Biography: 20th Century Icons Each slide of the Powerpoint represents a different 20th century icon. Below is a question which extends your look at each of the people. Answer each question fully using complete sentences. Hopefully each question has been constructed so that you must answer it with 3‐5 sentences, or with a series of answers if it is a multi‐part question. Also, try and make sure your numbered answer matches up with the slide you're viewing. Slide 1: Title page: What does the term ‘icon’ mean when referring to people? Slide 2: John F. Kennedy was president at a pivotal point in our history. The Cold War with the Soviet Union, Civil Rights, and Vietnam were just a few of the issues he would be forced to deal with. One of the lighter issues he dealt with was our entry into the space race. What was President Kennedy’s policy/ideas on our entry into the space race? Were there any space milestones for the U.S. during Kennedy’s presidency? Slide 3: How did Bill Gates get his start in the computer world? What was his first ‘invention’? Who can get money from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation? Slide 4: Tons is known about Einstein’s scientific genius. Give a brief background to the man behind the genius. Marriage? Children? Education? His family? Slide 5: What was some of the work Golda did while living in Palestine before the creation of the state of Israel? Was what she did important to the creation of Israel? Be specific here. Slide 6: Look into the creative side of Wright. What made his buildings so advanced for their time? What kind of design elements did he use to create his buildings? Why is he considered one of the world’s great architects? These are questions which hopefully lead you to discover the why Wright was such a genius at architecture. Slide 7: Find one of Churchill’s war speeches. Read and write a synopsis of the speech telling this reader what you thought of what Churchill had to say. Slide 8: What key role did FDR have in pulling the United States out of the Great Depression? Slide 9: Write a paragraph on the background of Gandhi before he became a leader in Indian history. Slide 10: How did Oprah get her start in show business? How did she become the star of her own TV show? How does she use her fame to help others? Slide 11: What landed Mandela in jail? How long was he there? How did he get out? Was he still active in politics even while locked up? Slide 12: How are popes selected? Who can be pope? Where do popes live? 2 Slide 13: What was Ben‐Gurion’s pivotal role in the creation of the state of Israel? Slide 14: What is Glastnost? What was Gorbachev’s role in Glastnost? Slide 15: What were the ideals behind the Nazi Party? Explain the draw these ideas may have had to the German public. Slide 16: Develop a timeline for the October Revolution. Be sure to include enough dates on your timeline to make it understandable. Slide 17: Give a background and details for the Russian purges of the 1930's. Be specific. Slide 18: Ronald Reagan was a movie star before becoming President. Give some background to his movie and TV career, including films and any awards he may have won. Slide 19: What was Sanger's reasoning behind the push for readily available contraception? What were some of the tactics she used to make contraception available to as many women as needed it? Slide 20: Lech Walesa was a leader when Poland needed a leader. Give a rundown on Walesa's background up until he became the leader of Poland. Slide 21: Explain the Boxer Rebellion and some of the key players in this civil war. Slide 22: What has been Margaret Thatcher's role in English politics since 1990? Slide 23: What awards has the animated feature films of Disney gathered? Slide 24: Explain how a franchise system works in the U.S. Give details for getting fast food franchise like McDonald's. Slide 25: Give a more detailed background to Ray Kroc before he started McDonald's. Slide 26: Explain what is meant by the "star system" Mayer created in Hollywood. Slide 27: Sam Walton left behind a fortune. How much? Who got what after he died? Who's the head of Wal‐Mart now? Slide 28: What is the Cubist movement? Who were/are some of the leading painters in Cubism? Slide 29: Find a different Spielberg film for each of these genres: a. Adventure e. Terrorism b. Biological Marvel f. Children's film c. Holocaust g. Classic Remake d. War h. Futuristic Look 3 Slide 30: What is the novel Ulysses about? Write a short synopsis. Slide 31: What styles of dance did Graham push for? How did she get her start in dance? Slide 32: What businesses are under the Chanel name? What are the main products for each of the divisions? Where