Being GREEN at home and at work… Amanda Gourgue, CMP email@example.com Agenda Introduction about Meeting Revolution and ME! Definitions Ways of being green at home and at work Individual and Group Work Wrap Up Additional Questions and Answers Amanda Gourgue, CMP Definitions • Energy Star • LEED • CSR • Sustainability • Biodegradable • Non-toxic • Organic Definitions: Energy Star • ENERGY STAR is a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy helping us all save money and protect the environment through energy efficient products and practices. • Results are already adding up. Americans, with the help of ENERGY STAR, saved enough energy in 2007 alone to avoid greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to those from 27 million cars — all while saving $16 billion on their utility bills. Let’s simplify…. 27 million cars – Enough cars to fill the Packers Stadium for 81 seasons!!! $16 billion - $16,000,000,000!!!! That is almost 500,000 houses – That is enough electricity to run all the houses in Milwaukee, Madison, Green Bay and Appleton Definitions: LEED • Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design • US Green Building Council • Rating system: Certified, Silver, Gold, Platinum • New Construction, Existing Buildings, Core & Shell, Commercial Interiors, Healthcare, Schools, Retail, Homes and Neighborhood Development Definitions: CSR • Corporate Social Responsibility is a concept whereby organizations consider the interests of society by taking responsibility for the impact of their activities on customers, suppliers, employees, shareholders, communities and other stakeholders, as well as the environment. This obligation is seen to extend beyond the statutory obligation to comply with legislation and sees organizations voluntarily taking further steps to improve the quality of life for employees and their families as well as for the local community and society at large. • Environment, Workplace and Community Definitions • Sustainable: Capable of being continued with minimal long- term effect on the environment – Example: Bamboo is a sustainable product • Biodegradable: This unregulated term is meaningful only if it specifies the amount of time it takes for the product to decompose, as most substances will eventually biodegrade over time given the right conditions, such as sunlight. • Non-toxic: There is no official definition or third-party verification for this claim. Not meaningful. • Organic: Household cleaning products aren't regulated by the Organic Foods Production Act, but some of their ingredients, such as plant oils, can be labeled "certified organic." Home: Appliances • Energy Star Appliances – Washers: Cut water consumption by 40% – No Central Agitator: • Front-loaders tumble clothes through a small amount of water instead of rubbing clothes against an agitator in a full tub. Advanced top loaders use sophisticated wash systems to flip or spin clothes through a reduced stream of water. Both designs dramatically reduce the amount of hot water used in the wash cycle, and the energy used to heat it. – High Spin Speeds: • Efficient motors spin clothes two-three times faster during the spin cycle to extract more water. Less moisture in the clothes means less time and energy in the dryer. Home: Appliances • Dishwashers • Replacing a dishwasher manufactured before 1994 with an ENERGY STAR qualified dishwasher can save you more than $30 a year in utility costs. • ENERGY STAR qualified dishwashers use at least 41 percent less energy than the federal minimum standard for energy consumption. • ENERGY STAR qualified dishwashers use much less water than conventional models. Saving water helps protect our nation’s water supplies. • Because they use less hot water compared to new conventional models, an ENERGY STAR qualified dishwasher saves about $90 over its lifetime. • Helpful Hints: – Run your dishwasher with a full load. Most of the energy used by a dishwasher goes to heat water. Since you can’t decrease the amount of water used per cycle, fill your dishwasher to get the most from the energy used to run it. – Avoid using the heat-dry, rinse-hold and pre-rinse features. Instead use your dishwasher’s air-dry option. Home: Appliances • Refrigerators • ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerators require about half as much energy as models manufactured before 1993. ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerators provide energy savings without sacrificing the features you want. • ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerator models use high efficiency compressors, improved insulation, and more precise temperature and defrost mechanisms to improve energy efficiency. • ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerator models use at least 20% less energy than required by current federal standards and 40% less energy than the conventional models sold in 2001. • Remember, saving energy prevents pollution. In most households, the refrigerator is the single biggest energy consuming kitchen appliance. Replacing a refrigerator bought in 1990 with a new ENERGY STAR qualified model would save enough energy to light the average household for nearly four months. Home: Appliances • Refrigerator, continued… • Helpful Hints: – Position your refrigerator away from a heat source such as an oven, a dishwasher, or direct sunlight from a window. – To allow air to circulate around the condenser coils, leave a space between the wall or cabinets and the refrigerator or freezer and keep the coils clean. – Make sure the door seals are airtight. – Keep your refrigerator between 35 and 38 degrees Fahrenheit and your freezer at 0 degrees Fahrenheit. – Minimize the amount of time the refrigerator door is open. – Recycle older or second refrigerators. • Recycle My Old Fridge Campaign – More than 47 million fridges over ten years old in the U.S. – Recycle My Old Fridge is a new, nationwide effort by the U.S. Department of Energy and the government's ENERGY STAR program, RecycleMyOldFridge.com Home: Appliances • Bottom Line - $$$ • Energy Star Unit Conventional Unit Cost $1,100 $1,070 Annual Costs: Energy Costs $40 $46 Life Cycle Energy Cost: Energy Costs: $395 (5,293 KWh) $464 (6,228 KWh) Purchase Price: $1,100 $1,070 Total $1,140 $1,534 – Paid Back 4.3 yrs Air pollution reduction equivalence (cars of road) - .13 Air pollution reduction equivalence (acres of forest) - .18 US Households – 111,162,259 Every person replaces their refrigerator: 14,451,093 cars 20,009,206 acres of forest Home: Appliances • Bottom Line - $$$, continued… • Dishwasher Energy Star Unit Conventional Unit Annual Costs: Electricity $17 $24 Water $4 $5 Gas $7 $22 Energy Costs $28 $51 Life Cycle Energy Cost: Electricity $148 $209 Water $31 $47 Gas $65 $196 Total LC Energy Cost: $245 $452 Purchase Price: $545 $545 Total $790 $997 – Paid Back 0.0 yrs Home: Car & Other Engines • Gasoline & Electric Hybrid Car – Examples: Prius, Ford Escape Hybrid, Nissan Altima Hybrid, Lexus RX, etc… • How it works? – A gas-powered car has a fuel tank, which supplies gasoline to the engine. The engine then turns a transmission, which turns the wheels. – An electric car, on the other hand, has a set of batteries that provides electricity to an electric motor. The motor turns a transmission, and the transmission turns the wheels. – The hybrid is a compromise. It attempts to significantly increase the mileage and reduce the emissions of a gas- powered car while overcoming the shortcomings of an electric car. Home: Car & Other Engines • To be useful, a car must meet certain minimum requirements. The car should be able to: • Drive at least 300 miles (482 km) before re-fueling • Be refueled quickly and easily • Keep up with the other traffic on the road • A gasoline car meets these requirements but produces a relatively large amount of pollution and generally gets poor gas mileage. An electric car, however, produces almost no pollution, but it can only go 50 to 100 miles (80 to 161 km) between charges. And the problem has been that the electric car is very slow and inconvenient to recharge. • A gasoline-electric car combines these two setups into one system that leverages both gas power and electric power. Home: Car & Other Engines • Parallel hybrid - has a fuel tank that supplies gasoline to