Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy by cdm14027

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									                     Report of the International Conference

              “Moving towards Gender
             Sensitisation of Trade Policy”

                     New Delhi, India, 25–27 February 2008

                                Organised and Serviced by:
                                UNCTAD under the Project
        “Strategies and Preparedness for Trade and Globalisation in India”
of UNCTAD, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry (Government of India) and United Kingdom’s
                          Department for International Development
Designed and Printed by: Macro Graphics Pvt. Ltd.

I     Background ................................................................................................................................................................1
II    Inauguration ..............................................................................................................................................................2
III Programme.................................................................................................................................................................3
IV Conclusions and Recommendations ................................................................................................................4
      (A) Conclusions—Enhancing win-win outcomes for gender, trade and development .................4
      (B) Recommendations—Empowering women and their contribution...............................................7
          to trade and development

I Inaugural Address of Ms. Meira Kumar, Minister for ................................................................................. 13
  Social Justice and Empowerment
II    Statement by Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi, Secretary-General of UNCTAD ....................................... 15
III Statement by Mr. G.K. Pillai, Commerce Secretary, Government of India ........................................ 18
IV Statement by Mr. Abhijit Das, Deputy Project Coordinator and Officer in Charge ....................... 19
   UNCTAD India Progarmme
V Statement by Mr. Chris Murgatroyd, Head Resources and Senior ...................................................... 21
  Governance Advisor, DFID India
VI Statement by Ms. Nandita Das, Film Actress and Director ..................................................................... 22
VII Statement by Ms. Nafisa Ali, Film Actress, Social Activist and............................................................... 23
    Chairperson of the Children’s Film Society
VIII Conference Programme...................................................................................................................................... 24
IX List of Participants................................................................................................................................................. 28
    I           Background

    T   he international conference on “Moving
        towards gender sensitisation of trade policy”
took place in New Delhi, India, 25–27 February 2008.
                                                                       Several papers were discussed at the conference.
                                                                   The list is attached as annex VIII, together with the
                                                                   programme. Evidence from these empirical research
It provided a forum for Indian and international trade             and policy analyses provides a comprehensive
and gender experts to (a) discuss trade performance                overview and new thinking on trade and gender
and gender linkages in India and globally, in the                  issues in India at the sectoral, regional and national
context of globalisation; and (b) propose actions                  level, as well as globally, with a view to mainstreaming
and directions towards enhanced and more effective                 gender into trade policy and trade agreements.
gender sensitisation of trade policy, with particular              These papers will be consolidated into a publication
reference to India and generally to developing                     and released at a later date by the UNCTAD/DFID/
countries.                                                         India project.

     The conference was organised and serviced                          In an innovative effort to raise awareness and
by UNCTAD under the project “Strategies and                        disseminate findings of empirical analysis to a wider
Preparedness for Trade and Globalisation in India”                 audience, four documentary films were produced
of UNCTAD, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry                   on women in trade in India for the conference, under
(Government of India) and the United Kingdom’s                     contract from the UNCTAD/DFID/India project, by
Department for International Development (DFID).                   Mr. Ajay Shetty and Mrs. Ansuya Vaidya of SaaReeGaa
It falls within the project’s efforts and that of the              Productions (New Delhi). These documentaries
three collaborating partners to promote pro-poor                   were entitled: (a) Karmayogini:1 The Indian Women
approaches to trade and development in India and                   Worker in the Age of Globalisation (1 hour); (b)
globally in an era of rapid globalisation.                         Karmayogini: Threads of Silk and Gold (30 minutes);
                                                                   (c) Karmayogini: Village of Looms (30 minutes);
    The meeting was attended by about 194                          and (d) Karmayogini: Gold of the Sea (30 minutes).
participants from India and abroad, including                      The documentaries will be disseminated via media
policymakers, academia, civil society, private sector,             outlets throughout India and at international events
international organisations and media. The list of                 to raise awareness on women’s contribution to trade
participants is attached as annex IX.                              in India.

    Karamyogini is a Hindi word that denotes a person who thinks that his or her destiny is to keep working.
II            Inauguration

    T    he conference was inaugurated by Honourable
         Mrs. Meira Kumar, Minister for Social Justice
and Empowerment, Government of India; Dr. Supachai
                                                           sensitive issues. These would include incentives and
                                                           schemes for women engaged in export and import
                                                           activities, including women entrepreneurs and
Panitchpakdi, Secretary-General of UNCTAD; and             exporters. His statement is attached as annex III.
Mr. G.K. Pillai, Commerce Secretary, Department of
Commerce and Industry, Government of India. Also              Introductory remarks were made by Mr. Abhijit
in attendance at the inauguration were Mrs. Lakshmi        Das (annex IV).
Puri, Acting Deputy Secretary-General of UNCTAD;
Mr. Abhijit Das, Officer in Charge, UNCTAD India                Mr. Chris Murgatroyd said that DFID is committed
Project; Mr. Chris Murgatroyd, DFID India; Ms. Nafisa      to focusing on women’s empowerment within its
Ali, actress and Chairperson, Children’s Film Society of   broad approach to eradicating poverty. It stressed
India; and Ms. Nandita Das, actress and Director.          improvement in the social status of women and
                                                           girls through employment in the labour market, and
    Mrs. Kumar urged stakeholders to work together         their access to important services such as health
so that trade policy outcomes could promote                and education, he said. In regard to trade, a strong
women empowerment and in turn stimulate trade.             theme of DFID was ensuring endeavours aimed at
She said that women’s empowerment is a process in          mainstreaming of women, particularly poor women,
which women gain a greater share of control over           into core economic activities to realise development
material, human and intellectual resources, resulting      benefits. His statement is attached as annex V.
in greater voice and participation in decision-making
in the home, community, society and nation. Her                During the inaugural session, celebrity guests
statement is attached as annex I.                          Ms. Nandita Das and Ms. Nafisa Ali released the four
                                                           documentary films on women in trade in India. Ms.
    Dr. Supachai stressed that gender equality was         Das stressed the need to engage in practical activities
enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations             with concerned stakeholders—women—to improve
and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,             their livelihood and to avoid tokenism (see annex VI).
and one of the Millennium Development Goals.               Gender sensitisation should be a normal effort in a
He noted that the association between trade                complex world of globalisation with its challenges and
performance and women empowerment could                    opportunities. Ms. Ali said that the documentary films
be positive, but it cannot be assumed to be either         were important as they would carry messages on gender
automatic or generalised. Actions at the national          sensitisation to a wider audience more effectively (see
and the international level that mainstreamed              annex VII). These should be featured in prime time
gender considerations into trade policy and trade          media to include local vernacular to reach out to the
agreements are required to make trade bring                grassroots level. In fact, bringing gender equity at the
development gains to women, their families, the            grassroots level deserved attention. Women tended to
industries in which they are employed, and their           work harder than men and have immense creativity,
country. His statement is attached as annex II.            she said. Thus, harnessing their capacity for trade and
                                                           development was for the benefit of all. There was a
    Mr. Pillai said that the new Foreign Trade Policy of   brief projection of the documentaries.
India, to be announced in April 2008, would contain
specific gender-sensitive aspects. This was a novel             Ms. Rini Khanna was the Master of Ceremonies
element, as past policies did not contain gender           for the inaugural session.
III         Programme

   T   he Conference programme contained the
       following sessions:
                                                      Development Consulting Pvt. Ltd, India); Dr. Rashmi
                                                      Banga (UNCTAD India Project); Ms. Jacqueline
                                                      Maleko (Government of the United Republic of
       Inauguration;                                  Tanzania); Ms. Hameda Deaat (South Africa, Third
                                                      world Network); Ms. Marzia Fontana (Institute of
   1. Gender and international trade: Opportunities   Development Studies, United Kingdom); Dr. Indira
      and concerns;                                   Hirway (Centre for Development Alternatives,
                                                      India); Dr. Swapna Mukhopadhyay (National
   2. Women in trade: Journey to success;             Institute of Public Finance and Policy, India); Ms.
                                                      Yumiko Yamamoto (United Nations Development
   3. Sector-specific gender dimensions of            Programme (UNDP), Sri Lanka); Dr. Selim Raihan
      international trade: Fisheries, handicrafts     (University of Dhaka, Bangladesh); Dr. Mohammad
      and services;                                   A. Razzaque (Commonwealth secretariat); Dr.
                                                      Günseli Berik (University of Utah, United States);
   4. Trade and gender: Experiences of other          Dr. Karin Ulmer(Association of World Council of
      countries and regions;                          Churches Related Development Organisations
                                                      in Europe), Belgium); Dr. Lanyan Chen (Tianjin
   5. Mainstreaming of gender in trade                Normal University of China, China); Professor Shirin
      negotiations: Voices from policy makers and     Rai (University of Warwick, UK); Mrs. Appolonia
      gender experts; and                             Mugumbya (East African Energy Technology
                                                      Development Network, Uganda); Dr. Yassine Fall
       Conclusion                                     (UNDP); Ms. Rezani Aziz (Women’s Chamber of
                                                      Commerce & Industry, Sri Lanka); Dr. Safdar Sohail
    The technical sessions of the workshop were       (D.G. Foreign Trade Institute of Pakistan, Pakistan),
chaired by Mrs. Lakshmi Puri (UNCTAD); Dr. Kiran      and Mr. Md. Osman Goni Talukder, (Government of
Chadha (Government of India); Mr. Anand S. Bhal       Bangladesh).
(Department for International Development—India);
Ms. Deborah McGurk (Department for International          Ms. Shreemoyee Patra, independent consultant,
Development–India); and Mr. Bonapas Onguglo           was the rapporteur of the conference. She presented
(UNCTAD).                                             the main findings of the conference at the concluding
    Presentations and discussions on various
sessions were made by: Mr. Abhijit Das (UNCTAD             At the closure of the conference, concluding
India Project); Dr. Shahid Ahmed (UNCTAD India        remarks were made by Mr. Bonapas Onguglo, Chief,
Project); Dr. K. P. Sunny (National Productivity      Officer of the Director, Division on International Trade
Council, India); Mrs. Rama Devi (Association of       in Goods and Services, and Commodities, UNCTAD.
Lady Entrepreneurs of Andhra Pradesh, India); Mrs.    He thanked all the participants, presenters and
Archana Bhatanagar (Mahakaushal Association of        discussants as well as the documentary producers
Women Entrepreneurs, India); Dr. Mansi Mishra         for their valuable inputs, and the staff of the UNCTAD
(Centre for Social Research, India); Mr. Sanjeev      India project for their effective organisation and
Vasudev (Strategy Technology & Delivery for           servicing of the conference.
             Conclusions and
IV           Recommendations

    T    he conference deliberations, papers presented
         and documentaries provide a rich, diverse and
extensive coverage, with often provocative and novel
                                                         is evidence to suggest that men and women
                                                         experience the impacts of trade policy differently.
                                                         Thus, gender sensitisation of trade policy needs to
ideas, on the relationship between trade performance,    be taken seriously.
gender empowerment, and development in India
and globally against the backdrop of economic                A gender-sensitive approach to trade must
liberalisation and globalisation. These will help to     involve a vision of trade as an integral component of
inform and shape trade policy deliberations and policy   wider development efforts to eradicate poverty and
formulation in India, in other developing countries,     promote inclusive, people-centered development.
and globally in international trade and investment       Explicit and specific attention to gender issues in
negotiations and development assistance, with a          trade and development policies, strategies and
view to ensuring that trade liberalisation and trade     operational actions is crucial to maximising the
expansion is inclusive of gender dimensions.             gains for gender equality and minimising the costs
                                                         that can arise. Attitudes and mentalities towards
    The conclusions and recommendations can              gender relations should change from symbolic to
serve (a) as critical inputs on trade, gender and        real support within and beyond the household.
development to the UNCTAD XII Conference, 20–25
April 2008 in Accra, Ghana; (b) for the implementation       The situation in India and in many Asian
of the Foreign Trade Policy of India; and (c) for        developing countries presently shows progress
international solidarity initiatives on strengthening    towards empowering women through trade. But
trade’s contribution to empowering women.                this trend is yet to achieve notable improvements
                                                         in terms of equitable distribution of household
                                                         responsibilities, equal pay for work of equal value,
                                                         gender balance across occupations and gender
(A) Conclusions—Enhancing win-win                        sensitisation. Thus gender sensitisation in trade
    outcomes for gender, trade and                       policy remains a development priority.
                                                             Women’s empowerment is inevitably and
    Broadly, the Conference recognised that women        increasingly affected by the ongoing process of
are indeed significant stakeholders in trade-led         globalisation and liberalisation. Empirical analysis
growth and development. On average, available            on trade openness and women’s empowerment, on
evidence indicates a positive relationship between       average, show a positive correlation—the Gender
trade performance, women’s empowerment                   Development Index (GDI) and trade openness are
and development at the macro-level. However,             positively associated in several countries and in India.
trade expansion has been beneficial to women’s           Trade performance, economic growth and women’s
employment in those countries that have a                empowerment thus can be positive and mutually
comparative advantage in the production of labour        supportive. However, such an outcome cannot be
intensive goods (textiles, footwear, electronics), and   assumed to be either automatic, as women can
not necessarily in all countries.                        also lose from trade liberalisation and globalisation,
                                                         nor can this be generalised, as the impact varies
  Trade can empower women and empowered                  across economic sectors and women’s groups (poor
women can further enhance trade. Yet there               women, girl labour, women in paid employment,
                                                                     Conclusions and Recommendations          

women subsistence worker, women entrepreneurs,            effects should be anticipated to inform and help
women in industries, women in services).                  design trade policy to deal with such effects.

      Liberalisation of trade (unilaterally, under            Moreover, gains for gender from export-led
World Trade Organization (WTO) or regional trade          growth in one country may be realised at the cost
agreements) in agriculture, industry and services         of losses for gender in another country. Thus the
has in some sectors opened new job opportunities          overall benefit from trade liberalisation globally for
for some women (skill and unskilled) and expanded         gender should be kept in mind.
income-earning opportunities. Participation in
international trade can also bring about incentives            In regard to the experience in India, several
to improve working conditions under which women           findings are notable. Firstly, women employment
toil. For example, importers’ insistence on adherence     and wages have increased in export oriented sectors
to certain working conditions and practices is seen       with dynamic export growth and large concentration
to benefit women employed in export-oriented              of women. Women’s employment in India following
units, which often are compelled to provide sanitary      reform and liberalisation has increased on average
facilities or day care to support their women workers.    to the extent of about 5–10 percent. Demand for
Thus, there is a direct link between trade openness,      both skilled and unskilled women labour has been
export increases and increases in women’s workforce       found to increase in recent years. The direct link
participation, pay and working conditions.                between exports and female employment is visible
                                                          in the gender intensive sectors such as textiles,
     However, trade liberalisation can also bring         handicrafts, and fisheries. It indicates that trade can
about detrimental effects on women. The end to the        lift women out of poverty and improve their social
Agreement on Textiles and Clothing as a result of the     status. Women’s empowerment through trade has
creation of WTO led to an increase in competition         helped to significantly improve some women’s
for ready-made garments and loss of production            status compared to their former unpaid or poorly
and exports in many countries, and consequently           paid work and associated feeble social status and
on women workers in this sector. Many such women          negligible decision-making power.
workers are engaged in the production of garments
as a source of income. Thus, the loss of income-              The positive effect of trade expansion on
earning opportunities has major potential to              women’s employment and wages has started to
increase poverty. Also, while increased exports have      positively affect intra-household dynamics in India
been associated with increased female employment          and generated positive development spill-over
in several countries (such as Mauritius, Tunisia, Sri     effects in terms of social empowerment. Wherever
Lanka, Bangladesh), this was not necessarily the case     female employment and income opportunities have
for all countries. It is bringing gains for women in      improved, women became increasingly empowered
countries that have a strong comparative advantage        as follows:
in textiles such as China, Bangladesh and India, but
losses in other countries, especially African countries   (a) Wages earned in trade-related sector confer a
that are losing because of cheaper imports.                   higher status on women and give them decision
                                                              making power in the house. For instance, in
     It is thus important to analyse the conditions           India, husband’s cooperation in the household
needed to ensure that a trade-led growth strategy             work has been reported to increase in the recent
will contribute to redress existing gender disparities.       years.
A trade-supported development strategy needs to
look at sequencing, phasing in of trade liberalisation    (b) Even in the case of casual labour, the enhanced
and other social and economic policies, or                    employment opportunities enabled the women
institutional frameworks that need to be in place             to use their potential in the labour market and
to ensure that women and men will be enabled to               to achieve economic independence to a limited
benefit from new opportunities.                               extent.

