A summary of the results of CDC's analysis of national surveillance data of children with diagnoses of perinatal HIV infection from the period 2004-2007 from 34 states is presented. The results indicate that 85% of diagnoses of perinatal HIV infection were in blacks or African Americans 69% or Hispanics or Latinos 16%. A CDC editorial note is also presented.
Please note: An erratum has been published for this issue. To view the erratum, please click here. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Weekly / Vol. 59 / No. 4 February 5, 2010 Racial/Ethnic Disparities Among National Black HIV/AIDS Children with Diagnoses of Awareness Day — February 7, 2010 Perinatal HIV Infection — February 7 is National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness 34 States, 2004–2007 Day. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection disproportionately affects blacks living in the United States. Early in the epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus/ In 2006, blacks made up 12% of the population aged >13 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in the years but accounted for 46% of the number of persons United States, racial/ethnic disparities were observed in the diag- estimated to be living with HIV (1). Both the estimated noses of AIDS among adults and children (1). Since the early HIV prevalence and incidence rates for black men and 1990s, the annual number of diagnoses of perinatally acquired women were higher than those for any other racial/ethnic AIDS and HIV infection has declined by approximately 90% population (1,2). Among black males, male-to-male sexual in the United States as a result of routine HIV screening of contact accounted for 63% of new infections; among black pregnant women and the availability of effective interventions females, high-risk heterosexual contact accounted for 83% to prevent transmission (2,3). To characterize the most recent of new infections (3). trends in diagnoses of perinatal HIV infection by race/ethnicity, To address these racial disparities in the prevalence and CDC analyzed national HIV surveillance data for the period incidence of HIV infection, CDC conducts research and 2004–2007 from 34 states. This report summarizes the results supports programs for HIV prevention among blacks in the of those analyses, which indicated that, during 2004–2007, United States. These efforts include increasing HIV testing 85% of diagnoses of perinatal HIV infection were in blacks or opportunities nationwide, particularly in areas with the high- African Americans (69%) or Hispanics or Latinos (16%). The est number of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) average annual rate of diagnoses of perinatal HIV infection cases among blacks (4). during 2004–2007 was 12.3 per 100,000 among blacks, 2.1 per Information regarding National Black HIV/AIDS 100,000 among Hispanics, and 0.5 per 100,000 among whites. Awareness Day is available at http://www.blackaidsday. However, from 2004 to 2007, the racial/ethnic disparity nar- org/nbhaad.html. Information regarding blacks and HIV/ rowed, as the annual rate of diagnoses of perinatal HIV infection AIDS is available at http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/aa/ for black children decreased from 14.8 to 10.2 per 100,000, index.htm. and the rate for Hispanic children decreased from 2.9 to 1.7 References per 100,000. To further reduce perinatal HIV transmission 1. CDC. HIV prevalence estimates—United States, 2006. MMWR and racial/ethnic disparities, HIV-infected pregnant women, 2008;57:1073–6. 2. Hall I, Song R, Rhodes P, et al; HIV Incidence Surveillance Group. Estimation of HIV incidence in the United States. JAMA 2008;300:520–9. INSIDE 3. CDC. Subpopulation estimates from the HIV incidence surveillance 102 Jimsonweed Poisoning Associated with a Homemade system—United States, 2006. MMWR 2008;57:985–9. 4. CDC. A heightened national response to the HIV/AIDS crisis among Stew — Maryland, 2008 African Americans. Revised June 2007. Available at http://www.cdc. 105 State Preemption of Local Smoke-Free Laws in gov/hiv/topics/aa/resources/reports/heightendresponse.htm. Accessed Government Work Sites, Private Work Sites, and Jan
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