A compelling essay within this group is the Barron H. Lerner paper of the noted breast cancer advocate Rose Kushner's attack on adjuvant chemotherapy, a gripping presentation of the dichotomy of blurred roles and conflict of interest of a successful advocate in addition to being spokesperson for a pharmaceutical company. Cantor has assembled a collection that has appeal to those interested in the development and evolution of cancer treatments, the effect of gender and advocacy upon modifying or changing treatment protocols, and how public awareness and involvement has spurred cancer awareness and care.
Book Reviews 239 breast cancer. It is important that nurses committed to disease prevention and accurately reporting the clinical practice histories of our profession read this work and use the ﬁndings in this study to better inform both our clinical activities and our historical analysis of illness as a lived experience in American society. Linda E. Sabin, RNC, PhD Professor of Nursing University of Louisiana at Monroe 700 University Avenue Monroe, LA 71209 Cancer in the Twentieth Century Edited by David Cantor (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008) (350 pages; $25.00 paper) Cancer in the Twentieth Century is a compilation of selected papers presented at a 2004 same-named workshop at the National Institutes of Health in 2004. As editor, David Can- tor presents these papers organized into three themes: “Between Education and Market- ing,” “Therapeutics,” and “Prevention and Risk.” Focusing primarily on Britain and the United States, these selections provide a trajectory of thought to cancer approaches and treatments from the early 1900s to the 1980s. Only a few speciﬁc cancers are addressed, serving as global representations for this disease. Whereas early American approaches to cancer focused on detection, treatment, and public education, the British approach diﬀered in its focus geared more to the practitio- ner and therapies. Indeed, the British led the use of radium for cancer treatment in the 1920s and 1930s. The section “Between Education and Marketing” highlights the dif- ferences between these philosophical approaches to public cancer education. American approaches included the use of media for public education, particularly the movies. The American Cancer Society spearheaded funding movies, trailers, and shorts with mixed results. Increasing cancer awareness through publicizing children’
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