CLIMATE RESPONSIVE TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE OF LUCKNOW AN APPROACH TO

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					CLIMATE RESPONSIVE TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE OF
LUCKNOW: AN APPROACH TO SUSTAINABLE BUILDING DESIGN
                                          Mohammad Arif Kamal *



ABSTRACT

        Today we live in an energy intensive built environment with the hope for a better
quality of life. Architecture developed in this industrial age is highly dependant on
mechanical controls resulting in high level of energy consumption. Buildings, as they are
designed and used today, contribute to serious environmental problems because of excessive
consumption of energy and other natural resources. The close connection between energy use
in buildings and environmental damage arises because energy intensive solutions sought to
construct a building and meet its demands for heating, cooling, ventilation, and lighting,
which causes severe depletion of invaluable environmental resources.

        In the past, people built their houses in harmony with the environment as well as with
optimal utilization of the available local building materials. The use of natural and passive
means in traditional houses was very effective in providing a thermally comfortable space,
which was warm in winter and cool in summer. The strength of traditional architecture is that
it blends buildings into various settings so that there is a natural harmony between climate,
architecture and people. An architectural heritage that survived for centuries because of
geometric, technical and constructive principles that worked for the society, is being sadly
destroyed under the guise of modernization. In this paper various natural and passive design
features and techniques that have been employed in the traditional residential buildings in old
settlement of Lucknow, a North Indian town have been identified and the thermal
performance of two traditional houses and one modern day dwelling unit have been studied
and comparative analysis has been done so as to enable some of these design features to be
used in the changed cultural context of present-day urban areas.




* Lecturer, Department. of Architecture, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.