Reinventing the Music Business by ProQuest


The music industry continues to reel from the slow-burning demise of the major-label system and the meteoric rise of ubiquitous content, peer-to-peer file sharing, and newer, easier ways to produce, promote, and distribute work digitally. In the old days, bands signed to a label, recorded an album, and toured in support of it. Nowadays, musicians have the option of signing to a label (large or small), relying on outside investment, or finding the time, energy, and money to manage everything themselves -- the do-it-yourself approach. Even with an army of publicists behind them, bands need to take advantage of social networking sites to connect with fans, spread the word about their music, and gain support. Such online music services, which enable users to access virtually any music at any time without having to download it, could render peer-to-peer file sharing -- the industry's white whale -- a thing of the past.

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									ready increased the num-
ber of inspections that
DHS performs every
                               World Trends & Forecasts
month by 57%, and in
turn the number of leases
signed increased by 25%
in one year.                     “Every spiral galaxy has a complex for-                 “Before an upcoming exam, I’ll probably
Sources: New York City De-     mation and evolutionary history,” says                 check it out to see if I find any information
partment of Homeless Ser-      Kazantzidis. “We would hope to under-                  that I didn’t have notes on myself,” says
vices,        stand exactly how the Milky Way formed                 Ashley Horowitz, a junior at the University
Global Bay Mobile, www         and how it will evolve. We may never suc-              of Florida.   ceed in knowing its exact history, but we can             She explains that, while many classes
.html.                         try to learn as much as we can about it.”              have Cliff Notes and other printed study
                                                             — Rick Docksai           guides, this Web site can help users more
                                                                                      easily find specific information that they
Magnetism Observed             Source: Stelios Kazantzidis,       need.
In a Gas                                                                                 “You can go to this site and choose the
    Physicists at the Mas-                                                            notes you want to view and find any other
sachusetts Institute of                                                               pertinent information that other people
Technology have for the        Education                                              may have posted that will help you to fur-
first time observed ferro-                                                            ther succeed,” Horowitz says.
magnetic behavior in                                                                     How does one know that the notes are
atomic gas. Like common
solid magnets iron and
                               Networked Learning                                     good? Check the ratings. Users can rate
                                                                                      notes for accuracy and content; notes with
nickel, the lithium-6 at-
oms under the scientists’
                               Study groups go global, virtually.                     the highest ratings appear at the top of any
scrutiny became ferro-                                                                search.
magnetic at ultracold tem-        Many college students gather in small                  “You know which notes are top quality
peratures — i.e., they be-     study groups to help each other get ready              and can be most beneficial to you and your
came strongly magnetized       for tests and term papers. But on one new              particular class or situation,” says Howoritz.
even in the absence of a       Web site, they can find a study group that                That’s not to say that Cliff Notes or study
magnetic field.                spans the entire globe.                                groups will go out of fashion. Students will
    Leading the work is           GradeGuru, a new social-networking                  simply have one more tool to use.
Nobel laureate Wolfgang        Web site, is for student users to upload pa-              “It’s all about personal preference in the
Ketterle, who, with his
                               pers, class notes, and study guides for shar-          end, but I think GradeGuru is a great addi-
colleagues, is studying
novel magnetic materials
                               ing and collaborative thinking.                        tion and great option for students to help
and their potential appli-        “GradeGuru is essentially the Web 2.0 ver-          succeed in classes,” says Horowitz.
cations in data storage,       sion of a study group,” writes Emily Sawtell,                                          — Rick Docksai
nanotechnology, medical        founder of GradeGuru. The site gives stu-
diagnostics, and other         dents the chance to get help from peers                Sources: GradeGuru,
critical fields.               across the world, not just in their class.               Ashley Horowitz, University of Florida,
Source: MIT,         “Many students are already engaging in
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