TD Properties by seafarerguide

VIEWS: 25 PAGES: 36

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THERMODYNAMIC
            PROPERTIES
                              OF

                        GASES
                               IN

                METRIC
                     UNITS




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                                                                                                           .-...
                                                                             /        \            /
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P r e p a r e d y O c e a n a sT r a n s p o 4L t d . ,L o n d o n
              b           G
                                                                         CON'II'N'TS


             GAS TAI]LOS                                                                                                     Page
                  M t rr t t r rx t '                C c n c r a lT h c r m o d y n a m i c r o p e r t i e s
                                                                                              P
                  Ertt vle rtt'                      C e n e r a lT h e r m o d y n a m i c r o p e r t i e s
                                                                                              P                                 A


                  E t t r r r Ne                                    l
                                                     GeneraThermodynamic roperties            P                                 5
         -        PnopvLcNe                          Ceniral Thermodynamic roperties          P                                 6
                  PRop,rNe                           C e n e r a lT h e r m o d y n a m i c r o p e r t i e s
                                                                                              P                                 7
                  Bur,cotcl.lt                       G e n e r a lT h e r m o d y n a m i c r o p e r t i e s
                                                                                              P                                 8
                  BureNr                             GcneralThermodynamicPropertics                                             o
                  CHLonrNr                           GeneralThermodynamicProperties                                            t0
                  At'lt'roNte                        Gcneral Ther'modynamic                   Properties                       ll
                                                     S o l u b i l i t yo f A n r m o n i ai n w a t e r                       ' L

                                                     A m m o n i ac o n t a m i n a t i oo f p r o p a n e n d b u t a n e
                                                                                               n                a              tl
                  V r N v LC r r t o r r r u t       GcneralThermodynamicPropcrties                                            l4
                  M Elrt,rNot-                               r                                P
                                                     C e n e aI T h e r m o d y n a m i c r o p e r t i e s                    t5
                  FreoN l2                                                                    c
                                                     C e n e r a lT h c r n r o d y n a m i P r o p e r t i e s                l6
                  F n t , o N2 2                     C e n e r a lT h e r m o d y n a m i c r o p e r t i e s
                                                                                              P                                l7
                  Oxvct':N                                                                    P
                                                     C c n c r a lT h c r m o d y n a m i c r o p e r t i e s                  Iti
                  N ttxt.lc t r'l                    C c n e r a lT h c r m o d y n a m i c r o p c r t i c s
                                                                                              P                                t9
                                                     D e n s i t yu n d e r v a r y i n gc o n d i t i o n s                   20
                  Wl'rrx                              Gencral           Properties
                                                             Thermodynamic                                                     7l
                                                      C eneral          Properti (conittue )
                                                             Thermodynamic    es    t    d                                     22

             DIAGRANlS
                                                                                                                               11
                  PnopnNL                                   Thermodynamic
                                                      Cencral          Properties
                                                                                                                               aA
                  Bur,rNc                                   Thermodynamic
                                                      General          Properties
                  At'tt'.toNt,r                       Ceneral          Properties
                                                            Thermodynamic                                                      25
                  E r H a N e , P R o r e , r u E B u r , r N e M t x r u R e s - C u r v e so f D e w P o i n t
                                                  ,
                                                                             -Curves of BubblcPoint                            al
                                                                                                                               t t




             CONVI'RSION 1'AI]LtrS
                     -l'cnrpcraturc
                                         ..                                                                                    29
                     L e r r g t hA r e a ; M a s s ; F o r c e
                                  ;                                                                                            30
                                Volumc                                                                                         3t
                                Density                                                                                        32
                                Heat,Energy n d W o r k
                                          a                                                                                    J-)


     i
                                Power                                                                                          34
                                     re
                                I)ressu                                                                                        35
                                Rate of Flolv                                                                                  36
a;

                                N o t e so n C o n v e r s i o n a b l e s
                                                               T                                                               37
 i




 :
           Molcular WcrSlrr
           Boilins Poinr (.r t bar)                                                              ''        1 6o {
           Limi(t of Inflrnrnrabilirv
                                                                                                 ..      _t6l.J.c.                                                                                  METI{ANI]                          CII,
           Ignitiqa T3r1r161 s .                                                                 ..        s+l5Z
                             1
           Crirical Tcmpcrarurc                                                                             59J.C
           Vircoriry in liquid pharc (rr
                                                                                                         _ 8?J.C.
                                                 _ lo0-C.)
                                                                                                 ..     .i lJ Ccntipoilcr




                                                                     PROPERTIES OF LIQLAD AI\'D SATLTRATED VAPOLTN,



                                                                                                                                                                   Srscrnc VoLusr                               EgxrLry              L^TEtsT
                                                                                                                                                                       m,/k8                                      kca 1.,k8           ![E^r

- 165                                                                                                                                                                      Liquid                 Liq uid               l
                                                                                                                                                                                                            V e p o u rL i q u i d k c a l / t s
- 150                                                                                                                                              f.5t       0 0{,{9
-r55                                                                                                                                                                   0.0027{l         1 5{ t      t65     l,l s | .t s,             I 00.2
                                                                                                                                                 I t.99       eoJtl       2t2l          | 9.{9              r.2 2 I ,(6.1
- t50                                                                                                                                            | {.7E       o.o{ 2t
- l{5                                                                                                                                                                     29ti         21.16        144     r , . 2 II J r J           90.9
                                                                                                                                                 t a.o2       OO J J T .  l0tE         2E.01        .il2    1 1 2 . 1 5 61
                                                                                                                                                 21.76        } O 2 EJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     |                 85 . 6
- I4{)                                                                                                                                                                    lt{l         l r'09       llE     r1r.7 61.2                 I9.5
- tJ5                                                                                                                                            :6 0J                                                               i
                                                                                                                                                              0 02lt     0 00J30J      .J'E6        102     t.05l632
-u0                                                                                                                                              )ot,         G0ttl          I50J      51.J5        286     t)t71747
-l)5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   6{O
                                                                                                                                                 )6.
                                                                                                                                                   t,         c>01{t         j7t!      6E.97        t68     B r 7 I 8 : :              Jt 5
                                                                                                                                                 .:.14        0 0l06         I 200     9{ l{        tl8     1165                       .ll .l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Jetl

                                                                     Norr    l.-En(halpy           blcd      otr kro         rr       - l7lrc.    in liquid phrrc




                                                                            PROPE.RTIES OF SUPERH.F-ATED VAPO UR
                                                         (v-rp€i6c          v o l u m c ,m ! / k 3 . ; h < o r h r l p y ,                       p_rbrolurc Drcitui<)
                                                                                                                                  kql/tr:


                     P-   l 0 bar
                                                                                          P-I5bar                                             P-20bar                             P- 5'0 ber

            0.55?                                             l.]I .5
            0-662
                                                              ll7.!                0 402                  t16E                        o2r,
                                                              I 4 10               o . {t 5               I42.6                       0.124
            o.7lJ                                             148   7
            0.?69                                                                  0 {69                  |48.1                       0.]47                                0ll7
                                                              |54.{                o50l                                                                                                    t 1 5a
                                                                                                          t 54.0                                                           0 t{7           t 5 lr
           0-s44              t50,a          0 ir9            160-l               0.517
           otTt                                                                                           l5*7                        0.J97               159.0           0 t56
                              I&.1           0 79J            | 6 5t              o572                                                                                                    1 5 6t             0 04{                I 4 E4
           0 . 92
               l              t 7 t8         L l6 . 1
                                                                                                          t65.5                       o1L2                | 61-7          o t66           1 6 21                 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                             0.o.{
                                                              r T t J             o607                    lll.l                       o4.(6                                                                                       1 5 12
           0.988              I 7 ?6         Lr892            111.2               o6,{|
                                                                                                                                                          l-10.{          ol7.a           1 6 5I             005r                 l@0
           t.o44              lEi l                                                                       I 76.t                      o.112               t 1 67          0 ttJ           r'71?
                                             0 910            182.9               v611                    IE2.5                       G.t9t                                                                  009                  r6 5 . 7
                                                                                                                                                          lEr.9           o . t9 i        1 7 95             0 058                l7t4
-6 0          lgr
- 5 0                        I E9.0          0 9a-l          Itt.7                0.7
                                                                                    n
              rJ9            t942                                                                        Itt.t                        0.52J              t87 6            0.20J           It5l
- ,(0                                         r 0t9          | 9 4{               o 118                  t 9 10                                                                                             0 062                t11-l
                             200 6            | 090                                                                                   0.549              t9l.l            0 2il           r 9 06            0 065
                                                             200.r                0.?81                  t99.1                        0.576              t99 I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 r8l9
              271            206 l           I l.l9          205-9                                                                                                        o.22 |          196 .             0.069                r 8 86
                                                                                  otr9                   2 0 51                       0@2                2Ut              oz.ll
              JJI            2 t2 . o        i t90           zil 6                0.854                                                                                                   20: I             0 07J                l9{ {
                                                                                                         2tt 2                        o 617              2loJ             0.240           201 9             0 0r6                lml
           I lt6                                             2t 7 . l
           1.46                                                                   0 tt9                 1t6 9                         0 653                               0.1.49
                             2 2 11                          ltj 0                0 925                                                                                                                     0 060                205
,    l0    1.502             229 7                                                                      272.6                         0.680              2 2t . 9         0 25t                             0.06:
                                                             7 1 81               0.960                 228.1                                                                                                                    llr
     10    t.556             2l{.9                                                                                                    0.706              ))7,7            0.268                             0 066                7t1 J
                                                             ? . i 15             0.994                 2l4.O                         0 ?10
     l0    l6 r2             t40 7                           2 4 02                                                                                      : D.1            0 278                             0 069                ?21o
                                                                                  l.0tl                 2 1 98                        0 755              2 J 9I           0.28?                             0 091                2 2 8/
     4    I gtt              2r{,.5                          1 J 59
     :!   L 7:l                                                                                         u5.5                          0 1tl              lu9              0.196           zll 9
                             I:]                             _(t,5                                      tlL:                          slo{                                                                  0 09i               2_]-r6
     60    1.778             251-9                                                                                                                       :_41 /!          a:{):           :{r,(             qrqi'               :s). 1
                                                             lJ7 {
     70   , .8ll                                                                                        2 5 69                        0 829               2J6 l           Gtl6            l5l :             orm                 ? 4 60
     t0   I.EEE              269.J                                                                           7
                                                                                                        _.6_r.                        at51               -i6_r o          o t:5           l_$'9             o t0)
                                                             2681'                                      268 4                         0.E76                                                                                      -'J / .f
                                                                                                                                                         267.7            0 i16           26.l.6            o 106               2515
     90   1.9{l              1?5.1      I     t{6            1 1 41
    t00   | .995             280.9      I     l9{            280 2
                                                                                                        1-t{.1                        0.901              2'D {            0.}{5          2 1 0l             0 106
    Il0   2.U9                                                                    1 259                 719.7                         0.925              279 |            or57
                             186 6      i     t+.a           :8J 9                I.rct                                                                                                  2159               otil                268.9
    t20   2.102                                                                                         2 E 55                        o-950              2Ut              0 J64          26t 6
                             19.2l      I     E9{            2916                t.127                                                                                                                      o lt1               271.8
    LL    2-l 56             }i, I                                                                      !9r'2                         0.975              290.,            Gl76           2 8 7l             o lt6
                                        l     9;6            tr.l                I .)60                 196 9                                                                                                                   l8G 5
                                                                                                                                      o 999              f96 l            O lE4          2gl0               o l19               lE6 )
    t10   2.109              J O J8      I   9S8
    r50                                                      JOJI                I J9{                  t01.6                         t'021
                             llo0       :    0:7             loE 8                                                                                       J02.0           0.J95           29t.5              0   t72.            79t 9
    t60   2 . 1l 6                                                               1.129                  108.1                         l.o{9              107?            o{04
                             l r 52     r    061             irl J               1.467                                                                                                   lo.{.1             C   I:J             291.6
    r70                      l2l I      :    il5             J20 2
                                                                                                        ll{ |                         t.071              lll.l           e,il,(          109 9              0   t28             l0l .{
                                                                                 1.491                  I r9.t                        r.@9               I t9.2          o 121           115  7             0   |]l             109.2


                                                                 Nor        I .-Enrhrlpy         bascd on .cro .t                 -   llJ.C.     in liquid pherc




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   i


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                - (



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (

                                                                                                                                                                                                            ._-__      - 0
ETHYLENE cz H+                                                                                                                     Moteuhr Wcrjhr
                                                                                                                                   Bolliot P_oln-3.(rt b.r)
                                                                                                                                                     I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      .'       28 05

                                                                                                                                   Limiu oflllbmmrbility                                                                       1.2+2E6
                                                                                                                                   l3nitlon Tcmpcnturc ..                                                                      '125'C      .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ' .
                                                                                                                                   Criticrl Tcrnpcnturc     ..                                                                 9'7'C.
                                                                                                                                   Virority ln liquid phe (rl- loo'C.)                                                         'l t0 Ccntipoitca
                                                                                                                                   viro3ity in Gtpur     pbrr (rl 0'C-)                   -,                   ..    ;,'        0 O 9 J 3C c n t i p o i r c


                                                                                P,ROPERTIES OF LTQUID AND SATI'RATED                                        VAPOUR


             Vatolrr          Strcrrtc voLUx:                    DT.NITY                    Efn{ALrY             Ler:rr                           V^tour            S?!clrtc voLUxE                 DEsrrY             Evrx^LrY                L^TENT
Ttxr         Prrgurr               m)/tr                          ! t,/ hJ                   Lcrl/l j             Har                    Tur,     Praur!                  mJ/re                      I g/nr)            lql/k8                  H t^T
 'c.           brrt                                                                                                                                 brrr
                            Vrpout               Lhuid                  Uquid        vrpourl Liquld              LcrUks                                            Vrpour I      Llquid        V r p o u r l L i q u i d Vrgour I Liquid        kcrl/l t

- l0l                                                                                                                                    -,ll                                                   '10.7                                             9t.9
                 o.7tJ      0.406              I
                                            0.00 t.0           t.65     5?a-6             It0.t         t.t      I t at                             Il.L      0.oatl 0.001091                             111-9      Dl.0 | l9.l
- t06            0ilt       o trl              It{9            | .E6    t7t l             |204          ,'0      I t5.4                  -16        | 2.0t    $0457       2lt0     71.9                   ,17
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1.9      Dr.2 | 10..                  90.8
- l0{            ot96       0.{59              l7,l            t.t l    t6t'9             t20t          6.0      I l,t.t                 -u         1 2 . 1 7 ooa27       2 l2 t   2t.1                   ,170.0     D t . t I 1 1t               89.5
- t0l            l.ilt      0.410              lN61            2 . )t   J65.t             t2 l . l      7.0      I t1.t                  -17        t 3.66 G0401          2 t 1 6 2,1.E                   166.7      Dl.5 I 11.2                  t 8.1
-t00             t..l5l     0.t79              I?76            764      t62.9             Itr.(         t.t      | 13.1                  _40        1 1 .t5   o0177    . 2 t 6 , { 26.5                   162.0      D r' . ? |I 4 4 . 7          8J0
-91              l.a0a      0.J,|l          0.00 7t5
                                               |               l.9t     r60.0             |ll l          9'l     n l.7                   -31           t5"39        0.0t56 0 002|t1              2t.t      45'r.t    llt.t | 16.1                  ES.7
-96              I'J52      oll I              | ?9J           1.2|     tt?.1             t22.7         |0.2     I t2.0                  -35           t5.I         0.0J3,1    72t1              29.9      .J1.7     Dr.9 I 4?6                    8 41
-9{              |.71,      0.til              I t0{           J.J6     Jt l.l            | 2 6         I t.2    lll.1                   -J{           11.27        0.0I4    .7226               il.t      119.2     Dt 9 | {9.1                   82.8
-91              r.92{      0.15t              Il]             t92      tl l.'l           r229          r2.l     r t0.6                  -32           I t'29       o0296      221t              ll.8      111.7     t)r.9 | 50.6                  8t . l
-90              2.t21      0.1)t              It24            4!l      Jal.a             |2 t . 2      It.1     109.8                   -30           t9.ll        o.07n      2217              t6.l      440.1     Dr'9 1 52.2                   19.7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              t.'
-tt              tvl         0 . ! tI       0 . 0 0t l a
                                                  I            1 11.    9a5.5             I 1J.5        la.1      I09t                    -21
                                                                                                                                          -16
                                                                                                                                                       ro.ir        0.0261 0.002297              1r.l 4 1 5 . 4      rJl'r I sJ.t                  7t0
-16              l.tt6       0.t9a                | 144        5 . t5   ,.2.6             | 2r-9        t5.6      I Ot.l                               2r.5t        0'02.r5   212l               40.t 4 ) 0 . 5      llr.6 | 5t.1                  162
-aa              2'110       0 ' t? t             llrl         5.62     t)9.?             |24.1         I6.7      I 07.5                  -21          27.11        o.01to    2tt0               4!.5      att',     Dt'! | Jt.o                   74 1
:ll              t.tla       0.16.                It6,         6 .t 0   Jl 6 . t          |2a.t         t1'9      | 06.t                  -11          2 t . 9|     o02r,                        a6.J      alG4      |lt t | 5t7                   77.1
-t0              !.405       0 . t5 0             tttS         661      ,]J.J             |2r.l         t9.0      t06.t                   -10          25 . 2 0     0.0202    2408               19.5      1t 5-2    r 10.r | 60.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                I
-tl              t . ?| l    0 tJl           0 . 0 0r r t
                                                   I           7r5      5 J 0a            I l5.a        10.1      I 05.J                  -tt          16.50        0 0tt9             t
                                                                                                                                                                                 0 0014,4        519       409.6      tJ0.a     |    62.1          6E.r
-14              aoSt        0 - r2 t              | 897       111      ttt.r             | 25.9        2r.!      I 04.6                  -ta          27't8        0.0t 7 7           5
                                                                                                                                                                                     211         56.5      40a.0      D0. r     |    6,r'0         66.t
-14              'l.aO6      0 . tt l              t9a9        111      524.2             | 26.1        22't      |0t.t                   -ta          29.2'        o.0t66           25r!        @.2       t9?.9      r29r      |    659           619
-71              1.r4,       0.r0t          '      r92l        9 17     Jro.7             t26.1         2).7      |0l.o                   -tt          t0.79        o . o t5 5       25Jt        u.5       }9r.t      t29.a     |    67.9          6t.J
-t0              5 . tt t    o.lol                 l 9) a      990      5rt.l             t2t.l         21-9      | 02.2                  -t0          ,2.t2        0 . 0| a 6       2598        6t.5      ItJ.0      r29.t     |    70.0          59.r

                 3.601                      0 . 0 09 . 6
                                                  I            l0 6    5 lt . t           I tt.a        1a.t      t 0l.l                  -t           !J.9t        o0r'6        0.00r515        ?t.5      t7t.l      129                         57
      4          6-O59       0.o87                |919         I r.5 5t0.a                | 2?.1        27.t      t@.5                    -6           !5'51        0.0 2t
                                                                                                                                                                       |            2699         7tl       t70.5      t2t            71           t{
-u               6.5).       0 0rl                l9?l         | 2 r to6.9                |2l.l         2t.6        99.5                  -a           t7.26        c0t r9          2tJt         ta.o      t62'5      l2?            16           JI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ,r8
 -61             7.0)t       0.0?5                1987         | 1 . 2 501.t              t2t 6         29.t        9t.t                               19.01        G o rt 0        2826         90.9      !$.9       t27            79
                 7'56.       0.07|                2@l          l,l I   a99.1              t2t.9         lt.l        97.t                   0           40.91        0.0t02          2906         98.0      1 4 4I'    126            t2           {4
:60
-'51             t . rI t     0.067         0.001015           t a9     a 9 6l      Il9 l               11.4       96.9                                17.11        0.0093 0.00299 t 0 ? . 5               Jtl.7      l2,l            t,!         a0
-54              t.701        0.06!            7029            | 6.0    192.1 I 2 9 . 7                 11.7       96'0                    a           44.E0        0.00i4    lrI    I r9.0                llr.0      I It            t8          t5
-54              9.I t        0.0Jt.           20'..1          l7.l     { E 9 . l | 30'l                t r.0      95.r                    6           16.15        qm76      125 I I . 6                  t06.1      t2l             92          29
-tt              9.9t6        &0tte            2060            It.2     , . t 5 . 6 I l0'5              l6.l       91.2                    I           ,rE.9t       0.0064 . l 4 t . I 5 62                2t?.1      I l7            9E          l9
-50              t0.61        0.0t| 6          2076            | 9-4    1 tt . ? DOt                    t7.1       9t.l                   9.1          , t.17       0.@1,     4 5 5 220.O                  220.0      l0t            t0t           0

                                                                                     NorE l. Enthlpt              bercd on zcro rl - I l6'C, in liquid phrrc.




                                                                                                PROPERTIES OF SUPERHEATED                           YAPOUR
                                                                             (v-rpcci6c volumc, ml/kt;                 h<nthrlpy,         kceUkrl P-rbrolutc              prrssurc)


 Tur.                     P ' l 0 brr                                                                                                                                                  P- 5'0brt                               P - l - 10 b r t
      'c.

