Autumn All the leaves are brown What s Happening Licorice Ext by benbenzhou


Autumn All the leaves are brown What s Happening Licorice Ext

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									           Autumn 2009


                                              All the leaves are              Also, in this issue I have
 Inside this Issue                            brown…                          included my article
                                                                              Hoarseness originally
                                                                              published in Canadian
 1          All the leaves are brown…
            Vocal Tip
                                                I am thrilled to bring you    Musician Magazine. And
                                              the current edition of the      much more!
                                              studio newsletter!
 2          What’s Happening?
                                              This has been such an
            Environmental Corner
                                              exciting year! I want to
 3          The Voice Mechanism
                                              thank everyone who has
                                                                              Tammy ☺
            Article: Hoarseness               come out and supported
 4/5        By Tammy Frederick                our shows this year.                  Vocal Tip
                                              2010 is shaping up to be                 Relaxation
 6          Bio Bits… Sutton Foster           another great year full of
                                              shows and all the details      We can hold a lot of tension in our
                                              will be released soon.           bodies while we are singing or
                                                                             even speaking. Here is a tip to try
                                                                             while you are practicing to release
                                              This fall I have been busy      excess tension while using your
                                              rehearsing for Thoroughly                    voice.
It’s amazing what goes into making            Modern Millie a fantastic
       something effortless…                                                  While practicing place your hand
                                              musical being mounted in       on your belly just above your belly
                                              November at Meadowvale             button. Bring attention to your
                                              Theatre in Mississauga! I         breathing allowing your belly to
                                                                               relax and move forward on your
                                              am thrilled to be playing
                                                                              inhalation and relax and move in
                                              the part of Millie Dillmount            on your exhalation.
                                              and am having so much
                                              fun putting the show           Now as you begin to sing or speak
                                                                             keep your belly relaxed. Continue
                                              together with the amazing           to practice keeping the
                                              cast and artistic team. I            abdominals relaxed.
                                              hope you all can come
tammy frederick’s                                                            Then, sway your body gently side
                                              out for an evening of          to side as you vocalize to release
voice stu dio
327 king ston road                            Broadway right in your              even more tension. Keep
416.850.0972                                  backyard!                       practicing until you can perform                                                        your songs with little tension
w w w . t am m yf r e de r i c k . c om                                      throughout your body. Your body
                                                                                       will thank you!
What’s Happening…

                                            Thoroughly Modern Millie!
                                              Tammy is thrilled to be cast as Millie Dillmount
                                              in Clarkson Music Theatre’s production of
                                              Thoroughly Modern Millie

                                              This is an amazing show with an amazing cast! I hope
                                              you can all make it out, but get your tickets soon we
                                              are selling out quickly!

                                              Fri Nov 20th, 8 pm
                                              Sat Nov 21st, 8 pm
                                              Sun Nov 22nd, 8 pm
                                              Thurs Nov 26th, 8 pm
                                              Fri Nov 27th, 8 pm
                                              Sat Nov 28th, 2pm & 8 pm

Thoroughly Modern Millie is the zany new 1920's musical that will have all of Mississauga dancing the
Charleston!! Taking place in New York City in 1922, it is the story of young Millie Dillmount, who is in
search of a new life for herself. It's a New York full of intrigue and jazz - when "everything today is
thoroughly modern" -a time when women were entering the workforce and the rules of love and social
behaviour were changing forever. Based on the popular movie, the stage version includes a full score of
new songs and bright dance numbers.

Meadowvale Theatre                           Phone:
                                             Phone 905-615-4720
6315 Montevideo Road                         Fax: 905-615-4721
Mississauga, ON, L5N 4G7                     Box Office
(Battleford and Erin Mills Parkway)          905-615-4720 ext 2588
Tree-Free Home: As much as possible, create a tree-free home
  •   Replace paper napkins with cloth napkins.
  •   Replace paper towels with a special set of cloth towels/napkins (or cut up old t-shirts for great
      towels) - store the used ones in a small container in your kitchen and just wash and reuse.
  •   Purchase bleach-free, toilet paper that is made from the highest post-consumer waste

      content you can find (80% minimum).
  •   If you print documents, print on once-used paper and/or bleach-free, recycled paper with the

      highest post-consumer waste content available.
  •   Create and use note pads from once-used paper.
  •   Leave messages for family members/roommates on a reusable message board.

  •   Make your own cards/letters from once-used products or handmade paper.

  •   If you will be doing construction on your house, search out alternatives to using newly cut

 The Voice Mechanism ~ How Does the Singing Voice Work?

