Protecting the Bottom Line Leasing Washington's

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Protecting the Bottom Line Leasing Washington's Powered By Docstoc
					Volume 8, Issue 6 • NoVember /December 2005   Linking PeoPLe, information, and technoLogy

  Protecting the
  Bottom Line:
  Leasing Washington’s
  Submerged Lands for

  katrina interrupts
  mississippi’s efforts to
  “nest in Peace”

  Seeing the Writing on
  the Web in ohio
                                                                                                National Oceanic and
From the Director                                                                             Atmospheric Administration
                                                                                              U.S. Secretary of Commerce
                                                                                              Carlos m. Gutierrez
                                                                                                                                        News and Notes
Almost every part of the National                  environmental groups and regulators        Under Secretary of Commerce for           Helpful Information for Coastal Officials
Oceanic and Atmospheric                            to rebuild beaches with habitat and        oceans and atmosphere, and
                                                                                              administrator, national oceanic
Administration (NOAA) has been                     storm protection in mind, and to help      and atmospheric administration (noaa)     Today, and When Disaster Strikes                           of initial hurricane impacts. Maps were developed to
                                                                                              Conrad C. Lautenbacher Jr.
involved in Hurricanes Katrina and                 spur the state’s economic recovery         Vice admiral, U.S. navy (ret.)
                                                                                                                                           Even though emergency response is not the primary       help officials see the impacted areas, visualize debris
Rita preparation, response, and recovery.          through ecotourism.                                                                  goal of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric               accumulations, and study impacts to wetland areas.
                                                                                              assistant administrator for
From forecasting their paths, to                      In the cover story of this edition      ocean Services and                        Administration (NOAA) Coastal Services Center, the
supporting rescue and recovery efforts,            of Coastal Services, you will learn        Coastal Zone management,                  products and services originally developed for state       Flood Maps
                                                                                              national ocean Service
to helping reopen important ports and              about a possible new coastal resource      Charles Challstrom, acting                and local coastal programs can play an important role         An ongoing project with the National Weather
waterways, to assessing the storms’                management tool for marine                                                           in a disaster recovery program. The following outlines     Service is focused on improving flood-prediction
                                                                                              NOAA Coastal Services Center
environmental impacts, NOAA has                    conservation and restoration.              Director: margaret a. Davidson
                                                                                                                                        some of the Center’s efforts during the eventful           capabilities. This effort brought helpful information to
been quietly working behind the scenes                Washington State Department of                                                    hurricane season of 2005.                                  emergency preparedness officials, including forecasts
                                                                                              Deputy Director: Jeff payne
during these terrible natural disasters.           Natural Resources, with help from the                                                                                                           and near-real-time information about rain, winds,
   The NOAA Coastal Services                       Nature Conservancy, has drafted what       Coastal Information Services,             Coordination                                               and flooding. Officials used this information to
                                                                                              Branch Chief: nicholas Schmidt
Center is no exception. For instance,              may be the nation’s first state policy                                                  In all phases of a disaster, officials require quick    create maps that were used to determine the number
                                                                                              resource management Services,
to help assess the crushing effects of             to allow leases of submerged lands to      Branch Chief: Beth mcCandless
                                                                                                                                        and easy access to pertinent information, and the          of critical facilities impacted by the storms and the
Hurricane Katrina, the Center provided             protect them from degradation.                                                       fewer places they have to go to get that information       demographics of the impacted regions.
                                                                                              Coastal management Services,
the Federal Emergency Management                      Other articles look at the Lake Erie    Branch Chief: Ginger Hinchcliff           the better. Well-established partnerships with the            People involved in rebuilding communities continue
Agency with remotely sensed data                   Information: Discussion Board, an                                                    Federal Emergency Management Agency and the U.S.           to use the information to see how the landscape
                                                                                               Communications Director:
records of the affected Gulf Coast                 on-line venue for fishermen, boaters,       Donna mcCaskill                          Geological Survey allowed Center data and assistance       reacted and changed in response to the flooding
region. These data were used as a                  and others with technical questions                                                  to go rapidly to the people who needed it most.            and strong winds, and to help them make smart
                                                                                               magazine Writer and editor:
baseline to estimate the damage to                 about the lake and its resources to get     Hanna Goss                                  An agreement with the NOAA National Weather             rebuilding decisions. The flood-map team is using
natural and man-made environments.                 answers directly from Ohio Sea Grant        Copy editor: Gerald esch
                                                                                                                                        Service’s National Hurricane Center also provided          remotely sensed maps and other information-gathering
   In this edition of Coastal Services,            extension staff members, and the Gray’s                                              for the deployment of a modeling and geographic            devices to recalibrate the flood prediction models and
                                                                                               Graphic Designer: frank ruopoli
we cover the impacts of Katrina on                 Reef Ocean Film Festival, which has                                                  information system expert from the Coastal Services        determine ways to improve the predictive process.
Mississippi’s Nest in Peace project,               become that national marine sanctuary’s    Back issues of Coastal Services can be    Center to help integrate storm surge and other data
a model local stewardship program                  primary outreach event.                    viewed at      sets into easy-to-use information products.                Long-Term Recovery
coordinated by the Mississippi Coast                  We hope that you find the               to subscribe to Coastal Services,           “Because of our previous working relationships with         Many of the products and services that proved to
                                                                                              please direct correspondence to:
Audubon Society. In the article, we                information in this and every edition of                                             these agencies, we understood each other’s capabilities    be helpful after the storm are also playing a role in the
hear how Mississippi Audubon plans                 Coastal Services interesting and useful.   Hanna Goss                                and needs,” says Steve Raber, remote sensing manager       long-term recovery effort. The Center is working with
                                                                                              noaa Coastal Services Center
to respond to the storm interruption by                                                       2234 South Hobson avenue                  for the Coastal Services Center. “Our partnerships         the rest of NOAA to bring products and services to
making the program bigger and better.                                                         Charleston, SC 29405-2413                 with the private sector and other organizations also       those concerned with the rebuilding effort.
                                                                                              phone: (843) 740-1332
   In addition, the article examines the                                                      fax: (843) 740-1313                       proved helpful, since we were able to coordinate the         These efforts include the creation of partnerships
opportunity the storm is providing for                 Margaret A. Davidson                   e-mail:               delivery of additional data and products from other        developed to leverage resources and expertise, technical
                                                                                              for more information about                sources that might have otherwise been inaccessible.”      support to guide social and economic recovery,
                                                                                              the Coastal Services Center, call                                                                    improved storm surge inundation modeling and maps,
                                                                                              (843) 740-1200 or visit our
                                                                                              home page on the Internet:                Remotely Sensed Imagery                                    and other products that help officials predict, prepare
The mission of the NOAA Coastal Services Center is to                                                                                     The NOAA Coastal Services Center’s Coastal               for, and recover from natural disasters. 
support the environmental, social, and economic well being of                                                                           Change Analysis Program is working to complete a
the coast by linking people, information, and technology.                                                                               national baseline of coastal land cover and change data.     For more information about the Center’s products
                                                                                              Coastal Services is produced              As a result, staff members were working in the Gulf        and services, visit the organization’s Web site at
                                                                                              bimonthly as a trade journal for          region prior to Hurricane Katrina. This work put the, or e-mail
                  U.S. Department of CommerCe                                                 coastal resource managers. editorial
                  national oceanic and atmospheric administration                             content is unofficial and not authority   Center in an ideal position to perform quick analyses
                  national ocean Service                                                      for action. Views and opinions
                  Coastal Services Center                                                     expressed may not reflect those of the
                                                                                              Department of Commerce or noaa.