                    0..5,               I10.3               0.41t              I20.0
                    0.1t6               | 2{.6                 1
                                                            0.,r l             |2( t                    0.tl{              121.0               0'217              frio
                    0.12                t2t.1               0.a67              r2 t . 2                 0.152              t27.1               02@                t26.1
                    0-t)9               t 12.9              0 .92              I 1 2a                   olT l              lll.2               o.271              Ilo.2
                    q-$J                tt7.o               ovt                tr6.J                    ol89               tJ5.1               o7t1               I t1.l
                                                                               I j|{,'t                 u.un               tf,va           . lr'31n, I            T!l.l           ,brrrl              !r1{'L
l ; 9 r          | . 0-49:        i      lall                t, 540
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           =
                    ,nll'               .!Jj:_              J :ti                                    .f{:J                 .q:..             n:l !-r I            ldr:t            o.r:1       "l       t3f 5
       v            Q.tr !              tr9r                o:!.!             I {t.9                 o4rl                  Ir ? . t         ollT                  114.1           U.ITT               I {:.o               \r'r)aU             , Tr'.j
                                                                                                                                             qlro                 .|              otii                                     o$rt                | !t,i
                     05?l               Itl 4               0 612             r 51.0                 o'a61                 t51.9                                    501                               146-'t
      -t0            0 69t              I t7.7              0 6t?              I tt.1                0.4t I                r5tr              0.15.1               I 5.r.9         0.1lE               r r 0t               0.041               t4).!
    ' 0             0.tll               tat.r               0 660              |6l J                    0.a99              160.2               0.J6t              | 59.0           0.1  a.a           |5,4 9               0 0{,1              la6 5
  , l0              0.r'l               |65.9               0 6t,              | 6r..                   o,|t               I 64.1              0.tt I             l5l.l            0 . ta 9           | ,9.O               oo{6                150.7
    ,20             0.111               170.1               0.709              | 69.6                   ot!,               t6t.,               Ol9,l              t67'2            0.t5.r,              t6r.o              0 O,lt              | 5,1.9
    |]0             0.t0t                tra-2              0 7t,              t ? . r7                 oiJ,l              t12.6               G.aO8              t7t.t            0.t60.              167.1               0.0.9               |t9 l
  . lro           . 0.D0                 t ? t4             0 7J7              t71-9                    o512               t16.7               q42l               t75'5            0.t6,r:             t 7t . 2            0.0tr               t6l J

         50          0.t5t              tll 5               0.7tr              Itt.0                    0.590              I 10.9           .0.4J5                179.5           0.t70               175.!                0.05r               t6?.5
  ' . !: 6 0
         70          0.tt J              tl6 6              0 Eo5              It6.l                    o608               It5'o             G.r4t                Itl.7           0 . t7 J            t79.1                0.054               t7r.6
                     09 t0              t90 t               o.t-r0             r 9 01                   o.626              It9.2             O.i62                rt 7 . E        o lll               I Et.5               0.0r5               I75.8
  '. ilrt           o9t6                |9{ 9               O tJ{              19.. {                   o6+1               t9).1             0116                 t9t-9           0.tt6               t67.6                o.05r               180.0
  'iin            :t     ir             't!9-r              '\-t;R             ,t'!*.-                  q.66.t             Lq7.4            0.{49                 t96.0           0.19r               l9t.t                o0J9                Id{:
      ,IUr          J-*V                -v'.!               ,rAtt             Jtl i                     O'fi,              .1^rd               otat               -lno:           0 Lct                t 95.f               0 060               Itt r
  , l l 0
  '                 t.0t6               ? n ? .I            0.927             206.E                  s7@                   105.7               0.tr5              201'1           o20l                | 99.'               $!lol.              r 9 ?o
          l:r,      l{(:                lll {               r,y!J             :rs9                   s111                  :9t                 o !:3              :ot..           o20t                tor.0                0.06r               r96.E
          !10      , 1.069              7 tt . 6            0.9?5             2t5.1                  o7t6                  2t4.0               o5,12              lt 2.5          0-2t2               20t l                0'060               :uJr
  ' r l,l0           t.095              7t9'7               0 999             2t97.                  o'731                 2t8.t               0.5J6              216.5           0.2t7               2t7.7                0.067               205 1
          r50                           llJ.t               1.021              IzJ'J                    0.77r              212.1,              0'549              7t0.7           .0.12J              lt 6.1,              0.06E               209.J
          t60                           2 2 t0              1.017              271.5                    0.79I              275-1               0.5t1              771.9           0.228               zz01                 o070                2rl.J
          170                           2!2.1               t.072              2 tt . 6                 0.t09              230.J               0595               229.0           0.211               221.5                0.072               211'1

                                                                                    Nor: l.-Enthelpy bued on zero rt -ll6'C.                            in liquid phrrc.
                      Moleul:r   Wcight
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ETI{ AN[, . C" II(
                                                                                               l0 l
                      Boiling Point (et I barl                                               - 6t o L_
                      Limit5 of Inflenrnrabilrry              .                               I0+tt       0Z
                     Ignrtion Tcmpcrrturc                                                     Jr5'C
                     Viscority in lrquid phasc (a( - 8J.C )                                   | 52 Ccnt lrcircr
                     Vi;cority in 8r:cous pha:c (ar -20'C.)                                    004)5 Ccntrgoiscs


                                                                                              PROPERTTE.s OF              LIQUtD             AND    SATURAT-ED             vAt'OUt{

I-
t
                                  5P€cttrc VoLUMT                       l)fNlrry                   ENrH^Lfy            Lerrm                                                  s r t c r v r cv o u u s r I       I)r rrtlv                  Exttt^rly
    I f!f.        PrEUrt               nlr/18                                                       k q I / kg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Lert:r I
I
                                                                                                                        HE^T                                 Peasu^f,                 nrj/kg              i       hr/nrJ
                    Dl rt                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           , l l :tr^,rr I
                                                                                                                       hc.l/kr
t_ -
l
                                                                  G;l-Lh",d                                                                                    berr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Vrpourl Liourd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    rc           a I

l - -r o5 o         0 J28         0 tt74                          | 'ti J,lr                     r 2 0I         0
I
I -90
  - t5
       e            o tl2
                    0 . 9 {l
                    r 2t0
                                 *o6lr0
                                 *Jt70
                                  0 40r6
                                                                  | 49(l i 547 6
                                                                  r e t . l J ( 2 <
                                                                                                 l2l{
                                                                                                 t 2 2t
                                                                                                                2 6
                                                                                                                J 6
                                                                                                                                                                  I8.JJ
                                                                                                                                                                 1 90 a
                                                                                                                                                                 |9.51
                                                                                                                                                                              0.0289
                                                                                                                                                                              0 0ltI
                                                                                                                                                                              0.027l
                                                                                                                                                                                           0.002171
                                                                                                                                                                                           0 00lJt{
                                                                                                                                                                                               2t 9 6
                                                                                                                                                                                                               146
                                                                                                                                                                                                               - r 6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 r 6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          .2t.6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4 t 95
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          , l l 7a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tat9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         l,r2.l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         t12l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f9;i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       )9 0        |
                                                                  1 i65 | 5i6.9                  l 2 <0
  *t0               I,JE2         0 lto9                          ] t:o I t.)tl                  t2tl
                                                                                                                t 5
                                                                                                               il6
                                                                                                                                                                 20.04        0.0165           2,.08             t 1      atJ.2          1 1 75                        )rr I
                                                                                                                                                                 20.J5        0 0tJ?           2{21              l 9      aD.o           I12.6                         1 7{
                    2.02l         o 2J7l                          t E e l t : J .                | 265         Ia.J                                              2t-o/                         21)1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   I
                                                                                                                                                                              0-02,(9                                     1 t 09         llt 8                         ?6 6        I
     - t0           1.50?         0 2081              9
                                                0 001 2{          r60              5 1 97
     -6J                                                                                                       17.7     I l00                                    1t.60        0 02{2       0 002{17              l-J      a08.'t         I{J.0         67 I            7 56
                    1.r05         0 t716            I 9.17        5 8.1            JIJ'7         t 2 86        20.6     t082
     -60            1.800         o t{to            r97l
                                                                                                                                                                 22.t1        0.021J           2{60            ,2.5       106.5          1.11.2        682             7 50
                                                                  709              t07 {         r 2 98        2)-1     106.{                                    22.10        0-022E           2111            al.9       t0{.2          l4l.{
     - 55           .a 62,(       o il90            |99)          8{0              t00 7                                                                                                                                                               - ,9 ..2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       60 2            112
     -50
                                                                                                 llo9          266      I 04.l                                   2t.21        0.022!           2488            aJ.l       .02.0          l(1.6                         1,4
                    5 515         0 0999            2010          10.0             a 92 . 8      |]2.]         l0 l     t02 2                                    21.84        0{216            2 502           16.1       t99 7          l{1.7         7t.2            725
     _{9            5.711         0.095t        0 0020,15             t 0{         l9t.{         rJ15       .t0 t       t0tl                                     21.12        0.o2
                                                                                                                                                                                 r0             75t1           11.6       19t.l          l(1.9
     _4E            J.940         o . o 92 l        20{ l             r0 ti        189.9         Il2.l                                                                                                                                                 12J             7   l6
                                                                                                            ll.5        t0l :                                    2 50 |       0.020t            25 1 2         18.8       l9{.9          I.4.1         7l J
                    6 r50         00891             20.{8             l r l        4 E 8l        DJ0                                                                                                                                                                   1   06
                                                                                                            I2.2        t00 8                                    2 56 2       0.0200            2J4t           500        l9!.{          I44 1
     _ {6           6.169         0086|             2 0 55            il6          1 8 67        lll l                                                                                                                                                 144             6   99
     -45                                                                                                    I !.9       t00 1                                    26.24        0.0t9J            2565           Jt.l       It9 9          t4{ t         75J
                    6.590         0.o8l2            206 I             r20          {8J I         |.]]5      I1.6         99.9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       6   19
                                                                                                                                                                 26.t7        o.0190            2582           52.6       irT J          |4.{ 6        166
                                                                                                                                                                                            .
     - {{           6.Elt         0-0t05        0 00106r                           atJ 5         IlJ.t      J{.J        99.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       160
     -4J            7.0r0         0 . 0 77 9        2 0 7J                         4 8t . 9      Il1.l
                                                                                                                                                                 21-50        0 . 0 1 r s 0 . 0 02 6 0|        51.0       1t..5          l4,a t        778             5?0
     _ 11.                                                                                                  t5 0        99 1                                     2 8 l.1      0.01r0             2620                     t 8r ' t       14{9          789             660
                    7.2E8         0.o155            2082                           {to.l         I l4.a        t r.r    98.6
     -,at           1.5t2         o.o7I2            2089                           1 7 E1
                                                                                                                                                                 28.EO        0.017,            2619                      ! ?9.0         l . (t . 0    80r             6{9
                                                                                                 IJ{.6         I6.5     9Er                                      29.18        0 0|70            26t9           Jt.8       ltr I          t 4 5l
     _40            ?.r8,1        o0?09             2096                           47?.1                                                                                                                                                               8r l            61 8
                                                                                                 Il{.9         Ir.2     91 1                                     lo'l 7       0 . 0| 6 5        2680           606        llj I          I 15 . . '    62J             6 t 7
                   t 01J          0.0{35                                           .75 5         l.)5 r    J7 . 9        91 |
     -.tt                                                                                                                                                        f,o.t7       0.0I 60    0 001?01              625        J?0    |       1.45.         tl l           6t l
                   8.lot          0.066.{                                          47.1 E        IJt (     . lt . 7      96 1                                    I r'J8       OOIJJ          7126              u{5        J66   9        l{5 c
     -J1           E t78          o 06{J                                           1 72 . 2      llJ 6     19.                                                                                                                                         t{ 9           60 1
     -- J0                                                                                                               962                                     I 2.lO       o0tto          2150              ( 51       161   6        |{5.6         86 1
                   8.8 J5         o 062.1                                          . 70.J        D59       402           9J?                                     ll0i                                          f90
     -15           9. I t.l       so6(X                                                                                                                                       0.0115                                      160   l        t{r 6         8 7l           J8
                                                                                   r6t t         I16|      {0.9          957                                     ll.7t        0 . 0| 1 0     280{              1 1 4                     I 4 JJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          lJ6   6                      tt .           J6 t
     -J1            9 425         0.05t5       0 0 0 2 1 . lr                     {6?.1          I15.{     1t'1         91.1                         la          v.5{         3 . 0 1 . J 5 0 00ltl,l          7 { .9
     -tl            972           0.o167        . 2 1 4 9                         465.{          l166      12-4         91.7                         I t
                                                                                                                                                                 t5.t I                       .2865            't6 0                     145.0         r9.5          5 5s
                   I0'02          0{J5 |                                                                                                                                      00|l0                                                      t4t 0         906           ,{l
                                                    2 15 1                        461.6          |.]59     .l 2         9J1                         IE           16.10        0.0r2J            289t
     -ll           lo.il          0 . 0 5 IJ        2 l6 5                        {6t.9                                                                                                                        800                       t{5.o         92.0          J l 0
                                                                                                 D7.l      { 1.9        912                         l9           t6.90        0.01 0 2          2 9l l         ?l . l                    | 4,(.1
                   10.64          o'05 r 9          2l7l                          460.1          | 17.1    11 1                                                                                                                                        9.!.]         5i.,
                                                                                                                                                    20           17.7 1       0 oil5            2910           1 5 7                     l{{ J         9{J           JOv
                  t0 96          0 050J        0.002r u                           .r58..a                  ,.5 5        92l                         , l
                                                                                                                                                                 .tr.5{      OOIII         0.001009
    -tt           il29           0.o488            2t 9 0                         { 5 66                                                                                                                                                 t a,a.l       95.t          4t . 4
                                                                                                           16 .l        9r'6                        1 1
                                                                                                                                                                 19.t6       o ol07            to50                                      r1l9          Q?.t          161
                  il6l           o.0474                                           { 54.8                   11.1         9r.0                                     ,40.2l      0-ol0l
                  | 1.98         0.0460                                                                                                                                                        t095                                      t4l{          966           4{E
                                                     t208                         1 52 . 9                 1 19         90J                                      at{9        o 0099            lrll                                      r . 28
                  r2.lJ          o o.(4l             l: |7                        .Jt.l                    .8 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      r 0 00         12 I
                                                                                                                        899                                      1t.91       o-@95             lr97                                      l{1.0        l0l 4          406
    -21           11.69          o0.(J4            1
                                               0.002 26           2J0             149 2        IJE.9       49.5         t9 1                                     1Z-t7       0.009I        0.00t15r                       .]06.9         tal.l        I02.t          lE l
                  |].05          oo42 |           22 1 6          :l 8            447.-l       Il9.l       50 1         88 . E                                   41.7t       0 0087                                       l@.6           | 40.0                      t( e
                  | 1.,(2        o{.o8            2 2 1J                          14s.1                                                                                                                                                               ts{ l
                                                                                               | .t9 .l    Jt.r         88:                                      11-1|       o.mt!.             1404                      2 9 18         l )t.9       r 0 56         lJ l
                  ll.Et          o-0196                                           441.5        Il9.J       5r'9         87 . 6                                   ,45{5       o.m7E              )191                      2 8 60         Il7.l
                  I ,{.20        0 0185              2264                         44t.1                                                                                                                                                               r 0 ?o         l0 l
                                                                  t60                          ll9 8       52.8         87.0                                     45.60       0.0074             16.10                     2 7 J5         llJ.6        t 0 8l         2r- l
                  t4 60          0   0J71      0 0 0 2 27 J                       JJ9.E        t40 0       51.6         t6 1                        lt           17 51       0.0061        0 00J922           l,rl 0      2 5 50
                  I 5.00         o   016l           218!                          {j,.6        t{02        51 1         8 56                                     48.5        0.0056            .ttJ           I78.6       2 1 07
                  IJ 4l          o   0ltl                                         rlt 8        l{0 I                    85.1                                     49 t0       0 @{9             49JO           20{ 0       :o{ 0
                  lJ 81          o   ol4l            tt05                         {ll.E        t 4 07      56.2         845
                  |6 21          0   0lll            2lt6                         { J t 8      1 4 09      ,7 1         81.6
    -l{                                                                                                                                        NoTi        l.-En(halpy       bascd on zcro tr       - l@'C.in           liquid ohast
                     I
                  16.7           0 0l1J        0 002.127          lr 0            { 29.E                   51.9         tJ.l
                  r7.r6          0 . 0 tt 4        2ll6           l l 9           It7 S                    58.6         E25
                  17.61          0 0l0J            2J49           1 28            , { 2 58                 1q.l         El . t
    - t r         t, .o7         0.0297            2)60           I1.7            tll.7                    @.6          8t.t
    - l0          I8.J5          0.0289            2t12           1 46            12t.6                    6r.5         80.{


                                                                                               P R O P E R T I E SO F S U P E R H E ^ T E D V A P O U R
                                                                                   ("-:pcci6c volunE. mJ/k8; h<nlhalpy, kcel/kg; P<bsolurc prcrsu.c)

    TEHP.                     P=l0bar                                                                             P-l5bar                                   P- 2'0 bar
      'c.                                                                                                                                                                                         P-5 0 bar                                    P-     l, 0 ba.
                        '     l             h                     "           l                                                                                                                                                      -           l        h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   -t_
             t0        os 1 9 j           rrr.s               o4El            i       tll l               0.lsr
             10        0.556         |    | 2J.2              o 506           i       t 2 5I              o169                                       0     276             124.2
             50        0.J81         |    r2r'9               o 5.]|          I       r 2 68              0 lt7                                      0     289             | )t.o
             50        0.6il         |    ll26                o 156           I       r - ] 25            o 405                                      0     Jol             lll.6
             4{        0.619              D6 l                0 56r           I       t162                0 421                                      0     ll6             I l5.l
            30        0.666               l{0 0               0 606                   tJ9 9.              0.4.11                 I J9.5              0..310                lJ9 0            0 I19
            70        0.69,a              | 46.6              o6ll                    r4l 5               0.161                  r.1lI               ol.{J                 142.7            o.124
            l0        o-121               t41 J               0 6J6                   | 4 72              o.179                  t,a6.E              o.157                 t46-4            0 . t2 9
             0        0-7{9               t5r.0               0681                    I5G9                o.191                  150.5               Gl7 t                 I50.1            0 . 11 4                                      0.040
            l0        0 ?76               151                 0 706                   | 54.6              0.515                  |512                ol8.l                 | 5l.E           0D9                                           0.042
           10         O.EOJ               156                 0 7-l|                  r 5 El              U.)JJ                  1 5 79              0.t9t                 I57.5            0'1.1.1               |56.{                  0.(Xl                    r<l.t
           l0         0.81   |            t62                 0 7t6                   162.0               oJ5l                   16r.6               G 4 lI                t6t.7            0.t49                 160|                   0.044                    tt? )
           40         0 . t5 t            165                 0 780                   |6J.7               0.5?0                  |65.1               0.425                 164.9            0.t54                 r6t 9                  0.046                    r6tl
           )U         0.Et5               t69                 o 805                   |69.1               0.58t                  169-0               0-rl8                 |63.6            o t59                 t61.6                  0.047                    i6J.0
           60         0.9r1               t7l                 0.E-10                  r7J0                0.606                  t726                0.452                 I72.1            0.t64                 t?t.a                  0 049                    t690
        10            0.940               1 7 6t              0.t55                   t16.1               0.611                  l'r6.J              0.466                 t 76.0           0.169                 |?51                   0.050                    Il:9
        EO            0.967               l t0.5              o E80                   1 8 04              0 642                  rt0.0               0.479                 179.1            o 174                 t 7 69                 0.052                    | 7 6t
        90            0.995               It4.2               0 905                   1 8 4|              0.660                  |il.7               0.491                 Itl.4            o r?8                 It2.7                  0 0Jl                    1 8 07
       100            | .022              tEl 9               0 9.11                  | 87.8              o679                   I87.1               0.506                 |87.r               t
                                                                                                                                                                                            0.8l                  It6(                   0 055                    l8.i ?
       Ir0            r. 0 5 0            r 9r . 6            0 956                   t9l.J               o697                   l9t.t               e520                  |90.8            0.tt8                 1 9 02                 0.056                    1 8 86
       120            t.077              1 9 5l                                       1 9 5I.             0 . 75
                                                                                                               t                 t9{.t               0.5i1                lga4              0.1 J
                                                                                                                                                                                               9                  l919                   0 05t
       ll0            |.t04              r 9 89                                       1 9 88              0 7l{                  198.4               0.5{7                t98.1             0.t98                 t97.t                  0 0J9
       l{0            l.n2               2 0 26                                       202.5               o 152                  202.1               0.561                20t.t             o.201                 2 0 r. t               o 06l
       t50            I ' IJ 9           206 l                                        206 2               0 770                  20t E               0 574                205.J             o 203                 205 2                  0.062
       160            t.:t6              2100                                         209 9               0 7E8                  2c'5                o.<tt                za9-2             0.2tl                 209-O                  0.06{
       170            | 2t4              lt) 1                                        2D.6                0'30i                  t r l . t           0@l                  2t2.9             0.218                 2t21                   0.065
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        (
                                                                                         NorE l.-En(halpy              bascdoo rcro .t             - l@.C. in liquid pharc


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ,(
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ....L
PROPYLENE Cs Ho                                                                                                              Molcuht Weight
                                                                                                                             Boilint Polot (rr I bs)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      -47.rc.
                                                                                                                             Lioilt of lnlhmmrbility                                                                    2+l l'l
                                                                                                                             lgnltlon Tcmpcrriure , .                                                                    ,197'C.
                                                                                                                             lrnitLoo Enaty          ,,                                                                  - | millijoulc
                                                                                                                             Criticrl Tsmpcnturc ..                                                                      I | .4'C.
                                                                                                                             vh.sltt t! Ocu                    (rt 2o'C.)                                               ' 0 O 8 4 6C < n t i p o i s c r
                                                                                                                                                       tbs

                                                                                   PROPERTTES LTQUID AND SlrUn.^TID
                                                                                            OF                                                            VATOUR

                                                                     D€NsrrY                                                                                                                                                            L^TENT
         I V^rour I SrrctrrqVoruxr                              I                                                                                                                                                                        HEAT
    Trvrlhusurrl         m)lkl                                  I     lt/mr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        kcrllk 8
                                                                                                      Liquid
                                                                                                                                      0          t.t1        ooE2          0.00tllt    l 1.20        5 . . ! . 1| r 5 t ' 5 | 6 t . l      90.2
                                                                            6 r r . . 1 . 1 . 6 )a1 . 2
                                                                                                ,                                                            q0795            Il!0     | 2'5t        5 { 6 . 6l l 5 t r l 6 ! . r          90.0
    -50          09{                0.{59 I 0.o0r6m                 t.|l                                        t05.1                 I          6.01t
                                                                                                                                                             o07?             IUt      I 2.99        51t.r I r59.r 1 69.!                  t9-t
    -a9          0.9,rt             0-{41    I       t6l,                   6tJ.' |       116.7        1t.9     I O1't                           6.105
    -at          0.991                                              2!6     6r) 6 |       l.t'l        .2.6     I01.5                 J          6.!9        o074             I t10    D.J t         1 1 r . 5 l l t 9 . 5 l7 0 ' l        E9.a
    -a7          t.05                                               24J     6il.t |       1.t.5        4l.l     I oa.l                a          6.'l        G 0 7t           Itt5     14 . 0 9      5 4 l . 9l r 1 9 l l ? 0 . t          t9.0
    -a6          r.t0                                               t17     @9.1 I        l.t 9        . t.9    I oa.o                5          6.tl        oo595            Ilr0      l a.l9       5 4 0 ' tl 1 6 0 ' l | ? l , l        8t . 7
    -a5          I 'l ,             o.tn     I       161l           261     6Ot.6 |       t.t 2        41.1     r o tI
                                                                                                                                      a                                    0.001rst                  5 J r . 1l 1 6 0 . . [ ? r . 0        tt.{
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                                                                                     PROPERTIES OF LIQUID                       A.FID SATUN,ATED VAPOUR



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                                                       ? l t . l                0.,t57                   2)0.6                  0.119                      229.5                  0.2r1               229'0               0.t07

                                   0.519               2J5.1                     0 47I                   2J4.t                   0.t4t                    ltJ.?                      I
                                                                                                                                                                                  0.26                lJ1.4               0tt0                    1.r0.1
                                  0.51l                2t9 6                     0.1lt                   219.1                   ql57                     2lt{                    v261                :17.t               u t t ,
                                  .095                 tr] t                     0-r96                   2{}.{                   ol5t                     f{1.1                   01?t                111.1               0 . rr 6                :!c t
                                   L66o                24t.t                     0.50t                   2a1,6                   o175                     716.1                    o2u                246.6               0 . r1 9                241.4
                                                       2 5 2J                    0 JlI                   2 J t9                  0.ltt                    250.7                    0.2t9              2 5t . 0            0 . r2 2                247.1

                                                       1 5 65                    0 5]J                   156.1                   0'395                    t5{.9                    0.296               155.4              o . tl i                152.1
                                                       2608                      o 5{6                   26()',a                 oaoa                     2t .2.                   ol0,                259.t              0 . t2 7                2J5'a
                                                       2 65 . 0                  0.558                   264.1                   o.4tl                    2 6 14                   0 . tr 0            261.2              0|]0                    2607

                                                                                          Nort l.-Enth.lpy bucd on tcro rr C-271'C. in liquid phrrc.


