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					    Powering our everyday lives:

               Why the lights still work in my
                         apartment
                      Presented by: Aaron Jackson




November 8, 2006                   Energy Club
                     University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
                                                                     Outline

Energy from the grid                      Technology: What technology is available?
                                          What is being developed?

                                          Buisness: Who are the big players?
Energy off of the grid
                                          What is the outlook?

                                          Policy: What is being funded?
How we can conserve energy                What initiatives are being enacted?




November 8, 2006                       Energy Club
                         University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
―When I give talks about energy, the audience
  already knows about the problems. That's not
  what they've come to hear. So I don't talk about
  problems, only solutions. But after a while,
  during the question period, someone in the back
  will get up and give a long riff about all the bad
  things that are happening—most of which are
  basically true. There's only one way I've found to
  deal with that. After this person calms down, I
  gently ask whether feeling that way makes him
  more effective.‖
-Amory Lovins as told to Cal Fussman. ―The Energizer‖. Discover. Feb
  2006




November 8, 2006                  Energy Club
                    University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
                                                                        Grid Power
                                                                     Nationwide Sources




                   Energy Information Administration:
                     Annual Energy Review 2005
                                                                            http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/figes1.html
                                             Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, "Annual Electric Generator Report."


November 8, 2006                     Energy Club
                       University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
                                                           Grid Power
                                                               Local Sources




November 8, 2006                 Energy Club
                   University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
Policy                                   Excelon
                                     (ComEd, Chicago)
                                                               Grid Power
Many states now
                                       Clinton Power
                                                                                            Local
have laws that
offers consumers                      Station (Nuclear)
competitive choices
for where they get
their energy.
                                                                     Abbott Power Plant
Illinois passed the
                                                                         Coal Powered,
―Illinois Electric
                               Ameren                                   University Owned
Service Customer
Choice and Rate        Champaign: AmerenIP:
Relief Law‖ in 1997.
                          (70% electricity
Only the generation    contracted to Dynegy)
(as opposed to the
transmission or
                                                               •Ameren: http://www.ameren.com/
distribution) is                                               •Dynegy: http://www.dynegy.com/
competitive.                                                   •Illinois Commerce Commision:
                                                                 http://www.icc.illinois.gov/en/electricity.aspx



    November 8, 2006                 Energy Club
                       University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
                                                           Grid Power
                                                               New Technologies
                                                           Woody, T. ―Tower of Power‖. Buisness 2.0 Aug.2006 7 no 7

500-3000 MW
• GeoThermal
• Wind Power
• Biomass
• Solar Power
• Nuclear Power
• Tidal
• Further Development of
  Fossil Fuel Technologies
                                               Currently, 50 MW Models being designed.
                                                    Final is expected to be 200 MW

November 8, 2006                 Energy Club
                   University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
                                                           Grid Power
                                                               New Technologies

500-3000 MW
• GeoThermal
• Wind Power
• Biomass
• Solar Power
• Nuclear Power
• Tidal
• Further Development of
  Fossil Fuel Technologies
• Further Development of
  Fossil Fuel Technologies                     Currently, 50 MW Models being designed.
                                                    Final is expected to be 200 MW

November 8, 2006                 Energy Club
                   University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
                                                   Off of the Grid
                                                               Importance

• Amory Lovins:
     – Power stations were, initially, less reliable than
       the grid: build more power stations to back each
       other up.
     – Now, the power stations are more reliable than the
       grid: 99% of our power failures originate from the
       grid.
     – In order to have reliable power, it needs to be made
       closer to the customer: decentralized low- or no-
       carbon generators can be greater in capacity than
       nuclear power plants
November 8, 2006                 Energy Club
                   University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
                                                      Off of the Grid
                                                                                  Initial Costs

                   • Fuel Cells
                     – ~$500-800/kW
                     – Goal of $100/kW
                   • Solar Cells
                     – $6.50/W ($6500/kW)
                   • Fossil Fuels
                     – ~$100/kW
                                                   •Fuel Cell: http://www.rmi.org/sitepages/pid424.php
                                                   •Solar Cell: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photovoltaics
                                                   •Diesel:
                                                    http://www.buyerzone.com/facilities/generators/buyers_guide7.html

November 8, 2006                    Energy Club
                      University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
                                              Saving Energy
“AMORY LOVINS is a physicist, economist,
  inventor, automobile designer, consultant to 18
  heads of state, author of 29 books, and
  cofounder of Rocky Mountain Institute, an
  environmental think tank. most of all, he's a man
  who takes pride in saving energy. The electricity
  bill at his 4,000-square-foot home in Old
  Snowmass, Colorado, is five dollars a month,
  and he's convinced he can do the same for all of
  us.‖
-‖The Energizer‖. Discover Feb 2006

November 8, 2006                  Energy Club
                    University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
          Cost per thousand lumens ($)   60                                                                                          Saving Energy
                                         50
                                                                                                                                            What can we do?
                                         40                                                         60

                                         30                                                         50

                                         20




                                                                                      Lumens/Watt
                                                                                                    40
                                         10
                                                                                                    30                                                         40000

                                         0                                                                                                                     35000
                                                                          LED

                                                                                                    20
                                              Incadescent




                                                            Flourescent
                                                              Compact




                                                                                                                                                               30000




                                                                                                                                            Lifetime (hours)
                                                                                                    10                                                         25000

                                                                                                                                                               20000
                                                                                                    0




                                                                                                                                      LED
                                                                                                         Incadescent




                                                                                                                       Flourescent
                                                                                                                                                               15000




                                                                                                                         Compact
                                                                                                                                                               10000

                                                                                                                                                                5000

                                                                                                                                                                   0

               Example: Lighting…




                                                                                                                                                                                                   LED
                                                                                                                                                                       Incadescent



                                                                                                                                                                                     Flourescent
                                                                                                                                                                                       Compact
        Lighting uses the most electricity
http://www.netl.doe.gov/ssl/faqs.htm


        November 8, 2006                                                                      Energy Club
                                                                                University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
                                                  Saving Energy
                                                                Energy Star

• Started in 1992, this
  is a voluntary labeling
  program
• Saved $12 Billion for
  utility bills in 2005




 November 8, 2006                 Energy Club
                    University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
November 8, 2006                 Energy Club
                   University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
                                                               Future
                                       Department of Energy Budget




November 8, 2006                 Energy Club
                   University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801
                                                               Discussion
Energy from the grid                      Technology: What technology is available?
                                          What is being developed?

                                          Buisness: Who are the big players?
Energy off of the grid
                                          What is the outlook?

                                          Policy: What is being funded?
How we can conserve energy                What initiatives are being enacted?

• How should competition for electricity be handled?
• Should we consider distributed as opposed to
  centralized power?
• Can we achieve Amory’s $5/Month Electricity bill?


November 8, 2006                       Energy Club
                         University of Illinois ● Urbana, IL 61801

				
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