is the main fashion house for Chanel fashions? Who is the main top designer currently for Chanel? Slide 33: One of the Eliot's friends during his years at Harvard was George Santayana. Who was Santayana? What were some of the ideas he was famous for? Slide 34: What synthetic pesticides did Carson propose we not use any more? Why were they such a problem? Are they used today? Slide 35: How did they go about the process of discovering DNA's structure? Was there a particular reason for the pairings of the nucleotides? What role did Rosalind Franklin actually have in the process? Slide 36: Define the following terms/term phrases: a. quantum theory b. particle physics c. synthetic element d. radioactivity Slide 37: How was penicillin first discovered by Fleming? Who produces penicillin today? What roles did Howard Flory and Ernst Chain play in the discovering of penicillin? Slide 38: What is cerebral palsy? What are the main symptoms of the disease? Who is affected by this disease? Treatments for cerebral palsy? Slide 39: How von Braun came to America is a very interesting spy‐type story. Write a 3‐5 sentence synopsis of von Braun's final spring as a German citizen. Slide 40: One of Goddard's experiments is with ion thrusters. What is an ion thruster and what would it be used for? What relationship was formed between Goddard and Charles Lindbergh? Slide 41: Define the following: a. macroeconomics b. microeconomics c. neoclassical economics d. capitalism e. economic recession Slide 42: Name discovery/area of expertise by/for each of the following Leakey family member. Be specific. a. Louis Leakey e. Richard b. David f. Colin Leakey c. Mary g. Meave Leakey 4 d. Louise Slide 43: What is polio? How is it transmitted? Who was most affected? Has the vaccine been effective? Are there outbreaks of polio today? What is the current treatment for polio? Slide 44: Define the following term(s): a. cognitive development b. epistemological Slide 45: Who were some of the early innovators of the modern airplane? What were they known for specifically as it relates to aircraft? Slide 46: Write short synopsis of the famous fight entitled "The Rumble in the Jungle." Slide 47: Where did Babe Ruth come from? How did he become one of the leading baseball players in history? What was his personal life like? Slide 48: What was Pele's career like? Why was he so popular? Slide 49: Where did the American Sign Language come from? How did Annie Sullivan break thru Helen's isolation to bring her the ability to communicate? Slide 50: What is the history of the Gallup poll? Who ranks ahead of Graham on this list of the most admired people of the 20th century? Slide 51: "The Diary of Anne Frank" is one of the most widely read books in schools. Can you discover if there has ever been any controversy over the teaching of this book? Slide 52: Lindbergh's early life was marked by world fame but his later life was marred by controversy. What was the controversy and scandal about Lindbergh and his family? Slide 53: What was the Women's Social and Political Union? What role did it play in getting women the right to vote? Slide 54: Write a synopsis of the Montgomery Bus Boycott and its role in the civil right's movement. Slide 55: What role did Sakharov have in the development of the hydrogen bomb? nuclear fusion reactor? Slide 56: How were leagues set up before Jackie joined the Dodgers? How about the first women's baseball league? Slide 57: Who are Sherpas? Why are they such great guides and mountain climbers in the Himalayans mountains? Slide 58: Marie Curie was given the Nobel prize twice. Which ones did she receive and for what accomplishments? How long did Curie work and how did she die? 5 Slide 59: Explain how the government of Cuba is set up. For example, who holds the power, who carries out the laws, how are laws created, etc. Slide 60: Develop a timeline for the events Jesse Jackson was prominent in during the major focus on Civil Rights here in the United States. Slide 61: Find a copy of King's "I Have a Dream" speech, read it, and write a short paragraph of your thoughts on what was said in the speech. Slide 62: What observations did Fossey make during her time with the gorillas as to their behavior and social structure? Slide 63: Cousteau had a multitude of adventures while exploring the world's oceans. He wrote many books and one of the quotes he is accredited with is the following: "When one man, for whatever reason, has an opportunity to lead an extraordinary life, he has no right to keep it to himself." What do you think is meant by this quote? Slide 64: Write on two of the theories historians have come up with on what happened to Earhart on that