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					Being GREEN at home and
       at work…


      Amanda Gourgue, CMP

amanda@startameetingrevolution.com
                 Agenda
Introduction about Meeting Revolution and ME!

                 Definitions

  Ways of being green at home and at work

         Individual and Group Work

                  Wrap Up

     Additional Questions and Answers
Amanda Gourgue, CMP
               Definitions
•   Energy Star
•   LEED
•   CSR
•   Sustainability
•   Biodegradable
•   Non-toxic
•   Organic
Definitions: Energy Star
        • ENERGY STAR is a joint program
          of the U.S. Environmental
          Protection Agency and the U.S.
          Department of Energy helping us
          all save money and protect the
          environment through energy
          efficient products and practices.

        • Results are already adding up.
          Americans, with the help of
          ENERGY STAR, saved enough
          energy in 2007 alone to avoid
          greenhouse gas emissions
          equivalent to those from 27
          million cars — all while saving
          $16 billion on their utility bills.
Let’s simplify….

27 million cars – Enough cars to fill the Packers Stadium for 81
seasons!!!

$16 billion - $16,000,000,000!!!! That is almost 500,000 houses –
That is enough electricity to run all the houses in Milwaukee,
Madison, Green Bay and Appleton
             Definitions: LEED
• Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

• US Green Building Council

• Rating system: Certified, Silver, Gold, Platinum

• New Construction, Existing Buildings, Core & Shell,
  Commercial Interiors, Healthcare, Schools, Retail, Homes and
  Neighborhood Development
               Definitions: CSR
• Corporate Social Responsibility is a concept whereby
  organizations consider the interests of society by taking
  responsibility for the impact of their activities on customers,
  suppliers, employees, shareholders, communities and other
  stakeholders, as well as the environment. This obligation is
  seen to extend beyond the statutory obligation to comply with
  legislation and sees organizations voluntarily taking further
  steps to improve the quality of life for employees and their
  families as well as for the local community and society at large.

• Environment, Workplace and Community
                    Definitions
• Sustainable: Capable of being continued with minimal long-
  term effect on the environment
   – Example: Bamboo is a sustainable product
• Biodegradable: This unregulated term is meaningful only if it
  specifies the amount of time it takes for the product to
  decompose, as most substances will eventually biodegrade
  over time given the right conditions, such as sunlight.
• Non-toxic: There is no official definition or third-party
  verification for this claim. Not meaningful.
• Organic: Household cleaning products aren't regulated by the
  Organic Foods Production Act, but some of their ingredients,
  such as plant oils, can be labeled "certified organic."
            Home: Appliances
• Energy Star Appliances
   – Washers: Cut water consumption by 40%
   – No Central Agitator:
      • Front-loaders tumble clothes through a small amount of
        water instead of rubbing clothes against an agitator in a
        full tub. Advanced top loaders use sophisticated wash
        systems to flip or spin clothes through a reduced stream
        of water. Both designs dramatically reduce the amount
        of hot water used in the wash cycle, and the energy used
        to heat it.
   – High Spin Speeds:
      • Efficient motors spin clothes two-three times faster
        during the spin cycle to extract more water. Less
        moisture in the clothes means less time and energy in
        the dryer.
            Home: Appliances
• Dishwashers
• Replacing a dishwasher manufactured before 1994 with an
  ENERGY STAR qualified dishwasher can save you more than
  $30 a year in utility costs.
• ENERGY STAR qualified dishwashers use at least 41 percent
  less energy than the federal minimum standard for energy
  consumption.
• ENERGY STAR qualified dishwashers use much less water
  than conventional models. Saving water helps protect our
  nation’s water supplies.
• Because they use less hot water compared to new conventional
  models, an ENERGY STAR qualified dishwasher saves about
  $90 over its lifetime.
• Helpful Hints:
   – Run your dishwasher with a full load. Most of the energy
     used by a dishwasher goes to heat water. Since you can’t
     decrease the amount of water used per cycle, fill your
     dishwasher to get the most from the energy used to run it.
   – Avoid using the heat-dry, rinse-hold and pre-rinse features.
     Instead use your dishwasher’s air-dry option.
            Home: Appliances
• Refrigerators
• ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerators require about half as
  much energy as models manufactured before 1993. ENERGY
  STAR qualified refrigerators provide energy savings without
  sacrificing the features you want.
• ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerator models use high efficiency
  compressors, improved insulation, and more precise
  temperature and defrost mechanisms to improve energy
  efficiency.
• ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerator models use at least 20%
  less energy than required by current federal standards and 40%
  less energy than the conventional models sold in 2001.
• Remember, saving energy prevents pollution. In most
  households, the refrigerator is the single biggest energy
  consuming kitchen appliance. Replacing a refrigerator bought
  in 1990 with a new ENERGY STAR qualified model would save
  enough energy to light the average household for nearly four
  months.
            Home: Appliances
• Refrigerator, continued…
• Helpful Hints:
   – Position your refrigerator away from a heat source such as
     an oven, a dishwasher, or direct sunlight from a window.
   – To allow air to circulate around the condenser coils, leave a
     space between the wall or cabinets and the refrigerator or
     freezer and keep the coils clean.
   – Make sure the door seals are airtight.
   – Keep your refrigerator between 35 and 38 degrees
     Fahrenheit and your freezer at 0 degrees Fahrenheit.
   – Minimize the amount of time the refrigerator door is open.
   – Recycle older or second refrigerators.

• Recycle My Old Fridge Campaign
   – More than 47 million fridges over ten years old in the U.S.
   – Recycle My Old Fridge is a new, nationwide effort by the
     U.S. Department of Energy and the government's ENERGY
     STAR program, RecycleMyOldFridge.com
              Home: Appliances
• Bottom Line - $$$
•                    Energy Star Unit          Conventional Unit
Cost                      $1,100               $1,070
Annual Costs:
Energy Costs              $40                  $46
Life Cycle Energy Cost:
Energy Costs:             $395 (5,293 KWh) $464 (6,228 KWh)
Purchase Price:           $1,100               $1,070
Total                     $1,140               $1,534 – Paid Back 4.3 yrs
Air pollution reduction equivalence (cars of road) - .13
Air pollution reduction equivalence (acres of forest) - .18
US Households – 111,162,259
Every person replaces their refrigerator: 14,451,093 cars
                                          20,009,206 acres of forest
               Home: Appliances
•  Bottom Line - $$$, continued…
•  Dishwasher
                    Energy Star Unit   Conventional Unit
Annual Costs:
Electricity                 $17               $24
Water                       $4                $5
Gas                         $7                $22
Energy Costs                $28               $51

