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					     MOSCOW
THE CAPITAL OF THE RUSSIAN
        FEDERATION
                                                           Moscow - the capi-
G                                                          tal of Russia, and
                                                           the center of the
                                                           Moscow region - is
eo                                                         located at a
                                                           latitude of 55.55
                                                                            o


                                                                            o

                                                           North and 37.37 to
gr                                                         the East of the
                                                           Greenwich

ap                                                         Meridian, in the
                                                           center of the East-
                                                           European Plain.

hy                                                         Moscow lies at a
                                                           height of 30-35
                                                           meters above the

.Info                                                      Moscow River, and
                                                                above meters
                                                           about 150 the sea leve

 It has a                                                  The central and
total area                                                 eastern parts of
    of
       1,100                                               the city are flatter
     square kms                                            and lower, and a
42    kms                                                  major part of the
from the                                                   city's area is
North to                                                   occupied by the
the South
                                                           valley of the
35 kms                                                     Moscow River and
from the                                                   its tributaries.
 East to                                                   Moscow is the
the West
                                                           largest among
                                                           the biggest capitals.

             The Moscow climate is
             moderately continental.
                                                       o       o

             Average summer temperatures range from 15 C to 25 C
                                                      o                 o
             Average winter temperatures range from -25 C (minimum) to 0 C (maximu
                                                           o       o

             Autumn and spring temperatures vary between 0 C and 15 C
There are representatives of 160 nations and ethnic groups
living in Moscow. These include Russians, Tatars, Jews,
people from the Caucasus republics and many others.

More than five million Muscovites work in industry,
construction, scientific institutions, transport services sector as
well as in catering services sector, educational and cultural
institutions, health and social security, housing and social
services and management.



  Moscow is one of the world's biggest megalopolises. Its population
  is more than 10 million people, together with its guests and visitors
  Moscow hosts daily about 17 million people.
Th The City Government
     The City Government is, in accordance with the City Charter,
     the highest executive authority in Moscow. The highest

e    ranking official in the City Government, as provided in the City
     Charter, is the Mayor, who appoints and removes other
     members of the City Government.
     The members of the City Government include:
G                                                  •
                                                   Mayor;
                                                               The

                                                   •           First
ov                                                 Deputy Mayors,
                                                   who are
                                                   responsible for the
er                                                 primary spheres of
                                                   activity of the City

n                                                  Government;
                                                   •
                                                   Mayors;
                                                               Deputy


m                                                  •          Head of
                                                   the Office of the
                                                   City Government;

en                                                 •
                                                   Ministers
                                                   •          Prefects
t                                                  of the
                                                   Administrative
                                                   The Executive
                                                   Office of who are
                                                   Regions, the City
                                                   in charge of the
                                                   Government
                                                   City's regions.
                                                   comprises various
                                                   departments,
                                                   committees, direc-
                                                   torates, inspec-
                                                   torates and their
                                                   respective
                                                   subsidiary organi-
                                                   zations
                                                   established
                                                   pursuant to the
                                                   City Charter.
                                    The Mayor of Moscow
                                     Mr. Yury Luzhkov was re-
                                     elected directly by the
                                                              Th
                                     Muscovites on December
                                     7, 2003 for another term e
                                     of 4 years. Within the
                                     limits set by Federal and
                                     City laws, the Mayor
                                                              M
                                     appoints the City
                                     Government, defines the
                                     authority of the various
                                                              ay
                                     departments within the
                                     Executive Office of the
                                     Government and directs
                                                              or
                                     their activities. Pursuant
                                     to the City Charter, the
                                     Mayor may present
(City Duma) for its consideration. The Mayor also has the power to veto
                                     legislative proposals
any legislation promulgated by the City Duma. City
                                     (bills) to the
At the head of Moscow since 1992, Mr. Yury Luzhkov is internation
                                     Parliament
ally considered as one of the most successful mayors and experi
enced politicians of the world.




                                                                 M
                                                                 os
                                                                 co
   The Mayor's official sign                                     w
                                                                 R
    The Moscow City Hall                                         us
                                                                 si
                                                                 a
Th
e
Ci
ty
D
u
m                                             The official sign of
                                              the Chairman of the

