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Allah's Servants, Angels in Islam

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It maybe surprising to some but the idea of angels isn't exactly unique to the Christian religious tradition. That wouldn't surprise religious scholars, of course. They know that Islam and Judaism share the same roots and those roots have some pretty noticeable appearances by angels. Islam's angels, however, are significantly different from their Christian and Jewish cousins.

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									Allah's Servants: Angels in Islam

It maybe surprising to some but the idea of angels isn't exactly unique
to the Christian religious tradition. That wouldn't surprise religious
scholars, of course. They know that Islam and Judaism share the same
roots and those roots have some pretty noticeable appearances by angels.
Islam's angels, however, are significantly different from their Christian
and Jewish cousins.

Islamic angelic tradition is pretty sparse. This is because, unlike
Christian and Jewish religious scholars, Islamic theologians do not
consider the study of angels as an important topic. In their opinion, if
the Qu'ran does not directly talk about a particular subject, there's no
need to study it. Of course, there's a hierarchy, but they are of the
belief that it's none of their business. Why worry about something that's
not broken after all? Besides, angels have no free will - they do
everything that God commands, their supernatural powers focused on their
goal.

There are, of course, several angels named in Islamic tradition, each
accorded their duties by God. Some of them are actually quite familiar.
Jibril is Gabriel, transliterated to Arabic, of course. His job is to be
God's voice to his prophets. He was the one who delivered the Qu'ran in
its entirety to the prophet Muhammad and this has made him a pretty
honored angel. Another familiar angel is Mikaaiyl or Michael as we know
him.

Instead of being Heaven's general, in Islam, he is the angel of mercy,
dispenser of rain, a very big thing when you're living in the desert.
He's also in charge of the just reward of virtuous people, a long way
from the demon slayer of Christian tradition. The name Israfil sounds
unfamiliar, but just take out that initial "is" and you get Raphael. He's
got the dubious honor of blowing his trumpet that ends the world on
Judgement Day.

Of course, there are some original angels among the bunch named in the
Qu'ran and in the Hadith, the oral stories about Muhammad. Probably the
most famous is Malak al Maut, the Angel of Death, though popular
tradition calls him Azrael, which is strange considering he isn't even
named in the Qu'ran. His job, if it wasn't obvious enough from his title,
is pretty much to take the souls of people at death to be judged. Other
angels mentioned in the Qu'ran are Maalik, the guardian of Hell, and
Ridwan, the keeper of Heaven. Note that Maalik is not a fallen angel.
Islamic tradition states that angels cannot fall because since they do
not have free will, they cannot rebel. Maalik's there because Allah wants
him to make sure that no one escapes. He stays there with nineteen other
angels to make sure that sinners receive their well-deserved punishment.
Kiraamun and Kaatibeen double-team to record all the good and bad deeds a
person has done, while another pair, Munkar and Nakir interview them in
the afterlife about it.

As is typical of angel imagery, most Islamic sources describe angels by
their wings, though some of them can be overkill. Two to four wings is
the usual count, but Gabriel and Michael are said to have thousands of
wings sprouting from their back, signifying their power and position.
Some aren't even human in appearance - 70 thousand headed angels are said
to sing praises to Allah in Heaven.

All in all, you can see how different Islam views its angels. It's like
looking at a weird fun house mirror - there's a certain familiarity that
we can almost recognize, but there's a telling difference in the way we
see things.

								
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