    To sustain and widen possible win-win outcomes        (c) There is also some evidence that women who
for gender, trade and for development, negative               earn more money are increasingly able to keep
    Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

     it and decide how to spend it—gaining some              price fluctuations and issues related to
     control over their income.                              international supply chain and distribution chain
                                                             dynamics. This creates a situation of insecurity
However, it needs to be recognised that                      for women workers in these sectors, who are
employment may initiate such a process of women’s            often precariously attached to their occupations
empowerment. But intra-household bargaining                  through loose and casual arrangements with
power of women is contingent on the level of their           their employers.
wages and the stability of their jobs as well.
                                                         (e) Women are not perceived as business persons
Trade liberalisation can also bring about negative           and interfacing with them is still awkward for
impacts on women. The following were observed                many men.
for India in particular:
                                                         (f ) Women face discrimination in seeking assistance
(a) Women appear to have borne the major                      from financial institutions.
    brunt of fall in employment in case of
    declining exports sectors. In India, tea and         (g) Women in the workforce face challenges in
    coffee production which are dominated                    balancing household responsibilities with work
    by plantation production and are labour-                 and entrepreneurial demands, often leading to
    intensive experienced a sharp fall in exports            stress and tensions within families. This includes
    due to other competitive producers in the                situations in which when a women attains
    international market. As a direct result, there          professional success exceeding that of her
    was a concomitant strong drop in women                   husband; she may be forced to slow down or
    employment in the plantations.                           start afresh. Such compulsions on the personal
                                                             front simply do not exist for men.
(b) In some sectors, agriculture in particular, it has
    been documented that once a profitable activity          Secondly, there is a definite increase in demand
    is developed by women and modernised,                for casual workers to cope with export-related
    making it export worthy and lucrative, men           trade growth, which leads to a rise in the informal
    often take it over. The continued practice of        sector workers, a high percentage of them women.
    agricultural subsidies and value added processed     This is witnessed, for example, in the tea and coffee
    in mainly developed countries leads to imports       plantation, fisheries, food processing and textile
    of subsidised food in developing countries, and      sectors. It offers opportunities for poor, uneducated
    thus reduction in domestic production and            women that may not find employment otherwise.
    decline in food processing industry. This further
    reduces women participation in agricultural              Conversely, women’s work in the vast informal
    production. Female share of employment               sector, especially as casual labour, is often insecure,
    in agriculture (rural and urban) in India, for       temporary or part-time, with little protection,
    example, has declined. Thus, women become            and few fringe benefits. Also, casual labour, while
    de-empowered with de-feminisation of women           providing employment for women, can be easily
    in some productive sectors.                          hired or laid-off depending on demand fluctuations.
                                                         Thus, employment is precarious. Women are also
(c) At the same time, many poor farmers transform        subjected to poor wages and conditions of work, as
    their agricultural production towards cash           well as to exploitation and sexual harassment. The
    crops for export and away from food crops. This      generally low levels of education and skill formation
    increases their food security vulnerability as       among the female casual workers confine them
    they are now reliant on imports of food. Lack        mostly to low paid, unskilled jobs and increases
    of food often means less food for women and          their “vulnerability”.
    girls, undermining their health and potential
    contribution.                                            Thirdly, income for both male and female workers
                                                         has improved wherever trade and globalisation
(d) Exposure to global markets does render export        has positively affected the labour market. In
    oriented sectors more vulnerable to international    India the daily earnings of workers increased in
                                                                     Conclusions and Recommendations         

the horticulture, dairy, textiles and clothing, and       terms of working from home, part-time employment
fisheries sectors, which experienced high export          and flexi-timing were being availed of only in a
growth rates.                                             limited way. Further, gains from trade in services in
                                                          India accrue mainly to the educated urban women.
     Conversely, available evidence also indicates that   Also, liberalisation of essential services like water,
benefits collected by the male workers tend to be         education and health leading to the privatisation
higher than that of female workers in terms of gains in   of these services has in several countries resulted
income. Female workers earn less than male workers        in limiting access to these services by especially
irrespective of the industry, region or location. In      poor women (and men), by raising the price of
practice in India, women’s wages on average are           such services. This propagates gender inequality as
about 30 percent lower than men’s. Male-female            women are prevented from progressing in education
wage differential in all sectors taken together has       and safeguarding their health, especially in countries
increased (i.e. male wages have increased more than       where women now suffer from HIV/AIDS.
women). Women wages remain lower than men,
even after trade liberalisation and trade growth.

     Sometimes the genesis of the wage differential
                                                          (B) Recommendations—Empowering
lays, in the fact that women were largely confined            women and their contribution to trade
to low end, labour intensive, unskilled and hence             and development
poorly remunerative work. This wage differential
may be a factor in maintaining competitiveness and             The challenge ahead is to improve awareness of
thus is being perpetuated. However, it was observed       women’s overall participation and contribution in the
that competitiveness could be maintained through          economy, adapt trade policy and trade agreements to
various means while reducing the pay gap between          include gender considerations, design and implement
women and men. Also, years of education and               new ones within wider development strategies, and
skill have positive effects on the workers’ earning       promote international solidarity initiatives that will
capability. Further, in many sectors the majority of      promote the positive role that women play in society
income increases was captured by middlemen and            and in the economy, and ensure win-win gains in the
exporters. Women in particular suffer from such           relationship between gender equality, trade growth,
exploitation by middlemen, exacerbated by the lack        development and poverty reduction.
of ownership of property or lack of representation in
producer associations.
                                                          1.	 Economic	empowerment	of	women	
    Fourthly, in the services sectors, empirical              must	be	both	quantitative	and	
evidence for India shows that female employment               qualitative
opportunities and earnings, along with that of men,
could improve considerably in the fast-growing                Women’s empowerment is important in achieving
sectors, especially communications and tourism.           gender equality, promoting development, and
The services sector, especially Information and           contributing to the achievement of internationally
Technology Enabled Services (ITES), offers women          agreed development goals including the Millennium
unique opportunities for work such as work from           Development Goals. Gender equality is preserved in
home, flexi-timing and part-timing working. The           the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal
liberalisation of movement of labour (Mode 4 of           Declaration of Human Rights.
General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS))
can bring important benefits to women service                  Operationalising women’s empowerment,
providers in international markets.                       however, requires clarity regarding its definition.
                                                          Women’s empowerment must be both quantitative
    On the other hand, the men are more likely to         (for example increasing job opportunities, providing
capture most of the benefits of services expansion        skills and training), and qualitative (for example
in communications, and thus the wage disparities          improving working conditions, wages, social status).
between genders is maintained or even worsened.           The quantitative and qualitative empowering of
Employment opportunities offered by this sector in        women should contribute to changing deep-rooted
    Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

attitudes and mindsets regarding the dominant                   wider perspective that makes their work more
“patriarchal relationships” in social and economic              meaningful.
activities of society in the globalising world
economy, towards greater gender sensitive culture.
Stereotyping of women’s role in social and economic         2.	 Making	visible	the	invisible	
spheres needs to be broken.                                     contribution	of	women	in	economic	
    The failure of countries and the international
community to marshal efforts to empower women                   Women comprise significant stakeholders in the
in economic development will be to the detriment            process of trade, economic growth and development.
of the global community as it perpetuates                   In several newly industrialising countries of East
inequalities between gender, and hence poverty              Asia, their export-led growth is very much female-
and underdevelopment of society.                            led as well. Women power is an invisible force of
                                                            economies. It is recognised the world over that
    The following recommendations towards                   women have exceptional multi-tasking skills in
integration of gender in international development          balancing responsibilities of home towards their
discourse were advocated:                                   families and relatives (unpaid) and workplace in the
                                                            organised labour market, or in self-employed small
(a) Specific gender perspective should be                   business or in subsistence farming, fishing, forestry
    incorporated into the mandates, policies and            and mining. These show their endurance, dexterity
    operational activities of international institutions.   and creativity.
    Ensuring coherence between international
    institutions is required so that sensitivity to             Paradoxically, this invisible force of women
    gender issues is focused on promoting inclusive         power is underutilised and underexploited.
    development and reducing poverty as ultimate            Women, especially poor women, work in the most
    objective.                                              physically exacting, poorly paid, labour-intensive
                                                            tasks, often in inclement, unhygienic and stressful
(b) UNCTAD, as a development institution, has an            conditions. Women’s employment in India is the
    important role in advancing an international            highest in the traditional low-wage activities, for
    agenda on gender sensitisation through its              example. Women lack access to and ownership
    policy advocacy, intergovernmental consensus            of land and capital, and have limited access to
    building and operational activities. Further,           education and opportunities for skill formation for
    UNCTAD must strengthen UN-wide coordination             modern economic activities. Gender disparity in
    on trade and gender matters.                            terms of education, health and survival has widened
                                                            rather than narrowed. Women’s contribution to
(c) Other      United      Nations      organisations,      reproductive and productive activities is largely
    international and regional development                  undervalued and unrecognised. These constrain
    banks and organisations, must emphasise                 the livelihood options for poor women and women
    gender issues in their policies and operational         entrepreneurs, reducing their bargaining power
    activities, so that a holistic approach to gender       in the market. It is apparent that the economy can
    improvement internationally is promoted.                draw immense benefits if this innate skill can be
    Policy coherence on gender mainstreaming                suitably harnessed and mobilised, leading to the
    between the World Bank and International                empowerment of women.
    Monetary Fund on the one hand, and the
    United Nations–UNCTAD on the other on                      In this regard, the following recommendations
    gender mainstreaming is needed for a                    were stressed:
    coordinated approach.
                                                            (a) The invisible force of women power must be
(d) It is important for Governments and multilateral            made more visible through deliberate measures
    agencies to converge with organisations active              and actions that purposely target and empower
    at the grassroots to share their experiences at             women to participate at international and
    the operational level, while providing to them a            national levels of public policymaking as well as
                                                                    Conclusions and Recommendations          

    among stakeholders (entrepreneurs, civil society         the widest possible coverage of issues and
    and academia) within countries to maximise               different social and economic groups of women
    potential gains.                                         (including girls). Such insights or gender profiles
                                                             of relevant areas will help to clarify the extent
(b) Harnessing the power of women for trade,                 of the association between trade and women,
    growth and development in the globalisation              and help identify policies and actions to
    matrix is both a top-down and bottom-up                  strengthen women’s participation in trade and
    process. It is the responsibility of all people          development.
    (men and women), at all levels (Government and
    private sector, including women entrepreneurs,       (e) Gender-sensitive trade analyses should be
    civil society, academia), among women’s groups           widely disseminated in various forms, via
    such as women’s cooperatives (which can have             various media outlets (radio, Internet, television
    multiplier effects), and in different economic           and newspapers), including in local languages,
    sectors to engender development. From the                to promote wider appreciation in society,
    top down, there is the introduction of gender-           including at the grassroots level, of the role and
    sensitive aspects into the foreign trade policy by       contribution of women.
    the policymakers at the top as indicated by India.
    From the bottom-up process, some innovations
    include (a) new business models such as cluster      3.	 Gender-sensitive	trade	policy
    development for small enterprises like herbal
    and medicinal plants, wherein women in the               One of the many instruments for tackling,
    workforce are significant, or incubation services    managing, improving and ultimately eliminating
    that provide full support for the development        gender disparity in economic spheres, covert or
    of new small industries; (b) supporting the          overt, is through gender-sensitive trade policy.
    creation of association of women entrepreneurs       Trade policies are neither gender neutral nor
    and their activities; (c) introducing changes to     gender blind—they are not adequately sensitised to
    representation in business associations, such        purposely enhance gains for women. Trade policies
    as cooperatives or producer networks, to allow       and measures impact on gender, and thus can be
    women’s or participation of both men and             adapted to foster women’s empowerment as part
    women;                                               of the strategy to strengthen integration into the
                                                         international trading system and make globalisation
(c) Given long-standing prejudices against women,        more inclusive, and with a pro-poor impact.
    there is a need for women to proactively
    pursue gender empowerment. They need                     Women’s contribution to trade must be
    to persevere in gender sensitisation at all          recognised and harnessed by Government, bearing
    levels, create networks to promote common            in mind that women are not a homogenous
    interests, be bold and courageous in initiating      group—they work in the informal sector, the formal
    new activities and adapting to changing              sector, in entrepreneurial positions, etc. Also, the
    technologies, and be ahead of the curve in           cultural and socio-economic context in which trade
    terms of vision. For women entrepreneurs to be       policy is being formulated should be taken into
    successful, they need (a) good ideas to create       consideration. Thus, policy prescriptions have to be
    business; (b) steadfast in achieving the goal; (c)   adapted to the different needs of different groups
    take calculated risks; and (d) the support of the    of women, and constructed within the historical,
    family, especially the men.                          political and cultural context.

(d) It is also important to continue to investigate         To this end, the following recommendations
    and establish the details of the association         were made:
    between trade performance and women’s
    empowerment through empirical research and           (a) Political will must be employed to ensure that
    in-depth analysis, both ex-ante and ex-post. To          women and women’s groups are given a voice
    be accurate and objective, sex-disaggregated             in the formulation and implementation of trade
    data collection and surveys should encompass             policies and strategies. Proactive steps can
10 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

    be taken for consulting women and women’s                  Effective monitoring of implementation of
    groups (women’s networks and entrepreneurial               the policy generally—as well as the gender-
    groups), in a systematic and structured manner,            sensitive aspect—will be necessary to assess
    while formulating trade policies or finalising             progress made. This policy approach for export
    negotiating positions to integrate the gender              development with attention to gender could be
    dimension. Strengthening of partnerships                   considered and replicated by other developing
    between public, private and civil society in the           countries, with necessary adaptation to local
    development of trade with attention to gender              conditions.
    can help. Such consultations could inform
    Government of gender-sensitive sectors in              (e) Mainstreaming gender into trade policy should
    which trade liberalisation could be expedited,             be a gradual process with the participation and
    delayed or exempted, such as in the definition of          support of all, women and men alike. Otherwise,
    sensitive product lists or carving out of services         too much emphasis on gender issues can result
    sectors. A gender-sensitive list of products and           in a backlash from men, policymakers and
    sectors could be developed to inform for trade             trade negotiators, and thus lead effectively to a
    negotiators and influence their positions in               crowding out of gender issues.
    liberalisation negotiations.