Life Cycle Energy Cost:
Electricity                $148               $209
Water                      $31                $47
Gas                        $65                $196
Total LC Energy Cost:      $245               $452
Purchase Price:            $545               $545
Total                      $790               $997 – Paid Back 0.0 yrs
  Home: Car & Other Engines
• Gasoline & Electric Hybrid Car
   – Examples: Prius, Ford Escape Hybrid,
     Nissan Altima Hybrid, Lexus RX, etc…
• How it works?
   – A gas-powered car has a fuel tank, which supplies gasoline
     to the engine. The engine then turns a transmission, which
     turns the wheels.
   – An electric car, on the other hand, has a set of batteries that
     provides electricity to an electric motor. The motor turns a
     transmission, and the transmission turns the wheels.
   – The hybrid is a compromise. It attempts to significantly
     increase the mileage and reduce the emissions of a gas-
     powered car while overcoming the shortcomings of an
     electric car.
  Home: Car & Other Engines
• To be useful, a car must meet certain minimum requirements.
  The car should be able to:
• Drive at least 300 miles (482 km) before re-fueling
• Be refueled quickly and easily
• Keep up with the other traffic on the road
• A gasoline car meets these requirements but produces a
  relatively large amount of pollution and generally gets poor gas
  mileage. An electric car, however, produces almost no
  pollution, but it can only go 50 to 100 miles (80 to 161 km)
  between charges. And the problem has been that the electric
  car is very slow and inconvenient to recharge.
• A gasoline-electric car combines these two setups into one
  system that leverages both gas power and electric power.
  Home: Car & Other Engines
• Parallel hybrid - has a fuel tank that
supplies gasoline to the engine and a
set of batteries that supplies power to
the electric motor. Both the engine and
the electric motor can turn the
transmission at the same time, and the
 transmission then turns the wheels.
• Series hybrid - the gasoline engine turns a generator, and the
    generator can either charge the batteries or power an electric
    motor that drives the transmission. Thus, the gasoline engine
    never directly powers the
    vehicle.
  Home: Car & Other Engines
• Driving More Efficiently
• Drive Sensibly
   – Aggressive driving (speeding, rapid acceleration and braking)
     wastes gas. It can lower your gas mileage by 33 percent at
     highway speeds and by 5 percent around town.
       • Fuel Economy Benefit: 5-33%
       • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.19-$1.23/gallon
• Observe the Speed Limit
   – While each vehicle reaches its optimal fuel economy at a different
     speed (or range of speeds), gas mileage usually decreases rapidly
     at speeds above 60 mph. You can assume that each 5 mph you
     drive over 60 mph is like paying an additional $0.26 per gallon for
     gas.
       • Fuel Economy Benefit: 7-23%
       • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.26-$0.86/gallon
  Home: Car & Other Engines
• Remove Excess Weight
   – Avoid keeping unnecessary items in your vehicle, especially heavy
     ones. An extra 100 pounds in your vehicle could reduce your MPG by
     up to 2%. The reduction is based on the percentage of extra weight
     relative to the vehicle's weight and affects smaller vehicles more
     than larger ones.
       • Fuel Economy Benefit: 1-2%/100 lbs
       • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.04-$0.07/gallon
• Keeping Your Car In Shape
• Keep Your Engine Properly Tuned
   – Fixing a car that is noticeably out of tune or has failed an emissions
     test can improve its gas mileage by an average of 4 percent, though
     results vary based on the kind of repair and how well it is done.
     Fixing a serious maintenance problem, such as a faulty oxygen
     sensor, can improve your mileage by as much as 40 percent.
       • Fuel Economy Benefit: 4%
       • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.15/gallon
  Home: Car & Other Engines
• Check & Replace Air Filters Regularly
   – Replacing a clogged air filter can improve your car's gas mileage
     by as much as 10 percent. Your car's air filter keeps impurities
     from damaging the inside of your engine. Not only will replacing a
     dirty air filter save gas, it will protect your engine.
       • Fuel Economy Benefit: up to 10%
       • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: up to $0.37/gallon
• Keep Tires Properly Inflated
   – You can improve your gas mileage by around 3.3 percent by
     keeping your tires inflated to the proper pressure. Under-inflated
     tires can lower gas mileage by 0.3 percent for every 1 psi drop in
     pressure of all four tires. Properly inflated tires are safer and last
     longer.
       • Fuel Economy Benefit: up to 3%
       • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: up to $0.11/gallon
  Home: Car & Other Engines
• Use the Recommended Grade of Motor Oil
   – You can improve your gas mileage by 1-2 percent by using the
     manufacturer's recommended grade of motor oil. For example,
     using 10W-30 motor oil in an engine designed to use 5W-30 can
     lower your gas mileage by 1-2 percent. Using 5W-30 in an engine
     designed for 5W-20 can lower your gas mileage by 1-1.5 percent.
     Also, look for motor oil that says "Energy Conserving" on the API
     performance symbol to be sure it contains friction-reducing
     additives.
       • Fuel Economy Benefit: 1-2%
       • Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.04-$0.07/gallon
  Home: Car & Other Engines
• Planning & Combining Trips
• Commuting
   – If you can stagger your work hours to avoid peak rush hours,
     you'll spend less time sitting in traffic and consume less fuel. If
     you own more than one vehicle, drive the one that gets the best
     gas mileage whenever possible. Consider telecommuting (working
     from home) if your employer permits it. If possible, take advantage
     of carpools and ride-share programs. You can cut your weekly fuel
     costs in half and save wear on your car if you take turns driving
     with other commuters. Many urban areas allow vehicles with
     multiple passengers to use special High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV)
     lanes.
• Traveling
   – A roof rack or carrier provides additional cargo space and may
     allow you to meet your needs with a smaller car. However, a
     loaded roof rack can decrease your fuel economy by 5 percent.
     Reduce aerodynamic drag and improve your fuel economy by
     placing items inside the trunk whenever possible. Avoid carrying
     unneeded items, especially heavy ones. An extra 100 lbs in the
     trunk reduces a typical car's fuel economy by 1-2 percent.
  Home: Car & Other Vehicles
• The new regulations take effect in 2010 for gas-powered marine
  engines, and 2011 for lawn and garden equipment of 25
  horsepower or less.
• Engine makers will need cut 35 percent of hydrocarbon and
  nitrogen oxide emissions for lawn and garden equipment, in
  addition to the a 60 percent reduction that was implemented by
  regulations two years ago. The new engines are also expected
  to achieve a 45 percent reduction in fuel evaporative emissions.
• The engines in recreational watercraft will need to meet a 70
  percent reduction in hydrocarbon and nitrogen oxide
  emissions, a 20 percent reduction in carbon monoxide and a 70
  percent reduction in fuel evaporative emissions.
     Home: Cleaning Supplies
• KITCHEN
• Countertops - For a ―soft scrub,‖ mix baking soda and liquid
  soap until you get a consistency you like. The amounts don’t
  have to be perfect. Make only as much as you need, as it dries
  up quickly.
• Ovens - To clean extra-greasy ovens, mix together 1 cup baking
  soda and 1/4 cup of washing soda, then add enough water to
  make a paste; apply the paste to oven surfaces and let soak
  overnight. The next morning, lift off soda mixture and grime;
  rinse surfaces well (gloves are recommended as washing soda
  may irritate skin).
• Microwave ovens - These can be cleaned with a paste made
  from 3 to 4 tablespoons of baking soda mixed with water. Scrub
  on with a sponge and rinse.
• Cutting boards - Sanitize them by spraying with vinegar and
  then with 3 percent hydrogen peroxide. Keep the liquids in
  separate spray bottles and use them one at a time. It doesn’t
  matter which one you use first, but both together are much
  more effective than either one alone.
     Home: Cleaning Supplies
• BATHROOM
• Tub and tile cleaner - Mix 1 2/3 cup baking soda, 1/2 cup liquid
  soap, and 1/2 cup water. Then, as the last step, add 2
  tablespoons vinegar (if you add the vinegar too early it will
  react with the baking soda). Immediately apply, wipe, and
  scrub.
• A good all-purpose sanitizer - 2 teaspoons borax, 4
  tablespoons vinegar, and 3 to 4 cups hot water in a spray
  bottle. For extra cleaning power, add 1/4 teaspoon liquid soap
  to the mixture.
• Toilet bowl - Pour 1 cup of borax into the toilet before going to
  bed. In the morning, scrub and flush. For an extra-strength
  cleaner, add 1/4 cup vinegar to the borax.
• Drains - Prevent clogged drains by using hair and food traps.
  To de-grease and sweeten sink and tub drains, pour 1/2 cup of
  baking soda down drain, followed by 1 cup vinegar; let bubble
  for 15 minutes; rinse with hot water. You might have to repeat
  the procedure more than once or leave the baking soda and
  vinegar to ―cook‖ overnight.
      Home: Cleaning Supplies
• LIVING ROOM
• General dusting - Best done with a damp cloth: Dry dusting
  simply stirs up dust and moves it around.
• Furniture polish - Mix olive oil and vinegar in a one-to-one ratio
  and polish with a soft cloth. Or look in a health-food store for
  food-grade linseed oil, often called omega-3 or flaxseed oil,
  rather than the type found in hardware stores to finish
  furniture. Linseed oil sold for furniture use often contains
  dangerous petroleum distillates to speed evaporation.
• Windows - Put 3 tablespoons vinegar per 1 quart water in a
  spray bottle. Some recommend using half vinegar and half
  water. For extra-dirty windows try this: 1/2 teaspoon liquid
  soap, 3 tablespoons vinegar, and 2 cups of water. Shake well.
  The best way to get streak-free windows? Use newspaper
  instead of paper towels to wipe them.
     Home: Cleaning Supplies
• METAL POLISH
• Brass, copper, bronze and aluminum - To remove tarnish, rub
  metal with sliced lemons. For tough jobs, sprinkle baking soda
  on the lemon, then rub.
• Sterling silver - Put a sheet of aluminum foil into a plastic or
  glass bowl. Sprinkle the foil with salt and baking soda, then fill
  the bowl with warm water. Soak your silver in the bowl, and the
  tarnish will migrate to the aluminum foil. Rinse and dry the
  silver, then buff it with a soft cloth.
• AIR FRESHENER
• A simple recipe of 1 teaspoon baking soda, 1 teaspoon vinegar
  (or lemon juice), and 2 cups hot water in a spray bottle can be
  spritzed in the air to remove odors.
     Home: Cleaning Supplies
• FLOORS AND CARPETS
• Linoleum - For extra grease-cutting, try this formula: 1/4 cup
  washing soda with 1 tablespoon of liquid soap, 1/4 cup vinegar,
  and 2 gallons hot water. Put the washing soda in the bucket
  first and add the liquid ingredients; that way the soda won’t
  splash out. Caution: Do not use this formula on waxed floors.
• Sanitize floors - Add 2 gallons of hot water to 1/2 cup of borax.
  Put the borax in the bucket first, then add water slowly to avoid
  splashing.
• Wood floors - Add 1 cup of vinegar per pail of hot water.
• Carpeting and rugs - To soak up and eliminate odors, sprinkle
  baking soda over the surface of the carpet and let it stand for
  15 to 30 minutes before vacuuming.
     Home: Cleaning Supplies
• LAUNDRY
• Laundry brightener - Add 1/2 cup of strained lemon juice during
  the rinse cycle.
• Fabric rinse - Add 1/4 cup of white vinegar during the washing
  machine’s rinse cycle to remove detergent completely from
  clothes, eliminating that scratchy feel. (Note: This will not leave
  your clothes smelling like vinegar.)
• Detergent booster - To reduce the amount of laundry detergent
  you need to use (especially if you have hard water ) add baking
  soda or washing soda. These minerals soften the water, which
  increases the detergent’s power. For liquid detergent, add 1/2
  cup of soda at the beginning of the wash. For powdered
  detergent, add 1/2 cup of soda during the rinse cycle.
• Bleach - Use hydrogen peroxide instead of chlorine bleach.
• Dry cleaning - Many delicate ―dry clean only‖ items can be
  washed at home by hand. In general, it’s best to use cool water
  and a mild liquid soap. Squeeze or wring gently and lay flat to
  dry.
      Home: Cleaning Supplies
• “Danger” refers to products that are corrosive, extremely
  flammable, highly toxic, or poisonous . Commercial toilet-bowl,
  oven, and drain cleaners often bear this label .

