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					EMPLOYMENT
EVALUATION
GUIDE
(please keep this guide for your records)




Association of Professional Engineers
and Geoscientists of British Columbia


January 1998
v
                                                                v

                                               EMPLOYMENT EVALUATION GUIDE




INTRODUCTION
        This point score guide has been developed as a technique for providing members with an accurate yet easy-to-
        use system for evaluating the level of responsibility of engineering and geoscience careers. Usage will undoubt-
        edly reveal useful improvements. Used objectively, this guide provides a base whereby any particular engineer-
        ing or geoscience career can be classified and ranked relative to other engineering and geoscience positions.
        This same employment evaluation system can be used to evaluate other professional and near professional
        careers thus making comparisons with these occupational groups more systematic and credible.

CAUTION IN SELF-EVALUATION
        In self-evaluation, there will be a tendency toward overrating on some factors, particularly duties, as well as
        recommendations, decisions and commitments. Where doubt exists, the grade or half grade next lower in line
        will usually prove to be the more accurate choice.
        A rather special situation develops with the factors of education and experience. Under these factors, do not rate
        on the basis of level of education and years of experience actually attained by yourself. You may have a Master's
        degree and thirty years of experience. However, if the position requires neither an advanced degree nor long
        experience, rating according to your own qualifications will result in a point score that is unreasonably high.
        Members should estimate the education and experience combination required for the position.

EMPLOYMENT RATING SUMMARY
        To provide the most objective rating for your position, the following procedure is recommended.
        1)   Rate your position in accordance with the points allocated for each factor: duties, education,
             experience, and record points in the left-hand column of the chart on the survey.
        2)   Compare the results with ratings assigned to the benchmark in the guide.
        3)   Make any necessary adjustments and record the final points in the right-hand column of the chart.

BENCHMARK EMPLOYMENT DESCRIPTIONS
        An employment evaluation guide is difficult to use without guidance from an experienced employment analyst.
        To assist you in determining your level of responsibility, sample benchmark employment descriptions have been
        provided. Positions range from the most junior to that of a fairly senior manager.
        As your employment will not match exactly with any of these, the points you give your position will vary from
        the benchmark samples evaluated both on the various factors and in total points.




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                                                                     EMPLOYMENT RATING FACTORS


A. DUTIES
      This factor is concerned with the general nature of tasks assigned. The range is from duties performed in entrance-level
      positions to those carried out at an advanced level of administration. Select the grade that fits your position most appropri-
      ately. Carefully consider the relationship that your duties have to those of others in your organization. If you cannot decide
      between two adjoining grades, use the half grade between.

      Grade                                                                                                                               Points
      1             Receives training in the various phases of office, plant, field, or laboratory
                    engineering, or geoscience work as on-the-job assignments. Tasks assigned include:
                    preparation of simple plans, designs, plots, calculations, costs, and bills of material
                    in accordance with established codes, standards, drawings, or other specifications.
                    May carry out routine technical surveys or inspections and prepare reports. ........................................... 10
       1½            .................................................................................................................................................................... 15
       2            Normally regarded as a continuing portion of an engineer's or geoscientist's training
                    and development. Receives assignments of limited scope and complexity, usually
                    minor phases of broader assignments. Uses a variety of standard engineering or geo-
                    science methods and techniques in solving problems. Assists more senior engineers or
                    geoscientists in carrying out technical tasks requiring accuracy in calculations, com-
                    pleteness of data, and adherence to prescribed testing, analysis, design or combination
                    of methods. ................................................................................................................................................. 20
       2½            .................................................................................................................................................................... 30
       3            This is typically regarded as a fully qualified professional engineering or geoscience
                    level. Carries out responsible and varied assignments requiring general familiarity with
                    a broad field of engineering or geoscience and knowledge of reciprocal effects of the
                    work upon other fields. Problems usually solved by use of combinations of standard
                    procedures, modifications of standard procedures, or methods developed in previous
                    assignments. Participates in planning to achieve prescribed objectives. .................................................. 40
       3½            .................................................................................................................................................................... 55
       4            This is the first level of direct and sustained supervision of other professional
                    engineers or geoscientists or full specialization. Requires application of mature
                    engineering or geoscientific knowledge in planning and conducting projects having
                    scope for independent accomplishment, and coordination of difficult and responsible
                    assignments. Assigned problems make it necessary to modify established guides,
                    devise new approaches, apply existing criteria in new manners and draw conclusions
                    from comparative situations. ...................................................................................................................... 70
       4½            .................................................................................................................................................................... 90
       5            Usually requires knowledge of more than one field of engineering or geoscience or
                    performance by a specialist in a particular field. Participates in short- and long-range
                    planning. Makes independent decisions for devising practical and economical solutions
                    to problems.
                    May supervise large groups containing both professional and nonprofessional staff; or
                    may exercise authority over a small group of highly qualified professional personnel
                    engaged in complex technical applications. .............................................................................................. 110
       5½            .................................................................................................................................................................... 130



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    Grade                                                                                                                                                                              Points
    6                  Usually responsible for an engineering or geoscience administrative function
                       directing several professional and other groups engaged in interrelated engineering
                       or geoscientific responsibilities; or as consultant, has achieved recognition as an
                       authority in an engineering or geoscience field of major importance to the organization.
                       Independently conceives programs and problems to be investigated. Participates in
                       discussions determining basic operating policies, devising ways of reaching program
                       objectives in the most economical manner and of meeting unusual conditions
                       affecting work progress. ............................................................................................................................. 150
     6½                 .................................................................................................................................................................... 175
     7                 Within the framework of general policy, conceives independent programs and
                       problems to be investigated. Plans or approves projects requiring the expenditure of
                       a considerable amount of manpower and financial investment. Determines basic
                       operating policies, and solves primary problems or programs to accomplish objectives
                       in the most economical manner to meet any unusual condition. .............................................................. 200




B. EDUCATION (See "Caution in Self-Evaluation", page 1)
    Under this factor, rate the minimum university qualifications in an engineering or geoscience discipline required in
    order to begin your position.