(b) Effective gender-sensitive actions must be taken       4.	 Integrated	approach	to	gender	
    into consideration by devising trade policy                mainstreaming
    measures such as tariffs and export and import
    taxes. For example, tariffs on intermediate                Trade and gender mainstreaming at the national
    inputs into productive sectors with high female        and international levels is possible only when gender
    employment should be reduced. The structural           sensitisation in trade policy is complemented by
    factors pertaining to productive sectors and           sensitisation of and holistic efforts in all policy
    women’s participation should be carefully              interventions, and not just trade. Trade policy and
    assessed so as to propose and introduce trade          women’s empowerment must be situated within
    policies and measures that can effectively             wider national development strategies. Such
    promote women’s participation in trade.                supportive policies are needed in both central and
                                                           state Governments.
(c) Export-oriented sectors with high female
    employment should be encouraged and                         There is need, for example, for labour legislation
    supported by the Government so as to strengthen        and enforcement mechanisms to be developed on
    opportunities for gender empowerment through           wage disparity and decent (supportive) working
    these sectors. This means seeking to grow              conditions for women. Sector-specific legislation
    exports in these sectors, such as fisheries. Efforts   should be introduced and enforced in terms of
    are needed to build up production and increase         working conditions, wages, social security or safety
    value added. Women entrepreneurs should                nets, keeping in mind the sectoral imperatives.
    also be supported to enhance their businesses.         Safety and childcare provisions should be
    It makes good sense to encourage women to              introduced in export-oriented sectors. Equal pay
    build their business. Inherent doubts about the        legislation should be introduced and applicable
    credibility of women business people must be           to national and foreign service suppliers, including
    addressed and removed.                                 covering benefits for part-time as well as full-time
                                                           workers. Supporting women to get organised, and
(d) India will launch a new Foreign Trade Policy in        have strong representation, such as through unions,
    April 2008, which will contain specific women’s        is key in achieving better working conditions. There
    empowerment aspects for encouraging                    is need to balance labour rights and export-led
    women engaged in trade. This is a novel and            growth strategy for workers, and the majority of
    welcome development. Establishment and                 women.
    support for a National Council of Women
    Entrepreneurs in India will be an important                Social protection clauses (safety nets) to
    aspect of the implementation of this policy.           assist women workers adversely affected by trade
                                                                     Conclusions and Recommendations 11

liberalisation (such as through job losses) could be      (a) WTO agreements, the African, Caribbean
introduced. Existing examples such as in Pakistan or          and Pacific Group of States–European Union
Bangladesh, with regard to the ready-made garment             economic partnership agreements, and bilateral
sector could be considered. Women’s education is              and regional free trade agreements, must feature
particularly pertinent to securing better benefits            gender-sensitive aspects. Necessary policy space
from trade liberalisation. Access to education must           could be provided to developing countries in
be provided as a crucial aspect of any attempt to             trade agreements to provide specific support
empower women. Continued emphasis on women’s                  to women-oriented sectors. Trade liberalisation
education is important in the long term. Skills               should be paced in a way that more vulnerable
development of women through training and re-                 sectors are liberalised slowly, or excluded from
training of women is necessary, especially in those           liberalisation commitments, keeping in mind the
sectors that are declining, so that women can find            possible fallouts for women workers employed
new jobs or seek better remuneration.                         in these sectors. The focus of such agreements
                                                              should be on development as the end objective,
     Support to women entrepreneurs should be                 not trade per se, and in this regard to promote
strengthened, as they are mostly self-motivated and           gender empowerment.
can be effective agents of change for many women.
Financial opportunities for women, such as credit         (b) A gender criteria should be introduced in
facilities, need to be created to enable women,               international trade agreements allowing and
especially entrepreneurs, to engage in trading                promoting positive measures under Aid for
activities. Information on market opportunities need          Trade, development support, investment, and/
to be made more easily available to women to enable           or mitigating and accompanying stipulations
them to get a better deal (price) for their production.       that are designed in a way that explicitly
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with                addresses gender-specific measures. These
women workers or entrepreneurs must be provided               include, for example, safety nets, provisions that
more support to be competitive in national and                promote women entrepreneurs, regulations
international markets. Investment and industrial              that encourage supply capacity-building, and
policies, including entrepreneurial development,              control over productive resources.
should emphasise women’s empowerment. Special
tax incentives should be extended to women-owned          (c) There is need to reach common understanding
enterprises for encouraging exports. Building of              among nations regarding definition of
trade-related infrastructure—including rural areas            disproportionate gender impact, gender-
and rural markets—to encourage more women                     sensitive sector, etc., and criteria of evaluation.
participation in trade is needed.
                                                          (d) At the same time, careful attention is needed
                                                              to avoid the mandatory integration of core
5.	 Gender	sensitisation	in	international	                    labour standards into trade agreements as
    trade	agreements	and	arrangements                         these can become sources of non-tariff barriers
                                                              to exports. Incentive-based schemes as in some
    Gender sensitisation must also be taken into              preferential trading arrangements could be
serious consideration at the international level              considered in ensuring job creation with good
so that appropriate support measures can be                   labour standards. An example is the Cambodian
provided to increase opportunities for integrating            experience with the “Better Factories Cambodia”
the gender dimension into trade. International                scheme. Such trade incentive schemes should
trade agreements should also provide special                  be part of a complementary set of policies to
consideration for gender-sensitive sectors, so as             promote productivity and fairness, as well as
to strengthen opportunities for further expansion             ensure monitoring of compliance.
of exports in these sectors and thus promote
women’s empowerment.                                      (e) Countries granting trade preferences could
                                                              consider deepening the preference in sectors
   In this regard, the following recommendations              having significant employment of women in the
were advanced:                                                exporting country. This would be particularly
12 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

    relevant for Generalised System of Preferences          labour, earnings and expenditures should be
    (GSP) schemes.                                          more systematically collected.

(f ) Comprehensive gender assessments should be         (g) Multiple trade negotiations are taking place
     undertaken as integral parts of trade impact           simultaneously at the multilateral, regional
     assessment of outcomes of liberalisation               and bilateral levels, creating much confusion
     under the WTO and free trade agreements.               for workers and businesses, including those
     Comprehensive assessment of gender effects             involving women. There is thus need for
     from trade reform is required to deepen the            UNCTAD and other international organisations
     understanding of gender-specific effects               to continue to build up negotiating capacities of
     of particular trade policy, accordingly and            countries —human, institutional and regulatory–
     proactively providing for gender-sensitive             and facilitate stakeholder consultations so that
     negotiating strategies and policies. This should       the general public becomes aware of intricacies
     include country-specific studies of the gender-        and implications of trade negotiations. Without
     differentiated impacts of trade policies as            devoted attention to such broad capacity
     well as consequences of gender relations and           development issues, the attention to gender
     inequalities for trade performance. In this area       mainstreaming will remain relegated to a
     of research, the most pertinent problems relate        subsidiary issue. The UNCTAD/DFID/India
     to paucity of gender-disaggregated data, lack          project approach has proven useful in building
     of motivation in gender mainstream research            such capacities in India and thus it should be
     and lack of relevant research expertise. Thus,         considered for replication in other countries and
     gender-disaggregated data on household                 other regions, especially Africa.
                    Inaugural Address of Ms. Meira Kumar,
  I               Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment

Dr. Supachai, Secretary-General of UNCTAD,                    In service sector, women’s share of employment
Mr. G.K. Pillai, Commerce Secretary,                      exceeds that of men. However, women are more
                                                          likely to earn less than men for the same type of
Ladies and gentlemen,                                     work, even in traditionally female occupations.
                                                          Women are still concentrated in sectors that are
    At the outset, let me compliment UNCTAD               traditionally associated with their gender roles,
India for organising this international conference        particularly in community, social and personal
on ‘Moving Towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade          services, whereas men dominate the better-paid
Policy’. The topic is relevant, as it has the potential   jobs in financial and business services and real
to link international trade with empowerment of           estate. The gender segregation of occupations is
women, not only in India but the world over. Women,       changing, but only slowly. Female stereotypes,
as a group, are economically more disadvantaged           such as caring, docile care-giver and home-
than men, especially in developing countries,             based worker, are being reinforced and may be
where women constitute the economically poorest           perpetuated into the next generation if market
segment with estimates ranging anywhere between           opportunities continue to be restricted for women.
60 to 70 percent.                                         Segmentation trends do not show any significant
                                                          signs of decline with women’s share increasing
     In India, women employment is the highest in         in women oriented industries such as personal
the traditional low-wage activities like agriculture,     services and categories such as maids, teachers,
forestry and fishing. Occupational distribution of        health, sales workers, and clerical workers. Thus
women workforce indicates the gender segregation          at the aggregate level there are no clear signs of
of tasks. The underlying reality of low levels of         increasing economic empowerment of women.
education and skill formation among the female            However, even in this context, there are sectors,
workers confines them mostly to low paid and              which have shown signs of positive changes. In
unskilled jobs compared to their male counterparts.       this background the IT and ITES sector, finance and
While agriculture still accounts for the largest chunk    insurance, health and hospitality sector assume
of women workers in rural areas, in urban areas,          special significance. The most important factors
tertiary sector accounts for more than half of the        influencing gain from exports is the educational
women workers.                                            and skill attainment of women. It requires major
                                                          domestic investment in favour of women. It
    In agriculture, the backbreaking work of              requires active participation of state and inter-
weeding, usually reserved for women, has the              governmental agencies.
lowest wage rate. In the informal sector, where most
women are employed and where little effective                  Studies point towards the fact that trade
monitoring and control exist, women are being             liberalisation has increased the proportion of women
paid lower wages than men. In the organised sector,       in the labour force in many countries. For many
where equal remuneration laws are more directly           women, more integrated markets have resulted in
enforceable, pure wage discrimination does not            an improvement in their economic and social status.
exist. However, differential levels in education imply    New jobs in export sectors have been filled by
that women are usually less skilled than men. Thus,       new entrants in the formal economy. For instance,
women generally attain only lower level jobs even         majority of women workers in chikan embroidery
within the organised sector.                              and tufted carpets in India has got employment in
14 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

5 years due to increase in exports. The tufted carpet       including in land and credit. Other dimensions of
export has increased by 55.5 percent during 1995–           gender inequality, most notably those related to
2005, on an average rate of 26 percent per annum.           wage gaps and working conditions, have been
In Bangladesh, growth in the ready-made clothing            found to contribute to growth positively in semi-
industry has created close to two million jobs in           industrialised export-oriented countries. In these
the formal economy, over three-quarters of them             instances, export successes and growth have come
filled by women. Their increased employment has             at the expense of gender inequality, while this may
changed the economic status of women and has                be surely beneficial for export earnings in the short
reportedly enhanced women’s social status, their            run, it is not necessarily beneficial for women in the
control of income, and their decision-making power          long-term.
in the family.
                                                                There is a growing evidence suggesting that
    Trade in women-oriented export sectors                  men and women experience the impacts of trade
has enabled women to use their potential in the             policies differently. Research also indicates that
labour market, and to a certain extent, achieve             in certain cases women employment and wages
economic independence. In developing and least              have increased in the period of trade liberalisation.
developing countries, any incremental employment            In the Indian context, this is supported by the co-
opportunities, whether regular or casual, has               movement in tea, coffee and rubber exports and
benefited women. Income generated from                      employment in recent decades. Further, gender
increased employment opportunities in growing               specific employment effect reveals that women have
export oriented sectors lead to greater economic            borne the major brunt of the fall in employment in
empowerment of women. However, this has yet                 case of decline of exports. Women also get major
to result in a meaningful social empowerment                benefits in case of export surges. National trade
of women, equitable distribution of household               policy formulation needs to be cognizant of these
responsibilities, equal pay for work of equal value, and    findings for advancing and protecting the interests
gender balance across all occupations. The effects of       of women in gender intensive sectors in the
trade liberalisation may vary across regions of each        international trade regime.
country. It is particularly true in a vast country like
India which is full of diversities, differential regional        Gender-awareness in trade policy formulation
levels of development and varied socio-cultural             requires a deeper and contextualised understanding
settings.                                                   of the interactions between gender inequalities,
                                                            class-based inequalities and poverty, on the one
     While women represent 48% of total population          hand, and trade policies and trade performance,
in India, they constitute only 31% of the employment        on the other. County-specific studies of the gender-
market. Of this proportion, only 4.06 per cent of the       differentiated impacts of trade policies as well
women were employed in the organised sector while           as country-specific studies on the ways in which
the remaining 95.93 per cent were employed in the           gender relations and inequalities affect trade
unorganised sector. Therefore, the ratio of women           performance are needed. Creative solutions need
in the workforce is not commensurate with their             to be explored whereby importing countries can
share in the population. However, the female work           accord concessional access to imports from those
participation rate has increased overall from 19.7% in      sectors which predominantly employ women.
1981 to 25.7% in 2001. Though this trend is upward,
the female work participation rate is still around              Empowerment is a multi-faceted, multi-
50% lower than the male participation rate. Studies         dimensional and multi-layered concept. Women’s
in this context have revealed that participation of         empowerment is a process in which women gain
women in rural areas is much higher than in urban           greater share of control over resources—material,
areas- an indicator of the high absorptive capacity         human and intellectual—and access to money
of the agriculture and allied sectors.                      and control over decision-making in the home,
                                                            community, society and nation, and gain `power’.
   The dimensions of gender inequality which                Let us work hand in hand for ensuring that
constrain developing country exports include                trade policy outcomes lead to empowerment of
command and control over income and assets,                 women.
  x                    Statement by Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi,
                            Secretary-General of UNCTAD
II                   “The impact of trade and globalisation on gender in India”

Excellency, Ms. Meira Kumar, Minister for Social               Conversely, in countries with low-levels of
Justice and Empowerment,                                   trade integration and a dominance of commodity-
                                                           production, the impact of trade on women in
Mr. G.K. Pillai, Commerce Secretary, Government            the labour market appears less positive. This, for
of India,                                                  example, is the case in several countries in sub-
                                                           Saharan Africa.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
                                                               Thus, the association between trade and women
    Let me warmly welcome you to this conference           empowerment can be positive. But it cannot be
and say how pleased I am to participate in it. It deals    assumed to be either automatic or generalised.
with a subject of trade that I strongly support. The       Establishing the details of this association requires
universal goal of gender equality is enshrined in          in-depth analysis and research.
the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights. It is also a key goal of      UNCTAD’s	contribution	to	trade	and	gender	
the Millennium Development Goals.
                                                               This international seminar is a contribution
Impact	of	trade	liberalisation	on	gender	                  by UNCTAD towards a more in-depth assessment
                                                           of the linkages between trade, globalisation
    One of the issues that is only beginning to            and gender empowerment so that there can
receive international attention is the impact of trade     be realisation of mutually beneficial gains. It is
liberalisation and globalisation on gender. Empirical      consistent with our mission to foster international
evidence on the link between trade liberalisation          consensus and build national capacities to ensure
and gender is scant. Nevertheless, we do know              that there is trade expansion which leads to
that trade has gender-related effects. This is not         growth and development for all, and especially
surprising given that women participate in various         the vulnerable and disadvantage groups like
levels of production and trade whether locally or          women.
                                                               Our contribution in the era of globalisation in the
    Available empirical evidence suggests a direct         next years will be charted out by our member States
link between exports and female employment.                at the twelfth session of UNCTAD in Accra, Ghana
This is especially visible in the labour-intensive         from 20–25 next April 2008. The outcome of this
manufacturing sector, where the proportion of              seminar can make a useful input to this conference
women workers tends to be comparatively large.             on trade, gender and development.

