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					Section A / Unit 1
  2 1




                      Active Expressions
                      Focus Study
     1               Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
2

    Find out the active expressions:
1. We are slaves to nothing but the clock.

2. They will miss the ritual interaction that goes
   with a welcoming cup of tea or coffee …

3. To us … has little or no relation to the
   significance of the matter at hand.

4. In America, too, a final agreement will normally
    be signed in person.
      1              Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
2


      Active Expressions

    1. nothing but + n. / pron. / to do… ……只……

    2. go with sth. 伴随……

    3. at hand 在附近…… 临近的……

    4. in person 亲自,亲身
       1             Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
2

       Translation
    1. 他成天什么也不干,只知道睡觉。
    2. 幸福未必伴随金钱而来。
    3. 他写东西时,手边总放着一本字典。
    4. 在中国,要开银行账户,需本人亲自去
       银行办理。


Tips
       1              Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
 2


     1. There he did nothing but sleep all day long.
     2. Happiness doesn't necessarily go with money.
     3. When he writes, he always keep a dictionary
        at hand .
     4. If one wants to open a bank account in China,
        he must go to the bank in person.



More Practice
    1              Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
2


     Translation

    1. 她瘦得只剩下皮包骨了。
    2. 健康欠佳与贫穷常常如影相随。
    3. 圣诞节就要到了,你有什么节目吗?
    4. 合同必须亲自去那签,不能邮寄的。
2   1             Notes to the Text—Active Expressions




1. She's nothing but skin and bones!
2. Ill health often goes with poverty.
3. The Christmas Day is almost at hand, have
   you got any idea for it?
4. You’ve to go sign for a contract in person,
   they can’t just mail it.
        1                   Notes to the Text—Focus Study
  2

                     II. Focus Study

      1. Once the sands have run out of a person’s
        hourglass, they cannot be replaced.

            Once … ,
            一旦…… 便……




Practice
      1                      Notes to the Text—Focus Study
2


       Translation
    • 她一到我们就开始。
    • 一旦染上坏习惯,想改掉就难了。
    • Once she arrives, we can start.
    • Once you get into a bad habit, you'll find it hard
      to get out of it.
        1                   Notes to the Text—Focus Study
  2

      2. … which though pleasant, take longer —
        especially given our traffic-filled streets.

              given + n./ that clause ,
            如果有……, 假如;考虑到……




Practice
     1                  Notes to the Text—Focus Study
2


    Translation
• 考虑到他们缺乏经验,他们算做得很出色了。
• 如果照样再给他治疗一次,他肯定会痊愈。

• Given their inexperience, they’ve done a good
  job.
• Given the same treatment again, he is sure to
  get well.
      1                      Notes to the Text—Focus Study
  2


   3. … the telephone service is superb here,
     whereas the postal service is less efficient.


                  whereas … ,
                  却;而

          paragraph
          Note:
          “whereas” is used to show the contrast.

Practice
    1                   Notes to the Text—Focus Study
2


    Translation
• 有些人喜欢肥肉,而有些人却不喜欢。
• 为什么有的癌症可用化学疗法治愈,
  而有的癌症却一点都不受药物影响?
• Some people like fatty meat, whereas others
  hate it.
• Why are some cancers cured by chemotherapy
  alone, whereas others are unaffected by drugs?
 Word Using
 Matching Game
 Chinese to English
      1                Words and Expressions—Word Using
2
                      I. Word Using
    1. fall behind sb./sth.
       ① to become bit by bit further behind

      Translation
          他的英语学习一直落后于同组同学。
          Key
          He’s been falling behind his group members
          in English learning.
      1               Words and Expressions—Word Using
2


    1. fall behind sb./sth.
      ② to fail to produce sth. at the proper time

       Translation
       我工作拖下来了,我得想办法赶上。
          Key
       I’m falling behind with my work; I must
       try to catch up.
      1               Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    2. result in
       to cause, to have as a result, to lead to

