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					WPI and Internet2

 Thomas J. Lynch III, Ph.D.
 Vice President for Information Technology
 Worcester Polytechnic Institute
 tlynch@wpi.edu        http://www.wpi.edu/
 30 August 1999

 Presentation sponsored by:
 WitP Worcester InfoTech Project
                                             1
What’s going on?                                                Waves of Power

 Key symbolic events
    •   IBM S/360 family 1964
    •   IBM PC 1981
    •   Mosaic 1993, GUI, WWW
 Today: merge computers &
  communications
 Focus: connectivity & bandwidth
 Mission: wire the world
 Wiring is in the woodwork
    •   “Wired” vs “Dial Tone” Magazine
 Next Focus: multimedia content
  for the much talked about information society




                       Source: Waves of Power, David Moschella, AMACOM
                                                                               2
                      American Management Association, NY, NY, 1997, pg. 98.
  IT Industry Perspective on PCs
 Is the great proliferation of
  computers a largely unprecedented
  phenomenon? No!
 Pace of computer deployment is not
  dramatically slower or faster than
  that for telephones, TV, autos.
 Telephone took the longest to fully
  emerge since it required the
  physical wiring of the American
  landscape.
 Parallels:
    •   Computers, like telephones, are used by
        both consumers and business and need to
        be ubiquitously available.
    •   Like autos the PC requires considerable
        investment and training.
                                                   Total number of computers may
    •   Like TV computers offer instant access to
        a global community often transcending       eventually fall somewhere between
        time, distance and language.                that of telephones and TV.

                           Source: Waves of Power, David Moschella, AMACOM
                                                                                        3
                          American Management Association, NY, N.Y,1997, pg 86.
Network-centric Paradigm Shift
       1981 - 1994                                     1995 - 2005
 PC-centric                                     Network-centric
 Microprocessor speed                           Communications bandwidth
 Moore’s Law                                    Metcalfe’s Law
 Local area networks                            Wide area networks
 Graphical interfaces                           Internet browsers
 Indirect distribution channels                 Online direct distribution channels
 Standalone products                            Bundled products
 Client/server automation                       E-commerce
 Individual productivity                        Virtual communities
 Horizontal computer industry                   Converged industry value chain
 Global products                                National services



                   Source: Waves of Power, David Moschella, AMACOM
                                                                                  4
                  American Management Association, NY, NY, 1997, pg. 100.
A Content-centered Future
 Core: communities of audiences
  with particular sets of needs
   • Niche: Boston-area chiropractors
   • Broad: World cup soccer fans
 Layer 2: forms of content
   • Multiple offerings driven by community
   • Brand-driven strategy captures mind share
 Layer 3: model of broad range of
  services revolving around a particular content brand is
  fundamentally different from today
  • Today: Providers are associated with a particular technology--
    TV, print, film, audio, events, ...
  • Tomorrow: uncoupling of services and media
                    Source: Waves of Power, David Moschella, AMACOM         5
                  American Management Association, NY, NY, 1997, pg. 267.
Internet2 Overview
 History
 Goals
 Members
 Applications
 Engineering
 Architecture
 Abilene Network
 Technology Transfer
 WPI / NEESCom I2 gigaPoP
                             6
History
ARPAnet origins circa 1969
  • Government research sites, military facilities, key
    military contractors
  • Early 1980s: TCP/IP becomes the “standard”
  • Research needs of military allowed university access
1987 NSFnet: non-commercial use
  • Schools and research orgs are largest users
  • Privatization 1995; MCI 5-year vBNS contract
  • Hyperlinks and Mosaic spur growth
Higher Ed planning in 1995/1996
  • Are our research and education needs
    being met by today’s internet?
                                                    7
What is Internet2?
Not the successor of the Internet
Not even a network
It is a research project run by UCAID
  (University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development)
  • Group acting to establish high-speed service for
    a closed community of universities and research
    organizations
  • Use next generation technologies to deliver
    advanced multimedia and collaborative
    applications at a distance
  • 5-year time line
                                                               8
I2 Mission
“Facilitate and coordinate the
 development, operation and technology
 transfer of advanced, network-based
 applications and network services to
 further U.S. leadership in research and
 higher education and accelerate the
 availability of new services and
 applications on the Internet.”

