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					   Native Peoples lived along the Medina River basin for
    thousands of years
   Spanish-era (1690-1821), ranchos form along the
    Medina River to feed the Missions and the City of Bexar
   Mexican-era (1821-1836) empresario system created to
    encourage American immigration
   Texan Era (1836 - 1845),
    • Von Ormy known as Paso de las Garzas
    • Santa Ana encamps in Von Ormy
    • Tejanos flee San Antonio, first Anglo settlers
   American-era
    • Renamed Mann’s Crossing by the end of the Civil War (1860’s)
• Re-named Von Ormy by postmaster in 1886 after
  Count Norbert Von Ormay
• San Antonio grows, expands southward
• 2006 CIVO forms
• 2008 Von Ormy Election to become a City
•   1820’s, Enoch Jones builds “Castle”
•   1846, 1st Church established
•   1872, Post office opens
•   1884, Count Norbert Von Ormy arrives, leaves within two years
•   1906, Int. Grt. N. RR builds first bridge over Medina
•   1910, Von Ormy Cotton Gin Built
•   1911, Von Ormy Cottage Sanitarium opens
•   Highway
       1690 Camino Real established by Alonso de Leon
       1836 Camino Arriba
       1865 Old San Antonio Road
       1911 Meridian Hwy built (Mexico to Canada, along 77the Meridian)
       1917 State Highway 2
       1926 US 81
       1959 I-35
• 1956, Southwest ISD
• 1976, Jarret VFD
• 2006 - 2008, Effort to create City of Von Ormy
 Started in 2006
 Lobbied and received support from
  County Commissioners, County Judge,
  State Rep. State Sen. US Congressman
 Testified in Austin for Von Ormy
 Have held two town festivals
 Advantages     of forming a City:
  1. To keep government close to the people
  2. To establish specific services like fire, police, traffic
    controls, etc.
  3. To control land use.
  4. To control subdivision of land.
  5. To establish a tax program or to prevent a tax
    program from being established.
  6. To qualify for various grants from state or federal
    agencies.
  7. To prevent San Antonio from annexing Von Ormy
  8. To preserve our heritage, identity and history
Disadvantages of forming a City:
 Along with government come taxes
 Loss of other support
 Volunteers seem to dry up
  • “Let the City do it”
 Citymay be liable for damages
 Grants come with “strings”
        Who we are:
• 1350 residents
• 500 registered voters
• 1.88 square miles

• 84% Hispanic, 15% Anglo
• Median Household income:
$32,621
• 57.8% speak Spanish in the
home
• 16.6% of families live below the
poverty line and 21.1% of
individuals
•Average drive time to work: 39.3
min.
 The election schedule
  • April 10, 2008 Voter Registration Deadline
  • April 28, 2008 Early Voting Begins
  • May 06, 2008 Early Voting Ends
  • May 10, 2008 Election Day
   Election Site: Sacred Heart Church in Von Ormy
   The ballot will have two choices:
    • “For incorporation”
    • “Against incorporation”
   “Incorporation” is the legal term used to describe the
    formation of a new city
   If successful, another election for mayor, five aldermen
    and marshal will be held
            Types of Texas Cities
 Home Rule Cities – over 5000 residents
 Statutory Cities – under 5000 residents
  • Type A: Large cities – over 700 residents
     Aldermen form of government
  • Type B: Small cities – under 700
     Aldermen form of government
  • Type C: Large or small
     Commissioner Form of Government
     Alderman Form of Government
 Mayor
  • Only votes when there is a tie
 Board   of Aldermen
  • Five positions elected at-large
  • City can form wards, 2 aldermen per ward
 Marshal
  • Office can be abolished
CITIES MUST HAVE:
 A Budget Officer
 Select a depository (bank)
 Provide insurance for liability and
  property
 Provide an Engineer for Public Works
  and Construction
 Provide Defense for Police Officers
 Meet Handicapped Requirements
CITIES CAN:
  police and fire protection and control
  health and sanitation services
  street construction and design
  bridge construction and maintenance and street maintenance
  cemeteries and cemetery care
  garbage and solid waste removal, collection, and disposal
  establishment and maintenance of jails
  hospitals
  sanitary, or now being called wastewater, and storm sewers
  airports
  waterworks
  parks and zoos
  museums
  libraries and library maintenance
  convention centers, or coliseums
  community, neighborhood, or senior citizen centers
  operation of emergency ambulance service
  dams and reservoirs
Cities Can, continued:
   warning signals
   regulation of traffic
   transportation systems
   recreational facilities, including but not limited to swimming pools, beaches, and marinas
   vehicle and motor driven equipment maintenance
   parking facilities
   tax collection
   fireworks displays
 building codes and inspection
 zoning, planning, and plat approval
 engineering functions
 maintenance of traffic signals, signs, and hazards
 water and sewer service
 animal control
 community development or urban renewal activities
 Codify Ordinances
 Establish and Regulate Health Standards
 Exercise Power of Eminent Domain
CITIES MUST HOLD PUBLIC HEARINGS BEFORE:
 Adopting Subdivision Regulations
 Adopting Zoning Regulations
 Adopting a Comprehensive Plan
 Annexing Property
 Adopting the Annual Budget
 Raising Taxes
 Levying Assessments for Street or Other Public Imp.
 Sale of Park Land
 Condemnation of property
WHAT KIND OF FUNDS WILL BE AVAILABLE?
   Property Tax
    • $1.25 per $100 max
   Sales tax
    • must hold election to adopt 1¢ sales tax.
   Franchise Taxes
    •   Electric
    •   Telephone
    •   Natural Gas
    •   Cable Services
   Traffic Fines
    • Must adopt traffic code first
WHAT KIND OF FUNDS WILL BE
 AVAILABLE?
 Grants
  • Small Cities Community Development Block
      Grants
  •   Economic Development Administration
  •   Rural Development Administration
  •   Water Development Board
  •   Texas Parks and Wildlife Grants
Can the new city expand and annex new
  territory?
 The city may begin to annex additional
  area at any time.
 Von Ormy may annex territory by
  request of the property owners or voters
   the community votes to incorporate,
 If
 when will the city begin to function as
 a city?
  • After the election for mayor, aldermen and
       marshal.
 Citygovernment is the level where action
 happens. It is both exciting and
 challenging to be a member of city
 government. We commend you on your
 participating in city government, and we

				
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