Cover photo courtesy of and copyrighted by Nancy Sefton, Earthwise Media                                                                                                                                                                          Coastal Services | 
                                                                                                                                  “People need to understand                         “What we really want to do,” he

    Mississippi’s “Nest                                                              “If	anything,	it	will	
                                                                                                                               why they have to leave these
                                                                                                                               animals alone,” LaSalle says. “Any
                                                                                                                               disturbance can be catastrophic”
                                                                                                                                                                                  says, “is take that data . . . and look
                                                                                                                                                                                  in-depth at trends and what we can
                                                                                                                                                                                  do to improve the habitat.”
                                                                                     revitalize	our	program	
    in Peace” Interrupted
                                                                                                                               because terns are easily chased off
                                                                                                                               their nests, and a chick or egg can                After the Storm
                                                                                     even	more	than	before.”                   die after as little as 5 minutes                     LaSalle is adamant that
                                                                                                                               exposure to intense midday sun.                   Mississippi Audubon will continue

    by Katrina                                                                        Mark	LaSalle
                                                                                      Mississippi	Coast	Audubon	Society        Recent Additions
                                                                                                                                   This year, Mississippi
                                                                                                                                                                                  the Nest in Peace project, “Katrina
                                                                                                                                                                                  or no Katrina.”
                                                                                                                                                                                     “If anything, it will revitalize our
                                                                                                                               Audubon “did some different                        program even more than before,”
                                                                                                                                things,” LaSalle notes.                           he says. “We really did pick it up a
    	 or 30 years, the Mississippi         protection in mind, and to help              LaSalle also believes that                 The group expanded efforts to                  couple notches this year, and we will
    Coast Audubon Society has been         spur the state’s economic recovery        “hurricanes are natural phenomena.         engage youth and the general public               pick up where we left off next year.”
    working to protect beach-nesting       through ecotourism.                       Every so often they come in and reset      in the project, and worked with the                  He also believes the storm is
    least terns, other birds, and the                                                the clocks in an area. It’s all part of   National Audubon Society as part                   granting resource organizations           The Nest in Peace project helps
    habitats on which those species        The Big One                               the natural cycle.”                        of its Coastal Bird Conservation                  and regulatory agencies the               protect least terns as they nest on
    depend. One of the Audubon                “Obviously, we didn’t talk on                                                    Program to conduct an exhaustive                   opportunity to better plan the            Mississippi beaches.
    chapter’s key and recently expanded    Monday,” was the start of the             Project Interrupted                        survey of all coastal nesting birds               environmental recovery.
    projects has been Nest in Peace, a     e-mail LaSalle sent four days after the      Under the Nest in Peace project,        along the state’s shoreline.                         “We are drafting white papers          for the region, and he plans to
    model for local stewardship that       massive storm devastated the Gulf         Mississippi Audubon, with support             During the summer, area                        right now to get to the Mississippi       continue those efforts. “We really
    involves sand fencing and signage      Coast. While news coverage provided       from the Harrison County Sand              schoolteachers involved students in               regulatory folks,” LaSalle says.          need to be promoting nature-based
    to protect habitat, public education   the nation with horrific images of        Beach Department, works to                 research, monitoring, and protection             “We want to engage them in a               ecotourism on the Gulf Coast. This
    and involvement, and monitoring        lost lives and destroyed homes and        maintain four safe nesting areas           efforts. This included constructing               conversation as soon as is practicable    is the first big effort to identify a
    and research.                          businesses, from LaSalle’s vantage        for the endangered least terns on          a selection of shelters that tern                 to identify good-quality areas that       facility that would help support that.”
       On the day the interview to talk    point in Vicksburg, it was difficult to   beaches in Gulfport and Biloxi.            chicks could use for protection if                can be restored to help protect
    about Nest in Peace was scheduled      evaluate the environmental damage            Over the past three decades,            they should wander from the nest,                 human resources and to provide            Positive Attitude
    with Mark LaSalle, coastal project     that also was experienced along           Mississippi Audubon has helped             and monitoring to see if the chicks               habitat for animals.                         LaSalle is confident that
    director for Mississippi Audubon,      Mississippi’s shore.                      census those colonies, put up              used the shelters and which shelter                  “Hopefully, we can lessen the          Mississippi’s coast can recover from
    Hurricane Katrina struck the U.S.          “As for the terns or [Nest in         protective sand fencing, and erected      worked best.                                       impacts of future storms, within          the devastation brought by
    Gulf Coast.                            Peace] signs, I doubt that any            and maintained the Nest in Peace              The middle school student                      reason, and provide wonderful             Hurricane Katrina.
       A week later, after he and his      of that survived. I am assuming           signs, as well as interpretive signage    volunteers “dutifully went out there               natural habitat that can support             “Let’s clean up and get back to
    family had safely evacuated from       that the beach profile was altered        designed to educate beachgoers             for six to eight weeks taking down               wildlife and restore the beauty            work,” he says. “I grew up in coastal
    their flooded home in Ocean            significantly,” LaSalle wrote.            about the need to protect the              data,” LaSalle says. “The bottom line             of the Gulf Coast.” This in turn          Louisiana and the people who live
    Springs, LaSalle talked about the          During a telephone conversation       habitat and birds. In addition to          of what they found is that the chicks            will serve to prime the area’s             in these areas, well, you pull up your
    impacts of Katrina on the project      a few days later, LaSalle admits to       using the Nest in Peace logo on            did use the shelters.”                            economic generator.                       britches and you go on. What else
    and how Nest in Peace would come       anxiously awaiting next year’s tern       bumper stickers and road signs,               LaSalle says that the work the                    “Having good, high-quality             can you do?” 
    back better than ever. He also saw     nesting season, but predicts “these       the society constructed an                 chapter and volunteers did as part                natural areas is part of the tourist
    the opportunity the storm would        birds will come back.”                    interpretive boardwalk, complete           of the field-based, science-driven                economy,” LaSalle explains.                 For more information on Mississippi
    provide for environmental groups           One reason for his optimism is        with viewing benches, so visitors          Coastal Bird Conservation Program                    Even before the storm, LaSalle         Coast Audubon Society’s Nest in Peace
    to join with regulators to rebuild     that Katrina hit the coast after the      could see the colonies without            “improved the value of 25 years of                was working to establish an                project, contact Mark LaSalle at (228)
    beaches with habitat and storm         tern nesting season ended.                disturbing the birds.                      tern census data.”                                education and ecotourism center           475-0825, or

2 | November/December 2005                                                                                                     Photo courtesy of and by Margo Zdravkovic, Audubon’s Coastal Bird Conservation Program                                   Coastal Services | 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                allowed, and an internal policy and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                guidance document was produced.

