Stephanie

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					   Ta x o n o m y

 Travis Baker, Stephanie
dePaula, Megan Flannery,
       Lauren Pacho
         (Salmonella enterica)

                       Kingdom:            Monera
                        Phylum:        Proteobacteria
                        Class:      Gamma Proteobacteria
                        Order:       Enterobacteriales
                        Family:      Enterobacteriaceae

                        Genus:           Salmonella
                       Species:           Enterica


                     Salmonella enterica belongs to
                      the kingdom monera because it
                     prokaryotic and is unicellular.
                    Salmonella enterica has a spiral
                    shape and is flagellated. It is
                        what causes typhoid fever.
                     People are often infected from
                     food that comes from poultry or
                       cattle. There has been some
                     worry over vaccum cleaner bags.
                       They may be a playground for
                           Salmonella enterica.




Monera
            (Plasmodium falciparum)

                           Kingdom:           Protista
                            Phylum:         Apicomplexa
                            Class:          Aconoidasida
                            Order:          Haemosporida
                            Family:       Plasmodiidae
                            Genus:           Plasmodium
                           Species:          Falciparum



                            The Plasmodium falciparum
                         belongs to the kingdom protista
                        because they are unicellular and
                            are eukaryotic. They are
                        asexual, and they reproduce very
                         quickly. It is a parasite that
                         causes malaria, a disease that
                        is transferred from one organism
                             to anther through female
                           mosquitoes. It is the most
                           deadly of the parasites that
                        cause malaria. If this parasite
                          is not treated, it can become
                              fatal cerebral malaria.




Protozoan
          Sea Lettuce
        (Ulva lactuca)
                   Kingdom:          Protista
                    Phylum:       Chlorophyta
                    Class:          Ulvophyceae
                    Order:            Ulvales
                    Family:          Ulvaceae

                    Genus:             Ulva
                   Species:           Lactuca


                 Sea Lettuce is in the protista
                kingdom because it is eukaryotic
                 and it does not have a vascular
                        system. It is also
                 photosynthetic. Sea lettuce is
                 an algae that is a bright green
                color, similar to that of grass.
                 It is very thin in depth and it
                 can be anywhere from six inches
                    to two feet in height. It
                  thrives in salt water that is
                   polluted or that is rich in
                     nutrients. It isn’t very
                 beneficial to the ocean except
                that it serves as a hiding place
                 for small critters. It can be
                   eaten safely. It is used to
                 make all sorts of things above
                 sea level, from medicine to ice
Algae                         cream.
              Death Cap
        (Amanita phalloides)
                       Kingdom:             Fungi
                       Phylum:         Basidiomycota
                          Class:      Homobasidiomycetes
                          Order:         Agaricales
                       Family:           Amanitaceae

                          Genus:           Amanita
                       Species:           Phalloides


                       The death cap is in the fungi
                     kingdom because it absorbs food,
                    reproduces using spores, and has a
                    complex cell structure. The Death
                   Cap is mostly found in Europe, with
                       a few known deposits in North
                     America (around the San Francisco
                   Bay area for example). The cap can
                       be from 3.5 centimeters to 15
                      centimeters. It is a yellowish
                      color, sometimes olive. It has
                     white gills and a white stem, as
                    well as a volva that looks similar
                    to a cup. They are known as death
                      caps because they are extremely
                    poisonous to humans. About ten to
                     fifteen percent of patients die.
                   They usually thrive near oak, pine,
                        and nut trees. They form a
                      symbiotic relationship with the
                                   trees.
Fungi
            Arabian Jasmine
          (Jasminum sambac)
                       Kingdom:           Plantae
                        Phylum:       Magnoliophyta
                        Class:         Magnoliopsida
                        Order:        Scrophulariales
                        Family:          Oleaceae

