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					                               Pleasant Valley Community School District
                      GRADE FIVE SOCIAL STUDIES - GRADE LEVEL INDICATORS
Standard 1: Understands the role of the citizen in society
Interval Benchmark 1: Demonstrates traits of a good citizen
     Grade Level
                             Vocabulary           Information                     Skills          Classroom Resources
      Benchmark
a. Understands the      citizenship, vote,   Understands natural          Explains how
meaning of              candidates,          citizenship                  individuals gain U.S.
citizenship in the U.S. naturalized citizen, Understands the              citizenship.
                        immigrant, aliens,   requirements for             Distinguishes
                        naturalization       acquired citizenship         between natural born
                                                                          and acquired
                                                                          citizenship.
b. Knows how citizens   personal rights,          Understands the         Explain the
contribute to the       political rights,         formation and           relationship between
basic purpose of        limits of rights,         necessity of a          a government and
government in the       Constitution,             government              the responsibilities
United States.          delegates, personal       Understands citizen's   of its citizens.
                        responsibilities, civic   role in government      Describes civic
                        responsibilities                                  responsibilities of
                                                                          U.S. citizens
Interval Benchmark 2: Understands the roles and interactions between the members and organizations of communities
     Grade Level
                          Vocabulary               Information                  Skills              Classroom Resources
      Benchmark
a. Understands the   Declaration of          Understands how            Provides a timeline
historical           Independence, Bill U.S. became a                   of U.S.
development of U.S. of Rights, U.S.          government                 history/citizenship.
citizenship.         Constitution, colony, Understands                  Relates U.S.
                     Parliament              government                 documents to
                                             documentations             citizenship.
                                             protect citizens
b. Understands the       individual, freedom,     Understands the
rights of U.S. citizens. petition, assemble,      protection of
                         property,                individual rights
                         employment,              Understands the
                         contracts                interrelationship of
                                                  citizen's rights
c. Understands the      lawful, civic             Understands the         Describes personal
responsibilities of     participation, jury       distinction between     responsibilities.
U.S. citizens.          duty, society,            personal and civic      Describes civic
                        informed voter,           responsibility          responsibilities.
                        community service         Understands how         Shares examples of
                                                  responsibilities        5th grade
                                                  strengthen              responsibilities and
                                                  government              citizenship.




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                                                                                                          January 19, 2005
                            Pleasant Valley Community School District
                   GRADE FIVE SOCIAL STUDIES - GRADE LEVEL INDICATORS
Standard 2: Understands the structure and principles of the economic system
Interval Benchmark 1: Understands the role of currency
     Grade Level
                          Vocabulary          Information                 Skills            Classroom Resources
     Benchmark
a. Understands the   colonial times,     Understands the           Describes the
role of currency in  Parliamentary       economic system of        acquisition of
colonial America.    Government,         colonial America          payment of goods in
                     exchange of goods, Understands                Colonial America.
                     English pound,      limitations of that       Connects the
                     taxation,           system on colonists       colonial economy
                     representation                                with the causes of
                                                                   the Revolutionary
                                                                   War.


b. Understands the    gold standard,        Understands how the    Creates a timeline
development of the    powers of             U.S. monetary          illustrating the
U.S. monetary system. government, federal   system developed       development of the
                      reserve               Understands            U.S. monetary
                                            significant events     system. Matches
                                            contributing to that   historical events with
                                            development            our country's
                                                                   economic
                                                                   development.
Interval Benchmark 2: Understands the concept of supply and demand
     Grade Level
                         Vocabulary          Information              Skills                Classroom Resources
     Benchmark
a. Understands the   raw materials,      Understands colonial Identifies and
concept of supply in growing season,     times                describes supplies
Colonial America and crops, fur trading, Understands how      associated with early
early U.S. history.  westward expansion supplies in America U.S. history.
                                         have changed over Compares colonial
                                         time                 supplies with current
                                                              day materials.

b. Understands the   manufactured goods,    Understands            Identifies and
concept of demand in commodities, food      Colonial America       describes demand
Colonial America and staples, basic needs   Understands how        associated with early
early U.S. history.                         demands in America     U.S. history.
                                            have changed over      Compares demand of
                                            time                   Colonial America
                                                                   with current U.S.
                                                                   citizens.