a                                             Moscow City Duma




     The City Duma is a
     representative chamber, which, in
     accordance with City laws, is directly
     elected by Muscovites. The City
     Duma comprises 35 deputies, who
     represent the City's different
     geographical constituencies. The
     Duma is elected for a term of four
     years. The Chairman (speaker) and
The City Duma is responsible for enacting the City's laws,
approves the City's General Development Plan, establishes
working procedure for Administrative Regions and Districts.
                                                                Th
The City Duma works in sessions, although it also has a
number of working groups and committees. Its principal
                                                                e
permanent committees include: the Budgetary and Finance
Committee, the Committee on Economic Policy, the Social         Ci
Policy Committee, the Housing Policy and Reforms
Committee, the Committee on Public Utilities and Municipal
Reforms, the Committee on Environmental Policy, the
                                                                ty
Committee on Security, the Committee on Legislation, the
State Development and Self-Governance Committee and the
Committee on the City Duma's Activities.
                                                                D
Legislation may be
initiated by the City
Duma through its
                                                                u
deputies and various
committees and working
groups, although most
                                                                m
laws are initiated by the
City Government and                                             a
approved by the Mayor
and then submitted to
the City Duma for
enactment.



The City Duma has the power to vote on the performance of
the City Government and can, in certain circumstances, pass
                                                                M
motions of no confidence in relation to the whole of the City
Government or particular officials, including the Mayor.        os
                                                                co
                                                                w
                                                                R
                                                                us
                                                                si
                                                                a
                     The City is divided into 10
                     Main Administrative
                     Regions




The 10 Administrative Regions consist of 125 Districts. These
Districts formally have the status of municipalities and their
own local governments. The division into Administrative
Regions is governed by the City Law “On Territorial Division of
the City of Moscow.” The administrative divisions and their
boundaries take into account the historical, geographical and
town-planning features of the relevant areas, demographic
and socio-economic characteristics, the layout of transport
communications and the presence of engineering
infrastructure and the ability to regulate local matters in the
interests of the population.
                                                         Th
                                                          e
                                                         A
     1. Tsentralny (Central) 6. Yugo-Vostochny (South-Eastern)



                                                          d
                                                         mi
2. Severo-Zapadny (North-Western) 7. Yuzhny (Southern)
                                                         ni
                                                         str
                                                         ati
      3. Severny (Northern) 8. Yugo-Zapadny (South-Western)

                                                         ve
                                                         di
4. Severo-Vostochny (North-Eastern) 9. Zapadny (Western)
                                                         vi
                                                         si
                                                         on
  5. Vostochny (Eastern) 10. The City of Zelenograd       s
Hi                           The first reference in
                                 the Chronicles to
                            Moscow was made in

st                       1147 during the reign of
                          Prince Yury Dolgoruky.
                           In reality, however, the
or                       area around the modern
                             Moscow Kremlin had
                            been inhabited before
y                        the XII century. The city
                          occupied a central geo-
                            graphical position and
                           was close to the major
                                              river

     Prince Yuri Dolgoruky   trade routes.   Ivan (IV) the Terrible

     During his reign Ivan (IV) the Terrible (1530-1584), the first
     ruler to be crowned 'Tsar' raised the international status of
     Moscow, which continued to grow, and by the middle of the
     XVI century, its population of 100,000 made it one of the
     largest cities in Europe. The main part of the town (the Kremlin)
     was enclosed by a brick wall.
                                Hundred years later, Peter I - also
                                known as Peter the Great, the
                                Russian Tsar from 1682 and the
                                Russian Emperor from 1721 played
                                an exceptionally significant role in the
                                history of Russia. Peter's reforms
                                changed the whole of Russia,
                                including Moscow. Though St.
                                Petersburg, the city founded by Peter
                                the Great, became the new capital of
                                Russia in 1712, and a part of the
                                Moscow population moved there,
                                Moscow, however, remained the
                                largest economic and cultural center
                                of the country. Only 206 years later,
     Pet                        in March 1918, the status of the
     er                         country's capital returned back to
     I                          Moscow.
In 1812 Napoleon, having gathered his troops from all of
Europe, crossed the Russian borders. In September, 1812 the
French troops entered Moscow. The big Moscow fire raged for
six days and destroyed more than two-thirds of the city's
residential areas. Approaching the XX century, Moscow, a
gold-domed city having almost 1600 richly decorated stone
churches, combined the luxury of the residences with the big
village life in wooden houses. After the end of the World war I
and the Civil war (1918-1921) a big construction started in
Moscow. Thousands of new buildings - apartment houses,
universities, enterprises, theatres, libraries, splendid sport
facilities, widened streets, picturesque gardens and parks
changed strikingly the image of Moscow.




        Mikhail                                                   11
        Kutuzov
The war Parade on
November 7, 1941 in 1941 interrupted the peaceful life of
The German invasion
the Muscovites, many of whom gave their lives to save the
country. December 2006 marked the 65th anniversary of the
heroic battle of Moscow kept in the thankful memory of the
present generations as the turning point in the war towards
the Great Victory of 1945.

