Newsletter of The Association of Professional Engineers of Nova Scotia
The ENGINEER Volume 19, No. 1, SPRING 2007
What’s New at APENS.
The P.Eng, Seal and What It’s All About
Publications Mail Poste-publications
Agreement No. numéro de convention
If undeliverable, return to:
APENS, Box 129, 1355 Barrington Street
Halifax, NS, B3J 2M4
THE ENGINEER P. 2
The Association of Professional
Engineers of Nova Scotia
What’s New at APENS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Report from the Director of Professional Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Dalhousie University – Faculty of Engineering Update . . . . . . . . . 9
APENS COUNCIL FOR 2006 – 2007 An Update from Engineers Without Borders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
David Lea, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . President The P.Eng. Seal is What It’s All About . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Conrad LeLievre, P.Eng.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vice-President NEW 2007 Program of Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Insert
Terry Hennigar, M.Sc., P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . Past-President
Dr. Paul Amyolte, Ph.D., P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . .Councillor
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plus many more items.
Brian Bohaker, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Councillor
Wadih Fares, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Councillor
Janice Harland, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Councillor THE ENGINEER is a quarterly publication of the Association of Professional
Dan MacDonald, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Councillor Engineers of Nova Scotia. APENS members are welcome to write letters to
Grant McCharles, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Councillor the editor and submit articles of interest for publication. Photographs may
also be included.
Dr. Andrew Mitchell, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Councillor
Tim Murphy, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Councillor Views independantly expressed in this publication are not necessarily those
of the Publications Committee or of the Council of APENS.
E. Bruce Wornell, P.Eng. ADVERTISING IN THE ENGINEER
ZONE REPRESENTATIVES It pays to advertise in THE ENGINEER. Your ad will reach
Jason Angel, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . Antigonish/Guysborough 5000 Members and Students registered with The Association of
Grant McCharles, P.Eng.. . . . . . . . . Cape Breton/Victoria Professional Engineers of Nova Scotia
Oliver Browning, P. Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Colchester
Vivek Tomar, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Halifax/Hants ADVERTISING RATES ARE AS FOLLOWS:
Darrin McLean, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . .Inverness/Richmond
Size 1 issue 4 issues
Conrad LeLievre, P. Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . .Kings/Annapolis
Inside Front Cover (Color Ad) $600 $1920
Ron Marks, P. Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pictou
Back Cover (Color Ad) $600 $1920
Andrew Polegato, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cumberland
Inside Back Cover (Color Ad) $550 $1760
COMMITTEE CHAIRPERSONS Full Page (Black and White) $500 $1600
1/2 Page (color) $400 $1280
Brian Travis, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Act Enforcement Vertical or Horizontal
Brian Bohaker, P.Eng. . . . . . . . Annual General Meeting 1/2 Page (Black and White) $350 $1120
Jamie Hannam, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Awards Vertical or Horizontal
Janice Harland, P.Eng . . . . . . . . . . . Board of Examiners 1/4 Page (color) $250 $800
Chris Zinck, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . Mentor Sub-Committee Vertical or Horizontal
Joe Landry, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Safety 1/4 Page (Black and White) $200 $640
Phil Elliott, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Energy Vertical or Horizontal
Chris Feetham, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Environment Business Card (color) $125 $400
Steve March, P.Eng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finance Business Card (Black and White) $100 $320
Christine Bonnell-Eisnor, P.Eng. . . . . . . . Student Affairs
Len White, MBA, CGA, P.Eng. . . . . . Executive Director
Dermot Mulrooney, M.Eng., P.Eng. . Dir of Prof. Practice
Sandra Oickle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dir of Registration
Virginia MacQuarrie . . . . . . . . . .Dir of Finance & Admin
Christine Larocque . . . . . . . Dir of Communications & IT Questions? Contact the APENS Ofﬁce at 902-429-2250 or Toll Free at
Patricia Hanson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compliance Ofﬁcer 1-888-802-7367 or write to us at APENS, 1355 Barrington Street, Halifax,
Nova Scotia, B3J 2M4 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Stacey Peters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Registration Coordinator
Alison Ward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Executive Assistant
Jodi Oickle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Administrative Assistant
THE ENGINEER P. 3
What’s New at APENS
President Executive Director
David Lea, P.Eng. Len White, MBA, CGA, P. Eng.
Greetings once again from your professional association.
Your Councilors attended a Council Orientation session process and how to make it more effective , a review of some
late last year. The agenda covered our Council Policy Manual; the changes to the annual general meeting to attract more members
ﬁduciary responsibilities of Councilors; a review of the strategic and encourage a greater degree of information exchange among
plan, budget and targets for the upcoming year; and a review of the members , and ﬁnally some measures to begin an initiative to
the committee structure and the reporting relationships for those compile information from our senior members that may eventually
committees. Each outgoing Council does a self-evaluation at the be used in an engineering centennial project.
end of their term, and the latest evaluation was also reviewed by On the national scene, the Executive Directors of the
the incoming Council as part of the orientation. The intent is for Canadian engineering regulatory associations met in Ottawa on
Councilors to develop a good understanding of their legislated January 23-24. We have made signiﬁcant strides towards national
responsibilities and work better as a team in dealing with issues licensure; the creation of a model limited license; and a closer
facing your association. coordination of many other association activities. The Executive
Members are aware that we had a number of proposed Act Director meeting was combined with a “Senior Public Servants
revisions before the government for some time. We are excited that Executive Dinner”, which gave another opportunity for the
Government approved those Act revisions on November 23. We are engineering regulatory associations to interact with the highest
also very pleased with the recognition given to our association in administrative level of government and ensure that our programs
the Legislature, and the kind words spoken by government about and activities are understood and supported at the federal level. The
our efforts to regulate the profession for the safety of the public. APENS President, Executive Director and CCPE representative
Along with a number of administrative changes, the also attended a parliamentary reception on Parliament Hill in early
new Act allows APENS to create Joint Practice Boards with October, which was hosted by the CCPE and attended by over a
sister associations, such as with the Nova Scotia Association of hundred elected parliamentarians including several Members of
Architects and the Association of Professional Geoscientists of Parliament from Nova Scotia.