    Grade                                                                                                                              Points
    No degree but with standing as Engineer-in-Training or registration in APEGBC ...................................................... 165
    Bachelor's Degree ........................................................................................................................................................... 165
    Master's Degree ............................................................................................................................................................... 190
    Doctorate Degree ............................................................................................................................................................ 125




C. EXPERIENCE (See "Caution in Self-Evaluation")
    Under this factor, rate the minimum number of years in full-time, permanent engineering or geoscience work and/or
    work wherein an engineering or geoscience background was a distinct asset that would normally be required by a person
    starting the position. Take your count to the nearest whole or half year.

     Grade           Points                Grade          Points                  Grade             Points                 Grade             Points
     <1 year ...... 125                    3 years .......145                     7-8 years ....... 170                    15-17 years ... 1113
     1 year ........ 130                   4 years .......150                     9-10 years ..... 180                     18-20 years ... 1125
     1½ years ... 135                      5 years .......155                     11-12 years .... 190                     21-24 years ... 1138
     2 years ...... 140                    6 years .......160                     13-14 years .... 100                     25 years ........ 1150




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D. RECOMMENDATIONS, DECISIONS AND COMMITMENTS
      Under this factor, select the grade that fits your position most appropriately. If you cannot decide between two adjoining
      grades, use the half grade between.

      Grade                                                                                                                                                                            Points
      1             Few technical decisions called for and these will be of routine nature with simple
                    precedent or clearly defined procedures. ................................................................................................... 135
      1½             .................................................................................................................................................................... 140
      2             Recommendations limited to solution of the problem rather than end results
                    Decisions made are normally within established guidelines.. ................................................................... 145
      2½             .................................................................................................................................................................... 150
      3             Makes independent studies, analyses, interpretations and conclusions. Difficult,
                    complex, or unusual matters or decisions are usually referred to more senior authority. ........................ 155
      3½             .................................................................................................................................................................... 163
      4             Recommendations reviewed for soundness of judgment, but usually accepted as
                    technically accurate and feasible. .............................................................................................................. 170
      4½             .................................................................................................................................................................... 180
      5             Makes responsible decisions not usually subject to technical review, on all matters
                    assigned, except those involving large sums of money or long-range objectives. Takes
                    courses of action necessary to expedite the successful accomplishment of assigned projects. ............... 190
      5½             .................................................................................................................................................................... 105
      6             Makes responsible decisions on all matters, including the establishment of policies
                    and expenditures of large sums of money and/or implementation of major programs,
                    subject only to overall policy and financial controls. ................................................................................ 120
      6½             .................................................................................................................................................................... 135
      7             Responsible for long-range planning, coordination and making specific and far-reaching
                    management decisions. Keeps management associates informed of all matters of significant
                    importance. ................................................................................................................................................. 150




E. SUPERVISION RECEIVED
      This factor is concerned with the degree to which independent action is required or permitted. This will be limited by the
      amount of direction received from supervisors or provided through standard-practice instructions, precedents or practice.
      Select the grade that fits your position most appropriately. If you cannot decide between two adjoining grades, use the half
      grade between.

          Grade                                                                                                                                                                       Points
          1         Works under close supervision. Work is reviewed for accuracy and adequacy and
                    conformance with prescribed procedures. ................................................................................................. 20
          1½         .................................................................................................................................................................... 25
          2         Duties are assigned with detailed oral and occasionally written instructions as to
                    methods and procedures to be followed. Results are usually reviewed in detail and
                    technical guidance is usually available. ..................................................................................................... 30




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   Grade                                                                                                                                                                          Points
    2½           .................................................................................................................................................................... 135
    3           Work is not generally supervised in detail and amount of supervision varies
                depending upon the assignment. Usually technical guidance is available to review work
                programs and advise on unusual features of assignment. .........................................................................140
    3½           .................................................................................................................................................................... 145
    4           Work is assigned in terms of objectives, relative priorities, and critical areas that
                impinge on work of other units. Work is carried out within broad guidelines, but informed
                guidance is available. ................................................................................................................................. 150
    4½           .................................................................................................................................................................... 155
    5           Work is assigned only in terms of broad objectives to be accomplished, and is
                reviewed for policy, soundness of approach and general effectiveness. ...................................................160
    5½           .................................................................................................................................................................... 170
    6           Receives administrative direction based on organization policies and objectives.
                Work is reviewed to ensure conformity with policy and coordination with other functions. ................... 180
    6½           .................................................................................................................................................................... 190
    7           Operates with broad management authority, receiving virtually no technical guidance
                and control; limited only by general objectives and policies of the organization. ................................... 105




F. LEADERSHIP AUTHORITY AND/OR SUPERVISION EXERCISED
   This factor is concerned with the character of the supervisory responsibility. This may be direct (line) or indirect (staff).
   Select the grade that fits your position most appropriately.

   Grade                                                                                                                                                                          Points
    1           Has no supervisory role. ............................................................................................................................. 10
    2           May assign and check work of one to five technicians or helpers. ...........................................................15
    3           May give technical guidance to one or two junior engineers, geoscientists or
                technicians assigned to work on a common project. ................................................................................. 10
    4           May give technical guidance to engineers, geoscientists of less standing or technicians
                assigned to work on a common project. Supervision over other engineers or
                geoscientists not usually a regular or continuing responsibility. ............................................................... 15
    5           Assigns and outlines work; advises on technical problems; reviews work for technical
                accuracy and adequacy. Supervision may call for recommendations concerning
                selection, training, rating and discipline of staff. ...................................................................................... 20
    6           Outlines more difficult problems and methods of approach. Coordinates work
                programs and directs use of equipment and material. Generally makes recommendations
                as to the selection, training, discipline and remuneration of staff. ............................................................ 40
    7           Reviews and evaluates technical work; selects schedules, and coordinates to attain
                program objectives; and/or as an administrator, makes decisions concerning selection,
                training, rating, discipline and remuneration of staff. ............................................................................... 60
    8           Gives administrative direction to subordinate supervision, and contact with the work
                force is normally through such levels rather than direct. .......................................................................... 80


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G. MANAGEMENT SCOPE
     This factor is concerned with the size of the direct (line) responsibility and is rated in terms of the total number of persons
     falling in that category. Count your immediate subordinates together with all employees reporting to them, either directly or
     through other levels of supervision. If numbers vary seasonally or for other reasons, compute an average for the year.
     Exclude persons, such as students, for whose work you have no continuing responsibility. As well, do not count persons
     to whom you give occasional technical direction or functional guidance. In short, count persons only for whose work
     you are fully accountable.

