The main “pull” factor has been a mission more theologically reflective, encouraging does not answer questions concerning
reversal whereby Africans are inspired to African immigrant churches in Europe to how African spirituality can effectively
proclaim the Gospel in Europe. It is hoped engage the West in practical ways. The transform the European religious ethos
that through this development, Europeans African church in Europe is strong and and what the possible results of this process
will become stimulated to regain the love is meeting the spiritual and existential might be. Ultimately the reevangelization
of God they have abandoned. needs of those it serves. But it also faces of Europe belongs to the Europeans them-
The book has seven chapters. In the challenges, including ethnocentrism, selves, not to Africans. There are already
first three, the author takes readers into paternalism, and the notion of swart internal immigrants from Eastern Europe
the African spiritual world. She argues gevaar (Afrikaans: “black threat”; i.e., fear crossing over to Western Europe and
that Africans do not separate the world of of black presence). contributing to European reconversion.
the primordial universe from the natural The book is a powerful contribution to Perhaps the God who became African can
world. They cross the open frontiers our understanding of immigrant churches yet again become European.
between the two at will. “In Africa, in Europe. It successfully comes to terms —Caleb O. Oladipo
‘religion’ refers to the widespread belief in with African spirituality and raises an
an invisible world, inhabited by spiritual important point in stating that “African Caleb O. Oladipo, from Nigeria, is the Duke K.
forces or entities that are deemed to have Christianity reflects a strong element of McCall Professor of Mission and World Christianity
effective powers over the material world” continuity with the continent’s original at the Baptist Theological Seminary at Richmond,
(p. 1). The tone of the last four chapters is religious traditions” (p. 99). The book in Virginia.
Give Jesus a Hand! Charismatic has given rise to populist middle-class
Christians: Populist Religion and religion, thriving in the established and
Politics in the Philippines. nonestablished churches, both Roman
Catholic and Protestant. While populist
By Christl Kessler and Jürgen Rüland. Quezon movements often weaken resistance to
City: Ateneo de Manila Univ. Press, 2008. authoritarianism by turning inward for
Pp. xi, 226. Paperback $37. renewal, the movements in the Philippines
cannot be so easily pigeonholed. For many
Scholars working and living in the Phil- Following the social theory of Peter charismatic Christians personal renewal is
ippines have been waiting for studies Berger and Thomas Luckman, the authors the only way to induce the rich to change.
on the growing influence of charismatic attempt to uncover the social lifeworld of The new movements often see their work
movements among Filipinos. While there charismatic Christians in contemporary as providing opportunities for the poor,
are a few helpful efforts such as Lode Philip