                                 A huge work has been
                                 accomplished to make
                                 Moscow recover from the
                                 war destruction and enable
                                 the city to continue its
                                 peaceful development to
                                 what it is now one of the
                                 most attractive and
                                 interesting capitals on the
                                 globe and for so many
                                 people - the Muscovites
                                 above all - the best city the
                                 world over.
ble of
buildings with
an archi-
tectural variety
that reveals a
long and
fascinating
history.
                                               The foundation of
                                               the Kremlin is
                                               attributed to
                                               Prince Yuri
                                               Dolgoruky, who
                                               built the first
                                               wooden fort on a
                                               hill in 1147. The
                                               “fortification” or
                                               word “kremlin”
                                                                        Info
                                                                                 .
                                               “citadel”
                                               means in Russian
                  Moscow language. Kremlin As the fortress was
The enlarged and
2,235Ivan the devel-meters of oped, the city of Moscow rapidly
                            The
Great        Bell          Tsar wall
sprung up around it. Between
Tower                      Bell
complex                                                           and  20
1339 and 1340, the fortress was rebuilt with new walls and oak tow-
ers, but due to the constant threat of fire damage, in 1366 it was
towers
ordered to construct a large white-stone wall around the
fortress to protect it. By the end of the XIV century, the fortress   M
was filled with churches, monasteries and manors housing the          os
Grand Prince's retainers and the local nobility.                      co
Address: Kremlin, Sobornaya Ploshchad, Kremlin, Moscow M etro:
                                                                           w
Alexandrovsky Sad/Biblioteka imini Lenina/Borovitskaya/Okhotny              R

Ryad Opens Fridays - Wednesdays from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., and is closed us
                                                                            on
Thursdays
                                                                           si
                                                                           a
     The Red Square is
Th   the main square of
     the Russian capital.
     Its history is
e    inseparably linked
     with the history of

R    the Kremlin and
     Moscow. According
     to Chronicles, the

ed   square took its
     shape in the late
     XV century, when
S    Ivan III ordered that
     all wooden
     structures around
qu   the Kremlin, which
     were potential fire
     hazards, be pulled
ar   down and a market-
     place be built
     instead. Later it
e    received its current
     name, whose first
     meaning is not red,
     but beautiful, fair,
     and the best.




     Voskresenskye
     (Iverskye)
     Gate Lenin's Mausoleum
                                                                     Th
                                                                     e
                                                                     R
                                                                     ed
                                                                     S
                                                                     qu
                                                                     ar
                                                                     e
                    The Red Square witnessed many epochal
                    historical events. In 1612, its bells rang out
                    to meet the voluntary home guard rallied
                    by Minin and Pozharsky, and two centuries
                    later, they greeted Kutuzov's army, which
                    liberated Moscow from Napoleon's troops.
                    It witnessed the historic parade of 1941,
                    when soldiers marched across the square
                                                                     M
                    and went from there straight to the war-
                    fronts, and, of course, the memorable            os
Statue       of
Minin       and     Victory Parade of 1945, when the Nazi            co
Pozharsky           flags were cast on the ground in front of        w
                    the Kremlin walls.
Address: 4 Krasnaya Ploshad, Kremlin, M oscow                        R
Metro: Ploshchad Revolutsii/Alexandrovsky
Wednesdays - Mondays from 11:00 a.m. to 5.30 p.m., closed
Sad/Kitai Gorod                                                      us
Thursdays                                                            si
                                                                     a
                                    The Armoury Chamber is the oldest muse
                                    um in Russia. It is the treasure house of
                                    the Russian state, which has been formed
                                    during
                                    many cen
                                    turies.
                                    Here, one can
                                    see a unique and
                                    one of the world's
                                    richest collections
                                    of ancient state
                                    crown royal
                     Gold bowl      regalia, jewels,
belonged to the Tsar Alexei         gems, icon
Mikhailovich
                                    covers, crosses,
                                    thrones,
                                    carriages,
                                    coronation robes
                                    and top clergy
                                    vestments,
                                    Faberge Royal
                                    Easter eggs, etc.
                                    Nothing is placed
                                    here by chance or
                                    that lacks artistic
                                    value. Almost
                                    each exhibit here
                                    is directly related
                                    to some major
                                    historical events
                                    or personalities in
                                    Russia.


        Address: Sobornaya Ploshad, Kremlin,
        Moscow                              M etro:
        Opens Fridays - Wednesdays
        Borovitskaya/Alexandrovsky Sad from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (closed for lu
        12:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m.), closed on Thursdays
        at
The Diamond Fund is a precious collection, most of which is
made up of forearm-sized nuggets of gold. The centerpiece is
Catherine the Great's French-made crown and sceptre. The
crown is made of almost 5,000 diamonds. Her scepter
contains the 190-carat Orlov Diamond.