last flight. Slide 65: What is an obsessive‐compulsive disorder? What 'symptoms' of the disorder did Hughes manifest? Slide 66: How did Mata Hari 'spy out' the information to give to the enemy? In other words, how did she operate? Slide 67: Explain how the case of Brown vs. the Board of Education. What kind of affect did this case on how schools are run today? Slide 68: The last years of Oppenheimer's life were not easy ones. What happened to him after World War II? Slide 69: What happened to Jesse at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin? Slide 70: When you see Christie's name nowadays, you'll see the word Dame in front of it. What is a Dame according to British nobility 'guidelines'? How do you get to be a Dame? Slide 71: Find out what somebody paid for at least five of Warhol's works of art. List the name of the work along with the price and who bought it. Slide 72: Explain what exactly a black hole is, how they were created, where can you find them, etc. Slide 73: Who is currently on the list of the FBI's Ten Most Wanted and why are they on that list? 6 Slide 74: Explain how power is held in the Chinese government. Who is the highest authority: chair of the communist party or president of China? Slide 75: What name brand products has Michael Jordan been associated with during his career? Can you find out what he was paid for endorsing just one of these products? Slide 76: Give an timeline of Tiger's life until he won his first Master's Tournament. Slide 77: There are four posters for four of Lloyd Webber's musicals. How much money have each of these four musicals made since he first wrote them? Slide 78: What is a fullerene? What are they used for? Slide 79: Which four halls of fame has Elvis been inducted into? For what reasons? Slide 80: What is the procedure for becoming a nun in Mother Theresa's order? Slide 81: What is a fusor and what could it be used for? Slide 82: How did Jobs and Wozniak go about getting their first Apple computer built and into production? Slide 83: How exactly did Buffet acquire his wealth? What companies does he own? How much is he worth? Who's going to get his money when he's gone, if you can find this out? Slide 84: What exactly does an economist do for a living? What jobs did Greenspan have before becoming Chairman of the Federal Reserve that made him qualified for that particular job? Slide 85: Why was Kissinger awarded the Nobel Peace Prize? How does actually go about getting a Nobel Peace Prize? Explain the criteria involved in receiving this prize. Slide 86: Read a Dr. Seuss book and write a short synopsis of what the book is about. Slide 87: Find a review of one of the Harry Potter books and condense what the reviewer had to say about the book into just 3‐4 sentences using your own words. Slide 88: Explain exactly what "The Battle of the Sexes" was all about and what was the outcome of the event. Slide 89: List the records Hank Aaron held, how long he held them, and who broke those records. Slide 90: Write a little bit about Cosby's early life and how he broke into show business. Slide 91: What was RFK's role in the Civil Rights movement of the 1960's? Slide 92: What were the five top selling albums for the Rolling Stones? How much did each of them earn? How many copies of each of them were sold? 7 Slide 93: What was Kahlo's personal life like? Did she have children? What about her marriage? Get a National Enquirer scoop on Frida! Slide 94: Explain the relationship Walker had/has with her daughter. It's very interesting! Slide 95: How many of Steinbeck's novels have been made into movies? How many times has Of Mice and Men been remade? Who starred as Lenny and George in the last three versions of Of Mice and Men? Slide 96: Explain exactly what surrealism is as an art movement. Besides Dali who are some other well‐known surrealist painters? Slide 97: Selassie condemned the use of chemical weapons against his country. How were they used against his people? What exactly are chemical weapons and how have the been used in the last 50 years against people? Slide 98: What is meant by the term Nasserism? What is Infitah? What were the reasons given for the assassination of Sadat? Slide 99: What are the reasons behind the feminist movement in America? Have the original goals and Steinem and others like her been realized for the women in the U.S.? Slide 100: What has Goodall discovered about how chimpanzee societies are set up? Slide 101: Julia Child came to French cooking later in life. What did she do before going to cooking school in France? What about her personal life, especially her marriage? Slide 102: THE END!!
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