Nova Scotia. These Joint Practice Boards will be empowered to Our annual reception was held on December 7, at the
make recommendations to the respective Councils concerning APENS ofﬁce. Some 300 members and guests attended, along
professional practice affecting both associations. with the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia and other political
The new Act allows full membership in our association to representatives. This event is always well attended and well
all residents of Canada. Our previous Act restricted membership appreciated.
to residents of Nova Scotia, which was unduly restrictive and did The Lt. Governor will be presenting the Lt. Governor’s Award
not meet the intent of the Agreement on Internal Trade signed for Excellence in Engineering on March 1, as part of National
several years ago by the provincial government. Our new Act also Engineering Week activities. The event will be by invitation
extends voting privileges to Engineers-in-Training, which should only, and will be held in the “Red Room” at the Nova Scotia
lead to a more vibrant and active association by encouraging Legislature.
younger members to take a greater interest in the affairs of their Committees continue to be very active. The Board of
professional association. Examiners held a special policy meeting the evening of January
Your Council will be pursuing additional legislative 17, to deal with issues related to the requirement for one year of
improvements later this year. The issue of mandatory professional Canadian experience prior to obtaining full membership. As well,
development will be brought to another member vote in the near the Discipline Process Review Committee met to deal with a number
future, along with recommendations to modernize and strengthen of suggestions from members of the Complaints Committee, and the
our disciplinary process. We will also be bringing forward the Energy Committee prepared a draft policy paper that was discussed
concept of a Limited License, looking at membership approval for at the most recent Council meeting. At any one time we have 300-
a reduction in several fees and dues charged to foreign applicants, 400 volunteers serving on various committees and as mentors to
and moving to a more gender-neutral code of ethics. Your Council our newer members.
will seek ﬁnal membership approval on these, and several other
items, within the next few months. Additional council business
in the near future will address the annual council self evaluation
THE ENGINEER P. 4
Report from the Director of Professional Practice
Dermot Mulrooney, M.Eng., P.Eng.
What is this thing we call Professional Engineering?
Managing any of the foregoing, that requires the application
of engineering principles, and that concerns the safeguarding of
Adam Smith in his ‘Wealth of Nations’ wrote , “people in • Property,
the same profession seldom meet together, even for merriment • Economic Interests,
and diversion but the conversation ends in a conspiracy against • The Public Welfare or
the general public.” • The Environment.”
George Bernard Shaw said more simply: “all professions are
conspiracies against the layperson.” In the Nova Scotia Engineering Profession Act, there is the
‘legal’ deﬁnition of “engineering” as “the science and art of
Ivan Illich (he of ‘De-Schooling Society’) wrote: “the pres-
ent state of the professions is a new type of cartel. They are more • Designing,
deeply entrenched than any guild, more international than any • Investigating,
union, more stable than any political party, endowed with wider • Supervising the Construction,
competencies than any clergy, and equipped with a greater control • Maintenance or
over those they protect than any Maﬁa.” • Operation of,
• Making Speciﬁcations,
In a more pragmatic and detached view, Max Weber, the • Inventories or
sociologist, indicated that: “a profession is an occupation that has • Appraisals of and Consultations or
attained the right to deﬁne and control its services.” • Reports on Machinery,
We engineers, have a deal with society. Society will let us • Works,
self-govern the profession if we actually do regulate the profes- • Plants,
sion. • Mines,
• Mineral Deposits,
Being a Professional Engineer is really a state of mind. It is • Processes,
a person’s view of him or her self. It’s an attitude. It’s a potential • Transportation Systems,
for an appropriate response….A response that will always reﬂect • Transmission Systems and
what is in the public interest. • Communications Systems or Any Part Thereof”.
The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers (CCPE) It is clear from the model and legal deﬁnitions of the “prac-
promotes a ‘model’ deﬁnition of the practice of professional en- tice of engineering” and ‘engineering’ that the practice requires
gineering. engineering judgement based on an appropriate combination of
post-secondary education, experience and practice and an over-
“The “Practice of Professional Engineering” means any act riding concern for the public interest, including the protection of
of life, health and the environment!
• Planning, Notwithstanding the views of Mr. Smith, Mr. Shaw and Mr.
• Designing, Illich, the practice of engineering demands that practitioners always
• Composing, act in the public interest as they perform their engineering duties
• Evaluating, throughout their engineering careers and our experience is that, for
• Advising, the most part, they do.
• Directing or
• Supervising, or
THE ENGINEER P. 5
THE ENGINEER P. 6
Dalhousie University – Faculty of Engineering
L. Joshua (Josh) Leon, Ph.D., P.Eng.
The year 2007 is off to a great start in the Faculty of Visit www.100th.Engineering.dal.ca, where we will be
Engineering. Our recruiting efforts are paying off, with potential constantly updating the schedule of events, and adding other items
students showing a high level of interest in studying with us. of historic interest. You will soon be able to register and make
Research within the Faculty continues to ﬂourish, and I am sure payment on-line for the activities you want to attend.
that 2007 will be another record year in both research quality and
quantity. Similarly our programs are expanding with an almost Of course, an event like this needs people behind it. We are
8% increase in our ﬁrst year class. Our students continue to show looking for volunteers at all levels, as well as sponsors for some
their maritime ingenuity. We have a new Formula SAE team and of the events. If you are interested in getting involved, have ideas
our Concrete Toboggan Team just returned from Winnipeg, having for the event, or have any memorabilia for the displays, please call
placed ﬁrst in the Technical Report and ﬁfth overall in the Great Linda Seamone at 494-8431. If you or your company is interested
Northern Concrete Toboggan Race. Still others are working on in sponsoring any of the events, I would like to hear from you. My
their senior design and other projects number is 494-6217.