    For example, increased exports were associated         Some findings on trade and gender linkages
with increased female employment in such countries         in	India
as Mauritius, Tunisia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Malaysia,
and the ‘East Asian Tigers’. Moreover, researchers             This seminar will discuss, among others, a
found that industrialisation in the newly industrialised   number of findings that emerged from a new
economies of Taiwan Province of China, Hong Kong           empirical study by the UNCTAD/DFID/India Project
China, South Korea, and Singapore is as much female-       in collaboration with UNDP, on the impact of trade
led as it is export-led.                                   and globalisation on gender in India.
1 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

    I would like to highlight a few of them:               trend is that of an increasing casualisation of labour,
                                                           which particularly affects women. Export-related
    First, women are significant stakeholders in the       trade growth often leads to an increase in demand
process of trade growth and development. This              for casual workers, a high percentage of them being
must be recognised and harnessed by Government             women. Women’s work is often insecure, temporary
to make globalisation more inclusive with pro-poor         or part-time, with little protection and few fringe
impact. It must also be taken into consideration           benefits. The low-levels of education and skill
seriously at the international level so that appropriate   formation among the female workers confine them
support measures can be provided to increase               mostly to low paid, unskilled jobs.
opportunities for integrating the gender dimension
into trade more beneficially.                                  Overall therefore, the situation is yet to achieve
                                                           a notable improvement in the real empowerment
    Second, both employment and wages of women             for women, equitable distribution of household
have increased in export-oriented sectors that have        responsibilities, equal pay for work of equal value
experienced dynamic export growth. This is evident         and gender balance across occupations.
for example in the handicraft sector, the wearing
apparel sector, the fisheries sector and the IT sector.    Policy	implications	regarding	gender	
In contrast in the other less export-oriented sectors,     empowerment	in	trade
earnings of women have stagnated.
                                                               So what are the policy implications of these
    Third, the positive effect of trade expansion          findings? What can be done to make trade bring
on women’s employment and wages has, in                    development gains to women, to their families, to
turn, improved intra-household dynamics and                the industries in which they are employed, and to
generated positive development spillovers.                 India?
69% of respondents surveyed in the study
attributed an increase in their social status to the           At the national level, a number of actions could
improvement in their economic status owing to              be considered.
their involvement in expanding export sectors.
So wherever female employment opportunities                   Women’s groups must be consulted to a
have improved, women became increasingly                   greater extent and in a systematic and structured
empowered.                                                 manner, in the formulation of trade policies or
                                                           negotiating positions, so as to integrate the
    Furthermore, previous research shows that              gender dimension.
women tend to spend a greater proportion of
their income than men on education and health,                 Export-oriented sectors with high female
particularly for their children.                           employment should receive particular attention
                                                           by the Government. There may also be a case
     Fourth, if trade can be a positive force for          for international trade agreements to provide
women’s empowerment, it can have adverse effects.          special consideration for such sectors, so as to
Tea and coffee production—which are dominated              strengthen opportunities for further expansion of
by plantation production and are labour intensive—         exports in these sectors and thus promote gender
for example, experienced a sharp fall in exports due       empowerment.
to other competitive producers in the international
market. As a direct result, there was a strong drop            Conscious efforts by the central and state
in women employment in the plantations. This               governments are required to consolidate the share
provides insights into measures needed to cater to         of women in different sub-sectors. It must be realised
women workers that become unemployed due to                that gender issues need to be integrated within the
trade liberalisation.                                      larger perspective of economic reforms.

    Fifth, female workers continue to earn about               Women’s education and supportive work
30% less than male workers irrespective of the             environment are crucial to reaping better benefits
industry, region or location. Another worrying             from trade liberalisation. Highly educated women
                                                                                                Annexes 1

in the services sectors, for example, find new           and accordingly gender sensitive negotiating
employment and received relatively higher wages.         strategies could be evolved.
For women in those sectors that face declining
exports, re-training to gain new skills in dynamically      More broadly, there is a need for more research
growing export sectors will be important for them        on the linkages between trade performance and
to find new employment.                                  gender empowerment.

    At the international level, several development      Conclusion
dialogue and cooperation initiatives can provide
important stimulus to promoting trade growth with             In conclusion, please allow me to thank the
a gender dimension.                                      Government of India, especially the Ministry of
                                                         Commerce and Industry for its support to UNCTAD
    For example, countries granting trade preferences    and the UNCTAD/DFID/India project. I also wish to
could consider deepening these preferences in            thank DFID for its valuable support to the project and
sectors that employ a high proportion of women           its emphasis on pro-poor development processes,
in the exporting country. This would be particularly     which is consistent with UNCTAD’s development
relevant for GSP schemes.                                mission. This partnership has over the years borne
                                                         important benefits for all partners and we hope it
    Countries should consider gender as an integral      will continue in the years ahead. I also wish to thank
part of Trade Impact Assessment of FTAs/WTO trade        UNDP for the collaboration in this initiative.
outcomes. This would deepen the understanding of
gender specific effects of particularly trade policy         Thank you very much.
                         Statement by Mr. G. K. Pillai,
III                  Commerce Secretary, Government of India

Honourable Minister for Social Justice,                      toilets and crèches. Many times when some of these
Secretary-General UNCTAD,                                    conditions are imposed by the importer, there is
Distinguished guests on the dais,                            tremendous resistance. But in many developed
                                                             countries, the consumer revolution is so strong that
Dear friends,                                                a product will not sell if it is found that the factories
                                                             producing these products exploit women, employ
    As part of globalisation, there’s always a great         child labour or don’t provide minimum wages.
fear of a loss of jobs. On one side, we need to protect      Therefore, companies that import products from us
our jobs. At the same time, the opportunities                insist that these standards are met. In fact, even if we
outside are so huge that we need to both empower             don’t have labor laws specifying these standards, the
and provide the necessary skills for the workforce in        exporter understands that the importers demands
India, especially women to tackle these challenges. I        in terms of the production conditions need to be
must congratulate UNCTAD not only for the studies            met. In many cases, many of the exporting factories
they have made but also for the support that they            have superior facilities, far above the requirements
have provided to the Government of India in terms            as set by labour standards. This is something they
of empowering the stakeholders and making                    can afford to do, because of the value that they get
knowledge and information available right down to            by virtue of exporting.
the grass-root level.
                                                                 In so far as the Foreign Trade policy is concerned,
     One may wonder how trade affects women. On              in the government, we have always looked at
one side, if Kanjeevaram sarees are imported from            women as a great resource. But in the foreign trade
China and don’t have Geographical Indication to              policies that have been formulated over the years,
protect the livelihood of women who produce them,            there has been no specific mention of gender or
they could be out of work. You have to find new              gender sensitivity. This year, as a result of UNCTAD’s
markets, niche markets to protect their product. If          work as well as the efforts of the Commonwealth
you look broadly across the broad spectrum of most           Secretariat, we are looking at number of options
of the sectors whose trade takes place, whether its          before us. I’m hopeful that when the Foreign Trade
IT, handloom, agriculture, electric hardware, fisheries      policy is announced by the end of the first week of
and so on, you’ll find that the majority of the people       April, you will find for the first time, specific gender
working in most of these sectors, including textiles,        issues being tackled in terms of incentives for
are women.                                                   women entrepreneurs and in terms of incentives for
                                                             exporters who would provide certain basic facilities
     Now international trade in some sense helps to          that would enhance the capability of their women
ensure that these women are provided with greater            workers or even their women entrepreneurs. This is
facilities—not just in terms of their minimum wages          something we hope we’ll be able to do. Let me once
but also in terms of provision of facilities like separate   again wish this function a grand success.
  x                          Statement by Abhijit Das,
                      Deputy Project Coordinator and Officer in
IV                      Charge, UNCTAD India Programme

Hon’ble Ms. Meira Kumar, Minister for Social             and providing them a platform for articulating their
Justice and Empowerment,                                 interests and concerns in the context of bilateral
Dr. Supachai, Secretary-General of UNCTAD,               and multilateral trade negotiations. As many of you
Mr. G. K. Pillai Commerce Secretary,                     may be aware, negative list refers to those products
Ms. Lakshmi Puri Acting DSG of UNCTAD and                which are excluded from tariff elimination between
Director DITC,                                           FTA partners. Economic analysis by the project,
Mr. Chris Murgatroyd of DFID India,                      buttressed with stakeholder feedback, has enabled
Ms. Nafisa Ali and Ms. Nandita Das,                      it to recommend the negative list to the DOC in
Participants,                                            the context of bilateral negotiations such as Indo
                                                         ASEAN and Indo EU negotiations. This important
Ladies and Gentlemen,                                    initiative demonstrates that trade liberalisation and
                                                         protecting vulnerable sectors can proceed hand in
    On behalf of UNCTAD-Commerce Ministry-DFID           hand.
project on Strategies and Preparedness for Trade
and Globalisation in India, I extend a warm welcome          The second objective of the project is to
to all of you.                                           improve preparedness of the stakeholders to benefit
                                                         from trade and globalisation as well as to adopt
    Let me take this opportunity to highlight            appropriate adjustment strategies. To achieve this
some of the activities of UNCTAD-India project. A        objective the project has established an extensive
project that seeks to enhance the understanding          network of partners, created databases, softwares
of the development dimension of key trade issues,        and web portals as a means of outreach as well
emphasising pro-poor approaches to trade and             as for sourcing information. These initiatives have
globalisation.                                           assisted stakeholders in taking a more informed
                                                         and balanced view of how globalisation affects
     With the broad objective of integrating             their business.
development concerns into the trade policy
formulation, the project has provided technical              In its endeavour to assist resource-poor artisans
inputs to the Department of Commerce through             and farmers to seek legal protection of their unique
well grounded and extensively peer reviewed              products, the project is facilitating GI registration
analytical research on a diverse range of issues.        of about 10 products in poorer regions of India.
These include trade facilitation, anti-dumping,          Banarasi Sarees and brocades, Lucknow Chikan
industrial subsidies, tariffs, green box subsidies in    work, Orissa Applique craft and Shahi Litchi of
agriculture, government procurement. It is a matter      Muzaffarpur are some of the products in which we
of considerable satisfaction for the project that most   are facilitating GI registration. GI registration would
of its analytical work have helped in the formulation    prevent producers from other regions free-riding on
of concrete negotiating proposals from India in          the reputation of unique traditional products. We
Doha Round. In all humility let me state that some       view this as an enduring contribution of the project
of the analytical work has attracted international       in preserving traditional products, enhancing
attention and acclaim.                                   their visibility and leveraging the GI protection for
                                                         harnessing commercial gains for the artisans and
    The project has also put into place a mechanism      farmers. Further details on this initiative have been
for reaching out to diverse range of stakeholders        provided in the flyer in your folders.
20 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

    In its various initiatives the project has worked    the 3 days. First, compilation and consolidation of
closely with state governments and exploring             evidence on trade-gender-development linkage.
suitable mechanisms for facilitating exports of          Second, identifying key policy interventions,
certain products which provide livelihood to poor        including trade policies, that may empower women
farmers and artisans.                                    and stimulate trade in turn.

     Coming to today’s conference. Trade benefits            In conclusion, let me mention that in the
all—men and women. But within the same country,          Indian context there is scant quantitative work on
for various reasons, benefits are distributed            trade-gender-development linkage. The studies
differently between men and women. The challenge         supported by the project are initial attempts at
is to understand the different channels through          enhancing our understanding and meeting the
which trade, gender and development interact; and        challenges mentioned earlier. We hope that this
derive lessons for formulating suitable policies which   International Conference will be a catalyst to kick
could make trade a potent instrument of gender           start the process of more empirical analytical work
empowerment. We have a galaxy of experts who             focused on India.
would deliberate on these issues. We are hopeful
of two broad outcomes from the deliberations of             Thank You.
  x                    Statement by Mr. Chris Murgatroyd,
                     Head Resources and Senior Governance
V                             Advisor, DFID India

Honorable Minister,                                     opportunities that work can generate, significantly
Secretary-General,                                      enhances the impact on growth.
Commerce Secretary,
                                                            We know for example, that by responding to
Ladies and gentlemen,                                   requests for support to assist with health services,
                                                        particularly access to institutional deliveries
    Thanks very much for giving me the opportunity      through government centrally sponsored schemes,
of addressing you this morning. Susanna Moorehead,      access to educational opportunities again through
heading DFID India, sends her regrets, but I’m          the government’s flagship support through the
pleased that I’ve been able to join and provide         Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan, the DFID is in a position
the opportunity in two and a half years for all the     to assist with some of these linkages to key gender
stakeholders to be represented together.                indicators, particularly identifying the data/
                                                        disaggregating data sources so that over time, in
    DFID has had a close association with UNCTAD        partnership, we can ensure that our support has
and the Ministry for a number of years and we are       maximum impact. We’re particularly pleased to be
very proud of the work, particularly the analytical     able to support initiatives like the Mahila Samakhya
work that has been done under the project. I’m          Program, again focusing specifically on women’s
particularly pleased that we’ve got an opportunity      education and the empowerment opportunities
today to link the work that DFID has been very          that access to educational opportunities can bring.
happy to support on trade with the important issue      So a strong theme in all of our partnerships—
of gender. DFID has a commitment in all of our          through government partnerships, through
programs to focus on gender issues and we consider      other partners in India, and in all our partners
the social development implications of all of the       in other countries—is to ensure that economic
interventions that we’ve been asked to support in       opportunities for women deliver benefits across
each of the countries that we work in. We assess        societies through the income and other advances
those impacts and we particularly think about the       that they would bring.
implications for women and girls.
                                                            So whilst we are pleased to focus on our support
    We know that when we talk about the focus           through UNCTAD and through the programs that
on eradicating poverty, most of those who live in       we’re invited to support, we’re particularly pleased
poverty are women. And whilst we know that those        when we have the opportunity to link the two. Our
aspects of poverty play out differently in different    partnership with UNCTAD which has generated
societies, there are common features across the         some of the promotional material that you’ll see
world. We’re particularly concerned to ensure that      very shortly, as I understand, is a particular pleasure
all of the work has a mainstreaming of gender,          for us.
but also that we have an opportunity to engage
in specific interventions. We know, for example,             So again, thank you for inviting DFID to be a part
that in South Asia, the statistics around maternal      of this morning’s inauguration. I wish you all the very
mortality, infant mortality; particularly the impact    best for the next three days, and I hope for a very
of a lack of access to basic opportunities for girls,   successful outcome for this workshop.
has a distorting impact on growth. Inviting women
and girls into economic empowerment and into the            Thank you.
                                 Statement by Ms. Nandita Das,
VI                                  Film Actress and Director
Dear friends,                                             those who were being talked about. Again, I’m no
                                                          more cynical, I think that everything is needed-all
    I am not at all an authority on the subject that is   this brainstorming, all these policy makers who
going to be discussed and all of you are. The reason      benefit from grassroot level experiences and the
one tries to come for such conferences is to try and      grassroot level workers are indeed benefited from
reaffirm one’s faith and not to be cynical about          the policies that are made.
life—that good things are being done, that people
are thinking and that all of us in some way are trying        As we are moving towards a more and more
to do our little bit to build a better world.             complex world, the problems are also getting more
                                                          complex and simple solutions are hard to find. The
     Always around the 8th of March there are             word globalisation is loved and hated by different
activities about women. I used to be very cynical         sectors where people are probably working towards
about then and would say “Oh my God, no more of           the same goal. I say ‘probably’ because the definition
this tokenism.” But as we grow older and we realise       of development can be interpreted differently. While
there is no room for cynicism. One feels that at least    there are some who think that globalisation is the
tokenism, at least in March and end of February until     best thing that has happened to the world, there
it fades away, we are going to focus on issues that       are others who think that globalisation is the ruin
are very important. Gender sensitivity in every field     for developing countries or those countries where
is extremely important. It should be one of the most      disparities are growing because of it. So I am sure a
normal things, but as most normal things don’t            very stimulating discussion is going to happen in the
happen, we have to make an extra effort towards           next three days. Unfortunately, I’m not going to be
doing those things.                                       part of it but I really look forward to seeing Ansuya’s
                                                          and Ajay’s film which I am sure will give important
     I remember when I did my Masters in Social Work,     insights.
I used to be associated with many NGOs that worked
at the grassroot level. I used to scorn at all these          I hope to meet you all as well.
conferences—I used to wonder whether any of the
discussions in air-conditioned rooms ever benefited           Thank you.
  x                       Statement by Ms. Nafisa Ali,
                  Film Actress, Social Activist and Chairperson
VII                       of the Children’s Film Society

Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen and my                 protected by means of geographic indicators.
distinguished guests on the dais,
                                                               Another important thing is that when the
     I think the important thing about a documentary or    international community comes here they specify
the moving pictures is that it explains, reaches out and   the importance of making access to simple facilities
has a far more important impact on the mind than just      such as toilets which is helpful. I was just talking
talking. I’ve realised that a documentary is something     to the SEWA representative from Gujarat in this
you can’t just ignore. It’s very good that we’re at this   conference and she told me about their phenomenal
policy and decision making stage, but you eventually       movement in Gujarat where they were trying to
have to take the information to the masses.                enhance the status of women despite efforts to
                                                           crush their initiative by the government. Their work
     Therefore, the decision that you make must be         makes me very proud. Women need to stand tall
brought forward at the grassroot level, awareness          and strong while the policy makers need to protect
should be created for women in general. In India,          the secular fabric of our country and ensure that
women need to be empowered- they deserve the               women get their rightful share in terms of economic
income and the respect that the male is getting.           opportunities and social status.
Even though the male feels he is working harder, I
feel that women work much harder.                             I’m glad that I’ve been a part of this in a small
                                                           way and if you need me further, I’m here. If you could
     It’s important that the world looks at the            make a simple documentary in regional languages
seriousness of the creativity of Indian artisans and       and try and air it on Doordarshan the information
crafts. And though we would like to see products           could be accessed by most of India’s population.
from all over the world in the form of imports,
its important that our unique products are also                Thank you and all the best for the programme.
 n                         Conference Programme
 e                 International Conference on
             “Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of
               Trade Policy” 25–27 February, 2008
VIII                 Hotel Le Meridien (Napoleon 1), New Delhi

                                   25 February, 2008
       Registration: 11:00 hrs–12:15 hours
       Inaugural Session: 12:15 hours–13:15 hours

       	   Chief Guest: Hon’ble Mrs. Meira Kumar, Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment,
            Government of India
       	   Guest of Honour: Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi , Secretary-General of UNCTAD
       	   Special Guest: Mr. G.K.Pillai, Commerce Secretary, Government of India
       	   Celebrity Guests:
               Ms. Nandita Das, Actress & Director and
               Ms. Nafisa Ali, Chairperson, Children’s Film Society of India
       	   Address by Mr. Chris Murgatroyd, Head Resources and Senior Governance Advisor,
            DFID India
       	   Address by Mr. Abhijit Das, Deputy Project Coordinator and Officer in Charge
            UNCTAD India Programme
                                Lunch: 13:15 hrs–14:00 hours
       14:00 hrs–15:30 hrs
       Session 1—Gender and International Trade: Opportunities and Concerns
       Chair: Mrs. Lakshmi Puri, Acting Deputy Secretary-General of UNCTAD and Director
       Division on International Trade and Commodities (DITC), UNCTAD
       Presentations by:
       	   Mr. Abhijit Das, Deputy Project Coordinator and Office in Charge, UNCTAD India—
            Overview of Studies on Trade and Gender Supported by UNCTAD India
       	   Dr. Shahid Ahmed, UNCTAD India—Trade Openness and Gender Empowerment: An
       	   Dr. K.P. Sunny, National Productivity Council, India—Impact of Trade and
            Globalisation on Gender in India
       Open House Discussion
                                                                                  Annexes 2

                        Tea Break 15:30 hours–15:45 hours
    15:45 hours - 17:00 hours
    Session 2—Women in Trade: Journey to Success
    Chair: Dr. Kiran Chadha, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Women & Child Development,
    Government of India
    Presentations by:
    	   Mrs. Rama Devi, ALEAP— Impact of Trade on Women in Business and Suggestions
         for Inclusive Growth.
    	   Mrs. Archana Bhatanagar, Mahakaushal Association of Women Entrepreneurs—
         Combating Globalisation: My Entrepreneurial Effort and Dissemination through
         Association Initiatives for Gender Sensitisation.
    	   Dr. Rajnee Aggarwal, Federation of Indian Women Entrepreneurs—Journey to
         Success: My Experience with Globalisations
                            17:00 hours–18:00 hours
              Screening of the Film on Trade and Gender
Film by Mr. Ajay Shetty and Ms. Ansuya Vaidya, SaaReeGaa Productions, New Delhi
      KARMAYOGINI: The Indian Woman Worker in the Age of Globalisation
                             26 February, 2008
    10:00 hours–13:00 hours
    Session 3—Sector-Specific Gender Dimensions of International Trade: Fisheries,
    Handicrafts and Services
    Chair: Mr. Anand S. Bhal, Economic Advisor, DFID
    Presentations by:
    	   CSR, New Delhi India—Impact of Trade and Globalisation on Gender in India: A Case
         Study of Women Workers in the Fisheries Sector
    	   STADD, New Delhi India—Impact of Trade and Globalisation on Women Workers in
         the Handicraft Sector: Evidence from the Carpet and Embroidery Sectors
    Open House Discussion
    	   Dr. Rashmi Banga, UNCTAD India—Impact of Trade in Services on Gender
         Employment in India
    	   Discussant: Ms Jacqueline Maleko, Ministry of Industry and Trade,
         United Republic of Tanzania
    	   Ms. Hameda Dedaat, Gender and Economic Reforms in Africa Programme (Part
         of TWN), South Africa—The Socio-Economic Impact of Trade Liberalisation and
         Employment Loss on Women in the South African Clothing Industry: A Cape Town
         Case Study, South Africa
    	   Discussant: Dr. Marzia Fontana, Institute of Development Studies, U.K.
    Open House Discussion
2 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

               	   Dr. Indira Hirway, Centre for Development Alternatives, India—Trade and Gender
                    Inequality in Labour Market: A Case of Textile and Garment Industry in India
               	   Discussant: Dr. Swapna Mukhopadhyay, National Institute of Public Finance and
                    Policy, India
               	   Ms. Yumiko Yamamoto, UNDP, Asia-Pacific Regional Centre, Sri Lanka—Gendered
                    Impacts of the Expiry of WTO Agreement on Textiles and Clothing on Developing
                    Economies in the Asia-Pacific: Assessment and Policies
               	   Discussant: Dr. Selim Raihan, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
               Open House Discussion
                                    Lunch: 13:00 hours–14:00 hours
               14:00 hours–17:00 hours
               Session 4—Trade and Gender: Experiences of Other Countries and Regions
               Chair: Deborah McGurk, Senior Economic Advisor, DFID
               Presentations by:
               	   Selim Raihan, Rabeya Khatoon, M. Jami Husain and Suriya Rahman: Modelling
                    Gender Impacts of Policy Reforms in Bangladesh: A Study in a Sequential Dynamic
                    CGE Framework—Presentation by: Dr. Selim Raihan, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
               	   Discussant: Dr Mohammad A. Razzaque, Commonwealth Secretariat, U.K
               	   Günseli Berik and Yana van der Meulen Rodgers: The Debate on Labor Standards and
                    International Trade: Lessons from Cambodia and Bangladesh, Presentation by: Dr.
                    Günseli Berik, University of Utah, Utah, USA
               	   Discussant: Dr. Karin Ulmer, APRODEV, Belgium
               	   Dr. Marzia Fontana, Institute of Development Studies, UK—The gender effects of trade in
                    developing countries: A review of recent evidence
               Open House Discussion
               	   Dr. Lanyan Chen, Tianjin Normal University Tianjin China—Gender Sensitisation of
                    Trade Policies: Newborn Research in China
               	   Discussant: Prof. Shirin Rai, University of Warwick, UK
               	   May Sengendo and Godber Tumushabe: Provision and Access to Market Information
                    for Female and Male Exporters of Horticulture and Fisheries Sectors in Uganda,
                    Presentation by: Mrs. Appolonia Mugumbya, EAETDN, Uganda.
               	   Discussant: Ms. Yumiko Yamamoto, UNDP, Asia-Pacific Regional Centre, Sri Lanka
               	   Dr. Yassine Fall, UNIFEM—Trade Liberalisation and Gender Equality: Experiences and
                    Lessons learned from the Global South
               	   Discussant: Ms. Hameda Dedaat, Gender and Economic Reforms in Africa
                    Programme(Part of TWN), South Africa
               Open House Discussion
                                                                              Annexes 2

                           27 February, 2008
10:00 hours–12:00 hours
Session 5—Mainstreaming of Gender in Trade Negotiations: Voices from Policy
Makers and Gender Experts
Chair: Mr. Bonapas Onguglo, Chief, Office of the Director, DITC, UNCTAD
Presentations by:
	   Prof. Shirin Rai and Prof. Catherine Hoskyns, University of Warwick, UK: Gender
     Expert Group on Trade: Lessons from the UK, Presentation by: Prof. Shirin Rai
     University of Warwick, UK
	   Dr. Karin Ulmer, APRODEV, Association of World Council of Churches Related
     Development Organisations in Europe, Brussels, Belgium—EU Trade Policies: The
	   Ms. Rezani Aziz, Women’s Chamber of Industry & Commerce, Sri Lanka—
     Mainstreaming of Gender in Trade Negotiations: Sri Lankan Perspective
	   Dr. Safdar Sohail, D.G. Foreign Trade Institute of Pakistan—Gender Sensitisation in
     Pakistan’s Trade Policy
	   Mr. Md. Osman Goni Talukder, Ministry of Women and Children Affairs Bangladesh—
     Mainstreaming of Gender in Trade Negotiations: Experience of RMG Sector in
Open House Discussion
12:00 hours–13:00 hours
Session 6: Concluding Session
	   Rapporteur’s Report
	   Concluding Remarks by Mr. Bonapas Onguglo, Chief, Office of the Director, DITC,
                    Lunch: 13:00 hours–14:00 hours

IX       List of Participants

S.No. Name                Organisation                    Contacts

1.   A.K. Gupta           Advisor, APEDA                  3rd Floor, NCUI Building,
                                                          3 Siri Institutional Area, August Kranti
                                                          Marg, New Delhi – 110016
                                                          Ph: 26514525
                                                          Direct: 26513204, 26534191
                                                          Fax: 26526187
2.   Abhijit Das          Deputy Project Coordinator &    UNCTAD India Project
                          Officer in Charge               Room 421, The Taj Ambassador Hotel,
                                                          2, Sujan Singh Park,
                                                          New Delhi – 110003
                                                          Ph: 24635036/54/55
                                                          Fax: 24635000
3.   Adhikari Singh       Editor/Bureau Chief, Trade      F-1, Amrapali, A-132, Dilshad Colony,
                          Information Service             Delhi – 110095
                                                          Ph: 22092012
                                                          Mobile: 9312984457
4.   Alexander S. Shust   Head of Department              17, Moskovskaya Str. Minsk,
                          for Political & Economic        Belarus – 220007
                          Research, Academy of Public     Tel: 375-172286321
                          Administration under the
                          Aegis of the President of the
                          Republic of Belarus
5.   Alice Sebastian      Ph D Fellow                     Centre for Development Studies
                                                          Prasanth Nagar, Road, Ullor,
                                                          Thiruvananthapuram – 695 011
                                                          Ph: 0471 2448881-4
                                                          Fax: 0471 2447137
6.   Amrit Kallar         Chairperson Seminars &          Haylide Chemicals,
                          Workshops, MAWE                 ISO 9001:2000 Certified,
                                                          433/2 Napier Town,
                                                          Jabalpur – 482001
                                                                                   Annexes 2

S.No. Name                Organisation                  Contacts

7.    Anand S. Bhal       Economic Adviser, DFID        DFID India
                                                        British High Commission,
                                                        B-28, Tara Crescent,
                                                        Qutab Institutional Area,
                                                        New Delhi – 110016
                                                        Tel: 42793352, 26529123 Ext : 3352
                                                        Fax: 26529296
8.    Andrew Allimad      UNECA                         Box – 3005
                                                        Addi Ababa
9.    Anita Pauline Dey   Ex Secretary Association of   W. H. Smith Memorial School
                          Schools for ISC (U.P.)        D. 59/108, Sigra,
                          Branch Exceutive Member       Varanasi – 221010, Uttar Pradesh
                          Indo-American Chamber of      Ph: 0542-2221439
10.   Anita Sodhi De      Committee Member,             W. H. Smith Memorial School
                          Indo-American Chamber of      Sigra,
                          Commerce, U P Branch          Varanasi,
                                                        Mobile: 09415226655
11.   Anjana Chellani     International Labour          55, Lodhi Estate,
                          Organisation                  New Delhi – 110003
                                                        Ph: 24602101 extn 210
12.   Anushree Sinha      NCEAR                         Parisila Bhawan,
                                                        11, Indraprastha Estate,
                                                        New Delhi – 110002
                                                        Ph: (91-11) 23379861
                                                              /2 /3 /5 /6 /8, 23379857
                                                        Fax: (91-11) 2337-0164
13.   Anwesha Aditya      Doctoral Research Fellow,     Mobile: +91-9836152954
                          Department of Economics,      E-mail:
                          Jadavpur University
14.   Aparna Sinha        Research Scholar              C/O Prof P. N. Mehrotra,
                          Department of Economics       Department of Economics
                          University of Allahabad       E-mail:
30 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                     Contacts

15.    Archana Bhatnagar       President                        433/2 Napier Town
                               Mahakoushal Association          Jabalpur – 482001, (MP)
                               of Women Entrepreneurs           Ph: 0761-2311629/5035837
                               {MAWE}                               0761-2403629 / 5035837
16.    Arundhati               National Productivity Council,   Utpadakata Bhavan,
       Chattopadhyay           New Delhi                        5-6 Insitutional Area, Lodi Road,
                                                                New Delhi – 110 003
                                                                Ph: 24607371, 24690331, Extn: 371
                                                                Fax: 24615002
                                                                Mobile: 9810025565
17.    Arvinder A. Ansari      Department of Sociology          Mobile: 9899451465
                               Jamia Millia Islamia             E-mail:
18.    Ashutosh Sharma         Students, Department of          JMI
                               Economics, Jmi                   Cell: 9891664284
                               9891664284                       E-mail:
19.    B. Yerram Raju          Director, Development &          6-3-1216/95/A, Plot No.95 Methodist
                               Research Services                Colony Begumpet,
                                                                Hyderabad – 500 016
                                                                Tel: 40-23393512
                                                                Fax: 40-23404143, 23404183
                                                                Mobile: 9849086672
                                                                E-mail: yerramraju@sandilyaconsultants.
20.    B.D.Pawar               Director, CITA                   A-3, Gurukrupa Apartments, Narvir
                                                                Tanaji Wadi, Shivaji Nagar,
                                                                Pune – 411005
                                                                Telefax: 020 25533122
                                                                Mobile: 9370276686
21.    B.Senthilkumar          Project manager                  M/s Ikisan Limited
                                                                Vishnu Bhavan
                                                                No.1 Nagarjuna Hills
                                                                Hyderabad – 500 082
                                                                Telephone and Fax: +914023350671
                                                                Mobile: +919849984764
                                                                                      Annexes 31

S.No. Name                   Organisation                     Contacts

22.   Bhim Sain Verma        Representative of Ross           C-313/B, Majlis Park,
                             University, New York, USA        Delhi – 110033
                             Founder Member & Member          Tel: 27679058
                             of National Executive Board-     Fax: 27679058
                             Indian Institute of History of
                             Homeopath, Kolkata
23.   Bidhu Bhusan Mishra    Chairman,                        Plot No. 845/2480,
                             NISDAR,                          Baramunda,
                                                              Bhubaneswar – 751003.
                                                              Mobile: 09437134777
24.   Bonapas Onguglo        Chief, Office of the Director,   Division on International Trade
                             Project Officer                  in Goods and Services, and
                                                              UNCTAD, Geneva
                                                              Ph: 0 41 229175495
25.   C. Lalbiaksiami        Present Status: Research         Mailing Add: College Veng,
                             Scholar                          C-37, Near Presby.
                                                              Church, Aizawl.
                                                              Mobile: 9862360258
26.   Chanchal C. Sarkar     Deputy Director, Department      Ministry of Commerce & Industry,
                             of Commerce                      Govt. of India, Udhyog Bhawan,
                                                              New Delhi – 11
                                                              Tel: 23063916 (D), 23062261 Ext:554
                                                              Fax: 23063418
27.   Chandan Kumar Das      Project Coordinator              Madhuban, Baripada,
                             Development Agency for           P.O. Box No-35
                             Social Improvement (DASI)        Mayurbhanj – 757 001, Orissa
                                                              Tel: (06792) 253555, 257888 (R)
                                                              Mobile: 09861208297,
28.   Chingthanmawi Kullai   Present Status: Research         M15(b), Mission Vengthlang, Aizawl.
                             Scholar (UNCTAD Doctoral         Ph: 0389 – 2301325,
                             Fellowship Awardee)              Mobile: 9436353075
32 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                       Contacts