the engine and a set of batteries that supplies power to the electric motor. Both the engine and the electric motor can turn the transmission at the same time, and the transmission then turns the wheels. • Series hybrid - the gasoline engine turns a generator, and the generator can either charge the batteries or power an electric motor that drives the transmission. Thus, the gasoline engine never directly powers the vehicle. Home: Car & Other Engines • Driving More Efficiently • Drive Sensibly – Aggressive driving (speeding, rapid acceleration and braking) wastes gas. It can lower your gas mileage by 33 percent at highway speeds and by 5 percent around town. • Fuel Economy Benefit: 5-33% • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.19-$1.23/gallon • Observe the Speed Limit – While each vehicle reaches its optimal fuel economy at a different speed (or range of speeds), gas mileage usually decreases rapidly at speeds above 60 mph. You can assume that each 5 mph you drive over 60 mph is like paying an additional $0.26 per gallon for gas. • Fuel Economy Benefit: 7-23% • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.26-$0.86/gallon Home: Car & Other Engines • Remove Excess Weight – Avoid keeping unnecessary items in your vehicle, especially heavy ones. An extra 100 pounds in your vehicle could reduce your MPG by up to 2%. The reduction is based on the percentage of extra weight relative to the vehicle's weight and affects smaller vehicles more than larger ones. • Fuel Economy Benefit: 1-2%/100 lbs • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.04-$0.07/gallon • Keeping Your Car In Shape • Keep Your Engine Properly Tuned – Fixing a car that is noticeably out of tune or has failed an emissions test can improve its gas mileage by an average of 4 percent, though results vary based on the kind of repair and how well it is done. Fixing a serious maintenance problem, such as a faulty oxygen sensor, can improve your mileage by as much as 40 percent. • Fuel Economy Benefit: 4% • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.15/gallon Home: Car & Other Engines • Check & Replace Air Filters Regularly – Replacing a clogged air filter can improve your car's gas mileage by as much as 10 percent. Your car's air filter keeps impurities from damaging the inside of your engine. Not only will replacing a dirty air filter save gas, it will protect your engine. • Fuel Economy Benefit: up to 10% • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: up to $0.37/gallon • Keep Tires Properly Inflated – You can improve your gas mileage by around 3.3 percent by keeping your tires inflated to the proper pressure. Under-inflated tires can lower gas mileage by 0.3 percent for every 1 psi drop in pressure of all four tires. Properly inflated tires are safer and last longer. • Fuel Economy Benefit: up to 3% • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: up to $0.11/gallon Home: Car & Other Engines • Use the Recommended Grade of Motor Oil – You can improve your gas mileage by 1-2 percent by using the manufacturer's recommended grade of motor oil. For example, using 10W-30 motor oil in an engine designed to use 5W-30 can lower your gas mileage by 1-2 percent. Using 5W-30 in an engine designed for 5W-20 can lower your gas mileage by 1-1.5 percent. Also, look for motor oil that says "Energy Conserving" on the API performance symbol to be sure it contains friction-reducing additives. • Fuel Economy Benefit: 1-2% • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.04-$0.07/gallon Home: Car & Other Engines • Planning & Combining Trips • Commuting – If you can stagger your work hours to avoid peak rush hours, you'll spend less time sitting in traffic and consume less fuel. If you own more than one vehicle, drive the one that gets the best gas mileage whenever possible. Consider telecommuting (working from home) if your employer permits it. If possible, take advantage of carpools and ride-share programs. You can cut your weekly fuel costs in half and save wear on your car if you take turns driving with other commuters. Many urban areas allow vehicles with multiple passengers to use special High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes. • Traveling – A roof rack or carrier provides additional cargo space and may allow you to meet your needs with a smaller car. However, a loaded roof rack can decrease your fuel economy by 5 percent. Reduce aerodynamic drag and improve your fuel economy by placing items inside the trunk whenever possible. Avoid carrying unneeded items, especially heavy ones. An extra 100 lbs in the trunk reduces a typical car's fuel economy by 1-2 percent. Home: Car & Other Vehicles • The new regulations take effect in 2010 for gas-powered marine engines, and 2011 for lawn and garden equipment of 25 horsepower or less. • Engine makers will need cut 35 percent of hydrocarbon and nitrogen oxide emissions for lawn and garden equipment, in addition to the a 60 percent reduction that was implemented by regulations two years ago. The new engines are also expected to achieve a 45 percent reduction in fuel evaporative emissions. • The engines in recreational watercraft will need to meet a 70 percent reduction in hydrocarbon and nitrogen oxide emissions, a 20 percent reduction in carbon monoxide and a 70 percent reduction in fuel evaporative emissions. Home: Cleaning Supplies • KITCHEN • Countertops - For a ―soft scrub,‖ mix baking soda and liquid soap until you get a consistency you like. The amounts don’t have to be perfect. Make only as much as you need, as it dries up quickly. • Ovens - To clean extra-greasy ovens, mix together 1 cup baking soda and 1/4 cup of washing soda, then add enough water to make a paste; apply the paste to oven surfaces and let soak overnight. The next morning, lift off soda mixture and grime; rinse surfaces well (gloves are recommended as washing soda may irritate skin). • Microwave ovens - These can be cleaned with a paste made from 3 to 4 tablespoons of baking soda mixed with water. Scrub on with a sponge and rinse. • Cutting boards - Sanitize them by spraying with vinegar and then with 3 percent hydrogen peroxide. Keep the liquids in separate spray bottles and use them one at a time. It doesn’t matter which one you use first, but both together are much more effective than either one alone. Home: Cleaning Supplies • BATHROOM • Tub and tile cleaner - Mix 1 2/3 cup baking soda, 1/2 cup liquid soap, and 1/2 cup water. Then, as the last step, add 2 tablespoons vinegar (if you add the vinegar too early it will react with the baking soda). Immediately apply, wipe, and scrub. • A good all-purpose sanitizer - 2 teaspoons borax, 4 tablespoons vinegar, and 3 to 4 cups hot water in a spray bottle. For extra cleaning power, add 1/4 teaspoon liquid soap to the mixture. • Toilet bowl - Pour 1 cup of borax into the toilet before going to bed. In the morning, scrub and flush. For an extra-strength cleaner, add 1/4 cup vinegar to the borax. • Drains - Prevent clogged drains by using hair and food traps. To de-grease and sweeten sink and tub drains, pour 1/2 cup of baking soda down drain, followed by 1 cup vinegar; let bubble for 15 minutes; rinse with hot water. You might have to repeat the procedure more than once or leave the baking soda and vinegar to ―cook‖ overnight. Home: Cleaning Supplies • LIVING ROOM • General dusting - Best done with a damp cloth: Dry dusting simply stirs up dust and moves it around. • Furniture polish - Mix olive oil and vinegar in a one-to-one ratio and polish with a soft cloth. Or look in a health-food store for food-grade linseed oil, often called omega-3 or flaxseed oil, rather than the type found in hardware stores to finish furniture. Linseed oil sold for furniture use often contains dangerous petroleum distillates to speed evaporation. • Windows - Put 3 tablespoons vinegar per 1 quart water in a spray bottle. Some recommend using half vinegar and half water. For extra-dirty windows try this: 1/2 teaspoon liquid soap, 3 tablespoons vinegar, and 2 cups of water. Shake well. The best way to get streak-free windows? Use newspaper instead of paper towels to wipe them. Home: Cleaning Supplies • METAL POLISH • Brass, copper, bronze and aluminum - To remove tarnish, rub metal with sliced lemons. For tough jobs, sprinkle baking