Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

Health Keeping Fit and Dieting

VIEWS: 17 PAGES: 3

Health Keeping Fit and Dieting

More Info
  • pg 1
									                              Maturitní otázka číslo 3.
                                      Health
Introduction
We need the doctor, when we are ill, or when we are hurt, or when something happens with our body - we can
have a crash, broken leg, arm ... Especially in the winters months we need the doctor, because a lot of us suffer
from cold, flu, fever...
Illnesses
Children                                    Serious                                   meningokok
scarlet fever – spála                       cancer – rakovina
                                                                                      Infectious
polio – dětská obrna                        encephalitis – zánět mozkových
                                                                                      tonsillitis – angína
measles – spalničky                         blan
                                                                                      flu – chřipka
german measles – zarděnky                   diphteria – záškrt
                                                                                      bronchitis – zánět průdušek
mumps – příušnice                           hepatitis – žloutenka
                                                                                      pneuminia – zápal plic
pox - neštovice                             plague – mor
                                                                                      cold – nachlazení
                                            cholera, AIDS
                                                                                      sore-throat – bolení v krku
First aid
try the pulse, try the breathing, put the head up, stick the tongue (the person can suffocate = zadusit se), stop
bleeding by pressing special points, artificial respiration, make a plaster – two brunches and a line or scarf
when someone fainted – cold water, send him out, fresh air, sit down
Types of doctor                                                 Medicines
general practitioner   všeobecný lékař                          pills                  pilulky
paediatrician          pediatr                                  tablets                prášky
dentist                zubař                                    injection              injekce
dermatologist          kožní lékař                              ointment               mast
orthopaedist           ortoped                                  solution               roztok
gynaecologist          gynekolog                                drops                  kapky
optician               optik                                    gargle                 kloktadlo
neurologist            neurolog
ENT specialist         ušní, nosní, krční
surgeon                chirurg
psychologist           psycholog
vet                    zvěrolékař
Prevention
Live healthy lifestyle, eat healthy food – vegetables, fruit, have a lot of vitamins, do some sport, breath fresh air,
keep hygienic laws, wear warm clothes, avoid stress, keep fit, no smoking, alcohol, drugs
Going to the doctor
 at first we go to see the GP (general practitioner), who can send us to the specialist, but before that, he does
some examinations
 the doctor has to know, which problem you suffer from - the doctor asks you some questions:
- What seems to be the trouble?
- How have you been feeling recently?
- When did you first notice this?
 after the questions the doctor gives you some orders:
- Let’s take to look at you.
- Put out your tongue.
- Does it hurt?
- Strip to the waist, please.
- Open your… please.
- Take off your… please.
- Take a deep breath.
- Stop breathing.
 the doctor can take you some suggestions
- Try to cut down on cigarettes/alcohol.
- You ought to do more exercise, eat less fat, stop working so hard, relax at home, eat a balanced diet, …
Your doctor can …
- examine you
- take your pulse
- take your temperature, with a thermometer
- listen to your heartbeat, with a stethoscope
- test your reflexes, with a hammer
- give you a check-up
- take your blood pressure
- give you some pills to take
- give you some ointment to rub in to your back, to put on your back
- give you a prescription
- give you an injection (using a syringe)
- refer you to a specialist
- send you to have an X-ray
- ask you to make another appointment
What you have to do, when you are ill?
Symptoms – You feel rotten, shivery, with an aching head, limbs, you are sweeting, you have lost your appetite,
feel sick.
 stay indoors, keep warm, and keep away from other people as much as possible
 have plenty of cool drinks – water, fruit drinks, milky drinks (about 2-3 liters a day)
 if you feel shivery over 38C or aches or pains, try taking aspirin every 4 hours during the day
 rest in the bed if you can
 try to have 3 light meals a day. But don’t force yourself to eat if you’ve lost your appetite
Private doctor or state doctor?
 It depends on our preferences. We can chose the best one and it could be private, but state doctor, too.
 everybody must be insured in our state and basic medical care should be unpaid
 but at the specialist or by the private doctors we have to pay for some special treatment


Problems in general, in our country
Hospitals – not very good, no place, badly equipped, expensive, bad food
Paying – medicaments are expensive, insurance companies do not want to pay them, sometimes doctors want to
have profit from selling medicaments
Insurance – everybody must be insured, expensive, some companies do not do what they should – they promise
sth. and then said that it is for some another people…
people can not be ill, they could lose their job or they won’t get money
incurable diseases – AIDS, cancer – people try to find the medicine of to slow down the illness
North Bohemia, Ostrava – smog, bad air, vocational diseases (z povolání)
temperature        teplota             solution              roztok
swallow            polykat             rebandage             převaz
hoarse             ochraptělý          ambulance car         sanitka
cold               rýma                stretcher             nosítka
feel dizzy         mít závrať          crutches              berle
faint              mdloba              respiration           dýchání
unconsciousness    bezvědomí           to X-ray              rentgenovat
be exhausted       být vyčerpaný       to bleed              krvácet
rash               vyrážka             bump                  boule
blister            puchýř              fatal                 smrtelný
bruise             modřina             lethal                smrtelný
black eye          monokl              bandage               obvaz
sprain ankle       vymknutý kotník     disinfectant          desinfekce
stretch muscle     natažený sval       cotton wool           vata
hurt               zranit              pure spirit           čistý líh
bleed              krvácet             acid                  kyselina
feel sick          cítit se špatně     tick                  klíště
be sick            stonat              to transfer           přenášet
plaster            náplast, sádra      virus                 vir
filling            plomba              antibiotics           antibiotika
put in a filling   zaplombovat         nurse                 zdravotní sestra
sting              dát žihadlo         surgery               vytřovna
injure             zranění             hospital ward         pokoj v nemocnici
ailment            onemocnění          operating theatre     operační sál
prevention         prevence
symptom            příznak             ilnesses:
diagnosis          diagnóza            cold                  rýma
cure               vyléčit             influenza, flu        chřipka
treatment          léčba               tonsillitis           angína
injection          injekce             diphtheria            záškrt
prescription       recept              scarlet               spála
to prescribe       předepsat           infantile paralysis   dětská obrna
medicine           lék                 sunstroke             úpal, úžeh
scratch            škrábnutí           hepatitis             žloutenka
stab               bodnutí             bronchitis            zánět průdušek
vaccine            vakcína             otitis                zánět středního ucha
wound              zranění             pneumonia             zápal plic
disease            choroba             measles               spalničky
contagious         nakažlivý           German measles        zarděnky
cough              kašel               mumps                 příušnice
fever              horečka             cancer                rakovina
hypochondriac      hypochondr, -ický   encephalitis          zánět mozkových blan
malignant          zhoubný             diarrhoea             průjem
tumour             nádor               plague                mor

								
To top