                                       9
 Internet2 Project Goals
Enable new generation of applications

Re-create leading edge R&E network
 capability

Technology transfer capability to the
 global production Internet

                                         10
History of Internet2
September 1995: Monterey Futures Conference
August 1996: Cheyenne Mountain Workshop
October 1996: Internet2 Project formed; (34 Univ)
January 1997: First Internet2 Member Meeting
October 1997: UCAID formed
April 1998: Abilene Project Announced
September 1998: Middleware Initiative Announced
January 1999: Abilene in Production

                                                     11
  Commercialization                               Privatization
21st Century                                             Interoperable
Networking                                               High Performance
               SprintLink                                Research &Education
               InternetMCI             US Govt           Networks
                                       Networks
                                       ANS



                          ARPAnet
 Active                                NSFNET
               gigabit
 Nets          testbeds
 wireless                                         Internet2, Abilene, vBNS
 WDM
                           Quality of Service     Advanced US Govt Networks
                           (QoS)

  Research and
  Development                                     Partnerships
                                                                    12
                                      Internet2 Universities
                                          146 Members as of March 1999




                                                                  13
University of Puerto Rico not shown
 Internet2 Corporate Partners
Contributions >$1M. Together have committed over $30 million in support for I2!

  3Com                                 Lucent Technologies
  Advanced Network &                   MCI Worldcom
   Services                             Newbridge Networks
  Ameritech                            Nortel Networks
  AT&T                                 Packet Engines
  Cabletron Systems                    Qwest Communications
  Cisco Systems                        Sprint
  FORE Systems                         StarBurst
  IBM                                   Communications
  ITC^Deltacom

                                                                             14
Internet2 Corporate Sponsors
Bell South
SBC Technology
 Resources
StorageTek
Torrent Networking
 Technologies




                           15
Internet2 Corporate Members
 Alcatel Telecom                    Nokia Research Center
 Apple Computers, Inc.              Novell
 AppliedTheory Communications       Pacific Bell
  Inc.                                Project Oxygen, Ltd.
 Bell Atlantic                      RR Donnelley and Sons
 Bellcore                            Company
 British Telecommunications         Siemens
 Compaq                             Sun Microsystems
 Deutsche Telekom                   Sylvan Learning Systems, Inc.
 Fujitsu Laboratories of America    TeleBeam Inc.
 GTE Internetworking                Teleglobe
 Hitachi                            TransMedia Communications
 IXC Communications Inc.            Williams Communications Group
 KDD                                WorldPort Communications Inc.
 Litton Network Access Systems
 Nexabit Networks
 Nippon Telephone and Telegraph
  (NTT)                                                          16
Advanced Internet Benefits
Richer content through higher
 bandwidth
 • Video, audio
 • Virtual reality
 • Dynamic not static
More interactivity via minimal delay
Reliable content delivery through
 quality of service model

                                        17
Applications and Engineering
Chicken and Egg Problem--

             Applications


Motivate                     Enables


             Engineering
                                  18
Internet2 Applications
Goal 1: “Enable new generation of applications”

  Deliver qualitative and quantitative
   improvements in the conduct of:
    • Research
    • Teaching
    • Learning
  Require advanced networking

                                            19
Many Disciplines and Contexts
Sciences         Instruction
Arts             Collaboration
Humanities       Streaming video
Health care      Distributed
Business/Law      computation
Administration   Data mining
…                Virtual reality
                  Digital libraries
                  …
                                       20
Virtual Laboratories

Interactive
 research and
 instruction
Real-time access
 to remote
 scientific
 instruments


Images courtesy of the
University of Michigan   21
22
 Virtual Laboratories
Real-time access
 to remote
 instruments

University of
 Pittsburgh,
 Pittsburgh
 Supercomputing
 Center

 3-D Brain Mapping
                        23
 Digital Libraries

Video and audio

Indiana University




 Variations Project


                      24
 Distributed Computation

Multi-site
 databases

Old Dominion
 University

 Chesapeake Bay
 Simulation
                  Image courtesy of Old Dominion University




                                                              25
Distributed Computation
                         Large-scale
                          computation

                         University
                          Corporation
                          for
                          Atmospheric
                          Research


                                  26
Image courtesy of UCAR
Teleimmersion

Shared virtual
 reality

University of    Images courtesy
 Illinois at       Univ of Illinois-
                      Chicago
 Chicago

