How to write a good argument by Randa_Gabriel

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									                   Professional Business Writings: How to write a good Argument




1)   Start with the most important idea
2)   Be up to the point
3)   Stick to one idea at the time, don’t confuse your reader
4)   Give ex, elaborate when you need your message to reach out effectively
5)   Indent your writing and use punctuation
6)   Don’t use abbreviation unless you clearly state their meaning somewhere reachable
7)   Be real, realistic, logical



GOLDEN RULES FOR WRITING A GOOD ARGUMENT:
      (1) BE SIMPLE: put yourself in the view point of your reader. he does not know, as much as you,
          about the subject that you are talking about. so make things easier for him / her. don't force him/
          her to read u 10 times to analyze what's on your mind


      (2) BE SHORT, CLEAR and CONSICE as much as possible. Understand that the much your time is
          precious your reader time is too. Don't repeat an idea twice with another style. Know what you
          want to say and what action you are asking your reader to do and state it clearly, explicitly. So if
          you want your reader to make a call for you, or endorse u or prove something, don't let him guess
          what u want him to do. Close your argument effectively.
                                 INTERNET RESEARCHES ON THE ISSUE:


Article 1 by the Author : Kimberly A. Smith

Link: http://www.helium.com/items/1134297-writing-a-persuasive-argument




    Creating an effective argument with your writing may seem simple on the surface, but it takes practice
    to persuade people with words. You need to have passion for your subject, a good understanding of
    the issues, and structure your writing in a way that makes your point powerful. These simple tips will
    help you construct your essay or article in a way that gets your point across.

    Know Your Purpose

    Why are you writing this essay or article? Writing that has a purpose will always be the stronger
    writing. If you are writing on a specific assignment, there will be guidelines to follow. Consider the
    format and structure that would be most appropriate.

    Consider Your Audience

    Who are you trying to persuade with your argument? If your essay or article has a specific audience,
    think about the knowledge and perspective they may already have on the subject. If your audience
    already has some expertise on the topic, you may be able to leave out general background
    information. However, an argument geared towards a novice may have to begin at a more basic place.

    Use Reliable Sources

    Everyone has an opinion. It will make your writing and your argument stronger if you have reliable,
    impressive sources to back up your assertions. Use quotes from noted authorities on the subject within
    your essay or article. Take care when you search for sources on the Internet - Wikipedia is not a
    reliable source of information or quotes. Finding unbiased information, such as scientific studies,
    makes a larger impact than sources with an obvious slant.

    Understand the Other Side

    If you want to persuade people of your point of view, it is important to understand the arguments on
    the other side. Prepare yourself for the arguments that your opponent will throw at you. This will allow
    you to provide a quality rebuttal in the course of your essay. Have a well rounded view of your subject
    before you begin to write.

    Write Concisely

    The most persuasive writing is often the simplest. Keep your sentence structure simple and remove
    unnecessary words. You may be tempted to overwork your essay to make it appear more "academic."
    However, simple writing tends to be more powerful. Make your writing accessible to everyone who
    reads it.

    Pay Attention to the Introduction and Conclusion

    The introduction and conclusion are often the most powerful paragraphs in an essay. In any piece of
    writing, the introduction should pull the reader in and make them want to read the rest of your work.
    If your introductory paragraph is weak, you are not giving the reader a reason to continue reading.
    Your conclusion is a chance for you to sum up your argument and drive your point home in a strong
    way. While this can be the most difficult paragraph to write, it is important to spend time crafting and
    revising your conclusion.

    Practice
    Like any skill, composing a persuasive argument on paper takes practice. Continue to hone your
    writing skills and seek out critiques from people you trust. Revise your work several times once you
    complete your rough draft, taking any advice that seems useful to you. As you grow as a writer, you
    will learn what strategies work for you.

    Knowing how to write an effective argument is an important skill for any student, employee, or writer.
    If you write with honesty, integrity, and knowledge of the subject, you should have no trouble
    convincing your audience of your point of view.