       Protecting the Bottom Line:                                                                                                               “In	theory	it	means	if	an	entity	comes	in	and	wants		                             “What we found when we looked
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                at the statutes,” says Udelhoven, “was
                                                                                                                                                to	lease	for	conservation,	and	another	entity	wants	to	                         clear language authorizing leases for
   Leasing Washington’s Submerged Lands for Conservation                                                                                                                                                                        environmental protection purposes.”
                                                                                                                                                lease	the	same	area	for	water-dependent	commerce,		                                The conservancy helped provide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                a training session about required
                                                                                                Pricing Submerged Land                          those	things	can	be	evaluated	equally.”                                         operations, maintenance, and
                                                                                                   Billions of dollars a year are                                                                                               monitoring of conservation leases
                                                                                                spent by private entities to lease                		     	        	       	        Jay	Udelhoven,	The	Nature	Conservancy        for about 50 Department of Natural
                                                                                                and develop submerged lands in                                                                                                  Resources staff members.
                                                                                                this country.
                                                                                                   The Submerged Lands Act, which                  Having a specific policy to lease     and extractive uses,” which often      What It Says
                                                                                                Congress enacted in 953, conveys               submerged lands for conservation         impacted the resources.                   Under the state’s conservation
                                                                                               “title and ownership of the lands and            and restoration “puts conservation          The resident’s question, however,   leasing policy, submerged land must
                                                                                                natural resources of the three-mile             on equal footing with the other          stoked discussion within the           be actively restored or managed.
                                                                                                territorial sea to the states,” giving          public benefits the department           Department of Natural Resources           An entity taking on such a
                                                                                                states the authority to lease marine            manages for,” says Udelhoven, who        about the value and possibility        lease has to prove its staff has
                                                                                                plots to private interests.                     is now a senior policy advisor for the   of leasing submerged lands for         the experience, knowledge, and
                                                                                                   In Washington State, for instance,           Nature Conservancy.                      conservation under existing state      capability to manage a marine
                                                                                                the Department of Natural                          “In theory it means if an entity      statutes and policies.                 resource area. This entails providing
  Washington State is testing a new policy that allows submerged nearshore lands to             Resources manages 2.4 million                   comes in and wants to lease for                                                 the Department of Natural
  be leased for restoration and conservation.                                                   acres of aquatic land and has granted           conservation, and another entity         Another Angle                          Resources with a conservation
                                                                                                close to 3,700 leases, many of which            wants to lease the same area for            The Nature Conservancy’s            management plan for the site, as well
  Much of the country’s marine                  state policy to allow leases of                 are for commercial purposes.                    water-dependent commerce, those          Mike Beck began pondering the          as reports on monitoring
  nearshore environment is owned                submerged lands for restoration                The leases generate $5 to $8                   things can be evaluated equally.         possibility of conservation groups     and research.
  by the states and managed for                 and conservation. In addition, the              million in state revenues per year,             Based on that evaluation, the one        leasing nearshore property in 999.       The rigorous approval process
  navigation, commerce, and public              Nature Conservancy has helped                   and the department processes about              that provides for the greater            Instead of commercial production,      makes it clear that an entity could
  access. Many states, in turn, have            provide outreach and training for              00 new authorizations annually.                 public benefit is the one that           he envisioned the leases “producing”   not lease a site “ just to exclude
  leased or sold as much as one-                Department of Natural Resources                                                                 leases the site.”                        restored habitat.                      others from leasing an area,”
  third of the country’s submerged              staff members to support the policy,           Legal Ground                                                                                 In 2002, Beck organized a           explains Udelhoven.
  coastal lands to private interests            and has committed to a pilot lease to            The state’s directive for leasing              You Had to Ask                           workshop in New York focusing
  for activities such as oil exploration        test this new conservation approach.           submerged lands calls for such uses                 A spark for Washington State’s        on conservation leasing—the             Pilot Project
  and extraction, the development                  “We know there has been a                   to balance five public benefits, says            conservation leasing policy was          first conference of its kind—and          To test the new policy, the Nature
  of marinas and docks, and the                 significant decline in marine                  Jay Udelhoven, former assistant                  generated in October 2000 when           Udelhoven fortuitously was              Conservancy agreed to undertake a
  cultivation of aquaculture.                   resource diversity and                         division manager for aquatic                     Udelhoven was approached at a            invited to participate. A               pilot lease.
     But what about leasing submerged           productivity, and we know there                resources at Washington’s                        public meeting by a resident who         partnership between the state              “The first thing we had to do,”
  lands to protect them from                    is a limited toolbox of strategies             Department of Natural Resources.                 wanted to pick up an expiring lease      agency and nonprofit organization       says Betsy Lyons, the conservancy’s
  degradation? Could this be a new              to address that decline,” says                    These benefits include                        for an area that was being used for      quickly developed.                      marine conservation project manager,
  tool in coastal resource managers’            Mike Beck, senior scientist with               encouraging direct public use and                finfish cultivation. “The resident’s        “Once the Nature Conservancy        “was figure out what kind of project
  limited arsenal of strategies for             the Nature Conservancy’s Global                access, fostering water-dependent                idea,” Udelhoven explains, “was to       got involved, it really triggered       and where to do it.”
  marine conservation and restoration?          Marine Initiative. “We need to                 uses, ensuring environmental                     protect the site.”                       our efforts,” says Matt Niles,             The extensive selection and
     To find out, the Washington                create new strategies, and we                  protection, and utilizing renewable                 “At that time, it wasn’t really       environmental planner for               planning process included
  State Department of Natural                   think we can apply many                        resources. The directive also calls              possible,” Udelhoven says. “We           Washington’s Department of              identifying and matching high-
  Resources, with help from the                 of the same lessons that have                  for the uses to generate revenue                 didn’t lease things to protect them;     Natural Resources. Existing state       priority conservation areas for both
  Nature Conservancy, has drafted               proven to be successful in the                 when it is consistent with the other             we only approved leases for water-       statutes and policies were examined     the Nature Conservancy and the
  what may be the nation’s first                terrestrial environment.”                      public benefits.                                 dependent, commercial, recreational,     to see if protective leases could be    Department of Natural Resources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Continued on Page 6

