; National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day - February 7, 2010
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National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day - February 7, 2010

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February 7 is National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day. The estimated HIV prevalence and incidence rates for black men and women were higher than those for any other racial/ethnic population. To address these racial disparities in the prevalence and incidence of HIV infection, CDC conducts research and supports programs for HIV prevention among blacks in the US.

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									           Please note: An erratum has been published for this issue. To view the erratum, please click here.




                                                                          Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Weekly / Vol. 59 / No. 4                                                                                            February 5, 2010


                                                                               Racial/Ethnic Disparities Among
     National Black HIV/AIDS
                                                                                 Children with Diagnoses of
 Awareness Day — February 7, 2010
                                                                                  Perinatal HIV Infection —
     February 7 is National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness                                34 States, 2004–2007
 Day. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
 disproportionately affects blacks living in the United States.                Early in the epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus/
 In 2006, blacks made up 12% of the population aged >13                    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in the
 years but accounted for 46% of the number of persons                      United States, racial/ethnic disparities were observed in the diag-
 estimated to be living with HIV (1). Both the estimated                   noses of AIDS among adults and children (1). Since the early
 HIV prevalence and incidence rates for black men and                      1990s, the annual number of diagnoses of perinatally acquired
 women were higher than those for any other racial/ethnic                  AIDS and HIV infection has declined by approximately 90%
 population (1,2). Among black males, male-to-male sexual                  in the United States as a result of routine HIV screening of
 contact accounted for 63% of new infections; among black                  pregnant women and the availability of effective interventions
 females, high-risk heterosexual contact accounted for 83%                 to prevent transmission (2,3). To characterize the most recent
 of new infections (3).                                                    trends in diagnoses of perinatal HIV infection by race/ethnicity,
     To address these racial disparities in the prevalence and             CDC analyzed national HIV surveillance data for the period
 incidence of HIV infection, CDC conducts research and                     2004–2007 from 34 states. This report summarizes the results
 supports programs for HIV prevention among blacks in the                  of those analyses, which indicated that, during 2004–2007,
 United States. These efforts include increasing HIV testing               85% of diagnoses of
								
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