Article 2 by the Author: Elton Gahr

Link: http://www.helium.com/items/1456814-constructing-a-good-argument-in-your-writing


    Creating a good argument in written form is something that is truly rewarding as well as a great way
    to think through your own beliefs, but if you want to change the options of others there are things that
    you must do to create a good argument.

    The most important point when attempting to create a good argument is to respect the opposition. If
    you expect someone to read your work it is vital that you don't insult their intelligence,
    morality, or their mother on the first page of your article. It is surprising how often, otherwise
    well written, arguments are completely undermined by the writers inability to show courtesy to the
    reader.

    Along with this necessity, is the need to understand the other side of the argument. The typical
    way to write an argument is to spend 80 percent of your time researching your own side of the
    argument and twenty percent researching the opposing views. Unless you are very new to the
    argument this is a mistake. You typically already know why you believe what you believe, so instead
    learn to understand the opposing argument well. If you misrepresent the opinion of someone
    you have lost them and there is almost no chance of getting them back.

    Now that you have examined both sides of the argument carefully, it is time to begin to craft the
    argument. Unless you are writing a book on the subject the next important thing to do is choose a
    single point. Truly explaining even a single point in even a thousand words is difficult so don't muddy
    the water by adding more arguments thinking that this will strengthen your point.

    Never take anything for granted. No matter how well established you may consider your point
    reconsider it. One of the most common examples of this I see is in those who quote the Bible in the
    attempt to convince people of the truth of the Bible. It creates an immediately circular argument that
    can be summed up in the argument the Bible is true because the Bible says it's true. Christians though
    aren't the only people to do this. Another offender of this logical problem is those who take man
    caused global warming to be true and so no longer back up their assertions. This can be perfectly
    acceptable when talking to people who agree with you but it isn't going to work with those who don't
    agree.

    The most important thing you can do when attempting to write an effective argument is to create a
    hospitable environment for the reader. No one likes to be told he is wrong, especially when he is,
    so do your best to make their opinions and feeling seem reasonable and then help them find
    the flaws in the logic politely.
Article 3 by Cicely Richard.

Link: http://www.helium.com/items/1137450-constructing-a-good-argument




Constructing a good argument is the first step in the writing process, even if the project is as simple as
how to tie a shoe, but it is also a source of aggravation for writers. Most people can't just sit down in
front of a blank piece of paper and words spill out of the brain. It make take a lot of time and
brainstorming in order to come up with an strong argument in the writing project,
especially if the writer is analyzing information from a primary source other than
themselves. The writing process, like anything, has a specific set of guidelines to help construct a
good argument.

A good thesis statement sets the tone for the whole argument of the writing project that a
writer is working on. This element of the writing usually occurs at the beginning of the
project. It can be direct, like one or two declarative sentences at the end of the first paragraph. Some
writers prefer to present readers with a question or series of questions that the following paragraphs
will answer. If the thesis statement is strong, the rest of the argument presented in the article will be
strong and readers will likely enjoy reading. On the other hand, a weak thesis statement makes the
following argument unfocused and unlikely to engage the reader. So, this is like the foundation of the
paper, making it either solid or shaky.

In order to create a good argument, the writer must make a claim about the topic
presented. Many of the article topics on Helium are broad and open to a multitude of interpretations,
so a writer must find a perspective on which they want to write before they start conducting research
or putting their thoughts on paper. Finding a perspective helps the writer focus. Although it may seem
like the writer has to take one particular position, even if it's a fun topic, he or she actually has a lot of
flexibility as to how the information can be presented within his project.

Once the thesis statement is stated either directly or implicitly, the writer can think about
the construction of the body of the project. There are a number of ways the paragraphs can be
organized. Some writers prefer to organize the body by presenting the arguments in order of
importance. No matter what order the arguments are placed in the article, there should be a seamless
transition between the paragraphs. If the paragraphs don't flow well together, they will sound choppy
or confuse the reader. Transition words help bridge the gap between paragraphs; therefore, if the
bridge is weak, the words will fall apart.

Finally, the conclusion of the writing project should restate the argument made at the
beginning or open the readers mind to questions they need to ponder, according to the information
presented in the body of the text. If the argument is constructed well, the reader should come away
with a new thought that will help them look at the world from a new perspective.