 The voice is like any musical instrument. It has a power source (breath), a vibrator
 (vocal folds), and a resonator (the vocal tract). As the breath moves up from the
 lungs to the trachea, it moves through the vocal folds, which is housed in the larynx.
 The vocal folds create the sound in the way that blowing breath between two
 blades of grass creates sound. As the air passes through the vocal folds, which are
 closing, suction is created at this narrow space, causing the vocal folds to close.
 Pressure builds up under the closed vocal folds, causing the vocal folds to open
 again. As the air passes through the narrow passage, it creates suction, which
 causes the air folds to close again. This cycle continues, vibrating 261 times/second
 for middle C. This is how your vocal folds vibrate, and this is called the Bernoulli
 effect. The sound is created here, at the vocal folds, which are house in the larynx
 (your larynx is the bony bump on the front of your throat, often called the voice box,
 or Adams apple). The sound continues up into the vocal tract to the back of the
 throat, where it resonates, and exits at the mouth. Resonance also occurs in the
 nose, but only on consonants and sounds, such as the -ing in English words, or nasal
 French vowels. This is when the velum, or soft palate (if you feel the roof of your
 mouth with your tongue, feel the hard part-- that is your hard palate-- go further
 where it is soft and there is no more bone-- this is your soft palate) moves down and
 the air passes up further into the nasal area.
Hoarseness: The Top 5 Causes & How to Avoid It
By Tammy Frederick as published in Canadian Musician Magazine.

Maybe you are like many singers who have experienced a dry, gravelly sound to their voice the morning
after a hard night of singing. You may not be too concerned about this vocal roughness if you are able to
rest your voice for a few days, but what if you have to perform again tonight? What if tonight’s
performance has to be the best of your life? Now, the state of your voice becomes all consuming.
How can I fix it? Is there some miracle liquid I can drink? How much water can I drink before the show?
Although there are some tactics that will help ease hoarseness, curing chronic hoarseness permanently
begins long before it even happens and it involves dealing with the number of factors that cause it.

One: Poor Vocal Technique

The number one cause of hoarseness and vocal fatigue is poor vocal technique. If you find you get
hoarse after performing or rehearsing it is possible that you are singing with a significant amount of
muscular tension, which, pulls the larynx upward and/or pushing large amounts of air through your larynx.

The most common reason the larynx goes up is that the throat muscles or swallowing muscles become
engaged and pull the larynx up in their effort to help you reach higher notes. When this occurs the larynx
becomes unstable and tension sets in. Then, in an effort to continue to sing those high notes you may
force even more air through the larynx, increasing the volume, and essentially muscling your way through
the range of the song. This can set you up for hoarseness. With all that pulling and pushing and forcing of
air, your vocal cords can become fatigued and slightly swollen. When this happens the cords are no
longer able to connect properly which affects your vocal control.

Solution: Seek out professional vocal training. If you are unable to engage in professional instruction, try
some basic practice techniques. Practice your songs quietly, at the same volume you speak at, and keep
your breath moving easily. You will have more control over your sound if the vocal cords are able to
adjust to the pitches you need without the extra-added musculature. For a simple way to start vocalizing
and if you are without a coach or keyboard skills, try vocalizing to nursery rhymes. Their simple melodies
are a great way to ease your voice into making sound. If you find yourself challenged by songs in your
repertoire a more immediate solution would be to lower the keys of your songs so you can avoid having
to push and strain for the top notes in the melodic range. As you take time to develop your instrument you
will increase your range and up the key again later.

Two: Inadequate or No Vocal Warm-up

I have many singers come into my studio with the complaint of chronic hoarseness and when asked if
they warm-up before singing or performing the answer is often “no”. Always warm up your instrument.
How long would an athlete last if they did not warm up their body prior to competing? Singing through
your songs ahead of time is usually not a sufficient warm-up. You need to vocalize into and then beyond
the range of your songs.

Solution: Warm up your instrument before any performance, recording or practice session. If you work with
a vocal teacher you should already have a set of vocal warm ups recorded. Otherwise, find a keyboard
and run through some scales using words such as ‘”koo”, “mum” and “woof”. The key to a good warm-up
is to make sure you are breathing and not straining. Also include a physical warm-up. Do some general
stretching to loosen up your limbs.
Three: Smoking, Alcohol and Coffee

Smoking, alcohol and coffee all do the same thing to the body, they dehydrate it. In order to function
optimally the vocal cords need a certain amount of lubrication. When the body is dehydrated the vocal
cords can become dry and irritated, making it difficult for them to maintain an easy connection. More
specifically with smoking the heat from the smoke can cause the cords to swell, the cords then become
thicker, making it more difficult to sing higher notes.