                                                                     M
The                     The Great,                                   os
Portrait of                 Minor                                    co
Peter    the          ImperialCrown
Great Sobornaya
Address:            Ploshad, Sceptre
                        s,   Kremlin,                                w
Moscow     M etro:  Borovitskaya     /                               R
Opens Friday            and Orb to 5:00 p.m. (closed for lunch 12:00 a.m.
Alexandrovsky Sad- Wednesday 10:00 a.m.
2:00 p.m.), closed on Thursdays                                      us
                                                                     si
                                                                     a
   The State Tretyakov Gallery is the national treasury of Russian fine
  and one of the greatest museums in the world. It is located in
  Zamoskvo-rechye, one of the oldest districts of Moscow, which
  is just a stone's throw from the Kremlin. The Gallery's
  collection consists entirely of Russian art and artists, who have
  made huge contributions to the history of Russian art. The
  collection contains more than 130,000 works of painting,
  sculpture and graphics, which have been created throughout
  the centuries by successive generations of Russian artists.
  Russian art works, ranging the XI to the early XX century, are
  on display in the Gallery's historic building on Lavrushensky
  Pereulok.




  Andrei               I.K.Sav                 I.E.R
  Old
  Rublyov              Rooks
                       rasov                   Portrait of
                                               epin
  Testament            arrived                 L.N.Tolstoy.
  Trinity              . 1871                  1887
  Opens
  Moscow. daily, except Mondays, from 10:00 a.m. to 7:30 p.m.
  1420s




                         T
e Tretyakov Picture Gallery
The Pushkin State Museum of Fine
Arts is
one of the largest collections
of the word, a unique store
                                                                      Th
house of invaluable art treas
ures. Now, the collection totals                                        e
more than 560,000 objects of foreign painting and plastics,
graphic works, products of applied art, monuments of
archeology and numismatics of different historical periods.
                                                                       P
The pride of the Museum is the Picture Gallery, where
                                                                      us
                                                                      hk
                                                                       in
                                                                      M
Ales                                                                  us
The
 Rembrandt.
                                                                      eu
sand
 Artaxerxes, Haman,

Annu
 and Esther
the masterpieces of
                                                                      m
ro
Rembrandt, Rubens, Claude

ncia
Monet, Van Gogh, Gauguin,
Picasso are on display. The

Bott
magnificent building of the                                           of
tion
Museum is right in the heart of
Moscow in close proximity to
                                                                      Fi
                                                                        M

icel
,
the Temple of Christ the
Savior, the Kremlin and the
                                                                        os
                                                                        co

li
Moscow River. Blue Dancers, late 1890s
     Edgar Degas.
                                                                      ne
                                                                      w    Open

1490                                                                    R
                                     s daily, except Mondays, from 10:00 a.m. to
 Address: 12 and 14, Volkhonka street/ M etro: Kropotkinskaja
                                     7:00 p.m.

                                                                      Arus
                                                                        si
                                                                        a
                                                                       ts
     The Kuskovo Estate
                                                    The Kuskovo
                                                    Estate (or Palace)
                                                    was created in full
                                                    conformity with the
                                                    tastes and rules of
                                                    the Russian
                                                    nobility life and art
                                                    of XVIII century. It
                                                    is the composite
                                                    center of the
                                                    “Kuskovo”
                                                    ensemble, one of
                                                    the earliest
     According to the plan of the owner, Count Pyotr Borisovich
                                                    samples of
     Sheremetyev, Kuskovo should be larger and more beautiful
                                                    summer country
     than the manors of other grandees and should compare well
                                                    residences in
     with the imperial residences. The manor was built in the 30-
                                                    Russia.
     90s of the XVIII century, and its territory covered an area of
     more than 300 hectares, including three parks - French
     regular, English landscape and Zaprudny - and a system of
     ponds and channels, small and big architectural park
     ensembles.