Article 4 by the author John W. Paulus

Link: http://www.helium.com/items/1354384-constructing-a-good-argument-in-your-writing




One of the most challenging aspects of becoming a good writer is learning how to construct a good
argument in your writing. Anyone can ramble on about a topic for hours at a time, but it takes
a certain degree of talent and hard work to get to the point where you can write
convincingly about a topic. The good news is that just about anyone can learn to construct a good
argument in their writing.

It's important, first, to understand what makes a good argument. A good argument meets a few
specific criteria. First of all, a good argument in your writing is understandable. You want your
reader to be able to understand what it is that you are saying. Your reader won't necessarily agree
with your argument, but they should, at the very least, be able to understand what it is that you are
saying.

Constructing a good argument in your writing also means writing with principles of logic in mind.
Learn what makes a good logical argument, and what kinds of arguments are illogical. For example,
you might say that your dog's name is Charlie. You might also say that your dog is a terrier. It would
be a logical fallacy then, to say that all dogs named Charlie are terriers. There is a logical flaw in that
argument, and understanding how logical flaws work will help you to to avoid them.

There is another aspect of constructing a good argument in your writing worth thinking about. If you
want to have a good argument in your writing you want to worry less about anticipating the reader's
objections and more about building your own case. If you want to make a convincing argument you
need to provide support for that argument, rather than arguments against the alternatives.
That doesn't mean that you'll ignore potential problems with your argument, it just means that you are
going to focus on the evidence for your argument. It is also reasonable that you'll leave out potential
problems with your argument. Leave those problems to your critics. They are going to come up with
those problems eventually and when they do, you can answer them.

Constructing a good argument in your writing is much an art as it is a science. The more
you write, and the more that that writing is critiqued, the more you will learn to recognize where the
strengths and weaknesses are in your writing. As time goes on, you'll learn to master the art of
constructing a good argument in your writing. While your readers won't always be convinced, at the
very least you will make them think, and you will make them question as to whether or not your
argument is a good one.




Article 5 by the author Bernard Joseph

Link: http://www.helium.com/items/1277868-constructing-a-good-argument-in-your-writing




I disagree with the notion that arguments should appeal to the emotions, emotions are irrational. An
argument should appeal to the rationality of human thought and not to emotions that could and in all
likelihood would evoke an irrational response some what like salvation rather than a thoughtful and
somewhat hesitant reply to what is a rationally constructed argument. Emotions should never
figure in the construction of an argument.

The cloudiness of emotional thought can lead only to the cloudiness of judgment. What might be a
reaction to an argument whose methodology is to evoke an emotional response. Would the reader
agree with the argument simple because of the argument's intellectual content or would the reader's
react to the content in much the same manner a person’s reacts to theatrical play, laughing when a
comically line was spoken or experiencing a sense of dark forebode brought about by a dramatic
moment. An argument whose methodology is to stir the emotions of the reader might be
nothing more than a train wreck waiting to happen.
Rationality should be the hall mark of any argument. Constructed on a foundation of rational thought,
an argument so done can lead only to conclusions brought about by clear thinking. An argument
built on an emotional foundation is an argument built on quick sand.

The approach that would build a solid foundation for any argument is one whose pillars stand on
rational thought. A reader should not be moved by emotions but he or she or something in between
should read any argument with one goal in mind; the search for weakness, for loop holes that would,
if revealed, weaken the argument or undermined the pillars on which the writer had used in
formulating their argument.

If there were any emotional response to a writer’s work it should be one that drives the reader to think
critically. Only a response that evokes critical thought would lead to clear conclusions. No mercy
should be shown on the part of the reader in their search for loop, for holes that would, in effect,
undermine the very core of a writer's argument. He or she should read the work with only one
intention in mind to replace, through critical thought, the ground on which the work is built with quick
sand. Emotional responses should never figure in the formulations of argument .Only then
can it be said that an argument has value.




