Greek Medicine Word List

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					Greek Medicine: Word List

Culturally specific
Unregulated field
No hospitals
Natural philosopher
Sophist
No dissection
Vivisection
Iatros = healer
Psych-IATRY, Ped-IATRICS
Physician
Doctor
Explanation of illness
Surgery – Medicine
Asclpius
Podalirius and Machaon
Homeric iatroi = battlefield surgeons
Disease ~ broken taboo
Incubation
Hippocrates, 430 BCE
Hippocratic question
Epidemics = encounters
Presocratic = materialist
Empedocles = elemental (precursor to chemistry)
Alcmaeon: isonomia
Isonomia: health = balance
Humours = fluids
        Cholic: yellow, hot, dry
        Phlegm: clear, cold, wet
        Sanguine: red, hot, wet
        Melancholey: black, cold, dry
Ikteros: jaundice
Epilepsy: seized from above
Seizure
Plague in Athens, 430-426 BCE