                                                                                                                                       8



    ----'-.                 --
               I
                     Molaulat wci8hl                                                     J8 I                                                                                                                                n-Lfu'l'Al\r,                         L4 t.I0
                     Boiling Point (at I bar)                                             -o-6'c.
                     Umir of Infirmrubility                                               1.8+8 5i/,
                     lgnition Tcmp<returc                                                 { l0'c.
                     I g n i c i o nE n c r g y                                          rDgror. I millijoulc
                     Viscority in liquid pharc(at 0'C.) ..                               ' 2 1 0C c o t i p o i r c
                     v i r c o l i ( y i n g r 5 c o u rp h a r c ( a t 2 0 " C . )      '0Ol7l Ccntipoisc


                                                                                                T , R O P E R T I E S O N LTQUTDAND sriinrreo                                 v/A'FouR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 -|r-^'t*|
                                                                                                                                                                                  Sf€crnc voLura                           D€NsrrY                   Exix^r.rt
                                      SPEcrrtc voLUM€                                                ENTHAL?Y             l hr$                                                                                                                        lcet/lg ,r 1 I Hc^r I
                                                                                                       kc.t/ks                  HE^r                  TEsr.     Prtsuu                 mt/ks                                kdmJ
TIH   f .        PFsUru                    ml/kc                                                                          I                            'c.                                                                                           -    ,    1      " 1
                   bst                                                                                                                                            batr
                                                                                                                                                                                vreou.                    Liquid                     Lqu iid         'rcul Liquid kcl /r.8
                                                                                      LiquiC V r p o u r l L i r r u i d I k c r l / k s                                                      I                        lvroou                                       I      I
                                                                                                                 lE9            lol2                    o                          o llr I ooore+r                        2 . tl       6ao           58.r | 664 | 917
                       o.to                                                            65'          r4l.l    I            |                                           '06          0.112I          | 6?0                  2.92.        s99           181 |    669 I 915
 -19                   o .t o                                                          651          t42..    1   l9'a     l     lol 0                    I
                                                                                                                 '(oo           lo27                     7            't0          o.Dr I          l6t2                   t.o I        598           58.7 1 67.5 1 912
 -1t                   0 . rI                                                          650          1427     |            I                                           '14                                                                            591| 68l 'l 9lo
                                                                                                                 40J            l025                     J                         o.t2r I         t615                   l.t I        591
                       o . lr                                                          619          lrl.o    l            l
                                                                                                                                                         I            .19          0lll I          l6lt                   J.22         596           Je.1l 68.61 90.8
 -,16                  o . t2                                                          6,18         t.|]4    |   {r't     I      l0ll
 -45                                                                                    u1          r{1.?    l   1r.6     l     l02 l                    {            .21          o.l0l I         l65l                   l.l.l                      5e.8 1 6e2 l 90'6
                                                                                                                                                                                              I
                                                                                                                                                                                   0.29r I 0 0016t{          3.11                      594           60.1        6e7 |         eo1
 -11                   0.tl                                                             6{6 l r&o | .22 | Ioll                                           6
                                                                                                                                                                      '14                                                              591           @.{         7 0 : 2 '|    90.2
 _.ll                                                                                                            {?7 | r0l6                              1                         0.281 |         I 667     l.t4
                       0 .l 4                                                           6.J I l1{.1 |                                                                 .19                          1690      t.65                      592           608         ?0 8 I        90.0
                       0.t5                                                             64.r I l4.r'7 |          1l.l I l0l 4                            I                         0.27{ |
                                                                                                                                                                      .{4          0266 |          169l      1.76                      591           6t.l        ? l l 1      . 8 9 8
 -,al                  o-t 6                                                            et      l r 4 5 . oI { 1 . 8 I l 0 l 2                           9
                                                                                                                                                                      .49                                                              J90           61.4        7r8|          896
 -40                                                                                    6 4 2 1 1 , { 5 . . 1 1 { 1 { 1 1 0 0 9                         t0                         0.258 |         I 696     l . E6
                       017                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             - l
                                                                                                                                                                                              I                                                                  'tl4
                                                                                                                                                                      .51          02s0 | 00c1699            400                       5E9           6l r              I       89J
 -19                   0.18                                                             641     I   l{56 I        d19     |     1007                                                                                                                             '7            89'l
                                                                                                                  155                                                 '60          0 . 2 . r ?I     l:02     1.rl                      J8E           62.0          2.9 I
 -lE                   o.r9                                                             640     1   t{J9 l                l     rm4
                                                                                                                                                                      -66                           I?05     1.27                      581           62.{        ?j.J |        88.9
                       o.20                                                             6le     I   t46.1 |       161     |     l0o2                    tl                         0 21{ |
                                                                                                                                                                                                             ,(.,r                                               74.1 I        86.6
                                                                                                                                                        l1            .1t          0227 |          l;'o8          I                    J86           6t.1
 -J6
 -15
                       G2l
                       o-22
                                                                                        618
                                                                                        6t7
                                                                                                |
                                                                                                |
                                                                                                    t{6.6 |
                                                                                                    1169I
                                                                                                                  165
                                                                                                                  17r
                                                                                                                          |
                                                                                                                          |
                                                                                                                                loo.o
                                                                                                                                 998                    t5            .'t I        0 . r 2 c|     ,1;ll      4 . 55                    584'5         6.10        ? 1. | 8 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   i
                                                                                                                                                                                              I                                                                                88.2
                                                                                                                                                        t6            .t{          o2ll | 00cl:14            1.10                      5tt 5         6.].J       ?ts . r I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ' 5
 -14                   02J                                                              6J5     |   r172 |        411     |     995                                                                                                                                  6.1       8 80
                                                                                                                  482           991                                   .90          0206|            ,it1     4.85                      5t2.5         616
                       024                                                              611     |   tlrJ |                |                                           .97                                                                            6{O         ?6 2 I        67'8
                                                                                        6lt         1179I         188           991                     ll                         0.203I           i,':l    J.m                       J8l.t
                       0.2t                                                                     |                         I                                                                                   5.1 5                    5EO'J         64 1        r6.7 I        87.6
  -ll                                                                                   612     I   l{81 I        .9.1    |     9a.9                    l9           t.0l          0.191|           ir-14                                                        jt.t. |
                       0.16                                                                                                                                                        0'lEt            r?-17 5.1I                         s19           u.6                       8t.l
  -30                  o.tt                                                             6lt     I   rlrJ |        ,(99    I     9E.6                                 I I O
                                                                                                                                                                                              I                                                                                E?t
                                                                                                                                                                     t . t6        olEl Iooolt-1o            s.11                      5t t ,    16{9 | 17t I
  -29                  0.10            l 0l                                             6J0                                                                                                                   5.65                     s17       t652 I ?8.{I                  s68
                                                                                        6)9                                                                          :.21          0 178I           l:11
                       0.tl            0 980                                                                                                                                                                                           516       1 6 5 5| 7 8 9 I              86r
                       0.t 2           0 94t                                            618                                                                          t.ll          ol?t I           l::l   ' s 92
                                                                                                                                                                                                              5t 9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       515       t6J9 I 79J l                  86
                                                                                        617                                                                          t lt          0.'57I           ::{l
 _15
                       0.14
                       o.l6
                                       09r5
                                       0.885                                            676                                                             u            1.4  6        0.f62 I          t14      6 t7                      5D 5.     I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 rft 2 | 80:o'l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   .     l, ."1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               86.
                                                                                                                                                                                               I                                                                               8s9
                                                                                                                                                        76           t.<1          0157 l 0'ool,-4t           516                                166s I Eo6 |
                        0.lt                                                                        1 5 0 1I      512 |          972                                                                                                             t66.8 | 8l.l |                85.7
                                                                                                                                                        11           l6r           0l5r I            i:52     6.5 5                    5 7| 5
                        0.19                                                                        tJO7 l        5 1 . 71       970                                                                              4                              t612 | sr.7.l                 855
                                                                                                                                 968                    tt           2.69          0l1t I           ::55      6.7                      5r0
                        0-41                                                                        r 5 r ' r| 5 4 1 I                                                                                        6.94                     569       t5r'5| 822 |                  851
                                                                                                    tJl.4 I       5 . 1 . 8I     96.6                   79           t.11          0rs I             i;59
                        0.41                                                                                                                                                                         t':62    7 t5                     567.5 1 6 7 8 | E l . 8 |               850
  -20                   0.45                                                                        t 5 1 . 7|    554 I          961                    l0                         0f10 |
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          t         l
                                                                                                                                                                                                I                                                                              848
                                                                                                    r<t.n         5 59                                  ll           1.95           0lJ6 |0001:66              / J)                    566.5 l6s.r I t:lJ I
  - l9                  0.47                                                                                                                                                                                                           565       168.1 1 81.9 1                84 5
  - lE                                                                                              l 52.1        56.5                                               ,04           o ll2 I           i;70  ;?.55
                        0-{9                                                                                                                                                                         l'ir1                             564       r68.t I E4.5 i                84 1
                                                                                                    | 51.7        5,7.0                                              ! . 13         0.129|                                                                                     841
                        051                                                                                                                                                         0.1:, I          t111      7.98                    562.J 1 6 9 r I E 5 0 |
  -16                   o.5l                                                                        | 51.0                                              ]J           1.22                                                                                                      81,
                                                                                                                                                        l5                          0.1:: I          lr'61     8.20                    5 6 1 . 5 1 6 9 . { . 18 5 5 I
  -15                   o56                                                                         r5J.l         58.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                  I
                                                                                                                                                                                     0 . 1 1 9| 0 ' 0 o l ' t t s          E.al        )ou           1 6 97 I     E6.l         tJ.6
  -l'a                  0.5E                                                             6t1 | lsl6 | st6 |                      950                    JO           t.1z                                                                                         86'5         8l4
                                                                                                                                                        l7           t.52            0il6 I            l'i89               a s         5 5 85        l?00   |
  -                     06l                                                             6 n I t 5 l 9 | 5 9 1 I 9 4 !                                                                                  t?91                8.90        551           t10 I  I     E1.2         E1 . 2
      l J
                        uoJ                                                             612 ltJ.{l | 597 | 946                                          .lE          1.61            o . l1 2 |                                                                                8t.0
  -lt                                                                                   6il | r516 I 60l | 941                                          .]9                          o.rot I          I ?96                9 . t5      556           l 70.7 |     E7.7
                        o.66                                                                                                                            40                           o.lc6 |           ltoJ                9.19        5r5           1 7r . 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            I     88,1         82 . ?
                        o.69                                                             610 l l519 l 60e l                      9{o                                  t'6 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            I
                                                                                                                                                                                           I
                                                                                                                                                                       .92.          0roj | 00olEo4                         9.61       554           llll   |     868
                        0-12                                                             609 | rss2 I 6l'{ |                     e3t                    4t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       5J2.5         r7r'7 |      59.4          82 . . 1
                                                                                                                   620 |         915                    1l                           0-l0r I   I 608                        9.88
        E               o.75                                                             608 | l5r5 |                                                                  .14                     1612                       l 0 . l5     J5r.5         r72.0 I      89.9          8 : .I
        't                                                                               6 0 7 l r r r 9 l 6 2 . 61 9 1 3                               a3                           0{99 I
                        o.7E                                                                                                                                                         0.097|    lEl6                       IO.4   I     5t0           1 7 2I |     90.4          8l .9
                        08l                                                              606 | t562 |              6l.r I 9l l                          14                                                                                                                      8l'6
            6                                                                                                                                                          .JU           0{rr.      lt2l                      10.6'l       549           r72.6 I      91.0
            5           oE4                                                              60J l1565l                61.61 929                            15
                                                                                                                                                                                           I                                                                 I
                                                                                                                                                                                     o.oe! | o.octt25 t 0.95                            547.5        1?2.9 |      9l'6          Et.3
                                                                                         6M lrs6tl 6,.21 92'5                                           16            151
            1            0.t?                                                                                                                           17            1.61           0{90 |     rt30 I t . 2 l                          v6.5         | 73.1 |     92.1          8t.l
            J            09l                                                             60! | r57r I 617 I 921                                                                                 I 835 I 1.49                            5.{5         l ?1.6 |     92.7          809
                         o94                                                             602 I157.5 |              65 1 |         92'2                  1l            4.7t           0{$8 l.                                                                                    80.6
                                                                                                                                                                      1.92           0.066 I    I t.o | 1.11                            5.{1.5       r7l 9 |      9l.l
            t            0.98                                                            6 0 r I r J T t | 6 5 . 8|               920                   49
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     r74.: |      9l.E          E0.4
                                                                                         600 I l58.r| 651 |                       917                   50            5.06           0{61       ' 645 l 2 ' 0 7                         542
                                                                                                                                                                                           |


                                                                                                    Sort     l.-E!tbt&y           bwC       o   l{a   1! - t:9'C- ia tiquid qb]g



                                                                                                     PROPERTIES OF SUPERHEATED VAPOUR
                                                                                          (y-rpccific r olumc. ml/k8 ; h<nthrlpy kql/k8; P-'btolu!c                                        i:5iurc)


                                                                                                                                                                P - 2 - 0b a r                                     P-JObet




              0'             0.3?I                 158.1
             l0              0.388                 tot l                                                                                                                                                    -
             70              o105                  t66.1                                                                                                     0.197               16.1.6 |
                                                                                                                                                             0-206               t690   |                   -
            'J0              o.422                 1 7 05
                                                                                                                                                             0 2 t5                                         -                      =
             40              0 4t9                 114.'t                                                                                                                        l I ) :          |



             (n                                                                                                     0.289                  11E.2             0 tr1               t11.6            |         C Ots                  I 74.1
                             0.455                 t79.0                0 410                   t7t.9                                                                                                       c-otT                  l 1 69
                             0 . {7 l              t8l.l                o.425                   t8l.l               &108                   1t?.6             o2l2                1820             I
                                                                                                                    sl t8                  181.2.            0.?40               |E6.5            |         OO9O                   Itl.7
                70           0,t87                 | 87.8               0 440                   187.8                                                                                                                              I 88.6
                t0           0-501                 t92.)                o 455                   | 9 21              o l2t                  r9 1 . 8          0.2rt               l9t 2            |         oo9l
                90           0 . tl 7              197.0                o {?0                   t97.0               0.llE                  t966              o256                igeo             I         Goe6                   l9l:5

                                                                                                                                                                                 200.1                |     0-099                  r9E.5                i n71              190.J
        100                  0.53t                 20t.7                 0.1t4                  201.7               0.11€                  201.4              0.t64                                                                                                      . l96.1
                                                                                                206.4               0.158                  2062               s27l               205.t                I     cllol                  20t.5                o029
        ll0                  0 545                 206.4                 0.498
                                                                                                                                                                                                            C '1 0 7               /so                  0 010
        t20                  0.557                 2 rl . l              0-51I                  2ll.l               0.36E                  2 tr {             0.27E              2t0-6                I
                                                                                                                    0.3?8                  2 t5 . 8           o2tJ               2r5.t                I     olll                   2t).7                0.012            |    /V l'6
        ll0                  0.569                 2 1 58                0.524                  2t5.8                                                                                                                              2lE.9                o-0ll
        140I                 0.58I                 220.8                 0.517                  220.8               o38E                   220.E              0.29r              2206                 |     cll{
                                                                                                71s.8                0.19   8              2?5.t              0.297              225.r I                        ollt                 771.1               0 0f4                1t9.?
            r50               0.591                 7758                 0.549                                                                                                                                  ot22                 229.1               c0t 5
            150               o.605                 2 t o8               o 561                  2lo8                 o.407                 2t o t             o.tol              2lo.t                I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         0 0t6                2l1.7
                                                                                                2 1 5I               0 . 4l 6              2t5-t              0.109              2 1 5t               I         c|'126               2J1.5
            170               0.617                 2r5.E                0.571

                                                                                                                                                               - 129'C. io I'iquid ph*.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             {
                                                                                                         Non      l.-Eothelpy           bercd oo 4ro     rl


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           , (

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             (
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         0 _--_

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             (
                 CI"
          CHTORINE                                                                                                                                                Molcuhr Wcijht.l'                                                                            ? 0 . tI
                                                                                                                                                                  Boilint Point (rt I 5rr)                                                                      - 11.6'c
                                                                                                                                                                  Non.lhmmrblc (will supgort comburr ion)
                                                                                                                                                                  Vitcoti(y in lrsut   phrrc (rt O'C.)                                                         ' @ 9 9 2C c n t i p o i s c


                                                                                                   P R O P E R T I E S O I I L I Q U I D A N D . . S A T U R A T E OV A P O U R


                                             S?tctfrc VoLUXt                     l)rNsrrY                 ENTHAL'Y               LATTNT                              V^Pour                  Strcrilc voLUxr                  DaN'lTY                  ExrH^Lry                     L^ trNl
              T!xf.        Pr6rula                 m)/tt                           t3./P)                  kql/kr                 Hr^r                        Ttx r. Prtrrurl                      mJ/lt                       ff/,nl                   tcrUl8                       H t^l
               'c.           brn                                                                                                 LqUkr                         'c.     bu                                                                                                           lcrU\3
                                             Vrpour I            Liquid      Vr pourl L l q u i d Vrpourl Llquid                                                                            Vrpour         Liquid         vrpourl Licuio vr pourlL i q ui d
               -50             0 a70         0.r?o         I om6220           t.7Ja l5r'r I 6ta0 | -2.?0|                          il.t0                            0         t{95           0.0t,4 0 . m 6 t r 0         I l.t6a      ta5t.4        r ) . 1 9I          9.17        6 r ' e 2|
               -4t             o5@           0.t2o         |    6210          r ' 9 1 ) t 6 0 r .Ir6 s . 6 o| - 2 . ! 5 1          t0.95                            I         ,.r20          oo$ t       6tt0             | 1.160      t.6.'l        Ttrt I              9.6{        6).7' I
               _at             0'J25         0 {t0         |    62.5          2 o t l r 6 0 r 'Il 6 r ' r J | - 2 . 0 , I          ?0.t0                                      t.950          so?9        6t.0             | 2.661      tr62{         7r'.6 |             9.t9        61.r7 |
               -al             0.rrt         0.{45         I    62Jt          2 217 I J 9 t . 7| 5 r . 9 O| - r . 7 0 1            ?0.60                            l         1{EO           0.0765      6tro             I 1.062      t.t9.9        l).t. I           t 0 . r2      61.! |
               -15             0.5m          0.20          |    6165          2 lEl IJ96:I 6 e 0 r I - r 1 0 1                     ?01l                             1         1.20
                                                                                                                                                                                 t           0 0?{       6t6t             | 1.a61      I{t6 5        l).61 |           t0.ll         6t.2rI
               -a5             0.5t5         0.0t               6280          2 . a 6 9 l 5e2.r6 er ,
                                                                                                 I            -r r0l               r0.25                            5         a.140          0.072       6tt0             I 1.169      t{$.,         ?1.r0|            10.56         6 l . t4 |
                                                           I                                        I   |                                                                                                                                                      I
               -u              0.650          o.leo        I o ooorco        1 55a r 5 t 9 l a e . t a| - e . r 5 l ? 0 . 1
                                                                                              r                              I                                       a        ,l'475          0 070       0.006!95        t4.16{       t,.50.t       7r.7r I           t 0 . 1 0|    6t 99
               -aJ             0 6t5          0 ltt        |     6100        2 . 6 6 ? I Jrt.lI 6 e) 5 I - 0 . 6 5 l t 0 . 0 t                                                    t
                                                                                                                                                                              4.6 0           o067t           6910        | 1 . l t5   ta47.l        ?l.t? |           il.ot I       62 79
               :,ll            o720           0 )60        |     6110        2 1 1 t | i l . r I 69..rt| -0..t I 6 9 . 9 0                                          I         1.1tO           0 066           6920        l r'r62      t44t.l        ?1.9{ |           l r'29 |      626J
               -al             o750           0 1..t       |     6)2J        t . 8 t2 r J r ' 0 1a eJ t l - 0 2 0 1 6 9 . 7  t                                      t         1.9@            0.064          .69t'        rt.6rJ       I4 . 2 . 0    ? a ' 0 1|        I t.r0 |
               -a0             0.7t5          0.))6              6)r,        2 . 9 1 6 l 5 7 r . r 6e.61 0 | 6 9 . 6 1                                             l0         5.050           0.062           69t0        | 6.069      ta]lt         ? 1 . t 0I        I I.?0 |      62.40
                                                           |                                     I      I
                                                           I                                                                                                                                                                                                   II
               -19             0 t25          0J15   |         0 p 0 6 J . 5 t . 0 7 1 l s 7 6 o.l e ? rI o t r l 6 9 . a ?                                        ll         5.200           0.0{o 0 00496t t 6 . 5 6 t ios.r r 1 . [ I                                1.96         62 12
               -lt             0 t60          0lrl   |              6 1 1 5 l . t t J r 5 ?6 l or.az orol 6 9 . 1 2
                                                                                               l        I                                                          u          5.150           0.0ttt    5 9 t 0 I t.064 t a ) 2 . ? 71.25                              |lt9          62 06
               -lt             09@            0 )0J  I              elro     I J00 t J 6 9 9 l e2 I 0.7J 6 9 . tt
                                                                                                   69              I                                               rl         J.5@            0.056,             6990 t t . 6 r 0 t . 1 0 . 6 7 . t . l l              |2{0          6r.91
               -16             0.9a5          0.191  I              6)80     I 4 r l I J 6 ?1 | r0 02 | r.00 69 0r |                                               tl         J.6@            0 05t              7000 | l 1 6 2 r 1 2 t . 6 ? a . { 0                  |2 66         6l ).
               :Js             o9t,           0.lrl                 6le0     I J { 6 I J6,r'9| ? 0i l |      r ' 2 0 16 t . 9 r                                    r5         5.tto           0 05tt            . 7 0 tt r l ' i l 2 |{25.t ? 4 . 4 1                  r2.90         6t.tl
                                                     |
               -Ja              1.015         o.lil  | o ooo.os                t 690       | 561.J l o . r t I           t.5        6t.76                          t6          6.000          0.05t 4.00?0.t0 t t ' r a l              ta l l . t    14'55             D t I          6 l.a.l
               -ll              t.07t         0.160 |      6,rD                I t46       r5tt.r 7 0 . ] o I            t.r0       6t.@                           r7          6 . t7 0       0.oJot    ?o. t t 9 . l l l               l{ l9.ia     ?4.62             I l'lt         61,25
               -ll              l r20         0 219t |     6425                .r 00t      t rt6.. ? o . 1 0 |           r.90       6t.50                          tl          6 . !t t       0-o.9t    7060 l q ! 6 1                  rl5-{        7a.70             l 1.60         6r'r0
               -Jt              r . r6 t      0.lll |      6..0                a 20t       | 5Jl.l ? ot o |              2.rt       at.tt                          It          6.rtt          0.011     70ro zctr !                        I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        l,a l'a      71.15             Il.tl          60 9'l
               -J0              t.2t5         0.119 I      6150                il. I6?     I t50.{ t 0 t 9 I             !.0        6t.r9                          10          6'?@           0.oat     ?o9t ! t . a 6 7                tr00 a       ?a.tl             r1.0E          60.75
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   I
                -lt
                -ll
                                t.265         0 trI             0 006,160      r'515       l54t 0       to6t I           Iu         at 0a                          lt          6.t60          0.oatt 0.007 I 0 l l . 0 l l t . 0 6 . 5 7 1 . 9
                                                                                                                                                                                                          I                                     |                  I u.rr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     rl.t0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      60 6l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      60 18
                               .t.llt         0lrl                  u10        4 69t       | 545-6      ? o . ? 7|       I t.       61.91                          1l          7.r60          o.oaa,    ? r l o I t't62 | 1 0 4 . t 7 4 . 9 t                      I
                -11             r.175         0 205                 6-185      1 878       rJ{2.0       rot7 |           lr0        61.1r                          rJ          ? J60          oo4rt     t l . o 2 ) . r1 9 | 100.6 75.04                           I ra'?0            60 1.
                -16             t.art         0 r9t                 6t00       J 05l       |$t.5        ro.97 |          ,.)2       67 65                          ,1          ?.t65          ooalJ     7 1 6 0 1!.669 I t 9 6 . 6 ? 5 . tI                        1,r197             6,o 1,.
                -15             t.,t95        0.t9|                 6 5l 0     t . 2l 6    | ,t6.1      I r.o7 I         t.tr       6?.{9                          25          7.770             It
                                                                                                                                                                                              0.o1      ? l t t 2 1 . 2 6 5| 1 9 1 . 7 ' 7 5 . rt                  I r5.20            59.9 t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   I
                -l{             r'550'        0 lrlt   0 006510                 5 420      I 5JJ.? t l . 1 7|            lr0        a7.Jt                          ta          1.r15                            |
                                                                                                                                                                                               l-oa03 0.00?t0 l..r{l                    ll90.l        r5.15 I          ls 49          59't6
                -lJ             t 5lo         0 l 7 l.     6t)o                 5.618      |,t 1.. ? r 2 6 |             402        61.21                          ,1          t.r 80          o0)9t          ? 2 o t 1J.466            I ltt.9       tJ't I I         | 5.?0         5 96 |
                -u                  '65
                               ' tt . 7 l1
                                         o    0t7lt        55.10                J E6I      I 5 2 9I. 7 r l J |           ..2t       67.O7                          2t          r.lu            o0Jtt          7220 26.06.               rrE50         ?J.lt I          I J.9E         ,9 40
                 -il                          0.r6t        6550                 6.il 1     IJ26.t 7 r . J I              ar0        66 95                          79          t't90           o0t7t          72.4O 2 5 . 7I t          r) 8 1 . 2    75.4' I          1 62 !         J9 2t
                  t0           .t.t00         0 t595       6565                 6 J60      | , l J . 2 71 5,1 |          1'11       66 tO                          JO          t.t95           0.016, ,       ?ltt    27.16t            I t7r.l       ?5.50 I          16.18          59.02
                                                                                                               I
                -t9             t.t?0         0.t51             0.0065r0        6 6t6      | 5 r 9 . 1 7t ta |           5.00       66.6.1                          ll         t.t95         ' 0 . 0 J 5 J 0.00?170lt.0 I t             It7t.5        r 5 . 5 6 I 6.70                5t t6
                -tl                                                                                                                                                                                           .r)90 2 t . 6 6r                        15 . 6 2          |6.96         J8 66
                               , 19 a 0       0 .I 4 7 t           6J90         6 t60      l'|r't 7r.?lI                 r.2l       66.J2                           JI         9.215           o0)J                                     Il7t.7
                - It            2.OrJ         0.r,il,              6600         ? . tl 7   r5rt.2rr.t2 |                 t4l        66.t9                           ]J         9 {,lO          oota           7!OJ 29.162               I t6t.9       ?5.6t             t7.21         t8 4t
                -t6             2.090         0 .I l 5 t           65lO         , t60      r J r 2 . 97 r ' 9 2|         Jt0        65 22                           la         9 6?0         . oolt           ?t20 t0.t | )             | 166.1       15.74             It,l7         Jt 2?
                -t5             2 rto         0 . rt 0             66tJ         7.61   :   t 5 @ . { 7 20 o
                                                                                                               I
                                                                                                                         r'el       66.09                           35    I ee2o
                                                                                                                                                                          I
                                                                                                                                                                                               ootlt          ? r . 0 )0.t69            I l6l.a       ?5.80             |?.70         J8 l0