 Virtual
 Temporal
 Bone
                            27
The CAVE




Source: University of Illinois-Chicago

                                         28
29
I2 Technical Initiatives
Advanced Middleware
  • Architecture, components, standards
Differential Services (DiffServ)
  • Quality of Service (QoS)
  • Qbone DiffServ testbed
Digital Storage (I2-DSI)
Digital Video (I2-DVN)
Monitoring and Performance Tools
Network policy, authentication
                                          30
Engineering--Middleware
 Objective: a “Services Rich”
  Network Environment
 Functional services available to
  users and developers
   • Enabling new collaborations and applications
   • Supported as production quality
   • An integrated framework
 Scaled to the size of the research
  and education community
                                                    31
                    Applications:
         Horizontal, Vertical, Spot Solutions
                   Standard APIs
                     Middleware:
       Security, Directory, Quality of Service,
       Audio/Video Frameworks, Accounting,
       Collaboration Frameworks, Multicast
                   Standard APIs

       Operating system and network services

Interoperable Protocols
                                                  32
Technology Scope
 QoS                    Transaction systems
 Digital video/audio    Meta-computing
 Security               Management
 Collaboration          IP telephony
 Directories            Accounting/billing
 Multicast              E-commerce
 File systems           Object brokers
 Measurement            Search mechanisms
 Remote instruments     Printing
 IMS

                                                33
Engineering Objectives
Goal 2: “Re-create leading edge R&E network capability”

It’s about end-to-end, to-the-desktop
 services
    • Campus infrastructure
    • gigaPoP infrastructure
    • Inter-gigapop infrastructure
Establish quality of service (QoS)
Support native multicast

                                                    34
Digital Storage Initiative
 Focus: network file system caching; replication of files & services
 Infrastructure to support Internet Content Channels (server
  channels) for academia
 Replicated collections of files transparently delivered to end users
  at chosen cost/performance point. Uses a single URL.




                                                               35
 Multicast                                     Receivers




       Server




Server transmits a single stream
Network replicates the stream to all
 receivers                                                 36
                        Source: StarBurst Communications
Internet2 “network” = ?
Campus networks
State and regional networks (gigaPoPs)
Two nationwide backbones
  • vBNS
  • Abilene




                                     37
 Network Architecture
                    I2 Interconnect
                         Cloud
   GigaPoP                                 GigaPoP
     One                                     Two
                   I2 OC-12 ATM-based
               vBNS: Interconnect
              Abilene: OC-48 (-> OC-192)
                        Cloud
                    IP over SONET
       GigaPoP                         GigaPoP
        Three                            Four

“Gigabit capacity point of presence” an
aggregation point for regional connectivity
                                                     38
National Backbones
vBNS (very high speed backbone
 network service)
 • Five year (1995-2000) cooperative
   agreement between the NSF and MCI
 • Currently operating at OC12 (622
   mbps)…going to OC48
Now joined by Abilene Network


                                       39
 GigaPoPs
Variety of services and styles
 • Technical and organizational differences
 • Mixture of technologies
Some things must be the same
 • IP as common bearer service
 • Inter-GigaPoP routing policy and design
 • Measurement
 • Trouble tickets among network operations
   centers
                                              40
GigaPoP Architecture
                                       I2 Interconnect
                                            Cloud
          University A                    e.g. vBNS, Abilene



                                    GigaPoP
                                      One

                                              Commodity
         Regional Network                     Internet
                                              Connections

 University B        University C
                                                               41
Internet2 GigaPoPs
      WPI / NEESCom I2 gigaPoP




                           42
Abilene Project
 Provide advanced network testbed
 Support Internet2 applications development
 Demonstrate next generation operational and quality of
  service capabilities
 Create facilities for network research
 Bandwidth goals
   • 40 gigabit/s backbone within two years
   • Support 100 Mbit/s between any two end points for an
     application


                                                            43
                                                  Abilene Network
                                                                                   February 1999
                         Planned: 13,000 miles of fiber optic cable

                 Seattle

                                                                          NGIX North
                                                                          Startap



                                                                                            New York

                                                                Chicago
NGIX West   Sacramento
                                         Denver
                                                                                                   NGIX East
                                                                   Indianapolis             D.C.
                                                  Kansas City


                Los Angeles

                                                                                  Atlanta


              Peering Point

              Abilene Router Node                    Houston
              Operational January 1999

