Biological Sciences_ Medical Sciences_ Health Sciences Whats by keara


									Biological Sciences, Medical
Sciences, Health Sciences...
What’s the difference?
               Biological Sciences                                   Basic Medical Sciences                                      Health Sciences
                (                                     (                      (
 At Western, Biology is taught from a perspective        The well-being of a person requires the adaptive       The World Health Organization defines health as
 that integrates the subcellular, cellular, organism,    and complex interplay between environmental            a “state of complete physical, mental and social
 community and ecosystem levels. Instead of              factors and genetics, biochemical pathways and         well-being and not merely the absence of disease or
 looking at organisms purely from the level of plant,    physiological systems. Modules in the basic            infirmity” (WHO, 1984). Health Sciences promotes
 animal or microbe, you will learn about the diversity   medical sciences explore the molecular, cellular       health and wellness and reviews how health care is
 of organisms and the complex relationships              and systematic organization of the human body          provided. The Bachelor of Health Sciences program
 that exist within the different levels of biological    and the biological mechanisms it uses to adapt         explores these concepts as well as Canadian and
 organization.                                           to environmental changes and the challenge of          international health systems.

                                                                         Modules offered
 The Department of Biology offers modules in             The basic medical science departments offer            Honors Specialization modules in community
 animal physiology, biology, cell and developmental      modules in biochemistry, medical biophysics,           rural health development, health sciences, health
 biology, comparative physiology, conservation           medical cell biology, medical sciences, microbiology   sciences – health promotion, health sciences
 biology, ecology and evolution, ecosystem health        and immunology, pathology and toxicology,              – health sciences with biology, and rehabilitation
 and genetics.                                           pharmacology and physiology.                           sciences are offered. Majors and Minors in Health
                                                                                                                Sciences as well as rehabiliation sciences are also

                                                               Course selection -- Years 1 and 2
 Year 1: Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics        Year 1: Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics       Year 1. Health and Wellness, Biology.
 Year 2: Biochemistry, Cell Biology, Genetics,           Year 2: Biochemistry, Cell Biology, Genetics,
 Scientific Method in Biology, Organic Chemistry,        Scientific Method in Biology, Organic Chemistry,
 Biostatistics, Ecology, Evolution                       Statistics
                                                         (Year 2 course selection is differerent for Medical
                                                         Biophysics modules)

                                                               Course selection -- Years 3 and 4
 Students branch out into the various disciplines        The focus in these years is studying one or more of    Years 2-4. Anatomy, Measurement & Analysis,
 within Biology in Years 3 and 4. Courses available      the basic medical science disciplines, depending       Research Methods, Ethics & Health, Health Policy,
 include animal behaviour, animal physiology, plant      on the module(s) selected. Year 4 courses and          Health Promotion, Health Issues in Aging, Health
 biology, as well as advanced courses in cell biology,   the research projects required in the Honors           Issues in Childhood and Adolescence.
 genetics, and comparative physiology. A variety of      Specializations (or the advanced lab in Medical
 field courses are also offered.                         Sciences) build on basic medical science courses
                                                         taken in Year 3.

                                                                      Career Opportunities
 Many graduates with Honors degrees in Biology           Many graduates with BMSc degrees and basic             School of Health Studies graduates have
 go on to graduate studies (MSc and/or PhD) and          medical science modules go on to professional          successfully established careers in a wide variety of
 professional schools (dentistry, medicine, veterinary   schools (dentistry, medicine, veterinary medicine,     health-related fields, including:
 medicine, law, pharmacy).                               pharmacy, physical therapy, chiropractic) and          Health promotion
 There is a broad range of employment opportunities      graduate studies (MSc and/or PhD).                     Community health programming
 for graduates with a Biology background at all levels   Other career/employment opportunities include:         Public sector administration and policy
 (BSc, MSc or PhD), including:                           - law (bioethics, patent development for medical       development areas (such as Health Canada)
 - the public sector (agriculture, environment,
                                                         products)                                              Biomedical ethics
 fisheries and health)
                                                         - business (biotechnology – marketing, research and    Business and industry (wellness and rehabilitation
 - business and industry (including research,
 development and marketing in biotechnology,             development, quality control)                          organizations, pharmaceuticals)
 consulting and health care)                             - government laboratories (agriculture, marine and     Non-profit sector (such as Heart and Stroke
 - teaching at either the elementary, secondary or       environmental sciences)                                Foundation and the Canadian Cancer Society).
 post-secondary level                                    - industry (pharmaceuticals, biotechnology,
 -law (bioethics, patent development for biological      biosafety regulation and enforcement)
 products)                                               - teaching at either the elementary, secondary or
                                                         post-secondary level

   Many Honors graduates enter professional programs which include Veterinary School, Medicine, Dentistry, Education, Occupational and Physical Therapy,
   Law and Business. It is important to remember that there is no preferred route to any of these schools. To be eligible for these programs you must have the
   necessary prerequisite courses. Enrolment is limited and admission is very competitive.                                           The University of Western Ontario                                          

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