                -14             1.155         c.tt65 I 0.006640                 ?.t65      1s06.0       r r . r oI       a.rt        45.91                          l6 I l 0 . t r 5  0 - 0 ) r 5 0.001r60 ] 1 . 6 1 6 l t 5 1 . 7                 t7.9t I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      r5.t5                           s717
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     .J7.68
                -t)             2.140         0.t2tt |     66J0                 t . tt l   lrot l       12.rt |          6 l9        6t.?9                          J7 I t 0 . 1 r t  oot I          7Jt0 ,l']6t | !Jt-0                           |822 |
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7 5.90
                -n              2.125         0.r rt, I    66,10                t..]6t     It0l.t       ?226 I           6.@         65.66                          1 l I l0'70o      o0x,           7) 9 t l l . t I l l l r l . l                It.45 I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ?t.96                           J ?t |
                -u              2.5r5         0rf6 |       6675                 E . 6I l   | 1 9 El     12tt I           6 ! J 6r.r0                                3 9 I rotto       q029,          7 at 0 rt.t6t I t . 9 . 5           ra 0t I 8 . 7 0 I                            17.r2
                -t0             2.60
                                   t          0.il1 |
                                                 '         6690                 8 t60      |49{ l       72..r.           7 0t 65.16                                 4 0 I l r . 2 1 0 o029           .?.)o l a . 6 I l I t { t . 9       76.01 I t . 9 4 |                            5 7l .
                                                       t .                                                     |                                                          I                                                                                I
                - 9
                - l            . i:3
                                   i3         0 t095 | o006100
                                              0 t06 |      6ilo
                                                                                9 I ll
                                                                                9.16{
                                                                                           1 . 9 15
                                                                                           | 190.1
                                                                                                        rr.sr|
                                                                                                        72.62      |
                                                                                                                          ?.ro
                                                                                                                          7.5t
                                                                                                                                     55.lJ
                                                                                                                                     65.04
                                                                                                                                                                    al Iil.tlc
                                                                                                                                                                    a2 | | t.?to
                                                                                                                                                                                               0.01rt 0 00?at0 t5.J6l D a l J 7 6 . 1 J 1 9 . 1 0
                                                                                                                                                                                               o0l7t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           |
                                                                                                                                                                                                          7 . ? 0 ) 6 .I l . l l l t . ? 7 6 . r 9 t 9 a t I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      56eJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      567{
                                 2.9r0        0 r0l |      6?10                 9 66:      r1Et.l       ?270       |      77t        61.92                          al I D.050                 o0lt     . 74to ) 6 . 8 6 t r D t . l 7 6 . 2 r 9 . 7 0I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              t                                       16tl
                - 6             t 0rJ         0 r 0 o 5I   67Jt                 9grs       l aE,l'7     12-19      |      | @        64.79                          aa I l r ' ! t t           o0l6J .    ? 5 0 t t 7 . 6| 6 r ) , l t 7 6 . 2 9 | 9 . 9 6 |                          56Ii
                - 5             l.t t0        0 097t |     6750                r0.266      t {il.J      72 r7      |      t.2J       61.U                           4 5 I tz.6.ao              0.016 , . 1570 l l . ! 6 2 l t 2 9 . t ? 6 . ] 4 20.20 |                               56 1,{
                                                                                                                   I
                      a         1.215         0.0945I 0.006760 t 0 5 6 1                   t a ? 9J     77 95      |      t.4l       u.11                           15 I l . t s 0             0.015      0.00?5{0         l9 ll0 Ii16l            76.Jt                2 04 5        55.9.]
                      J         t.t10         0.092 I    5770 I o.E60                      |{ 77.1      ?l o,l     I      1.70       6a.14                          11 I t . 1 7 0             0021,          75@          a 0 . 2I 6 t D l . t    16.12                2070          5J?2
                      ,         l..rtt        0 0t9 ,    67E5 i l . t 6 5                  t a ? ll     7l.r !     |      t'91       61.71                          4 l | 1.J90                0.011        . 7Jl0         a t . 2 t 7 r ! r 9 l ? 6a 6                 209t          55.E
                      t         1.r75         0.0t65 '   6t00 I I ' J r l                  t1t0.6       tl 2t      |      9'16       61.05                          It  It.920                 0.02)t         7600         .l'2tl      r r r r . l ?6.r0                2r . 2 0      55 10
                      0         t.69t         oot4 |     68to I I E s                      I 16t.1      7J 29      |      9.17       61.92                          50 t 1 . 2 5 0             0-021        : 7610         al:?6t D n . ) ?6'5J                         2t . 4 0       5 5r t

                                                                                                        Nott      l.-Enth.lpy brrid on rcro rt -.lO'C. in liquid ghrrc.

                                                                                                                 PROPERTIES OF SUPERHEATED VAPOUR
                                                                                             ( v - r p c c i 6 c v o l u m c .m l , / k ! ; h < n t h r l p y , L q l / k s i P - r b t o l u t c    pr6rurc)


              l . tr"r.                      P-l0brr                              P=l      l brr                              P-l5brr                                         P-2 O brr                             P-JObrr                                    P-lJObrr

              t ' '                                             n                                   h                                           h                                             h                                     n                      '               l           n
                          Jg

                          20
                                      0.2tt
                                      o.292
                                                               70.4
                                                               11.1
                                                                             o 255
                                                                             0 266
                                                                                                ?0.1
                                                                                                7t6                    ffi:                   rlt                                                                                                                          t --
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           t
      :                   l0          ol0l                     ?2.t          o.217              121                    0.200                  12'5                   0 .t . 9               7t.7
                           0          o! r6                    1 1 .I        o 2F8              7..0                   0.20t                  7t.1                   0 . t5 5               ?1 . 0
                          t0          o.127                    75.!          o.29E                                     0.2r,                  75.0                   0.161                  11'2            0.06,r,               ?I'

                          10          0.1t9                    765           0.J0t               7 51                  0 211                  76.t                   0.t65                  75,4            0.0a7.                ?Jl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           I
                          l0          0.t50                    71.7          o . ll 9            11.5                  0 . 2 tI               71.t                   0.r72                  76.5            0.069                 ?1.!
                          ,10         o.16l                    79.0          0.110               ?6 . 9                0.23t                  7t'6                   0 . r7 t               77.t            0.07
                                                                                                                                                                                                               |                  ?5.'
).1


      1                   50          o.t7.1                   t0.l          o l40               80.0                  0 2.16                 79.4                   0 . tt t               79.0            0'071.                16.7                  - . : t -
                          60          0.1E5                    il'1          oltl                il.1                  0.ztl                  I I'O                  0'|l9                  ro2             0.076                 1 1'                  o 0 2 r , . ; il l { 0
J'        I            ?0             0.J97                    t2.5          0.161               t2.1                   0.161                 87.7                   0.195                  il'a            0.071                 ?91                   0.016     LI     15.t
                       l0             0.108                    tI r          o . l ?2            8) . 7                 0.269                 I 1.4                  0.200                  r2.6            0 0E0                 80a                   0027        | .?64
                       90             0.a 9
                                         t                     t r'0         0.1 2E              t1.9                   0.276                 t4.6                   0.206                  r1.8            0.0t1                 il6                   0.0:8       I    7 ?6
                      t00             0.411                    t6.2          o.t9l               t6.l                   0.2t.1                t 5.t                  0.2t2                  rJ'0            0.0t5                 n.?                   0.02r        |   ?E.E
                      n0              o.412                    tr.1          0 {01               E?.1                   0.29t                 87.0                   0.2tt                  t6.t            0.0t7                 rJ9                   002e      :l : 800
          I
                      u0               0'a5l                   $.6           0.atJ               lts'                   0.!99                 rt.2                   0.22J                  r7.5                0.019             t5!:                  0.0J0.l ; il.r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ;
                      D0               0.165                   t9.8          0 a24               E9.7                   0.1o7                 t9.{                   0.229                  It.?                0.091             t5.l                  0.01r . I        82.1
                      ta0              O.,tt7                  9l.0          O,llt               r9.9                      t
                                                                                                                        0.11                  90.7                   o2tt                   rt.9                0.09{             t7t;                  0 . 0 1 1 ' lI   tl.5
                      t50              0',1t9                  92.2          0.4aJ               9 21                   0.122                 9r.9                   Ol,l0                  9t . 0              0.095             tt.7                  00r2           . 81.?
                      t60              o.t@                    9 11          o.tJt               9t.,                   0.1t9                 9t.l                   0.246                  92.2                0.091             900                   o0!!         | ! tt9
                      170              o.,|I                   9r.6          0.166               9a.J                   0.!1?                 94'2                   0.?tz                  91.1                0.r01             9l.l                  00J1 .l          t7r

                                                                                                        Nort l.-Enthrlpy brrcd on !c!o rt -,10'C. in liquid phrsc
                   Mol€ul.r Wcighr
                                                                            | 7.Ol
                   Boiling Poior (.t I bd.)
                   Limic oiGdrmmabiLry
                                                                          - ll.6.c,
                                                                            l6.0+2,8.07-
                                                                                                                                                                                                           AMMONIA i - H s
                   lqirioo Tcmpcrtrurc
                                                                            6 Jl . C .
                   lgaitioa Eocrgy
                                                                            680 mittiioulq.
                   Vrxorrry E 8.icour phrsc (rt O.C                          '0O9ll Ccn(.po;kr
                                                    I


                                                                                  PROPERTIES OF LIQUID                          AND SATUR,A.TED VAPOUR

             V^ru1             SPrcrrtc VoLU!€                 f)f,Nsrw
    Tsr.
     'c.     Prgruu                 mJ/kg                        keJm.,
                                                                                       EYrH tty               trnm                              Varour            Srsorc Vouws               DNrft
                                                                                        kel/k3                 Hsr                                                                                                  EFBAL'Y                 L^ -!\T
               b u .                                                                                                                            Prr$uu                mj/kr                   kglrol
                                                                                                              kqVL8                                                                                                  kql/ks                  l::.;
                                                                                                                                                  bu
                                                                                                  LQuid                                                                                                                                     k-     r3
     -50       O.aO9                                                                                                                                                                                                           Liquid
                               2-52t       0.@l{2J        &l8l         702.0
     -19       c.x             2.182          t<71        o.40J        7@.t
                                                                                    184-lo        45.X)       r 17.80                      o     .4.291       0.290 o001566               1.,a 2
                                                                                                                                                                                             5         618.6 .|{}1.52
      -{t      qi.@
                               2.15  |
                                                                                    Ir450         1r-to       117.20                       I     1-157        o.280                                                            t@s
     - {-t     04i)            I'l)i
                                              I 429
                                              l4l I
                                                          0-42J
                                                          o.4{ 8
                                                                       699.6
                                                                       698.{
                                                                                    lE4.90        {t.<o       il 6.50                     ,      4.6U         o270
                                                                                                                                                                       | 569
                                                                                                                                                                       ttTl
                                                                                                                                                                                          1.516
                                                                                                                                                                                          t.?01
                                                                                                                                                                                                       6l 7.2 101.78
                                                                                                                                                                                                       6 1 5 . t {o2+{
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               l0r.l0
     ,45       o - 5l J                                                             l8J lo        {9.,t0      115.90                             4.79E                                                                         I 01.:.I
                               2'il 2         t,al4       G <7 i       697 7        I 85.70       to-10
                                                                                                                                           l                  0.26|     | 5r6             I tl{        6],{.J 4 0 2 . t 0      I 01.J2
                                                                                                              ll5.lo                       1     1.975        o-252    I J80
     _a5                                                                                                                                                                                  ).969        6 JJ . I 102.55         104.{i
                0.5.a5        t.mJ        0 001{16
    -u          o-517         l'901           | 419
                                                          0-499
                                                          o.J26
                                                                      6 9 60        JE6.0l        5 1.40      J-r4.70                     )      5.t57       0.Ll  0.00t 5tJ             ,a.l0t      61t.7
    -{l                                                               691.8         186.50        J2.50       314.@                                                                                              {02.t0        105.54
                06 t0         r.t05           14.(l       o.554       691-6
                                                                                                                                          5      5.1{J       B2J5      | 587             4'250       6lo.l       ,tol.o.{      r06.65
    -12       . O'6,a.a                                                             186.90        t1.50       lll.{0                             5.5tt
    _{t
                              t.il t          tul         o.t8l       692.1         t87.lo        J{.60
                                                                                                                                                             v22t      I t90             .1.196      62t.9       10t.27        l 07.76
                o-660         t.5lo                                                                           1J2.70                      t      5.7J6       s220
                                              t117        0.6tl       6 9t . Z      1E7.70        5t.10                                                                159.1             1.516       61.7.5      40J.50        | 08.87
                                                                                                              I12 00                      9      5.940       0.211                                               .{o1.7l
    _{0                                                                                                                                                                1597              1.700       626.1                     109.99
               0.71|          t'550       0 00l,aa9       0.645
    *19        0.7J7                                                  690-0        l E E .I 0    56.t0        l.l l.J0               t0
                              1.475           t152        o.678       688.8                                                                      6.t50       0.206 0.00t60r              4.659       5U.1        40J.95
    -.it       o 79t                                                               188.49        57.82                               il          6.t65
    -17
                              t.405                5
                                              1 . 15      o.1t2       687-5        I 88.88       5E.86
                                                                                                                                                             Gr99      | 605             {,o)t       OI J . J    <lo{.t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7
               O.l.I          t.llt                                                                           ll0.@                  l1          6.585       0 : l9 J  I 608
    -J6                                       | 157       0.748       686.1        tBg 21        59.94        129.14                                                                     5 ' t8 9   6 2 r . 6 4 0 4 .6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1
               o.8rJ                          t(@         0.78J       68J.1        189.6J
                                                                                                                                     ll          6.812       0 . r8 7  t5t2              5 . 1 6|   62+1      ao4.59
                                                                                                 6t{l         128.6.1                l4          7441        ot8t
    -15                                                                                                                                                                l6r6                         6 t 9 0 {o{.?9                          U t
               0.9J2          1.1t5       0.00t16t
    -x         0.981          l-t59           I 465
                                                          0.t 2l
                                                          o.t6l
                                                                      6tJ.t       390.01         61 0t                               l5          7.2U        c - 1 7 5 o f,cr{tg         5'71t      617.5        ao{.99
    -ll                                                               6 8 2 ' 6 . 190.( t        6l.r,                                                                                                                        It672
                l.oll         l.t06           I 46t       0.90J       6 Et . a                                                       t6          ?.519       G t69          I 621        5.90{      6t6.t        .lo5.r9      I l7 t5
    - It      , | .081                                                            190.79         61.21       126.J8                  l7          7.7to
    -Jl
                              t.0t6           | 470       0.9{8       680 |       ] 9| . t 1     65-2t                                                       0t6(           162't        6.094      614.6        4 0 5 .8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        t     l t8.98
                r.D9          l.mE                                                                           J 2 58 9                It          8{lt        *t59
                                              t11l        0.992       678.9 i 9 t . 5 1          66.15       125.t                                                          l6l l        6-289      6 l1'7       405.51       | 2 0 . tI
                                                                                                                   9                 l9          8.lo I      qt5{           I 6t5
    -10      11 . 1 9 5 0.96J
                                                                                                                                                                                         6.,(89     6 il.7       405.75       t2t.24
     -79                                  0.00t a7a       t oJt       671-7       l9l-9t      6't.12         J21.19
             ,t.2y      o920                  | 11t       1.086       6't6.1                                                                     a-577,      0 . 1 4 9 0.00r 6f9          6.691     6IO-J       405.93
    -2t                                                                           t 9 2 . 2 E 68.49          1 2 17 9                                                                                                        121.38
               I ll6         0.8E0            t18l                                                                                              r.t r0       0.t45         I 641
              r.J80          ot{2
                                                          i . r1 6    615-2       i92-6{      69.56          ltl.o8                             9.rx         0 . t1 I                    '6.90.{
                                                                                                                                                                                          1.t       608.r       406.I 0       r2 1 . 5 2
    -16                                       t.rE.{      1.r88       61t.9       J 9 J - @ 70-61                                                                          t647              t9     @1.1        106-27       | )4.66
              1.41           o 806            l4t'l       1.242       612-6
                                                                                                                                     tl
                                                                                                                                                9'126        0 . rJ 6      t6JI          7ll9       60J.8       (06-{l       l2J80
    - t <
                                                                                  l9l.l6      71.7 t         111.65                  u          9.721        0 . tt 2      t655          7.554      60{.J       406.59       l 26.9{
              t.5r6     o.Trl             0.00l ato                  6 7t . a     .l9J.72       72-11
    -11       r.588     o1J9                                                                                120 94                   t<        t0.o27       0.12t      0.@t659
                                              1492                   670.1        19.r.07       7J . 8 6    J 20.2t                                                                      7.795      602.t       106-1 5  t28.6
              I S I     G70t                  | 195                  668'E                                                           25        lol{o        0.t 25        | 561          t.0l I     6 0r ' l    406.t9  t29.24 z i i a :
              1.7,+o G 6 7 t                                                      394-12        71.91       3t9.a9
                                              t.(98                  661.6        J91.77        r 6 . 0t
                                                                                                                                               t0-6@        slll          | 65't         t.27!      J99.8       407.01 l lo.t9
              1 . t 2 0 o650                                                                                I | 8.76                 2t        to988        ol t7         t57 |
                                              I JOt                  666 1        t95 t2        11.W        I t8.Ol                                                                      8.52 |     598.3       107. 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    t   l I 1.5{
                                                                                                                                     29        I l.l2l      0 . t1 4                     8.11 5     5 9 68      ,t07.10 | 12.69
              t.tol          0.57a 0.00150,a             l'60J       66S-0       J95 46         7t 17
              r.988                                                                                         J I 7.29                l0
                             o 59t     IJOt              1.612       661.7       19r.80         79.2t       Il6 JJ
                                                                                                                                               I t.565      0.ln       0.0'06t0
                                                                                                                                                                           t         9.0]{          5 9 5 . 1 ror.{}         I lJ.t{
                             Gt7,a     tito              1.112       66t.{                                                          ll         | 2 . O5
                                                                                                                                                      l     o.l08         | 684      9-tm           5 91 . 7 4 0 7 . 5 5     llJ oo
              2 . t6 t                                                           J96tl          E0.ll       JIJ80                              r 2.t71      o . t0 ,
                             o 5 JI    lJll              t 8t4       66t.1       i96 46         t l',4|                                                                   | 689      9.57 l         5 9 2 . 1 107 61         |]6 t6
              2ZU            oSlo                                                                           I r5.05                 JJ         t2.710       0 . t0 2
                                       tJt6              r.889       659.8       J96-79         8 2.rO      I I 4.29
                                                                                                                                                                          I 691      9.852          J90'6 , 4 0 7 . 7 8      | ] 1 . 1 2 2ii      .i
                                                                                                                                    J{.        li'l l6      0.099         I 698     I0'l l8         5 8 90    407.88         l 1t.46
             1'J6J           0.509 0.0015t9              t-966       65t.5       1 9 7 . r2
             2-165           G4t9                                                               tJ.59       J I J.5l                l5         | 1.499      0.096 0 . 0 07 0 :
                                       1572              2-O46       651.2       t97.44         8,a.6t                                                                    t                         5t7.5       101.91 t J 9 . 6 5
             2.510           G{70      t525              2.t28       6J5.9       197.7
                                                                                                                                    36         I 3.89!      0@l         t707                        58t.9       .ro8.06 1 4 08 2
             2 679                                                                        5     E5-16       1il.99                             r{.29t       0.09|
                             0152      | 528            t.?r I       654.6       J98 06         86.t5
                                                                                                                                                                        t 7t 2                      584.1       408.t J t{t.99
             2.191           s.(]5                                                                          ll l.2l                 It         t1'?@        0.0tt       t7l6
                                       l5ll              2 100       65t.1       t9t.l7         E7'94                                                                                               582.1       408-21 | 1 1 . t 5
                                                                                                            310.41                  39         1 5t l 7     0.086       l12l                        J8t.r       40E.10 r44.14
             2 909           0 . 4 1 t 0'0O15'.1        2.190        6s2.0
             1.029           o-rol
                                                                                 394 61 E9.03               309.64                  40         t5-5{.,| 0.0t3              726
                                                                                                                                                                       0.00t        12.005
                                           I 517        2.481        6J0.7       19E.97 90.t?                                                                                                       579.5       a0E.l7       t 4 5 . 5 2 262, tS
             I r5.{          ol8l                                                                           t 0 8 . 85              al         | 5 . 9 E 0 o0il           I7]I      I 2.1,10                    406.41
                                           I J40        2.579        s9.l        i99.27 9r'21               lo8.06                                                                                  571.9                    | 4 6 . 7 0 2 6r : - i
             1 282           onl           t 5{!        2.618                                                                       17         16.121 0-079               l7J5      I 2.690         516.2       40E.49       1 4 7 . 8 E 2&-ai
                                                                     64E.0       199 56 92.10               307.25                  {J         I6.t?t
             J.1t1           ol@           ,514         2.719        u6.r                                                                                  o-o7l        . 1110      | 1.o40         574.6       ,t08.54      1 4 9 . 0 6 259 <a
                                                                                 J99.t5 9t..ro              106'i{5                 u          t7.t10      o015           t715      r 1.400         572.9       ,r08.5t      | 50.24 2te
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              -*
             l-5.9          trf,a?       0.001550       2.ttl     6,15J  100.t 4
             1.6t8                                                                              91.50       105.64                  a5         I7.|l{      0-07f       0.001750
                            oJ)1            . tSJl      2 . 9 9 1 u1 0 1&-12                    95.59       304.8l
                                                                                                                                                                                    ,)    t tu      571.1       4 0 t . 6t t5l.1l          25t it
             3 . t lJ       o323              t556      J . r0 2 u 2 . 6 1 @ 7 0                                                    14         r8.29t      o07t           t756      t4.t50          569.6       (o8.u I s 2 . 6 2          256-:2
             1.9t2          oltl                                                                            lol{l                   17         It-791      o069           t76l      l.(.5{0
                                              I 5t9     J.ZIO        6.{t.l      .(@-9E 97-19                                                                                                       56t{        408.66 | 5 l . 6 l         251-t:
             4 . t1 6       olm               I 561
                                                                                                            lot't9                  ,at        |9 291      o067           t766      t1'940          566.3       408.68 | 5 J . @
                                                        ) Jtz        519.9       4 0 t . 2 J 98.t9          102.16                  a9                                                                                                     2St 4E
             4.?91          o.290             t566                                                                                             r 9.t05     0,065          t 7 7|    |5.340          561 6       408.70 I 5 6 . 2 0
                                                        1.152        618.6       4 0 1 . 5 2 r00.@          lo | '52                50         2|g.J21     o{&1           t11  I    I5 750
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           25: :.:
                                                                                                                                                                                                    56:8        108.'11 r 5 7 . 3 8        25 t :'r

                                                                              Nor     l.-Enrhrlpy          b$cd on t@ ka[kg               rt 0.C. io liquid phrrc.