       Employees Managed                           0                       1                  2-3                      4-7                    8-13                     14-20
       Points                                      0                       3                  5                        8                      10                       15


       Employees Managed                           21-30                   31-40              41-50                    51-75                  76-100                   101-200
       Points                                      20                      25                 30                       35                     40                       45


       Employees Managed                           201-400                 401-750             751-1200                1201-2000              Over 2000
       Points                                      50                      55                 60                       65                      70



H. PHYSICAL DEMANDS
     This factor is concerned with the intensity and severity of the physical effort required of the position and with the continuity
     and frequency of that effort. For each of the demands listed below, choose the level that most closely describes your situation.
     Then select the one value checked that carries the highest point score.



     Demand                                                                                                             Level of Exposure
                                                                                             Limited            Occasional            Frequent            Continuing
     Standing or moving about (inside position) ................................... 15 .................. 18 ................. 10 .................. 15
     Walking over rough ground, climbing, etc. (outside position) ......18 .................. 10 ................. 15 .................. 20
     Heavy physical exertion .................................................................. 10 .................. 15 ................. 25 .................. 40
     Uninterrupted visual concentrations (as in drafting work) ............ 15 .................. 10 ................. 20 .................. 30
     Uninterrupted and intense mental concentration ............................15 .................. 18 ................. 15 .................. 20




I. JOB ENVIRONMENT
     Under this factor, select the grade that describes most clearly the conditions under which your work is normally carried out.
     Grade                                                                                                                                                   Points
      1          Office and comparable conditions ........................................................................................................... 10
      2          Best shop, plant or laboratory conditions. Little exposure to dirt, heat,
                 noise, fumes or other disagreeable factors. ............................................................................................. 13
      3          Average shop, plant or laboratory conditions. Would cover positions that are
                 generally conducted under clean and pleasant conditions, but with some exposure to
                 noise, severe weather, dust, wet, fumes or other disagreeable factors. ..................................................15




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                                                                                               v




    4            Conditions that are especially dirty, oily, noisy or otherwise disagreeable. Would
                 cover positions involving continuous outside work in all weather. ........................................................ 10
    5            Conditions involving continuous exposure to heat and fumes, cold and wet, or to
                 combinations of other disagreeable factors, but where continuous attention to work is possible. ........ 20




J. ABSENCE FROM BASE OF OPERATIONS
    Under this factor, select the grade that most closely describes the demands of your position for travelling and being absent
    from your base of operations.

    Grade                                                                                                                                                                 Points
    1            Seldom absent. ......................................................................................................................................... 10
    2            Occasionally absent, perhaps a day a week on average. ......................................................................... 15
    3            Frequently absent, commonly for a couple of days a week, sometimes longer, with
                 considerable travel. .................................................................................................................................. 10
    4            Absent more than 50 per cent of the time, sometimes including weekends, with
                 much travel .............................................................................................................................................. 15
    5            Absent for long periods from base of operations and/or travel on an almost
                 continuous basis. ...................................................................................................................................... 20




K. ACCIDENT AND HEALTH HAZARDS
    Under this factor, rate your position in terms of conditions that might result in accident or occupational disease. Consider the
    most prevalent hazard to which you are exposed, not some unlikely possibility. Take the point score assigned.


    Hazard Level                                                                               Level of Exposure
                                                                           Limited              Occasional            Frequent          Continuing
    Low ....................................................................... 10 ................... 13 ................ 15 ................. 10
    Moderate ............................................................... 13 ................... 15 ................ 10 ................. 15
    High ...................................................................... 15 ................... 10 ................ 15 ................. 20
    Extreme ................................................................. 10 ................... 15 ................ 20 ................. 25




                                                                                                                                           APEGBC Employment Evaluation Guide 1998   7
                           SAMPLE BENCHMARK EMPLOYMENT DESCRIPTIONS AND CORRESPONDING RATINGS
                                            ENGINEER-IN-TRAINING                               DESIGN ENGINEER                             JUNIOR GEOSCIENTIST
 Summary                             For training and development in various         Assists in the design of new or revised        Assists in the accumulation, analysis and
                                     phases of engineering work in office,           products, equipment, installations, or         interpretation of geological, geophysical
                                     sales, plant, field or laboratory, performs     processes, based on established engineer-      or geochemical data. Keeps up to date on
                                     various assigned tasks of comparatively         ing principles to meet functional require-     current activities in the industry.
                                     low complexity, normally assisting other        ments or performance specifications.
                                     engineers.                                      Using a variety of standard engineering
                                                                                     methods and techniques, will usually
                                                                                     handle design problems of moderate
                                                                                     complexity or assist more senior engi-
                                                                                     neers to solve difficult problems.