• ―Caution” or “Warning” are catchall terms for many other
  hazards, so scan for specifics, such as ―Vapor harmful,‖
  ―Causes burns,‖ or ―May be fatal or cause blindness if
  swallowed.‖

• “Irritants” refer to substances that cause injury or inflammation
  on contact.

• “Corrosives” refer to chemicals that destroy tissue.

• “Sensitizers” are ingredients that can cause allergic reactions
  and chronic adverse health effects that become evident only
  after continuing exposures.

• “Chronic Health Hazards” may include effects ranging from
  sterility and birth defects to cancer.
     Home: Cleaning Supplies
• •Nontoxic. This implies that the product will cause no harm to
  the consumer or environment. However, there is currently no
  standard definition for this term, and unless otherwise
  specified, there is no organization independently verifying the
  claim .
• •Natural. Though widely found on commercial cleaning
  products, the term ―natural‖ doesn’t necessarily mean much.
  There’s no standard definition for this claim in industry, so
  manufacturers can use it as they please. What’s more, just
  because something is ―natural‖ doesn’t mean it’s less toxic, or
  non-irritating. Even cleaners that are safe enough to eat, like
  lemon juice, can be irritating to the eyes or skin.
• •Environmentally friendly. While this label implies that the
  product or packaging has some kind of environmental benefit
  or that it causes no harm to the environment, there is currently
  no standard definition for the term. Unless otherwise specified,
  there is also no organization independently verifying this claim.
• •Biodegradable. This term is somewhat meaningful, but it can
  be misleading. ―Biodegradable,‖ which implies that a product
  or its packaging will break down in nature in a reasonably short
  period of time, has been only loosely defined by the federal
  government.
     Home: Cleaning Supplies
• Check the ingredient list. Since manufacturers are not required
  to list all the ingredients in their cleaning products, unless they
  are active disinfectants or known to be potentially hazardous, it
  can be difficult to know exactly what you’re buying. And bear in
  mind that unlike food package labels, when a cleaning
  product’s ingredients are listed, the order doesn’t necessarily
  represent relative amounts. Companies that claim to disclose
  their full list of ingredients include Ecover, Trader Joe’s and
  Seventh Generation.
     Home: Cleaning Supplies
• Nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs). When they’re released into
  the environment, these chemicals can break down into toxic
  substances that can act as hormone disrupters, potentially
  threatening the reproductive capacity of fish, birds, and
  mammals. A recent U.S Geological Survey study found that 69
  percent of streams tested in one Southeastern U.S. locale
  contained these potentially dangerous byproducts.
     Home: Cleaning Supplies
• Antibacterials - Some may cause skin and eye irritation, and
  certain types, such as triclosan, now found widely in the
  environment , may cause environmental harm by contributing
  to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Recent
  studies have also suggested that triclosan could form dioxin, a
  carcinogen, in the presence of sunlight , and chloroform, a
  probable human carcinogen, in the presence of chlorinated
  water. What’s more, there’s a growing consensus that
  antibacterial household cleaners won’t keep you any safer from
  infectious illnesses than regular types. These findings may
  stem in part from the fact that most infections are caused by
  viruses, not bacteria. In fact, experts say, it’s not the type of
  cleaner that matters in combating germs, but the frequency and
  thoroughness of cleaning; plain soap and hot water are
  generally enough to do the job.
       Home: Cleaning Supplies
• Ammonia - Poisonous when swallowed, extremely irritating to
  respiratory passages when inhaled; can burn skin on contact.
  Found in floor, bathroom, tile, and glass cleaners.

• Butyl cellosolve (also known as butyl glycol, ethylene glycol,
  monobutyl) - Poisonous when swallowed and a lung tissue
  irritant. Found in glass cleaners and all-purpose cleaners.

• Chlorine bleach (sodium hypochlorite) - Extremely irritating to
  the lungs and eyes. (Note: Never mix chlorine bleach products
  with ammonia. That produces a poisonous gas.) Sold by itself
  and found in a variety of household cleaners.

• d-limonene - Can irritate the skin. Found in air fresheners.

• Diethanolamine (DEA) & triethanolamine (TEA) - Can produce
  carcinogenic compounds, which can penetrate the skin when
  combined with nitrosomes, an often-undisclosed preservative
  or contaminant. Found in sudsing products, including
  detergents and cleaners.
     Home: Cleaning Supplies
• Disinfectants - This a catchall term for a variety of active
  ingredients, including chlorine bleach, alcohol, quaternary
  compounds, and pine oil and ethyl alcohol. They are regulated
  by the EPA as pesticides and all have some health effects. Most
  can also cause problems in waterways by killing helpful
  bacteria. Found in a variety of household cleaners; many
  products that carry the ―antibacterial‖ label are also
  disinfectants.