4 | November/December 2005                                                 Photo courtesy of and copyrighted by Nancy Sefton, Earthwise Media                                                                                                            Coastal Services | 5
  Continued from Page 5

                                                                                                                                   Seeing the Writing on the Web in Ohio
  with habitat that would support              ground until the oyster population         conservation; rather, they think we
  target conservation activities,              becomes sustainable.”                      should be doing a lot more.”
  such as oyster restoration. The                 The organization will, however,            Udelhoven notes that department
  site also had to be acceptable to            allow low impact public use, such as       staff members were included in the
  other stakeholders.                          canoeing and kayaking.                     creation and implementation of the       Ohio Sea Grant saw the writing           in 2004, and while 2005 numbers
     “We didn’t want to compete                                                           policy and that much of the current      on the Web sites. More and               weren’t available at the time of this
  with the tribes or existing shellfish         Easier Said than Done                     policy reflects their concerns.          more people are first turning to         interview, Snyder says usage jumped
  growers,” Lyons explains.                        One of the primary challenges for         One of the values of the pilot        the Internet for their news and          significantly this
     The area selected was a 0-acre            implementing the policy has been          project, he says, is to show the         information and to chat about topics     past summer.
  site on Woodard Bay in South Puget            resistance among some Department          staff “how this fits within the          important to them. The program’s            Five Sea Grant staff members
  Sound where the conservancy will              of Natural Resources staff members.       existing program and that it actually    extension agents decided it was time     take turns answering discussion
  restore and enhance the habitat for              Some of the concerns cited by          complements the existing program.”       to join the conversation.                board questions each week,
  native Olympia oysters.                       the staff include the belief that                                                     The Lake Erie Information:            providing information on fisheries,
                                                the policy might contradict or            The Response                             Discussion Board (     water quality, lake levels, regulations   Ohio fishermen, boaters, and others now
  The Requirements                              undermine traditional department              Mike Beck is more direct in his      edu/discus/) provides an on-line         and policies, and many other topics.      have an on-line venue to ask technical
     Before undertaking the lease, the          partnerships for restoration projects.    response to department staff             venue for fishermen, boaters, and           “We’re not trying to provide           questions about Lake Erie and its resources.
  conservancy was required to conduct           Some question the value of requiring      members’ doubts.                         others with technical questions          fishing tips or to evaluate fishing
  an extensive ecological assessment            conservation organizations to pay             “Individuals are concerned that      about the lake and its resources to      gear,” Snyder explains. “Other sites          “In a two-week period we
  and carry out a legal boundary                for lease agreements, or of requiring     we are paying for what should have       get answers directly from program        have fishing pros who can answer           had over 200 replies, all saying,
  survey to define the lease area.              an evaluation and implementation          been an agency responsibility, or that   staff members.                           those types of questions. We’re           ‘yes, yes, yes,’” Snyder says. The
     In hindsight,” Lyons notes, “we            process more onerous than that            conservation should be a state role.                                              more in the Sea Grant mode of              program’s communications staff and
  should have had the project fully             required for commercial leases.           If we are having a clear and frank                                                Lake Erie education.”                      computer specialist developed the
  scoped and identified before applying         Others contend that the job of            discussion, the question is then, ‘Are   “In	a	two-week	                             It was, in fact, technical questions    easy-to-use site.
  for the lease. Because we hadn’t done         conservation should be the state’s.       you [the state] fulfilling that role?’                                            about Lake Erie that were receiving           To get the word out, a press
  all the baseline survey work up front,           “A lot of the obstacles that we        The response is, ‘Not as much as
                                                                                                                                   period	we	had	over	                      incorrect answers on other                 release was distributed to local