              Planned 1999
                                                                                                         44
Abilene Characteristics
2.4 Gbps (OC48) among gigaPoPs,
 increasing to 9.6 Gbps (OC192)
Connections at 622 Mbps (OC12) or
 155 Mbps (OC3)
IP over Sonet technology
Access PoPs very close to almost all
 of the anticipated university gigaPoPs


                                          45
Internet2 Technology Transfer
Goal 3: “Transfer capability to the global production
         Internet”

How will this happen?
  • Corporate partner, sponsor, members will lead the
    way
  • Qwest has invested $500M so far in I2
       This should affect their “commodity internet” operations
  • Enlist broader corporate participation
  • Regional community roles through regional
    networks, gigaPoPs                                         46
Benefits For I2 Members
Involvement in the decisions
Responsive to continuing needs
Driven by member research
Potential for increasing connectivity
 for all Internet2 university members
 wanting to participate in Research
 Goals


                                         47
What Does This Cost? A lot!
UCAID Membership                                         $25 k/year
Internet2 membership                                     $20 k/year
Abilene OC-3 subscription                                $110 k/year
Qwest Abilene backhaul                                   $12k k/year
One-time setup fee                                       $1k
TOTAL for OC-3 connect                                   $167 k/year
 PLUS your local electronics/optics and physical line fees and
 backhaul from your university to the Qwest Abilene PoP. Your
 local infrastructure may also need to be upgraded. Estimates
 run on the order of $500k/year over 3 years.

 OC-12 Abilene subscription and backhaul fees are x3 that of OC-3   48
I2 Do’s and Dont’s
Form a balanced investment plan
 • Deploying I2 is complex and expensive
 • Need the right local infrastructure: networks & clients
Think ahead
 • Overprovision campus network & computing
   hardware
 • Biggest expense? Fiber optics vs wire. Wireless?
 • Plan 5 years out and budget for upgrades
Communicate and get involved
Verify vendor claims
 • Much is not finished
 • Manage complexityUniversity Business, April 1999, pg. 39-46.
      Source: Get Ready for Internet2,                          49
Internet2 International
Collaborations
Building peer to peer relationships
Looking for similar goals/objectives and
 similar constituencies
Mechanism: Memoranda of Understanding
Signed: CANARIE, Stichting SURF,
 NORDUnet
In process: TERENA, SingAREN, JAIRC,
 APAN and others

                                            50
WPI / NEESCom gigaPop
 NEESCom is a subsidiary of
  New England Electric System
 Business of leasing dark fiber
  to telephone, cable, and ISP
  providers
 Fiber grid about 1.5 years old
 288 fibers generally
 Hub: 474 Main St., Worcester
 Routes: 600 miles of fiber
    •   500 miles owned by NEESCom
    •   100 mi leased
    •   15 miles in downtown Worcester
 Each fiber capacity is >1M
  simultaneous phone calls
 ~40% capacity is now leased
 Expansion in NH, Maine, CT
 NEESCom & WPI have formed a partnership to create and operate
  an I2 gigaPoP in Worcester
                                                                  51
   WPI / NEESCom gigaPoP
   WPI Project Goals
Provide WPI with first rate I2 access & service
Elevate WPI national reputation:
  • Yahoo Internet Life ranked WPI 19th Best Wired University
  • US News ranked WPI 51st in National Universities
Stimulate WPI technical research collaboration
 with I2 universities and corporate partners
Create cost effective I2 alternative access
 opportunity for area colleges and research
 institutions; Lower commodity charges!
Stimulate connectivity in Worcester area                       52
WPI / NEESCom I2 gigaPoP
Architecture                      OC-48 2488 Mbit/s
                                   ATM Backbone                WPI
                    U                WPI                     Metro West          WPI
                                    Worcester                                   Waltham
                        U                             T1 Lines 1.5 Mbit/s running with
                                                      compression to 6 Mbit/s

                                             OC-3 155 Mbit/s ATM
     CP       U
                                    I2 gigaPoP                   RBOC,
                                                                RBOC,
                                                               RBOC,
                                    NEESCom                    CLECs, ISPs
                                                              CLECs, ISPs
                                                             CLECs, ISPs
     474 Main St. Worcester MA       Building
    Versalar 15000 Switch
    Centillion 1400 ATM Switch              OC-3 155 Mbit/s scaling to
    BLN Router                              OC-12 622 Mbit/s ATM