• •Fragrances - May cause watery eyes and respiratory tract
  irritation. Found in a variety of cleaners and air fresheners.

• •Hydrochloric acid - Can severely burn skin, irritate eyes and
  respiratory tract. Found in toilet bowl cleaners.

• •Naptha - Can cause headaches, nausea, and central-nervous-
  system symptoms with overexposure. Found in furniture and
  floor polish and glass cleaners.
     Home: Cleaning Supplies
• Petroleum-based ingredients - Many ingredients are derived
  from petroleum, including some of those above such as APEs
  and naptha, and they’re commonly found in many cleaning
  products as surfactants. Other toxic ingredients derived from
  petroleum, including formaldehyde , can also be present at
  trace levels in cleaning products. Found in a variety of
  household cleaners.

• •Phosphates - Can reach waterways and contribute to the
  overgrowth of algae and aquatic weeds, which can kill off fish
  populations and other aquatic life. Found in automatic
  dishwasher detergents and some laundry detergents.

• •Sodium hydroxide (lye) - Corrosive and extremely irritating to
  eyes, nose, and throat and can burn those tissues on contact.
  Found in drain, metal, and oven cleaners.

• •Sulfuric acid - Can severely damage eyes, lungs, and skin.
  Found in drain cleaners.
         Home: Cleaning Supplies
• Green Works – Clorox
• A natural resource qualifies as a renewable resource if it is
  replenished by natural processes at a rate that's equal to the rate of
  consumption by humans. The plant and mineral-based ingredients in
  Green Works™ cleaners use materials that come from a resource that
  is renewable.
• A biodegradable material is something that has the ability to safely
  and relatively quickly break down biological into the raw materials of
  nature and disappear into the environment. Much of the ingredients
  used in Green Works™ natural cleaners are biodegradable helping to
  minimize the impact on the environment.
• A sustainable product is something made from renewable resources,
  which means they can grow back quickly and can be harvested with
  minimal harm to the environment. Our goal with the entire line of
  Green Works™ natural cleaners is to use materials that are
  renewable.
• Animals were not used to test the safety and efficacy of Green
  Works™ natural cleaning products.
                Home: Clothes
• Clothing is not sustainable... so specifically buying clothing
  that tries to be more sustainable is a great idea. Re-use of
  clothing is the BEST option, this keeps items out of the landfill
  and saves all the resources that go into creating a new
  garment.
• Denim Therapy www.denimtherapy.com to repair jeans... they
  look good as new at a fraction of the cost.
• Getting hand me downs from friends is great as are second
  hand shops and eBay (you can get designer name children
  clothing at a fraction of the cost).
• When buying new - Try to purchase clothing that is made with
  organic, natural and sustainable fabrics such as Organic
  Cotton, Bamboo, Silk, Hemp, PET (recycled from plastic
  bottles!).
                  Home: Clothes
• Organic: Many T-shirts and jeans are made from conventional
  cotton—one of the most pesticide-ridden crops around. And
  chemicals that don’t leach into the soil or water or get emitted as
  toxic gas can remain trapped in the clothing you’re wearing next to
  your skin.
• Renewable: Bamboo grows fast and furious without any help from
  us. It can be woven into fabric that’s soft and silky—as well as
  naturally breathable and antibacterial.
• Recyclable: Ideally, your garb won’t end up in a landfill when you tire
  of the style. Patagonia fleece is recyclable through the company’s
  Common Threads program, and most sneakers can be recycled via
  Nike’s Reuse-A-Shoe program.
  (If you can’t recycle something, donating or reselling is a greener
  option than trashing it.)
• Socially Responsible: In most cases, how green clothing is made is
  given as much thought as what it’s made from. ―Sweatshop-free‖
  apparel is more costly to produce—though that isn’t necessarily
  passed on to the consumer.
• Green Practices: The greenest companies offer eco-friendly products
  and run eco-friendly businesses—powering their buildings with solar
  or wind energy, practicing recycling, and so on.
Home: Clothes
        Recycled: Making clothing and
        accessories from existing
        materials requires far less
        energy and resources than
        doing so with virgin materials.
        Patagonia recycles polyester to
        create many of its base layers
        and jackets, while aGain NYC
        fashions its handbags and
        accessories from repurposed
        fabrics. Mined metals and
        petroleum-based plastics aren’t
        the only options for zippers and
        buttons

        Seatbeltbags.com
        Messenger Bag
        $168
           Home: Composting
• Studies show that home composting can divert 700 pounds of
  material per year from each household.
• Yard waste and trimmings account for nearly 17% of municipal
  solid waste in the US. This waste consists of grass, leaves,
  tree, and brush trimmings - adding up to approximately 31
  million tons each yr.
• Approximately 6.7% of the municipal solid waste in the US is
  food scraps. While it may seem like a small percentage, it adds
  up to over 13.2 million tons per year. Compost is organic
  material that can be used as a soil amendment or as a medium
  to grow plants. Mature compost is a stable material with a
  content called humus that is dark brown or black and has a
  soil-like, earthy smell. It is created by: combining organic
  wastes (e.g., yard trimmings, food wastes, manures) in proper
  ratios into piles, rows, or vessels; adding bulking agents (e.g.,
  wood chips) as necessary to accelerate the breakdown of
  organic materials; and allowing the finished material to fully
  stabilize and mature through a curing process.
         Home: Composting
• What to compost:
•Cardboard rolls                 •Hay and straw
•Clean paper                     •Houseplants
•Coffee grounds and filters      •Leaves
•Cotton rags                     •Nut shells
•Dryer and vacuum cleaner lint   •Sawdust
•Eggshells                       •Shredded newspaper
•Fireplace ashes                 •Tea bags
•Fruits and vegetables           •Wood chips
•Grass clippings                 •Wool rags
•Hair and fur                    •Yard trimmings
             Home: Composting
• What NOT to compost:
• Black walnut tree leaves or twigs
    – Releases substances that might be harmful to plants
• Coal or charcoal ash
    – Might contain substances harmful to plants
• Dairy products (butter, egg yolks, milk, sour cream, yogurt)
    – Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and flies
• Diseased or insect-ridden plants
    – Diseases or insects might survive and be transferred back to other
      plants
• Fats, grease, lard, or oils
    – Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and flies
• Meat or fish bones and scraps
    – Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and flies
• Pet wastes (e.g., dog or cat feces, soiled cat litter)
    – Might contain parasites, bacteria, germs, pathogens, and viruses
      harmful to humans
• Yard trimmings treated with chemical pesticides
    – Might kill beneficial composting organisms
              Home: Composting
•   All composting requires three basic ingredients:
•   Browns—Includes materials such as dead leaves, branches , twigs
•   Greens—Includes materials such as grass clippings, vegetable
    waste, fruit scraps, and coffee grounds
•   Water
•   Select a dry, shady spot near a water source for your compost pile or
    bin.
•   Before you add your brown and green materials, make sure larger
    pieces are chopped or shredded.
•   Cover your composting area with a 6-inch layer of brown materials.
•   Add a 3-inch layer of green materials and a little soil or finished
    compost.
•   Lightly mix the two layers above.
•   Top with a 3-inch layer of brown materials, adding water until moist.
•   Turn your compost pile every week or two with a pitchfork to
    distribute air and moisture. Move the dry materials from the edges
    into the middle of the pile. Continue this practice until the pile does
    not re-heat much after turning.
•   Your compost will be ready in one to four months, but let the pile sit
    for two weeks before using.
                Home: Electricity
• AVG/DAY – Allows you to see your average
  daily electric use in kilowatt-hours (kWh). Your average
  daily use is determined by the billing period kWh
  divided by the number of days in the read period.