 Duties                              Performs a variety of tasks such as the         Receives assignments of limited scope          1. Maintains appropriate databases.
                                     preparation of simple plans, designs, cal-      and complexity, usually minor phases of           Suggests field or laboratory programs
                                     culations, costs and bills of material, cata-   broader assignments that may include one          to the immediate supervisor.
                                     logues, in accordance with established          or more of:                                    2. Makes field studies as assigned and
                                     codes, standards, drawings or other speci-      - The design of components within the             prepares both surface and subsurface
                                     fications.                                         particular branch of engineering (civil,       maps.
                                                                                        mechanical, electrical, etc.) of a larger   3. Performs laboratory examinations of
                                                                                        design project.                                samples and cores in relation to field
                                                                                     - The modification of tooling, plant              studies.
                                                                                        equipment, imported designs or proto-       4. Assists with the accumulation and
                                                                                        types of new development, to permit            analysis of geoscience data for an
                                                                                        economical manufacturing or to meet            exploratory and/or drilling program.
                                                                                        performance specifications and re-          5. As requested, guides the work and
                                                                                        quirements or serviceability.                  assists in the training of first-year
                                                                                     - The design of ancillary parts, not within       geoscientists.
                                                                                        the particular branch of engineering or     6. Assists the immediate supervisor to
                                                                                        equipment pertaining to the branch (e.g.,      keep informed in current activities of
                                                                                        foundations and supports for heavy             the industry that might affect company
                                                                                        machinery, transports for heavy ma-            performance.
                                                                                        chinery, transformer housings, etc.).
                                                                                     - Confers with shop and departmental
                                                                                        personnel while gathering information,
                                                                                        seldom outside the company.
                                                                                     - May prepare reports such as equip-
                                                                                        ment surveys, cost estimates, process
                                                                                        investigations, within the scope of
                                                                                        assigned work.

 Recommendations,                    Normally decisions that are made will be        Recommendations are limited to the             Recommendations limited to the solution
 Decisions                           of a routine nature invariably having           solution of the problems rather than the       of immediate problems relating to a phase
 and Commitments                     ample precedent or in line with clearly         end results. Work requires accuracy in         of a project. Decisions relate to the selec-
                                     defined procedures.                             calculations, completeness of data and         tion of data and the application of tech-
                                                                                     adherence to prescribed testing, analysis,     niques. Such judgments are normally
                                                                                     design or computation methods. Refers          made by following established guidelines
                                                                                     unusual problems to more senior engi-          and practice. Refers unusual problems to
                                                                                     neers. Errors in work would usually be         more senior geoscientists.
                                                                                     detected before results become serious.
 Supervision Received                Works under supervision where the work          Tasks and duties are assigned in detail        Work is assigned in detail and the incum-
                                     is reviewed for accuracy, adequacy and          and work is under close review by more         bent works under close supervision. Work
                                     conformance with prescribed procedures.         senior engineers.                              is normally checked for accuracy and
                                                                                                                                    completeness.
Leadership                           May give work assignments and check             May check the work of one or two               May check the work of one or two more
Authority                            work of 1-5 technicians or helpers.             junior engineers or draftsmen.                 junior geoscientists and assist them with
                                                                                                                                    the application of standard techniques
                                                                                                                                    and the interpretation of data.

 Guide to Entrance                   Bachelor's degree in Engineering or             Bachelor's degree in Engineering or            Appropriate B.Sc. degree, normally with
 Qualifications                      Applied Science or its equivalent; little or    Applied Science or its equivalent, nor-        two years of relevant experience since
                                     no practical experience.                        mally with two to three years, working         graduation.
                                                                                     experience from the graduation level.

Job Rating Factor
  A. Duties                                          A-    120                                       A-    140                                   A - 140
  B. Education                                       B-    165                                       B-    165                                   B - 165
  C. Experience                                      C-    125                                       C-    145                                   C - 140
  D. Recommendations                                 D-    145                                       D-    150                                   D - 150
  E. Supervision Received                            E-    125                                       E-    130                                   E - 130
  F. Supervision Exercised                           F -   115                                       F-    110                                   F - 110
  G. Supervision Scope                               G-    110                                       G-    110                                   G - 110
  H. Physical Demands                                H-    110                                       H-    110                                   H - 110
  I. Job Environment                                 I -   115                                       I -   110                                   I - 115
  J. Absence from Base                               J -   110                                       J -   110                                   J - 115
  K. Accident and Health Hazards                     K-    115                                       K-    110                                   K - 115
     Total Points                                          205                                             250                                       260

8 APEGBC Employment Evaluation Guide 1998
 ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEER                            MANUFACTURING ENGINEER                                     SENIOR GEOSCIENTIST                           CONSTRUCTION DESIGN ENGINEER
Performs assigned duties associated with           Performs a variety of engineering tasks                Conducts special geoscience studies and              In a specialized field of experience within a
electrical layout design of projects. These        including the development of plant layouts,            makes recommendations based on the                   branch of engineering (e.g. Civil, Mechanical,
projects include complete substation and           work methods and manufacturing processes;              findings. Conducts geological, geophysical or        Electrical, etc.) develops design for compli-
diesel station layouts, proposals for the same     designing tools; selecting, procuring and              geochemical investigations on problems that          cated components of engineering works,
and modifications to those stations. Will use a    installing machines, tools and material-               have been approved for study. May carry out          structures, installations and processes. Devel-
variety of standard engineering methods and        handling equipment; establishing standard              programs necessary for the development of            ops plans for the modification of extension of
techniques and will assume responsibility for      time values for production and non-produc-             proven and semi-proven discoveries.                  existing facilities.
moderately complex layouts.                        tion operations.