                        Genus:           Jasminum
                       Species:           sambac


                     The Arabian Jasmine is in the
                     plantae kingdom because it is
                     photosynthetic and because it
                     has a vascular system. It is
                     multicellular and eukaryotic.
                    Arabian Jasmine is a bushy plant
                    (it can be a vine or shrub) that
                     can grow anywhere from 6 to 10
                      feet tall in places where it
                    doesn’t snow. It’s used to make
                     jasmine tea. The flowers are
                    about an inch wide and they grow
                     in clusters (there’s anywhere
                      from 3 to 12 in a cluster).
                     They close during the day and
                      open at night, and they also
                      produce a small fruit. The
                     fruit is a small purple-black
                     berry. It’s also the national
Plantae                flower of the Philippines.
            Elephant Ear Sponge
           (Agelas clathrodes)
                         Kingdom:          Animalia
                          Phylum:          Porifera
                          Class:         Demospongiae
                          Order:          Agelasida
                          Family:         Agelasidae
                          Genus:            Agelas
                         Species:         clathrodes



                        The elephant ear sponge is in
                       the phylum porifera because it
                        has pores and is sessile. It
                          also has spicules and is a
                      filter feeder. They are usually
                       red, orange, or yellow. It can
                          be found in many different
                        shapes and sizes. The sponge
                          pumps water throughout the
                       colony. Some divers have noted
                         that there seems to be smoke
                      coming out of the sponge, but it
                      in fact is shooting out gametes.
                        They have many pores and live
                               mainly on reefs.



Porifera
                Comb Jelly
             (Mertensia ovum)
                         Kingdom:            Animalia
                         Phylum:            Ctenophora
                          Class:           Tentaculata
                          Order:            Cydippida
                         Family:         Mertensiidae
                          Genus:            Mertensia
                         Species:              Ovum


                         Mertensia Ovum is in the Phylum
                         Ctenophora because it is a comb
                         jelly. It has eight comb rows,
                       sticky cells, radial symmetry, and
                      an incomplete digestive system. It
                       is in the kingdom animalia because
                     it is multicellular, eukaryotic, and
                     it ingests food. The Mertensia Ovum
                           is a comb jelly that seems to
                          primarily live near or in cold
                     waters. It makes stripes of rainbow
                       colors when light is reflected off
                     of it. It has two tentacles that it
                        feeds with. They swim using the
                        plates of cilia. They reproduce
                               sexually (but they are
                       hermaphrodites). They have sticky
                        cells and use them to grab their
                                        prey.

Ctenophora
           Australian Spotted Jellyfish
           (Phyllorhiza punctata)
                               Kingdom:               Animalia
                               Phylum:                Cnidaria
                                Class:               Scyphozoa
                                Order:             Rhizostomeae
                               Family:            Mastigiidae
                                Genus:              Phyllorhiza
                               Species:               Punctata


                           The Australian Spotted Jellyfish is in the
                           class scyphozoa because the medusa form in
                            this animal is predominant. It is in the
                           Phylum cnidaria because of its nematocysts
                             and its incomplete digestive system. As
                          for why it’s in the kingdom animalia, it is
                               multicellular and eukaryotic. It also
                                ingests food. The Australian spotted
                                Jellyfish is native to Pacific waters
                          (mostly around Australia). The bell can be
                           up to 50 centimeters across. The sting is
                           barely even noticeable to humans. It is a
                          blue-brown color with white spots all over.
                            It has eight branching arms, each with an
                               extra transparent appendage. They use
                          their stinging cells on their tentacles for
                           catching plankton and also for protection.
                            They reproduce asexually. Interestingly,
                              the Phyllorhiza punctata has been found
                               swimming around in the Gulf of Mexico.
                          They are not native to Atlantic waters, and
                          there is concern over what this animal will
                                         do to the ecosystem.

