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Agro Climatic Zones in Maharashtr

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					                   4. Agro Climatic Zones in Maharashtra



    Agro Climatic Zones in Maharashtra :

                                 1. South Kokan Coastal Zone

Sr.   Name of    Geographic     Geographic       Climatic      Avera     Soil type      Crop and
No.     the      al location    al spread of    conditions       ge                  cropping pattern
       Zone                          the                       annual
                               zone/Distric                    rainfal
                                   ts and                         l
                                   tahsils
                                  included
I     Very       15.30 to      Comprises       Daily temp.     3105      Laterite    Rice is the major
      high       18.50 N       mainly of       above 20 C.     mm in     .PH 5.5-    crops i.e. 39% of
      rainfall   Latitude72    Ratnagiri       Through         101       6.5         cultivated area. Ragi
      zone       45 to 74 50   and             out the         days      acidic,     2nd imp crop 0.45
      with       E Longitude   Sindhudurg      year. May                 poor in     lakh. Ha. Vari is a
      laterite                 Districts       hottest                   phosphor    minor hillmillet
      soils                    Total area of   above 33 C.               ous rich    grown on the slopes,
                               the zone is     Rainfall                  in          pulses like
                               13.20 lakh      due to S-W                nitrogen    horsegram grown on
                               ha. area        monsoon                   and         residual moisture.
                               under           from June                 Potassiu    Oilseeds- Niger /
                               cultivation     to Sept.                  m           Sesamum, area
                               3.5 lakh ha.                                          under Summer
                                                                                     Ground nut, Jowar
                                                                                     and Tur is likely to
                                                                                     increase with
                                                                                     irrigation.
                                                                                     Horticultural crops-
                                                                                     Mango, Coconut,
                                                                                     Arecanut,
                                                                                     Cashewnut
                                                                                     Jackfruit, Banana
                                                                                     and Pineapple
                                                                                     Spices like clove
                                                                                     Nutmeg and
                                                                                     Blackpepper




                               World Institute of Sustainable Energy                                  1
                                   2. North Kokan Coastal Zone

Sr.    Name of     Geographic       Geographical          Climatic       Average         Soil    Crop and
No     the Zone    al location      spread of the        conditions      annual          type    cropping
 .                                  zone/Districts                       rainfall                 pattern
                                     and tahsils
                                      included

II    Very        17 52 to 20     Comprises of           Avg. daily      2607 mm    Coarse      Rice is
      high        20 latitude     Thane & Raigad         temp 22 to      in 87      &           major crop
      rainfall    70 70 to 73     districts. Total       30C.Mini.t      days.      shallow.    40,600
      zone with   48 E            area 16.59 lakh.       emp17 to        Maximu     PH 5.5      lakh.ha Vari
      non         longitude       ha Net sown area       27 C.           m rain     to 6.5,     19,600 ha.
      lateritic                   4.69 lakh ha.          Humidity        received   acidic      Pulses-udid
      soils                       With forest zone       98%in           in July    Rich in     / tur
                                  about 3%. 32%          rainy           i.e.41%    nitrogen    Vegetables-
                                  of land is under       season &                   , poor in   brinjal,
                                  forest.                winter-60%                 phospho     tomato Oil
                                                                                    rus &       seeds-
                                                                                    potash.     sesamum,
                                                                                                niger
                                                                                                Fruits-
                                                                                                banana,
                                                                                                chicoo

                                        3. Western Ghat Zone

Sr    Name     Geograph      Geographic      Climatic        Average        Soil type         Crop and
 .    of the      ical       al spread of    condition       annual                        cropping pattern
N     Zone      location          the            s           rainfall
o.                          zone/Distric
                                ts and
                                tahsils
                               included
III   Weste    Narrow       It includes      Maximu        3000 to 6000     'Warkas '      25% area is under
      rn       strip        hilly high       m temp.       mm. Rainfall     i.e. light     forest. Principal
      Ghat     extending    lying terrains   ranges        recorded in      laterite &     crops-
      Zone /   from north   of               from 29-      different        reddish        rice/ragi/kodra &
      Ghat     to south     Kolahapur,       39 C.         places of the    brown.         other cereals.
      zone     along the    Satara, Pune,    Minimum       zone viz         Distinctly     Rabi Jowar, gram,
               crest of     Ahmednagar       temp          Igatpuri,        acidic,        groundnut, niger.
               Sahyadri     & Nasik          ranges        Lonawala,        poor           Sugarcane major
               ranges       districts &      from 13-      Mahabalesh       fertility      crop. Area under
                            small area of    20 C.         war &            low            spices 353 ha.
                            Sindhudurg                     Radhanagari.     phosphoro      Fruits &vegetables
                            district.                                       us&            2933ha.Well suited
                            Altitude                                        potash         conditions for
                            varies from                                     content.       rainfed crops.
                            1000-                                                          Fruits – Mango,
                            1900mt                                                         Cashew, Jackfruit,
                                                                                           Jamun and
                                                                                           Karwanda.