• Member Service Charge – A set monthly charge to cover fixed
  operating and maintenance charges.
             Home: Electricity
• Delivery Charge – The price per kWh for delivering electricity to
  your home or business.

• Stranded Cost Charge – A per kWh charge that pays for part of
  the costs related to the Seabrook Station nuclear power plant
  and the cost of terminating a long-term power supply contract
  with PSNH.
             Home: Electricity
• System Benefit Charge – A per kWh charge that consists of two
  components: energy efficiency programs for Co-op members;
  and the State of New Hampshire’s Statewide Electric
  Assistance program which provides bill relief for residential
  members who meet income qualifications.

• NH Consumption Tax and Business Enterprise Tax (BET) – A
  State of New Hampshire tax charged on all accounts.
             Home: Electricity
• Regional Access Charge – A per kWh charge for the cost of
  accessing the regional transmission grid and related expenses.

• Optional NHEC Foundation – If you have not opted out of the
  Round Up Program, your monthly electric bill is rounded up to
  the next dollar, with the proceeds benefiting the New
  Hampshire Electric Co-op Foundation. This line indicates the
  amount of your monthly contribution. Your yearly contribution
  will be shown on your December bill.
             Home: Electricity
• Co-op Power – A per kWh charge that represents the cost of
  electric energy the Cooperative purchases for its members on
  the competitive wholesale market.

• Your bill has two separate areas. The Current Electric Charges
  area itemizes only those charges related to your electric usage.
  The Statement of Account area itemizes any other charges not
  directly related to your electric usage.
                Home: Electricity
• What is a Home Energy Analysis?
• The Home Energy Analysis is an in-depth look at your energy usage
  and consists of:
   – Auditing a home with a "blower door test" which reveals leaks in the
     home where heat can escape and cold air can infiltrate
   – Checking the adequacy of insulation in the attic, walls and basement
   – Evaluating accuracy of thermostats
   – Inspecting electric hot water systems for proper insulation and settings
   – Providing a computer analysis that calculates estimated savings and a
     return on investment for certain energy-efficient improvements if they
     are installed in the home
• Recommendations may include:
   – Air sealing to reduce air infiltration and air loss from the home
   – Upgrading insulation to reduce conduction in attics, basements, crawl
     spaces and walls, minimizing heat loss in the winter and keeping heat
     out in the summer
   – Replacing old thermostats on heating systems with new ones that are
     more accurate and can be set to adjust temperatures and save energy
             Home: Electricity
• Heating
• How low can your thermostats be set? Each one degree drop
  for an eight-hour period reduces your fuel bill percent.
• Try turning down the thermostat 10 degrees at night, you’ll
  save 10 to 20 percent of your heating bill.
• Programmable set-back thermostat – Gas and Oil
• Heat with electricity? Take advantage of the individual room
  thermostats that make it possible to shut off unused rooms and
  to have cool settings in some rooms and warmer settings in
  others.
• Keep the fan on your central heating unit on "auto" position.
  Leaving the fan on "on" can add $25 a month to your heating
  costs.
• Install the heating thermostat on an inside wall and away from
  windows and doors.
             Home: Electricity
• Clean or replace filters every month. Dirty filters can increase
  operating costs by 20 percent.
• Use ceiling fans in winter to distribute heat around a room.
• Close your fireplace damper when not in use. Consider glass
  doors to help prevent heat loss when your heating system is
  on.
• Make sure registers are not blocked by furniture or draperies.
• Use insulated or heavy curtains on windows facing the north
  side of the house. Keep curtains and shades closed at night or
  on cloudy days.
• Need convincing? (Besides saving money) 
   – Plants are healthier in the cooler air.
   – The body will burn a few more calories keeping you warm, thereby
     helping you to lose weight and improve your general health.
   – House audit? No worries about loosing warn air out or getting
     cold air in.
              Home: Electricity
• Cooling
• Set your thermostat on the highest comfortable setting. If
  you're leaving for the day, turn it up a couple of degrees. Do not
  turn your cooling system off unless you'll be gone for an
  extended period of time.
• Clean or change your filters monthly. Dirty filters can increase
  operating costs by 20 percent. Don't block registers and return
  vents with furniture or drapes.
• Use a ceiling fan or portable fan to supplement your air
  conditioning. A fan can make you feel three to four degrees
  cooler (and only costs a half-cent per hour to operate) so you
  can set your thermostat a few degrees higher and save on
  cooling costs. Use in occupied rooms since fans cool people,
  not rooms. As a safety precaution, turn off ceiling fans when
  you leave your home.
• For central air conditioning systems, keep the fan switch on
  your thermostat in the "auto" position when cooling. This gives
  you better cooling and humidity control. Having the fan switch
  "on" continuously could cost $25 extra a month on your
  electric bill.
             Home: Electricity
• Close blinds, drapes and shades during the hottest part of the
  day. This keeps the sun's rays from heating your house.
• If you suspect your air conditioning system is not cooling
  properly, have it checked promptly. A unit that is having
  operational problems can cause extremely high bills.
• If your air conditioning equipment is older and less efficient,
  compensate by being extra careful about temperature settings,
  hours of operation and filter condition.
• Use your microwave or countertop appliances for cooking
  instead of the oven or stove.
• Make sure your home is properly insulated. In existing homes,
  wall insulation may be too expensive to install, so concentrate
  on attic and floor insulation.
             Home: Electricity
• Bulbs
• The smallest things can add up to a real difference. Change
  out the light fixtures or bulbs at home that you use most with
  ENERGY STAR qualified models. If every American home
  replaced their 5 most frequently used light fixtures or the bulbs
  in them with ones that have earned the ENERGY STAR, we
  would save close to $8 billion each year in energy costs, and
  together we would prevent the greenhouse gases equivalent to
  the emissions from nearly 10 million cars.
• ENERGY STAR qualified bulbs use about 75 percent less
  energy than standard incandescent bulbs and last up to 10
  times longer.
• Save about $30 or more in electricity costs over each bulb's
  lifetime.
• Produce about 75 percent less heat, so they're safer to operate
  and can cut energy costs associated with home cooling.
             Home: Electronics
• Home electronic products use energy when they're off to power
  features like clock displays and remote controls. U.S. households
  spend $100 per year to power devices while they are in this
  "standby" power mode. Products that have earned the ENERGY
  STAR use less energy to perform these functions, while providing
  the same performance and features as conventional models. Using
  less energy preserves energy resources and helps reduce the risks
  of global warming while saving money on energy bills.
• Simple actions can make a big difference. The average home has
  two TVs, three telephones, and a DVD player. If these items were
  replaced with ENERGY STAR qualified models, it would save over 25
  billion pounds of greenhouse gas emissions, equivalent to that of
  more than 2 million cars.
            Home: Electronics
• Battery Charging Systems
• Approximately 230 million products with battery charging
  systems are currently in use in American homes and
  businesses.
• In the U.S. alone, more energy efficient battery chargers have
  the potential to save Americans more than 1 billion kilowatt
  hours (kWh) of energy per year, saving Americans more than
  $100 million annually while preventing the release of more than
  one million tons of greenhouse gas emissions — equivalent to
  the emissions of 150,000 cars. On average, ENERGY STAR
  qualified battery chargers will use 35% less energy than
  conventional models.
• Conventional battery chargers — even when not actively
  charging a product — can draw as much as 5 to 20 times more
  energy than is actually stored in the battery!
            Home: Electronics
• Televisions
• There are about 275 million TVs currently in use in the U.S.,
  consuming over 50 billion kWh of energy each year — or 4
  percent of all households' electricity use. This is enough
  electricity to power all the homes in the state of New York for
  an entire year.
• Earning the ENERGY STAR means a product meets strict
  energy efficiency guidelines set by the US Environmental
  Protection Agency and the Department of Energy. For TVs, it
  means they save energy when they are turned off.
• ENERGY STAR qualified TVs use about 30% less energy than
  standard units.
               Home: Flooring
• Traditional wood flooring isn't sustainable, taking 30-100 years
  to grow a tree that can be used for flooring.
• Bamboo is a grass that grows to floor quality in 5-7 years, with
  the next batch of bamboo growing from the same roots -- just
  like the grass in a lawn.




