View his presentation on e-waste

					E-Waste
Developments
in the U.S.
by Jason Linnell




            Waste Expo 2010
About Us
National Center for
Electronics Recycling:
• Non-profit 501c3
• Located in Parkersburg, WV
• Involved in Federal, State & Association Projects
• Conduct Research, Run Collection Programs
• Partner with NERC on Electronics Recycling
  Coordination Clearinghouse
• Manage Oregon State Contractor Program
• Our Mission: Dedicated to the development and
  enhancement of a national infrastructure for the
  recycling of used electronics in the U.S.
Current
“State”
of States
• 21 states (+NYC) with some type of e-waste
  law
  o CA, CT, IL, IN, HI, ME, MD, MI, MN, MO, NC,
   NJ, NYC, OK, OR, RI, TX, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV
  o Almost 170 million US residents or 56% of US
    population covered by a law
• Disposal bans no program
  o NH, MA, (AR)
                       WA
                                                                                   VT    ME
                                                    MN
                  OR                                                     MA
                                                              WI                              NH
                                                                    MI
                                                                                               RI
                                                                                    NJ    CT
                                                                               MD
                                                               IL   IN
             CA                                                          WV                   NYC
                                                         MO                   VA

                                                                              NC
                                               OK        AR

                                          TX

       Percentage of Population
       Covered by E-waste Law


                             % Covered,
 % Not                          56%
Covered,
  44%
Highlights
• True “Patchwork” of approaches to
  common challenge
• How is the program funded?
  – 1 Advanced Fee, 5 Types of Manufacturer Financing
• Which products are covered?
  – 11 different sets of product lists
• Who can use the recycling system?
  – 9 sets of “covered entities”
• Definitions, interpretations vary as well
Overview of States
o 17 in effect as of 4/1/10
o Fewer than half in effect for over 1 year
o Trends:
  o Move towards market share responsibility TVs
  o More examples of pounds-sold obligations for all
    manufacturers
o “Laboratory” of ideas, approaches
  o Opinions of what works best, but very few data
Pounds Per Capita
Collected Across
State Programs
                  Lbs/Capita     Lbs/Capita
       State        2008           2009

 •   Minnesota      6.34           5.80
 •   Maryland       1.45           ?
 •   Maine          4.01           6.0*
 •   California     5.88           4.41**
 •   Oregon         N/A            5.01
 •   Washington     N/A            5.88
NCER 2010 Per Capita Collection Index = 7%.
                           2009 = 8%
   Address the Patchwork
• Electronics Recycling Coordination
  Clearinghouse
  – www.ecycleclearinghouse.org
• Forum for coordination and info exchange,
  joint decision-making
• Members
  – Voting: State/local government
  – Affiliate: industry, non-profits, state/local
    without legislation, trade associations
  – Founding: voting and affiliate members
    committing before today’s launch
• Modeled on Toxics in Packaging Clearinghouse
 Producer responsibility
 and recyclers
• Multiple ways to participate, some with
  winners/losers
• Get on state list, then start collecting or
• Get contract with manufacturer/group of
  manufacturers/“program” before collecting
• Limited number of customers?
• Pressure to limit collection volumes or incentive
  to collect?
PR and
collectors
• Two ways to participate
  – Get on state list, then start collecting or
  – Get contract with manufacturer/group of
    manufacturers/“program” before collecting
  – Curbside collection or premium services rare
• Not guaranteed! Or at the price you want..
  – Some states allow all, others see recyclers competing
    for your business
  – Local businesses can be left out
Other Issues
• Collector issues
  – Limit non-covered products and non-covered entities?
  – Haulers – curbside pickups covered/funded?
• System Leakage
  – Prices may be better on the “open market”
• Payment issues
  – Recyclers compete for contracts, but markets may
    change
• Qualification/Certification/Export
  – Handled differently at state level
  The Good News
… and Bad News on
   Certification
• Certification is on its way!
  – Weed out bad actors, finally an answer to “who
    should I work with?”
• But, 2 separate certifications to choose from:
  – Responsible Recycling Practices (“R2”)
  – Basel Action Network’s “E-Stewards”
• Very few certified yet!
  – Check Certifying Bodies!
    Federal Activity
• Electronics recycling moving in Congress!
  – But, R&D bill not a nationwide program
     • Passed House, in Senate committee; needs funding
  – Negotiations continue off an on with industry,
    but slow
• Upcoming GAO report
  – Recommendations on challenges presented by
    state laws
  – Careful review of impacted stakeholders
Thank You!
Jason Linnell, NCER
Phone: (304) 699-1008
jlinnell@electronicsrecycling.org

Visit us on the web:
www.electronicsrecycling.org
and www.ecycleclearinghouse.org
Backup Slides
Desktops,                         Desktops, laptops, computer monitors
Laptops (over 4 inch),            over 9 inch and TVs over 9 inch
TVs (over 4 inch),
Monitors (over 4 inch)
Laptops,
TVs (over 9 inch),
Monitors (over 9 inch)
Desktops,
Laptops,
TVs (over 4 inch),
Monitors (over 4 inch)
TVs with exclusions (over                                                                     Rhode
4 inch),                                                                                      Island
Monitors (over 4 inch),                                                                      NYC
Laptops (over 4 inch)
TVs (over 4 inch),
Monitors (over 4 inch),
Laptops (over 4 inch)

Desktops, laptops,
computer monitors,
printers, and TVs

Desktops, laptops,           Hawaii
computer monitors,                                          *Product scope for MD and MN
                                                            includes products triggering a
printers, keyboards, mice,                                  manufacturer obligation to
digital music players, and                                  participate in the program.
TVs
                                                                             Rhode
                                                                             Island

                                                                            NYC




                                                                              -Households
-Households                                                                   -Charities
-Small Businesses                                                             -School Districts
-Public Schools     Hawaii                                                    -Businesses (Less
                                                                              than 10 Employees)

Households Only                         Consumers                             Households
                      -Households                       -Households           & Schools
                      -Small Business   Only (Who Use   -Small Gov’t
                      -Non-Profits      Computer        -Small Business
                      -Any Entity w/    Equipment for   -School Districts     Households
Any Entity            Fewer Than        Home or Home    -Charities
                                        Business Use)                         Small Business with
                      7 Devices                                               fewer than 7 employees
      WA
                                                   VT         ME
                                            NYC
                          MN
     OR
                                WI
                                       MI                CT
                                                              RI
                                                        NJ
                                      IN           MD
                                 IL
CA                                           WV
                                                  VA
                           MO
                                                  NC
                     OK



           HI   TX
State      In Effect?       Date
CA         Yes              1/1/2005
HI         No               1/1/2010
IL         No               1/1/2010
IN         Yes              4/1/2010
ME         Yes              1/18/2006
MD         Yes              1/1/2006
MI         Yes              4/1/2010
MN         Yes              7/1/2007
MO         Yes              7/1/2009
OK         Yes              1/1/2009
OR         Yes              1/1/2009
RI         Yes              2/1/2009
TX         Yes              9/1/2008
VA         Yes              7/1/2009
VT         No               7/1/2011
WA         Yes              1/1/2009
WI         Yes              1/1/2010
WV         Yes              1/1/2009

        18 In Effect Above, 4 Pending Below
CT         No*              7/1/2009 – likely September 2010
NJ         No               7/1/2010
NC         No               7/1/2010
NYC        No               ??– delayed

				
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posted:7/7/2010
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