As these items will be covered in depth in the next issue I look forward to hearing from many of you, and to seeing
of Engineering Update, I want to focus this message on an you from the 4th to the 6th of October.
accomplishment we are all about to celebrate: 100 years of Tech,
TUNS and Dal Engineering.
As engineers in this Province you have played both large and
small roles in supporting our Faculty for a very long time. Many
of you who are not among our alumni have hired or mentored our
students in your companies and organizations. You have sponsored
student projects and events and in many cases have worked with
our professors on industry projects. Together you have played a
major role in maintaining and promoting our tradition of excellence
in engineering – toward our landmark 100 years.
Now it is time to celebrate our joint achievement. We have
reached this incredible milestone together. We in the Faculty of
Engineering now invite – and encourage - you to celebrate 100
Years of Tech, TUNS and Dal Engineering with us from October
4th to 6th, 2007.
The activities planned for this gala weekend include an Open
House, where you and your families can meet our professors and
students at work in their labs. We will honor our alumni at an Awards
Luncheon, to be held at the World Trade Center.
You will have the opportunity to renew your Iron Ring vow,
followed by a BBQ, with entertainment by the DixieTech Seven.
On Saturday evening we will have the Tech Ball, which has been
a major social event for almost as long as the institution has been
in place. Throughout the events there will be displays of historic
photographs covering the last 100 years, and much more.
THE ENGINEER P. 7
Update from the Dalhousie Chapter of Engineers without Borders
Submitted by: Vanessa Norris
she calls a “creative playground,” talent for inventiveness would
be brought out by imaginative play innovation and resourcefulness
rather than imposed from talents outside the community. Madam
Adisa’s vision for cultivating African creativity is her discovery
of the engineer within us all.
Looking at the bicycle and the children who developed it
with drive and inspiration, the old adage that the whole is greater
than the sum of its parts comes to mind, and one truly believes that
simple technology can have dramatic results. From your current
location, be it in your living room, ofﬁce, or at a kitchen table, look
at the resources around you. What is the potential to transform the
materials in your space into completely different objects? What if
you could share that idea - share the thrill of critical and creative
thinking? Here in Canada we continuously challenge ourselves
to develop our skills and our communities. The ultimate sum
of a bicycle includes more than just materials: it is a process of
combining knowledge, design, innovation, best practices and, only
eventually, the materials needed for its parts. The bicycle in the
picture unites children’s belief in their abilities to transform the
Greater than the sum of its parts. world around them into something greater than the sum of the parts
they have been given, or ﬁnd in discarded piles. The whole does
When you think of great feats in engineering what comes not end at the bicycle you see. It includes the children’s natural
to mind? Perhaps you picture the space station or the pyramids. ability to discover within themselves their potential, their future
Maybe you envision the success of pipelines, modern transportation potential and the engineer within us all.
carriers or communication technologies which connect people to
people, and people to resources, from anywhere in the world. The
core of engineering is much simpler, though. The ingenuity to dream
up an object and the hard labour to gain results is the foundation of
the philosophy of engineering. Within everyone there is a source
of creative imagination. When creativity becomes sharpened and
pieces are combined which once seemed meaningless, the world
becomes transformed through acts of engineering. What happens
then when creative forces become lost for cookie cutter answers?
In the world of development we see technological solutions that
merely extend an idea vertically from the top ofﬁces of western
planning down to the local communities. In removing the power of
local creativity and design, development projects replace guidance
and support with answers and solutions, ignoring the power of
discovering the engineer within us all.
An image of a group of boys standing proudly with their
version of a bicycle illustrates a story of ingenuity, vision,
resourcefulness, and, at the core, the realization of a dream. At the
6th Annual Engineers Without Borders National Conference in
Calgary, Alberta this past January, Madam Adisa Yakubu, a Ghanaian
teacher and director of local development programs for women and
children, spoke to a crowd of young engineers, scientists, and social
scientists on the power of youthful creativity. Madam Adisa sees
that the potential within the youth of her communities becomes a
lost opportunity to foster the inherent strength within African people
when the many development workers who visit her country fail to
provide them with creative support. If foreign supporters took the
opportunity to play with the children and encourage youth in what
THE ENGINEER P. 9
THE ENGINEER P. 10
THE ENGINEER P. 11
The P.Eng. Seal is What It’s All About
Submitted by: Dermot Mulrooney, M.Eng., P.Eng.
be sealed. Drawings submitted with a building permit application
must be complete for that purpose; in other words, they must contain
sufﬁcient detail to enable the building ofﬁcial to perform the code
compliance and due diligence reviews required prior to the issuance
of a building permit.
Proper use of the seal is essential, since compliance with these
rules provides the following assurances to the public:
• authorship - signing and sealing identiﬁes that the document
was created by or under the supervision of a licensed
Introduction: professional engineer;
• responsibility - signing and sealing establishes that the individual
For the Nova Scotia public, the engineer’s seal constitutes identiﬁed by the seal assumes professional responsibility for the
the distinctive mark of the professional engineer. It is used to contents of the document he or she prepared and acknowledges
identify all work prepared by, or under the direct supervision of, a that he or she can be held accountable for those contents;
professional engineer as part of professional engineering services and
rendered. It assures the document’s recipient that the work • reliance - by signing and sealing documents, a professional
meets the standards of professionalism expected of competent, engineer attests to the fact that others can rely on the designs,
experienced individuals who take personal responsibility for their decisions, opinions, judgments or other professional statements
judgments and decisions. The seal is important because it is a expressed therein.
visible commitment to the standards of the profession and signiﬁes
to the public that a particular P.Eng. has accepted professional The seal:
responsibility for the document.