Cnidaria
                  New Zealand Flatworm
          (Arthurdendyus triangulates)
                                Kingdom:            Animalia
                                 Phylum:       Platyhelminthes
                                 Class:           Turbellaria
                                 Order:            Tricladida
                                 Family:          Amanitaceae

                                 Genus:          Arthurdendyus
                                Species:          triangulates


                              The New Zealand Flatworm is in the
                            phylum platyhelminthes because it is
                               dorsoventrally flattened and the
                                   digestive tract has only one
                               opening. It has a simple nervous
                               system but no true circulatory or
                             respiratory systems. This flatworm
                                is a native to New Zealand. It
                               lives on the ground or in it, and
                               its diet consists mainly of earth
                            worms. They can grow to be up to 17
                             centimeters. They are brown on top
                               and are a buff color underneath.
                            They come to a sort of point on both
                               ends. They reproduce asexually.
                                 They thrive in wet areas. The
                               Arthurdendyus triangulates can be
                              very bad for soil because they can
                              eat all the earthworms in an area.
                                  They have especially become a
                            problem throughout the British Isles
Platyhelminthes                             recently.
              Ho o k w o r m s
           (Necator americanus)
                           Kingdom:            Animalia
                           Phylum:             Nematoda
                            Class:           Secernentea
                            Order:          Strongiloidae
                           Family:         Ancylostomatidae
                            Genus:             Necator
                           Species:           Americanus


                          Necator Americanus is a parasitic
                            worm commonly called the human
                       hookworm. Necator Americanus affects
                        800 million people worldwide. Large
                          amounts of the human hookworm can
                          cause anemia, an iron deficiency
                        from the loss of blood. The animals
                          of this phylum, phylum Nematoda,
                        have long tapered bodies, longitude
                       muscles, a cylindrical shape, and no
                         circulatory or respiratory system.




Nematoda
           Gia n t Gippsl a n d Ea r t h w o r m
              (Megascolides australis)
                                  Kingdom:            Animalia
                                  Phylum:             Annelida
                                   Class:            Clitellata
                                   Order:           Oligochaeta
                                  Family:          Megascolecidae
                                   Genus:           Megascolides
                                  Species:           Australis



                                 The Giant Gippsland Earthworm is
                                indigenous to Australia and lives
                                most of its life underground. This
                                   species of worms is currently
                              protected by the Australian Wildlife
                                    Preservation. Note that the
                                   earthworm is segmented, has a
                                 circulatory system, and circular
                               muscles. This put’s the animal into
                                        the phylum Annelida.




Annelida
                 Bl a ck Ka t y
            (Katharina tunicata)
                             Kingdom:            Animalia
                              Phylum:            Mollusca
                              Class:          Polyplacophora
                              Order:           Neoloricata
                              Family:           Mopaliidae
                              Genus:            Katharina
                             Species:            Tunicata


                           The Black Katy is a chiton with an
                                average length of about 7
                            centimeters. Its diet consists of
                            brown and red algae and spawns in
                          March through July. This species of
                          chiton is located along the Pacific
                              Northwest coast of the United
                           States. Notice that the chiton has
                            eight overlapping plates. This is
                             because it falls into the class
                                  called Polyplacophora.




Polyplacophora
               Gr o v e Sn a il
             (Cepaea nemoralis)
                            Kingdom:            Animalia
                             Phylum:            Mollusca
                             Class:            Gastropoda
                             Order:            Pulmonata
                             Family:           Helicidae
                             Genus:              Cepaea
                            Species:           Nemoralis


                         Grove snails are highly polymorphic
                           in their shell color and banding.
                             They range from almost white,
                            through yellow and pink to dark
                           brown, with a range of light and
                          dark bandings. The grove snail can
                          be found in a range of habitats in
                            northern Europe, most commonly,
                         grassland, hedgerows and woodlands.
                           Gastropods have one or no shell,
                           that’s why the grove snail is in
                                      this class.