• Cork, the bark of the cork oak tree, can be harvested, or peeled
  away, after the tree is 25 years old and then every 9-12 years,
  without killing the tree.
               Home: Flooring
• Carpet Past
• Carpeting already accounts for 70% of floor coverings in the
  United States, with the majority of carpet materials being
  unsustainable as well as unsuited to the health of the people
  who live with them. Standard carpet is made of nylon, acrylic,
  polypropylene, or polyester, and is frequently backed with
  synthetic SB latex, polyurethane, or polyvinyl chloride (PVC)—
  all of which are petroleum products. SB latex, which is used on
  at least 90% of carpet, contains the toxin styrene and is a
  suspected carcinogen. PVC is the subject of a health
  controversy that resulted in several of its components being
  banned from children's toys in Europe. Synthetic carpets of all
  kinds are known to off-gas dozens of chemicals, not only from
  the materials themselves but also from the heavy chemical
  treatments that they receive, including dye, stainproofing,
  fungicide, antistatic, and fire retardant.
               Home: Flooring
• Carpet Now and the Future
• Wool - it's made from a renewable and biodegradable resource:
  the cut hair of sheep or llamas that depend on the grass of New
  Zealand hills.
• Plant fibers are another sustainable flooring component that
  have the advantage of being VOC-free, biodegradable, and
  chemically untreated. The best-known of these is sisal, made
  from leaves of an agave plant which is grown without
  pesticides and harvested by hand in the deserts of Latin
  America and Africa.
• Seagrass is another sustainable option, being a thicker fiber
  grown underwater in Asia and woven into tough carpets
  backed with latex or urethane. Because it doesn't hold dye, the
  green-brown color of seagrass ties it to its natural source, and
  it's also very easy to care for.
               Home: Furniture
• It uses wood is certified to have come from sustainable forests.
  It has non-toxic finishes. The foam inside the cushions is made
  from recycled materials, and the foam is then wrapped in 100
  percent cotton. The textiles used for the upholstery are organic
  and chemical free.
• Rowe Furniture (www.rowefurniture.com) launched its Eco-
  Rowe collection this week, with 21 new natural-fiber upholstery
  fabrics, bringing its line of eco-friendly fabrics to 137 options.
  The cushions on its new Aura and Summerlin sofas are filled
  with recycled fiber — in addition to natural duck feathers and
  down — and are wrapped in 100 percent cotton ticking. The
  wood frames are made from domestic lumber cut from
  sustainable forests.
              Home: Furniture
• Copeland Furniture (www.copelandfurniture.com), a Vermont
  company known for its natural hardwood furniture, has
  stamped the signature Taliesin Barrel Chair from its Frank
  Lloyd Wright collection with the Forest Stewardship Council's
  logo, meaning the all-cherry frame comes from an inspected
  forest that is "well managed according to strict environmental,
  social and economic standards.―
• Bernhardt's (www.bernhardt.com) Cascade collection was
  produced from plantation-grown rubberwood, with walnut
  veneers from sustainable U.S. suppliers. The center door of the
  display curio is covered with pressed rubbertree leaves under
  glass. The unusual buffet looks cut directly from nature, and
  has ample storage for silver, wine and china.
              Home: Furniture
• C.R. Laine (www.crlaine.com) introduced a "down2earth"
  upholstery line, in which cushions are filled with fibers spun
  from recycled plastic drink bottles. The fabrics are 100 percent
  natural fibers such as linen and cotton. The wood frames are
  certified under the Sustainable Forestry Initiative, and the
  springs are made from 50 percent recycled metal.
• Palecek (www.palecek.com) has always been known for
  furniture made from natural, sustainable materials such as
  rattan and plantation-grown hardwood. They are also involved
  in a reforestation project in the Phillipines, helping to plant
  more than a million trees over the last 15 years. Palecek
  introduced six green fabrics this week, made from hemp,
  bamboo, linen and cotton. The Woodland Collection features
  taupe organic hopsack on the chairs and hemp on the sofa. The
  wall panel is carved from plantation hardwood.
                  Home: Groceries
• Farmers Market
   – The Green Bay Farmers' Market is held in Downtown Green Bay on the
     parking lot just east of Monroe Avenue. The market is held from 7:00
     AM until Noon for 22 consecutive weeks.
     This years market will be held each Saturday from June 7th through
     November 1st. Located in the Associated Bank parking lot just east of
     Monroe, between Cherry and Pine streets.
• Farm Fresh Atlas Eastern Wisconsin
   – http://www.farmfresheastwi.org/files/atlas.pdf
• Whole Foods Market
   – Madison and Milwaukee
   – Core Values:
       •   Selling the highest quality natural and organic products available
       •   Satisfying and delighting our customers
       •   Supporting team member happiness and excellence
       •   Creating wealth through profits & growth
       •   Caring about our communities & our environment
       •   Creating ongoing win-win partnerships with our suppliers.
                 Home: Groceries
• Tote Bags
• Plastic Bags
   – Take them with you to the grocery store to be reused when bagging your
     groceries, instead of taking new ones.
   – Return your bags back to the grocery store for recycling. Most stores
     have a container to take these bags back and recycle them for you.
   – Keep plastic bags around the house or/and car
   – If you have pets, use plastic bags to clean out the litter box or scoop the
     poop in the yard. When you take your dog for a walk, tie a couple of bags
     to the leash handle so you will always have a bag available to scoop the
     poop. Donate them to animal shelters who often need plastic bags for
     cleaning and to use when walking dogs, they'll appreciate having a few
     extra around.
   – Donate the bags to your local charity shop or thrift store library, so that
     people who borrow books can use them to bring the books home.
   – Plastic bags can be used for packing material for packages to be mailed
     or stored. Wad them up and stuff around the items.
   – Cut into strips and knit/crochet into a stronger reusable shopping bag.
                    Home: Recycling
• Steps to Recycling a Product
•   Step 1. Collection and Processing - Collecting recyclables varies from
    community to community, but there are four primary methods: curbside, drop-
    off centers, buy-back centers, and deposit/refund programs. Regardless of the
    method used to collect the recyclables, the next leg of their journey is usually
    the same. Recyclables are sent to a materials recovery facility to be sorted and
    prepared into marketable commodities for manufacturing. Recyclables are
    bought and sold just like any other commodity, and prices for the materials
    change and fluctuate with the market.
•   Step 2. Manufacturing - Once cleaned and separated, the recyclables are ready
    to undergo the second part of the recycling loop. More and more of today's
    products are being manufactured with total or partial recycled content.
    Common household items that contain recycled materials include newspapers
    and paper towels; aluminum, plastic, and glass soft drink containers; steel
    cans; and plastic laundry detergent bottles. Recycled materials also are used
    in innovative applications such as recovered glass in roadway asphalt
    (glassphalt) or recovered plastic in carpeting, park benches, and pedestrian
    bridges.
•   Step 3. Purchasing Recycled Products - Purchasing recycled products
    completes the recycling loop. By "buying recycled," governments, as well as
    businesses and individual consumers, each play an important role in making
    the recycling process a success. As consumers demand more environmentally
    sound products, manufacturers will continue to meet that demand by
    producing high-quality recycled products. Learn more about recycling
    terminology and to find tips on identifying recycled products.
              Home: Recycling
• What can be recycled?
   – Recycle type 1 (PETE) and type 2 (HDPE) plastic containers at your
     curb, according to local instructions. Type 1 and 2 containers include
     some plastic bags, detergent containers, and milk, soft drink, juice,
     cooking oil and water bottles.
   – Drop off plastic grocery bags - usually type 4 (LDPE), sometimes type
     2, though not always marked - at your grocery store to be recycled.
     Most large chain grocery stores will have bins located in the store.
     Types 2 and 4 can be mixed most of the time, but read the signs first to
     be sure. Clean out bags before recycling.
   – Call local recycling center in your area that will take foam packaging
     (type 6, Expanded Polystyrene or EPS). Other type 6 items such as
     plastic utensils will most likely need to be thrown out.
   – Throw out types 3 (plastic food wrap and vegetable oil bottles), 5
     (yogurt containers, syrup bottles, diapers, some bags, most bottle tops
     and some food wrap) and 7 (layered or mixed plastic). While some of
     these are recyclable, the plastics industry is still in the early stages of
     recycling and does not recycle these in most cities unless it is through
     a test program.
              Home: Recycling
• Recycled Products                • Aluminum cans   •    Laundry
  Shopping List                    • Car bumpers         detergent bottles
• There are more than 4,500        • Carpeting       •    Motor oil
  recycled-content products        • Cereal boxes    •    Nails
  available, and this number       • Comic books     •    Newspapers
  continues to grow. In fact,      • Egg cartons     •    Paper towels
  many of the products we          • Glass           •    Steel products
  regularly purchase contain            containers   •    Trash bags
  recycled-content. The
  following list presents just a
  sampling of products that
  can be made with recycled
  content:
               Home: Recycling
• Recycled-content products are made from materials that would
  otherwise have been discarded. Items in this category are made
  totally or partially from material destined for disposal or recovered
  from industrial activities-like aluminum soda cans or newspaper.
  Recycled-content products also can be items that are rebuilt or
  remanufactured from used products such as toner cartridges or
  computers.
• Postconsumer content refers to material from products that were
  used by consumers or businesses and would otherwise be
  discarded as waste. If a product is labeled "recycled content," the
  rest of the product material might have come from excess or
  damaged items generated during normal manufacturing processes-
  not collected through a local recycling program.
• Recyclable products can be collected and remanufactured into
  new products after they've been used. These products do not
  necessarily contain recycled materials and only benefit the
  environment if people recycle them after use. Check with your local
  recycling program to determine which items are recyclable in your
  community.
       Home: Water Conservation
• Fix That Leak!
• Challenge: Leaky faucets that drip at the rate of one drip per second
  can waste more than 3,000 gallons of water each year.
  Solution: If you're unsure whether you have a leak, read your water
  meter before and after a two-hour period when no water is being used.
  If the meter does not read exactly the same, you probably have a leak.
• Challenge: A leaky toilet can waste about 200 gallons of water every
  day.
  Solution: To tell if your toilet has a leak, place a drop of food coloring
  in the tank; if the color shows in the bowl without flushing, you have a
  leak.