                                  Qwest Abilene
                                  Worcester PoP
 OC-48 2488 Mbit/s scaling to
 OC-192 9953 Mbit/s SONET
                                                                                          53
Our I2 gigaPoP Community
Three groups of marketing prospects
  • Colleges and universities
      Worcester area
      New England
  • I2 partners, sponsors, corporate members
      New England high-tech corporations
        – EMC2, Data General, Storage Networks, HP
  • Research organizations
      Bio-tech and medical institutions

                                                     54
BioTech Cluster
Worcester is home to many BioTech
 firms
Aggregation of local access at office park
Selling point for city of Worcester
WitP Task Force is working towards
 creating new clusters in Worcester
  • e.g., Information Technology


                                        55
 What is the offering?
OC-3 155 Mbit/s Abilene connection
T-3 45 Mbit/s Abilene connection
Ability to put “commodity internet”
 traffic through the above pipes
  • Eliminate local line charge
  • Provide wider choice of ISP for commodity
    traffic
Engineering consulting to design and
 establish I2 connection
Network support services                       56
When will I2 be Available?
 Mid-November 1999 or sooner!

 Status today
  •   NSF grant began July 1; UCAID and I2 fees paid
  •   Abilene contracts signed and OC-3 connection ordered
  •   NEESCom building nearly complete (474 Main St.)
  •   Fiber link from 474 to WPI complete
  •   Purchased Nortel Networks gigaPoP HW/SW; Ready to install

 To do
  •   Install & test equipment at WPI and 474 Main Street
  •   Make connection from 474 to Qwest Abilene PoP in Worcester
  •   Sign up customers
  •   Host Ineternet2 Day at WPI to raise awareness
  •   Continue WPI campus wiring upgrade for NSF
      meritorious researchers and others                           57
Key Points
Local access is key cost factor
NEESCom-WPI can lower costs
  • New operational fiber backbone
  • Shared gigaPoP electronics
  • Technical expertise and support
WPI technical leadership, info sharing
  • WPI awarded a grant from NSF’s High Performance
    Connections to the Internet Program
  • WPI is attending I2 member meetings,
    NLANR technical meetings, etc.
  • Looking to minimize expenditures
                                              58
Sales Activities
Concentrate on universities
  • Local and within range of NEESCom fiber and digital
    microwave systems
Concentrate on businesses/I2 partners
  • Technical research projects critical to business
    success
        Collaboration with universities and other I2 partners
  •   Support educational institutions
  •   Require high visibility in the marketplace
  •   Bet on growth/success of I2
  •   Think I2 costs are relatively insignificant
        Shared access can lower costs                           59
Why would you join I2?
Be a player, prestige, knowledge
Access to the newest high-performance
 educational and video technologies
  • Collaboration, remote devices, IMS, distance learning
Bandwidth, QoS, cost containment
Differential competitive advantages
Advance your research agenda
Recruitment of high-quality faculty
 and “wired” students demands it                    60
Internet2 <--> NGI Relationship
Similar technical objectives
Focused on different, but complementary
 communities
  • NGI: Federal Mission agencies
  • UCAID/Internet2: university research and education
    community
Working to interconnect, make interoperable
 federal research networks and Abilene



                                                         61
More Information
 WPI / NEESCom gigaPoP contacts
   • WPI: Tom Lynch, tlynch@wpi.edu (508) 831-6075
   • NEESCom: Peter Gibson gibson@neesnet.com (508) 389-
     3079
 Useful Links
   • http://www.internet2.edu      Heather Boyles
   • http://www.cise.nsf.gov/anir/ NSF advanced networks
   • http://www.ngi.gov            Next Generation Internet
   • http://www.wpi.edu            WPI
   • http://www.neescom.com        NEESCom
   • http://www.qwest.net          Abilene Network
   • http://www.nortel.com         Corporate Partner        62
The Internet2 Project
 Many I2 slides in this presentation were
 adapted from a presentation from:
 Heather Boyles
 heather@internet2.edu
 1 202 231 5342

 NCTT Technology Transfer Conference
 Springfield, MA
 April 8, 1999
                                        63
The END
Thank you!
     Presentation sponsored by:
     WitP Worcester InfoTech Project
     Tom Wharton, Director

     Breakfast and session hosted by :
     New England Voice and Data
     234 Brooks Street
     Worcester MA

                                         64

				
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Description: Information Technology Contributions to Nokia Company document sample