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					Mobilisation and
Accessibility Planning
for People with
Disabilities



Gary Randall PhD
BMT Ltd

RNIB London May 2006
                                                   Presentation Summary



 Problem/Solution overview
 Introduce Consortium

 Route Planning
 Presenting Local Accessibility Information
 User Interface

 Progress




      MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   2
                                         User Accessibility Issues


• Reliance on car use

• Journey planning – lack of information

• Physical barriers – levels, steps, gradients

• Services – vehicle types, low floor buses, parking

• Confidence/reliability




      MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   3
                                            How will MAPPED help?

MAPPED will address social exclusion issues and
barriers to movement by developing:

    Multi-modal disability specific route planner –
     taking into account individual user’s needs

    Geographically indexed accessibility
     information

    Disabled friendly user interfaces




       MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   4
                                              What will MAPPED do?




 Build on existing journey planners

 Refine current route planning to take into account
  physical barriers and services which are disability
  specific

 Testing in Dublin, Winchester, Barcelona, Genoa



       MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   5
                                                  Expected Outcomes


 Improved confidence in public transport

 Help plan around barriers to mobility

 Enable personalised journey planning

 Provide accurate and credible information

 Help achieve corporate aims


      MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   6
                                                                 What is it?




MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   7
                                                                  Consortium

 Technical Partners
    BMT
    TXT
    MOVIQUITY

 End Users
    CRC
    HCC
                                 HCC




     MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   8
                           British Maritime Technology

 British

    Research & Technology

    Development & Transfer to
     Industry

 Role

    Disability specific routing
     component

    Project Coordinators

 MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   9
                                                    TXT eSolutions

 Italian
    Private mid-sized software vendor
    Supply Chain and Customer
     Management Division
    Media Content Management Division



 Role
    Virtual Points Of Interest (POI)
    Exploitation Managers


 MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   10
                                                         MOVIQUITY

 Spanish
    Mobile Application Services Developer
    IP solutions engineering company

 Role
    Mobile Interface design




MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   11
                                       Central Remedial Clinic

 Irish
    Largest Irish provider of services for the
     treatment, rehabilitation, training and
     management of congenitally physically
     handicapped people
    Provides advanced assistive technology
     (A.T.) assessment, recommendation and
     support service

 Role
    Specifying user requirements
    Evaluation of system

    MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   12
                             Hampshire County Council

 British
    1.2 Million people
    3 cities
    At the forefront of intelligent
     transport systems

 Role
    User requirements
    Travel and accessibility information
    Lead the 2 trials


MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   13
                                                                             The Solution

 Multimodal route planner for specific routing
  information and reservation services
 Geographically indexed local accessibility
  information
 Disabled friendly mobile user interface




                                               User arrives at destination
 User is guided by the                                                                   Web servers
 mobile system to the
 nearest PT access
 point



                                         User is guided along the PT
                                         route by the mobile system




               MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755     14
                                            Implementation Plan
Disability specific routing: i.e. routing + accessibility
    -> Requires new routing algorithms
    Maps will need to be augmented (at the outset and
    dynamically)
    Reservation of accessibility services.
    BMT will lead these tasks

Virtual Points Of Interest for accessibility information:
    -> Provides timely location specific data
    Users receive a list of POI in their vicinity providing
    information relevant to their disability.
    TXT will lead these tasks

Interfaces:
    -> to be as useful to as many people as possible.
    User profiles
    MOVIQUITY will lead these tasks
     MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   15
                                               MAPPED Architecture

 .. A much simplified outline
                                                      Mapping
                                                       Server
                              Private
                             Transport
                                                                           Highway
                               Router
                                                   Street                Accessibility
                                                 Transport                    dB
                                                   Router
                                                                             Public
                       Combined                                           Transport dB
                                                    Public
                        Routing
                                                  Transport
                         Server
                                                   Router                   Vehicle
                                                                          Accessibility
                                                                              dB
                                                 Terminal
                                                Accessibility              Destination
                        Virtual POI                 dB                    Accessibility
                          Server                                               dB


      MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   16
                              MAPPED POI server architecture

 Server Side:                                                     Local          POI                      POI
                                                                   Cache     Seaching Module             front-end
                                                                                                         Database

    Java2EE application for
      computing and caching
      POI in the user region                                    POI
                                                              Managment
                                                                             Positioning Area
                                                                             Resolve Module
    POI Database populated                                    Module

      and maintained by a
      Content Management                                                      Communication
      System
                                                                POI
                                                          Shrinking Module       Module



                                                                                                Server Side

 Client side:
    thick Java2ME client
                                                      Positioning Module
                                                             (GPS &          Communication
      running on PDA                                   Magnetometer,
                                                           Bluetooth)
                                                                                Module

      connected through
      Remote Method                                       Positioning

      Invocation (RMI)                                     Accuracy
                                                         Management
                                                                               Anchoring
                                                                                Module
                                                                                                               Local
                                                                                                               Cache

    Detailed POI information
                                                            Module
                                       PDA

      accessed by web
      browser (HTTP requests
                                                        User Interface
                                                        Connetted with
                                                                                                               User

      of POI URLs)
                                                        Web Browser
                                                                                                               Profile



                                                                                           Client Side


          MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755                            17
                                      Multi-modal route planner

 Supporting journey planning with all the
  necessary information and related services:

   Street navigation routing
   Public transport routing
   Private transport routing
   Allows booking of the necessary services at the
    appropriate points
   Announcements of which stops have been
    reached



      MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   18
                                                 Routing Algorithm
 Public Transport Routing
    Calculates the optimum combination of several public
     transport services to get a user from close to A to close
     to B ( i.e. Dublin uses bus, train & tram)
    Accessibility information included