                                                                                        PROPERTIES OF SUPERHEATED YAPOUR
                                                                       (v<peific        volumc, ml/k3, h<athalpy, kel,/kg, p_tbrolutc                         prsurc)

irHr.                     P- l-0 ber
    'c.                                                     P*rrbrr                                     r-'r;---]----;;
                                                                                        I                                                                                    P-5 0 bar                                P- l5 0 bar

                  r . t5 9           39J.6             1.065
                  t.)tt
-     l0          t.265
                                     t98 8
                                     4&r.0
                                                       1.109
                                                       l . r5 J
                                                                                                s799
                                                                                                oSll
                                                                                                                    tfrr                                                                     -
       0          t ) t t            109.2             t2m
                                                                                                                   491.0            o62-r                 I'-rt
    . t0          1.168              /r| {.5                                                    0.867              408.1            o617                  101.2
                                                       t.715                                    0-90t              1t3..5           G67i                  1t2.6          o!-le               Gle
   20            t.{tt               119.t              290               4l 9.5                0.9J5              11t.9            0.699                 .1t.0
'. .10           t'468               425.0              l.l5              171.1                 G969               121.2
                                                                                                                                                                         o.2't0              1t1.9
   ,a0               r
                 1 . 59              410.2              .t80              129.9
                                                                                                                                    v't25                 123.1          0.2t2               41E.9
   50            1.569               .l I J.1                                                   t.oo3              129.5               5
                                                                                                                                    o-7 l                 42E-t          o29l
                                                        a:5               {15.1                 t-ol7              4l , ( . 3                                                                421.8                0.037
. 6 0            r.619               .r40.6                                                                                         o.177                 {l{.t          o.30,r              4lo-6
                                                        1?0               440 l                 1. 0 7 1           440 I            0.E01                 1t9'{          ol l5               416'l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  o.092
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  o-o91
      ?o         1.559               445.t              )t)
   ro
'. 9 0 i
                                                                          1-{5.6                t . t0 5           4{5.{            0.t19
                 l.7tt               {ilo               ,@                150.9                                                                           1U.7           0.3lJ               1{1.9                st01
                 t.167               156.2                                                      r . lt 9           1507             OtJ,f                 150.1          ollT                ul.5
    t00                                                 60J               4J6.1                 t.tlJ              1J6.0            0.E79                                                                         c r05
                 l.tl7               1 6r . 5           650               461.4                                                                           155.5          0.148               4Jl,l                0'109
    il0          1.867               .(65.t                                                     1.207              4 6t . 3         o904                  160.9          o3tE
                                                        965               466.1                 I.211              466.6            0.929                 166.1          or68
                                                                                                                                                                                             15E.7                ol tl
    110          t.9tt               112.1
                                                                                                                                                                                             46 4 . 1             ot t7                                       I
    ll0           | 96t              111.1
                                                       1.740
                                                       !.78J
                                                                          171.0                 t.tt<
                                                                                                                   a'tt.9                                 17t.7          0.J7t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              I
                                                                          111.1                 I'J09                                                                                        469,9                0.t21               16J 6.
    t40          2 0t8               182.7             r.8t0              {E2.6                 l.)1t
                                                                                                                   477.2                                  1110           o.188               115.5                0-124               ,a69:                  {
    150                              , ( 8 80                                                                      182.5                                  {E2.1
    t60
                 2.068
                 2.il9
                 i..i6,
                                     .r9t.l
                                     {98.6
                                                       t 87t
                                                       t.920
                                                       r 965
                                                                          1 8 19
                                                                          49t 2
                                                                          4 9 EJ
                                                                                                1.tl1
                                                                                                l.{ il
                                                                                                t4{5
                                                                                                                   487.8
                                                                                                                   4 9 1 .1
                                                                                                                   ,{9E.1
                                                                                                                                                          4E7.6
                                                                                                                                                          ,(92.9
                                                                                                                                                                         ot98
                                                                                                                                                                         o.408
                                                                                                                                                                         o.4l8
                                                                                                                                                                                             48rI
                                                                                                                                                                                             486.?
                                                                                                                                                                                             {92.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.t28
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0 . t1 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0 . rl J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1154
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      48t5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      181i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 I
                                                                                                                                                          .(98.2         0.{28               497.9                                                      ,    \
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0lt9                19i 9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              I
                                                                           ^-oE l.-Eolhatpy                barcd oo l0O tcd/kr       t( O.C. iq liquld phr:c.                                                                                               (

                                                                                                                           il                                                                                                                               (

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            (
    I

    I
    I
    I
                      AMITIONIA NH3
                      (coutinued)


                                               R^rro rnEMAx
                                                    oF    *",]fiBE-9$j[Tr^?tffillill+"ti"u]$              solurtoN
                                                                                                     ^QUEous
                                                                                            ]'f*3T-oF

                                                           Eeutltrtrus           W:rcffi    @ NH! lx AQU:out SoLwtox         uNotR      varYlrc     cdomoNt           ot    Se|Jffi         T'vru^rulr
                                                                                                                             ili6-f^^ri^f riuurr          or NHl lx v^rcur ^rov: solurloN
                                                                            Waoxr o? AQU@ut SoLvnoN



                                                                                                                             0.01                     0.01                                          0 . 0|      0.01
                                     00t         0.1?      orJ | 0ll                                                         o6                       oor                                           0.02        0.01,
                                     0-01        o2J       ore t ot6t                                                                                 0-055                                         o0l         0.02
                                                 0.2?5     ozlJ | 0205                                                       0.08
                                     0.0J                                                                                    ol0                      0.0'l                                         0.oa        001
                                     0.04        0-10      0 . 2 6 5I 0 . 2 1 t                                                                       0.ot5                                         0 045       0 0lJ
                                                 o.12      0.29 | 0.2J5                                                      0.12
                                     0.05
                                                                                                                              0 . l ] 5 I 0 . 1 1 5 0 . t0                                          0.05        0 0.5
                                     0.0{                  or        |    0.2t5        0.1a | 0.r|5                                                 0 - tI                                          006         00,
                                     0.0't                 ollr      I    0.29         olr5 I sr)                             olt       l0.l]
                                                                                                                                                    o.r  2                                          0.01        0 0rt
                                                           o.l,r     I    o loJ        o.l7 | 0.14                            o't6 | o.la
                                     0.01                                                                                     or7 lolt              o.t)                                            0.07J       0.06
                                     0-09                  ol,       I    ollt         o2t I ozt                                                    0.1  4                                          00E         0.06J
                                                           o.r6      |    0.12t        or9        | 026                       olt I ol5
                                     0.10
                                                                           0 tt        0.r1 | 0'!l                   0.15                  0.19        0.17                                         0 . 1I      o.or
                                     0.15        04J       0.10      |                                                                                 o20                                          0.1l        otl
                                     0-10        v11       o.,al I o.o                 orr I ol4                     o.2l                  ot2
                                                                                                                                           o2J         o22                                          o . t5      0 rl
                                     0.15        0tl       0..7      |    0 1l         oJ9        | Ot6              otl                                                                            0.t7        0 .t 1
                                                                                                  | 0-}9             ot!                   o2?         o.1a
                                     0.J0        054       oto       I o45             0 {t
                                                                                                                     0.t4                  o19         o26                                          stt         o16
                                     0J5         0t7        o 5l     |     0..9        o.{{       | 0.41
                                                                                                                     0.36        0.13       0.10       o17 | o2s | 02r                              020         0.t?
                                     O '10        0 6'{t    0.55           0.5r                             0Jt                                        ot9 I 026 | 02.                              0 . 2|      0.r9
                                                  0.62      o.57           o52                              o40      0.t7        0.14       ol1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                020
                                     0a5                                                                    0 ,12    0.19        o.t6       o.ll       o.to | 0.27 I o2t                            o2?
                                     0.50         0.65      o.t9           O.Jil
                                                                                                                                 ol7        0'l.l      o.lr       l o29             l    o26        o.2l          |
                                                                                                                                                                                                                0.2
                                     0.55         o.6t      o 6|           0.J6                             o.,al    0'a0                                                                o17        024
                                                                                                            oa,      oat         o.lt       ol5        o 12       | o.lo            I
                                     0.60         0.?0      0.6.t          0.t7
                                                                                                                     0.41,       o.19                  o.ll       l    0.rl         l 01l            015         01]
                                      0.65 .      0.tJ      0.45            0.59           c.55             0-4{                                       c r,t
                                                                                                                                                       ot at !2
                                                                                                                                                           l o lz                   I ' .9
                                                                                                                                                                                    l 0 o2 r v       0.26        0.ll
          I                                       0.?6      067             0.@            0.56             0.1?     0.4!        o40                                                                 0.2?        0.24
                                      0.?0
                                                                            o.62           o5t              o4l      oa4         Oill                  otJ lOt2                     10.10
                                      0.75        0.80      0.69                                                                                       016 l 0.D                    l 0r0            0.2E
        ' l
                                      0.t0        o.t.      (}7t            0'6.1          o5r              oro      o46         o12
                                                                                                                                                       o!6 l ol{                    l 0ll            0.2E        0.26
                                                                                           o@               05l      0.17        0.41
          :                           0.r5        0tE       o.75            o66
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0'15
                                                                                                                     0.at        0.aa       0.40        0.1? | 0.r5                      0.12        0.1t
                                      0 m                                   0.61           0.61             c.tl                                        o.lr I o.lJ                      oll         010         027
                                                                            o70            o5J              oJt      o19         oa5        0.1l
                                                                                                                                                                                                     o.l I       0.?8
                                      0.95                                                                  ot4      o5{)        s45        o,t1                                         o l,r'
                                      l0e                                   orl            o6t                                                                                           ol5         oll         0:9
                                                                            0.75           o5t              Gt6      o5t         o.7        o{4
                                      l.l0
                                                                            ot{l           07l              o5l      O'J         o49        o46                                          0.r7        0.14        0.1r
                                      l'20
                                                                                                                     0.54        0'50        0.17       0.4                0a t          0.lE        0.15        0'r2
                                                                            0.r6           0'74     065     c.a0                                                                                                 0.ll
                                      130                                                                            o56         otl         oll        oa,                0.42          0.19        0.t6
          I                           t.40                                  v92            o7t
                                                                                           oto
                                                                                                    o5t
                                                                                                    07l
                                                                                                            o52
                                                                                                            0.54     o5t.        o.5l        or9 '      0.a6               oal           0.40        017         015
          I
                                      l'50                                        I        0t6      0.?4    o66      0.@         o.54        0., I      o at               0 ,4,1        0 . 4|      0.lr        0.t6
' : ll                                160
                                      l'?0
                                                                                  I
                                                                                  I        0.90     o?5     o6!      0.61        0.56        o52        0.4t               0.1,          0.42        0.19        017

' l                                                                                        095       0.?9    0.70     o.6t       0.5?. . 0 . 5 1        0.t9               0.a5           0.41        040        0tE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.lE
    : l                               tto                                                            0.12    or2      0.6t       o.59    0tJ            050                O ,l?          044         o4l
                                      t90                                                                                                               o52                0.{l           04J         012        0.J9
    J I                                                                                              0.15    o71      0.66       o60     0.56
                                                                                                                                                                                                      0.11       040
                                      1.00                                                                   0.76     0-6t       o52     o57            0-tl               0.{9           0.46

,i
                                                                                                     ot8                                                                                  0.{7        0.44       010
                                      It0                                                            0.91    o7l      o69        o.6t    ott            o54                0.50
                                      ,'lo
                                                                                                                                  0.64       0-59       05s                05t            0-a7        0.44        0.11
    i :
                                      210                                                            0.97    0.tl                                                          0.12                       045         012
                                r                                                                      I     0-t4                 o6t        0.60       o15                              .0.10
                                 *    2.40                                                             I                          0.67       0.61       0.J7               otl            0.{9        0.a6        012
                                                                                                       I     0.86                                                          054            0.r0        0.at        011
                                      1.50                                                                   0-t9                 o6t        0.61       o.J7
                                      760                                                              I                                                G5t                0.r1           0.50        0.47        0.11
                                                                                                       I     09l                  o69        0.61
                                      7'10
                                                                                                                                                         0'59              0.s5           051         0.{l        01{
                                                                                                             c'95                 0.?l        0'6.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                      0al         015
                                       110                                                                   0.99                 otl         0.65       0.60              0.56           0.sl
                                       !'90                                                                                       o-75        0.67       o - 6|            0.J7           0.rr        0.a9        0,16
                                       100
                                       J.l0
                                                                                                                I
                                                                                                                I
                                                                                                                                  s7l
                                                                                                                                  oll
                                                                                                                                              s69
                                                                                                                                              v72
                                                                                                                                                         0.6!
                                                                                                                                                         0.65
                                                                                                                                                                           oJ8
                                                                                                                                                                           o59
                                                                                                                                                                                          o51
                                                                                                                                                                                          0t6
                                                                                                                                                                                                      0.J0
                                                                                                                                                                                                      0.52
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.17
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  qlE
                                       la0
                                                                                                                                                         067                0.51          057            0.sl     049
                                                                                                                                  0.r5                                                                            0Jo
                                       1.60                                                                                       ot9                    0.69               0.52          o5E            0-J{
                                       r.30                                                                                                              0 . ?|             0.6,4         o5)            0.55     0 . JI
                                                                                                                                  0.91                                                                            0.52
                                       r1.00                                                                                      0.96                                      066           0.60           016
                                       a.l0                                                                                                              0.75               0.5E          06l            0.J7     o.Jl
                                                                                                                                    t.
                                       i.a0
                                                                                                                                                                            0.'t0         061            05t       0 5,4
                                       460                                                                                                                                  0.t2          0.65           ot9       0.J5
                                       a.l0                                                                                                                                 074           067            0.50      o56
                                       5.00                                                                                                                                 0'?5          o6E            0.52      0.tt
                                                                                                                                                                                                         0.61      0.5t
              'iI '                    5.10
                                       3..0
                                                                                                                                                                            0.71          o69
               il                                                                                                                                                           0.t0           0 . ?I        065       059
                                       5.60                                                                                                                                 0.t1           0.71          o66       0.60
                                       3.t0                                                                                                                                 0.t,1          0.71          067       0.51
                                       a'00                                                                                                                                 0.t5           0.75          o.69      0.61
                i                                                                                                                                                                          o.l8          0.70      0 6.4
                ':                     6.10
                                       a.a0
                                                                                                                                                                            0.t9
                                                                                                                                                                             0.9r          0.?9          071       065
                                       6.60                                                                                                                                  o94           0 . 8t        0.t2      0.65
                                       l.r0                                                                                                                                  o96           0.t2          0.7{      0.6t
                                       7.00


-r.                                                                volum.        of .ntrcoi!  In trt ovcr 3olution                                                                      (rgrorimerclv)
                                                                         Tot.l     volume ol 8u oYCr rclulloo                w
1




'       I
     , I
    l-l




q-'
     :J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             AM M ON IA N Ii
     _l                                             rabrc
                                                        ':hourns br'      j[I."#:^:t.rH'::lfix,.T
                                                              nr(. $.i&hr,r.,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ( c o nt i n u e d )

                                                                                                                                                           ilTlii;msoririonr or.mmonis
                                                                                                                                                                                   in,rrcur.
                     Pr(t hy               Corropon<J
    :]               w.ichr                 ing Parr

                                              p.p.m.                                                                                       Tcopcilrur<       of Liquid .C.
                      p.p.m.
                                                                   -45


     l                  l0

                       JO
                       {0
                       50
                                               11
                                              r0J
                                              I:9
                                                               195
                                                               t76
                                                               5@
                                                               7.{0
                                                               920
                                                                                I9J
                                                                               5-55
                                                                               7.t<
                                                                                                .91
                                                                                                 70
                                                                                                 JO
                                                                                                                      l.t9
                                                                                                                     ,-#
                                                                                                                     5.15
                                                                                                                     7.21
                                                                               9 rl             OJ                   t.t1
                         0
                    , 6'10
                                              lst                                                                                 t0.9                 l0 t
                    . t 0                                                                                                                                                t0l                  9 62
    :]                 90
                                              t0;                                                                                 It.l
                                                                                                                                 J4.l
                                                                                                                                                       lt -r             l l 6               Il I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 r 8l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 0 .I
                      t00                    25E                                                                                                       t{ 0               l J.               1 2t
                                                                                                                                 I J.t                 t 56              r J0                                  u 6
                                                                                                                                 I7.(                                                       1 1)               r 29
                    . t20                    lt0                                                                                                       r?..1             I 6J               l JI
                                                              It 6


    _l
                       ta0                   J60              2t I                         2 r2                    ll I          109
                      t60                    ,'|0             286
                                                                                           2. 1                    24J           21.t                                    I9.t                t 90              t12
                      It0                    465                                           28 1                    279
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                                                                                            PROPERTIES                OF LIQUID             AND       SATURATED                YAPOUR


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                  - 6l         r'11            0.210|            rurt 1.166           9 J 7 . 0 96.67          r 2 . x t1.lt                                 u        6.61             0.057                                        t06 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    |06.7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     lr 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     lr.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ? 50
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    149
                  - sl         la8             o.2Jl I           r04t 11292           9 5 5 . 2 96.t4          | 2.70 t 4 . t 1                              15       6.10             0.056
                  - { | l      s l
                                                         t               t                                                                                   a6       6.99             0.055                                        1 0 69           tt.t
                                               0.2t6     1 0 0 0 1 0 1 l9. { 1 5     9 S Jt     97.01          | 1.06        tJ'96
                  - .l I       r.59            02t9             roJl11J65            9' t.9     97.t9          t r.ll        |l.''                           a1       7 . ta           0.054                                        r0?l             126
                                                         I                                                                                                                                                                          t0? .l
                  -rl          r.65            ozt:      I      lotl 11717           9 5 01     9t.16          I!.?t         $.tr                            4l       7.tl             0.051                                                         .lJ 0
                  -. I I                                                                        q t . lt       t1 t4                                         t9       1.11             0.05!                                        r 0 ?5           IJ.l
                               r.7r            o20,      I      l 0 5 dl { 8 7 8     9 4 85                                  ll.19
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    t 0 77
                     0I        r.76            otgt      I      t c 5 6| 5 0 J 0     9 a 70     9r.70          |4.J0         El.t0                           50       76J                 I
                                                                                                                                                                                       0.05                                                          l:l rt


                                                                                       Norrs l.-E^rh.lpy b.rcd on :.ro rt -40'C. in liquidph.ic.
                                                                                             2 . - S p € i 6 c v o l u f t r n d D c n l i t y o f V r p o u r 6 3 u r c rt o b c u t c d w i t h c ' u t i o n

I                                                                                                        PROPERTIES OF SUPERHEATED VAPOUR
                                                                                       ( v - r D c c i 6 cv o l u m c , m ' / k 3 ; h + n t h r l p y . k c r l / l i i P - r b t o l u l c p r c $ u t c )

I
     i - ,                                                                    r:tturr                                  P-l'tb{                                      P-2 0 brr                                                                  P-l50bar
                 .Trvr. I      P-l.0ber                            I                                    I                                                                                                                                                             --
                 ,.c.   l..+-l-r                                                                        |                  -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                h
                                                             D


                                  , 0lao                 ,0{           0     Jol            90.5
                                                                                                                 o2t3                    92.1
I                                  l&35,
                                     0.t6t
                                     0.17,
                                     0 19l
                                                         92.8
                                                         x.8
                                                         96-8
                                                         98E
                                                                       0
                                                                       0
                                                                       0
                                                                       0
                                                                             120
                                                                             J,I
                                                                             lrl
                                                                             lJ5
                                                                                            9r'6
                                                                                            91.6
                                                                                            96.6
                                                                                            9E.6
                                                                                                                 0.2tt
                                                                                                                 0.21t
                                                                                                                 o.257
                                                                                                                                         91',1
                                                                                                                                         954
                                                                                                                                         9l:{
                                                                                                                                                              dJio
                                                                                                                                                              0 . tt 7
                                                                                                                                                              0.t95
                                                                                                                                                                                      91.0
                                                                                                                                                                                      96.0
                                                                                                                                                                                      9t.l                =              =
t'                       ,a0
                         50
                         60
                                       0.404
                                       0.1t1
                                       0..t0
                                                        t00 r
                                                        t02.9
                                                        | 0,r'9
                                                                       0.J56
                                                                       0-i76
                                                                       0.!90
                                                                                           t00.6
                                                                                           |02.6
                                                                                           r04.t
                                                                                                                 0.267
                                                                                                                 o.217
                                                                                                                 0.2E6
                                                                                                                                        t00'5
                                                                                                                                        102.5
                                                                                                                                        I 01.5
                                                                                                                                                              b.ror
                                                                                                                                                              0.2r0
                                                                                                                                                              0'2t?
                                                                                                                                                                                    | 00'l
                                                                                                                                                                                    t02.2
                                                                                                                                                                                    | 01.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0 0t5
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0 071
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0.0E1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           99.4',
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         t0t.4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         | 01.4
                         t0                                            0 102               t05.t                 0.295                  106.5                 0.225                 I 06,1                0.0E5          |0t4
I      i   l r
                         t0
                                       0-4,11
                                       0.4t6
                                                        t06 9
                                                        | 0t.9         0{tl                108.t
                                                                                           I10.7
                                                                                                                 0.301
                                                                                                                 0 . tl J
                                                                                                                                        I0 E . 5
                                                                                                                                        ll0'5
                                                                                                                                                              0'2ll
                                                                                                                                                              0'1t9
                                                                                                                                                                                    10t.4
                                                                                                                                                                                    t t0'4
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0.0E1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              0.09r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         |07.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         10r.5         0 025                    1 0 69
                          90                            I10.9            0.425

f
                                       0.460
                         t00           0 1E2            l D 0            0.)7              l}Z.1                 ot22                   I t2'6                O2,16                 I r2.5                    0.09J      il l.J        0.0r6                    r090
                         lt0           0 ,19J           I t5.o           0.{aE             Ita.t                 0 . rt 0               I r4.5                0.251                 I 11.5                    0.09E      r ll.5        0 027                    ilt0
                         110           0.r0t            lt70             0.460             Il6.t                 0.119                  | 16.6                0.2t9                 I I6.6                    0.t00      I t5.6        0.02E                    ill0
                         lJ0           0.J10            n90              0 {72             ilt t                 0 l4t                  il E,6                                       tlt.t                    0 tol      I r 76        0.010                    Il5l

I                                      n atl
                                       0.ra6
                                                         !2!0
                                                         r210
                                                                         0 1!l
                                                                         0 495
                                                                                           t 2 0|
                                                                                           |22.t
                                                                                                                  0 t56
                                                                                                                  0.15J
                                                                                                                                        | 10.6
                                                                                                                                        ,22.7
                                                                                                                                                               0'11z
                                                                                                                                                               0.279
                                                                                                                                                                                     110.7
                                                                                                                                                                                     I 22.t
                                                                                                                                                                                                              ot06
                                                                                                                                                                                                              0.t0E
                                                                                                                                                                                                              0 ilt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         I 1 96
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         |21.7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         |2l l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       00tt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       00D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       0.0J1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ll?.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                il9:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                t2l.l
                                       0 rJ9             ltt.l           0.J07             121  8                 0.17,1                t21.1                  0.1t6                 |2{.t
i.                                     0 Jt2             |2l.l           0 5t9             t269                   0.1E2                 t26.7                  0.292                 I 26.9                   0 . tt l   IlJ 7         0.014                    |2t l


                                                                                                 Nor[       l.-Eoth.lpy          brlcd on zcro rt -ilo'C.                in liquid phrrc



                                                                                                                                             l4
          Molcc{Lr     WciSh(
                                                                                                                                                                                                       (
          Boiliaf poiar (rr                                                         J2-Ol
                               I brr)
                     poinr
          Mdriol
          Fl4b    Poi, r
                            ..                                                    6{ 7.C.
                                                                                 - 97.5-C.                                                                      [rE'rr{ANOL Crr3o (
          Cririal   Tcmp.                                                           | 5-6'C tvcrtg<
        'Cririql    prqrurc                                                        21AC.
            .Limirr of Iniemmrbiiir         v                                      79.'l1B.rr                                                                                                          (
                                                                                   't-t-j6.s.l
            J :r : :rir:tty
            Y q               l'liquid phrri("t io'c )                            ' J 9 6C c q r i p o i r o
                              intr&u.   pharc (at lJ.C.)
                                                                                          l
                                                                                  . O l OJ C . o t i p o i r c r