  it was difficult to provide the level of      have had to overcome have been            we would like.’ The next question        200	replies,	all	saying,	                discussion boards that illustrated the     media, and notices were posted
  detail that was required.”                    internal,” acknowledges Matt Niles.       is, ‘Couldn’t you use assistance in                                               need for Ohio Sea Grant to create its      on Great Lakes fishing Web sites.
     The benefit of signing the                “We’re a big agency with a lot of          that role?’ . . . If you extend semi-    ‘yes,	yes,	yes.’”                        own site.                                  Snyder notes that the board’s
  lease, she says, is that it gives the         people who have diverse opinions of       exclusive rights to lots of other                                                    “People would pop up [on                discussion threads also appear in
  conservancy “exclusive access to the          how we should be doing things. A          businesses and organizations, why        						Fred	Snyder,	Ohio	Sea	Grant        other Web sites] with off-the-wall         topic-related Google searches,
  site for a set amount of time. We             lot of the reason for the resistance is   not extend those rights to us?”                                                   answers,” Snyder says. When he            which adds to the diversity of the
  can control what’s happening on the           not because people are opposed to             Beck notes that the requirements                                              would see incorrect information on a       board’s users.
                                                                                          the Nature Conservancy is being              “This differs from e-mail in that    discussion board, Snyder would log            “I just love it,” Snyder says of the
                                                                                          asked to meet for the pilot lease        instead of responding to one person,     on and provide the correct answer,         discussion board. “I’m just interested
     internet resources                                                                   are “far greater than any standard       it shares the answer with everyone,”     always posting his name and Sea            in what people think. I can’t wait to
     Washington State Department of Natural Resources Aquatic Resources home page
                                                                                          currently being asked of the 3,700       says Fred Snyder, extension specialist   Grant affiliation.                         see what kind of reply I’m going to
                                                                                          other leaseholders in the State          and program co-leader for Ohio              It wasn’t long before questions         get when I answer a question.”
     Nature Conservancy magazine article on the conservancy’s efforts to develop
                                                                                          of Washington.”                          Sea Grant. “It becomes a valuable        started being directed to Snyder              He adds, “Media like this will be
     submerged lands leasing and ownership
                                                                                              “At one level that’s OK with us,”    teaching tool. One person asks the       specifically and other sites were          used a lot in the future. I think it’s
     Law and policy report on leasing and owning submerged lands                          he says, “because this is the first      question, but hundreds might learn       requesting he host real-time question      useful in a lot of areas.”         conservation lease and we want to        from it.”                                and answer sessions. To see if his
     Leasing and ownership law and policy fact sheet and a strategy report on             make sure it’s all going to work.            Usage of the discussion board has    hunch that Sea Grant needed its              To view the Lake Erie Information:
     leasing and restoration of submerged lands                                           At some point, we would like to          steadily increased since its launch in   own discussion board was right,           Discussion Board, point your browser     have a conversation about the            July 2002. It has become Ohio Sea        Snyder posted a question on a             to
     Leasing and ownership fact sheet                                                     fairness and balance of uses in          Grant’s most frequently accessed         popular Web site asking anglers if        For more information, contact Fred               the marine environment.”                 page, following the entry home page.     they would support and use a Sea          Snyder at (419) 635-1022, or
                                                                                          Continued on Page 9                      The board received at least 3,00 hits   Grant information board.        

 | November/December 2005                                                                                                         Photo courtesy of Ohio Sea Grant                                                                                Coastal Services | 7
                                                                                                                                           Continued from Page 6