Gastropoda
            Gia n t Cl a m
           (Tridacna gigas)
                        Kingdom:           Animalia
                        Phylum:            Mollusca
                         Class:            Bivalvia
                         Order:            Veneroida
                        Family:           Tridacnidae
                         Genus:            Tridacna
                        Species:             Gigas


                         The Giant clam is the largest
                         bivalve mollusk in the world,
                     Tridacna gigas is also known as the
                     bear's paw clam. The giant clam may
                        weigh over 500 lb and get to a
                    length of over 4 ft! Giant Calms are
                     typically found in shallow water to
                     help plankton receive ample amounts
                       of sunlight, the Tridacna gigas
                     typically lives on the higher parts
                       of the reef or in shallow sandy
                        areas. It may be surrounded by
                      corals, sponges or other immobile
                    creatures. The Giant Clams a bivalve
                           because it has two shells.


Bivalvia
              Co m m o n Oct o pu s
              (Octopus vulgaris)
                             Kingdom:           Animalia
                             Phylum:            Mollusca
                              Class:           Cephalopoda
                              Order:            Octopoda
                             Family:           Octopodidae
                              Genus:             Octopus
                             Species:           Vulgaris



                               Octopus vulgaris is found in
                         tropical, subtropical, and temperate
                            waters between the surface and a
                          depth of 100 to 150 meters. . It is
                             not found in polar or sub Polar
                           Regions. It lives in costal waters
                                 and the upper part of the
                          continental shelf. Octopus vulgaris
                         is a cephalopod because it’s body is
                              divided into a head and foot.




Cephalopoda
               Rough Woodlouse
            (Porcellio Scaber)
                          Kingdom:            Animalia
                           Phylum:           Arthropoda
                          Subclass:          Crustacea
                           Class:           Malacostraca
                           Order:             Isopoda
                           Family:         Porcellionidae
                           Genus:            Porcellio
                          Species:             Scaber

                       The common rough woodlouse is oval
                        shape and has a rough rather than
                       shiny dorsal surface and is orange
                            at the base of the antennae.
                      Porcellio Scaber has gray, brown, or
                          orangish brown, often with gray
                            coloration. The common rough
                           woodlouse lives in damp, dark
                         locations, often beneath logs or
                             rocks, in forests or along
                        waterways, and often extends into
                        cultivated areas, such as gardens
                       and greenhouses. This woodlouse is
                      abundant in splash zones along ocean
                      shorelines. Animals of the Subphylum
                          Crustacea have ten legs and are
Crustacea                      predominantly aquatic.
          Y el l o w Fev er M o sq u it o
                (Aedes aegypti)
                              Kingdom:           Animalia
                              Phylum:           Arthropoda
                               Class:             Insecta
                               Order:             Diptera
                              Family:            Culicidae
                               Genus:              Aedes
                              Species:            Aegypti



                           The Yellow Fever Mosquito is famous
                            for its ability to host the dengue
                          fever, Chikungunya, and yellow fever
                            viruses. It uses stagnant water to
                             lay its larvae in the spring and
                              hatch in the summer months. The
                            mosquito has six walking legs and
                          three body sections, putting it into
                                     the Insecta class.




Insecta
             Chinese Redhead Centipede
            (Scolopendra subspinipes)
                             Kingdom:           Animalia
                              Phylum:          Arthropoda
                              Class:            Chilopoda
                              Order:       Scolopendromorpha
                              Family:        Scolopendridae
                              Genus:           Scolopendra
                             Species:          Subspinipes


                          The Chinese Redhead centipede is
                               one of the more visually
                           striking species of Chilopodas.
                             They have a very bright and
                             radiant head that warns any
                           want-to-be predators that they
                               are very venomous. They
                            generally reach eight inches.
                             These centipedes live in an
                           aquatic environment. They show
                             little aggression to other
                            centipedes, which is uncommon
                             for most giant centipedes.
                           Chinese folk-lore says that by
                          putting this centipede on rashes
                          or other skin diseases with heal
                              them. They are Chilopodas
                          because they have mandables, one
                              pair of antennae, have un-
Chilopoda                   branched appendages, and have
                              one pair of legs per body
               Giant African Millipede
            (Archispirostreptus gigas)
                               Kingdom:          Animalia
                               Phylum:          Arthropoda
                              Subphylum:        Myriapoda
                                Class:          Diplopoda
                                Order:        Spirostreptida
                               Family:      Spirostreptidae
                                Genus:      Archispirostreptus
                               Species:           Gigas

