Employment Separation Hold Harmless Release Form - Excel by ner17598

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									88            Antonius       1     a gentile name
                                   a family name
90            Appius         1    in the gens
                                   Alexandrine;
61            Alexandrinus   2    characteristic of
115           Atratinus      4
103           Asicius        4     Roman family
137           Balbus         2    name,
147           Bestia         1

155           Caecilianus    1
158           Caelius        69
160           Caeserinus     2
164           Camillus       1
166           Camurti        2
180           Catilina       10
181           Catulus        4
204           Claudius       16   Roman clan
302           Coponius       1
310           Crassus        3    Roman
333           Curiatii       1
334           Curius         1
404           Dio            5
436           Domitius       1
518           Fabricius      1
586           Fufius         1
595           Gaius          2    Roman
602           Gnaeus         1    a praenomen
621           Hercules       1    a son of Jupiter
622           Herennius      3

832           Licinius       15
841           Lucceius       6
843           Lucius         6    Roman
876           Marcus         22   Roman
884           Medea          2
897           Metellus       2    Roman family
1148          Pompeius       2    Roman clan
1181          Praestutiani   1    People living
1237          Ptolemaeus     1    Ptolemy
1239          Publius        4    Roman
1253          Puteolanus     1    of the Puteoli
       1254   Q.             1    Quintus
1256          Pyrrhus        1
1281          Quintus        5     Roman
1403          Seniae         2    [Place Name]
       1415   Sex.           1    Sextus
       1528   Titus          2     Roman
       1610 Vettius
a, ab (+abl.)                                     from, away from, out of
abavus, -i M                                      great-great grandfather; a grandfather's grandfather
abduco, abducere, abduxi, abductus                to take away, carry off, remove, lead aside
abeo, abire, abivi(ii), abitus                    to go away, depart, go from, go forth, go
abhorreo, abhorrere, abhorrui                     to shrink back from, have an aversion for, shudder at
abicio, abicere, abieci, abiectus                 to throw from, cast away, throw away, throw down
absolvo, absolvere, absolvi, absolutus            to set free, release, discharge
abstraho, abstrahere, abstraxi, abstractus        to pull away, remove, split, deduct, divert, exclude
absum, abesse, abfui, abfuturus                   be away/absent/distant/missing; be free/removed from; be lacking; be distinct
accedo, accedere, accessi, accessus               to approach, to come up to, approve of, resemble
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus               to take without effort, receive, get, accept
                                              to
accommodo, accommodare, accommodavi, accommodatusfit, adapt, put on, apply
accusatio, accusationis F                     a formal complaint, indictment, accusation, prosecution
accusator, accusatoris M                          the accuser, prosecutor, plaintiff
accuso, accusare, accusavi, accusatus             to call to account, make complaint against, reproach, blame
acer, acris -e                                    sharp, bitter, pointed, piercing, shrill; sagacious, keen; severe, vigorous
acerbus, acerba -um                                harsh, bitter, unripe
acies, aciei F                                    a sharp edge, point, cutting part
acta, actae F                                     sea-shore (as resort); beach; holiday (pl.), life of ease; party at seaside
actum, acti N                                     a deed, transaction, proposition decree, law
aculeus, aculei M                                 a sting
acutus, acuta -um                                 sharp, sharpened, pointed/tapering; severe; glaring; acute, wise
ad (+acc)                                         to, toward, up to, near
addico, addicere, addixi, addictus                to assign to, sell to, ascribe to, condemn, give one's support to
adduco, adducere, adduxi, adductus                to lead to, bring to, bring along
adhuc adv.                                        thus far, hitherto, as yet, still, besides, moreover, in addition
aditus, aditus M                                  a going to, drawing near, approach, access
adiutor, adiutoris M                              helper, assistant, aid, deputy; adiutrix (fem.)
admiror, admirari, admiratus sum                  to regard with wonder, admire
admodum adv.                                      to the proper limit, to full measure
admoneo, admonere, admonui, admonitus             to bring to mind, remind, suggest, put in mind of
adsum, adesse, adfui, adfuturus                   to be at, be present, be at hand
adulescens, adulescentis                          growing, near maturity, young, youthful
adulescentia, adulescentiae F                     youth
adulescentulus, -i M                              a very young man
adulter, adultera, adulterum                      adulterous, unchaste
adulterium, adulteri(i) N                         adultery
adumbro, adumbrare, adumbravi, adumbratus         to sketch in shadow, outline, represent vaguely
adventus, adventus M                              a coming, approach, arrival
advocatus, -i M                                   counselor, advocate, professional pleader; witness, supporter, mediator
aedes, aedis F                                    room, apartment, temple, shrine, house
aedicula, -ae F                                   a small temple, chapel, niche
aeger, aegra, -um                                 unwell, ill, sick, diseased, suffering, feeble
aemulus, aemula, aemulum                          striving earnestly after, emulating, rivalling, vywing for
aequalis, aequale                                       equal, like, even, on a par; contemporary
aequus, aequa, -um                                      even, plain, level, flat
aerarius, aeraria, aerarium                             copper, bronze, of mines, fiscal, two-bit; cheap
aes, aeris N                                            money, pay, fee, fare; copper/bronze/brass, base metal; (w/alienum) debt
aetas, aetatis F                                        the life of man, age, lifetime, years
affero, afferre, attuli, allatus                        bring to (word/food), carry, convey; report, allege, announce
Africa, Africae F                                        originally the district of Carthage; continent of Africa, inhabitants of Africa
ago, agere, egi, actus                                  to put in motion, move, lead, drive, tend, conduct
agrestis, agrestis, -e                                  rustic, country, boorish, wild, savage
aio, -, -                                               to say yes, assent, affirm
alacer, alacris -e                                      lively, brisk, quick, eager, excited, glad, happy
alienus, aliena, -um                                    another's, foreign, contrary, hostile, strange, inconvenient
aliquantus, aliquanta, aliquantum                       some, considerable, moderate
aliquis                                                 some, any
aliquot                                                 some, several, a few, not many, a number
alius, alia, aliud                                      another, other, different
alter, altera, alterum                                  one, another, the one, the other
alveus, alvei M                                         a hollow, cavity, excavation
amator, amatoris M                                      a lover, friend
ambitus, ambitus M                                      circuit, edge, extent; orbit, cycle; canvass, bribery; circumlocution; show
amens, amentis                                          out of one's senses, mad, fantic, distracted
amica, -ae F                                            a female friend
amicita, -ae F                                          friendship
amicus, amica, -um                                      friendly, supportive, favorable, helpful, dear; friend
amitto, amittere, amisi, amissus                        to send away, dismiss, part with
amo, amare, amavi, amatus                               to love
amor, amoris M                                          love, affection, strong friendly feeling
amplus, ampla, -um                                      of large extent, great, ample, spacious, roomy
amputo, amputare, amputavi, amputatus                   to lop off, prune, shorten, curtail
an                                                      or
anima, animae F                                         air, a current of ait, breeze, breath, wind; life, soul
animadverto, animadvertere, animadverti, animadversus to direct the mind, give attention to, attend to, consider, observe, regard
annus, anni M                                         a year
ante                                                    before, previously, first; (+acc) in front, facing, over against
antea                                                   before, earlier, formerly, aforetime, previously
antiquus, antiqui M                                     ancient, former, of old times
appeto, appetere, appetivi, appetitus                   to strive for, reach after, grasp at
aptus, apta, -um                                        fastened, joined, fitted, bound, attached
apud (+acc)                                             at, by, near, among, in the care of, before, in the presence of
aqua, aquae F                                           water
arbitror, arbitrari, arbitratus sum                     to testify on information and belief, depose to one's best
arcesso, arcessere, arcessivi, arcessitus               to cause to come, call, send for, invite, summon, fetch
ardeo, ardere, arsi, arsus                              to be on fire, burn, blaze, be burned
ardor, ardoris M                                        a burning, flame, fire, heat
argumentum, argumenti N                         an argument, evidence, ground, support, proof
arguo, arguere, argui, argutus                  to make known, show, prove, manifest, disclose, declare, betray
argutus, arguta -um                             melodious eloquent; wise, witty, cunning; clear (sounds), ringing
armarium, armari(i) N                           a closet, chest, safe
armo, armare, armavi, armatus                   to furnish with weapons, arm, equip
ars, artis                                      practical skill
asper, aspera, -um                              ude/unrefined; cruel/violent/savage/raging/drastic; stern/severe/bitter; hard
aspernor, aspernari, aspernatus sum             to disdain, reject, despise
aspergo, aspergere, aspersi, aspersus           sprinkle on, splatter, splash, defile, stain, inflict (harm)
aspicio, aspicere, aspexi, aspectus              to look at, look upon, behold, look
adsiduus, adsidua, -um                          constantly present, persistent, incessant, tireless; taxpayer, rich man
assimulo, assimulare, assimulavi, assimulatus   to pretend, resemble, imitate, compare to
at                                              but, but on the other hand, but meanwhile
atavus, atavi M                                 great-great-great-grandfather, ancestor
atque                                           and, as well as, together with
atqui                                           but somehow, but in any wise, but yet, however, and yet, and nevertheless
atrocitas, atrocitatis F                        fierceness, harshness, enormity
attendo, attendere, attendi, attentus           to stretch toward, direct
attineo, attinere, attinui, attentus            to hold fast, detain, delay
attrecto, attrectare, attrectavi, attrectatus   touch; lay hands on; handle (roughly), assault (sexually), violate; deal with
auctor, auctoris                                seller, vendor; originator; proposer, supporter; founder
auctoritas, auctoritatis F                      origination, production
audacia, audaciae F                             daring, courage, valor, bravery, boldness, intrepidity
audax, audacis                                  daring, bold, courageously, spirited
audeo, audere, ausus sum                        to venture, dare, be bold, dare to do, risk
audio, audire, audivi, auditus                  to hear
augeo, augere, auxi, auctus                     to increase, augment, enlarge, spread, extend
aulaeum, aulaei N                               curtain, embroidered stuff, tapestry; a curtain, canopy
auris, auris F                                  the ear
aurum, auri N                                   gold
austerus, austera, -um                          severe, rigid, morose
aut                                             or
autem                                           but, on the other hand, on the contrary, however
avitus, avita, avitum                           of a grandfather, ancestral
avus, avi M                                     a grandfather
Baiae, -arum F                                  a watering-place in Campania
balbus, balba, balbum                           stammering, stuttering
balnea, -arum F                                 baths
balneator, balneatoris M                        a bath-keeper
barbatus, barbata, barbatum                     having a beard, bearded
barbula, barbulae F                             a little beard
beatus, beata, -um                              happy, prosperus, blessed, fortunate
bellum, belli N                                 war
beneficium, benefici(i) N                       a favor, benefit, service, kindness
biennium, bienni(i) N                           a period of two years, two years
blandimentum, blandimenti N                     flattering words, blandishment, complimentary, flattery
bonus, bona, -um                                good
brevis, brevis M                                short
brevitas, brevitatis F                          shortness
cado, cadere, cecidi, casus                     to fall, fall down, descend
caecus, caeca, -um                              not seeing, blind
caedes, caedis F                                murder/slaughter/massacre; assassination; feuding; slain/victims; blood/gore
calceo, calceare, calceavi, calceatus           put shoes on, furnish with shoes; shoe (horses); put feet in something;
calcitro, calcitrare, calcitravi, calcitratus   to kick
calliditas, calliditatis F                       shrewdness, skill, athletes; leather apron worn around loins by wrestlers; pl. = flat, level;
                                                loin-cloth worn by readiness, aptness
campestre, campestris N                         flat lands
candor, candoris M                              a dazzling whiteness, clearness, radiance, brightness, brilliancy, splendor
cantus, canti M                                 a musical utterance, singing, song
capesso, capessere, capessivi, capessitus       to seize eagerly, snatch at, lay hold of
capio, capere, cepi, captus                     to take in hand, take a hold of, lay hold of, take, seize, grasp
caput, capitis N                                the head
careo, carere, carui, caritus                   to be without, miss, be free from, keep away from, be denied, go without
carmen, carminis N                              a song, poem, verse, oracular, prophecy, tune, lay, strain, note, sound
castimonia, castimoniae F                       purity of morals, morality
castrensis, castrensis, castrense               of the camp, in the camp
castus, casta, -um                              morally pure, unpolluted, spotless, guiltless, virtuous
casus, casus M                                  a falling, falling down, fall
caterva, catervae F                             a crowd, troop, throng, band, mob
causa, causae F                                 a cause, reason, case, motive, inducement, occasion, opportunity
cedo, cedere, cessi, cessus                     to grant, cede, yield, go, withdraw, comply with, obey
celebritas, celebritatis F                      a great number, multitude, throng, crowd, large assembly, concourse
celebro, celebrare, celebravi, celebratus       celebrate/perform; frequent; honor/glorify; publicize/advertise
celer, celeris, -e
celeritas, celeritatis F                        swiftness, quickness, speed, celerity
celo, celare, celavi, celatus                   to hide from, keep ignorant of, conceal from
cena, cenae F                                   a dinner, principal meal
ceno, cenare, cenavi, cenatus                   to dine, take a meal, eat dinner
censor, censoris M                              the title of a Roman magistrate, instituted
censorius, censoria, censorium                  of the censor, censorial
census, census M                                a registering of citizens and property by the censors, cencus, appraisement
cerno, cernere, crevi, cretus                   to separate, part, sift
certus, certa, -um                              determined, resolved, fixed, settled, purposed, certain
ceterus, cetera, ceterum                        the other, remainder, rest
charta, chartae F                               a leaf of the Egyptian papyrus, paper`
civis, civis                                    a citizen
civitas, civitatis F                            the condition of a citizen, citizenship, membership in community
clam (+acc)                                     secretly, privately, covertly, in secret
clamor, clamoris M                              a loud call, shout, cry
clarus, clara, -um                                   clear, bright, shining, brilliant
clausula, clausulae F                                a close, conclusion, end
clemens, clementis                                   mild, calm, gentle
coepio, coepere, coepi, coeptus                      to begin, commence
cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus                to consider thoroughly, ponder, weigh, reflect upon, think
cognatus, cognata, cognatum                          related by birth, related, similar, akin
cognitus, cognita, cognitum                          known, acknowledged, approved
cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus              to become acquainted with, acquire knowledge of, perceive, understand, know