                                                                                                                                                                                                   (
                                                                                   PROPERTIES OF
                                                                                                 UQUTD AND SATURATED
                                                                                                                     YAPOUR
                                                                                                                                                                                                   (
                                                                   Seecrrrc VoLuxt
                                                                        hr/kc                                                       Delsry                                               --f,
                                                                                                                                     X8JE;                 Em^uy
                                                                                                                                                            &ql/ks               L^n NT
                                                                                          Liq uid
                                           0.00I I                                                                                                                                Hqr
                                                                                      0 . 0 0 17 t                                                                               r-l/tr
                                           0 0021
                                           0.oo4{                                     0 . @ tl l                      0'0200                  rJ5.0
                                           0.00;{                                     0.@lt9                          o{220                                           - 5.a
                                                                                                                      0.02{}                  t{{                                Jll.5
                                           OOII9                                      0.@t20                                                  tJTO
                                                                                      o.@t2t                          0.02t{                  t:l o                      5.1     tol I
                . -10                                                                                                 0.01@                                                      )oJ.2
                                          0.0I 96                                                                                             t2l,                     10.9
                                          o{276                                      0.00I t.t                                                                         t ).1     2 9 8n
               :          0               o.0160                                     o-00rl)                          0 03?0                                                     2.97
                          5                                                                                           oo{lo                  tl9{
                                         .0 0Jlo                                     0.@t:lJ                                                  tta.,                   t6.1
                                                                                     0.00t21                          o{J62
               :                          0 07J0
                                                                                     0 00t2J                          0.0110                 tto{
                                                                                                                                             tOJ.J
                                                                                                                                                                      19.2
                                                                                                                                                                      2t . 9     :9J E
                       t5                0.o980                                                                       0.0996                                          21.8
                                                                                                                                                                                    .
                                                                                                                                                                                2 9 19
                       10                                                                                                                    t0l {                              2t9 1
                                         0.1 80
                                              2                                      0.00t155                                                                         27-6
                       u5                0 . t6 1 0                                  0.mrt6                          0.t290                  1t6.5
                                                                                                                                                                                :876
                      30                 0.20t0                                      o{ol 27                         GI69J                   192{                     \ d <
                      J5                                                                                             0 . 2t t E                                       I3.1      2 E 55
                                         0.2610                                      0 ' 0 0 t2 7 J                                          1t7.5                              2 8i . 6
                                                                                     0.@l2E                          o.2170                  7E1.0
                      io                 0.J.t65                                                                     o.l 520                 71t.5                    l9.l      2 E t2
                      a5                 0.{105                                     0.@t29                                                                            12.1      218.9
                     50                                                                                              G{l9l                                                      2 1 6t
                                         0.510                                      0.001lo                                                  711.0
                     55                  0.670                                      0.m i 105                        o.t299                  169.5                   15.1
                     64                                                                                              v61J9                                           18.2       2 7 14
                                         0.820                                      0.mllt                                                   76J.0
                                                                                    o@l 12                           0.na7                   1@5                     {r.t
                     5{.1                                                                                            t@6                                             y.a       2 7 00
                                        l.@o                                                                                                 7X.o                              261 t
                                        I'tE7                  0 ilt                0.0011.t                                                                         {t. t
                     /J
                                        1.461                  o,68J
                                                               0 J7l
                                                                                    0.00r1..2                        t.2115
                                                                                                                     t.165
                                                                                                                                                                               2 6 5J          {
                    t0                  r.760                                       0.00t5l
                                                                                         l                                                                           60.?
                    t5                                         0 460                                                 1.715                                                     2 6 19
                                        2.110                                       0.@D6.(                                                                          61.9      264 2
                                                               0 407                                                 2.084
                    90
                                                                                    0.00t 7J
                                                                                                                     2.151                                                     2 5 7l          d
                                                                                                                                                                                               q
                                         2-110                                                                                                                       7t.)      2 5 15
                    95                  2.894                                      0 00t JtJ                                                                         75.O
                   100                                                                                              2.901                                                      25t7
                                        l.,t | 6                                   0 . @ rl 9 J
                                                                                                                    J.107
                                                                                   0.mt,rc6
                                                                                                                    t.t84
                                                                                                                                                                     79.0
                                                                                                                                                                     82.7      2{8 6           (
                                                                                                                                                                               2 4 5I
                                                                                                                                                                     t6.1      241.0
                                                                           Non      l.-Enthrlpy          bed       eq 41,   r( -lfC,      io tiquid phu.




                                                                                   PROPERTIES 08 SUPERHEATED
                                                                          ..
                                                                 ( v-tp<i6c                                          VAPOI,R
                                                                                   votuft , dr/k8 ; b<orbrlpy,,-Vr;,
                                                                                                                     ;_;;;   rc p.G u.c)

     Tryr.
      'c.
                                                                                              P-    1.5 blr

       70
       t0
       90
      tm                                                           ll! ?       I        os72                  ::;-_               __
                                                                  ii;,l I o A i "
                                                                  r 1 r . r I &:s:
      1r0                                                                                                    3.roJ                oii6
                                                                                                             r3{{                 o452
                                                                                                             3ry'5                o.t61
                                                      0 E6.r
      l,a0                                            0 68J                          0.517                  J12.7

_l                                                                                   0.651                                    0 176



                                                                                                                                              #i/##/*i
     150                                              0.901                                                 3.{6.t            0 4tt
     t50                                              0 929                          0 670                 lr+6
                                                                                     0.686                                    o.J@
     t'to                                             09Jl                                                 3 514              0.5t2
                                                      09tl                           0.102                 lJ9{
                                                                                     0.71t                                    o521
                                                                                                           t6l{               0.5J7

                                                                       Norr l.-Eorhrlpy            brcd oo rcro rt -.10'C.
                                                                                                                           ln liquid pha<.




l
l                                                                                                                                                                                          (

                                                                                                                                                                                           (

                                                                                                                                                                                           f



                                                                                                                                                                                           t
tl                 FREON T2 c c l 2 F .                                                                                                                                                        Moldlu    Wcirhr
                                                                                                                                                                                               Boiu.r Polna(rt I brr)
                                                                                                                                                                                               Limitr oI lnl!rmmrbilitY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ,

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ..1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           120-9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -29't'C.


ll                                                                                                                                                                                             ItoirLDoTcmpcrrturc ..
                                                                                                                                                                                               ljoition Ener3y
                                                                                                                                                                                                   ViE6l(y     in 8r!@u! thrlc (l( 0'C. ) ..
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  .. I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ..,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Non-flrmmqblo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               .Ol 178 ccntipoirq

(
                                                                                                         pnopExTlfs                    oP LIQUTD AND S.|TURATEDV/|POUR

I                  Trxr,
                                 Varcur          Sr:crrrc vo!uxr
                                                       nJ/tt
                                                                                         DrsrrY
                                                                                          t j/m!
                                                                                                                  ExrxaL?r
                                                                                                                   Lqlrlr
                                                                                                                                            Llrt}{r
                                                                                                                                             Hat
                                                                                                                                                                              V^rour
                                                                                                                                                                              Pruurr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          L^t!M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Hr^T


I                   'c.

                        -t0
                                     brn

                                     0.t9
                                                Vrrour I

                                                   )tt
                                                                   Liguid

                                                             I 0{00647,
                                                                                vrpourl Liquid Vrpourl Ljquid

                                                                                        1.rr I   l11{            rt.lt          t.l
                                                                                                                                            loVkr

                                                                                                                                             4 1. 4 '                  0
                                                                                                                                                                                brn

                                                                                                                                                                                  10s         0.05rr | 0.0007r59 I t . r 0                        1.t.75        860
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          kcrl/k 3


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           l 6 . r5
                        *at                                        s.t                  l ?l |   15.2            19.at          t.9          ,rt.t,                               t.ll        o.o5lt |     7 t 1 5 I t.60                         4{.90         8.85       1 60 5
I                       -al
                        -a1
                                     0.4|
                                     0-11
                                     0.aJt
                                                   t6t
                                                   t5r
                                                   t!..
                                                             I
                                                             I
                                                             |
                                                                   5.9t
                                                                   6to5
                                                                                        : ta I
                                                                                        299 |
                                                                                                 rJ10
                                                                                                 lJlt
                                                                                                                 19.60
                                                                                                                 t9'?0
                                                                                                                                t.7
                                                                                                                                1.5
                                                                                                                                             { l'10
                                                                                                                                             4t.20
                                                                                                                                                                       I
                                                                                                                                                                       J
                                                                                                                                                                                  !.2t
                                                                                                                                                                                  l.!8
                                                                                                                                                                                              oor2t |
                                                                                                                                                                                              0 0 5 0 7|
                                                                                                                                                                                                           ? t 9 t 19.25
                                                                                                                                                                                                           721 r 9 . 7 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                |
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  {5'm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  a J . t0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                9.0J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                9.10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           15.95
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           l5 E0
                        -46          oat           ilr       I     6J22                 I r4 I   r5!t            r9.tJ          t'2t         4t ' 1 0                  a          l.r9        0.0a92|      1229 2 0 . t t                         {J.20         9.50       t5.r0

I                       -45
                        -tl
                                     o.Jo,
                                     rd\
                                                   toJ
                                                  r'l!l
                                                             |     6J:7
                                                              l*!r1)14
                                                                                        t )o I   rJll
                                                                                                ltszt
                                                                                                                 t9 9t
                                                                                                                 loed
                                                                                                                                tot
                                                                                                                                015
                                                                                                                                             ,ll.@

                                                                                                                                             r&|c
                                                                                                                                                                       5
                                                                                                                                                                        (
                                                                                                                                                                                  3.60
                                                                                                                                                                                  t.12,
                                                                                                                                                                                              0.0477|      721"1 20.95
                                                                                                                                                                                              oo4l t c0oo?L.              It.@         lllT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4J.10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  {5.40
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                9'70
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 9.95
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           15.60
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           15 .15
                        -,.J         OJJ '        >217            6 J t O|              )at     I t526           aorS           0.65         ro&                                  l.tl        o.o+r9 |     7212           !2.tJ        I ttl      a5.50         l0.tt      lt.t5

t   j
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                        -al
                        -40
                                     o'|J
                                     061
                                     0.6,f
                                                  t.26
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                                                                                        J76
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                                                                                        l
                                                                                                | ltlJ
                                                                                                I tt2o
                                                                                                | r5r7
                                                                                                                 .o.r0
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                                                                                                                                             40 to
                                                                                                                                                                        t
                                                                                                                                                                        I
                                                                                                                                                                       l0
                                                                                                                                                                                  t.t6
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                                                                                                                                                                                              o.o1j6 |
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                                                                                                                                                                                              0 . o 1 t 0I
                                                                                                                                                                                                           ?loo
                                                                                                                                                                                                           7l tt
                                                                                                                                                                                                           7116
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          72.95
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2).65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          14.40
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       I lt0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       I l6?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       I 16,l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ,ar.60
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  45 . 7 0
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                I o.{0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                to-65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                l0 E5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           t5.20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           tJ.05
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1.1.95

                                                               o . o o o a a o l| . ! l I lll!     ao'40                         0.10        40.40                     n              a.r5    e.tltl    I 0.000715a t 5 . 1 5    D60              45 90         u.t0       la t0
I                       -)9
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                        -t7
                                     0.475
                                     0 . 7|
                                     0.t,1
                                                  t.lll
                                                  ).22
                                                  ).112
                                                        |              6 6 r .| 1 t l I r , | 1
                                                                       66261{.rllrroc
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                                                                                                                                 o,aJ
                                                                                                                                 0.6,
                                                                                                                                             40.!0
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                                                                                                                                                                       l!
                                                                                                                                                                       ll
                                                                                                                                                                                      4.ro
                                                                                                                                                                                      1'61
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                                                                                                                                                                                              0.017J |
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1t12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 7190
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2t.90 | 1 5 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          76.65 I t t 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  a6.m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  a 6 . t0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                I t.lo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                | 1.5,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           la ?0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           l{ 55
                        -16          0'71         ).201                6 6 1 9 1 1 9 r l r 1 0 6 ao.tt                           0.t5        40 t0                     ta             a.tt    0 0165 1           74OE     27.,a0 l t J 0          46.20         il.lt      11.{5
                                                                                                                                             40.@                      t5             1.92                       1126     28.20 l x 7             46.10         t 2.00     l{.30
I                       -J5
                        -ll
                                     0-t I
                                     0.r5
                                                  )'19,4
                                                    116
                                                                       6 6 J r l 5 . r r l l r o l at.0t

                                                             1 0 . 0 0 0 6 { 5 1|        5rt I ltol              al.l5
                                                                                                                                 l{,
                                                                                                                                 t -25        t9'm                     ta             t.07
                                                                                                                                                                                              0.0t55 |
                                                                                                                                                                                              0.olr,a | 0.0007{.1          29 05       I tl,l         a5'r0 t2.r0          3{.20
                        -l!          0.tt           t79      |         6{t6 |            Jt9 | l.9l              ia| .10         t.t0         l9.to                    t?                     0.01t4 I      716t           ?9.95       tx0            ,t6.50 | 2 - 4 5     t4.05

t                       -.tt
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                        -!0
                                     0.91
                                     0.96
                                     l.@
                                                    17)
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                                                             I
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                                                                                       PROPERT1ES               OP LIQUID             AND   S.{TUR,T,TED            VAPOUR

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                             0.41      | 0.1J2                                 t 5 4 0l 1 9 6 0                                                            ) t 6        oo51J           7l9l           19.25        I 190    a 5@        905         lJ 95
              -17                                                              tJlT I t9 70                                                                             0.0507          ?2rl           |9.7t                                         l5 80
              -16                                                                                       -r.2t | .l.lo                                                                                               I t87    45 10       9J0
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              -45                       o'lol    |       6521                  rJt2 I r99J                                                                 1.60         0.0.(77         7217           20.9J
                                                                                                                                                5                                                                   | 180    45 l0       9 70        15 60
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              -at            06f       l0t:.     |       6515                                                                                  9           {.o9         0.042l       ?I8               2t 6J                 ,(J 70
              -,40                                                                                                                                                                                                                       '06t        lJ 0,
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                                                                                                                                                           4.to         0'0Jr6         t12 25.90                    I]J7     46.00                   l4    )0
                                        0.2f2    I       6626                             10.tJ          0 6J I (0.20                                      1.64         0 0175      7i90   2665                     I tJl    46 t0                   ]{    JJ
                                                                                          40.9  5        0tJl {010                                         1.78         0.0J65      7406 2 7 { 0                                                           45
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                                                                                       | 12.05           2 . 9 5I 1 9 . 1 0
                                                                                                         l.r5 I t9.00
                                                                                                                                              u            5.t5         G0275                7 6 1 2 1 6J 5                  1 tJ                     ]]t0
                                                                                                                                                           6.51         0.0268               76)4 l 7 l 0                    47 20                    )2 90
                             1.18      10.126 10000679t             1 91       l{7r I1215|               IJs          Jt.90                   26           5 . 7|       0.416t       0.000r6s6                      | 107    a7f0                     )t 75
                                                  fill              t ?5       r { 6 1 1 , . 2 . 1 5I    t.5t         l8 to                                5.t9                          't
                             .r.ll     lolil  |                                                                                                                         G0255               618 l 9 2 J             rlol     a740                     l:6J
                             I 19      |0 il7 |   6826              656        t.65 1.2 50 |             l.8o         18.?o                   2t           1.01         s0249            ?100 1 0 l 0               | )00    1l J0                    l:50
                             t 1s      l oill |   ('640             8tE        1162 142.60 I             4OO          18.60                   2C                        0.021l                                      | 296
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1125                  a7 60                    lr lJ
                             t.5l      10109 I    66J4              920        l 1J9 | 12 70 I           4.20         l8 JO                                 7.15        o-02t6              7745 42 J5              | 297    4165                     l: iJ
              -19                                                     9.5J                               1 . r 5I l r . t s                   lt                        0.02-x' 0.000775t 4t 50                     | 2tE    11.15
              -ll                                                     989      l{51    | {2.90           a.6J I 18 25                                      7-t5                     't19|
                                                                                                                                                                        o-o224             14 65                    r285     17.85                    I r 90
                                                                    10.21                                                                                  !.06         0.02| t     78 1 1 1 5 E J                  128 |    11 95                    lr l5
              -16                                                   | 0.60     ts7 l4l.t0                ,.r0 | l8 00                         3.4          r.26         oo2t2       7817 1 1 t S                    t211     48 05                    ltan
                  -r5                                               ) 0.96     t+q \ rl)}                                                     }5           1.r-t        s€ct6
                                                                                                                                                                                    .IiIA
                                                                                                                                                                                           rc {,(                            !1 L5                    .11{1
                                                                    ItaJ       t..ll l.J.J5                                                   36           r.5t         0 . 0 2 0 t 00007rtJ           1 91 0                {t.20       lJ 90        ]I   JO
                                                                    il .81     r1l8 | {1.{J               J.75 |      17.70                   J I          t.90         o0lt6           7906           5t 00                 1E25        t 7t J       lt   t0
                                                                    t726       r{15 l.l-Jt                                                    It           9 . rl       0.0191          7910           J2:IO                 18.t5       t 74 0       l0   9J
                                                                    t2-69      l1t2 | 11.65               6 20 | l?.{t                        39           9-16         o . 0 lt 6      7955           5l 70                 (8 {5       r7 . 5 J     t0   80
                                                                    D t 6      1128 | 41.7J               6 . 1 0| l ? . 1 5                  40           9.60         e0lE2           7 9 8l         55 00                 48 50       n90          l0   60        (
                                                                    ll5t       t{25 l a3.rs                                                   4l             t.t5       0.0t7't      0 000E00E 5 6 1 5                       4E 60       It t5        l0 45
                                                                    |4 09      1,a22 | 4l-95              6.t5I l?.ro                         17           tst0         o . ot 7 l        totS J780                          .8.?0       |6a0         l0 l0
                                                                    |1 56      l1r9 14,{{J                7 . r o| 1 6 . 9 J                  al           r o.l5       o0 r69            1062 5 9 . 2 0                     ,18.15      | 8.65       l0 t0         (
                                                                    t 5.01     l { 1 6 l , a , a5
                                                                                               l                                              u            10.62        oot65             8090 60 6J                         18 85       1 89 0
                                                                    l5 49      rlll    | 4-a.25                                               15           to.t8        o0l6 |            8il8 6 2t 5                        48.95       r9lJ         19 80
                                                                               rtl0 | 4,(.15                                                  15           I l.lJ       0 . 0 1 5 7 0 000tt,(6         61.?0        tz29     {9.05       l9 l5        79.10
                                                                               t1o7 | u 15                                                                 r t.,ao      oo, J.l          E111          65.J0        | 271    .{9. 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                |        1 96 0       t9 JO
                                                                                                                                              4i           I I.66       00149            E202          5? 00        t220     19l0        I 9E J       29lJ
                                                                               t a0l    | 4{{J                                                a9           il.91 i      o.ol46           t2to          6S.65        r2l6     {9 lo       :s l0
                                                                               lt91     l 11.75                                               50            t2.20       0.0r4:           E2'E          7 04 0       t2il     491J        :0 l5        29 00
                                                                                                                                                                    i
                                                                                        Nors         l.-Enrhrlpy bud             otr zc.oat -40'C. in liquidphasc.

                                                                                                 PROPERTIES OF SUPERHEATED VAPOUR
                                                                                (v-p€i6c         voluru, ml/tg; h<thrlpy, kol/kg: P<bsolu(c p,6surc)

                                       P:|0bar                                                                  P-l     5 bet                         P-20b:r                                  P=50bar

                                                     h


                                    0 166        al.l           0   l5r            4ll
                  - 1 0             o.t7l        14.6           0   tJ7            11.6                  o.rrl                 1r{                 GOtS              42.1
                      0             0.179        46I            0   16l            {6.0                  ottt                  u.5              ooES                 4t.E
                     IO                8
                                    0.1 6        41.6           0   t69            11.5                  Glll                  16.1             o092                 15.4
                                    0.19 r       49.1           0   175            190                   0 . t2 8              41-7             G095                 41.1                oo:s                a6,
                        l0         0.t98         50.6           0 trl              50.5                 0.lll                  a9.3             0.099               4E3                  0.016               ,{t 5
                        u)         o-205         52.1           0.t88              529                  oD6                    Jl.0             oto2                50.,(                o-019               500
                        50         o ? lI        5 16           0.191              J] . J               0.t40                                   0.t05               52 1                 0.040               J r 6
                        60         sllS          J5l            0 200              J 50                 o.l {,{                t1.2             o lc€               5l.t                 GO{ I               5t l                I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0.01
                                   o.225         56.6           0 ?06              J6.5                 0.149                  55-9             0.n t               55.4                 0.04i               54 1             0.01
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 I
                     EO            0.211         58 1           0 2t2              5t0                   0 l5J                 57.5             0 115               57.L                 0.0.!l                               00tl                  5{ J
                     90            o2t8          t9-6           0 2tE              59I                   0.158                 59.1             o . lt t            5t.t                 so{5                578              0.0t2                 560
                    100            0.2,r4        6l.o           o 774              609                   0.162                 @7               0 l2l               60.4                 0.046               J94              0 . 0r 2              51.1
                    Il0            0.250         6?.5           0 2t0              624                   v 161                 62.1             o-124               62.t                 0.048               609              0.0r2                 J9 l
                                   o.257         64.0           0.2t6              6 19                  0 t?l                 6.4.0            o r28               6lE                  0 049               6 15             00rJ                  6r.o
                    tl0         0.261            6s5            0 242              65.a                  0.r75                 65.5             0.l]I                65.{                0 050               6 10            .0.011                 6r.5
                    I40         0.2'10           6?.0           0 216              66.9                  0 r79                                  0-lt4                67 I                soJ I               6 56              00tl                 61.1
                    t50         o-211.           68.J           0 2J4              68.{                  0-l8i                 6E.9             0.1 7t               6a.t                0 052               617               0 011                660
                    r60       - 0.184
                              qa.290
                                                 ?0.0           0 259              699                   0 r88                 705              0 . 1 {l             70
                                                                                                                                                                     't7 . 5             0.0J4               667              .0.014                676
                    t70                          tl.J           0 26J              111                   0 192                 12.1             o. l,{-1                 |               0.0iJ               7 01            | 0 0r.1               69 1


                                                                                         N o n l . - E o t h a l p y b u c d o n z c r or t - 1 0 ' C . i n l i q u i d p h a s c


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                                                                                                                                                                     Molqu(      wct3it   ..                                              12.0
 f:
l '
                                                                                                                                                                     Triplc Polnr Tcmp.   ..                                            -2 t8.t.c.
                                                                                                                                                                     Critk l folnr T.hfr,                                              - | |8...c.
I                                                                                                                                                                    Visirt    in 8ucout  pbrtc        (it 0.C.)                       'Ol9l7
t-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Ccnripoircr




                                                                                                PROPERTT.ES          OP LIqUID           A}lD    SITUR^TED            VAPOUR



                        'f                    S?tcrnc VoLuxt
                             zw.   Praurr
                                                                                 I)E *I Ty           Euxetel           L^rw                                  Varcur        S?rcrnc voLUXa
                             'c.                         Tl/Lr                     k r./ml            kcr.l/kr          Har                       T|I?.                               mJ/rr
                                                                                                                                                                                                         DrNsrn                ENTH^L'Y              LATTM
                                     bt rt
                                                                                                                       lcrl/k1                     'c.        brrr
                                                                                                                                                                                                          rrlml                 kql/k8                H far
                                                             LigulJ                   L i q u i d Vr pou I L h u i d                                                                                                                                 kc. Uk8
                                                                                                                                                                          VrDour        Liquid        Vrpou      Liquid v r p o u r l L i q u i d
                      -ltt.u       o.00t 5l   909t 0 000766                 .01        ,106       77.J9     t0.l I      tt.I                    -|,c 00 6 . r 7           0{rtt2       0.000ttt        26.65
                      -I0.m                                                                                                                                                                                        t 0 t 2 tr.62        4l J2 44.1
                                   o.02t?J    ?t . l t     0 000?71          0t        I 216      19.75     2!.20       55.1                    - lsc.0o | r . @          002a@ 0 . 0 0 t 0 5 ,        40.5'
                      - r00.00 o I l t l J                                                                                                             l                                                         .91E       s El l ,    ,r8.06 4 0 . 1
                                              t . 6 6 7 0 000t20           06          I 270      I t.lJ    26 tC       51.6                    - t.ooo 2020
                                                                                                                                                       I                 o o t al 0    0 . @ tl a 7    70.9        E72      87.90       52.t0
                      - | e0.00 o . r l l     0.r@ 0.0@t52                                                                                                                                                                                            l5 l
                                                                            :.0        ltTa       tt.lJ     )0.50       Jl I                    - r $ o eI t . t 0       ooota6 0.@r 189               I JO.6      116      E 6 . 2 0 58.50
                      -lr0 00                 0 . t7 2 0 0@6E9              J t        | 125      EJ.I'     1a.70       50.t                    -rD.eol I                (}00400 0 . m t 9 6 t
                                                                                                                                                             at.70                                     2r0         ,08
                      - l?0.00 ) . 2 2        0 09r 0:ooo9l1              lo6          t07l       86.6J     19.t        11.5                    - l u . t e I ,ol0       0.00:4{ 0.@2{a0               {t0         ,,t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     t0

                                                                                              Norr   l.-Enthrttt       brrd     on tcro rr      -27!'C. in th. llquid
                                                                                                                                                                      Dhrr..