soda on the lemon, then rub. • Sterling silver - Put a sheet of aluminum foil into a plastic or glass bowl. Sprinkle the foil with salt and baking soda, then fill the bowl with warm water. Soak your silver in the bowl, and the tarnish will migrate to the aluminum foil. Rinse and dry the silver, then buff it with a soft cloth. • AIR FRESHENER • A simple recipe of 1 teaspoon baking soda, 1 teaspoon vinegar (or lemon juice), and 2 cups hot water in a spray bottle can be spritzed in the air to remove odors. Home: Cleaning Supplies • FLOORS AND CARPETS • Linoleum - For extra grease-cutting, try this formula: 1/4 cup washing soda with 1 tablespoon of liquid soap, 1/4 cup vinegar, and 2 gallons hot water. Put the washing soda in the bucket first and add the liquid ingredients; that way the soda won’t splash out. Caution: Do not use this formula on waxed floors. • Sanitize floors - Add 2 gallons of hot water to 1/2 cup of borax. Put the borax in the bucket first, then add water slowly to avoid splashing. • Wood floors - Add 1 cup of vinegar per pail of hot water. • Carpeting and rugs - To soak up and eliminate odors, sprinkle baking soda over the surface of the carpet and let it stand for 15 to 30 minutes before vacuuming. Home: Cleaning Supplies • LAUNDRY • Laundry brightener - Add 1/2 cup of strained lemon juice during the rinse cycle. • Fabric rinse - Add 1/4 cup of white vinegar during the washing machine’s rinse cycle to remove detergent completely from clothes, eliminating that scratchy feel. (Note: This will not leave your clothes smelling like vinegar.) • Detergent booster - To reduce the amount of laundry detergent you need to use (especially if you have hard water ) add baking soda or washing soda. These minerals soften the water, which increases the detergent’s power. For liquid detergent, add 1/2 cup of soda at the beginning of the wash. For powdered detergent, add 1/2 cup of soda during the rinse cycle. • Bleach - Use hydrogen peroxide instead of chlorine bleach. • Dry cleaning - Many delicate ―dry clean only‖ items can be washed at home by hand. In general, it’s best to use cool water and a mild liquid soap. Squeeze or wring gently and lay flat to dry. Home: Cleaning Supplies • “Danger” refers to products that are corrosive, extremely flammable, highly toxic, or poisonous . Commercial toilet-bowl, oven, and drain cleaners often bear this label . • ―Caution” or “Warning” are catchall terms for many other hazards, so scan for specifics, such as ―Vapor harmful,‖ ―Causes burns,‖ or ―May be fatal or cause blindness if swallowed.‖ • “Irritants” refer to substances that cause injury or inflammation on contact. • “Corrosives” refer to chemicals that destroy tissue. • “Sensitizers” are ingredients that can cause allergic reactions and chronic adverse health effects that become evident only after continuing exposures. • “Chronic Health Hazards” may include effects ranging from sterility and birth defects to cancer. Home: Cleaning Supplies • •Nontoxic. This implies that the product will cause no harm to the consumer or environment. However, there is currently no standard definition for this term, and unless otherwise specified, there is no organization independently verifying the claim . • •Natural. Though widely found on commercial cleaning products, the term ―natural‖ doesn’t necessarily mean much. There’s no standard definition for this claim in industry, so manufacturers can use it as they please. What’s more, just because something is ―natural‖ doesn’t mean it’s less toxic, or non-irritating. Even cleaners that are safe enough to eat, like lemon juice, can be irritating to the eyes or skin. • •Environmentally friendly. While this label implies that the product or packaging has some kind of environmental benefit or that it causes no harm to the environment, there is currently no standard definition for the term. Unless otherwise specified, there is also no organization independently verifying this claim. • •Biodegradable. This term is somewhat meaningful, but it can be misleading. ―Biodegradable,‖ which implies that a product or its packaging will break down in nature in a reasonably short period of time, has been only loosely defined by the federal government. Home: Cleaning Supplies • Check the ingredient list. Since manufacturers are not required to list all the ingredients in their cleaning products, unless they are active disinfectants or known to be potentially hazardous, it can be difficult to know exactly what you’re buying. And bear in mind that unlike food package labels, when a cleaning product’s ingredients are listed, the order doesn’t necessarily represent relative amounts. Companies that claim to disclose their full list of ingredients include Ecover, Trader Joe’s and Seventh Generation. Home: Cleaning Supplies • Nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs). When they’re released into the environment, these chemicals can break down into toxic substances that can act as hormone disrupters, potentially threatening the reproductive capacity of fish, birds, and mammals. A recent U.S Geological Survey study found that 69 percent of streams tested in one Southeastern U.S. locale contained these potentially dangerous byproducts. Home: Cleaning Supplies • Antibacterials - Some may cause skin and eye irritation, and certain types, such as triclosan, now found widely in the environment , may cause environmental harm by contributing to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Recent studies have also suggested that triclosan could form dioxin, a carcinogen, in the presence of sunlight , and chloroform, a probable human carcinogen, in the presence of chlorinated water. What’s more, there’s a growing consensus that antibacterial household cleaners won’t keep you any safer from infectious illnesses than regular types. These findings may stem in part from the fact that most infections are caused by viruses, not bacteria. In fact, experts say, it’s not the type of cleaner that matters in combating germs, but the frequency and thoroughness of cleaning; plain soap and hot water are generally enough to do the job. Home: Cleaning Supplies • Ammonia - Poisonous when swallowed, extremely irritating to respiratory passages when inhaled; can burn skin on contact. Found in floor, bathroom, tile, and glass cleaners. • Butyl cellosolve (also known as butyl glycol, ethylene glycol, monobutyl) - Poisonous when swallowed and a lung tissue irritant. Found in glass cleaners and all-purpose cleaners. • Chlorine bleach (sodium hypochlorite) - Extremely irritating to the lungs and eyes. (Note: Never mix chlorine bleach products with ammonia. That produces a poisonous gas.) Sold by itself and found in a variety of household cleaners. • d-limonene - Can irritate the skin. Found in air fresheners. • Diethanolamine (DEA) & triethanolamine (TEA) - Can produce carcinogenic compounds, which can penetrate the skin when combined with nitrosomes, an often-undisclosed preservative or contaminant. Found in sudsing products, including detergents and cleaners. Home: Cleaning Supplies • Disinfectants - This a catchall term for a variety of active ingredients, including chlorine bleach, alcohol, quaternary compounds, and pine oil and ethyl alcohol. They are regulated by the EPA as pesticides and all have some health effects. Most can also cause problems in waterways by killing helpful bacteria. Found in a variety of household cleaners; many products that carry the ―antibacterial‖ label are also disinfectants. • •Fragrances - May cause watery eyes and respiratory tract irritation. Found in a variety of cleaners and air fresheners. • •Hydrochloric acid - Can severely burn skin, irritate eyes and respiratory tract. Found in toilet bowl cleaners. • •Naptha - Can cause headaches, nausea, and central-nervous- system symptoms with overexposure. Found in furniture and floor polish and glass cleaners. Home: Cleaning Supplies • Petroleum-based ingredients - Many ingredients are derived from petroleum, including some of those above such as APEs and naptha, and they’re commonly found in many cleaning products as surfactants. Other toxic ingredients derived from petroleum, including formaldehyde , can also be present at trace levels in cleaning products. Found in a variety of household cleaners. • •Phosphates - Can reach waterways and contribute to the overgrowth of algae and aquatic weeds, which can kill off fish populations and other aquatic life. Found in automatic dishwasher detergents and some laundry detergents. • •Sodium hydroxide (lye) - Corrosive and extremely irritating to eyes, nose, and throat and can burn those tissues on contact. Found in drain, metal, and oven cleaners. • •Sulfuric acid - Can severely damage eyes, lungs, and skin. Found in drain cleaners. Home: Cleaning Supplies • Green Works – Clorox • A natural resource qualifies as a renewable resource if it is replenished by natural processes at a rate that's equal to the rate of consumption by humans. The plant and mineral-based ingredients in Green Works™ cleaners use materials that come from a resource that is renewable. • A biodegradable material is something that has the ability to safely and relatively quickly break down biological into the raw materials of nature and disappear into the environment. Much of the ingredients used in Green Works™ natural cleaners are biodegradable helping to minimize the impact on the environment. • A sustainable product is something made from renewable resources, which means they can grow back quickly and can be harvested with minimal harm to the environment. Our goal with the entire line of Green Works™ natural cleaners is to use materials that are renewable. • Animals were not used to test the safety and efficacy of Green Works™ natural cleaning products. Home: Clothes • Clothing is not sustainable... so specifically buying clothing that tries to be more sustainable is a great idea. Re-use of clothing is the BEST option, this keeps items out of the landfill and saves all the resources that go into creating a new garment. • Denim Therapy www.denimtherapy.com to repair jeans... they look good as new at a fraction of the cost. • Getting hand me downs from friends is great as are second hand shops and eBay (you can get designer name children clothing at a fraction of the cost). • When buying new - Try to purchase clothing that is made with organic, natural and sustainable fabrics such as Organic Cotton, Bamboo, Silk, Hemp, PET (recycled from plastic bottles!). Home: Clothes • Organic: Many T-shirts and jeans are made from conventional cotton—one of the most pesticide-ridden crops around. And chemicals that don’t leach into the soil or water or get emitted as toxic gas can remain trapped in the clothing you’re wearing next to your skin. • Renewable: Bamboo grows fast and furious without any help from us. It can be woven into fabric that’s soft and silky—as well as naturally breathable and antibacterial. • Recyclable: Ideally, your garb won’t end up in a landfill when you tire of the style. Patagonia fleece is recyclable through the company’s Common Threads program, and most sneakers can be recycled via Nike’s Reuse-A-Shoe program. (If you can’t recycle something, donating or reselling is a greener option than trashing it.) • Socially Responsible: In most cases, how green clothing is made is given as much thought as what it’s made from. ―Sweatshop-free‖ apparel is more costly to produce—though that isn’t necessarily passed on to the consumer. • Green Practices: The greenest companies offer eco-friendly products and run eco-friendly businesses—powering their buildings with solar or wind energy, practicing recycling, and so on. Home: Clothes Recycled: Making clothing and accessories from existing materials requires far less energy and resources than doing so with virgin materials. Patagonia recycles polyester to create many of its base layers and jackets, while aGain NYC fashions its handbags and accessories from repurposed fabrics. Mined metals and petroleum-based plastics aren’t the only options for zippers and buttons Seatbeltbags.com Messenger Bag $168 Home: Composting • Studies show that home composting can divert 700 pounds of material per year from each household. • Yard waste and trimmings account for nearly 17% of municipal solid waste in the US. This waste consists of grass, leaves, tree, and brush trimmings - adding up to approximately 31 million tons each yr. • Approximately 6.7% of the municipal solid waste in the US is food scraps. While it may seem like a small percentage, it adds up to over 13.2 million tons per year. Compost is organic material that can be used as a soil amendment or as a medium to grow plants. Mature compost is a stable material with a content called humus that is dark brown or black and has a soil-like, earthy smell. It is created by: combining organic wastes (e.g., yard trimmings, food wastes, manures) in proper ratios into piles, rows, or vessels; adding bulking agents (e.g., wood chips) as necessary to accelerate the breakdown of organic materials; and allowing the finished material to fully stabilize and mature through a curing process. Home: Composting • What to compost: •Cardboard rolls •Hay and straw •Clean paper •Houseplants •Coffee grounds and filters •Leaves •Cotton rags •Nut shells •Dryer and vacuum cleaner lint •Sawdust •Eggshells •Shredded newspaper •Fireplace ashes •Tea bags •Fruits and vegetables •Wood chips •Grass clippings •Wool rags •Hair and fur •Yard trimmings Home: Composting • What NOT to compost: • Black walnut tree leaves or twigs – Releases substances that might be harmful to plants • Coal or charcoal ash – Might contain substances harmful to plants • Dairy products (butter, egg yolks, milk, sour cream, yogurt) – Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and flies • Diseased or insect-ridden plants – Diseases or insects might survive and be transferred back to other plants • Fats, grease, lard, or oils – Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and flies • Meat or fish bones and scraps – Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and flies • Pet wastes (e.g., dog or cat feces, soiled cat litter) – Might contain parasites, bacteria, germs, pathogens, and viruses harmful to humans • Yard trimmings treated with chemical pesticides – Might kill beneficial composting organisms Home: Composting • All composting requires three basic ingredients: • Browns—Includes materials such as dead leaves, branches , twigs • Greens—Includes materials such as grass clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps, and coffee grounds • Water • Select a dry, shady spot near a water source for your compost pile or bin. • Before you add your brown and green materials, make sure larger pieces are chopped or shredded. • Cover your composting area with a 6-inch layer of brown materials. • Add a 3-inch layer of green materials and a little soil or finished compost. • Lightly mix the two layers above. • Top with a 3-inch layer of brown materials, adding water until moist. • Turn your compost pile every week or two with a pitchfork to distribute air and moisture. Move the dry materials from the edges into the middle of the pile. Continue this practice until the pile does not re-heat much after turning. • Your compost will be ready in one to four months, but let the pile sit for two weeks before using. Home: Electricity • AVG/DAY – Allows you to see your average daily electric use in kilowatt-hours (kWh). Your average daily use is determined by the billing period kWh divided by the number of days in the read period. • Member Service Charge – A set monthly charge to cover fixed operating and maintenance charges. Home: Electricity • Delivery Charge – The price per kWh for delivering electricity to your home or business. • Stranded Cost Charge – A per kWh charge that pays for part of the costs related to the Seabrook Station nuclear power plant and the cost of terminating a long-term power supply contract with PSNH. Home: Electricity • System Benefit Charge – A per kWh charge that consists of two components: energy efficiency programs for Co-op members; and the State of New Hampshire’s Statewide Electric Assistance program which provides bill relief for residential members who meet income qualifications. • NH Consumption Tax and Business Enterprise Tax (BET) – A State of New Hampshire tax charged on all accounts. Home: Electricity • Regional Access Charge – A per kWh charge for the cost of accessing the regional transmission grid and related expenses. • Optional NHEC Foundation – If you have not opted out of the Round Up