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									         Teacher Quality Partnership:
        Meeting the Teacher Education
          Accountability Challenge


Symposium on Mathematics and Science Teaching and Learning
  Centers of Excellence for Mathematics and Science Teaching

                  Friday, October 19, 2007
        Presenter:

 Dr. William E. Loadman
The Ohio State University

Graduate Follow-up Study
   Project Investigator
        Factors and Forces Leading to TQP

• Higher Education Act
    – Title II Report on Teacher Quality
• Ohio Report Card Task Force
    – OCTEO Focus Groups
• Decision to research indicators of quality teacher preparation
  programs, including graduates’ ability to facilitate student learning.
• Ohio’s Standards-based Curriculum Aligned with Required
  Statewide Grade Level Exams
• Desire to increase the ability of P-12 students to pass grade level
  exams
• Value-added Assessment and Structural Equation Modeling
                      What is the
              Teacher Quality Partnership?



TQP is a unique collaboration of all 50 Ohio teacher preparation
   institutions and other education stakeholders studying the
     impact of teacher education on the performance of our
   graduates. Now in year five of a seven year multi-method
                        research project.
             Stakeholders and Participants
• 50 Ohio Teacher Preparation Institutions
• Faculty
   – Principal Investigators
   – Research Design Teams
   – Field Researchers
• Ohio Advisory Board
• External Audit Panel
• District Partners
• Battelle for Kids (Liaison to SAS)
Institutional Representatives   Qualitative Researchers             Research Design Team




                                                          Cincinnati Christian University
                      Survey Data Collection History and Plans

                           TQP Preservice Teacher Survey
                           TQP Inservice Teacher Survey

              FY 2004       FY 2005       FY 2006       FY 2007       FY 2008
’03-‘04      Pre-service   In-service    In-service    In-service    In-service
Cohort I     Hard copy      HC/Web          Web           Web           Web
              N=1541        N=1049         N=565        N = 255

 ’04-‘05                   Pre-service   In-service    In-service    In-service
Cohort II                      HC         HC/Web          Web           Web
                            N=4904        N=1208        N = 631

 ’05-‘06                                 Pre-service   In-service    In-service
Cohort III                                HC/Web        HC/Web          Web
                                          N=5219        N =1159

 ’06-‘07                                               Pre-service   In-service
Cohort IV                                               HC/Web        HC/Web
                                                        N = 5306

 ’07-‘08                                                             Pre-service
Cohort V                                                              HC/Web
                            Purposes of TQP

• Link quality learning to quality instruction to quality teachers
  to quality teacher preparation.
• Identify characteristics, attributes, and behaviors of teachers
  whose students make more academic progress than
  expected.
• Compare traditionally prepared and Alternative Educator
  License teachers on measures of student achievement.
• Suggest policy reforms likely to improve the quality of Ohio
  teacher education graduates.
• Contribute to the knowledge base on quality teaching and
  quality teacher education.
• Improve the learning of P-12 students through more effective
  teachers.
                    TQP Research Questions

1. Do variables of teacher background, initial preparation, and on-
   going professional learning relate to teacher practices, student
   learning and achievement?
2. How do specific elements of teacher preparation and aspects of
   school contexts impact novice teachers’ development during their
   first three years of teaching?
3. Do high value-adding teachers (HVATs) have characteristics,
   instructional practices, and understandings that differ from other
   teachers along the value-added continuum?
4. What specific school contexts are associated with HVA novice and
   experienced teachers?
Examples of extraordinary range of Middle
Childhood (4-9) Mathematics preparation



          In a “well-aligned” State:

          • Praxis III
          • NCATE requirements for all Units
          • K12 Standards / assessments
             Content / Pedagogy
           (methods) Preparation:


• 9 (semester) hours math content with 9 hours
  math methods…
• 27-hour math major from A&S, with no math-
  specific methods courses…
• And many combinations in between.
                      Graduate Surveys


•   Instrument development
•   Ensuring the quality of the data
•   Establishing the data base
•   Demographic data
•   Survey data
•   Reporting/Dissemination of data
•   Use of data
                Establishing the Data Base
•   Demographic datasets
•   Survey Data Responses
    –   Data Already Collected
    –   2006-2007 Data Collection
    –   Future Data
•   ODE Praxis II and III
•   Institution program of study
•   Value added scores
                    Instrument Development

•   Preservice, Inservice and AEL survey
•   Resources
•   Item and Subscale Development
•   Pilot Testing
•   Hard-Copy and Web based
                  Preservice Survey Variables