            Movies More Valuable than a Thousand                                                                                            Policy Update
                                                                                                                                              “One thing the pilot application has shown
                                                                                                                                                                                                    GPS Guidebook.
               Pictures for Georgia Sanctuary                                                                                               us is that we need to make the application
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Things to know before
                                                                                                                                            process easier,” Niles says. The agency already                    you make that purchase.
                                                                                                                                            has plans to update the policy and to evaluate
       Being located 7-and-a-half                 the Savannah College of Art and            “You	can’t	just	                             whether the program requirements are
       nautical miles off Sapelo Island,           Design’s Trustees Theater                                                               “overly cumbersome.”
       Georgia, and submerged beneath              in downtown Savannah. More than           rent	a	video	from	                                Betsy Lyons notes, “We’re hoping to sit
       0 to 70 feet of water limits the           2,000 people were expected to                                                            down with the state and policy folks and say                                    Where Am
       number of visitors to Gray’s                attend this year’s second
                                                                                             Blockbuster.”	                                ‘here is what we think of the process, here                                        I Going?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               A Manager's
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Guide to GPS
       Reef National Marine Sanctuary.             annual event.                                 		     Gail	Krueger,	                      are the pros and cons, and here are
       Because the sanctuary’s staff                  The festival’s evening programs            		     Gray’s	Reef	National	               our suggestions.’”
       members can’t easily bring visitors         include a presentation and question           		     Marine	Sanctuary                       She adds, “It’s been valuable going
       to the site, they have found an             and answer session with a well-                                                          through it. We do see enough of the pros that
       effective way to bring the sanctuary        known producer or director. This                                                        we’re willing to continue testing and
       and ocean to the community.                 year’s event featured pioneer              festival,” Krueger admits.                    improving the process.”                                                                         A guide for natural resource

                                                   underwater film producer and              “There was definitely a steep                     Currently, the Nature Conservancy is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            programs considering the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            purchase of Global Positioning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            System (GPS) equipment, with

                                                   photographer Stan Waterman,                learning curve.”                              selecting another lease site.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            specific information for users in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            the U.S. Flag Pacific Islands.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            NOAA Pacific Services Center

                                                   whose Emmy-award-winning work                 Producing a film festival
                                                   includes The Deep and Blue Water,          requires many of the same skills             Across State Lines
                                                   White Death.                               needed to organize any large                    In addition to pursuing other leases in
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Order your copy now.
                                                      Two-hour blocks of films,               event, she says, but also involves           Washington, the conservancy is encouraging
                                                   usually tied together by topic, are        identifying and screening potential          land trust organizations in other states to
                                                   shown throughout the weekend.              films, getting screen rights, and            begin a dialogue with coastal regulators about
                                                   Additions to this year’s festival          contracting with ocean-related               leasing nearshore lands for conservation.
                                                   included a children’s film festival        filmmakers and directors.                       “We hope we are piquing interest in other
                                                   running concurrently at Tybee                 “You can’t just rent a video from         states,” notes Kristen Fletcher, director of the
       Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary       Island Marine Science Center              Blockbuster,” Krueger says. Still,            Rhode Island Sea Grant Legal Program,
       gets lead billing at the Savannah College   and an essay and visual arts               all the effort is worth it.                  which has worked with the Nature
       of Art and Design’s Trustees Theater in     competition for students in                   “We have found the film                   Conservancy to evaluate the law and
       downtown Savannah, Georgia.                 area schools.                              festival to be very successful,”             policy of conservation leasing.
                                                      “An ocean film festival is              says Bohne. “It’s a great way to                “The next step,” she says, “is to start            A How-To Guide for Coastal Resource Managers
         The Gray’s Reef Ocean Film                somewhat of a novel concept and            talk about the importance of                 conversations asking if our submerged lands
       Festival has become the sanctuary’s         helps us get more interest locally,”       marine conservation from many                policies are enough. Are we able to do for         Previous topics include
       primary outreach event, proving             Bohne says. The first year of the          different perspectives and provide           marine habitat what we want to do with the                                                                                                            CONNECTIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                Smart Growth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   VOLUME 2, ISSUE 2               A BIMONTHLY PUBLICATION FOCUSED ON TOOLS FOR COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGERS                  APRIL/MAY 2004

       that in this case, movies are more          ocean film festival was ranked by          information about Gray’s Reef and            current toolbox that we have, or do we want
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   COASTAL                                     THIS ISSUE’S FOCUS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   PROFILE                                     METADATA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    “Five years ago, even the word ‘metadata’ sent shivers down everyone’s

                                                                                                                                                                                                Impervious Surfaces
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               spine,” says John Bocchino, data and metadata manager for the New
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (DEP). At that time, few

       valuable than a thousand pictures.          the Savannah Morning News as one           the sanctuary program.”                      to try to implement something new?” 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               people understood what metadata were, and to many, it didn’t seem worth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               the effort. But now that data are shared over the Internet, metadata are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               becoming more important in identifying, validating, and protecting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               this information.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               What Are Metadata?