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus                         to drive together, collect, crowd, bring together, summon, congregate, convene
cohaereo, cohaerere, cohaesi, cohaesus               to cling together, be united, cohere
cohibeo, cohibere, cohibui, cohibitus                to hold together, hold, contain, confine, embrace, comprise
coitio, coitionis F                                  a coming together, meeting
collega, collegae                                    colleague, associate, fellow member
colloco, collocare, collocavi, collocatus            to set in order, position, arrange, put together, assemble
colo, colere, colui, cultus                          to till, tend, care for, cultivate
comissatio, comissationis F                          a Bacchanalian revel, reverly
comissator, comissatoris M                           a reveller, rioter
comitatus, comitatus M                               accompanied
comiter                                              courteously, affably, kindly
comitium, comiti(i) N                                a place of assembly, place of meeting
comito, comitare, comitavi, comitatus                to accompany, attend, follow
commaculo, commaculare, commaculavi, commaculatusto spot, stain, pollute, defile
commemoro, commemorare, commemoravi, commemoratusto recall to memory, call to mind, be mindful of, keep in mind, remember
commendatio, commendationis F                        a committing, commending, recommending, recommendation
commendo, commendare, commendavi, commendatus to commit for protection, entrust, confide, deposit with
commenticius, commenticia, commenticium       thought out, devised, fabricated, invented, new
commeo, commeare, commeavi, commeatus                to come and go, go back and forth, pass, flow, commute
committo, committere, commisi, commissus             to bring together, connect, combine, undertake, commit, entrust
commodo, commodare, commodavi, commodatus            to serve with, accomodate, grant, supply, lend
commodus, commoda, -um                               with due measure, full, complete, of full weight
commoveo, commovere, commovi, commotus               to put in violent motion, move, shake, stir
                                                to
communico, communicare, communicavi, communicatus divide with, communicate, impart, share
communis, communis, commune                     common, general, universal, public
comperio, comperire, comperi, compertus              to obtain knowledge of, find out, ascertain, learn
complexus, complexus M                               a surrounding, encompassing, encircling, embracing, embrace, clasp, grasp
                                                  to bind together, unite
comprehendo, comprehendere, comprehendi, comprehensus
comprimo, comprimere, compressi, compressus       to press together, bring together, compress, close
comprobo, comprobare, comprobavi, comprobatus        to approve, assent, sanction, acknowledge
concedo, concedere, concessi, concessus              to go away, pass, give way, depart, retire, withdraw, remove
concessus, concessus M                              concession; agreement; permission, leave
concrepo, concrepare, concrepui, concrepitus         to rattle, creak, grate, clash, sound, make noise
condicio, condicionis F                              an agreement, stipulation, condition, compact, proposition, terms, demand
condono, condonare, condonavi, condonatus            to give, present, deliver, surrender, abandon
conduco, conducere, conduxi, conductus               to draw together, assemble, collect, gather, unite
confero, conferre, contuli, collatus                    to bring together, collect, gather, unite, join
confessio, confessionis F                               a confession, acknowledgement
conficio, conficere, confeci, confectus                 to make, prepare, bring about, complete, accomplishment, execute, consummate
confido, confidere, confisus sum                        to trust, confide, rely upon, believe, be assured
confirmo, confirmare, confirmavi, confirmatus           to make firm, make strong, establish, strengthen
confiteor, confiteri, confessus sum                     to acknowledge, confess, own, avow, concede, allow, grant
conflo, conflare, conflavi, conflatus                   to blow up, kindle, light
congredior, congredi, congressus sum                    to come together, meet, have an interview
congressus, congressus M                                a meeting, assembly, conference, conversation, interview
conicio, conicere, conieci, coniectus                   to throw together, unite, collect
coniectura, coniecturae F                               a conjecture, guess, inference, interpretation
coniuntio, coniuntionis F                               combination, union, association, connection, friendship, relationship
coniungo, coniungere, coniunxi, coniunctus              to join together, unite in making, unite
coniunx, coniugis                                       spouse, husband, wife, married couple
coniuratio, coniurationis                               plot, conspiracy, alliance
coniveo, conivere, conixi, -                            to close the eyes, blink, wink at, turn a blind eye on, overlook
conor, conari, conatus sum                               to undertake, endeavor, attempt, try, venture, seek, aim, make an effort, begin
conscelero, conscelerare, consceleravi, consceleratus   to stain with guilt, pollute, dishonor, disgrace
conscientia, conscientiae F                             joint knowledge, consciousness, common, privity, cognition
conscio, conscire, conscivi, -                          to be conscious, feel guilty
conscius, conscia, conscium                             knowing in common, conscious with, privy, participant, accessory, witnessing
consequor, consequi, consecutus sum                     to follow, pursue, go after, catch, reach, attain to, arrive at, imitate, obtain
conservo, conservare, conservavi, conservatus           to retain, keep safe, maintain, preserve, spare
consilium, consili(i) N                                 a council, body of counsellors, deliberative
conspicio, conspicere, conspexi, conspectus             to look at attentively, get sight of, descry, perceive, observe, fix eyes upon
constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutus          to put, place, set, station
constringo, constringere, constrinxi, constrictus       to bind, fetter, shackle, chain
consuetudo, consuetudinis F                             a custom, habit, use, usage, way, practice, familiarity, experience, tradition
consul, consulis M                                      a consul
consularis, consularis, consulare                       of a consul, consular
consulatus, consulatus M                                the office of consul, consulate, consulship
contego, contegere, contexi, contectus                  to cover, roof, bury
contemno, contemnere, contempsi, contemptus             to regard with contempt, look down on, despise, treat with contempt, disregard
contentio, contentionis F                               a stretching, straining, exertion, tension, effort, struggle
continentia, continentiae F                             a restraint, abstemiousness, continence, temperance, moderation
contineo, continere, continui, contentus                to hold together, bound, limit, comprise, enclose, surround, environ
ADV                                                     immediately, forthwith, at once
continuus, continua, continuum                          joining, connecting, uninterrupted, continuous, unbroken
contra (+acc)                                           in opposition, opposite, face to face, in front, on the side
contraho, contrahere, contraxi, contractus              to draw together, collect, assemble
contrarius, contraria, contrarium                       lying over against, opposite, contrary, reversed
contrudo, contrudere, contrusi, contrusus               to thrust, crowd together
contubernalis, contubernalis M                          a tent-companion, messmate
contumelia, contumeliae F                               insult, abuse, affront, reproach, invective, contumely
contumeliosus, contumeliosa, -um                    full of abuse, reproachful, abusive, insulting
convenio, convenire, conveni, conventus             to come together, meet, assemble, gather, come in a body
converto, convertere, converti, conversus           to turn round, cause to turn, turn back, reverse, direct
convicium, convici(i) N                             a loud noise, cry, clamor, outcry
convivium, convivi(i) N                             a meal in company, social feast, entertainment, banquet
coopto, cooptare, cooptavi, cooptatus               to choose, elect, admit by election, appoint to office
copia, copiae F                                     an abundance, ample supply, plenty
copiosus, copiosa, -um                              furnished abundantly, well supplied, rich, copious, plentifully, abounding
cor, cordis N                                       the heart
corpus, corporis N                                  a body
corroboro, corroborare, corroboravi, corroboratus   to strengthen, invigorate, to fortify, encourage, reinforce
corruptela, corruptelae F                           a corrupting, corruption, seduction, bribery
cottidianus, cottidiana, cottidianum                of every day, daily
cottidie                                            daily, every day
crassus, crassa, -um                                solid, thick, fat, gross, stout
crebro (crebrius, creberrime )                      in quick succession, repeatedly, often, frequently, many times
credibilis, credibilis, credibile                   to be believed, worthy of belief, likely credible
credo, credere, credidi, creditus                   to give as a loan, lend, make a loan
crimen, criminis N                                  a judgment, charge, accusation, reproach
crimino, criminare, criminavi, criminatus           to indict, accuse, slander, complain of, denounce
criminor, criminari, criminatus sum                 to accuse of crime, complain of, impeach
crudelis, crudele                                   rude, unfeeling, hard, unmerciful, hard-hearted, cruel, severe, fierce
cubito, cubitare, cubitavi, cubitatus               to lie down often, be accustomed to lie
cuicuimodi                                          of whatever kind, of what sort
culpa, culpae F                                      a fault,+error, blame,together with; CONJ + IND/SUBJ.: at the time of, when, since,
                                                     PREP Abl.: with, guilt, failure, defect
cum                                                 although
cumque                                              whenever, always
cumulo, cumulare, cumulavi, cumulatus               to heap, accumulate, pile
cupiditas, cupiditatis F                            a longing, desire, passion, eagerness
cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitus                      to long for, desire, wish
cur                                                 why, wherefore, for what reason?
cura, curae F                                       trouble, care, attention, pains, industry, diligence, exertion
curia, curiae F                                     a court, curia, association
curo, curare, curavi, curatus                       to care for, take pains with, be solicitous for, look to, attend to, regard
currus, currus M                                    a chariot, car, wain, wagon
cursus, cursus M                                    a running, course, way, march, passage, voyage, journey
custodio, custodire, custodivi, custoditus          to watch, protect, keep, defend, guard
damnatio, damnationis F                             condemnation, conviction
de (+abl)                                           from, away from, down from, out of
debeo, debere, debui, debitus                       to withhold, keep back
debilito, debilitare, debilitavi, debilitatus       to lame, cripple, maim, debilitate, unnerve, disable, weaken
decedo, decedere, decessi, decessus                 to go away, depart, withdraw, retire
decem                                               ten
decerno, decernere, decrevi, decretus               to decide, determine, pronounce a decision, judge, decree, resolve, vote
decet, decere, decit, -                             it is fitting, right, seemly, suitable, proper
decipio, decipere, decepi, deceptus                 to catch, ensnare, entrap, beguile, elude, deceive, cheat
declaro, declarare, declaravi, declaratus           to disclose, make evident, reveal
dedo, dedere, dedidi, deditus                       to give away, give up, surrender, deliver, consign, yield, abandon, render
deduco, deducere, deduxi, deductus                  to lead away, draw out, turn aside, divert, bring, remove, drive off, draw down
defendo, defendere, defendi, defensus               to ward off, repel, avert, keep off
defensio, defensionis F                             a defending, defence
defero, deferre, detuli, delatus                    to bring away, carry off, take down, carry, take, remove
defervesco, defervescere, defervui, -               to cease raging, cool down, be allayed, be assuaged
deficio, deficere, defeci, defectus                 to withdraw, revolt, desert, fall off
definio, definire, definivi, definitus              to bound, set bounds to, limit, terminate, define
defloresco, deflorescere, deflorui, -               to drop blossoms, fade, wither, decay, decline
deformis, deforme                                   misshapen, deformed
deformo, deformare, deformavi, deformatus           to form from a pattern, sketch, delineate, deform, disfigure
deinceps                                            one after another, in orderr, in succession
deinde                                              then, next, thereafter, thence
delabor, delabi, delapsus sum                       to fall, sink, slip down, glide down, descend
delectatio, delectationis F                         a delighting, delight, pleasure, amusement, satisfaction
delecto, delectare, delectavi, delectatus           to allure, attract, delight, charm, please, entertain, interest
deleo, delere, delevi, deletus                      to erase, efface, obliterate, blot out
deliciae, -arum F                                   a delight, pleasure, charm, allurement, luxury, voluptuousness
delitesco, delitescere, delitui, -                  to conceal oneself, lie hidden, lurk
demano, demanare, demanavi, demanatus               to flow down, glide down
demens, dementis                                    out of one's senses, insane, demented, mad, raving, foolish, distracted
demum                                               at length, at last, not till then, just, precisely, only
denego, denegare, denegavi, denegatus               to reject, refuse, deny
denique                                             and thenceforward, and thereafter, at last, at length, finally, lastly, only, not until
depello, depellere, depuli, depulsus                to drive out, drive away, remove, expel, put out, put off, turn aside
depono, deponere, deposivi, depositus               to lay away, put aside, set down, lay, place, set, deposit
deposco, deposcere, deposci, -                      to demand, require, request earnestly, call for
deprecor, deprecari, deprecatus sum                 to avert by prayer, deprecate, plead against, deg to escape, seek to avoid
deprehendo, deprehendere, deprehendi, deprehensus   to take away, seize upon, catch, snatch
derigo, derigere, derexi, derectus                  direct, steer, guide, align, point; set in order, form up; strighten, level
descendo, descendere, descendi, descensus           to climb down, come down, descend, fall, sink
describo, describere, descripsi, descriptus         to copy off, transcribe, write out, write down
desero, deserere, deserui, desertus                 to leave, forsake, abandon, desert, give up
deservio, deservire, deservivi, deservitus          to serve zealously, be devoted, be subject, be of service
desiderium, desideri(i) N                           a longing, ardent desire, wish, want, grief, regret
desidero, desiderare, desideravi, desideratus       to long for, ask, demand, call for, wish for, desire, require, expect
despero, desperare, desperavi, desperatus           to be hopeless, have no hope, despair of, give up
deterreo, deterrere, deterrui, deterritus           to frighten off, deter, discourage, prevent, hinder
detorqueo, detorquere, detorsi, detortus            to bend aside, turn off, turn away, turn, direct
detraho, detrahere, detraxi, detractus              to draw off, take down, pull down, take away, remove, withdraw, drag, bring
deus, dei M                                         a god, deity
devincio, devincire, devinxi, devinctus             to bind fast, tie up, fetter, clamp
dicax, dicacis                                      talking sharply, satirical, sarcastic, acute, witty
dico, dicere, dixi, dictus                          to say, tell, indicate, recite, utter, call, name, assert, describe
dido, didere, didi, ditus                           distribute; spread
dies, diei                                          a day, civil day
digitus, digiti M                                   a finger
dignitas, dignitatis F                              worth, merit, desert, character
diligens, diligentis                                industrious, careful, assiduous, attentive, diligent, accurate, scrupulous, faithful
diligentia, diligentiae F                           attentiveness, earnestness, diligence, industry, assiduity, care, faithfulness
diligo, diligere, dilexi, dilectus                  to single out, value, esteem, prize, love
diluo, diluere, dilui, dilutus                      to wash away, dissolve, dilute, wash, drench
dimico, dimicare, dimicavi, dimicatus               to fight, struggle, contend
dimitto, dimittere, dimisi, dimissus                to send different ways, send out, send forth, send about, scatter, distribute
diruo, diruere, dirui, dirutus                      to tear asunder, overthrow, demolish, destroy
discedo, discedere, discessi, discessus             to go apart, part asunder, divide, separate, disperse, scatter
disceptator, disceptatoris M                        an umpire, arbitrator, judge
discidium, discidi(i) N                             a parting, separation, disagreement, dissension, discord
