Codex Alimentarius basic principles by sammyc2007

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									Codex Alimentarius
  - basic principles-

           Prof. Elisaveta Stikova
           M.D., Ph.D.
           School of Medicine
           University “ St. Cyril
           and Methodius” –
           Republic of Macedonia
The FAO/WHO International
Conference on Nutrition, 1992

 Recognized that:
access to nutritionally adequate and safe
 food is a right of each individual,
Food regulations… should fully take
 international standards of the Codex
Codex Alimentarius is:

 Latin term for
   “ Food Law” or
   “Food Code”
Codex Alimentarius Commission

FAO in 1961 and WHO 1963 passed
 Resolution to establish the Codex
 Alimentarius Commission,
Responsible for Joint FAO/WHO Food
 Standard Program.
Codex Objectives (1):

To protect the health of
To ensure fair practices in the
 food trade,
To coordinate all work regarding
 food standards,
Codex Objectives (2):

To determinate the priorities,
To initiate the preparation of
To publish the standards.
Codex Alimentarius Commission
– structure and management

The Executive Committee,
The Regional Coordinating
The Secretariat of the
The Executive Committee

3 Vice-Chairpersons,
7 Regional Representatives,
6 Regional Coordinators.
Regional Coordinating

6 Regional Committees – for Africa,
 Asia, Europe, Latin America&Caribbean,
 North America & Southwest Pacific, Near
Responsible for defining the problems and
 needs of the region
Responsible for coordination of activities.
The Secretariat of the

 Responsible for:
Formulation and development of
 FAO/ WHO standards,
Administrative support to the
Relations with the National Codex
 Contact Point.
Subsidiary bodies of the Codex
Alimentarius Commission:

Codex Committees:
  Codex committees for general
  Committees for special types of
   foodstuff products.
Ad-hoc Intergovernmental Special
 Work Groups.
Codex Committees on
general issues (1) :

1. Codex Committee on General
2. Codex Committee on Food
3. Codex Committee on Methods of
   Analysis and Sampling,
Codex Committees on
general issues (2):

4. Codex Committee on Food Hygiene,
5. Codex Committee on Pesticide
6. Codex Committee on Food Additives
   and Contaminants,
Codex Committees on
general issues (3):

7. Codex   Committee on Import -
   Export Inspection and Certification
8. Codex Committee on Nutrition and
   Foods for Special Dietary Uses,
9. Codex Committee on Residues of
   Veterinary Drugs in Foods,
Product Committees(1):

1. Codex Committee on Cocoa
   Products and Chocolates,
2. Codex Committee on Sugars,
3. Codex Committee on Pocessed Fruit
   and Vegetables,
4. Codex Committee on Fats and Oils,
Product Committees(2):

5. Codex Committee on Meat and
   Polutry Hygyene,
6. Codex Committee on Fish and
   Fishery products,
7. Codex Committee on Fresh Fruit
   and Vegetables,
Product Committees(3):

8. Codex Committee on Milk and Milk
9. Codex Committee on Natural Mineral
10.Codex Committee on Vegetable Proteins,
11.Codex Committee on Cereals, Pulses and
 Ad-hoc Intergovernmental
 Codex Special Groups for:

biotechnologically produced food,
animal feeds,
fruit juices.
Codex Alimentarius Commision

 Highest priority:
Formulation of commodity and
 general standards
Codex Standards include (1):

Scope of the standard,
Description of the standard,
Basic structure and quality factors,
Weights and measures,
Codex Commodity Standards
include (2):

Food additives,
Methods for analysis.
Structure and contents of
Codex Alimentarius:

Codex Alimentarius is composed of
 14 volumes distributed in 17 books
Each book (by group of products)
 contains standards, guidelines...

 237 Food Standards,
 43 Codes of Practice,
 33 Guidelines,
 197 Pesticides evaluated,
3274 Limits for pesticides residues,
 289 Limits of veterinary drug residues,
1300 Food additives evaluated.
Structure and contents of
Codex Alimentarius (1):

Volume one A - General Requirements,
Volume one B - General
 Requirements (Food Hygiene),
Volume two A - Pesticide Residues in
 foods (General texts)
Volume two B - Pesticide Residues in
 Foods (Maximal Residue Limits)
Structure and contents of
Codex Alimentarius (2):

Volume three - Residues of Veterinary
 Drugs in Foods,
Volume four - Foods for special dietary
Volume five A - Processed and Quick-
 Frozen Fruits and Vegetables
Structure and contents of
Codex Alimentarius (3):

Volume five B - Fresh fruits
 and vegetables,
Volume six – Fruit Juices,
Volume seven - Cereals, Pulses
 and Vegetable Proteins
Volume eight - Fats and Oils and
 Related Products
Structure and contents of
Codex Alimentarius (4):

Volume nine - Fish and Fishery
Volume ten – Meat and Meat
 Products; Soups and Broths,
Volume eleven - Sugars, Cocoa
 Products and Chocolate and
 Miscellaneous Products,
Structure and contents of
Codex Alimentarius (5):

Volume twelve - Milk and Milk
Volume thirteen - Methods of
 Analysis and Sampling
Volume fourteen -
Transparency of Codex

Information for all the standards,
regulations, guides and other
recommendations are available on
the web page
    National Codex
    Contact Points function:

Relation between the Secretariat and
 the member countries,
Coordination of all relevant Codex
 activities in their own country,
Acceptance of all final Codex – texts
 (standards, guidelines, advisory

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