                           Giant African Millipedes live in
                               very moist, dark, and warm
                             places. Like earthworms, they
                              are decomposers and feed on
                              rotted material like rotted
                            logs. They are the largest form
                             of Millipede in the world and
                            they can easily have the girth
                                of your thumb. They are
                            generally gentle and their main
                            form of defense is curling into
                           a ball. When they are born, they
                            only have three pairs of legs,
                            but as they grow more segments,
                           they grow more legs. They are in
                            the class Diplopoda because for
                           each body segment, they have two
                            legs. Millipedes are they only
Diplopoda                     thing in the Diplopda class.
        M ed it er r a n ea n Bl a ck W id o w
        (Latrodectus tredecimguttatus)
                                Kingdom:            Animalia
                                Phylum:            Arthropoda
                                 Class:            Arachnida
                                 Order:             Araneae
                                Family:           Theridiidae
                                 Genus:           Latrodectus
                                Species:        Tredecimguttatus


                            Black Widows are the most recognized
                               spiders on planet Earth. This is
                               because of there deadly venomous
                             bite. The Black Widow gets its name
                               from its shiny black appearance.
                             Latrodectus Tredecimguttatus prefer
                                 to live in dark cool places in
                              southern Europe. Black widows are
                            predominantly blind. The Black widow
                                is in this class because it has
                                           eight legs.




Arachnida
              Horseshoe crab
         (Limulidae Polyphemus)
                            Kingdom:               Animalia
                            Phylum:               Arthropoda
                             Class:               Merostomata
                             Order:               Merostomata
                            Family:               Xiphosurida

                             Genus:                Limulidae

                            Species:              Polyphemus

                       Horseshoe crabs are the only living member
                       of the Merostomata class. Like other
                       Cheliceratas they have eight walking legs,
                       specialized mouthparts that include
                       chelicerae and pedipalps. They also have
                       book gills which are a very primitive form
                       of gills that look like the pages of a book.
                       These gills are found behind their
                       appendages and allow them to breathe
                       underwater, as well as on land as long as
                       the wills stay moist. They also have
                       compound eyes. They are now being used in
                       modern science to research their blood.
                       Horseshoe crabs can regenerate limbs, which
                       allow them to sustain longer lives. They
                       have been around since the prehistoric ages
                       and have evolved very little from that time.


Merostomata
                Bat Sea Star
             (Patiria miniata)
                           Kingdom:              Animalia
                           Phylum:            Echinodermata
                            Class:              Asteroidea
                            Order:             Spinulosida
                           Family:             Asterinidae

                            Genus:               Patiria
                           Species:              Miniata

                      Bat stars are named after the webbing in
                           between their arms that give the
                      appearance of webbed wings of bats. They
                        come in several different colors that
                      include red, orange, yellow, green, brown
                       and purple. These colors can either be
                       solid or mottled. They have sensors at
                      the end of their arms that detect changes
                      in light and the presence of animals. To
                          capture their prey, they put their
                        stomach on top of it so that they can
                        release digestive liquids on top. The
                      liquids dissolve the matter and the star
                       slurps it up. They have cilia all over
                      their body that move water and keep their
                       skin clean. To breath, stars have gills
                         on their back that give them a fuzzy
                      surface. Like all other echinoderms, they
                       have pentamerous radial symmetry, tube
                                   feet, and spines.