Program, your monthly electric bill is rounded up to the next dollar, with the proceeds benefiting the New Hampshire Electric Co-op Foundation. This line indicates the amount of your monthly contribution. Your yearly contribution will be shown on your December bill. Home: Electricity • Co-op Power – A per kWh charge that represents the cost of electric energy the Cooperative purchases for its members on the competitive wholesale market. • Your bill has two separate areas. The Current Electric Charges area itemizes only those charges related to your electric usage. The Statement of Account area itemizes any other charges not directly related to your electric usage. Home: Electricity • What is a Home Energy Analysis? • The Home Energy Analysis is an in-depth look at your energy usage and consists of: – Auditing a home with a "blower door test" which reveals leaks in the home where heat can escape and cold air can infiltrate – Checking the adequacy of insulation in the attic, walls and basement – Evaluating accuracy of thermostats – Inspecting electric hot water systems for proper insulation and settings – Providing a computer analysis that calculates estimated savings and a return on investment for certain energy-efficient improvements if they are installed in the home • Recommendations may include: – Air sealing to reduce air infiltration and air loss from the home – Upgrading insulation to reduce conduction in attics, basements, crawl spaces and walls, minimizing heat loss in the winter and keeping heat out in the summer – Replacing old thermostats on heating systems with new ones that are more accurate and can be set to adjust temperatures and save energy Home: Electricity • Heating • How low can your thermostats be set? Each one degree drop for an eight-hour period reduces your fuel bill percent. • Try turning down the thermostat 10 degrees at night, you’ll save 10 to 20 percent of your heating bill. • Programmable set-back thermostat – Gas and Oil • Heat with electricity? Take advantage of the individual room thermostats that make it possible to shut off unused rooms and to have cool settings in some rooms and warmer settings in others. • Keep the fan on your central heating unit on "auto" position. Leaving the fan on "on" can add $25 a month to your heating costs. • Install the heating thermostat on an inside wall and away from windows and doors. Home: Electricity • Clean or replace filters every month. Dirty filters can increase operating costs by 20 percent. • Use ceiling fans in winter to distribute heat around a room. • Close your fireplace damper when not in use. Consider glass doors to help prevent heat loss when your heating system is on. • Make sure registers are not blocked by furniture or draperies. • Use insulated or heavy curtains on windows facing the north side of the house. Keep curtains and shades closed at night or on cloudy days. • Need convincing? (Besides saving money) – Plants are healthier in the cooler air. – The body will burn a few more calories keeping you warm, thereby helping you to lose weight and improve your general health. – House audit? No worries about loosing warn air out or getting cold air in. Home: Electricity • Cooling • Set your thermostat on the highest comfortable setting. If you're leaving for the day, turn it up a couple of degrees. Do not turn your cooling system off unless you'll be gone for an extended period of time. • Clean or change your filters monthly. Dirty filters can increase operating costs by 20 percent. Don't block registers and return vents with furniture or drapes. • Use a ceiling fan or portable fan to supplement your air conditioning. A fan can make you feel three to four degrees cooler (and only costs a half-cent per hour to operate) so you can set your thermostat a few degrees higher and save on cooling costs. Use in occupied rooms since fans cool people, not rooms. As a safety precaution, turn off ceiling fans when you leave your home. • For central air conditioning systems, keep the fan switch on your thermostat in the "auto" position when cooling. This gives you better cooling and humidity control. Having the fan switch "on" continuously could cost $25 extra a month on your electric bill. Home: Electricity • Close blinds, drapes and shades during the hottest part of the day. This keeps the sun's rays from heating your house. • If you suspect your air conditioning system is not cooling properly, have it checked promptly. A unit that is having operational problems can cause extremely high bills. • If your air conditioning equipment is older and less efficient, compensate by being extra careful about temperature settings, hours of operation and filter condition. • Use your microwave or countertop appliances for cooking instead of the oven or stove. • Make sure your home is properly insulated. In existing homes, wall insulation may be too expensive to install, so concentrate on attic and floor insulation. Home: Electricity • Bulbs • The smallest things can add up to a real difference. Change out the light fixtures or bulbs at home that you use most with ENERGY STAR qualified models. If every American home replaced their 5 most frequently used light fixtures or the bulbs in them with ones that have earned the ENERGY STAR, we would save close to $8 billion each year in energy costs, and together we would prevent the greenhouse gases equivalent to the emissions from nearly 10 million cars. • ENERGY STAR qualified bulbs use about 75 percent less energy than standard incandescent bulbs and last up to 10 times longer. • Save about $30 or more in electricity costs over each bulb's lifetime. • Produce about 75 percent less heat, so they're safer to operate and can cut energy costs associated with home cooling. Home: Electronics • Home electronic products use energy when they're off to power features like clock displays and remote controls. U.S. households spend $100 per year to power devices while they are in this "standby" power mode. Products that have earned the ENERGY STAR use less energy to perform these functions, while providing the same performance and features as conventional models. Using less energy preserves energy resources and helps reduce the risks of global warming while saving money on energy bills. • Simple actions can make a big difference. The average home has two TVs, three telephones, and a DVD player. If these items were replaced with ENERGY STAR qualified models, it would save over 25 billion pounds of greenhouse gas emissions, equivalent to that of more than 2 million cars. Home: Electronics • Battery Charging Systems • Approximately 230 million products with battery charging systems are currently in use in American homes and businesses. • In the U.S. alone, more energy efficient battery chargers have the potential to save Americans more than 1 billion kilowatt hours (kWh) of energy per year, saving Americans more than $100 million annually while preventing the release of more than one million tons of greenhouse gas emissions — equivalent to the emissions of 150,000 cars. On average, ENERGY STAR qualified battery chargers will use 35% less energy than conventional models. • Conventional battery chargers — even when not actively charging a product — can draw as much as 5 to 20 times more energy than is actually stored in the battery! Home: Electronics • Televisions • There are about 275 million TVs currently in use in the U.S., consuming over 50 billion kWh of energy each year — or 4 percent of all households' electricity use. This is enough electricity to power all the homes in the state of New York for an entire year. • Earning the ENERGY STAR means a product meets strict energy efficiency guidelines set by the US Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy. For TVs, it means they save energy when they are turned off. • ENERGY STAR qualified TVs use about 30% less energy than standard units. Home: Flooring • Traditional wood flooring isn't sustainable, taking 30-100 years to grow a tree that can be used for flooring. • Bamboo is a grass that grows to floor quality in 5-7 years, with the next batch of bamboo growing from the same roots -- just like the grass in a lawn. • Cork, the bark of the cork oak tree, can be harvested, or peeled away, after the tree is 25 years old and then every 9-12 