Solution: I may not be able to convince the smokers to quit but my general advice to all is to stay
hydrated. Drink water throughout the day. Drinking only during a performance or recording session isn’t
enough; your body needs to be hydrated long before you start singing. If you drink coffee and alcohol try
to match your consumption, drink for drink, with an equal amount of water. If you like to drink tea for your
throat, keep it as natural as possible. I suggest licorice root steeped in water. Drinking liquids at either end
of the extreme is not the best choice for the voice, so try to keep drinks close to room temperature.

Four: Excessive Throat Clearing

Excessive throat clearing can also lead to hoarseness. When you clear your throat your cords come
together forcefully. If done excessively they can swell and fatigue. The need to clear our throat is usually a
result of excess phlegm or mucous sitting on the cords.

Solution: Avoid consuming phlegm-inducing foods such as dairy products (milk, yogurt, cheese, etc.),
chocolate and orange juice. Try to avoid eating right before a performance or practice session. After
eating, extra mucous is produced making it hard for the vocal cords to perform optimally. However, it
takes a lot of energy to sing, so singing with no fuel in your body can be equally detrimental. Eat a regular
meal a few hours before you have to perform and then eat a small snack about 45 minutes before you
go on. If you need to clear your throat, cough and swallow instead followed by a drink of water.

Five: Illness and Fatigue

It goes without saying that if you are sick with a cold or the flu you will not be able to sing at your
optimum. In the case of laryngitis (inflammation of the larynx) your cords are not able to stay connected
due to the excessive swelling caused by a bacterial infection. If you suffer from chronic sore throats or
laryngitis it is safe to say that you will be physically run down because of it. Fatigue will take its toll on the
body and prevent you from being able to deal with the stresses faced throughout a day. Our bodies are
exposed to bacteria and viruses on a daily basis and if we are well rested our body has the ability to fight
them off easily, however, if we are fatigued, under nourished and dehydrated the body’s ability to fight
off these invaders is diminished significantly.

Solution: The key to vocal health is overall health. It is imperative that you take care of yourself. Eat well,
drink water, and definitely get an adequate amount of sleep. Even grabbing a quick nap can make a
big difference in your body’s defense system. If you find yourself battling with a cold or flu remember to
avoid singing with a sore throat if possible. Give yourself adequate time to rest and recover.

It is completely possible to have a vocal career free of hoarseness simply by building great vocal habits.
Take the time to adjust your habits and you will be able to deliver a consistent performance every time
you perform.
Bio Bits…. Sutton Foster
Foster was born in Statesboro, Georgia and raised in Troy, Michigan.
At age fifteen, she was a contestant on the television show Star Search
and also auditioned for the cast of The Mickey Mouse Club. She left
Troy High School before graduating (she received her diploma via
correspondence courses) to join the national tour of The Will Rogers Follies
directed by Tommy Tune. She then attended Carnegie Mellon University for
one year, but left to pursue a theatrical career full-time.

Foster's first Broadway role was Sandy Dumbrowski in Grease in 1996.
She then appeared in The Scarlet Pimpernel and as Star to Be in Annie in
1997. Foster's next Broadway role was Eponine in Les Misèrables in 2000.
Foster's big break was reminiscent of 42nd Street when, during rehearsals of the pre-Broadway run of
Thoroughly Modern Millie at the La Jolla Playhouse in San Diego, she replaced leading lady Erin Dilly. Any
apprehension about having an unknown playing the lead in a nearly $10 million Broadway production was
proven unfounded when she opened at the Marquis Theatre to primarily rave reviews. Foster went on to
win the 2002 Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical and the Drama Desk Award for
Outstanding Actress in a Musical for her performance.
In 2005, Foster starred as Jo March opposite Maureen McGovern as Marmee in the musical adaptation of
the Louisa May Alcott classic Little Women, for which she was nominated for her second Tony Award. She
returned to the Marquis Theatre in May 2006 in The Drowsy Chaperone, a spoof of 1920s musicals. She
played the role of Janet van de Graaff, a famous Broadway starlet who opts to forgo a stage career in
favor of married life. Her performance earned her a third Tony nomination.
In 2007, Foster appeared on television in Johnny and the Sprites, a children's musical puppet show, and in a
three-episode story arc on the HBO series Flight of the Conchords.

Foster starred in Mel Brooks' musical adaptation of his film Young Frankenstein as the German yodeling
fraulein Inga from October 2007 to July 2008. She currently is playing Princess Fiona in Shrek the Musical,
which opened on Broadway on December 14, 2008. For this role Foster won her second Outer Critics Circle
Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical and was nominated for her fourth Tony Award, the Drama
League Award for Distinguished Performance, and the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a
Musical. She will play her final performance on January 3, 2010 when the show closes on Broadway.

Wish, Foster's debut solo album, was released on the Ghostlight Records label in February 2009. The songs
range from jazz to pop to cabaret to Broadway.

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