PSY 325A Human Sexuality by rsg18606

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									PSY 325A Human Sexuality



Introduction to the course
The history of sexuality research
The methods of sexuality research
Introduction to the course
• Overview of syllabus
• Is sexuality important?
• Why study something that occurs
  naturally?
• How broad are the effects of human
  sexuality?
• Should Christians talk about such things?
What are they thinking? Some true
stories…
• Susan has been dating a great guy for 8 months,
  and they are talking about getting married. One
  evening he shares with her that he looks at porn
  frequently, and can’t seem to avoid it. What is
  Susan thinking?
• Jennifer is married to a pastor. As their love life
  has become a bit predictable—at least from his
  point of view—he suggests that they watch some
  porn movies together in the bedroom. What is
  Jennifer thinking?
• Current comment: Noam Chomsky
More stories…
• Mike’s wife says that she enjoys their lovemaking,
  but finds it even more enjoyable if she reads a
  romance novel for awhile before they get started.
  What is Mike thinking?
• Josh’s wife seems to enjoy sex with him, but he
  always has to be the initiator. Usually she agrees,
  but sometimes she declines. When she declines,
  what is Josh thinking?
Curent cultural comments
• David Duchovny
• Sex Addiction
 Reading assignments
• Click on Readings on the course calendar in the
  syllabus.
• Read the History of sexuality research.
• Click the link and read the assigned selections
  from Hippocrates.
• Read the assigned passages from Proverbs and
  Ecclesiastes.
• Click the link and read Chapter 1 from Part II of the
  Kama Sutra. Do not believe everything you read.
• Click on the John Calvin link, and read his section
  on marriage (paragraphs 34 – 37)
Values about sexuality
• Read the textbook material on different
  value systems
• Critically evaluate the textbook’s
  explanations by referring to primary
  sources as linked in the syllabus.
Sexuality research in the modern
era
• Richard von Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902)
  – Psychopathia sexualis
• Sigmund Freud 1856-1939)
  – Three contributions to the theory of sexuality,
    1905
• Havelock Ellis (1859-1939)
  – Studies in the psychology of sex, 1896-1928
• Theodore van de Velde (1873-1937)
  – Ideal marriage, 1926
More research history
• The boys from Berlin and sexology
   – Ulrichs, Hirschfeld, Moll, & Marcuse
• Robert Latou Dickinson
   – A thousand marriages, 1932
• Helena Wright
   – The sex factor in marriage, 1930
• Alfred C. Kinsey (1894-1956)
   – Sexual behavior in the human male, 1948
   – Sexual behavior in the human female , 1953
More recent research
• Kinsey Institute studies (1989, 1990)
  – ―Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender,
    and Reproduction‖
• Money and Ehrhardt
  – Man & woman, boy & girl, 1972
• Masters and Johnson
  – Human sexual inadequacy, 1970
  – Homosexuality in perspective, 1979
Survey research
•   The Hunt report, 1974 (Playboy Foundation)
•   The Redbook survey (Tavris & Sadd, 1977)
•   The Hite reports (1976, 1981)
•   The National Health and Social Life Survey
    – (Michael, Gagnon, Michaels, and Laumann,
      1994)
• International Sexuality Description Project
  (Schmitt, 2003)
Summary of research methods
•   Arm’s length survey research
•   Face-to-face survey research
•   Case studies and clinical research
•   Observational research
    –   Behavioral and physiological
    –   Naturalistic observation
    –   Ethnographic observation: Field research
    –   Participant observation
    –   Laboratory observation: Experimental research
• Correlational method
• Experimental method
The ethics of sex research
• Sampling and reliability
• Privacy, invasion, and informed consent
  – Participation: selection bias, Hawthorne effect
  – Validity of invasive technologies, like
    plethysmography
• Rationale of formation of groups, eg. race
• Ideological use of research
• Caveats for evaluating sex research
    Cross-cultural analysis of
    sexuality
•   Liberia
•   Iran
•   Japan
•   Sudan
•   Liu Report on sexual behavior in China, 1990
•   The Billings Indian Health Services Survey,
    1990
Why study human sexuality?
• Inquiring minds want to know.
• To evaluate contradictory messages we
  may have received
• To develop a mature attitude
• To learn to cope with our past
• To improve the quality of our lives
• To understand cultures, history, Scripture,
  and humanity
Parental responses, Spring, 2000
                                   Dad Mom
•   Trust your judgment               3  5
•   Need Christian/Biblical values    7  9
•   Irony/humor                       4  1
•   Reserve judgment/neutral/accept 1    4
•   In favor                         11 13

								
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