Asteroidea
             Five-Notched Sand Dollar
              (Encope michelini)
                              Kingdom:             Animalia
                              Phylum:            Echinodermata
                               Class:              Echinodea
                               Order:           Clypeasteroida
                              Family:            Mellitidae
                               Genus:               Encope
                              Species:             Michelini


                          The five-Notched Sand Dollar is covered
                         with five sets or pores that are arranged
                         in the recognizable petal pattern on the
                            top of their body. They are used for
                             movement by moving water into its
                         internal water-vascular system. They are
                          covered with moveable spines that allow
                         the Sand Dollars to bury themselves into
                         the sand. They are either found right on
                          the sea floor or slightly below it and
                         are usually in larger groups for ease of
                          reproduction. They get their name from
                           the five notches that appear on their
                         outside edge. The sand dollar name comes
                         from their shape, which is round and flat
                         like a coin. Like all other echinoderms,
                          they have pentamerous radial symmetry,
                                   tube feet, and spines.




Echinoidea
                Green Brittle Stars
              (Opiarachna eurylida)
                              Kingdom:           Animalia
                               Phylum:         Echinodermata
                               Class:           Ophiuroidea
                               Order:           Spinulosida
                               Family:          Asterinidae

                               Genus:           Ophiarachna
                              Species:           Euryalida


                             Brittle stars are similar to sea
                             stars because they have five arms
                             that they use to crawl along the
                           ocean floor. Because of these arms,
                             they can move relatively rapidly,
                          making for quick escapes. Along with
                               their speed, Brittle stars are
                             easily breakable, hence the name,
                           which allows for them to break away
                          when under attack, much like lizards
                           that lose their tails. They live in
                            shallow reefs and hide under rocks
                          and inside of living organisms, such
                                as coral, for other forms of
                          defense. It is a predatory eater and
                               is nocturnal. Because it is an
                              echinoderm, it has perntamerous
                              radial symmetry, tube feet, and
                                           spines

Ophiuroidea
                DOnkey Dung Sea Cucumber
                 (Mexicana ludwig)
                                 Kingdom:         Animalia
                                 Phylum:        Echinodermata
                                Subphylum:      Eleutherozoa
                                  Class:        Holothuroidea
                                  Order:       Aspidochirotida
                                 Family:       Holothuriidae
                                  Genus:          Mexicana
                                 Species:          Ludwig

                                The Donkey Dung Sea Cucumber
                                   gets its name from its
                             resemblance to donkey feces. Sea
                                cucumbers have an elongated
                                shape that closely resembles
                              cucumbers. They have tough and
                                    leathery skin with an
                               endoskeleton underneath. They
                              feed on debris and plankton on
                             the benthic layer. They can also
                                use their tentacles to sift
                              through the ocean floor to find
                              decaying sediments to eat. They
                             breathe by drawing in water from
                             the anus and expelling it. They
                                 have a defense system that
                                 involves regurgitating its
                                  stomach to distract their
Holothuroidea                     predators. Like all other
                              echinoderms, it has tube feet,
                              spines, and pentamerous radial
              Leather Sea Squirt
              (Styela clava)
                            Kingdom:              Animalia
                             Phylum:              Chordata
                           Subphylum:             Tunicata
                             Class:              Ascidiacea
                             Order:              Pleurogona
                            Suborder:         Stolidobranchia
                             Family:             Styelidae
                             Genus:                Styela
                            Species:               Clava



                       The Leathery Sea Squirt is a Urochordata
                        because it is a Tunicate, which is the
                       only thing in this subphylum. Sea Squirts
                       have notochords as larvae and are sessile
                       as adults. They have relatively advanced
                       systems when it comes to their heart and
                        brain. The Leathery Sea Squirt inhabits
                        the Northwestern Pacific Ocean. In the
                        1950’s they were first found in British
                         waters away from their usual habitat.
                        They were believed to have been brought
                       there by Korean ships that were returning
                        home that the sea squirts were latched
                       onto. They latch onto hard surfaces such
                         as rocks and walls, where they create
                        their habitat. They are now becoming a
                       fixture in the European waters, far away
                           from where they naturally found.