years, without killing the tree. Home: Flooring • Carpet Past • Carpeting already accounts for 70% of floor coverings in the United States, with the majority of carpet materials being unsustainable as well as unsuited to the health of the people who live with them. Standard carpet is made of nylon, acrylic, polypropylene, or polyester, and is frequently backed with synthetic SB latex, polyurethane, or polyvinyl chloride (PVC)— all of which are petroleum products. SB latex, which is used on at least 90% of carpet, contains the toxin styrene and is a suspected carcinogen. PVC is the subject of a health controversy that resulted in several of its components being banned from children's toys in Europe. Synthetic carpets of all kinds are known to off-gas dozens of chemicals, not only from the materials themselves but also from the heavy chemical treatments that they receive, including dye, stainproofing, fungicide, antistatic, and fire retardant. Home: Flooring • Carpet Now and the Future • Wool - it's made from a renewable and biodegradable resource: the cut hair of sheep or llamas that depend on the grass of New Zealand hills. • Plant fibers are another sustainable flooring component that have the advantage of being VOC-free, biodegradable, and chemically untreated. The best-known of these is sisal, made from leaves of an agave plant which is grown without pesticides and harvested by hand in the deserts of Latin America and Africa. • Seagrass is another sustainable option, being a thicker fiber grown underwater in Asia and woven into tough carpets backed with latex or urethane. Because it doesn't hold dye, the green-brown color of seagrass ties it to its natural source, and it's also very easy to care for. Home: Furniture • It uses wood is certified to have come from sustainable forests. It has non-toxic finishes. The foam inside the cushions is made from recycled materials, and the foam is then wrapped in 100 percent cotton. The textiles used for the upholstery are organic and chemical free. • Rowe Furniture (www.rowefurniture.com) launched its Eco- Rowe collection this week, with 21 new natural-fiber upholstery fabrics, bringing its line of eco-friendly fabrics to 137 options. The cushions on its new Aura and Summerlin sofas are filled with recycled fiber — in addition to natural duck feathers and down — and are wrapped in 100 percent cotton ticking. The wood frames are made from domestic lumber cut from sustainable forests. Home: Furniture • Copeland Furniture (www.copelandfurniture.com), a Vermont company known for its natural hardwood furniture, has stamped the signature Taliesin Barrel Chair from its Frank Lloyd Wright collection with the Forest Stewardship Council's logo, meaning the all-cherry frame comes from an inspected forest that is "well managed according to strict environmental, social and economic standards.― • Bernhardt's (www.bernhardt.com) Cascade collection was produced from plantation-grown rubberwood, with walnut veneers from sustainable U.S. suppliers. The center door of the display curio is covered with pressed rubbertree leaves under glass. The unusual buffet looks cut directly from nature, and has ample storage for silver, wine and china. Home: Furniture • C.R. Laine (www.crlaine.com) introduced a "down2earth" upholstery line, in which cushions are filled with fibers spun from recycled plastic drink bottles. The fabrics are 100 percent natural fibers such as linen and cotton. The wood frames are certified under the Sustainable Forestry Initiative, and the springs are made from 50 percent recycled metal. • Palecek (www.palecek.com) has always been known for furniture made from natural, sustainable materials such as rattan and plantation-grown hardwood. They are also involved in a reforestation project in the Phillipines, helping to plant more than a million trees over the last 15 years. Palecek introduced six green fabrics this week, made from hemp, bamboo, linen and cotton. The Woodland Collection features taupe organic hopsack on the chairs and hemp on the sofa. The wall panel is carved from plantation hardwood. Home: Groceries • Farmers Market – The Green Bay Farmers' Market is held in Downtown Green Bay on the parking lot just east of Monroe Avenue. The market is held from 7:00 AM until Noon for 22 consecutive weeks. This years market will be held each Saturday from June 7th through November 1st. Located in the Associated Bank parking lot just east of Monroe, between Cherry and Pine streets. • Farm Fresh Atlas Eastern Wisconsin – http://www.farmfresheastwi.org/files/atlas.pdf • Whole Foods Market – Madison and Milwaukee – Core Values: • Selling the highest quality natural and organic products available • Satisfying and delighting our customers • Supporting team member happiness and excellence • Creating wealth through profits & growth • Caring about our communities & our environment • Creating ongoing win-win partnerships with our suppliers. Home: Groceries • Tote Bags • Plastic Bags – Take them with you to the grocery store to be reused when bagging your groceries, instead of taking new ones. – Return your bags back to the grocery store for recycling. Most stores have a container to take these bags back and recycle them for you. – Keep plastic bags around the house or/and car – If you have pets, use plastic bags to clean out the litter box or scoop the poop in the yard. When you take your dog for a walk, tie a couple of bags to the leash handle so you will always have a bag available to scoop the poop. Donate them to animal shelters who often need plastic bags for cleaning and to use when walking dogs, they'll appreciate having a few extra around. – Donate the bags to your local charity shop or thrift store library, so that people who borrow books can use them to bring the books home. – Plastic bags can be used for packing material for packages to be mailed or stored. Wad them up and stuff around the items. – Cut into strips and knit/crochet into a stronger reusable shopping bag. Home: Recycling • Steps to Recycling a Product • Step 1. Collection and Processing - Collecting recyclables varies from community to community, but there are four primary methods: curbside, drop- off centers, buy-back centers, and deposit/refund programs. Regardless of the method used to collect the recyclables, the next leg of their journey is usually the same. Recyclables are sent to a materials recovery facility to be sorted and prepared into marketable commodities for manufacturing. Recyclables are bought and sold just like any other commodity, and prices for the materials change and fluctuate with the market. • Step 2. Manufacturing - Once cleaned and separated, the recyclables are ready to undergo the second part of the recycling loop. More and more of today's products are being manufactured with total or partial recycled content. Common household items that contain recycled materials include newspapers and paper towels; aluminum, plastic, and glass soft drink containers; steel cans; and plastic laundry detergent bottles. Recycled materials also are used in innovative applications such as recovered glass in roadway asphalt (glassphalt) or recovered plastic in carpeting, park benches, and pedestrian bridges. • Step 3. Purchasing Recycled Products - Purchasing recycled products completes the recycling loop. By "buying recycled," governments, as well as businesses and individual consumers, each play an important role in making the recycling process a success. As consumers demand more environmentally sound products, manufacturers will continue to meet that demand by producing high-quality recycled products. Learn more about recycling terminology and to find tips on identifying recycled products. Home: Recycling • What can be recycled? – Recycle type 1 (PETE) and type 2 (HDPE) plastic containers at your curb, according to local instructions. Type 1 and 2 containers include some plastic bags, detergent containers, and milk, soft drink, juice, cooking oil and water bottles. – Drop off plastic grocery bags - usually type 4 (LDPE), sometimes type 2, though not always marked - at your grocery store to be recycled. Most large chain grocery stores will have bins located in the store. Types 2 and 4 can be mixed most of the time, but read the signs first to be sure. Clean out bags before