29.    D. Narasimha Reddy      Chief Coordinator,                 16-70(F), Ramakrishnapuram,
                               Centre for Handloom                Chirala Prakasam dist,
                               Information and Policy             AP, India – 523 155
                               Advocacy                           Mobile: 94901-67165
                                                                  E-mail: narasimha_donthi@yahoo.
30.    Debalina Roy            M.Phil. Research Fellow            Mobile: +91-9433901262
       Choudhury               Department of Economics,           E-mail:
                               Jadavpur University
31.    Debdutta Banerjee       Hony. Secretary                    21/1/1, Creek Row
                               Federation of Associations of      Kolkata – 700 014
                               Cottage & Small Industries         West Bengal
                               (FACSI)                            Tel: 033-22469281, 30948344,
                                                                       39587352, 32948344,
                                                                       9831262389, Resi (22259568)
                                                                  Fax: 033-22469281
                                                                  E-mail: shandilyadebdutta@yahoo.
32.    Deborah McGurk          Sr. Economic Adviser               British High Commission
                               DFID India                         B-28, Tara Crescent
                                                                  Qutab Institutional Area,
                                                                  New Delhi – 110 016
                                                                  Ph: 26529123
33.    Dhanpat Ram Agarwal     Director,                          6, Waterloo Street, 5th Floor,
                               Institute of International Trade   Room No.504, Kolkata – 700 069
                                                                  Fax: 91-33-2243 7688
                                                                  Ph: 91-33-2243 6504
                                                                  E-mail:; dra@cal2.
34.    Fahmida Khatun          Senior Research Fellow             House 40C, Road 11,
                               Centre for Policy Dialogue         Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka – 1209
                                                                  GPO Box 2129,
                                                                  Dhaka – 1000
                                                                  Ph: 8802 9145090, 9141734,
                                                                      9141703, 8124770
                                                                  Fax: 8802 8130951
                                                                  Mobile: 880 1713 244 344
                                                                           Annexes 33

S.No. Name             Organisation               Contacts

35.   Farida Akhtar    Executive Director         22/13, Khiljee Road, Block-B,
                       UBINIG                     Mohammadpur
                                                  Dhaka – 1207
                                                  Ph: 880 2 8111 465 / 8124533
                                                  Mobile: 880 1715 021898
                                                  Fax: 880 2 811 3065
36.   Fatima                                      C-2/29–SDA,
37.   Fazl-ur-rehman   Roznama Rashtriya Sahara   4th floor,
                                                  Sahara India Tower,
                                                  7-Kapoorthala Complex,
                                                  Aligang, Lucknow (India)
                                                  (Res.) C-3124, Indira nagar,
                                                  Lucknow – 226016
                                                  Fax: (0522)2332936,
                                                  Ph: (0522)2337777 Ext.5385
                                                  Mobile: 9936600744
38.   G. K. Pillai     Commerce Secretary,        Room No.-143, Udyog Bhawan,
                       Government of India        New Delhi
39.   Gagan Dhir       Consumer Voice             Mobile: 9312236941
40.   Gunseli Berik    Associate Professor of     University of Utah
                       Economics and Gender       1645 Central Campus Drive,
                       Studies                    Rm. 308 Salt Lake City,
                                                  UT – 84112
                                                  Ph: 801 581 7739
                                                  Fax: 801 585 5649
                                                  Mobile: 801 856 5923
41.   Hameda Deedat    University of Cape Town,   Private Bag, Rondebosch – 7701
                                                  South Africa
                                                  All Africa House, Middle Campus,
                                                  Off Stanley Road,
                                                  Rondebosch – 7700
                                                  Tel: +27 021 4485357
                                                  Fax: +27 021 685 2142 l
34 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                 Contacts

42.    Hanumant Yadav          ISPAT Times                  A-3-4, Burhani Plaza, Gokul Super
                                                            Bazar, Pandri,
                                                            Raipur – 492004
                                                            Ph: (R)0771-2262659.
                                                            Mobile: 0942552281
43.    Harmeet Sarin           International Labour         55, Lodhi Estate,
                               Organisation                 New Delhi – 110003
                                                            Ph: 24602101/2/3
44.    Himanshu Sekhar Rout    Government of Puducherry     Dr. S R K Government Arts College
                               PG Department of Economics   (Pondicherry University)
                               Dr. SRK Government Arts      Yanam – 533464
                               College                      Ph: 0884 2324123
                               (Pondicherry University)     Mobile: 09440851454
45.    Indira Hirway           Centre for Development       E-71 , Akash, Near Chief Justice’s
                               Alternatives,                Bungalow Bodakdev,
                                                            Ahmedabad – 380054, India
46.    Isaac Vanlalhruaia      Research Scholar and Sr.     Mailing Add: C-65/A,
                               Statistical Assistant,       Tuikual North, Aizawl,
                               Department of Economics,     Mizoram – 796001,OR,
                               Mizoram University.          Department of Economics,
                                                            Mizoram University,Tanhril: Aizawl.,
                                                            Ph: 0389–2317504,
                                                            Mobile: 09436366060,
47.    J Edwards               Asst. Secretary              Krumuttu Centre, 1st Floor
                               The Madras Chamber of        New No.634 Anna Salai, Nandanam,
                               Commerce & Industry          Chennai – 600035
                                                            Tel: 044-24349452/24349871
                                                            Fax: 044-24349164
                                                            Mobile: 98843 15409
48.    J. Habib Sy             Executive Direcor, Aid       258 B, Cite Djily Mbaye, Yoff,
                               Transparency                 Dakar Senegal
                                                            Tel: 221-8203750
                                                            Cell: 221-5691682
                                                            Fax: 221-8203667
                                                                                         Annexes 3

S.No. Name                    Organisation                     Contacts

49.   J. Lalfakzuala          Present Status: Research         Mailing Address:
                              Scholar (UNCTAD Doctoral         Upper Venglai,
                              Fellowship Awardee)              Bawngkawn, Aizawl,
                                                               Mizoram – 796014
                                                               Mobile: 9862726172,
50.   J. C. Srivastava        Regional Advisor,                M-6, Prasad Nagar - II,
                              Indian Merchant’s Chamber        New Delhi – 110005
                                                               Ph: 91-11-25782741,
                                                               Telefax: 91-11-25782741
                                                               Mobile: 9891174585
51.   Jacqueline Maleko       Ministry of Industry and Trade   Ministry of Industry and Trade
                                                               P.O. Box 9503
                                                               Dar es Salaam-Tanzania
                                                               Ph: +255 22 21 80075
                                                               or +225 744 303993
                                                               Fax: +225 22 21 29105
52.   Jhuma Mukherjee         Treasurer MAWE                   433/2 Napier Town,
                                                               Ph: 0761 4085072, 4035837
                                                               Fax: 0761 2404647
53.   Johan Khalidi B. Mohd   Assistant Director, Malaysian    12th Floor, Block 4, Plaza Sentral,
      Mokhtazar               Industrial Development           Jalan Stesen Sentral 5, Kuala Lumpur
                              Authority                        Sentral, 50470 Kuala Lumpur,
                                                               P.O. Box 10618, 50720
                                                               Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
                                                               Ph: 03-22673633, 03-22673585
                                                               Fax: 03-22738468
54.   Joseph John             Assistant Professor              Postal Address: 3rd Floor, Astral
                              ICFAI Institute for              Heights, Road No.1, Banjara Hills,
                              Management Teachers,             Hyderabad – 500034.
                              ICFAI Business School (IBS)      Fax: 040-23430468
                              Hyderabad                        Ph: 040-23430469
                                                               Mobile: 09866496343
3 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                    Contacts

55.    Jyoti Agarwal           Secretary MAWE                  433/2, Napier Town,
                                                               Jabalpur (MP) – 482002
                                                               Ph: 0761 4085072, 4035837
                                                               Mobile: 9827068488
                                                               Fax: 0761 2404647
56.    K K Mahapatra           Secretary-cum-Director          HIG 167, Dharma Vihar, Khandagiri,
                               Kalaniketan                     Bhubaneswar – 751030, Orissa
                                                               Fax: 0674-2351905
                                                               Ph: 0674-2350254.
                                                               Mobile: 9437230336
                                                               E-mail: kalaniketan_orissa@yahoo.
57.    K Saraswathi            Director                        11th Cross Street, Industrial Estate,
                               TANSTIA FNF Services            Guindy, Chennai – 600 032
                                                               Ph: 91-044-22501451 (D) 91-044-
                                                               Mobile: 09840025635
58.    K. Angela               Doctoral Research,              Mailing Add: Department of
       Lalhmingsangi           Department of Economics,        Economics,
                               Mizoram University, Research    Mizoram University.
                               Topic: Gender and Economic      Ph: 0389 - 2301226
                               Development: A Case Study of
                                                               Mobile: 9436351773
59.    K. P. Sunny             Deputy Director (Economic       Utpadakata Bhavan, 5-6 Insitutional
                               Services)                       Area, Lodi Road, New Delhi-110 003
                               National Productivity Council   Ph: 24607371, 24690331 Extn: 371
                                                               Fax: 24615002
60.    K. Rama Devi            President, Centre for           #8-2-677/B/1, Road No. 12, Banjara
                               Entrepreneurship                Hills, Hyderabad-500 034, A.P.
                               Development                     Tel: 91-40-23372313
                               Association of Lady             Fax: 91-40-23372277
                               Entrepreneurs of Andhra         E-mail:,
61.    K. Vinod Narayan        Hon. Secretary,                 Thalassery Road,
                               The North Malabar Chamber       Kannur – 670002, Kerala
                               of Commerce (NMCC)              Mobile: 9447040098
                                                                                   Annexes 3

S.No. Name                 Organisation                   Contacts

62.   K. N. Kishore        Staff Reporter/Sub Editor,     3rd Floor, Millenium Plaza,
                           The Hitavada                   Near Coffee House, Raipur
                                                          Ph: 0771-2224447, 2534077
                                                          Fax: 2237277,
                                                          Mobile: 9424232511
63.   Ka. Seethalakshmi    Managing Trustee               R.O.: HB 1, Maraimalai Nagar,
                           Phoenix Federation             Nagapattinam–611 001
                                                          P.O.: 8 / 1, Neela Sannadhi Street,
                                                          Nagapattinam 611 001
                                                          Fax: 04365 242837
                                                          Ph: 04365 242837
                                                          Mobile: 0 98426 57963
                                                          E-mail: phoenixfederation@gmail.
64.   Karin Ulmer          Association of World           Bd Charlemgne 28 B–1000 Brussels
                           Council of Churches related    Ph: 0032 2 234 56 60/64 (o)
                           Development Orgainsation in    Fax: 0032 2 234 56 69 (o)
                           Europe (APRODEV)
                                                          Mobile: 0032 (0) 472 58 23 33
65.   Kedar Bahadur        Minister (Economic),           Barakhamba Road,
      Adhikari             Embassy of Nepal               New Delhi-110001
                                                          Ph: 23327361, 23329218
                                                          Mobile: 9910563155
                                                          Fax: 23326857, 23329647
66.   Krishna Gopinathsa   Bank of Maharashtra, Yeola     Mobile: 9922803446
      Wade                 (Nasik)
67.   Kritika Mathur       Sr. Research Associate,        P 90 B Basement NDSE Part II,
                           Communications &               New Delhi–110049
                           Manufacturing Association of   Telefax: 26250204
                                                          Mobile: 9899313224
68.   Lakshmi Puri         Acting Deputy Secretary-       UNCTAD,
                           General                        Geneva
                                                          Ph: 00 41 22 9171781
3 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                   Contacts

69.    Lal Ram Buatsaiha       The Aizawl Post                G-7, Chanmari
                               Mizo Daily Paper               Aizawl
                                                              Ph: 0389 2341869/2345343
                                                              Fax: 0389 2345343
70.    Lalramthangi            Doctoral Research              Mailing Add: H.No. H/288,
                                                              Hunthar Veng, Aizawl,
                                                              P.o. Vaivakawn–796009
                                                              D/o. Lalzuiliana
                                                              Ph: 0389–348720,
                                                              Mobile: 9862370567,
71.    Lanyan Chen             Tianjin Normal University of   Tianjin Normal University of China
                               China                          International Student Center
                               Gender and Social              UIBE No.10 Huixin East Street,
                               Development Studies            Beijing 100029
                                                              Ph: 86 10 58668723
                                                              Mobile: 86 13521822748
                                                              Fax: 86 22 23766163
72.    Lianzela                Dean, School of Economics      Mizoram University, Tanhril,
                               Department of Economics,       Aizwal – 796009
                               Mizoram University             (Mizoram)
                                                              Ph: 0389 2330707
                                                              Mobile: 09862324657
73.    M. K. Joshi             Director, Council for Social   Sangha Rachana,
                               Development                    53 Lodhi Estate,
                                                              New Delhi – 110003, India
                                                              Fax: 24616061
                                                              Mobile: 9999961744
74.    M. M Krishna            Department of Economics,       187/2, Stanley Road,
                               University of Allahabad        Allahabad – 211002
                                                              Mobile: 09451852957
75.    M. R. Saluja            Fellow, India Development      316, Qutab Plaza, DLF Phase-1,
                               Foundation                     Gurgaon – 122002, Haryana
                                                              Tel: 95124-4381691-4
                                                              Fax: 95124-4381695
                                                              Mobile: 9891567812
                                                                                   Annexes 3

S.No. Name             Organisation                      Contacts

76.   Mamta Singh      (Research Scholar)                C/O Prof P. N Mehrotra,
                       Department of Economics           Department of Economics
                       University of Allahabad           Mobile: 09839448329
                                                         E-mail: mamta_singh7070@rediffmail.
77.   Mandakini Jema   Secretary, Institute of Socio-    “Kapoti” Plot No.1102,
                       Economic Research and             Mahanadi Vihar,
                       Training                          Cuttack- 753 004,
                                                         Mobile: 09861154553
78.   Mansi Mishra     Centre for Social Research        2, Nelson Mandela Marg,
                                                         New Delhi–110070
                                                         Ph: 2689 9998, 2612 5583
                                                         Fax: 2613 7823
79.   Marzia Fontana   Institute of Development          University of Sussex
                       University of Sussex              Ph: 44 1273 877 608
                                                         Fax: 44 1273 621 202
                                                         Mobile: 44 7790 733 716
80.   Mehnaz Ajmal     Research Associate                Sustainable Development Policy
                       Sustainable Development           Institute (SDPI)
                       Policy Institute(SDPI)            P.O. Box 2342,
                       Pakistan                          Islamabad #3 UN Boulevard
                                                         Diplomatic Enclave-1,
                                                         G-5, Islamabad,
                                                         Tel: +92-51-2278134, 2275642,
                                                         Fax: 92 51 22 78 135
                                                         Mobile: 92 300 911 5706
81.   Meira Kumar      Minister for Social Justice and   Minister for Social Justice and
                       Empowerment, Government           Empowerment,
                       of India                          Government of India,
                                                         Shastri Bhawan,
                                                         New Delhi
                                                         Fax: 91-11-23381902
40 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                     Contacts