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    You’ve probably heard comparisons of metadata to other types of labels
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Dan Howard                                  and records—nutrition labels on food, card-catalog entries for books. The

          “This is one of the best ways            of the community’s top five events            He adds, “It’s helping us broaden
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Manager, Cordell Bank                       descriptive information found on these labels is much like the information
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   National Marine Sanctuary                   contained in metadata. Just as a nutrition label details what is in food, how
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  much, when it was made, etc., metadata tell you what particular geospatial
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               data are about, their accuracy, when and how they were created, by whom,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 VOLUME 2, ISSUE 4        A BIMONTHLY PUBLICATION FOCUSED ON TOOLS FOR COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGERS               for what purpose, available formats, and any other information a user may
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2004

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Hometown: Fairfax,                          need to know. The basic definition of metadata is “data about data.”
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 COASTAL                              THIS ISSUE’S FOCUS of

                                                                                                                                                                                                Communicating via the media
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Education: Bachelor                                           Why Are Metadata Important?

       to give the broadest possible               for the year.                              our support regionally and within               For more information on Washington State’s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         science in fisheries biology,                             Metadata are essential for “creating really good detailed descriptions of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 PROFILE                                                 Humboldt State University                             data sets for both internal and external use,” explains Bocchino. But why do
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Most fulfilling aspect                                you need these descriptions? Metadata help both data creators and users by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         of your job: Working                                    • Helping people find the data they need and determine how they can
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         with excellent people from                                use them
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         diverse backgrounds, who all                            • Preserving the usefulness of data, since all aspects of their contents and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         have a love for the marine                                creation are recorded for future users

                                                                                                                                                                                                Coastal observing Systems
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         environment.                                            • Indicating how current a data set is and how often it is used

       perspective and interpretation of              While the first festival was            the community. Also, it’s just a             submerged lands leasing for conservation policy,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Most challenging aspect                                 • Estimating data development costs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Stakeholder Buy-In of your job: To remember                                • Reducing workloads and data duplication
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         how lucky I am to have such a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         great job.                                            Standards? What Standards?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         One personal                                               The Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) created what is called
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         accomplishment you’re                                 the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata to provide a template
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         proud of: My wife and kids                            with common terms and definitions for metadata creators and users. This

                                                                                                                                                                                                Docks and piers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         still like me (I think).                              standard defines what content should be included in a metadata record,

       our ocean resources and the issues          more successful than the sanctuary        whole lot of fun.”                           contact Matt Niles at (360) 902-1065, or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Things you do in your                                 its organization and structure, and the terminology to be used. Using this
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         spare time: Coach youth                               standard makes it easier to create, search for, and share metadata since it
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Hometown:                                               softball and basketball, cross-                       provides a common language for data creators and users.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         country ski, camp.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Education:                                              Family: Wife, Sandy, and                              Getting Started
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         daughters, Alicia (20), Molly                             Five years ago, John Bocchino was hired by the New Jersey DEP to get
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (17), and Cassie (12).                                an environmental data clearinghouse and metadata system up and running.

       we face to the broadest number of           staff expected, organizing such                                                For more information        remote Sensing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Now, New Jersey has a statewide office of GIS that administers the New
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Continued on Page 2                                                                                       Continued on Page 2

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Most fulfilling aspect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  NOAA Coastal Services Center
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 WWW.CSC.NOAA.GOV 2004
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 of your job:                                                                                                                          1

       people,” says Reed Bohne, manager           an event was time consuming and              For more information on the                on the development of the Nature Conservancy’s       Beach nourishment                Most challenging aspect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 of your job:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 One work-related
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 accomplishment you’re                Regulation Reform

       of Gray’s Reef.                             challenging, notes Gail Krueger,          Gray’s Reef Ocean Film Festival,              policy efforts, contact Jay Udelhoven at (206)       needs assessment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 proud of:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 One personal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 accomplishment you’re
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 proud of:

          Over three nights and two                Gray’s Reef outreach coordinator          point your browser to www.graysreef.          343-4345, ext. 339, or, or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Continued on Page 2                                                                                     Continued on Page 2

                                                                                                                                                                                                effective Web Design
       days in September, more than 20             and the festival’s planner.      You may also contact                Mike Beck at (831) 459-1459, or mbeck@
       documentaries and art films about              “When we started, we didn’t            Reed Bohne or Gail Krueger           For legal questions about submerged         Visit
       the ocean are shown for free at             know how to organize a film               at (912) 598-2345.                            lands leasing, contact Kristen Fletcher at
                                                                                                                                                                                                to subscribe and review back issues.
                                                                                                                                           (401) 254-4613, or
8 | November/December 2005                                                       Photo courtesy of Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary
                               w w w . c s c . n o a a . g o v / s o c i a l s c i e n c e /
                                                                                               What are
                                                                                                they thinking?
                                                                                               Understanding the human dimension of
                                                                                                  coastal resource management.
                                                                                                        FocUS groUpS
                                                                                                        coSt-beneFit analySiS
                                                                                                        non-market ValUation
                                                                                                        StakeHolder analySiS

                                                                                               How can these be applied to coastal management?
                                                                                                 Visit the Social Science Web site to learn more.

NOAA Coastal Services Center                                                                                                                  PrSt Std

2234 South Hobson Avenue                                                                                                            PoStage & feeS Paid
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Charleston, SC 29405-243
                                                                                                                                       ServiceS center
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