discindo, discindere, discidi, discissus            to tear asunder, cut apart, cleave, divide, rend, tear
disciplina, disciplinae F                           instruction, tuition, teaching, training, education
disicio, disicere, disieci, disiectus               break up; scatter; drive apart; separate into two halves, halve, divide
disiungo, disiungere, disiunxi, disiunctus          to unyoke, sever, divide, part, remove, separate, alienate
displiceo, displicere, displicui, displicitus       to displease, be unsatisfactory
disputatio, disputationis F                         an argument, discussion, debate, dispute
disputo, disputare, disputavi, disputatus           to weigh, examine, investigate, treat, discuss, explain
dissensio, dissensionis F                           difference of opinion, disagreement, dissension, discord, strife
dissero, disserere, disserui, dissertus             to discuss, examine, arrange
dissimilis, dissimile                               unlike, dissimilar, different
dissimulo, dissimulare, dissimulavi, dissimulatus   to make unlike, disguise
diu                                                 by day, all day
diuturnus, diuturna, diuturnum                      of long duration, lasting, long
diverto, divertere, diverti, diversus               to go different ways, turn off, stop off, stay
dives, divitis                                      rich, wealthy, opulent
divinus, divina, -um                                of a god, of a deity, divine
do, dare, dedi, datus                               to hand over, deliver, give up, render, furnish, pay, surrender
doceo, docere, docui, doctus                        to cause to know, make aware, teach, instruct, inform, show, prove, convince, tell
doctrina, doctrinae F                               teaching, instruction, learning
doleo, dolere, dolui, dolitus                       to feel pain, suffer, be in pain, ache
dolor, doloris M                                    pain, ache, suffering, anguish
domesticus, domestica, domesticum                   of the house
domina, dominae F                                   a mistress, dame, lady, she who rules
dominor, dominari, dominatus sum                    to be lord, be in power, have dominion, bear rule, domineer
dominus, domini M                                   a master, possessor, ruler, lord, proprietor, owner
domus, domus F                                      a house, dwelling-house, building, mansion, palace
donum, doni N                                       a gift, present
dubito, dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatus       to waver in opinion, be uncertain, be in doubt, be perplexed, doubt, question
dubius, dubia, dubium                       moving two ways, fluctuating
duco, ducere, duxi, ductus                  to lead, conduct, guide, direct, draw, bring, fetch, escort
dudum                                       a short time ago, little while ago, not long since, but now
dum                                         up to now, yet, now; while, as long as, until, if only
duo -ae                                     two
durus, dura, -um                            hard
dux, ducis M                                a leader, conductor, guide
effero, efferre, extuli, elatus             to carry out, bring out, utter, express, produce, name, designate, promote
effervo, effervere, -, -                    to boil up or over; swarm forth
effloresco, efflorescere, efflorui, -       to bloom, flourish, abound
effreno, effrenare, effrenavi, effrenatus   to unbridle, let loose, slaken the reigns of a horse
effringo, effringere, effregi, effractus    to break open; smash; break in
effugio, effugere, effugi, effugitus        to flee away, get away, escape
effundo, effundere, effudi, effusus         to pour out, pour forth, shed, spread abroad
egeo, egere, egui, -                        to be needy, be in want, be poor, need, want, lack, have
ego                                         I, me, we, us
egregius, egregia, egregium                 select, extraordinary, distinguished, surpassing, excellent, eminent
eicio, eicere, eieci, eiectus               to cast out, thrust out, drive away, put out, eject, expel
elaboro, elaborare, elaboravi, elaboratus   to labor, endeavor, struggle, make an effort, take pains
eloquentia, eloquentiae F                   eloquence
eluceo, elucere, eluxi, -                   to shine out, shine forth, gleam
emano, emanare, emanavi, emanatus           to flow out
emergo, emergere, emersi, emersus           to bring forth, bring to light, raise up
emitto, emittere, emisi, emissus            to send out, send forth
enim                                        for, for instance, namely, that is to say, I mean, in fact
eques, equitis                              a horseman, rider
equidem                                     verily, truly, indeed, at all events
era, erae F                                 the mistress of a house, mistress, lady
erga (+acc)                                 towards, in respect of, in relation to
ergo                                        in consequence of, on account of, because of, for the sake of
erigo, erigere, erexi, erectus              to raise up, lift, set up, erect, elevate
eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptus            to tear out, snatch away, wrest, pluck, tear, take away
erro, errare, erravi, erratus               to wander, go astray; make a mistake, err; vacillate
error, erroris                              a wandering, straying, strolling
erubesco, erubescere, erubui, -             to grow red, redden
erudio, erudire, erudivi, eruditus          to educate, instruct, teach, polish
eruditus, erudita, eruditum                 instructed, educated, learned, accomplished
erumpo, erumpere, erumpi, erumptus          to cause to break forth, emit, throw out
et                                          also, too, besides, moreover, likewise, as well, even
etenim                                      for, for truly, and indeed, because, since
etiam                                       now too, yet, as yet, even yet, still, even now
etsi                                        though
evado, evadere, evasi, evasus               to go out, come out, go forth
everto, evertere, everti, eversus               to overturn, upturn, turn upside down
evolo, evolare, evolavi, evolatus               to fly out, fly away, fly up
evolvo, evolvere, evolvi, evolutus              to roll out, roll forth, unroll, unfold
ex (+abl)                                       out of, from
excito, excitare, excitavi, excitatus           to call out, summon forth, bring out, wake, rouse
excludo, excludere, exclusi, exclusus           to shut out, exclude, cut off, remove, separate
excusatio, excusationis F                       an excusing, excuse
excutio, excutere, excussi, excussus            to shake out, shake off, cast out, drive out, send forth
exemplum, exempli N                             a samplel, specimen
exeo, exire, exivi(ii), exitus                  to go out, go forth, go away, depart, withdraw, retire
exerceo, exercere, exercui, exercitus           to drive, keep busy, keep at work, oversee, work, agitate
exercitatio, exercitationis F                   exercise, practice, training, discipline, experience
exhibeo, exhibere, exhibui, exhibitus           to hold forth, tender, present, deliver, give up, produce
eximius, eximia, eximium                        taken out, excepted, exempt
existimatio, existimationis F                   a judging, judgement, opinion, supposition, decision, estimate, verdict
existimo, existimare, existimavi, existimatus   to value, estimate, reckon
exitus, exitus M                                a going out, going forth, egress, departure
exordior, exordiri, exorsus sum                 to begin a web, lay the warp, prepare to weave
expedio, expedire, expedivi, expeditus          to extricate, disengage, let loose, set free, liberate
experior, experiri, expertus sum                to try, prove, test, experience, endure
expeto, expetere, expetivi, expetitus           to seek after, strive for, aim at, demand, ask
expleo, explere, explevi, expletus              to fill up, fill full, fill, stuff
explico, explicare, explicavi, explicatus       to unfold, uncoil, unroll, unfurl, unclose, spread out, loosen, undo
expono, exponere, exposui, expositus            to put out, set forth, expose, exhibit
exprimo, exprimere, expressi, expressus         to press out, force out, squeeze forth
expromo, expromere, exprompi, expromptus        to show forth, discover, exert, practise, exhibit, display
expugno, expugnare, expugnavi, expugnatus       to take by assault, storm, capture, reduce, subdue
exsisto, exsistere, exstiti, -                  to come out, come forth, appear, emerge, exist, be, proceed, turn into
exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus   to look out for, await, wait for
exstinguo, exstinguere, exstinxi, exstinctus    to put out, quench, extinguish
exsto, exstare, -, -                            to stand out, protrude, project, stand out, be conspicuous, appear, exist
extremus, -a, -um                               outermost, utmost, extreme, farthest, last
fabella, fabellae F                             a little history, short story, idle tale
fabula, fabulae F                               a narration, narrative
facetus, faceta, facetum                        fine, courteous, polite, gentle
facilis, facile                                 easy to do, easy, without difficulty
facilitas, facilitatis F                        easiness, ease, facility, readiness
facinerosus, facinerosa, facinerosum            wicked, criminal; villainous; vicious
facinus, facinoris N                            a deed, act, action, achievement
facio, facere, feci, factus                     to make, construct, fashion, frame, build, erect, produce, compose
factum, facti N                                 a deed, act, exploit, achievement
faenus, faenoris N                              the profit of capital, interest, usury
fallo, fallere, fefelli, falsus                 to trip, cause to fall
falsus, falsa, falsum                           deceptive, feigned, spurious, deceitful, false, pretended, delusive, unfounded
fama, famae F                               a report, rumor, saying, talk, tradition
familia, familiae F                         the slaves in a household, a household, family servants, domestics
familiaris, familiaris, familiare           of a house, of a household, belonging to a family, domestic, private
familiaritas, familiaritatis F              familiarity, intimacy, familiar, friendship, intimate
fas N                                       the dictates of religion, divine law
fateor, fateri, fassus sum                  to confess, own, grant, acknowledge
fatum, fati N                               an utterance, oracle, precition
femina, feminae F                           a female, woman
ferio, ferire, -, -                         to strike, smite, beat, knock, cut, thrust, hit
fero, ferre, tuli, latus                    to bear, carry, support, lift, hold, take up
ferocitas, ferocitatis F                    wildness, fierceness, courage, spirit, intrepidity
ferrum, ferri N                             iron
ferus, fera, ferum                          wild, untamed, uncultivated
festum, festi N                             a holiday, festival, festal banquet, feast
fictus, -a, -um                             feigned, false; counterfeit
fictum, -i N                                a deception, falsehood, fiction
fidelis, fidele                             trusty, trustworthy, faithful, sincere, true
fides, fidei F                              trust, faith, reliance, honesty, confirmation, proof
filius, fili(i) N                           a son
fingo, fingere, finxi, fictus               to touch, handle
finis, finis                                that which divides, a boundary, limit, border
fio, fieri, factus sum                      to come into being, arise, be made, be done, become, happen, occur
firmo, firmare, firmavi, firmatus           to make firm, strengthen, fortify, sustain
firmus, firma -um                           strong, steadfast, stable, enduring, powerful
flagitium, flagiti(i) N                     a shameful act, passionate deed, outrage, burning shame, disgraceful
flagito, flagitare, flagitavi, flagitatus   to demand urgently, require, entreat, solicit, press, importune
flagrantia, flagrantiae F                   a glow, ardor
flagro, flagrare, flagravi, flagratus       to flame, blaze, burn
flamma, flammae F                           a blazing fire, blaze, flame
flecto, flectere, flexi, flexus             to bend, bow, curve, turn, turn round
fleo, flere, flevi, fletus                  to weep, cry, shed tears, lament, wail
fletus, fletus M                            a weeping, wailing, lamenting
flexus, flexus M                            turning, winding; swerve; bend; turning point
floreo, florere, florui, -                  to bloom, blossom, flower
floresco, florescere, -, -                  to blossom, flower, bloom
foedus, foederis N                          foul, filthy, disgusting, horrible, shocking
fons, fontis M                              a spring, fountain, well, source
foras                                       out through the doors, out of doors, forth, out
forensis, forensis, forense                 of the market, of the forum, public, forensic
forma, formae F                             a form, contour, figure, shape, appearance, looks
fors, fortis F                              chance, hap, luck, hazard, accident
fortasse                                    perhaps, peradventure, probably, possibly
fortis, forte                               strong, powerful, mighty
fortuna, fortunae F                         chance, hap, luck, fate, fortune
forum, fori N                               an open space, public place, court, market-place
frater, fratris M                           a brother
fraternus, fraterna, fraternum              of a brother, brotherly, fraternal
fraus, fraudis F                            a cheating, deceit, imposition, fraud
frequens, frequentis                        often, regular, constant, repeated, assiduous
fretus, freta, fretum                       leaning, supported, relying, depending, trusting, daring, confident
frons, frondis F                            foliage, leaves, leafy branch, green bough, frond
fructus, fructus M                          an enjoying, enjoyment, delight, satisfaction
frustra                                     in deception, in error
frux, frugis F                              crops (pl.), fruits, produce, legumes; honest men
fuga, fugae F                               a fleeing, flight, running away
fugio, fugere, fugi, fugitus                to flee, fly, take flight, run away, make off
fumo, fumare, fumavi, -                     to smoke, steam, reek, fume
fundamentum, fundamenti N                   a foundation, ground-work, basis
funestus, funesta, funestum                 causing death, deadly, fatal, destructive, pernicious, calamitous, mournful, dismal
fungor, fungi, functus sum                  to busy oneself, be engaged, perform, execute, administer, discharge, observe, do
furo, furere, -, -                          to rage, rave, be out of one's mind, be mad, be furious
furor, furoris M                            madness, rage, fury, frenzy; passionate love
                                            Gaius
genus, generis N                            race, descent, lineage, breed; tribe; nation, people; kind, sort, species, class
germanus, germana, germanum                 full, own
gero, gerere, gessi, gestus                 to bear about, bear, carry, wear, have, hold, sustain
gloria, gloriae F                           glory, fame, renown, praise, honor
glorior, gloriari, gloriatus sum            to boast, vaunt, glory, brag, pride oneself
gloriosus, gloriosa, -um                    full of glory, glorious, famous, renowned
Graecia, Graeciae F                         Greece
graecus, graeca, graecum                    of the Greeks, Greek, Grecian
gratia, gratiae F                           favor, esteem, regard, liking, love, friendship, partiality
gratificor, gratificari, gratificatus sum   to do a favor, oblige, gratify, please
gratiosus, gratiosa, gratiosum              full of favor, in favor, popular, acceptable, beloved, agreeable
gravis, grave                               heavy, weighty, ponderous, burdensome, loaded, laden, burdened
gravitas, gravitatis F                      weight, heaviness
gremium, gremi(i) N                         a lap, bosom
gurges, gurgitis M                          a raging abyss, whirlpool, gulf
gusto, gustare, gustavi, gustatus           to taste, take a little of
habeo, habere, habui, habitus               to have, hold, support, carry, wear
habitatio, habitationis F                   a dwelling, habitation
habito, habitare, habitavi, habitatus       to dwell, abide, reside, live
habitus, habitus M                          condition, state; garment/dress/"get-up"; expression, demeanor; character;
haereo, haerere, haesi, haesus               to hang, stick, cleave, cling, adhere, hold fast, be fixed, sit fast, remain close
haud                                        not, not at all, by no means
haurio, haurire, hausi, haustus             to draw up, draw out, draw
herba, herbae F                             an herb, grass, green blades, herbage, turf
hic, haec, hoc                              this; here (adv)
hinc                                            from this place, hence
hodie                                           today
homo, hominis M                                 a human being, man, person
honestus, -a, -um                               regarded with honor, respected, honored, of high birth, distinguished, honorable
honor, honoris M                                honor, esteem, position, office, post; offering, sacrifice
horreo, horrere, horrui, -                      to stand on end, stand erect, bristle, be rough
horridus, horrida, horridum                     standing on end, rough, shaggy, bristly, prickly
hortus, horti M                                 a garden, pleasure-garden
hospes, hospitis M                              an entertainer, host
hospitalis, hospitalis, hospitale               of a guest, of a host, hospitable
hospitium, hospiti(i) N                         a hospitable reception, entertainment
hostis, hostis                                  a stranger, foreigner