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                                                                                                    January 19, 2005
                            Pleasant Valley Community School District
                   GRADE FIVE SOCIAL STUDIES - GRADE LEVEL INDICATORS
Interval Benchmark 3: Understands the concepts of business and industry
     Grade Level
                         Vocabulary           Information             Skills                   Classroom Resources
     Benchmark
a. Understands       market value, market Understands the     Creates a business
application of basic share, inflation,    principles of       product. Creates a
concepts of          competition,         marketing           marketing plan.
business/industry.   monopoly,
                     overstock, stock

b. Describes business capital, investment, Understands                 Names businesses
and industry in early Industrial Revolution relationship between       prominent in U.S.
U.S. history.                               characteristics of         history. Names
                                            U.S. and                   industries prominent
                                            business/industries        in U.S. history.
                                            that developed             Describes
                                            Understands the            relationship between
                                            relationship between       U.S. businesses and
                                            ancestral heritage         industries and
                                            and business and           people/places related
                                            industries that            to their development.
                                            developed

c. Understand how       land acquisition,       Understands the        Matches
business and industry   exploration, railroad   relationship between   business/industry to
contributed to          development, canals,    business and           time periods in U.S.
American                waterways               industry and U.S.      history. Compares
development.                                    history                current
                                                                       business/industry
                                                                       with those early in
                                                                       U.S. history.
Standard 3: Understands the nature and scope of history
Interval Benchmark 1: Identifies patterns of change over time
     Grade Level
                          Vocabulary            Information                   Skills           Classroom Resources
     Benchmark
a. Understands       American              Understands how             Names the events
American history     Revolution, patriot, divergent views              leading to the
leading up to the    tory, loyalist,       create opportunities        Revolutionary War.
Revolutionary War.   taxation without      for change                  Describes the two
                     representation,                                   opposing views
                     Stamp Act,                                        leading to the
                     Federalists Acts                                  Revolutionary War.
                                                                       Compares British
                                                                       rule with self-rule.




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                                                                                                       January 19, 2005
                                Pleasant Valley Community School District
                       GRADE FIVE SOCIAL STUDIES - GRADE LEVEL INDICATORS
b. Understands          Emancipation              Understands             Describes the
American history        Proclamation, the         distinction between     difference between a
leading up to the       North, slavery, the       internal and external   civil war and a wars
American Civil War.     South, union,             conflict                between nations.
                        confederacy,              Understands the         Compares and
                        underground               similarities and        contrasts the North
                        railroad, civil strife,   differences in the      and South. Describes
                        secession,                development of the      the major events and
                        confederate states,       North/South             results of the Civil
                        abolition, Yankee,                                War.
                        Rebel
c. Understand           riot, protest, boycott,   Understands groups      Defines vocabulary.
various reactions to    resist, militia,          react many ways to      Given various
historical change or    aggressor, victim,        change events           scenarios, choose
change events.          demonstrate               Understands             appropriate
                                                  advantages and          reactions.
                                                  disadvantages of
                                                  various reactions to
                                                  change
                                                  Understands human
                                                  choice in responding
                                                  to change

Interval Benchmark 2: Identifies key events and people
     Grade Level
                          Vocabulary           Information                       Skills           Classroom Resources
     Benchmark
a. Understands the    Revolutionary War, Understands the role             Names key
key events and people George Washington, of individuals in                people/events
of Colonial America. Philadelphia,         history                        associated with
                      Lexington, Concord, Understands the                 Colonial America.
                      Paul Revere, King    impact of key events           Relates
                      George, Boston Tea in history                       individual/place to
                      Party, Bunker Hill                                  its significance.
                                                                          Describes impact of
                                                                          Revolutionary War
                                                                          on life in America.

b. Understands the    Civil War, Abraham          Understands the         Names key
key events and people Lincoln, Harriet            roles of key            people/events
of the Civil War era. Tubman, Frederick           individuals in Civil    associated with Civil
                      Douglas, General            War history             War era. Relates
                      Lee, Appomattox,            Understands the         individual/event to
                      Ulysses S. Grant,           impact of key events    its significance.
                      Gettysburg, Sherman         in Civil War history    Describe impact of
                      March to Atlanta                                    Civil War on life in
                                                                          America.



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                                                                                                          January 19, 2005
                               Pleasant Valley Community School District
                      GRADE FIVE SOCIAL STUDIES - GRADE LEVEL INDICATORS
Interval Benchmark 3: Understands how cause and effect relationships influence events
     Grade Level
                          Vocabulary         Information              Skills          Classroom Resources
     Benchmark
a. Understands the   tariffs, government Understands the      Compares and
events that          representation,     ideology of          contrasts British rule
contributed to the   Liberty Party,      colonization         with life in the
outbreak of the      independence        Understands the      colonies. Identifies 3-
American Revolution.                     power of home rule 5 causes of the
                                                              American
                                                              Revolution.
b. Understands the      economic               Understands U.S.          Identifies causes of
events that             development,           historical                the Civil War.
contributed to the      cultural background,   development               Describes the
outbreak of the Civil   industrial             between 1780-1860         relationship between
War.                    development, states'   Understands how           lifestyle in the North
                        rights                 ideological               and South and the
                                               differences lead to       outbreak of war.
                                               conflict
Standard 4: Understands and applies systems of government
Interval Benchmark 1: Recognizes national symbols
     Grade Level
                          Vocabulary            Information                      Skills           Classroom Resources
     Benchmark
a. Understands the   Colonial flag,        Understands the               Identifies symbols
symbols associated   Liberty Bell, British historical development        associated with
with Colonial        flag                  of U.S. symbols               Colonial America.
America.                                   Understands the               Relates significance
                                               connection between
                                                                         of colonial symbols.
                                               history and its symbols