• Program characteristics
   – Coherence,
   – Quality, …
• Teacher Preparation
   –   Reading/Writing,
   –   Mathematics,
   –   Diversity,
   –   Assessment, …
• Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy
• Instructional Orientation
• Teachers’ Concerns
                     Demographic Data
•   Date of Birth
•   Gender
•   Ethnicity
•   Grade Point Average
•   Praxis I Reading, Writing, Mathematics
•   Praxis II Specialty Exam(s), PLT
•   Praxis III (in Entry Year Program)
    – Domains A, B, C, D and Composite
•   Licensure Area
•   High School Name
•   High School Rank
•   Graduate/Undergraduate Status
                        Cohort 4 Composite Student
                          Teacher Demographics
Content Area            Teacher Candidate Characteristic                          Min         Max         N           Mean           S.D.


                                     Candidate's Age                       20        60           6575              26.12            6.33

                                     ACT                                    7        35           4273              22.61            3.79
     Teacher Characteristics
                                     SAT
                                                                           580      1580          1517          1082.10             152.78

                                     Grade Point Average                   1.43         4         5637              3.51             0.35




                         Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades K-6                    135     199       173          175.54    10.33
Praxis II: PLT Scores
                         Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 5-9                    141     199       745          175.32    8.27
                                                          Cohort 4 ACT Scores
    25


                                                                                                                     22.61

                                                                         21.4
                             21

    20




    15




    10




     5




     0
                           National                                      State                               Ohio TQP Completer

ACT State and National Information: http://www.act.org/news/data/00/00states.html AND http:/act.org/news/data/00/tsum.html
N for Ohio TQP completer = 4273
                                             Ohio TQP Academic Year 2007
                                        Demographic Data: Percentage by Ethnicity
100.0
                                                                                                                                                      96.4
                                                                                                                                          92.5 93.3               92.6

 90.0
                                                                                                                                                                         85


 80.0                                                                                                                                                        77



 70.0




 60.0




 50.0




 40.0




 30.0




 20.0                                                     17



 10.0                                                                7
                                                               6.7
                                                                                                                                      5
                                        2.9   2.9                                                    2                      2
        0.6   0.3                   1               1.0                  0.6   0.3         1   0.2       1.0   1.0   1.0        0.4
                    0   0      0                                                     0
  0.0
          American Indian/Alaskan         Black/African American                Asian American                       Hispanic                         Caucasian

  Ohio TQP Completer Profile       Ohio TQP Preservice Seeking Math Licensure            Ohio TQP Inservice Math Licensed       Ohio Student Profile (K-12)        Ohio Teach



N for Ohio TQP Teacher Completers = 6,568, N for Ohio TQP Preservice Math Teachers = 752;
N for Ohio TQP Inservice =194
                                    2007 Cohort 4 Gender for Teachers
                                    Seeking Licensure (Preservice) and
                                        Math Teachers (Inservice)
100.00



 90.00



 80.00
                                                                            74.49

                  69.95
 70.00



 60.00



 50.00



 40.00


                                    29.66
 30.00
                                                                                               25.00


 20.00



 10.00



  0.00
         Preservice Teachers Seeking a Math License                   Inservice Teachers with a Math License

                                                      Female   Male
                       ALL STUDENT TEACHERS
                                                                 Preservice Survey:
                        N      Mean
                                           Std.
                                         Deviation
                                                            Preparation to Teach Math
Cohort I (2003-04)     1,475    3.26       1.19
Cohort II (2004-05)    4,778    3.24       1.17
Cohort III (2005-06)   5,037    3.27       1.18
Cohort IV (2006-07)    5,206    3.30       1.20


                                                            STUDENT TEACHERS
                         STUDENT TEACHERS                      SEEKING MIDDLE            STUDENT TEACHERS
                             SEEKING MATH                       SCHOOL MATH                  SEEKING HIGH
                              LICENSURE                          LICENSURE                   SCHOOL MATH
                                           Std.                           Std.                            Std.
                        N      Mean      Deviation     N       Mean     Deviation      N       Mean     Deviation
Cohort I (2003-04)     211      3.80       1.18       122      4.09       0.86        102      3.48         1.41
Cohort II (2004-05)    593      4.18       0.85       364      4.20       0.76        231      4.16         0.98
Cohort III (2005-06)   665      4.20       0.81       437      4.15       0.79        235      4.30         0.84
Cohort IV (2006-07)    757      4.21       0.86       495      4.11       0.86        266      4.42         0.81

* All items within this subscale are on a 5-point scale ranging from 1 "Strongly Disagree" to 5 "Strongly Agree".
** Please note that the Middle School and High School Ns will not sum to the composite for Math licensure
because some educators are licensed in both.
                                                                Preservice Survey:
                                                             Preparation to Teach Math
   5