huc                                             to this place, hither
humanitas, humanitatis F                        human nature, humanity
humanus, humana, -um                            of man, human
iaceo, iacere, iacui, iacitus                   to lie, lie down, lie dead, rest, lie idle, lie low
iacio, iacere, ieci, iactus                     to throw, cast, fling, hurl; build, establish, set
iactura, iacturae F                             a throwing away, throwing overboard; loss, sacrifice
iam                                             now, already, by that time, next, soon
idcirco                                         on that account, for that reason, therefore
idem, eadem, idem                               the same
ideo                                            for that reason, on that account, therefore
igitur                                          then, therefore, thereupon, accordingly
ignarus, ignara, ignarum                        ignorant, not knowing, unacquainted, unskilled in, inexperienced, unaware
ignoro, ignorare, ignoravi, ignoratus           not to know, to be unacquainted, be ignorant, mistake
ignosco, ignoscere, ignovi, ignotus             to pardon, forgive, excuse, overlook, allow, indulge, make
ignotus, ignota, ignotum                        unknown, strange, unrecognized, unfamiliar
ille, illa, illud                               that, that famous, the former
illecebra, illecebrae F                         attraction, allurement
illustris, illustre                             bright, clear, brilliant, plain, distinct, evident, distinguished, famous, noble
illustro, illustrare, illustravi, illustratus   to light up, illuminate, make clear, explain, make famous, embellish
imago, imaginis F                               an imitation, copy, representation, image, likeness, statue, bust, picture
imbecillus, imbecilla, -um                      weak, feeble
imitor, imitari, imitatus sum                   to imitate, act like, copy after, seek to, counterfeit, mimic
immanitas, immanitatis F                        monstrous size, hugeness, vastness, excess
immensus, immensa, immensum                     immeasurable, boundless, endless, vast, immense
immo                                            no indeed, by no means, on the contrary, nay, in reality
immoderatus, immoderata, immoderatum            boundless, immeasurable
immortalis, immortalis, immortale               undying, immortal
impedio, impedire, impedivi, impeditus          to entangle, ensnare, shackle, hamper, hinder, hold fast
imperatrix, imperatricis F                      she who commands, a mistress
imperium, imperi(i) N                           a command, order, direction, injunction
impetro, impetrare, impetravi, impetratus       to gain one's end, achieve, bring to pass, effect, get, obtain, procure
impetus, impetus M                              an attack, assault, onset
imploro, implorare, imploravi, imploratus       to invoke with tears
improbo, improbare, improbavi, improbatus       to disapprove, blame, condemn, reject
improbus, improba, improbum                     not good, bad, wicked, reprobate, abandoned, vile, base, impious, shameless
imprudens, imprudentis                          without shame, shameless, impudent
impudentia, impudentiae F                       shamelessness, impudence
impudicus, impudica, impudicum                  shameless, impudent, without
impunis, impunis, impune                        unpunished
in                                              (+abl) in, on, at (space); (+acc) into, in the midst of, according to, for
inanis, inanis, inane                           empty, void
inaudio, inaudire, inaudivi, inauditus          to hear whispered, get an inkling of
incedo, incedere, incessi, incessus             to advance, march, proceed, stride, move, stalk, strut
incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus           to set fire to, kindle, burn
incestus, incesta, incestum                     unchaste, unclean, unholy, impure
incido, incidere, incidi, incasus               to happen, occur, fall into, fall upon, attack, befall, agree with
incipio, incipere, incepi, inceptus             to take hold, take in hand, begin
incito, incitare, incitavi, incitatus           to set in rapid motion
includo, includere, inclusi, inclusus           to shut up, shut in, confine, enclose, imprison, keep in
incontinentia, -ae F                            greediness, incontinence
incredibilis, incredibilis, incredibile         not to be believed, incredible, beyond belief, extraordinary
incultus, inculta, -um                          untilled, uncultivated, neglected, uneducated; wilderness
incurro, incurrere, incurri, incursus           to run into, run upon, rush at, make an attack
indignus, indigna, indignum                     unworthy, undeserving, unfit
indoles, indolis                                an inborn quality, natural quality, nature
induco, inducere, induxi, inductus              to lead in, bring in, introduce, conduct, lead up, bring
indulgentia, indulgentiae F                     a yielding, indulgence, forbearance
industria, industriae F                         diligence, activity, assiduity, industry, zeal
industrius, industria, industrium               active, diligent, assiduous, industrious
ineo, inire, inivi(ii), initus                  to go into, enter
ineptia, -ae F                                  silliness, folly, absurdity
infacetus, infaceta, infacetum                  without wit, dull, stupid
infamia, infamiae F                             ill fame, ill report, bad repute, dishonor, disgrace, infamy
infamis, infamis, infame                        of ill repute, disreputable, notorious, infamous
infelix, infelicis                              unfruitful, not fertile, barren
inferus, infera, -um                            below, beneath, underneath, lower
infestus, infesta, -um                          made unsafe, disturbed, molested, infested, unquiet, unsafe
infinitus, infinita, infinitum                  not limited, infinite, endless, boundless, unlimited
infirmus, infirma, -um                          not strong, weak, feeble, infirm
inflammo, inflammare, inflammavi, inflammatus   to set on fire, light up, kindle
ingeniosus, ingeniosa, -um                      full of intellect, superior in mind, able, intellectual, clever, ingenious
ingenium, ingeni(i) N                           innate quality, nature, temperament, constitution
ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum               to advance, go forward, march, proceed
inimica, -ae F                                  (personal) enemy
inimicitia, inimicitiae F                       enmity, hostility
inimicus, inimica, inimicum                     unfriendly, hostile, inimical
iniquus, iniqua, iniquum                            uneven, slanting, steep
initium, initi(i) N                                 a going in, entrance
iniuria, iniuriae F                                 injustice, wrong, insult, severity, injury, damage
iniustus, iniusta, iniustum                         unjust
innocens, innocentis                                harmless, harmless, inoffensive, innoxious
innocentia, innocentiae F                           blamelessness, innocence
innumerabilis, innumerabilis, innumerabile          countless, innumerable, immeasurable, immense
inopia, inopiae F                                   want, lack, scarcity
impendeo, impendere, -, -                           to be near, be at hand, be imminent, threaten, hang over, loom over
inquam                                              to say
inquino, inquinare, inquinavi, inquinatus           to befoul, stain, pollute, defile
insanio, insanire, insanivi, insanitus              to be of unsound mind, be senseless, be without, be mad, rave
insequor, insequi, insecutus sum                    to follow, follow after, come next
insero, inserere, inserui, insertus                 to sow, plant, graft on, implant, involve, associate, blend
insidia, -ae F                                      a snare, trap
insidior, insidiari, insidiatus sum                 to lie in ambush, lie in wait for
insimulo, insimulare, insimulavi, insimulatus       to make suspected, charge, accuse, blame, impeach
insisto, insistere, institi, -                      to set foot, take a stand, stand on, step on, tread on
insolens, insolentis                                unaccustomed, unusual, not used, contrary to
insolentia, insolentiae F                           unusualness, strangeness, novelty
inspecto, inspectare, inspectavi, inspectatus       to look at, observe, view
instituo, instituere, institui, institutus          to put in place, plant, fix, set
institutum, instituti N                             a purpose, intention, design
instruo, instruere, instruxi, instructus            to build in, insert
insula, insulae F                                   an island, isle
insulsus, insulsa, insulsum                         boring, stupid; unsalted, without taste, coarse
insum, inesse, infui, infuturus                     to be in, be upon
integer, integra, -um                               untouched
integritas, integritatis F                          completeness
integumentum, integumenti N                         a covering
intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectus      to come to know, see into, perceive, understand, discern, comprehend, gather
intemperantia, intemperantiae F                     want of moderation, excess, extravagance, intemperance
intendo, intendere, intendi, intentus               to stretch out, reach forth, extend
inter (+acc)                                        between, betwixt
intercedo, intercedere, intercessi, intercessus     to come between, intervene, be between
intercludo, intercludere, interclusi, interclusus   to shut out, shut off, cut off, hinder, stop, block up, intercept
interdictum, interdicti N                           a forbiden thing
interdum                                            sometimes, occasionally, now and then
intereo, interire, interivi(ii), interitus          to go among, be lost
interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectus     kill; destroy
interitus, interitus M                              overthrow, fall, ruin, destruction, annihilation
intermitto, intermittere, intermisi, intermissus    to leave off, intermit, omit, suspend, interrupt, neglect
interpono, interponere, interposui, interpositus    to put between, place among, interpose, insert, intersperse
interrumpo, interrumpere, interrupi, interruptus    to break apart, break off, interrupt, break to, break up
intersum, interesse, interfui, interfuturus         to be between, lie between
intimus, intima, intimum                            inmost, innermost, deepest, profound
intolerabilis, intolerabilis, intolerabile          irresistible
introduco, introducere, introduxi, introductus      to lead in, bring in, introduce, conduct, admit
introitus, introitus M                              a going in, entering, entrace
intueor, intueri, intuitus sum                      to look upon, look closely at, gaze at
inusitatus, inusitata, -um                          unusual, uncommon, extraordinary, very rare
invenio, invenire, inveni, inventus                 to come upon, find, meet with, light upon
inverecundus, inverecunda, inverecundum             without shame, unreserved, shameless, immodest
invictus, invicta, invictum                         unconquered, unsubued, unconquerable, invincible
invidia, invidiae F                                 envy, grudge, jealously, ill-will, prejudice
invidiosus, invidiosa, -um                          full of envy, invidious
inviolatus, inviolata, inviolatum                   unhurt, inviolate
invito, invitare, invitavi, invitatus               to invite, treat, feast, entertain
invitus, invita, invitum                            against the will, unwilling, reluctant, perforce, on compulsion
iocus, ioci M                                       joke, laughing stock, child's play
ipse, ipsa, ipsum                                   self, in person
ira, -ae F                                          anger, wrath, rage, ire, passion, indignation
irascor, irasci, iratus sum                         to be angry, be in a rage
is, ea, id                                          he, she, it, the one
iste, ista, istud                                   this, that, he, she
ita                                                 in this manner, in this wise, in such a say, so, thus, accordingly, as has been said
iter, itineris N                                    a going, walk, way
iterum                                              again, a second time, once more, anew
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus                        order, prescribe, designate, decree
iucunditas, iucunditatis F                          pleasantness, delight, enjoyment; favors
iucundus, iucunda, -um                              pleasant, delightful, agreeable
iudex, iudicis M                                    judge, juror, arbitrator
iucidium, iudici(i) N                               trial, court, sentence, decision, judgement
iudico, iudicare, iudicavi, iudicatus               to judge, examine, sentence, conclude, proclaim
iurgium, iurgi(i) N                                 quarrel, dispute; abuse;
iuro, iurare, iuravi, iuratus                        to swear, swear by, attest, vow, take an oath
ius, iuris N                                        law, the laws, legal system, right, justice, law court, authority, jurisdiction
iustus, iusta, -um                                  just, fair, justified, regular; justice, due measure
iuvenis, iuvenis                                    young; young man, warrior; young lady
iuventus, iuventutis F                              youth, prime of life, manhood; young people, the youth
                                                    Lucius
labefacto, labefactare, labefactavi, labefactatus   to cause to totter, shake, overthrow
labes, labis F                                      a falling, sinking in, subsidence
labo, labare, labavi, labatus                       to totter, be ready to fall, begin to sink, give way, be loosened
labor, laboris M                                    effort, labor, toil, exertion, work; suffering, distress, hardship;
laboriosus, laboriosa, laboriosum                   full of labor, laborious, toilsome, wearisome, difficult, troublesome
laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratus               to labor, take pains, endeavor, exert oneself, strive
labrum, labri N                                     bowl; large basin/vat; tub/bathing place; rim, ledge
lacesso, lacessere, lacessivi, lacessitus   to excite, provoke, challenge, exasperate, irritate
lacrima, lacrimae F                         a tear
laedo, laedere, laesi, laesus               to hurt, wound, injure, damage
laetor, laetari, laetatus sum               to rejoice, feel joy, be joyful, be glad
laqueus, laquei M                           a noose, snare
largitor, largitoris M                      a liberal giver, bestower, granter, dispenser, distributor
latebra, latebrae F                         a hiding-place, lurking-hole, covert, retreat
lateo, latere, latui, -                     to lurk, lie hit, be concealed, escape, skulk
latro, latronis M                           robber, brigand, bandit; plunderer
latus, lata -um                             wide, broad; spacious, extensive
laudatio, laudationis F                     a praising, praise, commendation, eulogy, panegyric, encomium
laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus           to praise, laud, commend, honor, extol, eulogize, approve
laus, laudis F                              praise, commendation, glory, fame, renown, esteem
lectus, lecti M                             bed, couch, lounge, sofa; bridal bed;
legatio, legationis F                       the office of ambassador, embassy, legation
legatum, legati N                           a bequest, legacy
legatus, legati M                           an ambassador, legate
lego, legere, legi, lectus                  read; gather, collect; choose
lenio, lenire, lenivi, lenitus               to soften, mollify, moderate, assuage, soothe, calm
lenis, lenis, lene                          soft, smooth, mild, gentle, easy, calm
lex, legis F                                a formal proposition for a law, motion, bill
liber, libera, -um                          free, unrestricted, unrestrained, unimpeded, unembarrassed, unshackled
liberalis, liberalis, liberale              of freedom, relating to freedom
liberi, liberorum                           free persons
libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatus       to set free, free, liberate, manumit
libertas, libertatis F                      freedom, liberty, absence of restraint, permission
libet, libere, libit, libitus est           it pleases, is pleasing, is agreeable
libidinosus, libidinosa, libidinosum        full of desire, passionate, wilful, licentious, sensual, lustful, voluptuous, libidinous
libido, libidinis F                         pleasure, desire, eagerness, longing, fancy, inclination
licentia, licentiae F                       freedom, liberty, license, leave
licet, licere, licit, licitus est           it is lawful, is allowed, is permitted
limen, liminis N                            a cross-piece, threshold, head-piece, lintel, still
lingua, -ae F                               the tongue
litigo, litigare, litigavi, litigatus       to dispute, quarrel, strive
loco, locare, locavi, locatus               to place, put, lay, set, dispose, arrange
locum, loci N                               a place, spot
longus, longa, -um                          long, extended
loquor, loqui, locutus sum                  to speak, talk, say, tell, mention, utter
lubricus, lubrica, lubricum                 slippery
luceo, lucere, luxi, -                      to be light, be clear, shine, beam, glow, glitter
luctuosus, luctuosa, luctuosum              full of sorrow, causing a sorrow, sorrowful, lamentable, mournful
luctus, luctus M                            sorrow, mourning, grief, affliction, distress, lamentation
ludius, ludi(i) M                           a stage-player, pantomimist
ludo, ludere, lusi, lusus                   to play, play at a game
ludus, ludi M                                play, game, diversion
Lupercus, Luperci M                          protector against wolves, Pan; Festival of Lupercalia (pl.)