Urochordata
                   lancelet
            (Branchiostome costa)
                              Kingdom:         Animalia
                              Phylum:          Chordata
                               Class:      Cepholochordata
                               Order:       Amphioxiformes
                              Family:    Branchiostomatidae
                               Genus:       Branchiostome
                              Species:          Costa


                         Lancelets are usually found buried
                          in shallow bodies of water where
                         they bury themselves in the sand.
                       They are usually about 5 centimeters
                        long, but can grow to be as long as
                          8 centimeters. They have muscles
                       arranged around in blocks, but their
                         spinal chord is not protected by a
                         spine. Instead of a spinal chord,
                         they have a notochord that is made
                          up of cylindrical cells that are
                          packed to gether to form a tough
                         chord. This notochord extends into
                         their head, which is why they are
                        Cephaolchordatas. They have sensory
                          strands in front of their mouths
                       that they use when they filter water
                        in. Humans use them for food and we
                        are also beginning to study them to
                       find out more about the evolution of
Cephalochordata             vertebrates because of their
                                    similarities.
            pa cif ic Ha g f ish
          (Eptatretus stoutii)
                            Kingdom:           Animalia
                            Phylum:            Chordata
                             Class:             Myxini
                             Order:          Myxiniformes
                            Family:           Myxinidae
                             Genus:           Eptatretus
                            Species:           Stoutii


                          Hag fish can live in salt or fresh
                        water. Hagfish have no eyes, so they
                            find their food by smelling and
                        feeling. Their skeletons are made of
                             cartilage and they lack a jaws
                           instead they eat by attaching to
                           their prey and sucking with their
                                oral sucker. They live in
                             underground dens. They have no
                           scales and or fins. There defense
                         mechanisms are to tie its self in a
                        knot and produce a lot of slime. The
                          slime is very difficult to remove.
                        But they haven’t evolved much in 200
                            million years, we can tell from
                               fossils of there ancestors.
Agnatha
                 Atlantic Manta Ray
                 (Manta Birostris)
                              Kingdom:            Animalia
                              Phylum:             Chordata
                               Class:          Chondrichthyes
                               Order:         Myliobatiformes
                              Family:            Mobulidae
                               Genus:              Manta
                              Species:           Birostris



                           Manta rays like sharks have no true
                           bones, but the bones they do have a
                             skeleton made of cartilage. They
                          also have gills. Even though they do
                            not have teeth on the top of their
                           mouth, they have many rows of teeth
                            on the bottom of their mouth. Rays
                          first appeared in the Jurassic time.
                               Mantas reproduce by internal
                          reproduction unlike most boney fish.




Chondrichthyes
                     Sunfish
               (Lepomis megalotis)
                               Kingdom:         Animalia
                               Phylum:          Chordata
                                Class:       Actinopterygii
                                Order:        Perciformes
                               Family:       Centrarchidae
                                Genus:          Lepomis
                               Species:        Megalotis


                         The Sun fish is a bony fish, with a
                           swim bladder. They are native in
                           most lakes and bodies of water in
                         the north eastern parts of America.
                         The males are brightly colored with
                         fluorescents and neon colors. While
                            the females are not as brightly
                          colored. They live in fresh water
                                  and are very common,




Osteichthyes
           Giant California Salamander
            (Dicamptodon ensatus)
                             Kingdom:           Animalia
                             Phylum:            Chordata
                              Class:            Amphibia
                              Order:            Caudata
                             Family:        Dicamptodontidae
                              Genus:           Dicamptodon
                             Species:            Ensatus



                           The giant California salamander is
                              one of north Americas largest
                          salamanders. These salamanders live
                          in California’s forests hence their
                          name. These animals breathe air and
                           live close to water. There hearts
                            are 3 chambered and their larvae
                          have gills. Not much is known about
                         how these salamanders live one thing
                          they know for sure is that they are
                                        nocturnal.