82.    Mohammad Razzaque       Economic Adviser                 Commonwealth Secretariat
                               Economic Affairs Division        Marlborough House
                               International Trade & Regional   Pall Mall
                               Co-operation Section             London SW1Y 5HX.
                                                                United Kingdom
                                                                Tel: +44 (0) 20 7747 6273
                                                                Fax: Dir +44 (0) 20 7004 3590 Gen
                                                                         +44 (0) 20 7747 6235
                                                                Mobile: 0 750669 4329
                                                                E-mail: m.razzaque@commonwealth.
83.    Mugumbya                Minister for Women Affairs       P.O. Box 4793, Kamapala (Uganda)
       Nakawombe Apollonia     Community Dev. And               Ph: +256-752-303032 (Mobile) or
                               Bulungibwansi                    +256-414-578139 (Office)
                               Social Worker, Majored in        E-mail:
84.    Nabasis Das             Chief Executive                  02/A, 1st Floor,
                               Orissa Rural & Urban             Krishna Tower
                               Producers’ Association           Nayapalli,
                               (ORUPA)                          Bhubaneswar – 751 012, Orissa
                                                                Tel: 0674-2563473, 2563706,
                                                                Mobile: 09437179851(R), 9338498123
                                                                Fax: 06742563473, 06742563331
                                                      , orupa2001@
85.    Nafisa Ali              Film star and Actress            D-237, Defence Colony,
                                                                New Delhi
                                                                Mobile: 9811997119 (Sanjay Grover)
86.    Nattawat                Research Affairs Officials,      3rd floor, Vidyabhathna Bldg.
       Krittayanawat           Centre for European Studies      Chulalongkorn University, Phyathai
                               Chulalongkorn University         Road, Bangkok-10330
                                                                Tel: 66-2-21839223
                                                                Fax: 66-2-2153580
                                                                Mobile: 66897698360
                                                                                    Annexes 41

S.No. Name                  Organisation                   Contacts

87.   Neethi P              Ph. D Fellow, Working on       Centre for Development Studies
                            Globalisation and Organised    Prasanth Nagar, Road, Ullor,
                            Informal Labour Markets: A     Thiruvananthapuram–695 011
                            Study of Kerala’s Industrial
                                                           Ph: 0471 2448881-4
                            Women Workers
                                                           Fax: 0471 2447137
88.   Nisha                 Post Doctoral Fellow ,         Department of Economics
                            Department of Economics        University of Allahabad
                                                           Economic Theory,
                                                           8, Nabab Yousuf Road,
                                                           Allahabad - 211002
89.   Nivedita Borthakur    Executive officer,             5, Rajgarh Link Road, Anil Nagar,
                            Indian Chamber of Commerce     Guwahati-7
                                                           Telfax: 0361-2461763
                                                           Mobile: 09864102746
90.   Nivedita Scudder      Chairperson, Unnayan           HIG-143, Kanan Vihar (Phase-I)
                                                           P.O: Patia
                                                           Bhubaneswar – 751 031 Orissa
                                                           Tel: 0674-2741112, 2741198;
                                                           Mobile: 94370 24198
                                                           Fax: 0674-2743033
91.   Nutan Bhargava                                       7/15, Savapriya Vihar,
                                                           New Delhi-110016
                                                           Tel: 26965340
                                                           Mobile: 9810077955
92.   Osman Goni Talukder   Ministry of women and          Deputy chief
                            children affair                Ministry of Women and Children Affair
                                                           Room #221, Building#06, Bangladesh
                                                           Secretariat, Dhaka – 1000
                                                           Ph: 880 2 7167068 (O)
                                                               880 2 8914558 (R)
                                                           Fax: 880 2 7162892
                                                           Mobile: 880 1712 714947
42 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                  Contacts

93.    P. Nayak                Director                      Market Research Wing
                               Textiles Committee (TC)       P. Balu Road, Prabhadevi Chowk,
                                                             Prabhadevi, Mumbai – 400 025
                                                             Tel: 00 91 022–66527515/16
                                                             Mobile: 0-98202-21957
94.    P. Shinoj               Scientist, NCAP               NCAP, P. B. No. 11305
                                                             Library Avenue,
                                                             Pusa, New Delhi – 110012
95.    P.N Mehrotra            Head                          Economic Theory ,
                               Department of Economics       8, Nabab Yousuf Road,
                               University of Allahabad       Allahabad – 211002
96.    P. N. Anand             Ex DCM                        Ph: 26866079
97.    Palitha Ganegoda        Minister, Sri Lanka High      27, Kautilya Marg, Chanakyapuri,
                               Commission                    New Delhi – 110021
                                                             Tel: 23014967
                                                             Res: 23793712
                                                             Fax: 23793604
98.    Pallavi Saha            Assistant Manager (Resource   NCTI Complex, Pragati Maidan,
                               Centre), NCTI                 New Delhi – 110001
                                                             Tel: 23371948/50/53
                                                             Fax: 23371979
99.    Pallavi Saha            DGM (Marketing)               NCTI Complex
                               National Centre for Trade     Pragati Maidan
                               Information                   New Delhi–110 001.
                                                             Fax: 011-23371979
100.   Pamela Singh            Retired Sr. Manager Madhya    D-237, 1st Floor,
                               Pradesh Tourism               Defence Colony,
                                                             Ph: 41555667
101.   Pankaj Arya             Ship Sadhana                  14, Ram Block, Sector–11,
                                                             Ph: 0522 2419005
                                                             Mobile: 9451952697, 9415102699
                                                                                    Annexes 43

S.No. Name                Organisation                    Contacts

102.   Parvez Nayyari     Senior Foreign Correspondent, C-2/29, SDA,
                          IRNA                          Hauz Khas,
                                                        Ph: 9211225715
103.   Payal              Public Relations Head & Senior 49, Community Centre,
                          Secretary,                     New Friends Colony,
                          ICCI                           New Delhi – 110025
                                                         Tel: 9810674347
104.   Pradyumna K.       President, Orissa Techno-       Plot No. 1195, Nayapalli,
       Samantray          Managerial Yarn & Fabrics       In front of CBI Colony (DAV-CRP Road),
                          Marketing Co-Opsociety Ltd.     Bhubaneswar – 751012
                                                          Mobile: 9861250106
105.   Pradyut Guha       Present Status: Research        Add: Premier Cryorgeric Ltd,
                          Scholar (UNCTAD Doctoral        Lokhra Road, Saukuchi,
                          Fellowship Awardee)             Guwahati – 781034 (Assam),
                                                          Ph: 0361-2477317,
                                                          Mobile: 09864040300,Mailing
106.   Prahlad Kumar      Dy. Coordinator SAP-III         Department of Economics,
                          Department of Economics,        University of Allahabad
                          University of Allahabad         Allahabad – 211002
                                                          Ph: 0532 2460505 extn 219
                                                          Mobile: 9935256318
                                                          E-mail: Prahladkumar20_2@rediffmail.
107.   Pramod Pushkarna   Group Photo Editor, Aaj         276, Capt. Gaur Marg, Srinivaspuri,
                          Samaaj                          New Delhi – 110065
                                                          Ph: 011-41802300/2305
                                                          Mobile: 9810045182
108.   Prarthana          Doctoral Research Fellow        Mobile: +91-9836395704
       Bhattacharya       Department of Economics,
                          Jadavpur University
109.   Pravir Kumar       Joint Secretary,                Room No. 122-B, Udyog Bhavan,
                          Government of India, Ministry   New Delhi – 110011
                          of Micro, Small and Medium      Ph: 23063283,
                          Enterprises                     Telefax: 23062336
44 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                    Contacts

110.   Pugazhenthy             CEO Coordinator, SFA            Sharaz Farm Academy,
                                                               1-85-D, Chamundy Nagar,
                                                               Kelamangalam Road, Opp. Spic
                                                               Bio Tech, Hosur, 27 Krishnagiri District,
                                                               Tamil Nadu
                                                               Tel: 04343-230425
                                                               Mobile: 09443240425
111.   R. Carlos Mangunsong    Dept. of Economics, Centre      Tanah Abang III no 23-27,
                               for Strategic & International   Jakarta – 10160, Indonesia
                               Studies                         Tel: 62-21-386553235
                                                               Fax: 62-21-3847517, 3809641
112.   R. Panir Selvam         Managing Director,              1, A.R.s. Nagar, Pookkollai South,
                               Silver Green Agro Products      Medical College Road
                               Export (India) Pvt. Ltd.        Thanjavur – 613 004
                                                               Tel: 04362-247274
                                                                Fax: 04362-247335
                                                               Mobile: 9443140199
113.   R. Sharmila             Project Coordinator             MPEDA,
                               MPEDA                           MPEDA House, Panampily Avenue,
                                                               P.B. No.4272 Cochin–682 036
                                                               Tel: 00 91 0484-2321722, 2312812,
                                                               Fax: 0484 2312812, 2313361
                                                               Mobile: 09447574587
114.   R. Srinivasulu          Consultant                      UNCTAD India Project
                                                               Room 421, The Taj Ambassador Hotel,
                                                               2, Sujan Singh Park,
                                                               New Delhi – 110003
                                                               Ph: 24635036/54/55
                                                               Fax: 24635000
115.   R.P. Swami              Secretary-General,              49, Community Centre, New Friends
                               ICCI                            Colony, New Delhi – 110025
                                                               Ph: 9810096309
                                                                                         Annexes 4

S.No. Name                    Organisation                     Contacts

116.   Rabindra Kumar Sahoo   Secretary,                       Palamandap, P.O. Badambadi,
                              Orissa Project & Marketing       Cuttack – 12, Orissa
                              Development Centre,              Tel: 0671-2323314
                                                               Mobile 9437274487
117.   Rachel Pearlin         Citizen Citizen & Civic Action   9/5, II Street, Padmanabha Nagar,
                              group (CAG)                      Adyar Chennai – 600020
                              India                            Ph: 044 24660387, 24914358
118.   Rajat Acharya          Professor of Economics           Department of Economics
                              Department of Economics,         Jadavpur University
                              Jadavpur university              Kolkata – 700 032
                                                               Ph: 033 24146328
119.   Rajni Aggarwal         President                        1-A, Lower Ground Floor,
                              Federation of Indian Women       Hauzkhas Village,
                              Entrepreneurs                    New Delhi – 110016
                                                               Ph: 26850395/46089142
                                                               Fax: 26868531
                                                               Mobile: 9810026570
120.   Rajnikant Diwedi       General Secretary,               S-15/ 116, 2 AC, Mawaiya,
                              Human Welfare Association        Sarnath, Varanasi – 221 007,
                              UP                               Tel: 0542-5544759/2581304
                                                               Mobile: 09415304759
121.   Rajul Mathur           Department of Economics          Ashok Nagar,
                              University of Allahabad          Allahabad – 211002
                                                               0532- 2423047,2423477
122.   Ram Upendra Das        Fellow, RIS                      Fourth Floor, Core 4-B, India Habitat
                                                               Centre, Lodhi Road,
                                                               New Delhi – 110003, India
                                                               Ph: 24682177/78/79/80
4 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                  Contacts

123.   Rashmi Banga            Sr. Economist                 UNCTAD India Project
                                                             Room 421, The Taj Ambassador Hotel,
                                                             2, Sujan Singh Park,
                                                             New Delhi – 110003
                                                             Ph: 24635036/54/55
                                                             Fax: 91-11- 24635000
                                                             E-mail: rashmibanga@unctadindia.
124.   Revathi Venkatraman     Secretary, Association of     B-76, Industrial Estate, Rajajinagar,
                               Women Entreprenuers of        Bangalore – 560 010
                               Karnataka                     Ph: +91-80-23389964, 23111059,
                                                             Fax: +91-80-26760889
                                                             Mobile: 9845205669
125.   Rezani Aziz             Immediate Chairperson,        Rowland PR
                               Women’s Chamber of Industry   106, Reid Avenue, Colombo 4,
                               &Commerce                     Sri Lanka
                                                             Ph: (O)94 11 2500176,
                                                                     94 11 2588120 ext 133,
                                                                 (R): 94 11 2806440
                                                             Mobile: 94 77 3215441
                                                             Fax: 94 11 2500175
126.   Rishi Vivek Dhar        (Research Scholar)            C/O Sri K.P Agrawal
                               Department of Economics       522C/1-A Patel Nagar
                               University of Allahabad       Meerapur, Allahabad
                                                             Mobile: 09336572207
127.   Ritu Mathur             Programme Officer, Human      55, Lodhi Estate, P.O. Box 3059,
                               Development Resource          New Delhi – 110003
                               Centre, UNDP                  Ph: 46532429, 24628877
                                                             Fax: 24627612, 24628330
128.   S. Prabhakar            Joint Director (Reporting),   132, Parliament House,
                               Lok Sabha                     New Delhi
                                                             Ph: (O) 23034952, 23034686,
                                                                  (R) 2464 3444
                                                             Mobile: 9868301483
                                                                                       Annexes 4

S.No. Name                Organisation                      Contacts

129.   S.K Lal            Department of Economics           C/O Prof S.N Lal ,
                          University of Allahabad           5-G Alopibagh Road,
                                                            Allahabad – 211002
                                                            Mobile: 09839160117
130.   S.K. Kulkarni      Executive Editor                  568, Narayan Peth
                          Kesari Daily                      Pune – 30
                                                            Ph: 094- 25468088
                                                            Mobile: 09423002154
131.   Saileswar Panda    Assistant Secretary,              23, R N Mukherjee Road
                          Asst. Secretary                   Kolkata - 700 001
                          Federation of Small & Medium      West Bengal
                          Industries, W.B. (FOSMI)          Tel: 033-2248-5114, 22318382,
                                                                 22318446, 26790245 (R),
                                                            Mobile: 09433218387
                                                            Fax: 033-22104075
132.   Sailo Lalrinpuii   Department of Economics,          Department of Economics, Mizoram
                          Mizoram University.               Mailing Add: C-65/A, Tuikual
                                                            Mizoram–796001, OR,
133.   Saleena Mathew     Professor{Fish Processing} &      Cochin University of Science &
                          Director                          Technology, Cochin – 16
                          School of Industrial Fisheries,   Ph: 0484-2354711
                                                            Fax: 0484-2365952
                                                            E-mail: ,
134.   Saloni Jha         Research Associate WTO &          Federation House, Tansen Marg,
                          FTA, Foreign Trade Division,      New Delhi-110001
                          FICCI                             Tel: 23765322(D), 23738760-70
                                                                 ext: 467
                                                            Fax: 23721504, 23320714
135.   Sanjay Kumar       Government of India               Mobile: 9861250106
4 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                     Contacts

136.   Sanjeev Vasudev         Stadd Development                A-6 DDA, Shahpur Jat
                               Consulting Pvt. Ltd.             New Delhi–110049 India
                                                                Mobile: 91-98101-12773
                                                                Tel: 91-11-26496962
                                                                Telefax: 91-11-26496962
137.   Santanu Kumar Patra     Managing Director,               Block Bazar, Jaleswar
                               Subarnrekha Marketing Pvt.       Balasore – 756032, Orissa
                               Ltd.                             Tel: (06781) 222431/222134
                                                                Fax: (06781) 222470
                                                                Mobile: 9238500685, 9438047310
138.   Sarabjit Singh Chhina   Director,                        72, Sector 4, Ranjit Avenue
                               Indian Institute of Industrial   Amritsar, Punjab
                               Economics                        Tel: 0183-2257622
                                & Development Society,          Mobile: 098551-70335
139.   Sarbajita Banerjee      Secretary                        GBST Organisation for Social
                                                                Empowerment and Development
                                                                44-B, Gokul Baral Street,
                                                                Kolkata - 700 012
                                                                Tel: 033-22259568
                                                                Mobile: 09831503355, 09433834309
140.   Saritha S               Ph D Fellow, Access and          E-mail:
                               returns to higher education: A
                               gender Perspective
141.   SAS Yadav               AIWC                             26, Industrial Area,
142.   Saswatee Mukherjee      Doctoral Research Fellow,        +91-9830267862
                               Department of Economics,         E-mail: saswatee.mukherjee@gmail.
                               Jadavpur University              com
143.   Savitri Singh           Advisor—Gender Programme,        9, Aradhna Enclave, Sector-13
                               International Co-operative       R K Puram, Ring Road,
                               Alliance, Regional Office for    New Delhi – 110066
                               Asia & the Pacific               Tel: (91) 11-26888250 Ext. 109,
                                                                Fax: 26888067
                                                                               Annexes 4