lustrum, lustri N                            haunt, den, lair; wilderness; brothel; sensuality; lustrum, period of five years
lux, lucis F                                 light, brightness
luxuries, luxuriei F                         rankness, luxuriance
luxuriosus, luxuriosa, luxuriosum            rank, luxuriant, exuberant
lychnus, lychni M                            a light, lamp
maeror, maeroris M                           a mourning, sadness, grief, sorrow, lamentation
maestitia, maestitiae F                      sadness, sorrow, grief, dejection, melancholy
magis                                        more, to a greater extent, in a higher degree, rather
magister, magistri M                         a master, chief, head, superior, director, president, leader, commander, conductor
magistratus, magistratus M                   the office of master, magisterial, civil office, magistracy
magnificus, magnifica, -um                   great, elevated, noble, distinguished, eminent, august
magnitudo, magnitudinis F                    greatness, size, bulk, magnitude
magnus, magna, -um                           big, large, important, distinguished
maiestas, maiestatis F                       majesty, dignity, sovereign power, authority
maiores, maiorum M                           ancestors, forefathers
maledico, maledicere, maledixi, maledictus   to speak ill of, abuse, revile, slander, asperse
maledicus, maledica, maledicum               abusive, scurrilous, slanderous
maleficium, malefici(i) N                    an evil deed, misdeed, wickedness, offence, crime
maleficus, malefici M                        nefarious, vicious, wicked, criminal
malo, malle, malui, -                        to choose rather, prefer
malum, mali N                                evil, ill, harm, punishment, trouble
malus, mala, -um                             bad, ill, evil, ugly
maneo, manere, mansi, mansus                 to stay, remain, abide, tarry
manifestus, manifesta, -um                   palpable, clear, plain, apparent, evident, manifest
manumissio, manumissionis F                  a setting free, manumission
manus, manus F                               a hand
mater, matris F                              a mother
matrimonium, matrimoni(i) N                  wedlock, marriage, matrimony
matrona, matronae F                          a married woman, wife, matron
maturitas, maturitatis F                     ripeness, maturity
maturus, matura, -um                         ripe, mature
maxime                                       in the highest degree, most particularly, especially, exceedingly, altogether, very
maximus, -a, -um                             large, great, big, high, tall, long, broad, extensive, spacious
medius, media, medium                        in the middle, in the midst, mid, mean, middle
-, -, memini, -                              to remember, recollect, think of, be mindful of, bear in mind
memoria, memoriae F                          memory, remembrance
mendacium, mendaci(i) N                      a lie, untruth, falsehood, fiction
mens, mentis F                               the mind, disposition, feeling, character, heart, soul
mensa, mensae F                              a table
mensis, mensis M                             a month
mentio, mentionis F                          a calling to mind, making mention, mentioning, naming, mention
mereo, merere, merui, meritus                to deserve, merit, be entitled to, be worthy of
meretricius, meretricia, meretricium            of harlots, of prostitutes, meretricious
meretrix, meretricis F                          a prostitute, courtesan
meta, metae F                                   a cone, pyramid
metuo, metuere, metui, -                        to fear, be afraid, stand in fear, be apprehensive
metus, metus M                                  fear, dread, apprehension, anxiety
meus, mea, meum                                 of me, my, mine, belonging to me, my own
migratio, migrationis F                         a removal, change of abode, migration
militaris, militaris, militare                  of a soldier, of war
mille, milis N                                  a thousand, ten-hundred
mimus, mimi M                                   a mimic actor, mime
minime                                          least of all, in the smallest, least, very little
minimus, -a, -um                                least, smallest, very small, minute, trifling, insignificant
minister, ministri M                            subordinate, servant, attendant, helper
ministra, ministrae F                           a female attendant, maid-servant, assistant
ministro, ministrare, ministravi, ministratus   to attend, wait upon, serve
minuo, minuere, minui, minutus                  to make small, lessen, diminish, divide into
miror, mirari, miratus sum                      to wonder, marvel, be astonished, be amazed, admire
miser, misera, -um                              wretched, unfortunate, miserable, pitiable, lamentable, in distress
misericordia, misericordiae F                   tenderheartedness, pity, compassion, sympathy, mercy
mitigo, mitigare, mitigavi, mitigatus           to soften, make tender, ripen, mellow, tame
mitis, mitis, mite                              mild, mellow, mature, ripe
mitto, mittere, misi, missus                    to cause to go, let go, send, send off, despatch
moderatio, moderationis F                       a controlling, guidance, government, regulation
moderatus, moderata, moderatum                  within bounds, observing, moderate
modero, moderare, -, moderatus                  to control, direct, guide, moderate, restrain, mitigate
moderor, moderari, moderatus sum                to set a measure, set bounds, put restraint, moderate, mitigate, restrain, allay
modestus, modesta, modestum                     keeping due measure, moderate, modest, gentle, forbearing, temperate, sober
modicus, modica, modicum                        in proper measure, moderate, modest, temperate
modo                                            only, merely; just now/recently, lately; presently;
modus, modi M                                   a measure, extent, quantity
molestia, molestiae F                           trouble, irksomeness, uneasiness, annoyance, molestation, vexation, distress
molesto, molestare, molestavi, molestatus       to disturb, distress, vex, annoy, worry, trouble
molestus, molesta, -um                          troublesome, irksome, grievous, annoying
molior, moliri, molitus sum                     to make exertion, exert oneself, endeavor, struggle, strive, toil
monstrum, monstri N                             a divine omen, supernatural, wonder, miracle, portent
monumentum, monumenti N                         that which brings to mind, a remembrancer, memorial, monument
morior, mori, mortuus sum                       to die, expire
mors, mortis F                                  death
mos, moris M                                    a will, way, habit, manner, fashion, caprice, humor
moveo, movere, movi, motus                      to move, stir, set in motion, shake, disturb, remove
muliebris, muliebris, muliebre                  of a woman, womanly, feminine
mulier, mulieris F                              a woman, female
mulierarius, mulieraria, mulierarium            of a woman, hired by a woman
multiplex, multiplicis                          with many folds, much-winding
multitudo, multitudinis F                a great number, multitude, crowd, throng
multus, multa, -um                       many a, much, great, abundant, full, numerous, thick
municipium, municipi(i) N                a free town, town of Roman citizens governed by their own laws and magistrates
munio, munire, munivi, munitus           to wall, defend with a wall, fortify, defend, protect, secure, strengthen
muto, mutare, mutavi, mutatus            to change, shift, alter, interchange, modify, transform
nam                                      for, on the other hand; for instance;
nascor, nasci, natus sum                 to be born, begin life, be produced, proceed, be begotten
nato, natare, natavi, natatus            to swim, float
natura, naturae F                        birth
naturalis, naturalis, naturale           natural, by birth, one's own
navigatio, navigationis F                a sailing, navigation, voyage
navigium, navigi(i) N                    a vessel, ship, bark, boat
navo, navare, navavi, navatus            to do zealously, perform, accomplish, effect, prosecute
ne
necessarius, necessaria, -um             unavoidable, inevitable, indispensable, pressing, needful, necessary, compulsory
necesse                                  unavoidable, inevitable, indispensable, necessary
necessitas, necessitatis F               unavoidableness, inevitableness, necessity, compulsion, force, exigency
neco, necare, necavi, necatus            to kill, slay, put to death, destroy
nefarius, nefaria, nefarium              impious, execrable, abominable, nefarious
neglego, neglegere, neglexi, neglectus   to disregard, not heed, not trouble, not attend to, slight, neglect, be indifferent to
nego, negare, negavi, negatus            to say no, deny, refuse
negotium, negoti(i) N                    a business, employment, occupation, affair
nemo, neminis                            no man, no one, nobody
nempe                                    certainly, without doubt, assuredly, of course, as everybody knows
nequam                                   worthless, good for nothing
nequaquam                                in no wise, by no means, not at all
neque                                    not, nor, and not
nequiquam                                pointlessly, for nothing, to no purpose
nervus, nervi M                          a sinew, tendon, muscle
nescio, nescire, nescivi, -              not to know, to be ignorant
nescius, nescia, nescium                 unknowing, ignorant, unaware
nihil                                    nothing, no, not a bit
nimirum                                  without doubt, doubtless, indisputably, certainly, surely, truly
nimis                                    beyond measure, too much, overmuch, excessively
nimium                                   too much, too
nisi                                     if not, unless
nitor, niti, nixus sum                   press/lean upon; struggle; advance; depend on (with abl.); strive, labor
nitor, nitoris M                         brightness, splendor; brilliance; gloss, sheen; elegance, style
nobilis, nobile                          that is known, well-known, famous, noted, celebrated, renowned
noceo, nocere, nocui, nocitus            to do harm, inflict injury, hurt
nocturnus, nocturna, nocturnum           of night, by night, nocturnal
nolo, nolle, nolui, -                    to wish . . . not, will . . . not, not to wish, to be unwilling
nomen, nominis N                         a means of knowing, name, appellation
nomino, nominare, nominavi, nominatus    to call by name, name, give a name
non                                                 not, by no means, not at all
nondum                                              not yet
nonne                                               is it not? whether not
nos                                                 we, us
nosco, noscere, novi, notus                         to get knowledge of, become acquainted with, come to know, learn, discern
noster, nostra, nostrum                             our, our own, ours, of us
notitia, notitiae F                                 a being known, celebrity, note, fame
noto, notare, notavi, notatus                       to mark, designate with
notus, nota, -um                                    known
novus, nova, -um                                    new, not old, young, fresh, recent
nox, noctis F                                       night
nubo, nubere, nupsi, nuptus                         to veil oneself, be married, marry, wed
nullus, nulla, nullum                               not any, none, no
num                                                 now
numquam                                             at no time, never
nunc                                                now, at present, at this time
nupta, nuptae F                                     a bride, wife
o                                                   O! oh!
