The Elements of Art Principles of Design by cot14472

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									                                                                                              LACES Art Department
                                                                                                            Bresson
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The Elements of Art & Principles of Design
     Vocabulary List



Elements of Art
     • There are 7 Elements of Art

            Line
                    A point moving in space. Line can vary in width, length, curvature, color, and/or direction.

            Color
                    The visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a given
                    surface.
                             3 Characteristics of Color are hue, value, and intensity

            Shape/Form
                  Shape
                             a 2-Dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free-form or
                             geometric. It can be found in nature or made by humans.

                    Form
                             a 3-dimensional volume or the illusion of three dimensions (related to shape,
                             which is 2-dimensional); the particular characteristics of the visual elements of a
                             work of art (as distinguished from its subject matter or content).

            Texture
                   The surface quality of materials, either actual (tactile) or implied (visual).

            Value
                    Lightness or darkness of a hue or neutral color. A value scale shows the range of values
                    from black to white.

            Space
                    The emptiness or area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects.

                    Shapes and Forms are defined by the space around and within them, just as spaces are
                    defined by the Shapes and Forms around and within them.

                    There are two types of Space:

                    Negative Space- the emptiness or area between, around, above, below a shape or form

                    Positive Space - area within objects --shapes or forms
Principles of Design

     • There are 11 principles of design


             Balance
                   The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium
                   in a work of art.
                           3 Types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, radial

             Contrast
                    The difference between two or more elements (e.g., value, color, texture) in a composition;
                    juxtaposition of dissimilar elements in a work of art, also, the degree of difference between
                    the lightest and darkest parts of a picture.

             Emphasis
                   Special stress given to an element to make it stand out (Focal Point).

                     Dominance
                           The importance of the emphasis of one aspect in relation to all other aspects of a
                           design.

                     Subordination
                           Making an element appear to hold a secondary or lesser importance within a design
                           or work of art.

             Movement
                  The design principle dealing with the creation of action in a work of art either represented
                  or implied.

             Pattern
                    Uses the elements of art in a planned or random sequence(s) to enhance surfaces of
                    paintings and sculptures. Pattern increases visual excitement by enriching surface interest.
                    Pattern can be found in nature and artists use similar repeated motifs to create pattern in
                    their work.

             Repetition=(no definition in Content Standards)ArtLex
                    closely related to harmony
                    this terms refers to a way of combining the elements of art so that the same element(s) are
                    used over and over again.
                    Repetition also can contribute to movement and rhythm in a work of art.

             Rhythm
                   Intentional, regular repetition of lines or shapes to achieve a specific repetitious effect or
                   pattern.

             Unity
                     The total visual effect created in a composition achieved by the careful blending of the
                     elements of art and principles of design.

             Variation (Variety)
                    A principle of design concerned with combining one or more elements of art in different
                    ways to create visual interest.

								
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