The electrical engineering work includes:          Under general direction, makes independent             1. Prepares, and reviews with senior personnel,      - Makes independent studies, analysis, inter-
a) preparing preliminary, and detailed electri-    studies, analysis, interpretations and conclu-             recommendations for special geological,            pretations and conclusions within the scope
    cal layout, other than that performed by       sions in one or a combination of the following             geophysical or geochemical studies, which          of various assigned projects.
    Protection and Control, based on Assign-       assignments:                                               may involve recommendations for property         - May design structural frames in steel rein-
                                                   a) Process Engineering - determines tools,                 acquisition or exploratory drilling.               forced concrete, timber, make layouts and
    ment Sheets and one-line diagrams sup-
                                                       equipment and dies required for shaping,           2. Assists in making economic analyses or              designs of municipal services, industrial
    plied by client;                                   finishing and assembling an assigned
b) liaising with Civil Engineering Section to                                                                 other comparable evaluations relevant to           buildings, mining plants.
                                                       product, thus planning the sequence of
    achieve compatibility of respective propos-                                                               further planning decisions.                      - May design mechanical or electrical services
                                                       operations.
    als;                                           b) Machine and Tool Design - designs and               3. Collaborates with other company personnel,          of buildings, material-handling installations,
c) writing specifications, usually for installa-       develops machinery, machine tools, gages,              as appropriate, in matters of mutual interest.     power installations, industrial drives.
    tion work;                                         dies, jigs, fixtures and special tools required    4. Maintains contacts with external geoscience       - May be concerned with the design of com-
d) checking information provided by contrac-           as most suitable to the prescribed volume              personnel, associations and others.                munications circuitry or power generation
    tors who are bidding on contracts to ensure        of production, materials and surfaces.                                                                    and/or transmission, including repeater
    adequacy of proposals and recommending         c) Gage Design - develops special gages and                                                                   stations or transformer substations.
    contract awards based on that information,         instruments and applies statistical methods                                                             - May be concerned with the design of chemi-
    past experience with the contractor, capa-         in order to attain precision specified.                                                                   cal or metallurgical process plant installa-
    bility (equipment, etc.) and price;            d) Plant or Layout Engineering - arranges                                                                     tions.
e) investigating complaints, re: design re-            machines, lays out plant facilities and                                                                 - Based on knowledge of site conditions,
    ceived from the field during construction          setups to ensure the most efficient and                                                                   methods and materials available, time
    and from operating staff following con-            productive layout. Designs material-                                                                      factors and costs, works up a design and/or
                                                       handling methods. Develops, designs and                                                                   alternative designs to achieve the desired
    struction, and making design changes if
                                                       recommends long- and short-term plans for                                                                 end, recommending optimum solution.
    justified;                                         maintenance, repair and expansion of
f) making design calculations as required                                                                                                                      - Prepares reports, cost estimates, specifica-
                                                       buildings, equipment and facilities includ-
    applying standardized details and devising                                                                                                                   tions.
                                                       ing power plant and utilities.
    nonstandard details as necessary; and          e) Time and Motion Study - makes studies to                                                                 - Consults with and provides specialized
g) reviewing manufacturers' drawings on                determine standard rates and eliminate                                                                    instruction for Drafting Department in
    request by the Equipment and Materials             waste of time, labour and materials.                                                                      respect of design notes and sketches.
    Branch.                                        f) Quality Control - develops, recommends                                                                   - Confers with more senior design engineers
                                                       and administers quality control techniques.                                                               and one of a design project team and with
                                                       Utilizes industrial statistics for the presenta-                                                          Manufacturing and Purchasing people in the
                                                       tion and analysis of quality control and                                                                  company, as necessary to exchange infor-
                                                       other manufacturing data. Prepares cost                                                                   mation.
                                                       estimates, makes studies of feasibility and                                                             - Confers with senior members of consultant's
                                                       provides information, advice and engineer-                                                                (or client's) organization; with contractors
                                                       ing assistance within the scope of assigned                                                               and suppliers.
                                                       work.
Recommendations will include complete              Recommendations and decisions are usually              Recommendations are usually based on                 Assignments are responsible and varied.
solutions within the scope of the job. Unusual     based on operational experience. Work is               operational experience and are relied upon as        Within the scope of an assignment, work is
problems and techniques of a novel nature will     relied upon as sound and authoritative within          sound and authoritative within the scope of an       relied upon as sound and authoritative.
normally be referred to the senior engineer.       the scope of an assignment. Difficult, complex         assignment. Errors of judgment could have            Recommendations and decisions are usually
                                                   or unusual decisions are usually referred to           significant financial consequences.                  based on precedent. Difficult, complex or
                                                   higher authority. Errors of judgment could                                                                  unusual decisions are usually referred to more
                                                   cause serious loss of manufacturing time and                                                                senior authority. Errors of judgment might
                                                   material.                                                                                                   cause serious losses.
Projects are assigned and work will be re-         Work is not generally supervised in detail and         Work not generally supervised in detail.             Work is not generally supervised in detail and
viewed in detail by more senior engineers.         the amount of supervision varies depending             Consultation with more senior geoscientists is       the amount of supervision varies with the
                                                   upon the assignment. More senior supervision           available when required.                             assignment. Usually more senior supervision
                                                   is usually available to review work programs                                                                is available to review work programs to give
                                                   and give guidance.                                                                                          guidance.
Checks the work of one or two junior engi-         May guide the work of several more junior              May guide the work of several more junior            May guide the work of several more junior en-
neers and technicians.                             engineers or technicians when they are em-             geoscientists and/or technologists when they         gineers or technicians when they are employed
                                                   ployed on the same projects.                           are assigned to the same project.                    on the same projects.
Bachelor's degree in Applied Science or its        Bachelor's degree in Engineering or Applied            Appropriate B.Sc. degree, normally with three        Bachelor's degree in Engineering or Applied
equivalent, normally with three years' working     Science or its equivalent, normally with three         to five years' working experience since gradua-      Science or its equivalent, normally with three to
experience since graduation.                       to five years of related working experience            tion.                                                five years of related working experience from
                                                   from the graduation level.                                                                                  the graduation level.


             A - 40                                                  A-    155                                              A-    155                                        A -155
             B - 65                                                  B-    165                                              B-    165                                        B - 165
             C - 45                                                  C-    150                                              C-    150                                        C - 150
             D - 55                                                  D-    163                                              D-    163                                        D -163
             E - 40                                                  E-    140                                              E-    140                                        E - 140
             F - 10                                                  F-    115                                              F-    115                                        F - 115
             G - 10                                                  G-    115                                              G-    110                                        G -118
             H - 10                                                  H-    110                                              H-    110                                        H -110
             I -110                                                  I -   113                                              I -   115                                        I - 113
             J - 10                                                  J -   110                                              J -   115                                        J - 110
             K - 10                                                  K-    113                                              K-    113                                        K -113
             11,265                                                        309                                                    311                                             312