The seal used on a document is the impression of the rubber
Affixing the seal to a document is a statement by a stamp issued by APENS to all licence holders. An engineer
professional engineer to others that they can, with a high degree must always retain full control over the use of the seal and any
of conﬁdence, depend upon the contents of the document for the reproduction of the seal so that no one can use it without explicit
furtherance of their projects. Since the outcome of a project depends authorization. Such authority should not be given unless the
on factors beyond the control of an engineer however, a successful engineer had direct supervision of the work.
outcome cannot be guaranteed by an engineer. The seal is not,
and should not be considered, a certiﬁcation mark or warranty APENS also allows licensees to use electronic seals. An
of correctness. According to the Supreme Court of Canada electronic seal is a facsimile of the impression produced by the
(Edgeworth Construction Ltd. v. N. D. Lea & Associates Ltd.), the rubber stamp in electronic format, either scanned or created as a
“seal attests that a qualiﬁed engineer prepared the document. It drawing object by a software program. The electronic facsimile
is not a guarantee of accuracy”. Instead, it should be considered must be identical in size, shape, and content to the seal created by the
a “mark of reliance”, an indication that others can rely on the fact rubber stamp. This impression has the same value as an impression
that the opinions, judgments, or designs in the sealed documents generated by the original of the seal. An engineer must at all times
were provided by a professional engineer held to high standards retain full control over the electronic version of his or her seal. An
of knowledge, skill and ethical conduct. engineer allowing another person to access an electronic seal could
be held liable for any use made of the seal by that person.
Every holder of an A.P.E.N.S. P.Eng. licence who provides
to the public a service that is within the practice of engineering The seal must be clear and legible when applied to the
shall sign, date and afﬁx the holder’s seal to every ﬁnal drawing, document, regardless of how it is applied. An electronic facsimile
speciﬁcation, plan report or other document prepared or checked of the seal may also include an electronic facsimile of the engineer’s
by the holder as part of the service before it is issued. handwritten signature. However, the engineer must maintain control
over the signed seal and must use appropriate security methods.
The term “ﬁnal document’ describes any record, written
or graphic, created for the purpose of transmitting information What to seal:
or instructions based on engineering expertise or judgement
that is intended to be relied on by others. In general, “ﬁnal” Engineers must seal all ﬁnal documents that are within the
means “ﬁnal for the purposes intended”. This distinguishes, for practice of professional engineering, provided as part of a service
example, drawings prepared for building permit submission from to the public. However, afﬁxing a seal to a document does not
construction drawings. Drawings submitted for building permits turn it into something that is “within the practice of professional
are ﬁnal for the purpose, even though they may not contain all of Engineering”. The content of the document determines whether it is
the detail required for construction. Both sets of drawings need to an engineering document. This includes all documents containing
THE ENGINEER P. 13
The P.Eng. Seal is What It’s All About - continued
engineering calculations, expressing engineering opinions, or Because electronic documents can easily be changed and
giving instructions based on engineering judgement. copied with no obvious indication, engineering organizations
must have well documented processes to support the authenticity
Seals must be afﬁxed to drawings, speciﬁcations or sketches and validity of documents with electronic signatures and seals.
accompanying change notices and site instructions, and studies Managing electronic documents in workﬂow and providing an audit
containing technical information or engineering direction. trail is vital to validating document authenticity. Consequently,
Engineers should also apply their seals to forms for government professional engineers responsible for sealing electronic documents
or regulatory authority use that speciﬁcally require a professional must ensure that their organizations adopt a method of creating,
engineer’s seal. archiving and distributing electronic format documents that will:
Reports providing technical information or engineering • control and protect the electronic facsimile of the seal and
direction to the user must be signed and sealed. Drawings bound signature;
into reports need not be sealed individually, provided the document • ensure document integrity, i.e. documents are not altered
itself is signed, sealed and dated. once signed, without undergoing the revision process;
In general, draft or preliminary documents should not be • allow veriﬁcation of the identity of the practitioner originating
sealed and should be clearly marked as “Draft”, “Preliminary”, “For the document.
Review Only”, “For Discussion”, “Not for Construction”, or some
other indication that the documents are not ready for anyone to rely Electronic documents can be issued for use only if the
on the contents. Professional engineers should closely control such authentication procedure maintains the integrity of the documents
documents and not release them to anyone who might depend on and the authenticity of the seal and signature. Document recipients
the validity of the contents. must, in turn, ensure they have a process to assure that a document
they receive has been authorized and has not been tampered
If it is necessary to sign and seal preliminary documents with.
(such as to fulﬁll the requirements of a regulatory agency), this
guideline’s recommendations for sealing ﬁnal documents should
be followed. Signed and sealed preliminary documents should be Ownership and Replacement of Seal:
clearly marked as incomplete and restricted to the particular use
for which the document was released. Every seal given to a licence holder remains the property
of APENS. The engineer to who it is issued has exclusive use
of it for as long as he or she is a member in good standing of the
Electronic Documents: association. The seal must be returned to APENS upon retiring or
resigning as a member.
Nova Scotia law gives legal recognition to electronic
documents, even in cases where the document exists only in If your seal is lost or stolen, notify the association
electronic format. It deﬁnes electronic documents as documents immediately.