ob (+acc)                                           towards, to
obeo, obire, obivi(ii), obitus                      to go, go to meet, go in opposition
obicio, obicere, obieci, obiectus                   to throw before, throw to, cast, offer, present, expose
obiurgatio, obiurgationis F                         scolding, rebuke
obiurgo, obiurgare, obiurgavi, obiurgatus           to scold, rebuke, reprimand, correct, deter
oblecto, oblectare, oblectavi, oblectatus           to delight, divert, entertain, amuse, interest
obligo, obligare, obligavi, obligatus               to bind up, bandage, swathe
obliviscor, oblivisci, oblitus sum                  to forget
obscenus, obscena, -um                              of adverse omen, ill-omened, ill-boding, inauspicious, ominous, portentous
obsequium, obsequi(i) N                             compliance, yieldingness, complaisance, indulgence
obsideo, obsidere, obsedi, obsessus                 blockade, besiege, invest, beset; take possession of;
obsido, obsidere, -, -                              to beset, invest, besiege, blockade
obsolesco, obsolescere, obsolevi, obsoletus         to wear out, grow old, decay, fall into disuse, lose value, become obsolete
obstringo, obstringere, obstrinxi, obstrictus       to shut in, confine
obsum, obesse, offui, offuturus                     to be against, be prejudicial to, hinder, hurt, injure
obtego, obtegere, obtexi, obtectus                  to cover over, cover up, protect
obtempero, obtemperare, obtemperavi, obtemperatus   to comply, attend, conform, submit, obey
obtero, obterere, obtrivi, obtritus                 to trample on, trample down, crush, destroy, crush
obtestor, obtestari, obtestatus sum                 to call as a witness, protest make appeal
obtineo, obtinere, obtinui, obtentus                to hold fast, have occupy, possess, preserve, keep, maintain


occulto, occultare, occultavi, occultatus           to hide, conceal, secrete
occupo, occupare, occupavi, occupatus               to take into possession, seize, occupy, master, win
oculus, oculi M                                     an eye
odium, odi(i) N                                     hatred, grudge, ill-will, animosity, enmity, aversion
odor, odoris M                                      odor, smell, scent, stench, fragrance; inkling, hint
odorus, odora, odorum                       emitting odor, scented, fragrant
offendo, offendere, offendi, offensus       to hit
offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatus            offer; present; cause; bestow
officium, offici(i) N                        a service, kindness, favor, courtesy
olim                                        at that time, some time ago, once upon a time, once, formerly, of old
omitto, omittere, omisi, omissus            to let go, let loose, let fall
omnino                                      altogether, wholly, entirely, utterly, at all
omnis, omnis, omne                          all, every
opera, operae F                             service, pains, exertion, effort, work, labor
opinio, opinionis F                         opinion, supposition, conjecture, fancy, belief, expectation
opinor, opinari, opinatus sum               to be of opinion, suppose, imagine, conjecture, deem, believe, think, judge
oportet, oportere, oportit, -               it is necessary, is proper, is becoming, behooves
opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressus     to press against, press together, press down, close
oppugnatio, oppugnationis F                 a storming, besieging, attack, assault, siege
oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus   to fight against, attack, assail, assault, storm, besiege, war with
ops, opis F                                 aid, help, support, assistance, succor
optimus, -a, -um                            very good, best, excellent, most beneficial
opto, optare, optavi, optatus               to choose, select, prefer
opus, operis N                              work, labor, toil
oratio, orationis F                         a speaking, speech, discourse, language, faculty of speech, use of language
orator, oratoris M                          a speaker, orator
ordo, ordinis M                             a row, line, series, order, rank
orior, ori, ortus sum                       to arise, rise, stir, get up
ornamentum, ornamenti N                     apparatus, accoutrement, equipment, furniture, trappings
ornatus, ornata, -um                        equipment, apparel, outfit, furniture, decoration, ornament
orno, ornare, ornavi, ornatus               to fit out, furnish, provide, supply, equip, get ready, prepare
oro, orare, oravi, oratus                   to speak
os, oris N                                  mouth, speech, expression; face
osculatio, osculationis F                   a kissing
ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentus       to stretch out, spread before, expose to, show, point out, exhibit, display
ostento, ostentare, ostentavi, ostentatus   to present to view, show, exhibit
otiosus, otiosa, -um                        at leisure, unoccupied, disengaged, unemployed, idle
otium, oti(i) N                             leisure, vacant time, freedom from business
paciscor, pacisci, pactus sum               to agree together, bargain, contract, agree, covenant, stipulate, transact
pactum, pacti N                             an agreement, covenant, contract, stipulation, compact, pact
paene                                       nearly, almost, as I may say
paeniteo, paenitere, paenitui, -            to make sorry, cause to repent
palam                                       openly, publicly, plainly
Palatinus, Palatina, Palatinum              of the Palatium
palla, pallae F                             a long robe, mantle
parco, parcere, peperci, parsus             to act sparingly, be sparing, spare, refrain from, use moderately
parcus, parca, parcum                       sparing, frugal, thrifty, economical, niggardly, stingy, penurious, parsimonious
parens, parentis M/F                        parent, father, mother;
paries, parietis M                          a wall
paro, parare, paravi, paratus                           to prepare, make ready, provide, get procure, acquire; make preparations
pars, partis F                                          a part, piece, portion, share, division, section
parsimonia, parsimoniae F                               frugality, thrift, parsimony
parvus, parva, -um                                      little, small, petty, puny
pastoricius, pastoricia, pastoricium                    of a shepherd, pastoral
patefacio, patefacere, patefeci, patefactus             to lay open, open, throw open
pateo, patere, patui, -                                 to stand open, lie open, be open
pater, patris M                                         a father, sire
paternus, paterna, paternum                             of a father, fatherly, paternal
patientia, patientiae F                                 the quality of suffering, patience, endurance, submission
patior, pati, passus sum                                to bear, support, undergo, suffer, endure
patria, patriae F                                       a fatherland, native land, own country, native place
patrimonium, patrimoni(i) N                             an inheritance from a father, paternal estate, inheritance, patrimony
patrius, patria, patrium                                father's, of a father, fatherly, ancestral, native
patronus, patroni M                                     a protector, defender, patron
patruus, patrui M                                       of a (paternal) uncle, father's brother, paternal uncl
paucus, pauca, -um                                      few, little
paululum                                                a little, a very little, somewhat
paulum                                                  a little, somewhat
pax, pacis F                                            a compact, agreement, treaty, peace, treaty of peace
pecco, peccare, peccavi, peccatus                       to miss, mistake, do amiss, transgress, commit a fault, offend, sin
pecunia, pecuniae F                                     property, riches, wealth
pedes, peditis                                          a foot-traveller, walker
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus                          to beat, strike, knock, push, drive, hurl, impel, propel
per (+acc)                                              through, across, through the midst of, from side to side of, transversing
peragro, peragrare, peragravi, peragratus               to wander through, travel, pass through, traverse
perattentus, perattenta, perattentum                    very attentive
percelebro, percelebrare, percelebravi, percelebratus   to pronounce frequently, have often in one's mouth
per-celer
percipio, percipere, percepi, perceptus                 to take wholly, seize entirely, take possession of, seize, occupy
pereo, perire, perivi(ii), peritus                      to pass away, come to nothing, vanish, disappear, be lost
perfacilis, perfacilis, perfacile                       very easy
perficio, perficere, perfeci, perfectus                 to achieve, execute, carry out, accomplish, perform, despatch, bring about, finish
perflagitiosus, perflagitiosa, perflagitiosum           very shameful
perfugium, perfugi(i) N                                 a resort for safety, shelter, asylum, refuge
pergravis, pergravis, pergrave                          very weighty, highly important
perhorresco, perhorrescere, perhorrui, -                to bristle up, roughen
periculosus, periculosa, -um                            dangerous, hazardous, perilous
periculum, periculi N                                   a trial, experiment, attempt, test, proof, essay
periucundus, -a, -um                                    very pleasant
permitto, permittere, permisi, permissus                to let pass, let go, let loose
permultus, permulta, permultum                          very much, very many
permutatio, permutationis F                             a change, alteration, revolution, crisis
pernego, pernegare, pernegavi, pernegatus               to deny stoutly
peroro, perorare, peroravi, peroratus           to speak from beginning to end, plead throughout, harangue at
perpetuus, perpetua, perpetuum                  continuous, unbroken, uninterrupted, constant, entire, whole, perpetual
perquiro, perquirere, perquisivi, perquisitus   to ask diligently after, make eager
persequor, persequi, persecutus sum             to follow persistently, follow up, be on the heels of, chase after, imitate, copy
persolvo, persolvere, persolvi, persolutus      to unravel, solve, explain
persona, personae F                             a mask, false face
persono, personare, personui, personitus        to sound through and through, resound, fill with sound, re-echo
perspicio, perspicere, perspexi, perspectus     to look through, look into, look at, see through
perspicuus, perspicua, perspicuum               transparent, clear
perterreo, perterrere, perterrui, perterritus   to frighten thoroughly, terrify
pertimesco, pertimescere, pertimui, -           to be frightened, be alarmed, fear greatly
pertinacia, pertinaciae F                       perseverance, persistence, stubbornness, obstinancy, pertinacity
pertineo, pertinere, pertinui, pertentus        to stretch out, reach, extend
pertristis, pertristis, pertriste               very sad
perturpis, perturpis, perturpe                  very shameful
perverto, pervertere, perverti, perversus       to overturn, overthrow, throw down
pervulgo, pervulgare, pervulgavi, pervulgatus   to make know, make public, publicize, frequent
pes, pedis M                                    a foot
peto, petere, petivi, petitus                   to strive for, seek, aim at, repair to, make for, travel to
petulans, petulantis                            forward, pert, saucy, impudent, wanton, petulant
petulantia, petulantiae F                       sauciness, freakishness, impudence, wantonness, petulance
pietas, pietatis F                              dutiful conduct, sense of duty, religiousness, devotion, piety
pignus, pignoris N                              a pledge, gage, pawn, security, gaurantee
pius, pia, -um                                  dutiful, pious, devout, conscientious, religious
placeo, placere, placui, placitus               to pleasem, give pleasure, be pleasing, be agreeable, be acceptable, suit, satisfy
plane                                           clearly, plainly, distinctly; completely;
plebeius, plebeia, plebeium                     of the common people, of a populace, plebeian
plenus, plena, plenum                           full, filled
plerus, plera, plerum                           the majority, most, very great part
plurimus, -a, -um                               most, very much, very many
poena, poenae F                                 indemnification, compensation, recompense, retribution, satisfaction, expiation
poetria, poetriae F                             a poet, female poet
polliceor, polliceri, pollicitus sum            to hold forth, offer, promise
pono, ponere, posui, positus                    to put down, set down, put, place, set, fix, lay, deposit
pontificius, pontificia, pontificium            of a high-priest, pontifical
popularis, popularis, populare                  of the people, proceeding from the people, popular, general, common
populor, populari, populatus sum                to lay waste, ravage, devastate, spoil, plunder, pillage
populus, populi M                               the people, nation, public, crowd
porrigo, porrigere, porrexi, porrectus          to stretch out, reach out, extend
possessio, possessionis F                       a taking possession of, seizing, occupying, taking
possum, posse, potui, -                         to be able, have power, can
post (+acc)                                     behind, backwards; later, afterwards; next
postea                                          after this, after that, hereafter, thereafter, afterwards, later
posterus, postera, -um                          following, ensuing, next, subsequent, future
postremo                                                  at last, finally, last of all
postulo, postulare, postulavi, postulatus                 to ask, demand, claim, require, request, desire
potens, potentis                                          able, mighty, strong, powerful, potent
potentia, potentiae F                                     might, force, power
potestas, potestatis F                                    ability, power, capacity, force
potis                                                     able, capable
potissimus, -a, -um                                       chief, principle, most important
praeceps, praecipitis                                     headfirst, downhill, precipitous, sinking, swift, violent, hasty
praeceptum, praecepti N                                   a maxim, rule, precept, order, direction, command, injunction
praecipio, praecipere, praecepi, praeceptus               to take beforehand, get in advance
praeclarus, praeclara, praeclarum                         very bright, brilliant
praedico, praedicere, praedixi, praedictus                to announce, report, assert, praise, predict, command beforehand
praeditus, praedita, praeditum                            gifted, provided, possessed, furnished
praegestio, praegestire, praegestivi, praegestitus        to desire greatly, delight
praemium, praemi(i) N                                     an advantage, prerogative, favor, license, privilege
praemunio, praemunire, praemunivi, praemunitus            to fortify in front
praescriptio, praescriptionis F                           a prefix in writing, title, inscription, preface, introduction
praesens, praesentis                                      at hand, in sight, present, in person
praesertim                                                especially, chiefly, principally, particularly
praesidium, praesidi(i) N                                 defence, protection, guardianship, help, aid, assistance
praesto, praestare, praestiti, praestitus                excel, exhibit; keep; perform, discharge, fulfill
praeter (+acc)                                            besides, other than; past, by, along, before
praetermitto, praetermittere, praetermisi, praetermissus to permit to go by, let pass, let go
praetervehor, praetervehi, praetervectus sum             to be borne past, drive by
praetor, praetoris M                                      a leader, head, chief, president, chief magistrate, chier executive, commander
praetorqueo, praetorquere, praetorqeusi, praetorquetus to twist beforehand, strangle first
praetura, praeturae F                                  the office of a praetor, praetorship
praevaricatio, praevaricationis F                         insincerity in pleading, duplicity, collusion
precarius, precaria, precarium                            obtained by entreaty, granted to
primoris, primoris, primore                               the first, first, foremost
primus, prima, primum                                     the first, first
principium, principi(i) N                                 a beginning, commencement, origin
prior, prioris                                            former, previous, prior, first
priscus, prisca, priscum                                  of former times, of old, olden, ancient, primitive, antique
pristinus, pristina, pristinum                            former, early, original, primitive, pristine
pro (+abl)                                                before, in front of; in favor of, on the side of, for; the same as
proavus, proavi M                                         a great-grandfather
probo, probare, probavi, probatus                         to make good, esteem good, approve, esteem, commend
probrum, probri N                                         a shameful act, base deed
probrus, -a, -um                                          good, honest, upright, virtuous, decent
procax, procacis                                          pertinacious, bold, insolent, forward, pert, wanton
procedo, procedere, processi, processus                   to go before, go forward, advance, proceed, march on, move, go forth
procella, procellae F                                     a violent wind, storm, hurricane, tempest
proceritas, proceritatis F                                a high growth, height, tallness
prodeo, prodire, prodivi(ii), proditus          to go forth, come forth, come forward
produco, producere, produxi, productus          to lead forth, lead forward, bring out
profecto                                        actually, indeed, really, truly, assuredly, certainly
profero, proferre, protuli, prolatus            to carry out, bring forth, produce
profluo, profluere, profluxi, profluctus        to flow forth, flow along
profundo, profundere, profudi, profusus         to pour out, pour forth, shed, cause to flow
progenies, progeniei F                          descent, lindeage, race, family
progredior, progredi, progressus sum            to come forth, go forth, go forward, go on, advance
proicio, proicere, proieci, proiectus           throw down, throw out; abandon; throw away;
prolabor, prolabi, prolapsus sum                to glide forward, slide along, slip
prolapsio, prolapsionis F                       a slipping, falling
promitto, promittere, promisi, promissus        to let go, put forth, let hang down, let grow
promo, promere, promsi, promptus                to take out, give out, bring forth, produce
prope (+acc)                                    near, nigh
propinqua, -ae F                                relative
propinquus, propinqua, propinquum               near, nigh, neighboring
propitius, propitia, propitium                  favorable, well-disposed, gracious, kind, propitious
propono, proponere, proposui, propositus        to put forth, set forth, lay out, place before, expose to, display
proprius, propria, proprium                     not common with others, own special, several, individual, peculiar, particular, proper
propter (+acc)                                  near, near at hand; close, next to; on account of, because of
propterea                                       therefore, for that cause, on that account
propulso, propulsare, propulsavi, propulsatus   to drive back, ward off, repel, repulse
prosilio, prosilire, prosilui, -                to leap forward, spring forth, spring up
prospicio, prospicere, prospexi, prospectus     to look forward, look into the distance, have a view, look out, look, see
prosum, prodesse, profui, profuturus            to be useful, do good, be profitable
protervitas, protervitatis F                    wantonness, pertness, sauciness, impudence
protervus, proterva, protervum                  pressing forward, violent, vehement
provideo, providere, providi, provisus          to see in advance, discern, descry
provincia, provinciae F                         an office, duty, pursuit, charge, business, province
provincialis, provincialis, provinciale         of a province, provincial
prudens, prudentis                              foreseeing, foreknowing
prudentia, prudentiae F                         a foreseeing
publicus, publica, publicum                     of the people, of the state, done for the state, public, common
pudeo, pudere, pudui, puditus                   to be ashamed, feel shame
pudicitia, pudicitiae F                         shamefastness, modesty, chastity, virtue
pudor, pudoris M                                a shrinking from blame, desire of approval, shame, modesty, decency, propriety
puer, pueri M                                   a male child, boy, lad, young man
puerilis, puerilis, puerile                     boyish, childish, youthful
pueritia, pueritiae F                           boyhood, childhood, youth
pugnantia, puganantium N                        contradictions, inconsistencies, things
pugno, pugnare, pugnavi, pugnatus               to fight, combat, give battle, engage, contend
pulchritudo, pulchritudinis F                   beauty
pulsatio, pulsationis F                         a beating, striking
pulso, pulsare, pulsavi, pulsatus               to push against, strike upon, beat, hammer, keep hitting, batter
purpura, purpurae F                          purple color, purple
pusio, pusionis M                            a little boy
puto, putare, putavi, putatus                to clean, trim, prunce, think, consider, judge, ponder
putus, puta, putum                           pure, bright, splendid
pyxis, pyxidis F                             a small box, casket
                                             Quintus
qua                                          on which side, at which place, in what, where, by what
quadrantarius, quadrantaria, quadrantarium   of a quarter, of a fourth part
quadro, quadrare, quadravi, quadratus        to make square, put in order, arrange, complete
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus        to seek, look for
quaestio, quaestionis F                      a questioning, examination, inquiry, investigation
qualis, qualis, quale                        how constituted, of what sort, of what nature, what kind of a
quam                                         in what manner, to what degree, how greatly, how, how much
quamdiu                                      how long; as long as
quamquam                                     though, although, albeit
quando                                       at what time? when?