S.No. Name               Organisation                 Contacts

144.   Selim Raihan      Assistant Professor of       University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
                         Economics                    252/3 North Goran, Sipahibag
                         South Asian Network on       Dhaka – 1219, Bangladesh
                         Economic Modeling            Tel: 0088-02-8821776
                                                      Fax: 0088 02 8615583
                                                      Mobile: 0088 01713066420
145.   Shahid Ahmed      Economist                    UNCTAD India Project
                                                      Room 421, The Taj Ambassador Hotel,
                                                      2, Sujan Singh Park,
                                                      New Delhi–110003
                                                      Ph: 24635036/54/55
                                                      Fax: 24635000
                                                      E-mail: shahidahmed@unctadindia.
146.   Shalini Tiwari    (Research Scholar)           C/O Prof P.N Mehrotra, Department of
                         Department of Economics      Economics
                         University of Allahabad      Mobile: 09450597341
                                                      E-mail: Shalini_kamini@rediffmail.
147.   Sharif Qamar      M.A (P)                      Jamia Millia Islamia
                         Jamia Millia Islamia         New Delhi
                         New Delhi.                   Ph. no- +91-9891664284
148.   Shilpi Bhardwaj   Research Associate, FICCI,   FICCI, Federation House, Tansen Marg,
                         WTO & FTA, Foreign Trade     New Delhi – 110001
                         Division                     Ph: 23765322 (D), 23738760-70 Ext: 511
                                                      Fax: 23721504, 23320714
149.   Shirin M. Rai     Director, Leverhulme Trust   Department of Politics and
                         Programme                    International Studies
                         Gendered Ceremony and        University of Warwick, Coventry CV4
                         Ritual in Parliament         & AL, UK
                                                      Ph: 00-44-(0)2476-523429 (direct),
                                                          00-44-(0)2476-523486 (Secretary,
                                                          GAD Programme)
                                                      Fax: 44 24 76524221
150.   Shivani Rastogi   National Institute of        Mobile: 9811320917
                         New Delhi
0 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                       Contacts

151.   Shobhana Prakash        Vice President                     No.2, M.S. Ramaiah Indl Estate
                               ELCINA Electronic Industries       Gokula Extension P.O.
                               Association of India               Bangalore – 560 054
                                                                  Ph: 080-23608788, 23603897
152.   Shreemoyee Patra        Lucid Solutions                    BG-1/167, Paschim Vihar,
                                                                  New Delhi – 110063, India
                                                                  Ph: 45521821; 9818697944 (M)
153.   Simontini Das           UGC Senior Research                Department of Economics
                               Fellow,                            Jadavpur University Kolkata–700 032
                               Department of Economics,           Ph: 033 24146328
                               Jadavpur University                Mobile: 9830676473
154.   Sisir Sahoo             President, Kalinga Shilpi          N-3/09 IRC Village
                               Mahasangha; Managing               Bhubaneshwar – 751015, Orissa
                               Trustee, Kalinga Shilpi Vikash     Tel: 0674-6524299, 6523274
                                                                  Mobile: 099377 82343
                                                                  Fax: 0674-2556277
155.   Sobia Ahmad             Asian Institute of Trade and       Ph: 0092 51 2106091
                               Development                        Fax: C/o Usman Kaker
                                                                      0092 21 565 0823
                                                                  Mobile: 0092 321 515 7352 (preferred)
156.   Sohail Safdar           D. G. Foreign Trade Institute of   Foreign Trade Institute of Pakistan,
                               Pakistan                           State Life Building No. 7, Blue Area
                                                                  Ph: +92-51-9203279
                                                                  Fax: +92-51-9202146
                                                                  Mobile: +923335600248
157.   Soma Mondal             Lecturer,                          Department of Economics
                               Department of Economics,           Jadavpur University Kolkata – 700 032
                               Jadavpur University                Ph: 033 24146328
                                                                  91-33-2414 6328 (O)
                                                                                     Annexes 1

S.No. Name                     Organisation                 Contacts

158.   Sonja Blasig            Programme Officer            CUTS International
                               CUTS, Jaipur, India          D-218 Bhaskar Marg, Bani Park
                                                            Jaipur – 302 016, India
                                                            Tel: +91.141.2282821
                                                            Fax: +91.141.2282485
                                                            Mobile: 9982190865
159.   Soumya Sahin            Doctoral Research Fellow,    Department of Economics
                               Department of Economics,     Jadavpur University, Kolkata–700 032
                               Jadavpur University          Ph: 033 24146328
                                                            Mobile: 91-9830676945
160.   Sourav Chakraborty      Executive Director,          209, Garfa Main Road, 2nd Floor
                               Aunwesha Knowledge           Kolkata–700 078 West Bengal
                               Technologies Pvt. Ltd.,      Telfax: 91-33-24186250 Ph; 24186214
161.   Srikanta K. Panigrahi   Director General, Indian     D-77, Vikas Lane, Shakarpur,
                               Institute of Sustainable     Delhi – 110092
                               Development                  Tel: 24512876
                                                            Fax: 22723376
162.   Stuti Malhotra          Lawyer                       E-mail:
163.   Subhojit Mukherjee      Deputy Secretary,            B-4/161, Safdarjung Enclave,
                               FISME                        New Delhi – 110029
                                                            Ph: 26187948, 26712064, 46023157,
                                                            Fax: 26109470
164.   Subrahmanian T K        Ph D Fellow, International   Centre for Development Studies
                               Competitiveness of India’s   Prasanth Nagar, Road, Ullor,
                               Manufacturing Sector         Thiruvananthapuram – 695 011
                                                            Ph: 0471 2448881-4
                                                            Fax: 0471 2447137
                                                            Mobile: 9447582675
165.   Sunandan Ghosh          Junior Research Fellow,      Department of Economics
                               Department of Economics,     Jadavpur University
                               Jadavpur University          Kolkata – 700 032
                                                            Ph: 033 24146328
                                                            Mobile: +91-9836345493
2 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                      Contacts

166.   Supachai Panitchpakdi   Secretary-General of UNCTAD       E-9042 Palais des Nations
                                                                 8-14, Av. de la Paix
                                                                 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
                                                                 T: +41 22 917 5634; +41 22 917 5806
                                                                 F: +41 22 917 0042
167.   Suresh Kotak            Chairman                          Navasari Building,
                               Kotak &Co Ltd (IMC)               First floor 240,
                                                                 Dr D. N Road,
                                                                 Fort, Mumbai – 400001
                                                                 Ph: 00 91 2222073331
                                                                 Fax: 00 91 22 22072267
168.   Swapna                  Visiting Fellow National          801/24, Heritage City;
       Mukhopadhyay            Institute of Public Finance and   M. G.Road; DLF Phase II
                               Policy                            Gurgaon,
                                                                 Haryana – 122002
                                                                 Mobile: 91951244362847
                                                                 E-mail: smukhopadhyay321@gmail.
169.   Swati Sachdev           Research Scholar                  Room No. 126,
                                                                 Tapti Hostel Center for the Study of
                                                                 Regional Development School of
                                                                 Social Sciences,
                                                                 Jawaharlal Nehru University
                                                                 New Delhi, India
                                                                 Mobile: (0) 9818111746
170.   Swati Sharma            Jr. Sub Editor, Feature Desk      60/1, Babu Labhchand Chhajlani
                               Naidunia News & Network Pvt.      Marg, Indore – 452009, M.P.
                               Ltd., Indore, M.P.                Ph: 9826078107
                                                                 Ph: +917313011100
                                                                 Fax: +917312763118
171.   Syed Mohd. Imran        Senior development Manager,       39- Neel Vihar, Near 14-Sector Power
                               Network of Entrepreneurship       House, Indira Nagar,
                               & Economic Development            Lucknow – 226 016, Uttar Pradesh
                               (NEED)                            Ph: 0522 2750393
                                                                 Fax: 0091-522-2712311
                                                                 Mobile: 09452965486
                                                                                         Annexes 3

S.No. Name                   Organisation                    Contacts

172.   T. K. Hore            CEO                             Sundaram Apartment
                             Exodus Marine Products &        46F, Rafi Ahmed Kidwad Road
                             Export Exodus Aquatics.         6th Floor, 6C,
173.   T. S. Dhanapalan      Chairman -TFSC                  11th Cross Street ,Industrial Estate,
                             TANSTIA–FNF Service Centre      Guindy, Chennai – 600 032
                                                             Ph: 91-044-22501451 / 43534040
                                                             Mobile: 09940102445
                                                             E-mail: ,
174.   T.S. Vidyasagar       Principal Consultant, Thimma    202, Sroremga Apts. 110 East Park
                             Performance Consultants         Road, Malleswaram 8th Cross,
                             Group                           Bangalore – 560 003
                                                             Tel: 080-23445359
                                                             Mobile: 09448455359
175.   Tharadoc Thongruang   Commercial Affairs Officer,     Mobile: 9891200709
                             Thai Embassy
176.   Theresa Boasiako-     Assistant Editor/Freelance      Information, Publication & Research
       Korang                Researcher (Gender, Politics    Division Office of Parliament State
                             & Media), Information,          House Accra, Ghana
                             Publication & Research          Tel: 233-21688015
                             Division Office of Parliament   Mobile: 233-244716395
                             State House Accra, Ghana
                                                             E-mail: tboasiakokorang@parliament.
177.   Uday Shanker Mishra   Expert on Gender Studies        Prasanth Nagar Road, Ulloor,
                             Centre For Development          Thiruvanthapuram-695011,
                             Studies                         Kerala, India
                                                             Ph: 91-471-2448881-4 (Extn: 222)
                                                             Res: 91-471-2556026
                                                             Fax: 91-471-2447137
4 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                    Contacts

178.   Udit Misra              Mint, HT Media Ltd.             16th floor, HT house, 18-20,
                                                               Kasturba Gandhi Marg,
                                                               New Delhi – 110001
                                                               Ph: 66561234
                                                               Mobile: 9818791990
                                                               Fax: 66561686
179.   Uma Swaminathan         Director, SEWA Gram Mahila      “Gram Haat House”, 8, Navrang
                               Haat                            Colony, Besides Kashmira Chambers,
                                                               Nr Navrangpura Railway Crossing
                                                               Ahmedabad – 380 009
                                                               Tel: 91 79 2658 9729, 26574880
                                                               Fax: 91 79 26574678
180.   Usha Ahuja              Senior Scientist, NCAP          NCAP, P. B. No. 11305
                                                               Library Avenue, Pusa
                                                               New Delhi – 110012
181.   Ushree Sen Gupta        UNCTAD-India Doctoral           Department of Economics
                               International Trade Fellow,     Jadavpur University
                               Department of Economics,        Kolkata – 700 032
                               Jadavpur University             Ph: 033 24146328
                                                               Mobile: 91-9231568075
182.   V Jegatheesan           Researcher Scholar              53 Lodi Estate,
                               Council for Social              New Delhi – 110003
                               Development, India              Ph: 91-11-24611700, 24615383,
                                                                   Extn: 251
                                                               Fax: 91-11-24616061
183.   V.P. S. Arora           Dean, College of Agribusiness   G.B. Pant University of Agriculture &
                               Management                      Technology
                                                               Pantnagar – 263 145
                                                               Distt. U.S. Nagar, Uttranchal
                                                               Tel: 05944-233884,
                                                               Fax: 05944-233533
                                                               Mobile: 0941208852

S.No. Name                 Organisation                 Contacts

184.   Vaijayanti Pandit   Director, Western Regional   Krishnamai, Plot No. 33-B,
                           Council                      Sir Pochkhanwala Road, Worli,
                            Federation of Indian        Mumbai – 400 030
                           Chambers of Commerce &       Ph: 022-24968000
                           Industry (FICCI)
                                                        Fax: 022-24966631, 32
185.   Vanali Sharma       General Manager              3rd Floor, Yojana Bhawan,
                           Rural Non Farm Development   Tilak Marg, Jaipur
                           Agency (RUDA)                Ph: 91-141-2226861, 2225619
                                                        Fax: 91-141-5104844
                                                        Mobile: 09413361027
186.   Vasavi Kumar        UNIFEM                       D-53, Defence Colony
                                                        New Delhi
                                                        Ph: 24698297/24604351
                                                        Mobile: 9313704694
187.   Vibhuti Shanker     Executive Assistant          UNCTAD India Project
                                                        Room 421, The Taj Ambassador Hotel,
                                                        2, Sujan Singh Park,
                                                        New Delhi – 110003
                                                        Ph: 24635036/54/55
                                                        Fax: 24635000
                                                        E-mail: vibhutishanker@unctadindia.
188.   Vikas Medha         Asst. Manager, Client        R-300, Greater Kailash Part-I,
                           Servicing, Graphisads        New Delhi – 48
                                                        Tel: 26228059
                                                        Fax: 26228066
                                                        Mobile: 9810330407
189.   Vinod Apte          Consultant, IMC-UNCTAD       Indian Merchants’ Chamber, IMC Bldg.
                           Project                      2nd Floor, IMC Marg, Churchgate,
                                                        Mumbai – 400 020
                                                        Tel: 91-22-2204 6633 Extn: 603, 91-22-
                                                        2288 6362 (direct)
                                                        Resi: 91-22-2833 1365
                                                        Fax: 91-22-2204 8508/2283 8281
                                                        Mobile: 9820093966
 Moving towards Gender Sensitisation of Trade Policy

S.No. Name                     Organisation                     Contacts

190.   Vinoj Abraham           Joint Coordinator UNCTAD         Centre for Development Studies
                               India Program at CDS &           Prasanth Nagar, Road, Ullor,
                               Research Associate               Thiruvananthapuram – 695 011
                                                                Ph: 0471 2448881-4
                                                                Fax: 0471 2447137
                                                                Mobile: 9846512890
191.   Vipul Srivastava        Deputy Secretary, Indian         M-6, MIG Flats, Prasad Nagar II,
                               Merchants’ Chamber,              Near Rajendra Place,
                               New Delhi                        New Delhi – 110005
                                                                Ph: 25782741
                                                                Telefax: 25782741
192.   Vivek Krishna Wade      Manufacturers of Paithani &      H.No. 2864, Madhali Galli,
                               Brocade Sarees                   At Post. Tal. Yeola,
                                                                Dist. Nasik.
                                                                Ph (Res): 02559-266201
                                                                Mobile: 9860382910
193.   Yassine Fall            Advser MDGs                      Ph: 212 906 6194
                                                                Fax: 212 906 6705
                                                                Mobile: 201 540 5826
                                                                E-mail: Yassine.fall@undp
194.   YumikoYamamoto          UNDP                             23, Independence Avenue,
                               Asia & Pacific Regional Center   Colombo 07,
                               Colombo                          Sri Lanka
                               Gender & Trade Programme         Ph: 94 11 452 6400 ext. 182
                               Advisor                          Fax: 94 11 452 6410
                                                                Mobile: 94 77 343 5158

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