recycling. – Call local recycling center in your area that will take foam packaging (type 6, Expanded Polystyrene or EPS). Other type 6 items such as plastic utensils will most likely need to be thrown out. – Throw out types 3 (plastic food wrap and vegetable oil bottles), 5 (yogurt containers, syrup bottles, diapers, some bags, most bottle tops and some food wrap) and 7 (layered or mixed plastic). While some of these are recyclable, the plastics industry is still in the early stages of recycling and does not recycle these in most cities unless it is through a test program. Home: Recycling • Recycled Products • Aluminum cans • Laundry Shopping List • Car bumpers detergent bottles • There are more than 4,500 • Carpeting • Motor oil recycled-content products • Cereal boxes • Nails available, and this number • Comic books • Newspapers continues to grow. In fact, • Egg cartons • Paper towels many of the products we • Glass • Steel products regularly purchase contain containers • Trash bags recycled-content. The following list presents just a sampling of products that can be made with recycled content: Home: Recycling • Recycled-content products are made from materials that would otherwise have been discarded. Items in this category are made totally or partially from material destined for disposal or recovered from industrial activities-like aluminum soda cans or newspaper. Recycled-content products also can be items that are rebuilt or remanufactured from used products such as toner cartridges or computers. • Postconsumer content refers to material from products that were used by consumers or businesses and would otherwise be discarded as waste. If a product is labeled "recycled content," the rest of the product material might have come from excess or damaged items generated during normal manufacturing processes- not collected through a local recycling program. • Recyclable products can be collected and remanufactured into new products after they've been used. These products do not necessarily contain recycled materials and only benefit the environment if people recycle them after use. Check with your local recycling program to determine which items are recyclable in your community. Home: Water Conservation • Fix That Leak! • Challenge: Leaky faucets that drip at the rate of one drip per second can waste more than 3,000 gallons of water each year. Solution: If you're unsure whether you have a leak, read your water meter before and after a two-hour period when no water is being used. If the meter does not read exactly the same, you probably have a leak. • Challenge: A leaky toilet can waste about 200 gallons of water every day. Solution: To tell if your toilet has a leak, place a drop of food coloring in the tank; if the color shows in the bowl without flushing, you have a leak. • Shower Power • Challenge: A full bath tub requires about 70 gallons of water, while taking a five-minute shower uses 10 to 25 gallons. • Solution: If you take a bath, stopper the drain immediately and adjust the temperature as you fill the tub. Home: Water Conservation • Turn It Off! • Challenge: The average bathroom faucet flows at a rate of two gallons per minute. • Solution: Turning off the tap while brushing your teeth in the morning and at bedtime can save up to 8 gallons of water per day, which equals 240 gallons a month! • Make It a Full Load • Challenge: The average washing machine uses about 41 gallons of water per load. • Solution: High-efficiency washing machines use less than 28 gallons of water per load. To achieve even greater savings, wash only full loads of laundry or use the appropriate load size selection on the washing machine. Home: Water Conservation • Water Wisely • Challenge: The typical single-family suburban household uses at least 30 percent of their water outdoors for irrigation. Some experts estimate that more than 50 percent of landscape water use goes to waste due to evaporation or runoff caused by overwatering. Solution: Drip irrigation systems use between 20 to 50 percent less water than conventional in-ground sprinkler systems. They are also much more efficient than conventional sprinklers because no water is lost to wind, runoff, and evaporation. If your in-ground system uses 100,000 gallons annually, you could potentially save more than 200,000 gallons over the lifetime of a drip irrigation should you choose to install it. That adds up to savings of at least $1,150! • Don't Flush Your Money Down the Drain! • Challenge: If your toilet is from 1992 or earlier, you probably have an inefficient model that uses at least 3.5 gallons per flush. Solution: New and improved high-efficiency models use less than 1.3 gallons per flush—that's at least 60 percent less than their older, less efficient counterparts. Compared to a 3.5 gallons per flush toilet, a WaterSense labeled toilet could save a family of four more than $90 annually on their water bill, and $2,000 over the lifetime of the toilet. Home/Work: Volunteering • People volunteer for a wide variety of reasons, especially wanting to help others. But it's also OK to want some benefits for yourself from volunteering. • Instead of considering volunteering as something you do for people who are not as fortunate as yourself, begin to think of it as an exchange. • Consider that most people find themselves in need at some point in their lives. So today you may be the person with the ability to help, but tomorrow you may be the recipient of someone else's volunteer effort. Even now you might be on both sides of the service cycle: maybe you are a tutor for someone who can't read, while last month the volunteer ambulance corps rushed you to the emergency room. • Remember that the motivations you have to select the place to offer your services may not be the reasons why you stay. Once you're on the volunteer job, you will continue to serve as long as you feel that your efforts are accomplishing something, that your talents are appreciated, and that you make a difference. And if you also like the people with whom you work, so much the better! Work: Break Room • Appliances • Water Cooler (Energy Star) – Bring in your own cups • Coffee – Mesh or cloth coffee filters instead of paper – Trade Free Coffee • Producers receive a fair price - a living wage. Farmers receive a stable for a minimum price. • Forced labor and exploitative child labor are not allowed • Buyers and producers trade under direct long-term relationships • Producers have access to financial and technical assistance • Sustainable production techniques are encouraged • Working conditions are healthy and safe • Equal employment opportunities are provided for all • All aspects of trade and production are open to public accountability • Lunch – Bring from home in a reusable container Work: Computers/Equipment Work: Computers/Equipment • Computers • Upgrading – Before buying a new computer, consider whether you can improve your existing one. Some problems can be solved with a simple clean-up, or a relatively inexpensive upgrade. • Clean, Maintain and Secure – Taking steps to keep your computer clean, well-maintained, and secure is a good idea for a number of reasons: Keeping it cool, dry, and clean on the outside can help prevent performance problems on the inside; keeping it "clean" on the inside can help you gain back valuable speed and space; keeping it secure can help you reduce your vulnerability to online dangers. • Donate or Sell – Generally, if your computer is less than five years old and in working condition, someone else may be able to use it. The sooner you find a new home for it the better; it's estimated that PCs lose about half of their value, on average, each year. Work: Computers/Equipment • To maximize power savings, EPA recommends setting computers to enter system standby or hibernate after 30 to 60 minutes of inactivity. To save even more, set monitors to enter sleep mode after 5 to 20 minutes of inactivity. The lower the setting, the more energy you save. • Case Study: – Like many organizations, University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh (UW Oshkosh) computer labs kept their PCs powered 24 hours a day to accommodate students and nightly software updates. While the updates were critical for maintaining a healthy and secure network, the UW Oshkosh