                                                                                                   PNOPENTIES OP SUPERHEATED VAPOUR
                                                                                       (v-rpccific volumc, m!,f!3; h<nrhrlpy, lot/tj; p_rbrolurc arqur.)

                      Tur.
                                                                                                                 P-lJbrr                   I              p-2.0U..
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  P-150b:r


                                    0.192           901               0 t65                  90.1           0.rt5               tt.7
                                    0.llt           92..              0 2Et                                                                       o.ta6                a9-9            0-051              tt.7
                                                                                             91.2           02tl                9r . 9            0 lt9                9l.l            Gotl
                                    o.r4a           9a.,              o.it2                  91.4           0 llo               9ro                                                                       909
                                                                                                                                                  0.1t2                9.a.,           0.069
                                    oi70
                                    o)96
                                                    961               0 rJt                  95.6           0.1{7               96.2              0 . t8 ,             96.1            0-074
                                                                                                                                                                                                          91.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          95.2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                lis
                                                    9t.9              0 Jt9                  9ll            ot61                9t.4              o r9l                                                                                             9r.9
                                                                                                                                                                       9t-5            0.0t9              91.a                                      9J.l
                                    0.alt         t0t.r               0.3u               t0t.0             0.lrt               t00 l              o.ilt
                                    G.,at         tol 2               0 406              t0! r             0 29t
                                                                                                                                                                      |00 4            0.0t1              996.              0.0rt                96.1
                                    0 47,a                                                                                     t0l.o              o2aa                | 02.t           0.0t9             l0l E              0.o10
                                                  t0, 4               0.{29              |0r.,             0.Jra               |0r.2              ollT                                                                                           9E.5
                                    o.199         |07.6               0 152              | 07.5            o.!!t
                                                                                                                                                                      to{.9            o09,              r0l 9              00 2                t00 7
                                    0.J25                                                                                      t07,               o2J0                I 07't           o t00             106.t ,.,          0.011
                                                  I 09.t              0.,r76             t09-7             0 ttl               ro9t               o25t                                                                                          102.8
                                                                                                                                                                      t09.t            0.r0J             tot l              0.01J               t05.0
                                   0.55t                              0 ,r99             il 1.9            0.161
                                   o J7?                              0.J l
                                                                          2                                                                       0'r7(              l u.5             0 . tt 0                             0 017
                                   G@l
                                                                                         I t{.0            o.llt                                  0.2t9              I t!.5            0.1t5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                I07 2
                                                                      0., 16             I t 62            o.,aot                                 o.lol                                                                     0.019               109.4
                                   o619                               0 Jto              ilta              0 a20                                                     I r5.l            0.t20                                0 0.r0              ilt,
                                   G6J'                               O J9J              r]0 6
                                                                                                                                                  o.lt{              il t.0            o . tt 6                             0.0.r2
                                                                                                           o 1l,                                  0.127              | 2(}1            o.ltl                                                    il 1.7
                      - t 0                                                                                                                                                                                                 o o{4               lt59
                                   o-6t I                             0 6t6              tt2 1             0.as,a              tll 6
                           0       o706                               0.640              l2a9
                                                                                                                                                  0.140              tt7.a             o|]6                                 0 046
                          t0       G 7t l
                                                                                                           o,472               |2a.t              o.ttl              12.5              o.tal                                                    llt I
                                                                      o 661              | 27.1            oatt                t26.9                                                                                        0.o.at              | 20.!
                          l0       oTrt                               o.6tt
                                                                                                                                                  0.t65              t26.1             o.t16                                0.o{ 9              t2:4
                                                                                         t 2 9)            o.106               t29.1              o119
                             r0    Otlil                              0 . 7r 0           tlr t             (}r24               Dl.,               ol92
                                                                                                                                                                     | 2t.9            0ttI                                 o 05l               It4.6
                                                                                                                                                                     Dt.l              0.rt7                                0 0tl               t 2 6E
                             ,a0   0.1t0                              0 7J.l             ttJ 6             0.5{l
                             50    o8t6                                                                                        l3t'5              0 405              t3J'2             0.t52
                                                                      o 1t7              IlJ 8             o.rtE               I t5.5                                                                                       0.054               129.0
                             60    o.t62                              0 7tl
                                                                                                                                                  0..1ll             It5 4             0.t57                                0 0r5               t)t I
     -                                                                                   t18.0             0.r7t               I t7't             0..t!
                                                                                                                                                      |
         ::'l    :
                             ?0    ot8a                               0 80.              1,r02             o.t9l
                                                                                                                                                                     I t7.5            0 t72                                0.0J8               IJ) l
                             t0    0 9 rl                                                                                      l.{t0              O,l.t{             I l9.t            0.t77
                                                                      o E2t              t12-)             0.6t0               t12.2                                                                                        0 059               |15.5
         : l :                                                                                                                                    0.157              1,i20                8
                                                                                                                                                                                       0.r l                                0 051               lJ77
                 :.      90        0.919         l{4.5                0 E51              |{a 5             0.627               tu.1
     ,   ,-it
                        t00        o955          | 15.t               o t7,a
                                                                                                                                                 0.170                t1{'t            0nt              tal I              0 06J                tJ99
                                                                                         116.1             o.611               Ia6't             0.4t,               .146.t
                        il0        o99 t         rar.0                O E9E              t.E9              o.62                |1t.7
                                                                                                                                                                                       0.r91            t,rr'J             0.065                142.0
                        ,t0        t . 0 tt      r, | . 2             0.92 r
                                                                                                                                                 0..96                I4t.t            0.t9E            t 4 75             0 055                t41-!
                                                                                         I'l.1             o 67'               r t0.9            0.tol                I ts7
                        l]0        t.(xl         t5l.l                0 9,rJ             IJl.2             o.696                                                                       0.201            1197               0.061                t 4 64
                                                                                                                               |'t               o52t                 tsz.t            0.20t            t,lI               0070,                t4t 6
          I             140,                     155 5            0 t6l                 155.4                  l
                                                                                                           0 . 7l              t5t.2             0.5]{               t55.0
                        150'                     t'l 7            0 992                 | 57.6             o.7t                                                                        0.2t4            I 54.0             0 . 0 7t             150.7
                                                                                                                 I             | 51.1            0.y7                t51.2             0 . 29
                                                                                                                                                                                           l
         ,|:            t50
                        170'
                                                 159 9
                                                 |62.1
                                                                  r.0tJ
                                                                  1.0t8
                                                                                        I 19.t             O.7,at              I59.5             0.J60               t 19.1            o.221
                                                                                                                                                                                                        I J 62
                                                                                                                                                                                                        t 5 81
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0 07t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0 075
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                |5t 9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                t55.t
                                                                                        r5lI               o.t6J               l6l.t             ot7,                t6r'6             0.229            1606               0077,                | 5 71

                                                                                             NorE l.-Enrhrlpy bud on rgo rt -21!.C. in rhc ilquid pbu.
                                                                                                  2,-D.nriry ol dry rir rt dC ud I brr rbtolutc
                                                                                                                                                ,,resurc lt 1.29Jk3/mt




                                                                                                                                   t8
                         Moleuhr     Wc;8hl
                        T_riplc Poinr T.-p...trr.                 '              280t1
                                                                                -2t0.c.
                        Lrtt rcrl Poin( Tcmpcretur<
                        Non-6r mhr bk
                                                                                _ |47.C.                                                                                                              NI'I'IiOGEN 1''
                        5Ei6c Cr.viry (A;.- t)
                        Vircoriry io grscour ptr"5c                                  097
                                                    ("r   0"C.t                     0 l66l Ccnripoirr




                                                                                    PROPERTIES OF LIQUID AND
                                                                                                             SATURATED VAPOUR

                               Srecrrrc VoLuM€
                  Pr6ult                                   DrMlly               I     Eux^rrv
                                    ner/ kr                                                             L^TfNT
                    olat                                    *c-,T,                     tcrt/t8                                                             Srcctrrc Vocugr
                                                                                I                        [{€^T            Tar.        \6urt                                             Derstry                 E^Tn^Lp\
                                                                                                        kql/18              'c.         b.rt
                                                                                                                                                                mJ/k s                   Ls/ml                   lcrl/kg
                   o.llJ                                                                                                                                  vrrcu. I
                                        omur2                                                                                                                           Liquid
                   0'2J
                                             l o 6 ? r ii 8 6 s l l ; ; - l - ; - - l                    ,*               - 175          6.7              0 - 0 1 8 0| o m t { 2 9
                                            il7eIr.r7                                                                                                                                            699 8

_l                060
                  091
                                       .
                                           'ror 2ie
                                                  i
                                           r2{! 4s8
                                                  I
                                                           f a < r : l r z . rI r : r | : o r
                                                           ls27B;ril | .as | <ar
                                                                     f
                                                          fso:l l:rr I rll | <r..
                                                                                                                          - 170
                                                                                                                          - 165
                                                                                                                         - t60
                                                                                                                                        9.6
                                                                                                                                       | 1.0
                                                                                                                                                          002J7 i
                                                                                                                                                          0.018J
                                                                                                                                                               I
                                                                                                                                                                            t{9t
                                                                                                                                                                            r57O
                                                                                                                                                                                                 670.7
                                                                                                                                                                                                 6 1 59
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 20rI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         l

                   r.92                                                                                                                r7.J               0-0ltl I          t61s
                                                    l
                                           r 2 8 o8 0 6                                                                                                                                          J 9 70
                                                          l 7 8 r 2 l : : . l r rl r s l . l . e                         - lss

_l                a o
                                           r j r r lr : 7
                                       o o o r r T rr s e
                                                 l
                                                          l T r r r f : c l o rl z r l . r o
                                                          J r r r r l r o r r l t 4 sl { 2 0
                                                                                                                         - t50
                                                                                                                         - 117
                                                                                                                                       22.8


                                                                                                                                      I 1.94
                                                                                                                                                          0 009J I
                                                                                                                                                      0 006{ I
                                                                                                                                                      o@i: loooj:r5
                                                                                                                                                                            t827
                                                                                                                                                                           2O7o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 loc j
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 )1 1 i




_l                                                                             Norr t.-En(halpy brkd
                                                                                                     on zcro.t            _2lO"C. in iiquid pharr




_l
-l                                                                              PROPERTTES F SUPERHE
                                                                                             O
                                                                      (v*!p€ci6c'olumc. mJ/k8;
                                                                                                             TED ' A P O U R
                                                                                               h-oth.lpy, kctl/k8; '{biolurc prc3surc.)
         Ttve.


_l         c.
         -t60
         - 150
                                                                     h
                                                                  --?r.,
                                                                                           0 256
                                                                                                   P- l.t br(



                                                                                                                6J..1
                                                                                                                                  P - 2 . 0b r r                              P-5 0 bar                             P - t 5 0 b : r


                                                                                                                                                                                                               "' i- " _
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     _-=-            t
         - t40                                                          651                0.279                          0.201                    6t.l                0 062
                                                                                                                65.6      o-22|                                                           6t t
         .- tJ0                                                         6El                                                                        65.5                                                      !91] I                      ! s js ii .
I
                                                                                           0.101                68.0                                                   0 066              6{l
                                                                        70J                0.t2{                          0.2r9                    61.9                0.071              66J                99..4           i           ,
                                                                                                                70.1      0-257                    70.1                                                      00-'h           j           :.'
                                                                        12.9               0 l<7                                                                       0 079              689
      - |t0                                                                                                               o.275                                        0 084                                9q:8             I           srj
     -- r00                                                             75J
                                                                                                                                                                                        ? l l               oolo             I           rvi
                                                                                          0 t69                 75.1      0.t9J
      . s                                                                                 0.t92                                                    75.0                0 090
      - t 0                                                             800               0 . tt 5
                                                                                                                71.5      oll I                    11.1                o 095
                                                                                                                                                                                        ?J 6     .          qor: I                       o:;
     .- 10                                                                                                      ?9.9      0.129                    79.8
                                                                                                                                                                                        760                 qgl4            |            nln
                                                                        824

 l
                                                                                          o.1t7                                                                        0.t01            181
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          WATER H"O
                 '
          (contiuued)


                                                                    PROPERTUS 08 SUPEX.REATED VA.POTJR
                                                        (v-spcci6c volumc. l/18: h<nthrlpy, kqt/L8; P{brolutc
                                                                         m                                                        prcsurc)

           TrYr         P- I 0 ber                           P-l                                    P - 1 . 5b r r                      P-2 0 brr
            'c.                                                    l brr                                                                                                      P-J0brr

                                      ll                                     n                                         h                             h

             ll0     l.?70           6at l               s9l               6,at.l
             t20     t.Er7           616 6               6l.l              u6.s              .:::                    ereo
             rl0     | 861           6il1               .61 I              65r'0                                     610'5         0.9{8            648 0
             ta0     r.909           6'J.J              '7t6               655.4             .286                    6t,r.9        0.97|            651.1
             150     r.9t5           660.0              -7 ]
                                                          t                6J99              .l t7                   6J9.,t        0.995            6J7.t
             t60     l.m2            664.5              '799               66,r'l            .148                    661.8         r.0t9            657.2            0.191              6t1.1
             t70     1048            668.9               840               66E.8             '179                    668.1         1.0,r2           666 7            0.102

                                                                NorE |.-Enthrlpy      b.tcd on r.!o rt 0'C. in liquid phrrc.




                          wElCltT    O F W A T E R ( k r ) I N A C U B I C I ' I E T R E O F S A T U R A T E DW A T E R V A P O U R A N D G A S A T l ' 0 A N D l 5 D A R S
                                                                        UNDER VARYING TEMPERATURES


           TH?,         wr. or W^rrR (k8)                                      [r
                                                                           T'[c . .                 or W^r!r (k8)                                T E M?             wT. or W^rrR (k8)
            'c.                                                                                                                                     'c.
                                      I Jb.t                                             t 'Ot.t                     1 . 5b r t
            -50     0.00001                                                - l5          o.00rJ,                 0.o0lJ6                            20           0 0176             0 0l?4
            -49         a                                                  - l4             t50                       t,a9                          ll              t88                lE6
            -al           1                                                - tJ             r5J                       l6,a                                         200                 r98
            -a1           J                                                                 rE0                     . t19                                                              2 rI




    I
            -15                                                                             t95                       | 9,1                         71              220                2t8
                    o&oor                                                     l0         0 00il5                 0 002I4
                          I                                                    I             215                     2)1                            15           0.0217             0 0215
                          9                                                    I                                     2.51                           16                                 248
                         t0                                                                  280                     279                            71              266                26J
                         ll                                                                  lr0                     t09                            2t              t6t                2t0
                                                                                                                                                                    loo                196
            -40         l
                    0.000 I                                                              0.00.t40                0.00319
            -J9          ll                                                                  l?0                    169                              JO          0 0115             0 0Ju
ll          -lt          l5                                                                 40J                     404                              ll             ll5                lll
            -J7          t6                                                                  4J5                    .l l,l                           !2             155                lJl
l .i
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            -J6          t8                                                                  .lOj                   461
                                                                                                                                                    31
                                                                                                                                                                    175
                                                                                                                                                                    400
                                                                                                                                                                                       170
                                                                                                                                                                                       194
i           -t5     0.00020                                                              0 00195                 0.00491
            -t4                                                                                                      5ll                            l5           0 0,112            0 0{t5
            -3!          75                                                                  J70                     56t                            J6              rt5                4{9
            -ll                                                                              610                     608                                            t?0                461
            -tl          l0                                                                  65t                     651                            ]E              195                48 6
                                                                                                                                                    t9              520                Jr0
            -]o     0 000J1                                                              0 00700                 0.00697
            -19                                                                              7t0                     741                            t0           0.0545             0 05Jt
    .i      -2t          ,tl                                                                 805                     801                            4t              t75                560
                         {5                                                                  86t)                    856                            1l             600                 584
    ti
    :
            -u           ,0                                                                  925                     921                            1t             640
                                                                                                                                                    41             615                  6J7
            -15     0.00055          0 00055                                   l0        0 00915                 0.009r0
    .l      -u          60               60                                    ll          0r040                      999                           a5           0 0?15             0 0691
    l       -r!         66               66                                                 ilt0                    llm                             46              155                ?28
            -tt         ?l               7J                                    ll           | 170                   I r60                           17              t00                169
            -2t         80               80                                    l1           | 210                                                   at              8{'                Erl
                                                                                                                                                    a9              E90                851
                    0.000t1          0 000t7                                  t5         0.0lJr0                 0.0t.t00
                         95               95                                  l6           |180                     | 170                                        0 0950             0 0909
                        t0J              t05                                  t1           | 160                    l,l 5O                          5l            0 100                954
                        ilJ              ltJ                                  ll           | 5J0                    | 5.lO                                          l06              0 r0l
                        l2t              125                                  l9           | 650                    | 6,10                          5J              il2                r06
                                                                                                                                                    5a              il8                il2
                                                                                                                                                    55                                  il8
                                                                                                                                                    56                                  124
                                                                                                                                                    57                                  t29
                                                                                                                                                    58                                  ll6
                                                                                                                                                    59                                  t4l
                                                                                                                                                    60                                  t50


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{                                                                                       CONVERSION
                                                                                                 TABLES
a


'l                                                                                                       TEMPERATUR.E
.l
t                                              slEcrFrc coNvERsroNs                                                                                            CENER^L CONVERSIONS

                                              'c                                        'F.                                                                                                         .R                       'x.
        -27J -.59                            -:9{ -21         -iN       t0'0     50     t22.0       19.4 nl        2.9t I
        - 26t - 150                          -:t.9 -10        -r0       t0.6     5l     l2l t                      2 Jt . 6 |
        - 16l - 1.a0                         -28.J --t9       -22
                                                                                                     50.0 lll                    "c.               I              | 8 ( ' C . )| l 2         | 8 C C . + 1 9r . 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                       )               ('c.)+lTl r6
                                                                        ||.1     sr     |2t.6        ,0.6 tlJ      25).1|
        - ltr   - 1J0                        -t7E -lt         ..01      It.7     5J     t2t {        5l t lla      2 5 r . 1|
        -2'{    -120                         -21.2 .-t1          t4     t 22     5a     1 2 91       Jr.? lt5      2 5 7 . 0|              ('F.) - 12
        -t15 -{10                            -26.r .-16                                                                          'F.                                                                                  ( ' F . ) + 4 5 97
                                                                 l2     |]E      55     t)r 0        J22 tt6       2rt.t I                                                I                   ( ' F . )+ 1 J e . 7    -l{
        -2.0    -iloo                        -261 -t5            J0     IJ.l     56     | 1 2l       52.t n7       2bO6 |
        -2t,r'-J90                           -2r'6 -lil                                                                                           t.E
                                                                 68     r].9     5?     I ),t.6      $.1 ltt       2 6 2 1|
        - t29 -lto                           -1J.0,-I]
        -t2J    -170                         -21 1 -t7
                                                                 86
                                                               t0.l
                                                                        ta.{     5t     I 16.{
                                                                                        r.]t.2
                                                                                                     tJ.9 t29      761.2 |
                                                                                                                                'R.       c R . )- 1 9 r . 7      ' R . - 4 J 97
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ('R.)
        -ilt
                                                                        l r.0    59                  5a4 D0        256.0 |
                -160                         -21.9 -il         tl2      1 56     60     1.o.0        ,5.0 rJl      267.rI                         l{                                                                          Itr
        -2r2 -J50                            -21.1 - t0        r10      t6l      6l     tll t        Jt 6 tJz      2 6 9 . 6|
        - 20? -lr0                           -228 -9            rt8     t 67     62     ral 6        56 1 DJ       2 7r ' 1 |
        - l0t   -.1.r0                       -72)     -t       r76      t71      6l     t4t a        56.7 lt4      2 ? ]t I      'K.       'K.- 271 5
                                                                                                                                                   t            1 . 8 ( ' K ) - 4 1 97            rsfK)
        - t96 -J10                           -2r.7 -1           t94     IrE      54     t1l 7        57.2 I35      2 7 5 . 0|                                                                                                   I
        - r90 -ll0                           -lt.r    -6       21.2     I t..!   65     | 49.0       5 7t l t 6    276.t I
        -lta    -100                         --t06 -5          2J0      l t.9    65     t ro-t       tr.t lJ?      71t.6
        -t79 -190                            -.:00 .-4         21E      t 94                                                                               6l _ t2
                                                                                 57     |t2.6        $9 D8         2t0.4           Eremplc f Ulc: 6l'F.- --
                                                                                                                                         o                         t7 2'C
        -t7)    -lto                         -194 -J           266      200      6t     I 5 a4       t9.a t19      2t2.1
        -t69 -l7J          --{t9,1           -lt9     .-l      tEa      206      69     I J5.t     .60'0 l,a0      2l.l{                                     l 8
        -l6t    -170       - 151             -rtl     -.t       102              l0     | 5t.0       60.6 t. I     28t.t
        - 161 -:60         - al6             -17r        0      120              7t     r J 9t       6t.t ta2      2tt.6
        -rr7    -t50       -rtl              -t7:        I      JJE              72     t6l-6        6t.7 taJ      tt9',1
        -ttr     -110                        -161
        - l{6 - lJo        r.t99
                           -    tal          -t6r
                                                         2
                                                         I
                                                                JJ6
                                                                J74
                                                                        :2 I
                                                                        2t )
                                                                                 7t
                                                                                 7r
                                                                                        |6J..
                                                                                        t6J2
                                                                                                     61 2 l,a.l
                                                                                                     6 2t l a s
                                                                                                                   2 9l . t
                                                                                                                   291.0
        - t.0 - ll0        - 16,.            -t5.6       ,a     -192    rt 9     ?5     |6t 0        6l.J t a6     29a.t
        - D4 - 210         - l{6             -rJo        5     .ro      2la      76     | 68.t       5J.9 1.7      296-6
        -r29 -t00          -.)2t             -t1a        6      4:E     2 50     ?7     | 70.6       64.1 t,al     29t..
        - tzt - 190        -)t0              -t1.9       1      .1.6    756      7t     | ?2..       6t 0 la9      )00.2
        -ilt. -tro                           -|]l        t      .164    261      i9      t11.1       6t.6 150      t02 0
        -il2    -t?0       -    71a          -.t2.8      9     482      26.7     E0     |760         6t t r55      I I'O
        -rot. -t60         -    216          - | 2.2   l0       50.0    21.2     il     r77.1        7t.t t60      120.O
        - lot - r50        -    2lE          -il7      il       Jr.E    2lE      t,      t79.6       7r.9 t55      129.O
        -96     -ta0       -    120          -lt.r     t2      .tl6     2E.!     lJ      I tl.it     15.1 t10      1t8.0
         -90    - tJo      -    tot          -106                                                                                                       SINCLE DECREE CONVERSIONS
                                                       l-1      J51     2E9      ra      I El.2      79.,r t75     147.O
         -t4    -tt0       -    lE,l         .-100     l,l      t1.2    29.1     15      l tJ.o       t2.2 tt0     t16.0
         -19     - ||0     -    t56          - 9{      t5       J90     t00      t6      r16.l        t5.0 '|5     t55.0
         -?l     -100      -    t1t          - 19      t6       608     106      tt      |tt 5        tt.t r90     t7{.0
         -6t     - 90      -r)0              - 8.t     l?       626     Jr I     tE      t90 a       90.6 t95      3rt.o
         -5t     - t0                        - 7t      lt       6{{     lt.7     t9      r92.2       91.2 100      t92.0                                  055                            I                     t.8
         -51     .- ?0     - 9 1              - 1.2    t9       662              90      19,1  0     96.1 205       iaol'O
         -5r     - 60      _ 16               -61      20      61.0     lt   t   9l      r9r.l       9 19 1 t 0     110.o                                  t.il                          2                     '6
         -4t.6 - 50        - ,to             - 6r      21       69.8             9l      t 9 76     r0r.? 215       .l19.0
         -ar{    - 49      - 552              - 56     2t       7t6     l J 9    9J      l99 a      to4.a 220       a2r.o                                  t.67                          I                     5.4
         -/aa.a - al       - ra'{             - 50     2J       ?l,l    ta.a     9a      20t'2      r0?.t tt5       ia]7.0
         -.1.9 - at        -         t! 5     - a1     t{       ?51     tt0      95      20t.0      I r0.0 l.!0     a46.0                                  2.72                          I                     1.7
        -{r'!    j ,a6     -         5.0E     - l9     !s       7t0     lr 6     96     20il t      | | 2.t lr5     a5t.o .
         -a2.t - a5        -         ,19.0   - l.t     t6       7EE     16.l     97      206.6      1,t.5 140       ,t54.O                                 2.78                          5                     90
         -.2.2 - U         -         itt.2   - 2.t              806                      20t.4      | | r.t t..5   '.7r.0
                                                       ,1               167      9t
         -1t.t - aJ        _         1r.1    - 22      2'       r2.J             99      2r0.2      tlr     1s0     at2                                    r'lr                          6                   to's'
         -,al'l - '12      -         4t.5    - t.7     29       84.2    I7 E     00      2 r 20     t21     260      5@
         -40.6 -- tl       -         1t 8    - t.t     t0       860     iEl      0t      2D.8       I 12 170        5lt                                    l.l9                          7                   l 2.6
         -.0.0 - a0        -         {0.0    - 06      Jt       8t8     189      0l      2r5.6      I lt    rEo     Jl5
         - t9.a - J9       -         lt.)        o     .11      8i) 6   t94      0J      217..      |4t     290     55,f                                   1.4                           t                   144
         -1t.9 - lt         '-       16.         06    JJ       9r{     400      0a      7t9.2      t19 t00          571
         -.tE.l - J?        -        1..5        I I   l{       91.2    40.6     05      lr|.0      151 Jto          590                                   50                            9                   16.2
         - l7.t - 15        -        l2t     . 1.1 l5           0i0     at.l     06      2 2 2t     t@      J20     60t
         -17'z - J5         -.       I 0         2.2   16       96 8    41.1     01      221.6      l6t,    ll0      626
         -15.7 - tr        :         29.2        2.r   i1       9E6     a1 . 2   0r      226.{      ril     J.to   6ilil
         -16.t - ll         -        2 71        :l !  JE     l00,l     128      09      228.2      t11 J50      662
        - rr.6 - 3t         _        2 16        j9    l9     r022      4l l      r0     2 ) 00     rrt     J60  6EO
         - 15.0    -  ll                         11    ,40    t o 10    41.9      ll     2lt8       I u8 170     69t
         -11.4     -  l0                         t0    ,at    rot6      4{.1      Ir     ltl.5      r9l     .!E0 7t6
         -tl9      -  l9   -         20.1        J6    al     1076      .t 0      r.r    2lt.a      t99 190      7l,a
         - tt.t    -  :.   -         l EI        6l    .-l    lo94      ,456      l'a    ?lt 2      201 ltoo     7tl            USE OF SINGLE             DEOREE              AND        SPECIFIC CONVERSION                        TABLES
         - tt.t     - 27   -         r6.6        6?    aa     1il2      a 6I      l5     219.0      2t0 410      ?70
         .- t2.:   - 26    -         t 48        1Z    15     trt0      {6 7      |6     2.0.1                   ?88                   (o) Fird    in c6trrl    columil (boldcr figurcr) lhc tcnrccraturc {of n'rirbrr
        .-!,.7     - t5    -.        | ).0       ts    .t6    il4t      11.2      17     2,17.6    2l|     a J o 806
         -I.r      - 1l    -         il.2        tl    47     l166      4 7t      It     2,r,a 4   711     4,.0 82ia                         of &8tEt)         nccdinScon vcrrion.
         - t0.6    - 2.t   -           9 4       t9    ,at    llE4      4t.)      l9     2a(t  7   ll2     4 5 0 l,aZ
         -10.0     - t2    -           ?.6       9,a 49       t20:      4E9       10     24t0      2JE     4 6 0 t60                   (0) Thc corrcrpood;^t figurc in th. riBht ot lcft h.nd coluornt is thc
                                                                                                                                                                              'F.    'C. rc5pcctivcly.
                                                                                                                                             cquivalcnt t.mp. (or dc8rccr) in     ot