“created, recorded, transmitted or stored in digital form or in
other intangible form by electronic, magnetic or optional means Conclusion:
or by any other means that has capabilities for creation, recording,
transmission or storage similar to those means”. By this deﬁnition, The P.Eng. Seal is the distinctive mark of the professional
a drawing created using a computer-drafting package, a faxed copy engineer and signiﬁes for all to see that a particular practitioner
of a letter, and a report stored on a compact disk are all electronic is accepting professional responsibility for the engineering work
documents. Use of seals on electronic format documents is now described. It represents a “mark of reliance” that the engineer’s
allowed. This includes the use of scanned and electronically drawn work can be “relied” upon to be correct and in the best interests of
seals on electronic documents and scanned copies of sealed original the client and the public.
hardcopies. The principles applying to sealing paper documents
apply equally to engineering documents created, stored, distributed,
or used in electronic formats.
THE ENGINEER P. 14
From Exporting Natural Resources to Exporting
Engineering Intellectual Capital Submitted by: Dermot Mulrooney, M.Eng., P.Eng.
used in other countries is a great example of
this progressive economic evolution.
Her Honour, Mayann Francis, O.N.S.
will present the award to Alan Perry, M.Sc.,
P.Eng., President of CBCL Limited and his
colleagues during National Engineering
Week in the Red Chamber at the Provincial
CBCL’s design of the bridge-gantry
can be appreciated by referring to the
following photographs of its use in the
construction of a series of three automotive
bridges nearing completion which will
dramatically increase the capacity of a
highway system connecting Jerusalem and
Tel Aviv. The gantry had to be manipulated
to place box-girder with highway surface
longitudinal-slopes of up to 6% and a
cross-slope ranging from a 2% crown
cross-section to a 4% super-elevation; and
horizontal high-way design curves with
The 2007 APENS Lieutenant For many years the economy of Nova curve radiuses varying from 600 to 800
Governor’s Award for Scotia was built upon the export of natural metres. The bridge spans range from 40
Excellence in Engineering resources. This situation has evolved to metres to 75 metres. The individual
where engineering intellectual property can concrete box-girders pre-cast segments
A jury panel consisting of three be exported to the world market. CBCL’s weigh up to 85 tonnes.
senior APENS Professional Engineers efforts to design engineering projects in
has determined that CBCL Limited is the Nova Scotia that are then constructed and continued on next page
winner of the 2007 APENS Lieutenant
Governor’s Award for Excellence in
Engineering. The award is for CBCL’s
design of a self-launching bridge erection
gantry, which is currently being used to
construct three post-tensioned box-girder
bridges in Israel.
Bridge gantries themselves are not
new but in this application the gantry
moves itself onto the pre-constructed
bridge piers and then manipulates both
horizontally and vertically to put in place
post-tensioned concrete box girders as it
moves along the tops of the piers. The
placement of the box-girders is carried
out symmetrically from the piers to avoid
unbalanced loading during construction.
THE ENGINEER P. 15
Among the unique applications of
structural engineering in the construction
of the bridges is that the gantry erects box-
girder segments outwards in both directions
from the bridge piers symmetrically to
maintain balanced cantilevers from each
pier which eliminates large unbalanced
loadings and the unnecessary high stresses
during the construction phase. The box-
girders are post-tensioned to complete the
CBCL Limited is to be congratulated
both for its unique design of the bridge
gantry and also for its efforts to export Nova
Scotia engineering expertise worldwide.
Meet the new Zone Representative
for the Colchester Zone
Oliver Browning, P.Eng.,
was born and raised in Truro,
Nova Scotia, and is currently
a Civil and Structural Engineer
within Horner Associates Ltd.
in Truro. He has acquired
over 10 years experience
within the engineering and
construction industries. He is
a graduate from the University
of New Brunswick holding
a bachelor’s degree in Civil
in structural engineering.
Since Oliver joined Horner
Associates Limited, he has
applied his structural and
civil engineering skills and expertise to a variety of building
design, civil, municipal, and structural projects. Prior to joining
Horner Associates Ltd., Oliver has worked in design, engineering,
and project management capacities for many structural and pre-
engineered building projects, as well as civil, municipal, design-
build, and agricultural projects locally and all over the Atlantic
provinces for Eastern Canadian Structures Ltd., D A Browning &
Associates Inc., and RKO Steel Ltd. Oliver is also an instructor
for AutoCAD training and conducts training courses for clients
of the Fundy Training Group in Truro, Nova Scotia. Oliver
recently volunteered to replace Glenn Ross, P.Eng., as the APENS
Representative for the Colchester Zone and is looking forward to
providing liaison between APENS and the area engineers. Oliver
can be reached at (902) 895-1507 during day hours or via email at
THE ENGINEER P. 16
Reproduced with Permission
The InfraGuide “Best Practice” for Selecting a Professional Consultant.
Operations and Maintenance (O & M)
“lt is unwise to pay too much, but it is worse The procurement of goods and services
to pay too little. When you pay too little, in the Canadian public sector is most
you sometimes lose everything because Construction often obtained through a public tendering
the thing you bought was incapable of process. Govemment purchases are
guided by policies designed to ensure
doing the thing you bought it to do.”
transparency and value. The product or
service is described in detail in a tender
John Ruskin (1819-1900)
document and sealed bids are invited.