                                                                                                                                4.42
                                                                                                                         4.3
                                               4.18    4.2    4.21               4.2
                                                                                        4.15                     4.16
                                                                         4.09                  4.11

   4
                                         3.8


                                                                                                          3.48

         3.26            3.27    3.3
                 3.24


   3




   2




   1
                  All Teachers         Student Teachers seeking math   Student Teachers seeking Middle   Student Teachers seeking high
                                                 licensure                  School Math Licensure            school math licensure

                Cohort I (2003-04)         Cohort II (2004-05)            Cohort III (2005-06)             Cohort IV (2006-07)

* Mathematics subscales are on a 5-point scale: 1 = Not at All; 5 = Very Well
                                                                 Inservice Math Subscale Means
                                                                     by Licensure by Cohort
5




                                                                                                                                                                           4.26          4.25
                                                                 4.2
                                                                              4.15
                       4.05                               4.05                                                                                        4.07          4.03
                                                                                                                                 4.01
4                                           3.89
                 3.8                                                                                                      3.76
                                     3.65
                                                                                                                                               3.54
                                                                                                                   3.43                                      3.46                 3.46
           3.4                                     3.41                3.37

                              3.17                                                                                                      3.19

3                                                                                                           2.93
    2.88




2




1
            Not Licensed                                  Licensed                                                   Not licensed                                   Licensed
                                                          Cohort 1                                                                              Cohort 2

                 PREPARATION TO TEACH MATH                                    TRADITIONAL MATHEMATICS ORIENTATION     REFORM MATHEMATICS ORIENTATION
                 MATHEMATICS ACTIVITIES                                       STUDENT ACTIVITIES IN MATHEMATICS       MATHEMATICS KNOWLEDGE
                                                                    Inservice Survey:
                                                                  Mathematics Subscales
            All Inservice Respondents (Cohorts I and II)

                              N         Mean        Std. Deviation                                          N      Mean   Std. Deviation

PREPARATION TO TEACH                                                   Cohort I    PREPARATION TO TEACH
                                                                                                           1,013   3.04       1.12
      MATH                  2,185        3.08              1.11                          MATH

                                                                                   TRADITIONAL
TRADITIONAL
       MATHEMATICS          1,004        3.42              0.71                           MATHEMATICS      443     3.40       0.72
                                                                                          ORIENTATION
       ORIENTATION
                                                                                   REFORM MATHEMATICS
REFORM MATHEMATICS
                             994         3.86              0.66                          ORIENTATION       440     3.88       0.66
      ORIENTATION
                                                                                   MATHEMATICS
MATHEMATICS ACTIVITIES       995         4.09              0.55                         ACTIVITIES         439     4.09       0.53
STUDENT ACTIVITIES IN                                                              STUDENT ACTIVITIES IN
      MATHEMATICS            995         3.25              0.66                          MATHEMATICS       438     3.23       0.66
MATHEMATICS                                                                        MATHEMATICS
     KNOWLEDGE
                             931         3.78              0.68                         KNOWLEDGE          449     3.80       0.68

                                                                       Cohort II   PREPARATION TO TEACH
                                                                                                           1,172   3.11       1.10
                                                                                         MATH

                                                                                   TRADITIONAL
                                                                                          MATHEMATICS      561     3.44       0.70
                                                                                          ORIENTATION

                                                                                   REFORM MATHEMATICS
                                                                                         ORIENTATION       554     3.84       0.66
                                                                                   MATHEMATICS
                                                                                        ACTIVITIES
                                                                                                           556     4.08       0.56
                                                                                   STUDENT ACTIVITIES IN
                                                                                         MATHEMATICS
                                                                                                           557     3.27       0.67
                                                                                   MATHEMATICS
                                                                                        KNOWLEDGE          482     3.77       0.68


 * All items within the Mathematics subscales are on a 5-point scale.

 ** Please note that the Middle School and High School Ns will not sum to the composite for Math licensure because some
 educators are licensed in both.
                                                   Inservice Math Subscale Means by
                                                               Licensure
                           Cohort I                                                        Cohort II
                                                     Std.                                                       Std.
                                      N     Mean
                                                   Deviation                                      N    Mean   Deviation
           PREPARATION TO TEACH                                           PREPARATION TO
           MATH
                                      846   2.88     1.11                                        985   2.93     1.07
                                                                          TEACH MATH

           TRADITIONAL                                                    TRADITIONAL
           MATHEMATICS                308   3.40     0.75                 MATHEMATICS            405   3.43     0.69
           ORIENTATION                                                    ORIENTATION