quantum                                      as much as, so much as, to as great an extent
quantus, quanta, quantum                     how great, how much, of what size, of what importance
quasi                                        as if, just as if, as though
queo, quire, quivi(ii), quitus               to be able, can
querela, querelae F                          complaint, greivance, protest, difference of opinion
queror, queri, questus sum                   to express grief, complain, lament, bewail
qui                                          how, why, at what price, whereby, in some way, somehow
quicumque                                    whoever, whatever, whosoever, whatsoever, everyone who, all that
quidam, quaedam, quoddam                     a certain, a kind of, as one might say
quidem                                       assuredly, certainly, in fact, indeed
quies, quietis F                             a lying still, repose, inaction, freedom
quin                                         why not? wherefore not?
quis                                         who, which one; anyone
quisnam                                      who, just who
quisquam                                     anyone
quisque                                      whoever, whatever, each, each one, every, everybody, every one, everything
quisquis                                     whoever, whosoever, everyone who, everyone, each
quoad                                        as far as
quonam                                       whither pray?
quondam                                      at some time, at one time, once, heretofore, formerly, on a time
quoniam                                      since now, since then, since, seeing that, as, because, whereas
quoque                                       also, too
quoquo                                       to whatever place, whithersoever
quotus, quota, quotum                        which in number, which in order, of what
radix, radicis F                             a root
rapacitas, rapacitatis F                     greed, rapacity
ratio, rationis F                            a reckoning, numbering, casting up, account, calculation, computation
recedo, recedere, recessi, recessus          to go back, fall back, give ground, retire, withdraw, recede
recingo, recingere, -, recinctus                    to ungird, loosen, undo
recipio, recipere, recepi, receptus                 to take back, bring back, carry back, retake, get back, regain, recover
recito, recitare, recitavi, recitatus               to read out, read aloud, recite, declaim, rehearse
recordatio, recordationis F                         a recalling to mind, recollection, remembrance
recordor, recordari, recordatus sum                 to think over, bethink oneself, be mindful of, call to mind, remember, recollect
rectus, recta, -um                                  in a straight line, straight, upright, direct, undeviating
recuso, recusare, recusavi, recusatus               to make an objection against, decline, reject, refuse, be reluctant to do
reddo, reddere, reddidi, redditus                   to give back, return, restore
redeo, redire, redivi(ii), reditus                  to go back, turn back, return, turn around
redimo, redimere, redemi, redemptus                 to buy back, repurchase, redeem
redoleo, redolere, redolui, -                       to emit scent, diffuse odor, smell of, be redolent
redundo, redundare, redundavi, redundatus           to run over, pour over, stream over, overflow
refello, refellere, refelli, -                      to show to be false, disprove, rebut, confute, refute, repel, expose
refero, referre, rettuli, relatus                   to bear back, bring back, drive back, carry back
reformido, reformidare, reformidavi, reformidatus   to fear greatly, dread, stand in awe, shrink, shudder, be afraid
refreno, refrenare, refrenavi, refrenatus           to bridle, check, curb
refugio, refugere, refugi, -                        to flee back, flee for safety, run from, flee, escape, take refuge, avoid, shun
refuto, refutare, refutavi, refutatus               to check, drive back, repress
regero, regerere, regessi, regestus                  to carry back, bring back, throw back, mortal remains (pl.); future, things yet to be,
                                                    remainder, residue, rest; balance owed; throw again
rego, regere, rexi, rectus                           to keep straight,
                                                    subquent events lead aright, guide, conduct, direct, control
relicuum, relicui N
religio, religionis F                               conscientiousness, sense of right, moral obligation, duty
religiosus, religiosa, religiosum                   conscientious, scrupulous, strict, precise, accurate
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus             to leave behind, not take along, not stay with, leave, move away from
reliquiae, -arum F                                  what is left, a remainder, leavings, remains, relics, remnant, rest
reliquum, reliqui N                                 remainder, rest, residue,
reliquus, reliqua, reliquum                         left, left over, remaining
remissio, remissionis F                             a sending back, sending away, releasing, returning
remitto, remittere, remisi, remissus                to let go back, send back, despatch, drive back, cause to return
removeo, removere, removi, remotus                  to move back, take away, set aside, put off, drive away, withdraw, remove
renovo, renovare, renovavi, renovatus               to renew, restore
renuo, renuere, renui, renutus                      refuse; disapprove; decline; give a refusal; throw back head/eye/brows as sign
reor, reri, ratus sum                               to reckon, calculate, belive, think, suppose, imagine, judge, deem
repello, repellere, reppuli, repulsus               to drive back, thrust back, drive away, reject, repulse, repel
repens, repentis                                    sudden, unexpected, completely new
repentinus, repentina, repentinum                   sudden, hasty, unlooked for, unexpected, impetuous
reperio, reperire, repperi, repertus                to find again, find, meet with, find out, discover
repeto, repetere, repetivi, repetitus               to fall upon again, attack anew, strike again
reprehendo, reprehendere, reprehendi, reprehensus   to hold back, hold fast, take hold of, seize, catch
reprimo, reprimere, repressi, repressus             to press back, keep back, check, curb, restrain, hem in
repugno, repugnare, repugnavi, repugnatus           to fight back, oppose, make, resist, struggle, defend oneself
requiesco, requiescere, requievi, requietus         to rest, take rest, repose
requiro, requirere, requisivi, requisitus           to seek again, look after, search for
res, rei F                                          a thing, object, matter, business, event, fact, circumstance, occurance, deed
resarcio, resarcire, resarsi, resarsus       to patch up, mend, repair, restore
reservo, reservare, reservavi, reservatus    to keep back, save up, reserve
resisto, resistere, restiti, -               to stand back, remain standing, stand still, halt, stop, stay, stay behind, continue
respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsus   to answer, reply, respond, make answer
respuo, respuere, respui, -                  to spit back, discharge by spitting, cast out, cast off, eject, expel
restituo, restituere, restitui, restitutus   to set up again, replace, restore, reconstruct, rebuild, revive, renew, rearrange
resto, restare, restiti, restatus            to withstand, resist, oppose, stand firm, hold out, not yield
retineo, retinere, retinui, retentus         to hold back, keep back, keep, detain, retain, restrain
retraho, retrahere, retraxi, retractus       to draw back, withdraw, call back
reus, rei M                                  defendant; culprit/guilty party; concerned in a thing, party to an action
revoco, revocare, revocavi, revocatus        to call again, call back, recall
revorto, revortere, revorti, -               to turn back, turn around, come back, return
rex, regis M                                 an arbitrary ruler, absolute monarch, king
rivolus, rivoli M                            brook, stream
robur, roboris N                             hard-wood, oak-wood, oak
robustus, robusta -um                        of oak-wood, oaken, oak
rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatus                to ask, question, interrogate
Romanus, -a, -um                             of Rome, Roman
rostrum, rostri N                            a beak, bill, snout, muzzle, mouth
rursus                                       turned back, back, backwards
sacer, sacra, sacrum                         dedicated, consecrated, devoted, sacred
saeculum, saeculi N                          a race, generation, age, the people of any time
saepe                                        often, oft, oftentimes, many times, frequently
saevus, saeva, saevum                        raging, mad, furious, fell, fierce, savage, ferocious
salus, salutis F                             soundness, health, good health, vigor
saluto, salutare, salutavi, salutatus        to greet, wish health, pay respects, salute, hail
sanctitas, sanctitatis F                     inviolability, sacredness, sanctity
sapiens, sapientis                           wise, knowing, sensible, well-advised, discreet, judicious
sapientia, sapientiae F                      good sense, discernment, discretion, prudence, intelligence, forethought
sapor, saporis                               a taste, relish, flavor, savor
sat                                          enough, sufficient, satisfactory, adequate, ample
satietas, satietatis F                       a sufficiency, abundance, adequacy
satis                                        enough, sufficient, satisfactory, ample, adequate
saucio, sauciare, sauciavi, sauciatus        to wound, hurt
saucius, saucia, saucium                     wounded, hurt
scabillum, scabilli N                        a musical instrument played with the foot; footstool
scelestus, scelesta, scelestum               impious, wicked, villanous, infamous, accursed, knavish, roguish
scelus, sceleris N                           a wicked deed, heinous act, crime, sin, enormity, wickedness
schola, scholae F                            an intermission of work, leisure for learning, debate, disputation, lecture, dissertation
scio, scire, scivi, scitus                   to know, understand, perceive, have knowledge of, be skilled in
scius, scia, scium                           cognizant, possessing knowledge; skilled in
scopulus, scopuli M                          a projection point of rock, rock, cliff, crag, shelf, ledge
scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptus          to scratch, grave, engrave, draw
seco, secare, secui, sectus                  to cut, cut off, cut up, reap, carve
secus                                               otherwise, differently; (+acc) by, alongside, in accordance with
sed                                                 but, on the contrary, but also, but even, but in fact
sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessus                         to sit
sedes, sedis F                                      a seat, bench, chair, throne
seditio, seditionis F                               a going aside, going apart, dissension, civil discord, insurrection, mutiny, sedition
seditiosus, seditiosa, seditiosum                   full of discord, factious, turbulent, mutinous, seditious
sedo, sedare, sedavi, sedatus                       to bring to rest, lay
seiungo, seiungere, seiunxi, seiunctus              to separate, cut, sever; distinguish
semel                                               once, a single time
semigro, semigrare, semigravi, semigratus           to go away, remove
semper                                              ever, always, at all times, continually, perpetually, forever
sempiternus, sempiterna, sempiternum                everlasting, everduring, perpetual, continual, eternal, sempiternal, imperishable
senator, senatoris M                                a member of the Senate
senatus, senatus M                                  the council of the elders, council of the state, Senate, body of senators
senectus, senectutis F                              old age, extreme age, senility
senex, senis                                        old, aged, advanced in years
sensim                                              just perceptibly, gradually, by degrees, little by little, slowly, gently, softly
sensus, sensus M                                    a perceiving, observation
sententia, sententiae F                             a way of thinking, opinion, judgement, thought, purpose, desire, decision
sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus                      to discern by sense, feel, hear, see, perceive, be sensible of
sequester, sequestris M                             inter mediate, mediating, negotiating
sequor, sequi, secutus sum                          to follow, come after, follow after, attend, accompany
sermo, sermonis M                                   continued speech, talk, conversation, discourse
sero                                                late, at a late hour
serva, -ae F                                        a female slave, hand-woman, maid
servio, servire, servivi, servitus                  to be a servant, be enslaved, serve, be in service
servitium, serviti(i) N                             the condition of a slave, service, slavery, servitude
servo, servare, servavi, servatus                   to make safe, save, keep, preserve, guard, keep, protect, deliver, rescue
servus, servi M                                     slave, servant
severitas, severitatis F                            seriousness, fravity, sternness, strictness, severity
severus, severa, -um                                serious, sober, grave, strict, austere, stern, sever
si                                                  if, when, inasmuch a, since
sic                                                 thus, in this way, as I do, as you see
sicut                                               so as, just as, as
sicuti                                              so as, just as, as
significo, significare, significavi, significatus   to make signs, show, point out, express, publish, indicate, imitate, notify, signify
signum, signi N                                     a mark, token, sign, indication, proof
silentium, silenti(i) N                             a being still, keeping silence, noiselessness, stillness, silence
sileo, silere, silui, -                             to be noiseless, be still, be silent, keep silence, not speak, keep silent, suppress
silvestris, silvestris, silvestre                   of a wood, of forest, overgrown, wooded, woody
similis, simile                                     like, resembling, similar
simul                                               at the same time, together, at once
simulo                                              to make like, imitate, copy, represent
simultas, simultatis F                              a hostile encounter, dissension, rivarly, jealousy, grudge, hatred, animosity
sin                                                 if however, if on the contrary, but if
sine (+abl)                                         without
singularis, singularis, singulare                   one by one, one at a time, alone, single, solitary, singular
sive                                                or if
sobrius, sobria, sobrium                            not drunk, sober
socius, soci(i) M                                   joint, allied, confederate; held in common
sodalis, sodalis, sodale                            of companions, friendly, sociable, companionable
sodalitas, sodalitatis F                            association, fellowship, friendship, companionship
sol, solis M                                        the sun
soleo, solere, solitus sum                          to use, be wont, be accustomed
solitudo, solitudinis F                             a being alone, loneliness, solitariness, solitude, lonely place, desert, wilderness
sollertia, sollertiae F                             skill, shrewdness, ingenuity, dexterity, adriotness, expertness
sollicito, sollicitare, sollicitavi, sollicitatus   to disturb, stir, agitate, move, shake
solum                                               only, merely, barely
solus, sola, solum                                  alone, only, single, sole
sopio, sopire, sopivi, sopitus                      to deprive of sense, make, stun, put to sleep, lull
soror, sororis F                                    a sister
species, speciei F                                  a sight, look, view, appearance, aspect, mien
sperno, spernere, sprevi, spretus                   to separate
spero, sperare, speravi, speratus                   to hope, look for, trust, expect, promise
spes, spei F                                        hope
splendidus, splendida, splendidum                   bright, shining, glittering, brilliant
splendor, splendoris M                              brightness, brilliance, lustre, splendor, sheen