       Translation
      Acting before thinking always results in failing.
       Key
      做事不先考虑总是会失败的。
      1             Words and Expressions—Word Using
2
    3. budget vt.
      ① to plan the spending of …

      Translation
    • 学校做出了一项一百万美元的预算用于建设一
      座新的图书馆。
    • She is extremely busy, so she has to budget
      her time carefully.
      Key
    • The school budgeted one million dollars for
      a new library.
    • 她忙极了,所以必须好好安排时间。
      1                 Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    3. budget (for) vi.
      ② to save or spend money for …

          Translation
          小两口为下一年定预算。
          Key
          The young couple budgeted for the
          coming year.
      1                 Words and Expressions—Word Using
2
    3. budget n.
      ③ a plan to show how much a person
       will be able to spend

          Translation
          量入为出是很重要的。
          Key
          It is essential to balance one's budget.
     1                 Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    3. budget adj.
      ④ inexpensive, cheap


         Translation
         他以低廉的价钱买下这所房子。

         Key
         He bought the house at a budget price.
      1              Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    4. account for
      ① to give a satisfactory explanation for …

      Translation
      珍妮不得不向父亲说明每一个便士是怎么花的。
       Key
      Jenny had to account to her father for every
      penny she spent.
     1               Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    4. account for
     ② to be a proportion of sth.

     Translation
      Girls account for half of the class.
      Key
     女生占了我们班一半人数。
    1                Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    5. replace vt.
        ① to put sth. back in its place

    Translation
    她将听筒放了回去。
        Key
        She replaced the receiver.
      1                 Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    5. replace A with B
      ② to take the place of

          Translation
       • 电灯已经取代了蜡烛。
       • 刹车需要更换。
          Key
       • Human beings have replaced candles with
         electric lights .
       • The brakes have to be replaced.
     1                Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    6. count vi.
       If sth. counts, it’s important or valuable;

      Translation
    • 考试前,每一秒钟都很重要。
    • 就运动而言,重要的不是赢,而是参与。
         Key
    • Every minute counts before the exam.
    • In sport what really counts is not the winning
      but the playing.
      1              Words and Expressions—Word Using
2
    7. convention n.
       customary practice 习俗,惯例

      Use It
    • What’s the convention for men to wear on
      formal occasions?
    • What’s the convention for Chinese wedding?
      Tips
    • It’s the convention for men to wear suits on
      formal occasions.
    • It’s the convention for … to …
      1                 Words and Expressions—Word Using
2
    8. assess vt.
       to judge or decide the amount, value, quality or
      importance of…

          Translation
     • 现在来评价新法规的效果为时尚早。
     • 事故后警察确定了损害赔偿金额。
          Key
      • It is too early to assess the effects of the
         new legislation.
      • The police assessed damage after the accident.
      1             Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    9. much less
      still less, let alone and even less likely 更别提

      Translation
       He can hardly afford beer, much less
       champagne.
      Keys
      他连啤酒都喝不起,更不用说香槟了。
      1                Words and Expressions—Word Using
2

    10. be worthy of
          deserving 值得

      Use It
       What is worthy of your working hard?

      Reference
          … is worthy of our working hard.
       1            Words and Expressions—Matching Game
2

                  II. Matching Game

    c
    __ superb          a. carry out
                       b. impatiently
    f
    __ budget
                       c. excellent, outstanding
    d
    __ acute           d. fine, sharp
    e
    __ skillful        e. having or showing ability to
    b
    __ restlessly        do sth. well
    a
    __ conduct         f. plan the spending of
    1                 Words and Expressions—C to E
2
          III. Chinese to English
         停滞不前        •   stand still
         消磨时间        •   kill time
            要价       •   charge (money) for sth.
         承受压力        •   be under pressure
         生活节奏        •   pace of life
        开场白/寒暄       •   opening exchanges
        礼节性交往        •   ritual interaction
         邮政服务        •   postal service
        金钱的奴隶        •   slave to money
         直接接触        •   personal contacts
    1   The End of Section A
2

				
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