Expressions_A_U2

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					Notes to the Text
   Words and Expressions
2   2




        Active Expressions

         Focus Study
    2              Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
2

                 I. Active Expressions
    In English, you may find some expressions
    formed by very common words, but they
    are active and powerful.

          e.g.

        • What’s on at the cinema tonight?
          今晚电影院上演什么?
        • What’s he up to?
          他忙什么呢?
      2              Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
2


      Find out the active expressions:
    1. I was a promising amateur skier, but by no
        means the top skier in the country.
    2. … there were … more than a few tears, …
    3. … I could always count on being encouraged
       by …
    4. Ask the damn boys!
     2            Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
2



    by no means     in no way; not at all

    more than       to a greater degree than is
                    necessary or than average
    count on        rely on
    damn            (informal) used for expressing
                    anger or annoyance
    2             Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
2


         Translation
        1. 我一点也不能肯定这样做是对的。
        2. 这个国家生产的粮食超过自给。
        3. 不要指望这儿五月会有好天气。
        4. 有个该死的笨蛋把车停得太靠近我的
           车了。
        2                  Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
  2

        Key

      1. I’m by no means sure that this is the right
            thing to do.
      2. The country produces more than enough
            food to feed itself.
      3. You can’t count on a good weather in May.
      4. Some damn fool has parked too close to
         mine.

More Practice
    2         Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
2


         More Practice
        1. 理论决不能脱离实践。
        2. 我们已经买得够多了。
        3. 我能不能依靠你的帮忙?
        4. 我解不开这该死的扣子。
    2             Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
2


        Key
    1. By no means can theory be separated
         from practice.
    2. We’ve bought more than enough.
    3. Can I count on your help?
    4. I can’t get this damn button undone.
      2                    Notes to the Text—Focus Study
  2


                    II. Focus Study

       1. I was so nervous in his presence.


      in sb’s presence           当着„„的面
      in the presence of sb.




Practice
    2                    Notes to the Text—Focus Study
2


        Translation
    • 在这么多人面前,我几乎说不出话。
    • 别当着她的面提这事。

    • I could think of little to say in the
      presence of so many people.
    • Don’t mention it in her presence.
        2                  Notes to the Text—Focus Study
  2


      2. Romantic and otherwise, Nikolai knew love.


                  otherwise 另外的




Practice
    2                    Notes to the Text—Focus Study
2

        Translation
    • 这件事上我没有意见,好或不好的都没有。
    • 恐怕下周末没办法见你,我有别的事。

    • I have no opinion, good or otherwise, on
      this subject.
    • I’m afraid I can’t see you next weekend
      because I’m otherwise engaged.
       2                    Notes to the Text—Focus Study
 2


       3. He never asked this of me again, nor
          did he take much notice of my outburst.

           With “nor” placed at the beginning of a
           sentence, its order should be inverted
           (倒装).




More
      2                      Notes to the Text—Focus Study
  2

      More expressions
      neither/little/only/hardly
      seldom
      not only
      not until
      under no circumstances
      no sooner ... than ...
      scarcely (hardly) ... when ...



Practice
     2                    Notes to the Text—Focus Study
2

      Translation
    • 他没有做,也没有尝试一下。
    • 我再也没有见到他, 也没有收到过他的信。

    • He does not do it, nor does he try.
    • I never saw him again, nor did I hear from him.
     2                      Notes to the Text—Focus Study
2


    4. When coaching, he would sing out his
       instructions keeping rhythm with our stride.

         A dear lady friend of my grandfather, after
         viewing a copy of a video of me training with
         Nikolai, asked…

                Conj. + V-ing/V-ed, S+V
     2                       Notes to the Text—Focus Study
2

      Translation
    • 虽然会英语,她不敢和那外国人说话。
    • 如果被邀请,我会去参加这宴会的。

    • Though knowing English, she was afraid to
      speak to the foreigner.
    • If invited, I will go to the party.
     2                     Notes to the Text—Focus Study
2

    5. Missing the Olympic Team the previous
       year had made me pause and reflect on
       what I had gainednot the least of
       which was a quiet, indissoluble bond with
       a short man in a tropical shirt.

    not the least of which = the most important of which

                    bond = relationship
    2                          Notes to the Text—Focus Study
2

    6. He taught me to be thankful in advance
       for a century of life on earth, and to
       remind myself every day that despite the
       challenges at hand, …


        in advance: before a particular date or event

        a century of life on earth: the life I will live in
                                    this world
2   2




        Word Using
        Chinese to English
        Correcting the Expressions
      2              Words and Expressions—Word Using
2
                    I. Word Using
    1. promising adj.
       showing signs of being successful in the future
      Translation
       他是位很有前途的作家。
       Key
       He is a promising writer.
    2               Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    2. amusing adj.
       causing you laugh or smile
        e.g.
        He is a very amusing person and he
        makes me laugh a lot.
        Use It
        Do you have any amusing experience?