Engineering The lowest bid normally receives the
This executive summary is excerpted
from The National Guide to Sustainable contract. This approach is not appropriate
Municipal Infrastructure: Best Practice for professional consulting services
for Selecting a Professional Consultant because it is frequently not possible to
and is reproduced with the permission of provide sufﬁcient detail about the services
There is a large body of knowledge on required to ensure that all ﬁrms are bidding
InfraGuide. InfraGuide is a collaboration
worldwide practices to select professional on equal footing. This is because part of the
of the Federation of Canadian
consultants. The most common method undertaking may be an exploration for the
Municipalities, Infrastructure Canada,
recommended is qualifications-based most appropriate solution.
the National Research Council and the
selection (QBS). This procedure facilitates
Canadian Public Works Association.
selection of professional consultants based The most appropriate solution is not
The quotation above by john Ruskin on their qualifications, experience and necessarily the cheapest design solution.
captures the reality faced by public ofﬁcials competence as it relates to a particular Furthermore, the consultant’s ability to
engaged in commissioning the services of assignment. The United States Brooks devise the most appropriate solution
professional consultants. Often, cheapest Act, enacted in 1972, requires all federal depends on expertise, training and, most
price gets mistaken for best value. The procurement of architectural and engineering importantly, experience. It follows that
need to re-introduce the concept of value services to incorporate QBS. Forty-seven purchasers wishing to identity the most
to consulting procurement was the impetus states and many local jurisdictions have appropriate solution should implement a
for this document. The best practice was adopted similar legislation since. Several selection process that:
written for four primary audiences: US studies are also referenced that support
QBS over traditional price-based methods, • Leads to the selection of the individual
Decision-makers - senior staff responsible including professional consulting services. or team that is best qualiﬁed to undertake
for administrative policy and processes; In Canada, many professional bodies the particular assignment, and
recommend qualiﬁcations-based methods,
Technical staff - those responsible for but the process is not widely used. Federal, • Employs the experience of this team to
implementing policy and administrative provincial and local governments primarily develop the scope of services to ensure that
processes; use price-based methods. all opportunities for adding client value are
provided for within the project.
Procurement Staff and Auditors - staff
responsible for conducting or monitoring This approach does not preclude the
procurement processes; and consideration of price in the process.
Rather, it encourages consideration of
Policy-makers - primarily elected ofﬁcials. price within a more meaningful context
Adoption of this best practice will create a by bringing the fee into the equation
common ground of understanding between after the scope of work has been jointly
professional consultants and governments established and agreement reached with
seeking their services. The knowledge the top-ranked firm. Understanding the
that a fair and transparent process is being relative contribution to overall costs of 1)
used, in which all proponents re given engineering required to solve a problem,
proper consideration, should contribute 2) the cost of construction, and 3) the
to reducing hte tendency for consultants future operation and maintenance costs
to seek advantage by lobbyingsenior and of the solution, underlines why it is so
elected ofﬁcials. important to start with the “right” or “best”
THE ENGINEER P. 17
“Engineering design” typically represents 1 to 2 percent of Accessing the “Best Practice”
the overalilifecycle cost of a project, with construction accounting
for approximately 6 to 18 percent of the cost. All the rest-80 to 93 Electronic versions of the “Best Practice” for Selecting a
percent of the lifetime asset cost-is accounted for by operations, Professional Consultant are available free of charge at www.
annual and capital maintenance and decommissioning. This cost infragulde.ca. Click on “Published Best Practices” (Registration
relationship is apparently well understood by engineers working in may be required and it will be free for the next several months).
the public sector, but its consequences may not be applied during the
tendering process. The appeal of the lowest-price design solution
appears to override the value that can be gained from considering
Best Practice Principles
This Best Practice incorporates principles that ensure a sound and
fundamentally fair process and one that will achieve the goal of
adding the greatest value for the client.
Recommended Best Practice
The recommended consultant selection practice is a competitive
qualiﬁcations-based process that is principle- based and meets the
• selecting a consultant who is best qualified for a
speciﬁc project, and
• providing a client the benefit of the consultant’s skill,
knowledge and experience to jointly develop a scope of
services that considers all opportunities for adding value.
The recommended method encourages clients to view consultants
as “trusted advisors” who share their priorities and interest in
achieving the best outcomes for their project. The best practice
diverges from price-based selection practices in that it frees
consultants to demonstrate how they can add maximum value to a
client’s project rather than focusing on how to minimize their fees
to ‘win’ an assignment.
Satisfaction with present price-based methods in Canada
suggests leadership to adopt this best practice will not generally
come from within municipal or other governments. Only when
some jurisdictions begin to use the best practice, and promote APENS Members - HOCKEY
its benefits, will others do so. The first step to convincing
municipal and other governments of the beneﬁts of applying the The Cape Breton Engineering Hockey team is
recommended method will be a broad initiative that enlists the entered into the annual Engineering Hockey
support of those jurisdictions that have used and beneﬁted from its Tournament and are looking for players. The
use, as well as industry, professional and educational leaders.
tournament is being held in St. John’s NFLD
on April 13th to 15th. Any interested players
can contact Donnie Anderson at Donnie.
Anderson@storaenso.com or Bruce Latimer
at email@example.com. Early booking is
required as apparently seats are limited and
so that accomodations can be ﬁnalized.
THE ENGINEER P. 18
SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS - WE NEED YOUR HELP!
Are you familiar with Canada-Wide Science Fair? It is the senior categories, they will need to stay a little later (perhaps 7.30
Annual National High School Science Fair, which next May will pm, supper provided) to assist with ﬁnalizing results for their
be held at NSAC in Truro. category.
The fair is the culmination of a year long process that starts May 16 (Wednesday) is the Automotive Division and
with about ½ million students exhibiting science fair projects at Sponsored Awards Judging Day. The breakfast will again begin
the school level. [This event is bigger than hockey!] The next about 7:30 am. Almost all judges will be able to leave by 4pm.
level sees about 25,000 winners exhibit their projects at about Lunch and snacks will be provided throughout the day.