                                 World Institute of Sustainable Energy                                    2
World Institute of Sustainable Energy   3
                                            4. Transition zone -1

Sr.     Name of the      Geographi       Geographi         Climatic      Averag      Soil type        Crop and
No.       Zone           cal location    cal spread        conditio         e                         cropping
                                         of the zone          ns         annual                        pattern
                                         / Districts                     rainfall
                                         and tahsils
                                          included
IV      Sub Montane Located on          Spreads            Average       700-       Soils are      Mainly
        Zone/Transiti eastern           over 19            maximu        2500       reddish        dominated by
        on Zone 1     slopes of         tahsils of         m             mm.        brown to       kharrif cereals,
                      Sahyadri          five               temperat      Rains      black          groundnut &
                      ranges            districts viz,     ure is        received   tending to     sugarcane. Rabi
                                        nasik, pune,       between       mostly     lateritic.     crops are taken
                                        satara,            28-35 C       from S-    PH 6-          where there are
                                        sangli &           and           W          7.Well         deep soils &
                                        kolhapur.          minimum       monsoo     supplied       moisture holding
                                        The area of        14-19 C       n.         in             capacity.
                                        the zone                                    nitrogen       Vegetables-
                                        measures                                    but low in     potato, onion,
                                        10,289 Sq                                   phosphoro      chilies, tomato &
                                        Km                                          us &           brinjal. Fruits-
                                                                                    potash         mango, banana,
                                                                                                   guava cashew &
                                                                                                   grapes.

                                            5. Transition Zone - 2

Sr     Name of       Geographic       Geographic         Climatic      Average       Soil type        Crop and
 .     the Zone      al location      al spread of       condition     annual                      cropping pattern
N                                          the               s         rainfall
o.                                   zone/Distric
                                         ts and
                                         tahsils
                                        included
V     Western        It is a wider   This zone           Water         Well         Topograph      The zone is
      Maharashtr     strip           includes            availabilit   distribute   y is plain.    predominantly a
      a Plain        running         tahsils of          y ranges      d rainfall   Soils          kharif tract
      Zone/          parallel to e   Dhule,              from          700 to       grayish        suitable for single
      Transition -   astern side     Ahmednagar          120-150       1200 mm.     black.         rainfed crop.
      2              of Sub          , Sangli &          days.                      Moderately     Principal crops
                     mountain        central             Maximu                     alkaline       grown-kharif &
                     Zone.           tahsils of          m                          7.4-8.4,       Rabi Jowar,
                                     Nasik, Pune,        temperatu                  lowest         Bajra, Groundnut,
                                     Satara &            re 40C &                   layer is       Wheat,
                                     Kolhapur            minimum                    'Murum'        Sugarcane, Udid,
                                     districts.          5C.                        strata. Fair   Tur, Gram &
                                     Geographica                                    in NPK         Ragi.
                                     l area 17.91                                   content.
                                     lakh ha .Net                                   Well
                                     area sown is                                   drained &
                                     8.86 Lakh                                      good for
                                     ha.                                            irrigation.



                                     World Institute of Sustainable Energy                                       4
                                            6. Scarcity Zone

Sr.   Name of    Geogra-    Geograph         Climatic         Average        Soil type           Crop and
No.     the       phical        ical        conditions        annual                             cropping
       Zone      location    spread of                        rainfall                            pattern
                             the zone/
                             Districts
                                and
                              tahsils
                             included
VI    Western        -      This zone     Suffers from        Less than    General           Based on
      Maharas               covers        very low            750mm in     topography is     bimodal
      htra                  geographi     rainfall with       45 days.     having slope      distribution of
      Scarcity              cal area of   uncertainty &       Two          between 1-        rainfall hence
      Zone/                 73.23         ill distribution.   peaks of     2%.               two cropping
      Scarcity              lakh ha.      Occurrence of       rainfall,    Infiltration      systems are
      Zone                  The gross     drought is          1)           rate is 6-7       noticed. During
                            & net         noted once in       June/July    mm/hr. The        kharif shallow &
                            cultivated    three years.        2)           soils are         poor moisture
                            area is       Dry spell           Septembe     vertisol. Soils   retentive soils are
                            58.42 ad      varies from 2-      r.           have              cultivated.
                            53.0 lakh     10 weeks.           Bimodal      montmorillon      Medium deep,
                            ha            Water               pattern of   ite clay. Poor    moisture holding
                            respective    availability 60-    rainfall.    in nitrogen,      capacity soils are
                            ly.           140 days.                        low to            diverted to rabi
                                          Which is                         medium in         cropping. Kharif
                                          affected due to                  phosphate &       cropping 25-
                                          1) delayed                       well supplied     30%. Crops -
                                          onset of                         in potash.        bajra, Jowar,
                                          monsoon                                            Groundnut,
                                          2) early                                           safflower, pulses
                                          cessation of                                       etc. Productivity
                                          monsoon.                                           is rather low in
                                          Maximum                                            both the seasons.
                                          temperature 41
                                          C minimum -
                                          14-15 C