        同根词
        amused; amusement
      2               Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    3. anniversary n.
       a day that is exactly a year or a number of years
       after a special or important event

       Translation
       今天是这所大学100周年校庆日。
       Key
       Today marks the 100th anniversary of the
       foundation of this university.
     2                 Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    4. gratitude n.
       the feelings of being grateful or thankful
      Translation
         I’d like to take this opportunity to express
         my gratitude to the local government for
         your nice arrangement.
         Key
         借此机会,我想感谢当地政府,感谢你们
         的精心安排。
    2               Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    5. fatigue v.
        to make someone feel tired

        Use It
        What often makes you feel fatigued?


        Tips
        too much homework; traveling; …
    2              Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

6. indifferent adj.
    not interested in or caring about sb./sth.

    e.g.
    How can you remain indifferent when
    children are suffering?

    形近词
    different
     2               Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    7. pack into v.
       to put in a very small place

         e.g.

    • About 250 students were packed into the
      classroom and I found it hard to breathe.
    • They packed a lot of things into their
      three days in Rome.
    2                 Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    8. assert v.
       to say sth. clearly and firmly
        Translation
        He asserted that the girl had stolen his wallet.
        Key
        他坚持说那个女孩偷了他的钱包。
        形近词
        insert
     2              Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    9. swear (swore, sworn) v.
       ① to use rude or bad language; to curse

      Translation
      他不小心用铁锤打中了拇指,就大声咒骂起来。

      Key
      He hit his thumb with the hammer and swore
      loudly.
     2               Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    9. swear (swore, sworn) v.
      ② to make a serious promise

     Use It
         When or where do people need to swear?

     Tips
     When people get married/join a party/…
     In court/At the Olympic Games …
     2                Words and Expressions—Word Using
2
    10. outburst n.
        a sudden expression of a strong feeling,
        especially anger
      Translation
      This remark brought an outburst of laughter.
         Key
         这句话引起了一阵笑声。
      Interesting Formation of words
     burst out      outburst   come out   outcome
     break out      outbreak   look out   outlook
     …
    2                 Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

11. persist v.
    to continue doing sth. even though other people
    say that you are wrong or that you cannot do it
        Translation
        If you persist in being late for work, you
        will be fired.
        Key
        如果你上班老迟到,你会被开除的。
        形近词
        insist
    2            Words and Expressions—C to E
2
        II. Chinese to English
       前苏联        •   ex-Soviet
      在他面前        •   in his presence
      放低嗓门        •   lower his voice
     结婚纪念日        •   wedding anniversary
        溺爱        •   baby
       单身汉        •   bachelor
       皱眉头        •   frown
“我告诉过你无数次”        •   I’ve-told-you-a-billion-times
       的语气            tone
    2             Words and Expressions— Correction
2

           III. Correcting the Expressions
        Nikolai was not a native speaker of
        English, he couldn’t speak standard
        English. So in the text we could see now
        and then he used bad grammar. Let’s
        correct these expressions for him.
    2                Words and Expressions—Correction
2



    1. Nagano Olympics too soon for you, but
       for 2002 in Salt Lake City, you could be
       ready.
        Correction
        Nagano Olympics is too soon for you, …
      2                   Words and Expressions—Correction
2


    2. I am practice, practice, practice in the stadium.

       Correction
          I was practicing, practicing, practicing in the
          stadium.
      2                Words and Expressions—Correction
2


    3. I am 26 years old before I ever kiss a girl! She
       was the woman I later marry.
       Correction
       I had been 26 years old before I ever kissed
       a girl! She was the woman I later married.
    2                   Words and Expressions—Correction
2

        4. Now must be ski, ski, ski.
           Now must be love, love, love.

           Correction
           Now, you must ski, ski, and ski.
           Now, you must love, love and love.
    2                   Words and Expressions—Correction
2

        5. But the faster knee down, the better.

           Correction
           But the faster you knee down, the
           better you’ll ski.
    2                Words and Expressions—Correction
2


    6. Billion times you make motion then be
       perfect, …You must be patient.
        Correction
        You must be patient and make the
        movement many times before it’ll be
        perfect.
       2       The End of Section A
  2




To Section B
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