Amphibia
                Gila Monster
           (Heloderma suspectum)
                           Kingdom:           Animalia
                           Phylum:            Chordata
                            Class:            Reptilia
                            Order:           Squamata
                           Family:         Helodermatidae
                            Genus:           Heloderma
                           Species:          Suspectum


                        The Gila monster is one of only two
                         venomous lizards. Gila’s lay their
                            eggs on land and have a four
                          chambered heart. The skin of the
                         Gila monsters is thick and scaly.
                       They live in the south western parts
                       of America and northern Mexico. Then
                            gila monster is a carnivore.




Reptilia
       Yellow Billed Hornbill
       (Tockus leocomelas)
                        Kingdom:                  Animalia
                        Phylum:                   Chordata
                         Class:                     Aves
                         Order:                Coraciiformes
                        Family:                Bucerotidae
                         Genus:                    Tockus
                        Species:                 Leucomelas



                    The Yellow Billed Hornbill is native to Africa
                    and lives usually in the shrubbery. The
                    feathers of the horn bill are not brightly
                    colored. They use millipedes in their nest
                    because the smell of them is disliked by many
                    enemies. The hallow bones of the hornbill is a
                    characteristic of the class aves, meaning it
                    can fly.




Aves
              Eastern Long-beaked Echidna
                (Zaglossus bartoni)
                                Kingdom:            Animalia
                                 Phylum:           Chordata
                                 Class:             Mammalia
                                 Order:           Monotremata
                                 Family:         Tachyglossidae

                                 Genus:            Zaglossus
                                Species:            Bartoni


                                  Native to New Guinea, this
                                 endangered animal lays eggs.
                            Echinda’s lay one egg at a time into
                            a pouch. It’s diet consists of earth
                             worms and termites. It is was known
                             at a huge prize to capture and kill
                               one of theses in game huntitng.




Monotremata
                 Bilby
           (Macrotis leucura)
                         Kingdom:          Animalia
                         Phylum:           Chordata
                          Class:           Mammalia
                          Order:        Peramelemorphia
                         Family:        Thylacomyidae
                          Genus:           Macrotis
                         Species:           Leucura


                      Native to Australia the nocturnal
                        bandicoot lives underneath the
                      shrubbery in dens it digs that can
                     be 5 feet long. They eat plants and
                      animals mostly lizards, bugs, and
                     fruits. The pouch on this marsupial
                    is facing backwards to stop dirt and
                         soil from getting in on their
                     babies. Because of these animals in
                        Australia they do not have the
                      Easter bunny they have the Easter
                                     bilby.




Eutheria
       Sperm Whale
(Physeter macrocephalus)

                 Kingdom:            Animalia
                 Phylum:             Chordata

                  Class:             Mammalia

                  Order:             Cetacea

                 Family:           Physeteridae

                 Genus:              Physeter

                 Species:          Macrocephalus




                    Sperm whales live in
                    pods. Even though they
                    live in the water they
                    still nurse their young
                    and they birth them live.
                    They eat giant squid,
                    fish, and skates.They
                    live everywhere but the
                    polar caps of the world.
                    Pink Shrimp
                (Panaeus duorarum)
                              Kingdom:           Animalia
                              Phylum:           Arthropoda
                             Subphylum:          Crustacea
                               Class:          Malacostraca
                               Order:            Decapoda
                              Family:            Penaeidae
                               Genus:             Panaeus
                              Species:           Duorarum

                            Pink shrimp belong to the kingdom
                                  animalia because they are
                           eukaryotic, multicellular, and they
                                ingest their food. They are
                              arthropods because they have an
                           exoskeleton and jointed appendages.
                           They are in the subphylum crustacea
                               because they have two pairs of
                           antennae and they are predominantly
                            aquatic. Pink shrimp can burrow,
                          crawl, and swim. Their antennae are
                              longer than the length of their
                          bodies. They tend to be gray, blue,
                           or red-brown. Pink shrimp are used
                              for live bait for anglers. The
                          industry makes between a third and a
                            half million dollars each year and
                             is even now expanding. They are
                                found in large quantities in
                                        Biscayne Bay.
Organism that is of Economic Importance to Humans

				
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