Academic Computing department realized that a great deal of energy was being wasted. Convinced that there must be a better way, UW Oshkosh ultimately found the answer by using Energy Star. Using built-in Windows Wake on LAN (WOL) functions, a free network tool provided by EPA called EZ GPO, and about 3 hours of staff time, UW Oshkosh was able to: • place 485 computers into a low-power ―sleep,‖ • continue to update lab computers every night, and • save over $9,000 annually (at 5 cents/kWh). Work: Computers/Equipment • Copier and Fax Machine • Copiers and fax machines are the most energy-intensive type of office equipment because they are left on for long periods of time — in some case, 24 hours per day. Energy Star Unit Conventional Unit Annual Costs: Electricity $48 $66 Energy Costs $48 $66 Life Cycle Energy Cost: Electricity $249 $348 Purchase Price: $5,000 $5,000 Total $5,249 $5,348 Paid Back 0.0 yrs Life cycle electricity saved (kWh): 1,186 Life cycle air pollution reduction (lbs of CO2): 1,826 Air pollution reduction equivalence (# of cars removed from the road/yr): 0.15 Air pollution reduction equivalence (acres of forest): 0.19 Work: Meetings, Events & Travel • Use (or install) video-conferencing to save travel for meetings. • Use a laptop and projector to run meetings electronically. – No need to print out a copy for everyone • Travel by train (less emissions per passenger than air or auto) • Try a green car rental agency like EV Rental Cars, which rents electric vehicles in California and Phoenix • Rent fuel efficient vehicles • Carbon Offsetting – http://carbonfund.org – www.nativeenergy.org • If you have to plan a meeting or event, call me! Work: Green Committee • Start a Green Committee – Have one person from each department on the committee…including executives! • Meet once a month • Set goals and objectives • Have a ―green‖ bulletin board in a common space (break room) • Post goals and objectives, show new projects, RESULTS and how everyone can get involved • Do Green Committee sponsored events – Not necessarily funded by the committee but it is a way to draw attention to the committee • Make it a team activity and FUN! Work: Lights • Light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs always beat compact fluorescents (CFL’s) in terms of efficiency. LEDs are a little more expensive but it’s a compensatory decision since they use half the energy as CFLs (and 1/10th less energy than incandescent, saving more than $700 in a lifetime.) In addition, LED’s last 60,000 hours, while CFLs last 10,000. • Make the most of natural light. Don't block it with filing cabinets, plants or blinds that are permanently shut! • Switch off lights when you are last to leave rooms and when they are not needed. • Turn off lights in the toilets, kitchen, meeting rooms etc. when not needed. • Flickering fluorescent tubes use up more energy. If you see one, report it! • Turning off fluorescent tubes frequently doesn’t mean that more electricity is used when they are turned back on and does not have a significant impact on the life of the tube (compared to the energy saved). Work: Office Supplies • Try using paperclips rather than adhesive tape which contains harmful toxins. • Use refillable or recycled pens and pencils. • Before your ready to hit the print button, ask yourself if you really need to print it. Try and go paperless where ever possible. Also, rather than having printed copies of employee or instruction manuals, try using a soft copy, after all everyone is connected via the internet or intra net. • If you have to print a document or email, just print the text you need. • Reduce paper waste by using both sides of the paper when printing. • Use misprinted or unnecessary documents as scratch paper. • Reuse envelopes as many times as possible. • Recycled paper – printing, pads Work: Parking/Transportation • Car Pool • Hybrid Parking • Public transportation – Post schedules on the green bulletin board • Van Pool Every morning at 5:35, Roy Morrison climbs into a white Ford van and does his part to save the planet. Morrison, 57, is a vanpool driver. He picks up nine of his colleagues on the way from his home in Cleburne to the early shift at Vought Aircraft Industries in Grand Prairie. And he's such a believer he has convinced more than 100 of his colleagues to join vanpools. Morrison, a maintenance carpenter at Vought, first heard about the vanpool program offered by the Fort Worth Transportation Authority about five years ago. For groups of seven or more, the T provides a van for daily commuting. One Vought vanpool was up and running already and Morrison saw the potential. "I thought, somebody just needs to take the bull by the horns and start spreading the word," he says. So in 2003, Morrison requested his own van. He knew some co-workers who lived in or near Cleburne, and in no time he'd rounded up enough people willing to give the pool a try. Soon after, a colleague asked Morrison to help him assemble a vanpool. Morrison's a natural organizer, and in no time he'd rounded up another group. By then, word had gotten around and people started seeking Morrison out. Now, thanks to his encouragement, 14 vans carry 131 Vought employees to and from work. Morrison has done the math. Every day, he figures, those 14 vans travel 1,490 miles to and from cities such as Cleburne, Midlothian and Alvarado. Imagine how many miles all those people would travel in separate cars. His own van travels 98 miles every day. But its passengers would drive a collective 1,171 miles if they drove separately. Saving miles, saving gas and keeping the roads less congested -- that's the purpose of the T's vanpool system. If you've got a group of seven or more, you can request a van to use for your daily commute. Each rider pays a monthly fare that starts at $71 (for up to 45 miles a day) and goes up to $176 (for 166-190 miles a day). That fare covers gas and maintenance. Morrison is the lead driver for his van, though there's a designated backup. He has nine passengers signed up to ride with him, though there's not always a full house. One recent rainy Wednesday afternoon, there were just six . At 3:30 p.m., when their workday ends, they all come out to wait. Morrison pulls up, the doors open, and Casey Hart, a plant energy manager, heads directly for the back of the van, where he collapses and settles in for a nap. He's usually not the only one. Several of the riders keep a pillow in the van. They're a tight bunch, comfortable enough to talk politics and religion. For most, the vanpool is a way to save gas money, to eliminate the stress of driving and to spare their cars the wear and tear of a daily commute. Morrison has had to talk up those benefits a lot. Of course, now that gas is more than $3 a gallon, it's a little easier. "It always starts out, 'What is going to save me and my billfold?'" Morrison says. "Later, they start thinking, 'This really is saving a lot of fuel and saving a lot of the environment.' It's a slow process to change people's way of thinking, but it does." So every afternoon, when the first shift ends, a swarm of white vans winds through the Vought campus, picking up employees and taking them home. They're saving gas, money and the Earth, a few miles at a time. Work: Recycling • If you don’t already have a recycling program, start one! • Need to have a bin for each recyclable item • Have the green committee show fellow employees how to recycle properly • Have a recycling contest – Weigh the materials in the paper bin, count cans and bottles – Winner gets a green themed prize • Mark junk mail 'Return to sender' or ask to be removed from the mailing list…then recycle • Put a paper recycling box beside the photocopier. • Recycle all toner cartridges Work: Temperature • SAME AS AT HOME!!! • Put on more clothes rather than turning up the heating • Keep a blanket for your legs instead of a portable heater Work: Other Helpful Hints • Use timer switches to turn off vending machines when the office is closed. • Use hand-dryers rather or cloth towel rather than paper towels. • Sure you want a clean office, doesn't everyone? But in you endeavor for cleanliness don't purchase or use toxic cleaning products. Try and use organic cleaning solutions.
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