                                 World Institute of Sustainable Energy                                      5
                                  7. Assured Rainfall Zone

Sr.   Name of   Geographical Geographical         Climatic      Average       Soil type          Crop and
      the Zone    location   spread of the       conditions     annual                           cropping
No.                          zone/Districts                     rainfall                          pattern
                               and tahsils
                                included
VII Central         -        Comprises          Maximum         700 to      Soil colour       Jowar is a
    Maharashtra              parts of           temperature     900         ranges from       predominant
    Plateau                  Aurangabad,        41 C            mm 75%      black to red.     crop occupying
    Zone                     Jalna beed &       Minimum         rains       Type-             33% of gross
    /Assured                 Osmanabad          temperature     received    1) vertisols 2)   cropped area
    Rainfall                 districts.         21 C            in all      entisols &        cotton-
    Zone                     Major parts of                     districts   3) inceptisols    22.55%.oilseeds
                             Parbhani &                         of the      PH 7-7.5          5.17%, pulses
                             Nanded &                           zone.                         7.63 %.Kharif,
                             complete                                                         Jowar / Bajra
                             Latur                                                            followed by
                             Buldhana &                                                       gram ,
                             parts of                                                         safflower . Area
                             Akola,                                                           under paddy is
                             Amravati,                                                        increasing.
                             Yavatmal,                                                        Pulses - tur,
                             Jalgaon,                                                         mung, udid,
                             Dhule &                                                          gram & lentils
                             Solapur. Area                                                    Oil seeds-
                             accounts to 75                                                   groundnut,
                             lakh ha. Gross                                                   sesamum
                             cropped area                                                     safflower &
                             is 67.8 lakh                                                     niger.
                             ha. Forest                                                       Sugarcane &
                             accounts to                                                      summer crops
                             9.90 % of                                                        are taken on
                             geographical                                                     availability of
                             area.                                                            irrigation.




                              World Institute of Sustainable Energy                                    6
                                  8. Moderate Rainfall Zone

Sr.   Name of    Geographical      Geographical         Climatic     Average Soil type    Crop and
No.   the Zone     location        spread of the       conditions    annual               cropping
                                   zone/Districts                    rainfall              pattern
                                    and tahsils
                                     included
VIII Central     There are five   The zone             Maximum       1130    Black        Cropping
     Vidarbha    sub- zones of    includes entire      temperature   mm.     soils        patterns
     Zone        central          Wardha, major        33-38 C               derived      Involves
     /Zone of    Vidarbha         parts of Nagpur      Minimum               from         Cotton,
     Moderate    zone based on    Yavatmal 2           temperature           basalt       Kh.
     Rainfall    climate soil &   tahsils of           16-26 C.              rock.        Jowar,
                 cropping         Chandrapur &         Average               Medium       Tur,
                 pattern          parts of             daily                 to heavy     Wheat
                                  Aurangabad,          humidity 72           in texture   other
                                  Jalna Parbhani       % in rainy            alkaline     Pluses &
                                  & Nanded             season, 53            in           Oilseeds
                                  districts. Largest   % in winter           reaction.
                                  agro climatic        & 35% in              Low lying
                                  zone                 summer.               areas are
                                  encompassing                               rich and
                                  49.88 lakh ha                              fertile.
                                  geographical
                                  area & 35.73
                                  lakh ha net
                                  cropped area.




                             World Institute of Sustainable Energy                               7
                                         9. Eastern Vidarbha Zone

Sr.   Name of the Geographi Geographical                    Climatic         Average    Soil type   Crop and
No.     Zone          cal    spread of the                 conditions        annual                 cropping
                   location zone / Districts                                 rainfall                pattern
                              and Tahsils
                               included
IX    Eastern                -        Includes entire     Mean          950 to 1250     Soils       Paddy is
      Vidharbha                       Bhandara &          Maximum       mm on           derive      predomina
      Zone/High                       Gadchiroli and      temperature   western side.   from        nt crop in
      Rainfall Zone                   parts of            varies from   1700 mm on      parent      Bhandara.
      with Soils                      Chandrapur and      32 to 37 C.   extreme east    rock        Rb. Pulses-
      derived from                    Nagpur districts.   Minimum       side No of      granite,    Gram,
      parent                          Geographical        temperature   rainy days      gneisses,   Lathyrus.
      material of                     area is 32.7 lakh   15 to 24 C.   59.             and         Paddy is
      different                       / Ha. And with      Daily                         schists.    followed
      crops. There                    almost 50%          humdity                       Brown to    by Rb.
      are four sub                    under forest.       73% for                       Red in      Jowar
      zone based                      Gross crop area     rainy                         colour.     Pulses and
      on climate,                     10.8 lakhs/Ha.      season 62                     PH 6 to 7   Oilseeds.
      soil sand crop                                      winter & 35
      pattern                                             summer

 Source: http://agri.mah.nic.in/agri/stat/htmlarea/cli_table.htm




                                     World Institute of Sustainable Energy                                 8

				
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