100 regional fairs. These participants range from Grade 7 to the A comment made by one of the judges, at the 2005 fair held
Grade 12/CÉGEP II level. Then, about 450 national ﬁnalists, in Vancouver, summarizes what many judges felt about judging at
from every province and territory, participate in the national one- the CWSF. He said, “Two days of judging at the CWSF is better
week program. During this time the participants have a fun ﬁlled than two weeks of holidays. I feel totally rejuvenated!”
program of events and tours. The highlight of the fair is the judging
of the projects, where participants compete for national honours Come and feel the excitement!
and for more than $250,000 in scholarships and awards. Teams of We need your help, so that Truro, Nova Scotia and the
volunteer professionals from the academic, educational, health, Maritime Region can show the rest of the country that it has a
engineering and business communities will judge the students work scientiﬁc community that supports young people in their endeavors
to determine the depth of their scientiﬁc knowledge and their ability to excel in all ﬁelds of science and engineering. A support which is
to communicate their ﬁndings to both the judges and the public. at least equal to that enjoyed by students, when the CWSF is held
This is where you ﬁt into the picture! in central and western Canada.
Altogether, we will need about 450 judges for CWSF 2007. Please volunteer your time by completing the form found
The Goal is to match highly qualiﬁed judges with student projects in on the APENS website at www.apens.ns.ca under the Events
their general area of specialty. The projects will be judged in seven section.
divisions: automotive, biotechnology, earth and environmental
sciences, engineering and computing sciences, health sciences,
life sciences, and physical and mathematical sciences. Judges who
speak French ﬂuently are particularly needed; as we expect about
50 projects will have francophone-only student exhibitors.
The time commitment for judging is modest. Judges can
commit to either one day or two. Many volunteers traditionally
judge projects on both days. There will be a Judges Orientation
meeting and a viewing of the projects. A Judges Banquet will be When quality means everything.
held on the Wednesday evening. When performance counts more than ever.
When safety is number one.
May 15 (Tuesday) is the Divisional Judging Day, for gold/ Ask for only certified technology professionals.
silver/ bronze/honourable mention for scientiﬁc merit. The buffet
breakfast will begin about 7:30 am and for most judges, judging ✓ CET Certified Engineering Technologist
will be completed by about 5 pm (lunch and snacks provided). If ✓ AScT Applied Science Technologist
an individual is a Team Captain for one of the junior/intermediate/
✓ C.Tech Certified Engineering Technician
These designations are your assurance the bearer has
completed training that meets the Canadian
Technology Standards, has at least two years of work
experience, and is bound by a professional code of
Certify Your Success!
For a list of certified technology professionals in
Nova Scotia, please visit www.technova.ca
or call 1-888-723-8867
TechNova is the Society of Certified Engineering Technicians
and Technologists of Nova Scotia
THE ENGINEER P. 19
APENS Student Affairs Committee Update Engineering and Public Policy……Should
The Student Affairs Committee (SAC) has been busy working
there by Any Connection?
with the APENS National Engineering Week Committee to once
Should a regulatory body for the Profession of Engineering
again organize events for National Engineering Week. These
offer public comments on public policy issues that involve the
events help promote engineering to students as well as the general
signiﬁcant application of engineering principles?
There are many current Nova Scotia public policy debates
Professional / Student Networking Luncheon
where technical matters are of central importance. Some examples
There will be a free networking pizza luncheon on Wednesday,
of these public policy issues include:
March 7th, 2007 from 11:30 to 1:00 at the Alumni Lounge at the
Sexton Campus of Dalhousie University. All engineering students
1) environmental sustainability;
and engineers are encouraged to attend. Last year’s event was
2) energy diversiﬁcation;
a great success so we are looking forward to hosting this event
3) risk analysis and communication systems;
4) technology innovation and economic development; and
5) global warming.
For the engineers, it is a great venue to celebrate our
profession with fellow engineers and to meet the engineering
An argument has been made that says let engineers do
students who will be the engineers of tomorrow. These students
the engineering (they are good at that) but don’t let them near
are always keen to network and talk to engineers in the workforce.
public policy debates or major societal matters in the Province.
Please make an effort to attend this fun event! There will be draw
There is an opposite position that can be argued which states that
prizes for those who attend. For more information or to register,
persons with ﬁrst-rate analytical and technical capabilities can also
contact Virginia MacQuarrie at firstname.lastname@example.org.
have at the same time a full understanding of the public policy
components involved in societal decision making to proceed in
Public Information Session
a speciﬁc direction. Whether Nova Scotia can build a long-term
SAC, in corporation with APENS and Dalhousie University
sustainable society is open to question but it is more likely that we
Faculty of Engineering, is organizing a display celebrating the
will if professional engineers “have their legs under the decision
engineering profession at the MicMac Mall, Dartmouth, Bay Court
Area on Saturday, March 3, 2007 from 9 to 4.
Nova Scotia’s professional engineers must contribute to
Displays will include information about our profession,
public life in order to be fully self-fulﬁlled. The practice of the
APENS, and taking engineering at Dalhousie, as well as engineering
20th century - don’t let them get involved with public policy
student projects and some hands on activities for children to
debates - must be replaced with the “team” approach for public
introduce them to engineering. Everyone is invited to visit the
policy where the skills and abilities of Nova Scotia’s professional
displays. This year we are excited to have the Provincial Popsicle
engineers are at the public policy discussion table. Not to do so
Stick Bridge Junior High School Challenge at this event.
would sell us short!
Egg Drop Competitions
Once again SAC is coordinating and taking part in the
egg drop competitions for Grade 9 students across the province.
Volunteer engineers and engineering students will be traveling
to junior high schools throughout Nova Scotia to challenge the
students to design and build an apparatus to protect a raw egg
from breaking after a three meter vertical drop. To make things
more interesting, students are given a set amount of play money
to purchase materials, which include paper towel, Styrofoam
cups, tooth picks, scotch tape, elastic bands and cotton balls. The
most cost-effective apparatus that protects the egg from breaking
Volunteers are always needed to run these fun events as well
as other events organized through APENS and the Student Affairs
Committee. If you are interested in helping out, please contact
Christine Bonnell-Eisnor at email@example.com or
902-425-4072 to volunteer.