 Street Navigation Routing
    Gets the user to the entry point to the public transport
     system, or from one stage of the public transport
     journey to the next stage (e.g. from the train station to
     the bus stop) and to their final destination.
    Accessibility information included

 Private Transport Routing
    Use 3rd party road maps (newest maps, real-time
     traffic sensitivity)
    Routes calculated remotely and not on the client

     MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   19
                             Extra Information for Route Planning

   Gradients
   Levels
   Dropped kerbs
   The state of buildings, especially their entrances and access
    paths, lift access etc
   The type of bus shelter, including whether it is lit, seated,
    covered etc
   Public transport interchanges and their accessibility
   Car parking information, cost, hours, number of disabled
    spaces etc
   Local shop/restaurant/facilities information, including
    ramped entrances, doorway widths, disability trained staff
    etc
   Taxi rank locations and whether they can take wheelchairs
    etc


        MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   20
                                                Map Augmentation
 Maps are largely devised for the Motorist!
   Omissions and mistakes exist
   Alleyways, pavements, steps, gradient info etc

 Navteq/TeleAtlas are slow to update maps
                           ( > 2 year cycle?)

 Map providers have little motive to include all pedestrian
  related information
  -> this is obviously essential to produce effective street
  navigation for disabled users

 MAPPED will provide a mechanism to augment the
  existing maps to include the information we need



     MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   21
                                                  Map Augmentation
  Two methods
 1.      the supplier meticulously works through offline maps to extract
  all of the information which is considered relevant.
     Expensive
     Regular updates

 2.     the system allows for the maps to be augmented by users, or
  subsets of the users as they encounter situations which are relevant to
  their disabilities.
     Slower
     Adapt immediately to accessibility problems and solutions
  MAPPED intends to use a combination of both approaches
     augmenting the maps at installation with whatever gradient,
      pedestrian crossing, and presence of steps information that can
      be found
  User augmentation will be web based and will allow the addition or the
  editing of existing map information.
     The user will submit an alteration, it will be validated, and the
      map will be updated.


       MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   22
                          Accessibility - State of the Art

 Current services (Die Bahn rail planner,
  Netherlands 9292, Transport for London
  Journey Planner, PEPTRAN, 5T journey planner
  in Turin, Traveline) do not consider
  accessibility information in the calculation of
  routes.

 MAPPED will explicitly include accessibility
  information in the calculation of routes and
  will present this data via Virtual POI



    MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   23
                               Local accessibility in MAPPED

 Providing ‘real-time’ location accessibility
  information:

    When the user needs the information in place
     to access a location
    When the user needs to change the originally
     selected location
    By identifying current user location and
     direction of movement
    Filtering POI information depending on user
     interests and disability


      MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   24
                                        Virtual Points Of Interest


 Virtual POI create a hyperlink between a physical entity and a Web
  resource,
  This enables a user with a wireless device to access services
  associated with physical objects or locations
 Deploying physical bridging devices (e.g. beacons) raises scalability
  issues
     periodic maintenance - batteries run out
     the beacons must be reconfigured if content changes
 Virtual POI use a simple form of augmented reality.
     using a web-enabled wireless device, bespoke software, a GPS
      receiver, and a digital compass to visualize services for physical
      entities.
 Instead or receiving information directly from a physical sign, our
  system will simply query a geographical database of virtual POI to
  determine what POI would be visible/accessible if they had been
  actual physical entities


         MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   25
                                Virtual Points of Interest




MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   26
                             Accessibility Service Booking
 An excursion may depend on being able to book some
  form of accessibility service,
   e.g. transport employee available to assist with
                                 (dis)embarkment
   e.g. shopping centre has a assistant available

 MAPPED will incorporate a reservation system into the
  routing calculations.
   the service will attempt to book the necessary
     services at the appropriate points in the excursion

   will act in real-time where automated booking
    services exist or else via messaging (email, SMS)



     MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   27
                                  Disabled friendly user interface

 The terminal is built around standard equipment
  (PDA, Smart phone), GPS and a Digital compass
    Speech output
 External device to comply with the users
  requirement, (e.g. Braille keyboard , hearing aid)




                      Bluetooth




                                     GPRS




      MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   28
                                        Flexible configuration




MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   29
                                                                     User Types

 Wheelchair user (spinal injury):
  Input – PDA touch screen with a stylus, buttons, keyboard
  Output – PDA display + loudspeaker

 Blind and low vision:
  Input - PDA buttons, keyboard
  Output - loudspeaker

 Deaf:
  Input - PDA touch screen with a stylus, buttons, keyboard
  Output - PDA display

 Cerebral palsy:
  Input – joystick/switch. On-screen virtual keyboard
  Output – PDA display + loudspeaker


       MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   30
                                                                         Development Approach
 Phase 1: Prototype Specification, Development,
  Integration, Testing and Evalution (Sept 2004 –
  Sept 2006)
 Phase 2: Final Prototype Revised Specification,
  Development, Integration, Testing and Evalution
  (Aug 2007)                                          WP1
                                               User Requirements




                                       WP2                        WP5
                             Prototypes Specifications    Revised Specifications


                                                                                                     WP8
                                                                                                    Project
                                                                                                 Management
                             WP3                                               WP6                     &
                   1st Protype Development                         Final Prototype Development    Explotation
                                                                                                      and
                                                                                                 Dissemination


                                WP4
                                                                     WP7
                      1st Prototype Integration,
                                                         Final Prototype Integration,
                         Testing & Evalution
                                                             Testing & Evalution




     MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755                             31
                                                       PDA screenshots


Main Menu                                        Configuration




MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   32
                                                       PDA screenshots


Street Entry                                       Map Display




MAPPED receives funding from the European Commission’s IST Programme IST 511755   33
The End

				
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