• Shower Power
• Challenge: A full bath tub requires about 70 gallons of water, while
  taking a five-minute shower uses 10 to 25 gallons.
• Solution: If you take a bath, stopper the drain immediately and adjust
  the temperature as you fill the tub.
  Home: Water Conservation
• Turn It Off!
• Challenge: The average bathroom faucet flows at a rate of two
  gallons per minute.
• Solution: Turning off the tap while brushing your teeth in the
  morning and at bedtime can save up to 8 gallons of water per
  day, which equals 240 gallons a month!

• Make It a Full Load
• Challenge: The average washing machine uses about 41
  gallons of water per load.
• Solution: High-efficiency washing machines use less than 28
  gallons of water per load. To achieve even greater savings,
  wash only full loads of laundry or use the appropriate load size
  selection on the washing machine.
     Home: Water Conservation
• Water Wisely
• Challenge: The typical single-family suburban household uses at
  least 30 percent of their water outdoors for irrigation. Some experts
  estimate that more than 50 percent of landscape water use goes to
  waste due to evaporation or runoff caused by overwatering.
  Solution: Drip irrigation systems use between 20 to 50 percent less
  water than conventional in-ground sprinkler systems. They are also
  much more efficient than conventional sprinklers because no water is
  lost to wind, runoff, and evaporation. If your in-ground system uses
  100,000 gallons annually, you could potentially save more than
  200,000 gallons over the lifetime of a drip irrigation should you
  choose to install it. That adds up to savings of at least $1,150!
• Don't Flush Your Money Down the Drain!
• Challenge: If your toilet is from 1992 or earlier, you probably have an
  inefficient model that uses at least 3.5 gallons per flush.
  Solution: New and improved high-efficiency models use less than 1.3
  gallons per flush—that's at least 60 percent less than their older, less
  efficient counterparts. Compared to a 3.5 gallons per flush toilet, a
  WaterSense labeled toilet could save a family of four more than $90
  annually on their water bill, and $2,000 over the lifetime of the toilet.
        Home/Work: Volunteering
•   People volunteer for a wide variety of reasons, especially wanting to help
    others. But it's also OK to want some benefits for yourself from
    volunteering.
•   Instead of considering volunteering as something you do for people who
    are not as fortunate as yourself, begin to think of it as an exchange.
•   Consider that most people find themselves in need at some point in their
    lives. So today you may be the person with the ability to help, but
    tomorrow you may be the recipient of someone else's volunteer effort.
    Even now you might be on both sides of the service cycle: maybe you
    are a tutor for someone who can't read, while last month the volunteer
    ambulance corps rushed you to the emergency room.
•   Remember that the motivations you have to select the place to offer your
    services may not be the reasons why you stay. Once you're on the
    volunteer job, you will continue to serve as long as you feel that your
    efforts are accomplishing something, that your talents are appreciated,
    and that you make a difference. And if you also like the people with
    whom you work, so much the better!
             Work: Break Room 

•   Appliances
•   Water Cooler (Energy Star)
     – Bring in your own cups
•   Coffee
     – Mesh or cloth coffee filters instead of paper
     – Trade Free Coffee
         • Producers receive a fair price - a living wage. Farmers receive a stable for a minimum
           price.
         • Forced labor and exploitative child labor are not allowed
         • Buyers and producers trade under direct long-term relationships
         • Producers have access to financial and technical assistance
         • Sustainable production techniques are encouraged
         • Working conditions are healthy and safe
         • Equal employment opportunities are provided for all
         • All aspects of trade and production are open to public accountability
•   Lunch
     – Bring from home in a reusable container
Work: Computers/Equipment
Work: Computers/Equipment
• Computers
• Upgrading
   – Before buying a new computer, consider whether you can improve
     your existing one. Some problems can be solved with a simple
     clean-up, or a relatively inexpensive upgrade.
• Clean, Maintain and Secure
   – Taking steps to keep your computer clean, well-maintained, and
     secure is a good idea for a number of reasons: Keeping it cool,
     dry, and clean on the outside can help prevent performance
     problems on the inside; keeping it "clean" on the inside can help
     you gain back valuable speed and space; keeping it secure can
     help you reduce your vulnerability to online dangers.
• Donate or Sell
   – Generally, if your computer is less than five years old and in
     working condition, someone else may be able to use it. The sooner
     you find a new home for it the better; it's estimated that PCs lose
     about half of their value, on average, each year.
    Work: Computers/Equipment
• To maximize power savings, EPA recommends setting computers to
  enter system standby or hibernate after 30 to 60 minutes of inactivity.
  To save even more, set monitors to enter sleep mode after 5 to 20
  minutes of inactivity. The lower the setting, the more energy you save.
• Case Study:
   – Like many organizations, University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh (UW Oshkosh)
     computer labs kept their PCs powered 24 hours a day to accommodate
     students and nightly software updates. While the updates were critical for
     maintaining a healthy and secure network, the UW Oshkosh Academic
     Computing department realized that a great deal of energy was being
     wasted. Convinced that there must be a better way, UW Oshkosh
     ultimately found the answer by using Energy Star. Using built-in Windows
     Wake on LAN (WOL) functions, a free network tool provided by EPA called
     EZ GPO, and about 3 hours of staff time, UW Oshkosh was able to:
       • place 485 computers into a low-power ―sleep,‖
       • continue to update lab computers every night, and
       • save over $9,000 annually (at 5 cents/kWh).
   Work: Computers/Equipment
• Copier and Fax Machine
• Copiers and fax machines are the most energy-intensive type of office
  equipment because they are left on for long periods of time — in
  some case, 24 hours per day.
                         Energy Star Unit          Conventional Unit
Annual Costs:
Electricity                 $48                    $66
Energy Costs                $48                    $66

