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									           “Competing in a Diverse World:
  Diversity in Learning from an HBCU Perspective”


               A Presentation to
           2004 ABET Annual Meeting
                        in
              Nashville, Tennessee
                             By
                James H. Johnson, Jr., Dean
College of Engineering, Architecture and Computer Sciences
                     Howard University
                  Washington, DC 20059
                     October 28, 2004




      “Leadership for America and the Global Community”      1
                             University History

   March 2, 1867 chartered by an act of
    Congress
     FirstCongressional Society of Washington
     Original departments
        Normal and preparatory, collegiate, medical,
         law and agriculture
     Firststudents were four daughters of two
      of the University founders

       “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   2
                             University History

   What should be the thrust of a Howard
    education?
     Booker T. Washington – crafts, agriculture
      and survival type skills
     W. E. B. Dubois – education of the
      “Talented Tenth”




       “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   3
                               University Mission

… comprehensive, research-oriented…

… provide an educational experience of
 exceptional quality at reasonable price

… for African American men and women and
 other historically disenfranchised groups

     “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   4
                                  University Vision

… to become an increasingly powerful
 and information technology rich setting

… to lead (and produce leaders) in the
 21st century.




     “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   5
                  New Carnegie Classification
                                     Schema

    Only Doctoral /Research Extensive university
    serving a predominantly African American
    population in the nation.

   "...a wide range of baccalaureate programs
    and...committed to graduate education through the
    doctorate. … award 50 or more doctoral degrees
    per year in at least 15 disciplines."




      “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   6
                           University Statistics

 12 schools and colleges
 167 programs of study
 ~11,250 students
     35%  male & 65% female
     46 states & D.C
     85% African American
     11% non-resident alien


       “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   7
                                        Recent Rankings

   2004 U.S. News & World Report
     Ranked 90 of the top 248 doctoral universities in
      the country
     Ranked 24 of Great Schools at Great Prices

   2004 Princeton Review
       Student newspaper listed as “Best Campus Paper”
   Largest resident producers of African
    American Ph.D.s

         “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   8
                                        Student Honors


   71 National Achievement Scholars
       Highest number for any American college or
        university
   Two Rhodes Scholars within the past four
    years
     Marianna Ofusu - classics
     Carla J. Peters – history/environmental science



         “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   9
 College of Engineering,
Architecture & Computer
        Sciences



  “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   10
                                      CEACS History

 1908 – first E&A courses offered
 1911 – 4 year programs in C.E., E.E.,
          and M.E. offered
 In 1930’s University threatened to close
  the programs
     Dean    Downing wrote -               “No person of reasonable
     intelligence and judgment can discount the work of the engineer
     and architect in present-day civilization…the work of the scientist
     can mean little if it cannot be molded into a utility whether practical
     or artistic. This is the business of the engineer or architect…"


       “Leadership for America and the Global Community”               11
                                        CEACS Programs

   Architecture - BS
   Chemical Engineering - BS, MS, IA
   Civil Engineering – BS, ME
   Electrical & Computer Engineering – BS, ME, PhD, IM
   Mechanical Engineering – BS, ME, PhD, IA, IM
   Systems & Computer Science – BS, MCS

    Atmospheric Science = IA
    Materials Science = IM

        “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   12
                           CEACS Vision Statement

“… a recognized leader in the creation of learning
environments conducive to the solution of problems
that transcend the boundaries of discipline and
profession.”




        “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   13
                                                           CEACS

   Core Student Competencies
              skills
     Analytical
     Teamwork
     Communication skills
        Oral
        Written

     Leadership
     Business     acumen

       “Leadership for America and the Global Community”      14
         CEACS Approaches to Diversity

   Programs to increase the number of
    women

 Educational  practices to
    encourage diversity

   Outreach Activities

       “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   15
        Educational Practices: Today

   Typical classroom learning w/ labs

   Industry Participation

   Research Experience for
    Undergraduates


       “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   16
        Educational Practices: Today

   Industry Participation
     CEACS  Motto: “We Give Our Students the
      World by Design”
     Corporate Team Adoption Program
        1st   year activity
     Capstone      Design Course
        Final   year design



       “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   17
             Educational Practices: Tomorrow


   Center for the Advancement of
    Engineering Education
     Scholarship  on Learning Engineering
     Scholarship on Teaching Engineering
     Institute for Scholarship on Engineering
      Education



       “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   18
                Center for the Advancement of
                        Engineering Education


   Collaboration on four campuses
     U. of Washington
     Stanford University
     Howard University
     Colorado School of Mines
   Funded by National Science Foundation
     Engineering  Education & Centers Division
     Division of Undergraduate Education


       “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   19
             Center for the Advancement of
                     Engineering Education


Examine…
   …from the student’s perspective

   …variance across populations and institutions
   (e.g., gender, ethnicity, geographic location)

    …misalignments between student learning and
     workplace needs


    “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   20
            Center for the Advancement of
                    Engineering Education


Skills


              Education


             Workplace

   “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   21
CAEE: Multiple Research Methods


                                    FORMAL
                                  INTERVIEWS

            SURVEY




       ETHNOGRAPHIC             ETHNOGRAPHIC
        INTERVIEWS              OBSERVATIONS




   “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   22
        CAEE: Research Questions
SKILLS

   How do students’ engineering skills and knowledge
    develop and/or change over time?

   How do engineering students’ technological skills
    compare with those of professionals?

   What are the difficult concepts?



             “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   23
     CAEE: Research Questions
IDENTITY

  How do students come to identify themselves as
   engineers?

  How does a student’s APPRECIATION,
   CONFIDENCE &, COMMITMENT to engineering
   change as they navigate their education?


         “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   24
      CAEE: Research Questions

EDUCATION

What elements of students’ engineering educations
 contribute to changes observed in skill and
 identity development?

What do students find difficult and how do they
 deal with the difficulties they face?



          “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   25
   CAEE: Research Questions
WORKPLACE

 What skills do early career engineers
  need as they enter the workplace?

 Where did they obtain these skills?

 Are there any missing skills?


       “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   26
                Center for the Advancement of
                        Engineering Education


   Expected Outcomes
     Understand   the special issues affecting
      students learning
     Identify the environmental and pedagogical
      needs of students
     Develop a cadre of faculty who are
      champions for research and
      implementation of engineering education
      teaching and learning tools

       “Leadership for America and the Global Community”   27
           Thank you!

            Questions?



“Leadership for America and the Global Community”   28

								
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