice faculty
     within each
     specialty at each
     campus. We
     need to work
     together to share
     the load and get
     the work done.
41   On one of the
     questions, I
     marked that I
     precept one
     resident/fellow
     because the
     survey forced
     me to. I actually
     precept no
     residents or
     fellows. I was
     about to start
     precepting a
     resident, but I
     have decided to
     leave academia.
     Also, I marked
     that I completed
     PGY2 year but
     not PGY1 year.
     This is because I
     did a primary
     care specialty
     residency
     without a
     pharmacy
     practice
     residency first.
     The scholarship
     I have done in
     my current
     position to keep
42   reasonable
     increased
     mentor/collabora
     tion
     opportunities for
     junior faculty
     thru
     mini/working-
     fellowship
     programs
43
     The question on
     how many
     residents do you
     precept did not
     have 0 as a
     choice and you
     could not move
     on until selected
     at least 1. I
     selected 1 but
     do not have any
     residents.
44   This situation
     WILL NOT
     improve, as we
     are now being
     "forced" to hire
     entry-level
     Pharm.D. and
     PGY1 residency
     trained
     practitioners as
     our clinical
     faculty. They
     typically have
     virtually no
     training and little
     experience in
     scholarship
     issues. They
     want to, but
     often don't know
     how to, produce
     scholarly works.
     Mentoring within
     programs is
     even more
     important now
     that it was when
     I trained. I don't
     believe AACP
     can help much
     with this "supply
     and quality"
     issue. The
45   I answered this
     survey because I
     am in a
     pharmacy
     practice
     department,I am
     also PhD
     tranied. I feel the
     questionarie was
     set up to survey
     and primarily
     directed to
     clinical
     (PharmD)
     faculty. Thus, I
     had a tough time
     answering some
     of the questions
     as I was forced
     to provide an
     answer to move
     on and I was not
     not give a
     no,zero or not
     applicable option
     for some
     questions such
     as the number of
     residents
     question so I
     answered 1 to
     move on, when
46   in reality I have
     Scholarshi and
     research in
     pharmacy by
     pharmacists
     seems to be
     declining.
     Where are the
     next generation
     of pharmacist
     researchers
     coming from?
     How might the
     NIH Clinical
     Translational
     Science Center
     initiative help to
     educate and
     train these
     people?
47
     All newly faculty
     should have
     approximately 6
     months of
     "protected time"
     where by they
     precept zero
     students and are
     protected from
     committee
     responsibilities.
     This should
     allow sufficient
     time to establish
     their practice site
     and begin
     research
     endeavors.


48
     When patient
     care comes first
     and students
     come second it
     is extremely
     difficult to make
     publishing a
     priority even
     when research is
     aligned with
     teaching and
     practice goals.
49   Important to do
     but not enough
     structure and
     time to do it.
50   It is challenging
     to define 2 per
     year when
     journals have
     lapse of time in
     the publication
     time. I may work
     on 1 article per
     year but
     sometimes I
     have 3 articles
     published in the
     same year.
51   I may be a little
     biased towards
     research
     because I did a
     Fellowship.
     However, I do
     feel that all
     pharmacy
     practice faculty
     should learn to
     be involved with
     scholarship and
     small research.
52   Programs
     should do a
     better job of
     promoting
     research in their
     students and
     encouraging
     inquiry at the
     PharmD student
     level. Residency
     projects should
     be more
     advanced in
     study design
     than they are
     with greater
     expectations of
     presentation
     (beyond
     residency
     conferences)
     and publication.
     All this will help
     with faculty. Any
     faculty member
     hired straight out
     of a residency
     should be given
     protected time,
     mentors, and
     opportunities to
     take research-
     related
53
     question 16
     didn't allow a
     zero for an
     answer so I put
     1, but please
     change to zero
     (the question
     about how many
     residents/fellows
     do I precept
     yearly)
54
     I believe that
     practice faculty
     are burdened
     with service and
     practice
     responsibilities
     which will always
     appear to take
     precedence over
     scholarship/rese
     arch unless they
     have residents
     or non-faculty
     colleagues to
     take up the
     practice
     responsibilities
     on a routine
     basis. They
     need protected
     time that would
     allow them to
     develop
     scholarly
     pursuits and a
     mentor to help
     them understand
     how to most
     efficiently utilize
     that time.
55
     I need blocks of
     time to work on
     scholarship. 30-
     60 minutes here
     and there is not
     productive
     scholarship time.
     Student
     advising,
     teaching and
     heavy service
     obligations
     essentially leave
     only small blocks
     of time for
     scholarship.
56
     I think the
     disparities
     between tenure-
     track and non-
     tenure track
     faculty need to
     be addressed.
     Non-tenure track
     faculty would like
     to participate in
     scholarship and
     advance their
     chosen field of
     pharmacy but
     need clear
     expectations,
     training and
     support to do so.

57
     I find it difficult to
     succeed in
     accomplishing
     scholarship/rese
     arch due to the
     heavy student
     load and months
     on service.
58
     New faculty
     come from
     residency
     training without
     sufficient
     knowledge of
     how to identify
     research
     questions and
     how to construct
     any type of
     manuscript
59   I think the
     biggest hurdle is
     time. With high
     student loads
     and a large
     amount of
     didactic
     teaching,
     performing
     acutal research
     and/or writing
     primary
     publications
     becomes very
     difficult.
60   It is an archaic
     system that
     mandates
     practicing faculty
     to perform
     research when
     their primary
     focus should be
     to teach
     students how to
     care for patients
     based on current
     standards of
     practice.
     Pharmaceutical
     researchers are
     not mandated to
     practice
     clinically, so why
     should clinical
     practitioners be
     mandated to
     perform
     research.
     Regarding
     scholarly activity,
     my stance is a
     bit softer. I have
     written several
     articles over the
     last couple of
     years. Although
     most of these

				
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