International Mileage Chart - PowerPoint

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					Using Math to Teach English

      Armen. Hovhannes
      City College of San Francisco
      ahovhann@ccsf.edu
      www.ccsf.edu/shovanes
      CATESOL
      April 2006
    Rationale
   Relevance: Math is related to everything in
    life. The so-called “new new” math, or “whole math”,
    especially emphasizes this. Math is about problem solving in real-
    world situations.
       Economics/Finance –
        Personal/Family/Business/Macroeconomics
       Parenting – Assisting kids with homework
       Brainstorm others here:
    Rationale (cont.)
    Many students have strong mathematical intelligence.
      math intelligence is an untapped resource in the
        ESL classroom
    Many adult students have a lot of math schema in
     their L1
    Math is an international language that communicates
     meaning.
    Many immigrant students in community college have
     academic/career goals in fields involving
     math/science/business.

    Math is largely missing from most ESL
     courses/curricula/materials
    Basic Numbers & Math
    Go beyond just reciting/repeating the numbers. Spice
    up your curriculum with some math basics in English

    Basic math operations vocabulary and expressions
        Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
        How to say “plus”, “minus”, “equals”, etc.
        How to pose the questions, i.e., “How much is ...?”

    Percents and fractions

    Decimals and commas
        Note that the use of the point as decimal marker varies in
         different countries. Make sure S’s are clear on the use of the point
         and the comma in the US.
        How to say large numbers
        How to say numbers with decimals
    Basic Math activity
   Math
    Dictation
       In the
        classroom,
        use
        calculators
       Or, use
        Excel in the
        computer
        lab.
    Math Games and other fun
    stuff for students & parents
Games      with math and numbers
    Math Bingos
    Beat the calculator
    Number guessing games “I’m thinking of a number...”


Web sites – just a couple of examples
       Figure this
       At Home with Math
       Education Place Brain Teasers
      Personal/Family Finance
This is a real favorite with students. I’ve done it in
various ways. Here’s one:
 Introduce concept and terminology of budgeting.
 Students brainstorm expense categories. (Food,
Rent, Transportation, etc.) This is excellent for
generating vocabulary.
 They can use real, estimated, or fantasy (ex. My
Dream Budget) figures.


They enter their information in a                                       My Expenses

worksheet. (Here is an example.)
They make a Pie Chart of their
                                                                         Money to my mother
                                                         Recreation
                                                                                10%
                                                            2%

expenses. This is an example of                Health
                                                10%
                                                                                                           Rent

the same student’s expense chart.
                                                                                                           41%




                                               Food
                                               26%                                             Utilities
                                                                              Transportation
                                                                                                  3%
                                                                 Debt              2%
                                                                  6%
Macroeconomics
   Budgeting for the larger
    community
        How would you spend $100 billion?

                Economic Stimulus Plan   (in billions of $)



             Education, $20
                                              Tax Cuts -For low
                                                and moderate
                                                income, $30



        Health care , $20

                                    Unemployment
                                    programs, $30
Basic Business Math

   Inventory
   Expense log
   Payroll and taxes
   What’s the sales tax?
Inventory word problem
     You work in the bookstore. You have to do an inventory of some new books.
     You count the books and find that you have 85 copies of Side by Side2,
     120 copies of Focus on Grammar, and 165 copies of Going Places Book 1.
     Side by Side costs 21.95 each. Focus on Grammar costs 25.49. Going
     Places costs 19.35.

     1.What is the total cost of all the books? ____________
     2.How many total books are there? _____________


The worksheet might look something like this.
Mileage Expense Report
   Payroll – reading the pay stub plus
J&J Construction


Period:                              2/1/2004   Employee Name        Jay Adams   Employee ID           1




Tax Status                           1                                           Hours Worked          35


Hourly Rate                          $10.00     Overtime Rate        $15.00      Sick Hours            1


Social Security Tax                  $32.13     Federal Income Tax   $127.50     Vacation Hours        0


Medicare Tax                         $7.40      State Tax            $11.73      Overtime Hours        10


Insurance Deduction                  $40.00     Union Dues           $20.00      Gross Pay             $510.00


                                                                                 Total Taxes and
Total Taxes and Regular Deductions   $238.76                                                           $238.76
                                                                                          Deductions


                                                                                 Net Pay               $271.25
Statistics
   Class surveys
Just Ask Jeeves
 Though Jeeves, himself, has retired, you can
 still use ask.com to find information by
 writing regular English questions. Students get
 to practice writing wh-questions.
      Create a graph in Excel
Students compile their data from the Ask.com
exercise into a chart. They also do a writing activity,
describing the data using comparatives/superlatives.

                                                               GDP per capita




                         Mexico

                           Peru

                          China

                     El Salvador

                        Armenia

                     Guatemala

                      Honduras

                      Nicaragua

                               $-   $1,000   $2,000   $3,000   $4,000   $5,000   $6,000   $7,000   $8,000   $9,000   $10,000
Demographics

   Infoplease.com/countries
Activities with Infoplease
   Another great stats site
      www.nationmaster.com
These stats are great for guessing games!
More Math web links

   Helping your Children learn Math
       http://www.ed.gov/pubs/parents/Math
        /index.html Good examples of math activities
        common in “whole math” curricula.



   The Math Forum @ Drexel University
       http://mathforum.org/            Good resource on
        everything in math ed for teachers, students, parents,
        and everyone else.
Measurements

   Area, Distance, Temperature, Speed,
    others
   Volumes, weights, size
Sports

   Sports Stats
       Who’s the most underpaid player in MLB
        today? (according to some commentator guy I just heard on
        TV) but then this is just an example of what you can do: You
        hear this stuff all the time, so the more current, the better.
        Questions relating to sports salaries are of interest even to the
        non-sports person.

				
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