     The Arkhangelskoye Estate
     Arkhangelskoye is a remarkable memorial of the Russian art culture of
     the end of the XVIII and the beginning of XIX centuries. It is widely
     famous for the grand beauty of its Palace and Park ensemble and the
     magnificence of its various collections of paintings, drawings,
     sculpture, decorative applied arts and collection of rare books. The
     museum collection of sculpture (VII century b.c. beginning of the XX
     century) is based on the former Yusupov collec




20 tion with the most important types and genres of plastic arts.
  The Ostankino Palace                                             M
The Ostankino Museum is an excellent representative of the
Russian culture of the end of the XVIII century. Originally, a
wooden church of the Life-Giving Trinity was built on that place
in the XVII by the owners of the mansion princes Cherkasskys.
                                                                   us
A stone brick-red cathedral trimmed with white fretted stone
and colored tiles was erected there. In 1743, the mansion          eu
came into the possession of Count Sheremetyev one of the
most educated aristocrats of the XVIII century. He was known
for his great love for art, sciences, literature, and theater.
                                                                   m-
Sheremetyev brought under the same roof a theater, a library,
V. art gallery, an armoury and scientific rooms. Famous
an Brenna, F. Kamporezi, and the serf architects - I. P. Argunov,
architects I. Starov, Dikushin - designed and built the
A. F. Mironov, G. E.
                                                                   C
Palace. The theater, stood in the center of this composition
in the Palace. Performances here were usually followed by
balls. After Sheremetyev
                                                                   ou
                                                                   ntr
                                                                   y
                                                                   Es
died in 1809, life in Ostankino came to a standstill. In the end
of the XIX century, the Palace with the picturesque park
                                                                   tat
became a private museum. Nowadays, the Ostankinsky
Palace is the only Russian and one of the few European
theater buildings of the end of the XVIII century that has not
                                                                   es
                                                                    M
been destroyed. The Palace's carved golden furniture,
sculpture, porcelain, Western European painting, graphics and
                                                                    os
a collection of musical instruments are exhibited in the            co
museum. Concerts of ancient chamber music, opera                    w
performances from the repertoire of the Sheremetyev's era still     R
Address: 5 in the Ostankinsky Theater today.
take placeFirst Ostankinskaya Street/M etro: VDNKh                  us
Opens Wednesday - Sunday 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. from May to
September                                                           si
                                                                    a
        As the spiritual home of
C the Russian Orthodox
    Church, Moscow boasts a
on fascinating religious his-
    tory and an impressive
ve legacy of ecclesiastical
    architecture. The church
M has always played a vital
nt role in Russian society,
on and still does today.
s
                                         The Cathedral
as                                       of Christ the
                                         is a magnificent replica
                                         Savior
                                         of the XIX century

ter                                      church designed by
                                         architect Konstantin
                                         Ton to commemorate

C
ie                                       the Russian victory
                                         over the French in the
                                         Napoleonic War. It was
                                         demolished on Stalin's
s
hu                                       orders in the 1930s, but
                                         rebuilt in the 1990s to
                                         mark the 850th

rc      Danilov Monastery
                                         foundation anniversary
                                         of Moscow.
      was built in the XIII century by

he    Prince Daniil Moskovsky, the
      youngest son of Alexander
      Nevsky, and is believed to be

s     the oldest monastery in
      Moscow. It was only in 1983,
      over 50 years after its closure,
      that the Danilov Monastery was
      returned to the Church and
      became the official residence of
      the Moscow Patriarch and the
      seat of the Holy Synod, which
  22 St. Sergei, just outside
      had previously been housed at
  Moscow. Monastery of
      the Trinity
Andronikov Monastery
is a XIV century monastery that was built on the
steep eastern bank of the Yauza River and was
once the seminary of the famous Russian monk
and icon painter, Andrei Rublyov. For those
enticed by the Andrei Rublyov Museum, the
collection is currently housed in various
buildings in the monastery complex.
The Novodevichy Convent
The New Nunnery (or Maiden) is one of the
most beautiful Moscow convents. The XVI-XVII
centuries complex of 15 buildings surrounded
by golden domes, is one of the oldest religious
complexes in Moscow and serves as graves for
a few highly prominent public and famous cul-
tural figures in the Russian history.




                                                                          .Info
                                                                                  532
                                                                          Orthodox
                                                                          churches
                                                                                      9
                                                   The Donskoi             Monaste-
                                                                           ries and
                                                   Monastery               convents
                                                   was founded in
                                                   the XVI Boris
                                                   century by
                                                   Godunov in honor of         M
                                                   the Donskaya Icon of
                                                   the Mother of God,         os
                                                   which was believed to      co
                                                   have delivered
                                                   Moscow from the
                                                                               w
                                                   repeated attacks of the     R
                                                   Crimean Khanates in        us
                                                   that century.
                                                                             si 23
                                                                             a
      Discover the architectural treasure of the old Moscow. Walk
Ar    down the picturesque streets, where XVII century manors and
      samples of the early XX century architecture stay side by side.
      Pay attention to the cultural heritage of the former Soviet Union
ch    and the most incredible and grandiose projects of the epoch:
      the Russian constructivism of the 1930s is still admired by

ite   architects of the world along with unique skyscrapers of Stalin
      baroque (1950s). Many curious revelations await you at every
      turn. And everyone finds and enjoys his/her personal Moscow:

ct    the village of Ivan the Terrible or the town of Peter the Great,
      the fine XIX or the rash XX centuries.


ur
e
  The Bolshoi Theater




                                           In the 21st
century, the theater continues to attract new lovers
and admirers of ballet and opera, which are the
pride of the Russian art and culture.