                                                                                                                                                        APEGBC Employment Evaluation Guide 1998                    9
                          SAMPLE BENCHMARK EMPLOYMENT DESCRIPTIONS AND CORRESPONDING RATINGS
                                                 SALES ENGINEER                             SPECIALIST GEOSCIENTIST                              PRODUCTION ENGINEER
 Summary                              Responsible for field sales of apparatus         Conducts comprehensive geological,                  Directs the operation of two or more pro-
                                      and other delegated products to prospec-         geophysical or geochemical studies and              duction units comprising a distinct area or
                                      tive and established customers. Discusses        prepares recommendations that form the              segment of the total process, each unit
                                      product application with a good knowl-           basis for significant corporate decisions.          being supervised by a foreman or a series
                                      edge of customers' technical problems.                                                               of foremen, one or more of whom may be
                                      Determines customers' requirements and                                                               an engineer. Maintenance and control
                                      takes orders or reports to own depart-                                                               systems based on engineering principles,
                                      ment. Expedites deliveries and follow-up                                                             as well as the susceptibility of the process
                                      to ensure satisfaction.                                                                              to variations from standard, require an
                                                                                                                                           engineering background for sustained
                                                                                                                                           successful direction of the operation.
 Duties                               - Visits new or prospective customers to         In collaboration with other company                 -  Instructs foremen regarding objectives.
                                         discuss products on the basis of the          personnel:                                            Participates with technical control,
                                         company's experience in similar fields        1. Prepares and reviews with senior personnel         development, design and maintenance
                                         and a knowledge of the customer's tech-          recommended strategies for furthering the          engineers in analyzing off-standard
                                         nical requirements.                              corporate objectives.                              conditions and the feasibility of new
                                      - Investigates product applications, recom-      2. Synthesizes geoscience data, possibly              procedures.
                                         mends modifications; ensures proper              incorporating other relevant information, in     - Accountable for quality, quantity, cost,
                                         servicing; proposes adjustments as re-           order to recommend appropriate develop-            safety and employee relations in the
                                         quired.                                          ment procedures.                                   area under direction.
                                      - For fairly standardized products and adapta-   3. Prepares and/or supervises the preparation
                                         tion, quotes prices, terms and deliveries.       of interpretations, including surface and
                                      - May conduct correspondence on product             subsurface maps, as aids to the making of
                                         applications and adjustments.                    decisions for further development.
                                      - Transmits all pertinent information to Sales   4. Maintains contact with outside geoscience
                                         Department to facilitate cost-estimating,        personnel, associations and others in order
                                         proper design or modifications where             to keep up to date on current events in the
                                         necessary, and ensures that the require-         industry.
                                         ments will be met.                            5. Assists in making, or makes, economic
                                      - Acts as technical consultant to customers on      analyses pertaining to exploration and
                                         their problems to ensure best use of the         development, acquisition of properties or
                                         company's products. May participate in the       other comparable activities.
                                         sales planning of the department.
                                      - May be required to travel extensively and to
                                         entertain customers' representatives.


 Recommendations,                     Within the scope of the assigned working area,   Recommends to senior personnel in the or-           Recommends improvements in proce-
 Decisions and                        work is relied upon by customers and em-         ganization, lease acquisitions, geoscience          dures and changes in policy. Participates
 Commitments                          ployer superiors as accurate and sound.          investigations, exploratory well programs and       in formulation of policy. Approves trans-
                                      Recommendations and decisions are usually        technical studies to further the corporate objec-   fers and promotions. Recommends salary
                                      based on precedent. Difficult, complex or        tives.                                              increases. May approve wage rate
                                      unusual decisions are usually referred to more                                                       changes. Major problems normally re-
                                      senior authority. Errors of judgment might                                                           ferred to higher supervision but in emer-
                                      cause serious losses to a customer, which                                                            gency must be decided directly and
                                      could result in large losses to the employer.                                                        quickly.
 Supervision Received                 Work is not generally supervised in detail and   General supervision is provided. Work is            Daily contact with next level of supervi-
                                      the amount of supervision varies with the        assigned in terms of well-defined objectives        sion shared with other area supervisors.
                                      assignment. Usually more senior supervision      and the results desired. Informed guidance is
                                      is available to review work programs to give     readily available.
                                      guidance.

 Leadership Authority                 May guide the work of several more junior        Supervision is incidental to other work             General supervision over area. Available
                                      sales engineers or technicians.                  performed. May train and direct junior pro-         for consultation by subordinates on 24-
                                                                                       fessionals and technologists in work meth-          hour basis, but normally constantly avail-
                                                                                       ods relating to assigned projects. May              able during day shift only.
                                                                                       allocate and check work for accuracy and
                                                                                       completeness. May assist in the training and
                                                                                       development of geoscience personnel.
 Guide to Entrance                    Bachelor's degree in Engineering or Applied      B.Sc. in Geology, Geophysics or                     Bachelor's degree in Engineering or Applied
 Qualifications                       Science or its equivalent, normally with three   Geochemistry with normally five to ten              Science or its equivalent, normally with five
                                      to five years' related working experience from   years' related experience, or a Master's            to eight years' experience from graduation,
                                      the graduation level.                            degree in Geology, Geophysics or                    preferably including three to five years in a
                                                                                       Geochemistry with four to six years of              supervisory capacity.
                                                                                       related experience.


 Job Rating Factor:
   A. Duties                                           A - 170                                           A-    170                                      A -170
   B. Education                                        B - 165                                           B-    165                                      B - 165
   C. Experience                                       C - 150                                           C-    170                                      C - 170
   D. Recommendations                                  D - 163                                           D-    180                                      D -180
   E. Supervision Received                             E - 140                                           E-    145                                      E - 145
   F. Supervision Exercised                            F - 115                                           F-    120                                      F - 120
   G. Supervision Scope                                G - 115                                           G-    113                                      G -115
   H. Physical Demands                                 H - 115                                           H-    118                                      H -118
   I. Job Environment                                  I - 110                                           I -   110                                      I - 110
   J. Absence from Base                                J - 110                                           J -   115                                      J - 115
   K. Accident and Health Hazards                      K - 110                                           K-    113                                      K -113
      Total Points                                          323                                                369                                          371