b. Understands the      Confederate Flag,      Understands the           Identifies symbols
symbols associated      blue, grey             historical development    associated with Civil
with the Civil War.                            of U.S. symbols           War era. Relates
                                               Understands the           significance of
                                               connection between
                                                                         symbols of the Civil
                                               history and its symbols
                                                                         War era.
Interval Benchmark 2: Identifies and applies basic rules/laws in different groups
     Grade Level
                          Vocabulary           Information                Skills                  Classroom Resources
     Benchmark
a. Understands rules Bill of Rights, U.S. Understands shared Names rules/laws of
and laws associated Constitution           values and principles Colonial America.
with Colonial                              in American society Names documents
America.                                   Understands the        governing Colonial
                                                                  America. Compares
                                           documents defining
                                                                  and contrasts laws/rules
                                           Colonial America
                                                                         of Colonial America
                                                                         with today.



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                                                                                                          January 19, 2005
                            Pleasant Valley Community School District
                   GRADE FIVE SOCIAL STUDIES - GRADE LEVEL INDICATORS
b. Understands rules   slavery, property,   Understands the         Names rules and
and laws associated    voting               differences of values   laws of the North.
with the Civil War                          and principles in       Names rules and
Era.                                        American society        laws of the South.
                                                                    Compares and
                                                                    contrasts the rules
                                                                    and laws of the
                                                                    North and South.

Interval Benchmark 3: Understands how government works
     Grade Level
                         Vocabulary         Information                     Skills          Classroom Resources
     Benchmark
a. Understands the   Continental        Understands the             Names principle
historical           Congress, 13       importance of our           authors of U.S.
development of the   Original colonies, nations forefathers         government. Relates
U.S. government.     land owners,       Understands the             historical figures to
                     impeachment        basic concepts of           their contribution.
                                        government                  Describes the
                                                                    purpose of
                                                                    government.


b. Understands the     electoral college,   Understands the ever- Recognizes changes
ongoing development    segregation,         changing nature of in government
of the U.S.            discrimination,      government            practices and
government.            caucus, primary,     Understands the role procedures.
                       amendment, gender    of government to      Describes the role of
                       representation,      lead and follow the the American people
                       political parties,   American people       in change process.
                       cabinet


Standard 5: Understands physical and human geography
Interval Benchmark 1: Is able to read and locate items on maps
     Grade Level
                          Vocabulary           Information                  Skills          Classroom Resources
     Benchmark
a. Understands the    Williamsburg,        Understands the          Identifies geography
geographical location Potomac River,       geography that           of Colonial America.
of Colonial America. Chesapeake Bay,       defines Colonial         Relates geography of
                      colonies,            America                  Colonial America to
                      Appalachians, New                             its historical
                      England colonies,                             event/significance.
                      Urban Middle
                      colonies, Southern
                      colonies




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                                                                                                    January 19, 2005
                                Pleasant Valley Community School District
                       GRADE FIVE SOCIAL STUDIES - GRADE LEVEL INDICATORS
b. Understands the      Mason Dixon Line,    Understands the       Identifies geography
geographical            Atlanta, Vicksburg   geography that        of the Civil War era.
locations associated                         defined and shaped    Relates geography of
with the Civil War                           the Civil War era     Civil War era to its
Era.                                                               historical
                                                                   event/significance.

Interval Benchmark 2: Demonstrates an awareness that different cultures exist
     Grade Level
                        Vocabulary          Information                Skills              Classroom Resources
     Benchmark
a. Understands the                      Understands the        Describe 2-3
culture of Colonial                     cultural milieu of     characteristics of
America.                                Colonial America       Colonial American
                                                               culture. Compares
                                                               and contrasts
                                                               Colonial culture with
                                                               the culture of the
                                                               21st Century.
b. Understands the                           Understands the        Describes 2-3
culture of the Civil                         cultural milieu of the characteristics of
War Era.                                     Civil War era          culture in the Civil
                                                                    War era. Compares
                                                                    and contrasts Civil
                                                                    War culture with the
                                                                    culture of the 21st
                                                                    Century.


Interval Benchmark 3: Demonstrates knowledge of the earth's geography
     Grade Level
                          Vocabulary           Information               Skills            Classroom Resources
     Benchmark
a. Understands       mountain,             Understands the       Locate specific
geographical         Continental Divide, characteristics of a geographical
features.            strait, isthmus,      particular geographic features. Given
                     bayou, ridges, dikes, feature               specific
                     levees, channel,                            characteristics,
                     mouth, falls                                identify the feature.




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