The logistic growth model (e.g., Sepkoski 1981, 1984), the unconstrained exponential model (Stanley 2007; see also Bambach 1999), rock-volume/sea level effects (e.g., Raup 1972; Peters and Foote 2001; Peters 2006), and "Pull-of-theRecent" (e.g., Jablonski et al. 2003) are just a few examples of explanations that develop from, are evaluated against, or are motivated by preexisting data. [...] whereas deductive approaches have been used in macroevolutionary contexts (e.g., Raup 1966; McShea 1994; Holland 1995; Niklas 1997), the history of global biodiversity has been considered primarily from the inductive standpoint.
Theoretical diversity of the marine biosphere Michal Kowalewski; Seth Finnegan Paleobiology; Winter 2010; 36, 1
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