10 APEGBC Employment Evaluation Guide 1998
         PROJECT ENGINEER                            SUPERVISING ENGINEER                     SUPERVISING HWY CONST. ENGINEER SENIOR ENGINEERING SPECIALIST
Acts in a staff roll in the design of build-   Supervises an engineering group of up to       Supervises highway construction project.       Under administrative and/or high
ings and machinery. Coordinates design         about 10 professional and/or nonprofes-        Responsible for hiring, firing, promotion,     technical direction, works as a senior
work of subordinates and supervises            sional technical people performing a           training and discipline of about 70            engineer specialist or consultant in a
construction in the course of duties, may      variety of duties, normally in a single        professional and other subordinates.           particular field of engineering develop-
supervise a group of 10 other engineers,       field of engineering, e.g., structural de-     Designs certain non-complex structures.        ment or research. Participates in planning,
technicians and draftsmen.                     sign, mechanical design, electrical design     Department representatives in control of       organizes work methods and procedures.
                                               or concerned with a single product design.     contractor's work.                             Makes independent decisions within own
                                                                                                                                             sphere, usually exercising technical
                                                                                                                                             authority over a small group of engineer
                                                                                                                                             specialists.

- Prepares studies and financial analysis      - Plans detailed methods of solving as-        - Through subordinates, supervises field       - Provides specialized advice of an
  of proposed capital expenditures. Ad-          signed problems such as: the design of         crews and control equipment. Adminis-          advanced technological nature for the
  vises management on choice of equip-           new structures; modifications or addi-         ters the personnel aspect for group.           solution of specific problems.
  ment and process design for these              tions to existing structures; project con-   - Ensures that contractors observe the         - Participates in planning by providing
  expenditures.                                  cerned with product improvements,              terms of the contract and adhere to the        original and ingenious approaches to the
- Prepares specifications and orders for         manufacturing method changes, equip-           specifications. Authorizes changes to          practical and economical solution of
  material and machinery for new installa-       ment or process changes.                       specifications where necessary and             problems.
                                               - Delegates components to staff, sees the
  tion.                                                                                         negotiates bids for work not covered by      - Within own specialized sphere, directs
                                                 work through to meet schedules and
- Designs buildings and machinery, as-           coordinates assignments with other             the contract.                                  research into new resources, products,
  sisted by subordinates.                        groups.                                      - Liaises between own crew or contractors        processes or methods.
- Prepares contracts, advises on choice of     - Prepares or requests preparation of de-        and other agencies or groups.                - Interprets and evaluates data obtained
  contractors, directs and supervises the        sign notes, drawings, specifications and     - Designs certain structures such as             from various engineering and/or
  selected contractors. Evaluates machinery.     occasionally prototypes or models.             retaining walls, culverts and super-           research investigations.
- Controls the project until it is com-        - May give technical direction to construc-      span culverts.                               - Keeps well informed of the latest
  pleted.                                        tion or installation or design projects to   - Checks claims from contractors when            technological developments relating to
                                                 ensure adherence to specifications.            these refer to extras or alterations to        field of practice.
                                               - Prepares or requests preparation of cost       contract.                                    - Ensures that staff morale is maintained
                                                 estimates, engineering studies and re-                                                        at a high level by building a reputation
                                                 ports as required.                                                                            for efficient planning and a high level of
                                               - Responsible for the maintenance of                                                            creative thinking.
                                                 engineering office files, equipment and
                                                 procedures.
                                               - Confers as required with senior engi-
                                                 neers and management of the company,
                                                 occasionally with contractors, consult-
                                                 ants and suppliers.
Recommendations include choice among           Recommendations will normally relate to        Recommendations are of broad scope in          Makes responsible decisions, subject only
alternatives in design, machinery and          alternatives in design or use of different     achievement of objectives. Required to         to highest technical review, on all matters
process. Will be required to devise new        materials to achieve the same purpose and      make decisions in the field when plans         assigned to jurisdiction. Decisions
approaches to methods of reaching solu-        are subject to review to ensure accordance     and contract require alteration. Responsi-     involving large sums of money or the
tions. Errors could cause extra expendi-       with overall plans and company policies.       ble for the overall performance of crews.      selection of long-range objectives are
tures in money or time.                        Modifies existing engineering criteria as                                                     usually referred to higher authority. Takes
                                               occasion demands by devising new ap-                                                          courses of action necessary to expedite
                                               proaches to the solution of problems.
                                                                                                                                             the successful accomplishment of
                                               Errors could cause delays, possibly ex-
                                               tending into areas where expenditures                                                         assigned projects.
                                               might be involved.
Works under general direction and guid-        Works under general direction and guid-        Works from generally accepted                  Work is assigned in terms of broad
ance in order to reach objectives. Reacts      ance following instructions relating to        departmental policy and from established       objectives to be accomplished, leaving
to priorities. Cooperates with peer groups.    objectives, relative priorities and neces-     priorities. Needs to consider relations with   wide authority within sphere, with
                                               sary cooperation with other units.             municipalities and other agencies affected     virtually no technical guidance, but
                                                                                              by the construction.                           subject to general administrative control.

Outlines work for subordinates and re-         Makes recommendations concerning               Responsible for all aspects of the work of     Gives technological advice and direction
view of adequacy. Responsible for those        selection and termination, and is responsi-    assigned subordinates.                         to a group of professional specialists.
assigned to him on a permanent or tempo-       ble for the training, rating and discipline                                                   With an appreciation of the necessity of
rary basis. Acts as company representative     of staff. Outlines and assigns work, and                                                      maintaining an atmosphere of free-
in dealing with contractors.                   reviews it for technical adequacy.                                                            thinking creativity, outlines difficult
                                                                                                                                             problems and methods of approach.
                                                                                                                                             Coordinates work programs and directs
                                                                                                                                             use of equipment and material.
Bachelor's degree in Applied Science or        Bachelor's degree in Engineering or Ap-        Bachelor's degree in Engineering or            Bachelor's degree in Engineering or Applied
the equivalent, normally with seven to 10      plied Science or its equivalent, normally      Applied Science or its equivalent,             Science or its equivalents, normally with
years' experience in the related field since   with five to eight years' experience related   normally with seven to 10 years' related       nine to 12 years' (or Master's or other ad-
graduation.                                    to the type of work since graduation.          experience since graduation.                   vanced degree with six or more years) of
                                                                                                                                             diversified research-development and/or
                                                                                                                                             design experience from the graduation level.

