Competitions Facilitate Real-time Science by prweb

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									Competitions Facilitate Real-time Science
In the age of ubiquitous communications technologies, it's inexplicable that the scientific
literature evolves much as it did one hundred years ago. But perhaps competitions offer an
effective solution. The best entry to a (still running) bioinformatics contest, requiring participants
to pick genetic markers that correlate with a change in the severity of the HIV infection, had
outdone the best methods in the scientific literature within a week and a half.
(PRWEB) July 9, 2010 -- In the age of ubiquitous communications technologies, it's inexplicable that the
scientific literature evolves much as it did one hundred years ago. Competitions offer a promising way forward.

 Kaggle is currently hosting a bioinformatics contest requiring participants to pick genetic markers that correlate
with a change in the severity of the HIV infection. The best entry to this contest had outdone the best methods in
the scientific literature within a week and a half. Whereas the scientific literature tends to evolve slowly
(somebody writes a paper, somebody else tweaks that paper and so on), a competition inspires rapid innovation by
introducing the problem to a wide audience.

 So when this week the headlines announced the discovery of genetic markers that correlate with extreme
longevity — what they missed was that the work took 15 years from beginning to publication. Had the study been
run as a competition, with the raw data available to all, the results would have been generated in real time.
Insights would have been available much sooner and with more precision.

 Moreover, competitions might help to avoid situations in which a valuable technique is overlooked by the
scientific establishment. This aspect of the case for competitions is best illustrated by Ruslan Salakhutdinov, now
a postdoctoral fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who had a new algorithm rejected by the NIPS
conference. According to Ruslan, the reviewer ‘basically said “it’s junk and I am very confident it’s junk”’. It
later turned out that his algorithm was good enough to make him an early leader in the $1m Netflix Prize and
135th overall – a remarkable achievement when you consider that many of the top teams used a suite of models,
making his one of the better performing single algorithms.

 Kaggle is a platform for data prediction competitions. The platform allows researchers and organizations to post
their problem and have it scrutinized by the world's best statisticians.

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Contact Information
Anthony Goldbloom
Kaggle Pty Ltd
http://kaggle.com
+61438400053



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