Life Cycle Energy Cost:
Electricity                   $249                   $348
Purchase Price:               $5,000                 $5,000
Total                         $5,249                 $5,348
Paid Back 0.0 yrs
Life cycle electricity saved (kWh): 1,186
Life cycle air pollution reduction (lbs of CO2): 1,826
Air pollution reduction equivalence (# of cars removed from the road/yr): 0.15
Air pollution reduction equivalence (acres of forest): 0.19
Work: Meetings, Events & Travel
 • Use (or install) video-conferencing to save travel for meetings.
 • Use a laptop and projector to run meetings electronically.
    – No need to print out a copy for everyone
 • Travel by train (less emissions per passenger than air or auto)
 • Try a green car rental agency like EV Rental Cars, which rents
   electric vehicles in California and Phoenix
 • Rent fuel efficient vehicles
 • Carbon Offsetting
    – http://carbonfund.org
    – www.nativeenergy.org
 • If you have to plan a meeting or event, call me! 
      Work: Green Committee
• Start a Green Committee
    – Have one person from each department on the
      committee…including executives!
• Meet once a month
• Set goals and objectives
• Have a ―green‖ bulletin board in a common space (break room)
• Post goals and objectives, show new projects, RESULTS and
  how everyone can get involved
• Do Green Committee sponsored events
    – Not necessarily funded by the committee but it is a way to draw
      attention to the committee
• Make it a team activity and FUN!
                  Work: Lights
• Light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs always beat compact
  fluorescents (CFL’s) in terms of efficiency. LEDs are a little
  more expensive but it’s a compensatory decision since they
  use half the energy as CFLs (and 1/10th less energy than
  incandescent, saving more than $700 in a lifetime.) In addition,
  LED’s last 60,000 hours, while CFLs last 10,000.
• Make the most of natural light. Don't block it with filing
  cabinets, plants or blinds that are permanently shut!
• Switch off lights when you are last to leave rooms and when
  they are not needed.
• Turn off lights in the toilets, kitchen, meeting rooms etc. when
  not needed.
• Flickering fluorescent tubes use up more energy. If you see
  one, report it!
• Turning off fluorescent tubes frequently doesn’t mean that
  more electricity is used when they are turned back on and does
  not have a significant impact on the life of the tube (compared
  to the energy saved).
        Work: Office Supplies
• Try using paperclips rather than adhesive tape which contains
  harmful toxins.
• Use refillable or recycled pens and pencils.
• Before your ready to hit the print button, ask yourself if you
  really need to print it. Try and go paperless where ever
  possible. Also, rather than having printed copies of employee
  or instruction manuals, try using a soft copy, after all everyone
  is connected via the internet or intra net.
• If you have to print a document or email, just print the text you
  need.
• Reduce paper waste by using both sides of the paper when
  printing.
• Use misprinted or unnecessary documents as scratch paper.
• Reuse envelopes as many times as possible.
• Recycled paper – printing, pads
   Work: Parking/Transportation
• Car Pool
• Hybrid Parking
• Public transportation
   – Post schedules on the green bulletin board
• Van Pool
Every morning at 5:35, Roy Morrison climbs into a white Ford van and
  does his part to save the planet. Morrison, 57, is a vanpool driver. He
  picks up nine of his colleagues on the way from his home in Cleburne
  to the early shift at Vought Aircraft Industries in Grand Prairie. And
  he's such a believer he has convinced more than 100 of his colleagues
  to join vanpools.
Morrison, a maintenance carpenter at Vought, first heard about the
  vanpool program offered by the Fort Worth Transportation Authority
  about five years ago. For groups of seven or more, the T provides a
  van for daily commuting.
One Vought vanpool was up and running already and Morrison saw the
  potential. "I thought, somebody just needs to take the bull by the
  horns and start spreading the word," he says. So in 2003, Morrison
  requested his own van. He knew some co-workers who lived in or near
  Cleburne, and in no time he'd rounded up enough people willing to
  give the pool a try.
Soon after, a colleague asked Morrison to help him assemble a vanpool. Morrison's a
     natural organizer, and in no time he'd rounded up another group. By then, word had
     gotten around and people started seeking Morrison out. Now, thanks to his
     encouragement, 14 vans carry 131 Vought employees to and from work.
Morrison has done the math. Every day, he figures, those 14 vans travel 1,490 miles to and
     from cities such as Cleburne, Midlothian and Alvarado. Imagine how many miles all
     those people would travel in separate cars.
His own van travels 98 miles every day. But its passengers would drive a collective 1,171
     miles if they drove separately.
Saving miles, saving gas and keeping the roads less congested -- that's the purpose of the
     T's vanpool system. If you've got a group of seven or more, you can request a van to use
     for your daily commute. Each rider pays a monthly fare that starts at $71 (for up to 45
     miles a day) and goes up to $176 (for 166-190 miles a day). That fare covers gas and
     maintenance.
Morrison is the lead driver for his van, though there's a designated backup. He has nine
     passengers signed up to ride with him, though there's not always a full house. One
     recent rainy Wednesday afternoon, there were just six .
At 3:30 p.m., when their workday ends, they all come out to wait. Morrison pulls up, the
     doors open, and Casey Hart, a plant energy manager, heads directly for the back of the
     van, where he collapses and settles in for a nap.
He's usually not the only one. Several of the riders keep a pillow in the van. They're a tight
     bunch, comfortable enough to talk politics and religion. For most, the vanpool is a way
     to save gas money, to eliminate the stress of driving and to spare their cars the wear and
     tear of a daily commute.
Morrison has had to talk up those benefits a lot. Of course, now that gas is more than $3 a
     gallon, it's a little easier.
"It always starts out, 'What is going to save me and my billfold?'" Morrison says. "Later,
     they start thinking, 'This really is saving a lot of fuel and saving a lot of the environment.'
     It's a slow process to change people's way of thinking, but it does."
So every afternoon, when the first shift ends, a swarm of white vans winds through the
     Vought campus, picking up employees and taking them home. They're saving gas,
     money and the Earth, a few miles at a time.
              Work: Recycling
• If you don’t already have a recycling program, start one!
• Need to have a bin for each recyclable item
• Have the green committee show fellow employees how to
  recycle properly
• Have a recycling contest
   – Weigh the materials in the paper bin, count cans and bottles
   – Winner gets a green themed prize
• Mark junk mail 'Return to sender' or ask to be removed from the
  mailing list…then recycle
• Put a paper recycling box beside the photocopier.
• Recycle all toner cartridges
           Work: Temperature
• SAME AS AT HOME!!!
• Put on more clothes rather than turning up the heating
• Keep a blanket for your legs instead of a portable heater
    Work: Other Helpful Hints
• Use timer switches to turn off vending machines when the
  office is closed.
• Use hand-dryers rather or cloth towel rather than paper towels.
• Sure you want a clean office, doesn't everyone? But in you
  endeavor for cleanliness don't purchase or use toxic cleaning
  products. Try and use organic cleaning solutions.

				
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