For more please consult all 18 articles on Helium writing tips:

http://www.helium.com/knowledge/56579-constructing-a-good-argument-in-your-writing




Article 6: by the author Acey_Nz

Link: http://fancyanargument.com/ExpertArticles/Writing-Good-Argument-Tips.aspx




Firstly I would like to make it clear that a good argument doesn’t have to be right. You can
argue wrongly very well; and that is a key skill for anyone who likes to argue, or debate, because
sometimes situations mean that you have to argue for something that is ‘wrong’. Similarly one
of the most difficult skills to develop is being able to argue against what you believe, another
important skill (but only in debating for entertainment). Now I am not suggesting that there is a
right or a wrong way to argue, but there are good and bad ways to argue. Hopefully by the end
of this article you will be able to construct a simple but strong, effective and clear argument.
Also I will talk a little about how to respond to other peoples arguments. There are two types of
arguing situation that these skills will be necessary for, but how you use them will be completely
different. The two situations are these;

         rapid fire, often face to face, arguing: in this situation there is little time to plan what
          you will say and no time for research;

         planned, often written or presentational, arguing: also known as persuasive writing this
          is when you have plenty of time to research the topic and plan carefully what you want
          to say. What I am going to talk about in this article is relevant to both these situations,
          but would be used in very different ways.

          Writing an argument

          These ‘3 Steps’ do not have to be done in any order, but I have laid them out in the most
common/simple manner.

Step 1. State your conclusion! The first step is to be clear about the conclusion you are
heading for – wherever you put it in the argument, you need to know from the start.
This may seem obvious but it’s no good having an argument if nobody knows what you
are arguing for or against. You don’t have to state this at the beginning or at the end,
just so long as it is stated clearly somewhere. You can choose to have a strong or a weak
conclusion – this isn’t a better or worse situation – a weak conclusion is less specific, and
will help if you know less about the topic, a strong conclusion is specific and helps if you
have in-depth knowledge on one area. Choose the one you think you can argue best.

Step 2. Keep a close link between your reasons and conclusions – don’t wander into
talking about another argument just because that is what you know lots about. This step
often cuts out a lot of the flaws. And remember, the more reasons the better, as long as
they are strong reasons. Use intermediate conclusions to build the argument in layers,
this means give two reasons that lead to a conclusion, and then that conclusion and
another separate reason can add up to the conclusion.

E.g. R: Smoking causes lung cancer
R: Smoking causes heart disease
IC: Therefore smoking is likely to lead to premature death
R: Everybody wants to live longer
C: Therefore, you should give up smoking
This is not perfect, but we now have structure: R;R;IC;R;C

Step 3. Include examples and evidence. Another advantage of fitting your argument into
a structure is that it is then much easier to include evidence or examples that start to
make the argument ‘real’. Every reason can have a piece of evidence or an example to
go with it. The result is a more realistic argument which contains the necessary elements
of a strong argument in an organised and structured form. The structure I have shown is
just an example, the important point is to have a structure rather than just writing down
reasons as they come to you. The argument structure that I have used so far is an easy
one and gives you a good basis to work from. Although a strong argument will be
structured, structures vary from argument to argument. Whilst it is important to ensure
that your arguments are structured and clear there is no need to fit them into any
particular structure.

Responding to other arguments (Using Counter Arguments)
Arguments, of course, arise because of a difference of opinion on a particular topic. This
means we may want to argue against a particular point of view by showing how it is in
some way incorrect or flawed. To do this, you should describe the counter argument and
then try to show that it is wrong, and ultimately help prove your own point of view.

Responding to other arguments (Using Counter Assertions) A more straightforward
variation of this type of approach is to start your argument with a counter assertion (or
counter reason). These are usually introduced with ‘although’ because this is the idea
that you are about to argue against. E.g. “Although GM crops are thought to give greater
yields, the greater yield has yet to be proven in the weather conditions of Africa.” There
a counter assertion on the GM crops argument has been made into a reason against the
welcoming of GM crops.

Hopefully this has given you an easy to follow guide through how to quickly write an
effective argument. Just remember when you are writing an argument try and cover
your back. Consider how you would argue against what you are writing and then try and
protect against that. It is possible to make an argument that can ‘win’ the argument –
but it’s rare and unlikely to happen if you don’t stick to the three steps.

Acey_Nz

								
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