                                                    she that robs, a plunderer, spoiler
spolio, spoliare, spoliavi, spoliatus               to strip, uncover, bare, unclothe
spondeo, spondere, spepondi, sponsus                to promise sacredly, warrant, vow, give
spondeus, spondei M                                 a spondee
sponte                                              of one's own accord, voluntarily, deliberately, spontaneously, for its own sake
squalor, squaloris M                                roughness, dirtiness, filthiness, foulness, squalor
statim                                              steadily, regularly
statua, statuae F                                   an image, statue, monumental figure
statuo, statuere, statui, statutus                  to cause to stand, set up, set, station, fix upright, erect, plant
status, status M                                    position, situation, condition; rank; standing, status
stimulus, stimuli M                                 a prick, goad
stipendium, stipendi(i) N                           a paying of tax, tax, impost, tribute, contribution
stirps, stirpis F                                   the lower part of the trunk, stock, stern, stalk, root
sto, stare, steti, status                           to stand, stand still, remain, be upright, be erect
strictim                                            superficially, cursorily, summarily, briefly
studeo, studere, studui, -                          to give attention, be eager, be zealous, take pains, be diligent, strive after, desire
studium, studi(i) N                                 application, assiduity, zeal, eagerness, fondness, inclination, desire, exertion
stultitia, stultitiae F                             folly, foolishness, simplicity, silliness, fatuity
stuprum, stupri N                                   defilement, dishonor, disgrace, violation, outrage, incest, lust
suadeo, suadere, suasi, suasus                      to advise, recommend, exhort, urge, persuge
suavitas, suavitatis F                              sweetness, pleasantness
subeo, subire, subivi(ii), subitus                     to come under, go under, enter
subito                                                 suddenly, immediately, unexpectedly, at once, off-hand
subitum, subiti N                                      emergency
                                                        to
subministro, subministrare, subministravi, subministratus furnish
subsellium, subselli(i) N                               a low bench, seat, form
subsum, subesse, subfui, subfuturus                    to be under, be behind
subtilis, subtile                                      fine, nice, delicate
suffero, sufferre, sustuli, sublatus                   to take up, submit to, undergo, bear, endure, suffer
sum, esse, fui, futurus                                to be, exist, live
summus, -a, -um                                        uppermost, highest, topmost
sumo, sumere, sumpsi, sumptus                          to take, take up, take in hand, lay hold of, assume
sumptus, sumptus M                                     outlay, cost, charge
supero, superare, superavi, superatus                  to go over, rise above, overtop, surmount, transcend
superus, supera, -um                                   that is above, upper, higher
supplex, supplicis                                     kneeling in entreaty, begging, humble, submissive, beseeching, suppliant
suscenseo, suscensere, suscensui, suscensus            to be angry, be indignant, be enraged, be provoked
suspicio, suspicionis F                                suspicion; mistrust
sustento, sustentare, sustentavi, sustentatus          to endure, hold out;
sustineo, sustinere, sustinui, sustentus               to hold up, hold upright, uphold, bear up, keep up, support, sustain
suus, sua, suum                                        of oneself, belonging to oneself, his own, her own, his, her, its, their
symphonia, symphoniae F                                an agreement of sounds, concord, harmony, symphony
tabula, tabulae F                                      a board, plank
taceo, tacere, tacui, tacitus                          to be silent, not speak, say nothing, hold one's peace
tactus, tactus M                                       a touching, touch, handling
taeter, taetra, taetrum                                offensive, repulsive, foul, noisome, shocking, loathsome
talis, talis, tale                                     such, of such a kind, such like, the like
tam                                                    to such an extent, to such a degree, so, so much
tamen                                                  notwithstanding, nevertheless, for all that, however, yet, still
tametsi                                                notwithstanding that, although, though
tamquam                                                as much as, so as, just as, like as, as if, so to speak
tandem                                                 at length, at last, in the end, finally
tantus, tanta, tantum                                  of such size, of such a measure, so great, such
tego, tegere, texi, tectus                             to cover, cover over
telum, teli N                                          a missile weapon, missile, dart, spear, shaft, javelin
temerarius, temeraria, temerarium                      rash, heedless, thoughtless, imprudent, inconsiderate, indiscreet, unadvised
temere                                                 by chance, by accident, at random, without, casually, fortuitously, rashly
temeritas, temeritatis F                               hap, chance, accident
tempero, temperare, temperavi, temperatus              to observe proper measure, be moderate, restrain, forbear, abstain, be temperate
tempestas, tempestatis F                               a portion of time, point of time, time, season, period
tempus, temporis                                       time, period, season, occasion, opportunity
tenax, tenacis                                         holding fast, griping, tenacious
tenebrae, -arum F                                      darkness, gloom
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus                           to hold, keep, have, grasp, hold fast
terra, -ae F                                           the earth
terreo, terrere, terrui, territus               to frighten, affright, put in fear, cause to dread, alarm, terrify, scare, dismay
tertio                                          for the third time
tertius, -a, -um                                the third
testimonium, testimoni(i) N                     witness, evidence, attestation, testimony
testis, testis                                  witness; testicle
testor, testari, testatus sum                   to cause to testify, call as a witness, invoke, appeal to
Tiberis, Tiberis                                Tiber River
timeo, timere, timui, -                         to fear, be afraid, be fearful, be apprehensive, be afraid of, dread, apprehend
timiditas, timiditatis F                        fearfulness, cowardice, timidity
timidus, timida, -um                            fearful, afraid, faint-hearted, cowardly, timid
timor, timoris M                                fear, dread, apprehension, timidity, alarm, anxiety
titubo, titubare, titubavi, titubatus           to stagger, totter, reel
toga, togae F                                   a toga, gown, outer garmnet, citizen's cloak
togatus, togata, togatum                        wearing the toga, clad in the toga, gowned
tolerabilis, tolerabile                         that may be borne, supportable, endurable, passable, tolerable
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus               to lift, take up, raise, elevate, exalt
tono, tonare, tonui, tonitus                    to make a loud noise, rora, resound, thunder
torqueo, torquere, torsi, tortus                to turn, turn about, turn away, twist, bend, wind
tot                                             so many, such a number of
totus, tota, totum (gen -ius)                   all, all the, all at once, the whole, entire, total
tracto, tractare, tractavi, tractatus           to draw violently, drag, tug, haul, pull
trado, tradere, tradidi, traditus               to give up, hand over, deliver, transmit, surrender, consign
traduco, traducere, traduxi, traductus          to bring across, transfer, convert, bring over; exhibit, display
tribunus, tribuni M                             the head of a tribe
tribuo, tribuere, tribui, tributus              to assign, impart, allot, bestow, confer, yield, give
triclinium, triclini(i) N                       a couch for three persons reclining at meals, eating-couch, table-couch
triginta                                        thirty
tristis, tristis, triste                        sad, sorrowful, mournful, dejected, melancholy, gloomy, downcast, disconsolate
triumpho, triumphare, triumphavi, triumphatus   to march in triumphal procession, celebrate a triumph, triumph
Troianus, Troiana, Troianum                     Trojan
trucido, trucidare, trucidavi, trucidatus       to cut to pieces, slaughter, butcher, massacre
tu                                              thou, you
tueor, tueri, tutus sum                         to look at, gaze upon, behold, watch, view, regard, consider, examine
tum                                             then, at that time, in those times
tumultuor, tumultuari, tumultuatus sum          to make a disturbance, be in confusion
tunicatus, tunicata, tunicatum                  clothed with a tunic, in shirt sleeves
turbulentus, turbulenta, turbulentum            full of commotion, disturbed, boisterous, stormy
turpis, turpe                                   ugly, unsighly, unseemly, repulsive, foul, filthy
turpitudo, turpitudinis F                       unsightliness, repulsiveness, foulness, deformity
tute                                            emphatic tu
tutus, tuta -um                                 safe, prudent; secure; protected
tuus, tua, tuum                                 thy, thine, your, yours
uber, uberis                                    rich, fertile, fruitful, productive, valuable
ubi                                             in which place, in what place, where
ullus, ulla, ullum (gen -ius)               any
ultro                                       to the farther side, beyond, on the other side
umquam                                      at any time, ever
unde                                        from which, whence
unguentum, unguenti N                       an ointment, unguent, perfume
unicus, unica, unicum                       only, sole, single, singular, unique
universus, universa, universum              all together, all in one, whole, entire, collective
unus -a -um                                 one, a single
urbanitas, urbanitatis F                    a living in the city, city life, life in Rome
urbanus, urbana, urbanum                    of the city, of the town, in the city, in Rome
urbs, urbis F                               a walled town, city
usque                                       all the way, right on, without interruption, continuously, even; (+acc) up to
usus, usus M                                use, practice, employment, exercise, enjoyment
ut                                          as, although, when, while, in order that
uter, utra, utrum                           each/either (of two); both (separately)
utinam                                      oh that! I wish that! if only! would to heaven! would that!
utor, uti, usus sum                         to use, make use of, employ, profit by, take advantage of, serve oneself with
uxor, uxoris F                              a wife, spouse, consort
vacatio, vacationis F                       freedom, exemption, immunity, dispensation
vado, vadere, vasi, -                       to go, walk, go hastily, proceed rapidly, rush
vadum, vadi N                               a shallow place, shallow, shoal, ford
valeo, valere, valui, valitus               to be strong, be vigorous, have strength, be able
validus, valida, validum                    strong, stout, able, powerful, robust, vigorous
varietas, varietatis F                      difference, diversity, variety
varius, varia, varium                       variegated, party-colored, mottled, diverse, various
vehemens, vehementis                        eager, violent, furious, impetuous, ardent, vehement
vel                                         even, actually, perhaps, for instance
vello, vellere, vulsi, vulsus               to pluck, pull, tear away, pull out
velut                                       even as, just as, like as, like
venalis, venalis, venale                    of selling, to be sold, for sale, purchasable, venal
venenum, veneni N                           a strong potion, juice, drug
venia, veniae F                             indulgence, kindness, grace, favor
venio, venire, veni, ventus                 to come
venter, ventris M                           the belly, paunch
ventito, ventitare, ventitavi, ventitatus   to come often, be wont to come, keep coming, resort
Venus, Veneris F                            goddess of love and beauty
venustas, venustatis F                      loveliness, comeliness, charm, grace, beauty, elegance, attractiveness
verbum, verbi N                             a word
vereor, vereri, veritus sum                 to reverence, revere, respect, stand in awe
veritas, veritatis F                        truth, truthfulness, verity, reality
vero                                        in truth, in fact, certainly, truly, to be sure, surely, assuredly
versor, versari, versatus sum               to come and go frequently, live, stay, be, be in operation, revolve, writhe
verto, vertere, verti, versus               to turn, turn up, turn back, direct
verum                                       truly, yes; true but, yes but, but in fact, but even, yet, still
verus, vera -um                      true, real, actual, genuine
Vestalis, Vestalis, Vestale          of Vesta, Vestal
vester, vestra, vestrum              your, yours, of you
vestibulum, vestibuli N              an enclosed space before a house, fore-court, entrance-court, vestibule
vestigium, vestigi(i) N              the bottom of the foot, sole
vestio, vestire, vestivi, vestitus   to cover with a garment, provided with clothing, dress, clothe, vest
vetus, veteris                       old, aged, advanced in years
vetustas, vetustatis F               old age, age, long existence
via, viae F                          a way, highway, road, path, street
vicinitas, vicinitatis F             neighborhood, nearness, proximity, vicinity
vicinus, vicina, vicinum             of the neighborhood, near, neighboring, in the vicinity
vicissim                             on the other hand, on the contrary, again, in turn, back
victoria, victoriae F                victory
video, videre, vidi, visus           to see, discern, perceive
viduus, vidua, viduum                deprived, befeft, destitute, without; deprived of (+gen)
vigeo, vigere, -, -                  to be lively, be vigorous, thrive, flourish, bloom, be strong
vigilia, vigiliae F                  a watching, wakefulness, sleeplessness, lying awake
vinco, vincere, vici, victus         to conquer, overcome, get the better of, defeat, subdue, vanquish, be victorious
vinum, vini N                        wine
violens, violentis                   impetuous, furious, violent
violentus, violenta, violentum       forcible, violent, vehement, impetuous, boisterous
violo, violare, violavi, violatus    to treat with violence, injure, dishonor, outrage, violate
vir, viri M                          a male person, adult male, man
virgo, virginis F                    a maid, maiden, virgin
virilis, virilis, virile             of a man, like a man, manly, masculine, virile
virtus, virtutis F                   manliness, manhood, strength, vigor, bravery, courage, excellence
vis, vis F                           strength, force, vigor, power, energy, virtue
vita, vitae F                        life
vitio, vitiare, vitiavi, vitiatus    to make faulty, injure, spoil, mar, taint, corrupt, infect
vitium, viti(i) N                    a fault, defect, blemish, imperfection, vice
vito, vitare, vitavi, vitatus        to shun, seek to escape, avoid, evade
vivo, vivere, vixi, victus           to live, be alive, have life
vix                                  with difficulty, with much ado, hardly, scarcely, barely
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus        to call, summon, invoke, call together, convoke
volo, volonis F                      a volunteer
voluntas, voluntatis F               will, free-will, wish, choice, desire, inclination
voluptas, voluptatis F               satisfaction, enjoyment, pleasure, delight
volvo, volvere, volvi, volutus       to cause to revolve, roll, turn about, turn round
vox, vocis F                         a voice, sound, tone, utterance, cry, call
vulnus, vulneris N                   wound, blow, strike, blow, disaster
vultus, vultus M                     face, looks, expression, features; appearance
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414   dono   1                    to give as a
                 dono, donare, donavi, donatus

								
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