Certiﬁcate of Compliance & Sole Practitioner
To Request an Electronic Version of our
Firms Membership - Nov -Dec 2006
Companies Issued a Certiﬁcate of Compliance
Banerjee & Associates Ltd. 10980
APENS has available an on-line Publications Gaz Metro 32542
Library which includes updated issues of the Gemtec Ltd. 32991
Henderson Paddon & Assoc. Ltd. 33064
APENS Newsletter THE ENGINEER. To save Jenike & Johanson 32993
costs and help the environment you can receive Millennium Engineering Ltd. 32099
an email notiﬁcation when the most current issue NORR Limited Architects & Engineers 32848
Rooney Irving & Associates 32989
of the APENS Newsletter THE ENGINEER is The Shaw Group 17830
available on the APENS Website. The Email Viceroy Homes Ltd. 33047
W.F. Baird & Associates Coastal Engineers Ltd. 33048
notice will include a link to the location of the
Current Issue of the APENS Newsletter. If you New Sole Practitioners Co. #
are interested in this service please include your Ackison Holdings Inc. 33052
name and email address in an email directed Alemdar Construction Management Services 33059
AMA Eng. Ltd. 33024
to Alison Ward at firstname.lastname@example.org. Axium inc. 33034
requesting your Electronic Version of THE Berrigan Surveys Limited 31475
ENGINEER. C. W. Blight Enterprise Inc. 33059
Cambridge Medical Eng. Ltd. 32054
Consolidated Fluid Power Ltd. 26800
Eng. Compliance Management - Atlantic 33023
GEOMAP Surveying & Engineering Inc. 33061
Glen Adams, P.Eng. 33053
OG Structure Systems Inc. 33033
SWS Engineering Inc. 33049
Vipinchandra Acharya, P.Eng. 33051
Webster Engineering Consulting 33063
Please Note: Any ofﬁce of a ﬁrm is required to hold a Certiﬁcate
of Compliance when providing engineering services to the public
of Nova Scotia. For further information, please contact the
Professional Practice Division.
Dermot Mulrooney, M.Eng. P.Eng., Dir. of Professional Practice
Ph: 902-491-1202 or email: email@example.com. or Patricia J.
Hanson, Enforcement/Compliance Ofﬁcer, Ph: 902-491-1203 or
APENS Registration Page: October 2006 - December 2006
REGISTRATIONS Engineers-in-Training Licence to Practice MacLeod, Heather A.
P.Eng. Bishop, Geoffrey A. Albazi, Karam MacNaughton, Alan W.
Bell, Cory T. Brake, Joy C. Bishara, Jack Mang, Clint M.
Bishop, Donald P. Brooks, Su-Ling Dixon, Douglas G. Morehouse, Donald W.
Chater, Fouad Caldwell, Aaron T. Gérin-Lajoie, Bernard Neary, Scott D.
Cormier, Randy T. Campbell, Mark A. Ianniciello, Patrick P. Yazdanmehr, Saeid
Dickson, Craig L. Covill, Alistair B. Jodoin, Robert
Donahue, Laura K. Dakowah, Emmanuel K. Jonus, Edward S. Engineers-in-Training
Donahue, Peter J. Decoste, Luke A. Kolberg, Mark O. Babineau, Francis
Fakhri, Ghada Fougere, Neil T. Marceau, Pascal
Giles, Stephen C. Gillis, Patricia L. Moore, David B. Licence to Practice
Goora, Claude C. Harding, Jeffrey A. Reysset, Jean-Francois Agbayani, Nestor A.
Kelly, Roderick J. Hughes, Julie Ruddick, Christopher J. Boudreau, Michel D.
Locke, Stephen D. Langille, Catherine J. Stan, Codrut-Laurentiu Kozak, Ronald W.
MacDonald, Vaughn M. Langille, Jason E. Williams, Kevin R.
MacKay, Gregory W. Lillehovde, Stian Wu, Po-Hung P. Engineers-in-Training
MacRae, Bradley V. MacDougall, Marc B. Zandstra, Johannes B. Removed from the Register
Marsh, Darren W. Migas, Christos G. Gobeil, Jean-Philippe
Ni, Shaoyu Mountain, Blair T. LTP Reinstatements MacVicar, David I.
Oldford, Daniel G. Porter, Scott R. Bailey, Charles M.
Paske, Logan M. Powell, Robert L. Gutierrez, Orlando N. DECEASED MEMBERS
Malo, Luc Bezanson, Gordon P.
Puri, Raj Kumar Richard, Jebb A.
Condon, Craig S.
Reimer, Brian J. Saad, Mohamed
Honorary Life Members Dicks, John B.
Ryan, Grant T. Stout, Lisa D.
Mulrooney, Dermot L. Donald H. Charles
Samostie, Alan D. Strapps, Thomas E.
Russell, Leslie T. Emmerson, Robert A.
Skinner, Dawne M. Taylor G. Benjamin W.
Wornell, E. Bruce Gramlewicz, Stephen
Sullivan, Philip Tosuner, Sevinc
Harrington, A. Russell
Wight, Robert F. Watters, Andrew D.
RESIGNED MEMBERS Johns, Arthur B.
Williams, Valerie A.
Engineers-in-Training P. Eng. LeBlanc, Cecil J.
P. Eng. Reinstatements Reinstatements Akhtar, Javed
Lechman, Michel Gagnon, Michael P. Clarke, John D.
Bennett, Peter R. MacKenzie, Steven P. Kilfoil, Stephanie A.
Sometimes the best legal solutions don’t travel in a straight line.
THE ENGINEER 22
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THE ENGINEER P. 24