LACES Art Department Bresson 08.09212rv The Elements of Art & Principles of Design Vocabulary List Elements of Art • There are 7 Elements of Art Line A point moving in space. Line can vary in width, length, curvature, color, and/or direction. Color The visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a given surface. 3 Characteristics of Color are hue, value, and intensity Shape/Form Shape a 2-Dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free-form or geometric. It can be found in nature or made by humans. Form a 3-dimensional volume or the illusion of three dimensions (related to shape, which is 2-dimensional); the particular characteristics of the visual elements of a work of art (as distinguished from its subject matter or content). Texture The surface quality of materials, either actual (tactile) or implied (visual). Value Lightness or darkness of a hue or neutral color. A value scale shows the range of values from black to white. Space The emptiness or area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects. Shapes and Forms are defined by the space around and within them, just as spaces are defined by the Shapes and Forms around and within them. There are two types of Space: Negative Space- the emptiness or area between, around, above, below a shape or form Positive Space - area within objects --shapes or forms Principles of Design • There are 11 principles of design Balance The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium in a work of art. 3 Types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, radial Contrast The difference between two or more elements (e.g., value, color, texture) in a composition; juxtaposition of dissimilar elements in a work of art, also, the degree of difference between the lightest and darkest parts of a picture. Emphasis Special stress given to an element to make it stand out (Focal Point). Dominance The importance of the emphasis of one aspect in relation to all other aspects of a design. Subordination Making an element appear to hold a secondary or lesser importance within a design or work of art. Movement The design principle dealing with the creation of action in a work of art either represented or implied. Pattern Uses the elements of art in a planned or random sequence(s) to enhance surfaces of paintings and sculptures. Pattern increases visual excitement by enriching surface interest. Pattern can be found in nature and artists use similar repeated motifs to create pattern in their work. Repetition=(no definition in Content Standards)ArtLex closely related to harmony this terms refers to a way of combining the elements of art so that the same element(s) are used over and over again. Repetition also can contribute to movement and rhythm in a work of art. Rhythm Intentional, regular repetition of lines or shapes to achieve a specific repetitious effect or pattern. Unity The total visual effect created in a composition achieved by the careful blending of the elements of art and principles of design. Variation (Variety) A principle of design concerned with combining one or more elements of art in different ways to create visual interest.
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