                                                                        The
                                                Bolshoi Theater, a master
                                                of Russian classicism, cro
                                                the Theater Square one o
                                                most beautiful squares in
                                                Moscow. The building was
                                                structed in 1824 by Russia
                                                architect Joseph Bove and
                                                restored after the fire of 18
                                                architect Kavoss. The Bols
                                                Theater earned world fam
                                                popularity, thanks to the c
                                                                 M
                                                sical school of Russian ba
The Stanislavsky and                            whose founder was the wo
                                                                 os
                                                famous French choreogra
                                                                 co
Nemirovicyh-Danchenko                           Marius Petipa, who worke
Classical and modern operas, ballets and operettas are staged    w
                                                Russia at the time. Such b
Musical Theater
here. This theater may be less famous than the Bolshoi, but its R
                                                as The Swan Lake, The
performances are generally less expensive, and often, far
                                                Nutcracker, The usSleeping
superior to those of the Bolshoi.
                                                Beauty, Romeo and Juliet
                                                                 si
                                                Spartacus, Don Quichote,
                                                                  a
                                                Bayaderka and Carmen S
                                                have become the treasury
                                                the Russian ballet art. Ove
M The Tchaikovsky
    Conservatory
    Rachmaninoff, Scriabin and Tchaikovsky
    are among the famous composers who
us  had worked here. The acoustics of the
    magnificent Great Hall are superb, and

ic  portraits of the world's great composers
    hang above the high balcony. The
    adjacent Small Hall is usually reserved for

H   chamber music concerts.



all The Tchaikovsky Concert
    Hall                          The Tchaikovsky Concert Hall
s                                 hosts regular concerts by the
                                  Russian State Symphony
                                  Orchestra and many visiting
                                  international orchestras,
                                  ensembles, choirs, soloists and
                                  conductors.




    Moscow International
    Performance Arts Center
                  Moscow International
                                 Performance Arts Center, also
                                 known as the Moscow
                                 International House of Music,
                                 opened its halls to performers
                                 and guests in March 2003. In
                                 December 2004, the biggest
                                 organ in Russia was installed in
                                 the Svetlanov Hall. Guests and
                                 performers of the House of Music
                                 are impressed by the graceful
                                 architecture of this venue.
The city takes the slogan, “sports for all” seriously: it has 96
stadiums, more than 2,500 gyms, 184 swimming pools, 26 ice
rinks, 60 sport shooting centers and about 3,500 sports
grounds. Every year, nearly three million Muscovites take part
in almost 3,000 municipal, regional and international sport
competitions that are carried out in the city.




The Olympic Luzhniki Sports Complex hosted the Opening
and Closing Ceremonies of the XXII Moscow Olympic Games
in 1980. It can accommodate more than 80,000 people at the
same time.




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    New Air Gateways of Moscow




The Vnukovo Airport belongs to the City of Moscow and is
located in its south-western outskirts, 28 kilometers from the
city's center. It is connected with the city by the newly
constructed speedy highway, the special railway connection
and a “light metro” line. Today, a wide range of services is
offered to both passengers and airlines, including round-the-
world passenger, cargo, and business flights. These days, the
airport is going through an active and ambitious growth phase.
An all-encompassing Airport Renovation and Construction
Plan, which is currently underway at the airport with the
backing of the Moscow City Government, is expected to be
completed in 2015. It is aimed at transforming the Vnukovo
International Airport into a highly competitive international hub
and a leading transit hub between Europe and Asia.