                                                                          REFORM
           REFORM MATHEMATICS
Not                                   305   3.80     0.69      Not        MATHEMATICS            399   3.76     0.70
           ORIENTATION
licensed                                                       licensed   ORIENTATION
in Math                                                        in Math
                                                                          MATHEMATICS
           MATHEMATICS ACTIVITIES     304   4.05     0.58                                        400   4.01     0.60
                                                                          ACTIVITIES

           STUDENT ACTIVITIES IN                                          STUDENT ACTIVITIES
           MATHEMATICS
                                      303   3.17     0.72                                        402   3.19     0.72
                                                                          IN MATHEMATICS

                                                                          MATHEMATICS
           MATHEMATICS KNOWLEDGE      314   3.65     0.69                                        327   3.54     0.64
                                                                          KNOWLEDGE

           PREPARATION TO TEACH                                           PREPARATION TO
           MATH
                                      164   3.89     0.78                                        187   4.07     0.71
                                                                          TEACH MATH

           TRADITIONAL                                                    TRADITIONAL
           MATHEMATICS                134   3.41     0.65                 MATHEMATICS            156   3.46     0.71
           ORIENTATION                                                    ORIENTATION

                                                                          REFORM
           REFORM MATHEMATICS
                                      134   4.05     0.56                 MATHEMATICS            155   4.03     0.50
Licensed   ORIENTATION                                         Licensed
                                                                          ORIENTATION
in Math                                                        in Math
                                                                          MATHEMATICS
           MATHEMATICS ACTIVITIES     134   4.20     0.38                                        156   4.26     0.37
                                                                          ACTIVITIES

           STUDENT ACTIVITIES IN                                          STUDENT ACTIVITIES
           MATHEMATICS
                                      134   3.37     0.47                                        155   3.46     0.45
                                                                          IN MATHEMATICS

                                                                          MATHEMATICS
           MATHEMATICS KNOWLEDGE      134   4.15     0.51                                        155   4.25     0.49
                                                                          KNOWLEDGE
                                                               Preparation to Teach Mathematics
                                                            Preservice Cohort 4 & Inservice Cohort 3
 5

                                                           4.42
4.5                         4.21
                                            4.11                                                                              4.11
                                                                                              4                  3.93
 4


3.5        3.3                                                             3.24

 3
      N =5243          N =757           N =495          N =266          N =1069         N =185            N =121           N =67

2.5

 2


1.5

  1
      All Preservice   Middle and AYA   Middle School    AYA Math       All Inservice   Middle and AYA    Middle School    AYA Math
        Teachers       Math Licensed      Math Arts      Licensed        Teachers       Math Licensed          Math Arts    Licensed
                                          Licensed                                                             Licensed

                                         Preservice                                                Inservice

Note: Sample sizes for Middle and AYA licensure categories do not add to the combined Middle and AYA
licensure category because some people reported seeking or are licensed in both middle school and AYA.
Scales are Measured on a 5 point scale: 1 = Not at all; 5 = Very Well. Fifteen items comprise this subscale.
                         Reporting and
                     Dissemination of Data
• Roll out of OCTEO by institution
• Results by district
• Annual Reports
   – Preservice statewide and institutional
   – Inservice statewide, district, and institutional
• Technical Reports
• Policy Briefs
• State and national conference presentations
• Journal articles
                    Third Annual Ohio Report


• Statistical analysis by item and subscale:
   – Cohorts I and II, Preservice and Inservice
   – Cohort I through III, Preservice
• Companion report given to each IHE
• Companion report given to each district where 5 or
  more teachers responded
• Annual reports through fall of 2009
• Annual technical reports will be posted on the TQP
  website
                           Use of Data


• Reports to institutions are being used as part of unit
  and program annual reviews
• Findings are likely to impact:
   –   Teacher Education program entrance and exit criteria
   –   Teacher preparation curriculum and field experiences
   –   Entry Year Programs
   –   Professional development programs
   –   District hiring practices
   –   Learning opportunities of PK-12 students
                             Challenges
• Financial Resources
    – Ohio stakeholders such as ODE/OBR
    – Ohio foundations and corporations
    – Government agencies
    – National foundations and corporations
• Buy-in by teacher preparation institutions
• Collaboration - researchers from 11 IHEs
• Value-added scores at teacher level
• Connections to similar studies
• Political risks of institutions and districts
• Support from Ohio education and governmental stakeholders
                       The Opportunity


• Meeting the Teacher Education Accountability
  Challenge
  – Through new partnerships
  – Using new research tools
  – Comparing state and national data
  – Linking quality learning to quality instruction to quality
    teachers and teacher preparation

								
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