             A -190                                            A-    190                                      A-    170                                   A -165
             B -165                                            B-    165                                      B-    165                                   B - 190
             C -170                                            C-    170                                      C-    180                                   C - 190
             D -180                                            D-    180                                      D-    170                                   D -180
             E -1 55                                           E-    155                                      E-    150                                   E - 160
             F -120                                            F-    120                                      F-    130                                   F - 140
             G -110                                            G-    110                                      G-    135                                   G -110
             H -115                                            H-    115                                      H-    110                                   H -115
             I -110                                            I -   110                                      I -   115                                   I - 115
             J -110                                            J -   110                                      J -   112                                   J - 110
             K -110                                            K-    110                                      K-    115                                   K -115
             111395                                                  395                                            432                                        450

                                                                                                                                    APEGBC Employment Evaluation Guide 1998               11
                            SAMPLE BENCHMARK EMPLOYMENT DESCRIPTIONS AND CORRESPONDING RATINGS
                                        SENIOR PRODUCTION ENGINEER                          CHIEF DESIGN ENGINEER                  ENGINEERING/GEOSCIENCE MANAGER
                                       Directs the operation of two or more           and coordinates the work of the design       professional and/or mechanical trades
 Summary                               complex continuous processes, i.e.,            staff with that of field staff including     functions.
                                       chemical, mining, etc., producing large        several professional functions.
                                       quantities of product with reliance upon                                                    - Works independently on broad, general
                                       engineering control and maintenance            - Plans and allocates work on broad            assignments with responsibility for
                                       systems.




 Duties                                - Plans production in coordination with          general assignments with the limits of       planning associated activities, limited
                                         other operations and customer demand.          company policy.                              only by company policy.
                                       - Assists technical control personnel in       - Establishes working programs to attain     - Participates in establishing objectives and
                                         establishing standards and field tests.        objective in the most economical             basic operating policies. Devises ways of
                                       - Coordinates, specifies and schedules           manner.                                      reaching program objectives in the most
                                         production and maintenance. Analyzes         - Acts as engineering consultant and           economical manner and of meeting any
                                         and corrects off-standard conditions           advisor to the company.                      unusual conditions affecting work
                                         with specialized technical assistance.       - Assists in developing and maintaining        progress.
                                       - Accountable for quality, quantity, costs,      contacts inside and outside the company.   - Conducts the normal administrative
                                         safety and employee relations.               - Makes direct contact with clients.           functions related to position.
                                                                                                                                   - Acts as engineering/geoscience
                                                                                      Makes responsible decisions within the         consultant and advisor to the organiza-
                                                                                                                                     tion.
                                                                                                                                   - Develops and maintains top-level
                                                                                                                                     contacts inside and outside the company.
                                                                                                                                   Makes responsible decisions without
                                                                                                                                   reference to superiors. Implements




 Recommendations,                      Recommends improvements in plant               limits of company policy. Recommends         approved major programs involving
 Decisions                             procedures and changes in policy.              changes in company policy. Implements        expenditures of large sums of money.
 and Commitments                       Participates in policy formulation.            policies affecting company expenditure       Errors in judgment could cause grave
                                       Approves salary increases. Has wide            and makes decisions affecting operations.    losses.
                                       latitude for decisions affecting operations.   Broad direction from President or Vice       Work is reviewed for accomplishment,
                                                                                                                                   adherence to company policy and




 Supervision                           Broad direction received from Plant            President of company. Work is reviewed       coordination with other phases of
 Received                              Manager in a small plant varying to            for adherence to company policy.             company's operations.
                                       limited supervision from Production            Occasional review of technical matters.      Makes decisions regarding the
                                                                                      Selects, rates, disciplines and terminates   selection, development, rating,

 Leadership                            Superintendent in a large plant.               staff. Reviews and evaluates technical       discipline and termination of staff.
 Authority                             Directs activities of from 50 to over 200      work. Coordinates staff requirements and     Reviews and evaluates technical work.
                                       people, depending upon complexity of           disposition to suit schedule of work in      Selects, schedules and coordinates to
                                       operation.                                     hand and work planned. Allocates work to     attain program objectives.
                                                                                      various section or project heads.            Bachelor's degree in Engineering or
                                                                                      Bachelor's degree (Honours preferred) in     Applied Science or its equivalent,

 Guide to                              Bachelor's degree in Engineering or            Engineering and broad engineering            normally with broad engineering
 Entrance                              Applied Science or its equivalent,             experience of 15 years or more, of which     experience including responsible
 Qualifications                        normally with nine to 12 years' experience     about three to five years should have been   administrative duties.
                                       from the graduation level including five to    in responsible administrative duties.
                                       10 years in a supervisory capacity.            Manages a large staff, administers and
                                       Directs the staff of an engineering office     coordinates several professional, sub-


 Job Rating Factor:
   A. Duties                                           A - 190                                        A-    130                                 A -130
   B. Education                                        B - 165                                        B-    165                                 B - 165
   C. Experience                                       C - 190                                        C-    113                                 C - 138
   D. Recommendations                                  D - 190                                        D-    190                                 D -105
   E. Supervision Received                             E - 160                                        E-    170                                 E - 180
   F. Supervision Exercised                            F - 140                                        F-    160                                 F - 160
   G. Supervision Scope                                G - 140                                        G-    120                                 G -140
   H. Physical Demands                                 H - 115                                        H-    115                                 H -115
   I. Job Environment                                  I - 115                                        I -   110                                 I - 110
   J. Absence from Base                                J - 115                                        J -   115                                 J - 110
   K. Accident and Health Hazards                      K - 113                                        K-    113                                 K -110
        Total Points                                        493                                             561                                     623

12   APEGBC Employment Evaluation Guide 1998
Association of Professional Engineers

and Geoscientists of British Columbia

               200-4010 Regent Street

               Burnaby, BC V5C 6N2

                  Tel: (604) 430-8035

                  Fax: (604) 430-8085




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