Sheremetyevo-2 Domodedovo
International airports with great passenger traffic opportunities.
Railway Stations
                                                                  R
Moscow is served by nine major train stations, welcoming trains from
St. Petersburg and Helsinki, Siberia, Central Asia, Southern Russia,
Eastern Europe and the Baltic States. The city also receives
visitors from all over Russia, Eastern Europe and the Baltic
States at its central bus station, near the VDNKh Metro
                                                                  ail
Station, and has various river terminals.
                                                                  w
                                                                  ay
                                           Aurora. The train to
                                           St. Petersburg from
                                                                  St
                                           the Leningradsky


                                           The
                                           railway station        ati
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                                                                             9


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                                                                    a

                                            n
     Today Moscow is an upcoming industrial megalopolis. The
Ec   Moscow Government is doing its best for business
     development and attracting investments. Results are visible:
     apartment houses, sport facilities, business centers and malls
on   are rising up all over the city. Foreign investments in Moscow
     made in 2006 -near 24 billion US dollars are still growing. In

o    November 2006 Moscow was awarded at the World Fair in
     Munich, Germany, the first place in the world for its business
     and investment attractiveness and was named “the best city of

m    the future”. More and more foreign companies are opening
     their representative offices in the city. In downtown, a huge
     commercial complex, the Moscow City project, with its own
y    subway station, is opening its doors. To get there, one can use
     the modern gallery bridge over the Moscow River. There is
     foreseen a high-speed train service between the
     Sheremetyevo Airport and the commercial complex.
If you are to visit Moscow as a tourist or on business, or you
are planning to meet your partners in Moscow and need
accommodation, you can reserve a hotel of any level - from
                                                                               H
the tourist class to the five-star luxurious hotels. Moscow has
hundreds of hotels. All hotels have their attractive
peculiarities: for instance, such Moscow hotels as the leg-
                                                                               ot
endary Metropol or the splendid Baltschug-Kempinski are
situated at the very center of the city, near the Kremlin and
other interested places. Other hotels such as Radisson
                                                                               el
Slavjanskaya and Ukraina are situated on the bank of the
Moscow River, while Izmailovo Gamma-Delta is located in
one of the most prestigious and ecologically clean areas of
                                                                               s
Moscow. Other Moscow hotels also have their ownBaltschug-
advantages.                                    Kempinski
                                                   Stunning views of the
                                                   *****
                                                   Moskva River, and
                                                   impeccable service in
                                                   the very heart of
                                                   Moscow.




                                                                                         .
                                                                                        Info
                                                                               148
                                                   Metropol *****              hotels
                                                   The legendary Moscow's
                                                   opulence and
                                                   hospitality can be found     M
Radisson                                           at Metropol. Not
                                                   surprisingly, over the
                                                                                os
Slavjanskaya                                       years the Art Nouveau        co
****
                                                   Hotel Metropol has
                                                                                w
                                      Ukraina      housed both political
       Marvel at the panoramic views *** the
                                        and        figures and                  R
       combination of Stalinist architecture and   international celebrities    us
       Renaissance finery                          alike
                                                                                si
                                                                                 a
R          Foreigners usually associate the Russian cuisine with its most
           famous dishes and appetizers: smoked sturgeon (balyk),
           freshly-salted salmon, red, black or pink (white-fish) caviar,
es         pickled mushrooms. And, of course, with the crystal-clear
           Russian vodka, which is a perfect accompaniment to these
           dishes. However, to get a complete picture of the richness of
ta         Russia's national cuisine one has to taste its traditional soups
           and hot dishes: bortsch (thick soup), pelmeny, famous
           pirozhky, not forgetting desserts and sweets (varenye, pet-
ur         shenye) and many other dishes. In fact, this richness in cuisine
           can help to explain one of Russia's many mysteries: the
R
an         legendary warm hospitality of Russians in general.


us
ts
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an
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.Info
ui
           Experience Moscow's many international dining tables.
           With hundreds of restaurants, there is something to satisfy
           everyone's taste - from the traditional Russian
              food to the delicacies of the Far East.
 6,000
si
 restau-
 rants     The Russian people have
           always been gourmets. “The

ne         noted is
           housefor its pies, not for its
           interior,” says a Russian
           proverb.




  32                     www.russiat
                          ourism.ru
                                          Go with a friend
                                          and enjoy yourself
                                          in the night clubs
                                                                E
                                          of Moscow! Many
                                          of the city's bars    nt
                                          and art cafes close
                                          late at night. The
                                          major
                                                                ert
                                                                ai
ity of nightclubs are open
                                                                n
until 6 a.m., making them a
lively refuge for people, who
do not want to sleep. You can
                                                                m
also visit one of modern cine-
ma halls of Moscow.                                             en
Visit the famous Moscow Circus on the Tsvetnoy
Boulevard or the Durov Animal Theater and get an                t
unforgettable impression. The Russian Circus is a unique
phenomenon in the world's history of culture due to its
                                                            The perfect
genre varieties.
day out for the kids! The Moscow Zoo boasts more than 5,000 rare and
exotic animals and birds. Make sure you do not miss the monkey and cat
houses and the fantastic aquariums!



