ARS Research Programs in Systematics and Collections by ProQuest


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									                                        Stewardship of the ARS         today’s breeders have not even      Though ARS’s animal germ-
ARS Research                         scientific collections is a       conceived of yet. The agency     plasm collections are not as old
Programs in                          major concern for the agency      is also working to promote       or extensive as the plant and
                                                                       more international germplasm     microbial collections, major
Systematics                          and the country. Priorities
                                     for the programs include          exchanges.                       efforts are being made to
and Collections                      identifying and filling gaps         In addition, ARS is using     identify, preserve, characterize,
                                     in germplasm collections,         its unique resources to men-     and distribute animal germ-
   Agricultural Research Ser-
                                     especially wild relatives of      tor and train researchers and    plasm. Research is focusing
vice programs for systematics
                                     crops that are endangered by      technicians around the world,    on developing ways to improve
and collections fall mainly
                                     habitat loss; preservation of     which will help other coun-      the viability of cryopreserved
under two national programs—
                                     stored germplasm; improving       tries expand their efforts to    germplasm for some species.
Plant Genetic Resources, Ge-
                                     protocols for germ plasm          preserve and protect native         Development of inter-
nomics, and Genetic Improve-
                                     regeneration; ensur ing the       germplasm.                       national databases for ani-
ment (#301) and Food Animal
                                     accuracy of collections; and         The agency’s Germplasm        mal germplasm is also
Production (#101). There are
                                     expanding the availability of     Resources Information Net-       gaining momentum. Current
more than 15 categories of
                                     germplasm information and         work (GRIN), currently an im-    livestock database-building
collections, including plant and
                                     genetic material.                 portant source of information    efforts are being coordinated
animal germplasm, bacteria,
                                        ARS works with national        about ARS plant germplasm,       among ARS, Canadian, and
fungi, nematodes, molecular
                                     and i
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