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For good souvenir hunting, you can certainly head straight to
the Stary (Old) Arbat. Stores here cater to tourists and the
Moscow's expatriate community, so you can expect good
selection and service, but prices are on the high end. Its
individual outdoor vendors invariably charge much more than
they should, so stick to the stores. However if you want to
acquire a real piece of art from the traditional Russian culture
you have to contact “Russkye narodnye promysly” (Russian
craftsmen’s works).
Luzhniki
Тr The Moscow Metro
         The Moscow Metro (Subway) was opened on May 15, 1935.
         The stations of the Moscow's subway system have often been
an       called “the people's palaces” for their elegant designs, lavish
         and profuse use of marble, mosaics, sculptures and

sp       chandeliers. The best architects of Moscow worked on the
         metro project. Those wanting to get a glimpse of the best
         interiors of the Moscow Metro should take a look at some of

ort
M        the stations mentioned below (we recommend you to go to the
         Mayakovskaya, Arbatskaya, Belorusskaya, Kievskaya and
         Park Kultury stations).

etr
o

         Moscow Metro          I Komsomolskaya Station
                                                                           .n
         Public Transport
System    In Moscow all types of public transport are available: metro (subwa
 11       bus, trolleybus, tramway. Taxi, as in most countries, is a yellow car
 lines
  172 checkers. There is also the so-called “marchroute taxis” - convenien
stations minibuses circulating all over the capital and reaching its every
corner. Moscow River Cruises. A two-hour
                                     cruise on one of the boats along the
                                     Moscow River is truly a nice way to
                                     spend a hot summer day in the city.
                                     There is an open-air top deck and
                                     an enclosed bottom deck with a
                                     snack bar. You can embark and
                                     disembark from any of the docks
                                     along the way.
 36
RAPID TRANSIT
 SYSTEMS OF
    9

  MOSCOW
M
os
co
w
In
vit
es




       World wide known for its hospitality Moscow wholeheartedly
       opens its doors to all who want to know more about this unique
       city on the crossroads of human civilizations. Being the East of
       the West and the West of the East Moscow is the key to the
       Euro-Asian markets and cooperation. This is why so many
       people are interested in Moscow not only for tourism, but for
 38 Moscow wherewell. It is is impossible, where the life is
       business as nothing here in
 fascinating
                                                               M
and attractive, where people are proud to live in, and a new    os
human community emerged - that of the Muscovites, citizens
and real dedicated friends of Moscow. Be a Muscovite, join
                                                                co
Moscow, make it with all of us the best city the world over. Do w
not hesitate to ask for assistance.                             R
The Government of Moscow and its Department of International    us
Relations are always at your service 39                         si
                                                               a
                       23    Geography People The

C                      45
                       68
                             Government The Mayor The
                             City Duma Administrative
                       10    divisions History The Kremlin
on                     13
                       14
                             The Red Square The Armoury
                             Chamber The Diamond Fund
                       15    Collection The Tretyakov
te                     16
                       17
                             Picture Gallery The Pushkin
                             Museum of Fine Arts Museum-
                       18    Country Estates Churches,
nt                     20
                       22
                             Monasteries, Convents
                             Architecture Theaters Music

s                      24
                       25
                       26
                             Halls Athletic Facilities Airports
                             Railway Stations Economy
                             Hotels Russian Cuisine,
                       27    Restaurants Entertainment
                       28    Souvenirs and Shopping The
                       29    Map of the Moscow centre
                       30    Metro, Transport Rapid Transit
                       31    Systems of Moscow Moscow
         Andrei        32    Invites
                             I.K.Savr                I.E.Re
Alessandro
         Old                 Rooks                  Portrait     of
The      Rublyov       33    asov                   pin
Botticelli
         Testament           arrived.
Annunciation,
 Rembrandt.            34
                       35
                             I Komsomolskaya StationL.N.Tolstoy.
1490 Trinity
 Artaxerxes, Haman,
 and Esther            36
                             1871                   1887
         Moscow.
The Ivan the          The
                       37
Great 1420s  Bell     Tsar
                       38
Tower                 Bell                 The Donskoi
                                           Monastery
complex                                    was founded     in
                                           the XVI


The Portrait           The Great,
of Peter of
Statue the                Minor
Great and
Minin Voskresenskye  ImperialCrown
Pozharsky            s, Sceptre
         (Iverskye) Gate street/ and
  Address: 12 and
Gold bowl 14, VolkhonkaOrb M etro: Kropotkinskaja
belonged to                               The
the40 Pet Tsar        www.russiatouri Yaroslavsk
                           sm.ru       yRailway
Alexei er I                             Station
Mikhailovich

				
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