                                                                                                                     29


                                                                                                                                                                                                             ---.--   - - .- -0 -----,-




                               lr.
                                                                       CONVEITSION
                                                                                 TABLBS

                                                                                                                                     AR-EA

                                                                                                       cm2                  ruttc:          ifthr             fr.

                                                                                      @l                   I            I     l0-.          t
                                                                                                                                          0.15o        0-@1076             l l96x li-.


                                                                                      rettcr           10,000                    I          r,5ro      I 0.76                   l . l 95


                                                                                     iodrr            6-152                x
                                                                                                                      6.{J2 l0-                      0 0069r{             7 . 7 1 6 x0 - .
                                                                                                                                                                                    l


                                                                                      ft.r            929.0            c09290                t{.{                              0.1I1
                                                                                                                                                                                  l


                                                                                      yd.,            r , t 6I          08l6l                             9




                                                                                               Nor

                                                                                                               I Hac(rrcr - 10.0.10 rctrc
                                                                                                               I Ac.c - {.t40 yd.!-

                                       i\1A5S
                                                                                                                                     FORCE

               ks.      Mctric   Ton     Pound   (lb )    Long Ton
                                                                                                      Dync           Cm - Forcc                       Poundrl              lb. - For..
   kg.                    0mr               I lc5        9 t{l x t0-   0.00 I02
                                                                           I        Dvr                               0.001
                                                                                                                          020          I x l0')     7 21.1 t 0 5 2 2 4 8 x l 0 - .

 McIric     t.0@                                           0.9E41       l .l 0 ?   Cm.-          .980.7
  Ton                                                                                                                        I         0.00980t      o 0709.1              0.002205
                                                                                   Foe

             0-4536         x
                       4 516 l0-.                         {64x l0-     0 q)05      Ncwton            I x IolJ         t 0 20                           1'2JJ                0 2246

  Lon8      |,016         I0t6            2.240               I          l.t2
  To^                                                                              Poundrl           l 1.810           t1-t0          0 r38l              I                 0 0lt0€

 Shon       901.2        0 9072                           0 s9t9
  Ton                                                                               Ib.-         1{4.800              {5t.6             1.4{5         tt.r7
                                                                                    Forcc


                                                                                                                                                                                                           {
EXAMPLE   OF   USE OF TABI,ES

   FoRcE-
                                                                                                                                                                                                           {
       l0 Ncw(ons lo lbs.- forcc,
       - l0 x 0.2148 lbs.-forcc.
        - 6.744 lbr.-forcc.                                                                                                                                                                                (

                                                                                                                                                                                                       {




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                                                                                                                                                                                               (
                                                                                                                                                                                                               I
                                                                                          ,TABLES
                                                                               COI.TVERSION
                                                                                                   VOLUME


                        Gtrc)          dmJ         cmj             vdl               fr]            lncbl      Grl (U.K.)   Orl (U.S.)        Bbl (u.K.)                 (u.s.) B b l( u . s . )
                                                                                                                                                                       Bbr                                       B b( u . s . )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    r
                                                                                                                               Llq                                       Pctrol               Liq                   Drv

     rytrc)                 I          |,0oo     t,0@,000        t.l0r                I
                                                                                   35.1             5t ,020      2:OO          26'{-7             6 . tt 0               6 290              8.186                  8.617


      dD)                q@t                      t.@          0mtlol             ool$l             6r{r         or&           o1611           os6il0                  o€619f,            o6llr/t                0to86r'l


       col              I x l0-o      o.ml                    l lot x 10-6 l . J l l x l 0 - 5     0.06t02     2.2Ox l0-.        x
                                                                                                                            2.6a2 l0-4 6 ' l l 0 x l 0 - 5            6 2 9 0 xl 0 - 6     ) 8 6x l 0 - 6         x
                                                                                                                                                                                                             E.617 l0-o



       vdJ               0.7646        tu.6      76,t,600                                           16.6@         t5t.2        202.0              1.612                   4.809              6 4t2                 661l


        frJ             0.01t12        It t2      2t,120       0.0!701                 I             t,72t        6.219         7.,tEI            o l7l0                 0.l7Et             0.2)75                 o.2449


      inchJ            l.5l9xl0-,     0.0| 6t9     t 6t 9     2.14x l0-5
                                                                  1                       l
                                                                                t . ? r ? Xo - .                 o00360,      0.001t29        l@lxl0-                 l 0lIxl0-.          . 1 7 1t l 0 -         '{l7r l0-.


    Grl (U.K.,          0-@1r45        a J46       4.516        0.005916           0.160,            717,i                       t.201            0.0277t                0 02t60            0 . 0 1 tI l           0 0t9tI


    Orl (U.5.)          0.@)rt,          7tt       l.7tt        om.9rl             oDtt             2 !t . 0     oD27                             0.02! | t              0.021r
                                                                                                                                                                              I             0.01t7J                0.01271
       Liq

    8 b r( u . K . ,     ot5Jt          |6J 7     | 6J,700       02tal              J.?60            9.9tt          J5           41.2!                                      1.029            l tTl                    4lJ



      (u.s.)
    Bbr                  0 . 1J 9 0     I 59.0    | 59,OOO       0.2q79             5 . 6 t5         9,702        v.97            17              o97r5                                        l.ll l
       Pclrgl


      (u.s.)
    Bbr
         Liq
                         ou'            I r9.2    | | 9,200      0.t5@              4.2t
                                                                                       I             1,217         26.21         3t . 5            0.?2t6                  0.75                   I                  l . 0 tI


    B b l( u . s .           |
                          0.1 t6       il J-6     | | 5.600       0 . t, | 2        { 084             r,057        23.U          t0.5,             0.7066                 01211              0 9699                     I
       D.v

         EXAMPLE OF USE OF TABLE                                                                                               Norrr-
              2.)oObrrrrl! (U,s. P.l.ol) into cubic Dctrcr                                                                          (l) Thc Burcl            (U.K.)    is not lcarlly dchncd rnd itt mrgnitudc
            - 2.loo x 0.1590mctrcJ
            - l6t'7 m3trc)                                                                                                                               a-r.
                                                                                                                                    rrr r r-i,iinJ'f.lboorr
                                                                                                                                    ( ! ) I O r l ( U . S . - L i c . ) - 0 t 5 9 1 g e l .( U . S . - D r y )




\

:




                                                                                                                                                                                                  _- -0_--_.-__----.              -
                                                                  COI\TVERSIONTABLES

                                                                                  DENSITY


                                         5p. Crevir'
                                                                                            rbr'/Yd!         'i,:ll:i                                                             tonr/Bbl
                                                                                                  |,J1lri, I          l'o',,,0'                                                 (U S. P.(rol)

                                                                                            t.6r6          \          r.i.6       \       toa:           r,      t:s:s

                                                               l.6l x l0-5
                                                                                                                                                              ? J t Jx l o _ ( r t o l , r o _ .
                                                                                                                                                                              I


                                                                                                                                                   -t_=.-.-t_-_
                                                                                                                                                                     '*, I .-
                                                       t60l    J.787 l0-.
                                                                    x
                                                                                                                     0.|]]7              0 t60J                0ct:05             0 001r07




    I b r . / s r l .( U . S . L r q )   olt98
                                                       OJ9JJ   f l{Jx l0-J
                                                                                                                   @49J1               o 00t9{6


                                                                                                                                         t.201
                                                                                                                                                   l      a a6a x I0-.         9:8lxl0-5




               (
       lbs.lszl. U.K.)                   0.v)918
                                                                                            168.2      |            o.8l2t

                                           I J29
                                                                                                                                                                     I            0 2079

            I onr/Bbl                      6 l9l
          U S. P€irol)                                 6.191     0 2]o9
                                                                                                                                         61 0J                   . 6 c9

E X A . M P L EO r U S 5 O r T A A L T
     JU (osfyd.J    into (i/mJ                                                               Nor-
     - l0 x tl29 rr nl.                                                                             (l) Fcr lhc purpo-k of rh;, _:rr:,
     - 1 9 8 7 0L c / m : .                                                                                                               thc convcrt;oo facrois
                                                                                                        t'"i,ltl;ffi::' .rr'|rt) r'( :i'o r')ek appr,cr)lc ro:
                                                                                                                    (6) gicmj.
                                                                                                               .                  tat.J
                                                                                             2) Dcare              A P.l.-----                   - tjt    5
                                                                                                                            Sp.       Creyrly




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                               :;.1.Tmil|


                                                                                  COI{VERSIONTABLES
                                                                                               HEAT. ENERGY, WO&X


                                  Btu               l c.l            Joulc        Thcrmi.          Tbgo            ft-lb.fos         elre-kl              LW-bt                bp-br            octrcl.brr          ql-prl
                                                 {Friroric)


              Brr                                 o'2510             l,0Jt      2lloxIO-.         I x l0-t             ttr.2            l0?.6         2.ttl x l0-{             x
                                                                                                                                                                           1.910 l0-a                0J,
                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.01               5.40.1


             kql                l 96t                                4.tt6         o.@ I        l 9 6 lx l 0 - ,      r,0t7              126.9                             o@t5J9
           (Friroric)                                                                                                                                 0.001l6l                                       r
                                                                                                                                                                                                  o0,r t6           2t.u

             Joulc           9 a 7 t x l 0 - { l ! 8 9x l 0 - r                 2.189 lo- 7 9 ,171 l0-t
                                                                                    x            x                   o?l?6            0.1020          2'ftl x l0-t             x
                                                                                                                                                                           l'725 l0-r            I x l0-t          0.@5122


            Tbcrmic               1.96t             r.0oo         .. I E6.0JO                     0 0i96t          1,0r7,000          126,9@                  r6!                1.559              1t . t 6        2I,4{0


            Tlq          I      t@.ffn            :J.:rn          tqt _Yn.0fn       :!5                I           n.raaAo          r\xA{no                3]t                  t*!o                r,$s           Sta"rtJ)

          ft.-lb-forcc         0.mt2tt         I l)l x l0-          I lt6       l 2)9x t0-t     l.:lJ x l0-l                         0 .I t t l       t . 7 6 6x t 0 - :   5 . O J lx l 0 - 7          6
                                                                                                                                                                                                1 . 1 5x l 0 - 5   o.00694,1


           mclrc-lt            0.@929J           0.@214J            9.t07       l.l4J x l0-c    9.29Jx10-l             7.21!                 I                 1
                                                                                                                                                      2 ' 7 2 ,x l 0 - o       x
                                                                                                                                                                           3.6J1 l0-6                x
                                                                                                                                                                                                9 807 l0-5         o.o502l


             Lw-hr                r.{&            l60 |            t.600.000      0.t60 I         0.011 2
                                                                                                      |            2,6JJ,0o0             |
                                                                                                                                      16?,00                   I                 l.l,r I              JO            I E,,140


             hp-ht                2,511           6 aI ' J        1.6E5.000           I.l
                                                                                  0.6,r           0.0:J11          I,980.000          2tJ.700           o.7451                      I               26.85           | 1.150


          mctrcJ-brr              9,r.78            2J 69          | 00.000       0.02JE9       9 1 7 1x l 0 - .     7J,1@             10,200           o027?t               0.0r?2t                                 <rt,t


            1 J.pri.            o tESl           0.0.56t            ro(.t       ,t.665 l0-t
                                                                                     x          l !Jl x l0-6            tu              r9.9t         t'42, x l0-              x
                                                                                                                                                                           7.271 l0-             0 00t9J2              I



                                                                                                                           Nor-
            EXAMPLE OF USE OF T^BLE                                                                                            (l) EFnl^Lry:
                50 hp.hrr. inro tcrlr.                                                                                                   To @nvcrl f.om lcrlrlt lo Bru/lbmulriDly y l.8OO.      b
                - t0 x Al.) lcrl!.
                - J2O6JLcrb.                                                                                                             To @nvcrt from 8ru/lb ro lql/lr                mutrielyby 0.Jjt6.
                                                                                                                                (2) | dmc -cm- | Grt - 0a001020 -c .                 tm
                                                                                                                                (l) lotctnrliond Stqm Trblc Crloric(crt,r)                       - ,t.1868 oulcrJ
                                                                                                                                                       20'Gloric (Crlro)                         - 4 18t6 Jouls
                                                                                                                                                        15'Crloric (Crlii)                       - a ltJ5 Joutc!
                                                                                                                                                         ,l'Crloric (Crlr)                       - 4 . 2 o , t iJ o u l c r
                                                                                                                                                 U.S. Burcru of StrndrrdrCrloric                 - l.l84O ,ouls
                                                                                                                                    T r b l c i r b r s c do n l 5 ' c r l o r i c .




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                                                                                     TABLES
                                                                         CO}IITERSION.
                                                                                                POWER


                                                                                                            Bru/t<
                                                                                                                            Btu/hr
                                                                                                                                                                                   i
                                                                                                                                                                                   I



                           K8   - m/3d
                                                                \\\' I r'o r'''"r I             hp (U.S.)

                                                                                                                                           4t 4 . 0
                                                                     l- o o t l l r             o0lll5
                                                                                                                             ll47

                                                              o ooe8o7
       K 8 -   m/tc(
                                                                         |                                                                                   i.087        rreo         i
                                                                                                                                          I €J . 2 0 0
                                                                                                 J.6l{
                                                                                                                                                                         --\                |
                                                               1186          5 692
          L c e I ,s c c    1 1 69                                                                                                                           ?ll 6        0 l!:l       \
                                                                                                                                           {4.250                                      I

                                           0 2189
                                                                                                                                                                         0:c9i


                                           0 r751
                                                                                                                                             I 1,000

                                           0l78l
          hp (U.s.)                                                                                                                           46.690


                                                                                                                                                              o ?162

                                                               29llxl0-'         I 96t x l0-'
                                o 02988
                                                i
                                           ? OOO l0-l
                                                                                                                                                             0 01651
                                                                                                             2 l{2x l0-5
                                           5 1 9 7x l 0 - 6
                                                               225Oxl0-5 IOl2xl0-)
                                o 002104                                                                                                                 i           '
                                                                0ootlJb      \    omttrr

                                                                                                                                l 2.000
                                                                                   4lr2          | Irto
                                 1 5 86

                                                                                                                 n"*,,'rl                              r hptu K \
                                                                                                                            \ ;;'i;rlil,'i"':'''5cnrro
                 '*So'8,3r!'^!'i5t3it,J.l'{'!r:lt*orRcr'is.
                    '                                                                                                   (l)lFritorrc"'^'"'

                                   ili'r*
                       I 3'ffi'1""i;i




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                                                                                                 CON'VDRSION'|ABLES

                                                                                                                R       TE OF    FLO\Y


                           Litrcs/rcc              mlTmin                 m l/'hr              ltrl5cc         tr J/min                              ydtlhr                g
                                                                                                                                                               I c : lq ) (m m s
                                                                                                                                    YdJlmir
                                                                                                                                                                   u /
                                                                                                                                                                                   I c.r (u.s.      B b l( u . s      B b l( u . s . )
                                                                                                                                                               I                   I   Ljd)/hr
    Litrcr/q                     I                   0.05                      ) 6           0.0lJl I             2 t19             0 078<8           ,4.709           I J'85             51 . 0      2 1U              5 4 14
     mJ/min                    t6.61                                           u)             0.5886                                  r.308           75.a8           2U.2              |5,8J0        l?7.{             9.05?
      m)/h,                 0.277&q.             0 0t667                                      o-009809        o 5686              0.02 80
                                                                                                                                      I             1.108           4.{01              264 2        6 289              l 5 l 0

      fr ilrd                 28.1
                                 1                  1.699                 0r9                                       60                               I tJ.l         448.8               26,910        6.{ 1.2          rJ.190
     t"'-'n                 0.47 9
                                I                0 02811                  r6ee
I                                                                 I
                                                                                             o 0t661                I              0 01704                            7 <8|             448 9         l0 69             2 5 65
F---------i
                                                 0 7646                   1567               0 45                                       l             @                                             -an


     yillhr                02t24                 0.0t274               0 ?6{6                0.m75             o.45                0'01667             I                               201 0         4.609              I I 5 4

 Orl (U.S.Liq)             0 06108              o 001785
      /m i n                                                                                 0.002228          0 ul?              0.00495
                                                                                                                                        |           0.197I              I                60          1.429             t4 t9
Cal (U.S. Liq)             0.00t0J
                                 I            6 1 0 8x l 0 - 5         0 001 78J          l ?ll x l0-J         o.002226
     /hr                                                                                                                        6-251 l0-5
                                                                                                                                    x              0.@49J I          0.0r667             I         0 0tlr I           0 J7t4

   Bol O-.S.               $14{16               ota:t*g                (r l:         l      o(er:(4
---------T-i
   Pcr(olrhr I
                                          I                      i-L                  I
                                                                                                              GC9 l:8             o00]-{6{         0.2079             0 7               12

   Bb(u.s. I 0 m r 8 4 0
     r                                          l04x l0-{             0 0065t4            6 4 9 6x l 0 - J
  P.(.ol)/drv
           I           I                                                                                     0 . 0 0 t6 9 9     1 4 1 4x l 0 - 1   0 008664        0 02917             l.?50       0 04157

   EX-\MPLE OF USE OF TABLL
         5 0 0 G a l l o n r ( U . S . L j A . ) / m , ni n r o m c r r ( l
       - 5m x 0227t mcrrcjlhi                                               hr
       - llJ.6 mcrrcJ/hr.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         L

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (

                                                                                                                                                                                                                   --,___a_,--. _        {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         I




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         C
                                                             NOTES ON COI.IYERSION TABLLS



                     It is esseutial usc a consistentsystemof units
                                            to                      iu calculations,
                                                                                   such as the lotcrnational
                S y s t e m f U n i t s ( ' S . 1 . 'U n i r s ) "
                          o

rt                      BasicS.I. Units                                                   DerivedS.I. Units
                           Length       :             Metres               m                  Forcc:NelvtonN(kgm/sr)
                            Mass               :      Kilogrammes g
                                                                 k                              Encrgy:               Joule          J     (Nm)
                            Tinre              :      Seconds              s                                                                    '
                                                                                                Power          :      Wart           W     (JA)

                Definitions
                    (o) The newtorl that force which when applied
                                   is                            to a massoi I kg give.s ao acceleration
                                                                                       it
                        of I m/s2.
    c
                    (b) The joule is the work done by a force of one newton
                                                                                                            in m o v i n g t s p o i n t o f a p p l i c a t i o o
                                                                                                                            i
                          a d i s t a n c e f o n e m c t r ei n t h e d i r c c t i o n f t h ef o r c e ,
                                          o                                             o                  i . c . onc newton mctreof work,
                    ( c ) T h e w a t t j s a r a t e o f w o r k i n ge q u a lt o o n ej o u l cp e r
                                                                                                         s c c .( t J A ) .

                Furt-ber
                       Derivstions
                                                                                                                     MuJtiplesof S.I. Units
                t   "    '
                                                                                                                             Pref x    Symbol
                    Dcnsity                         K i l o g r a m m e p e r c u b i cm e t r e
                                                                        s
                                                                                                                    l0e       Giga        c
                                                      (kclmr)                                                      106            Mega              M
                    P r e s srue                    Ncwtonsper metre2
                                                                    (N/mr)                                          l0r           Kilo              k
                                                    I bar lOsN/mz
                                                                                                                   102            hecto             h
                    Velocitl,                      Metrcs per second(m/s)
                                                                                                                   t0             deca             da
                .   . K i l o w a t th o u r        3 . 6x 1 0 5 o u l e s
                                                               J                                                   l0- t          deci              d
                    Kilocalorie                    4.1855 ilo Ioules kJ)
                                                        K           (                                              l0- 2          centi
                                                       or l.l6l Watthours
                                                                                                                   l0- r          milli
                                                   9 . 8 1m e t r e s e r s e c 2(.m / s 2 )
                                                                    p                                              l0-6
                    6
                                                                                                                                  mtcro            u
                    NB Kilocalorie:                heat necessary raise I kg
                                                                       to                                          l 0 -e         nano
                                                   t h r o u g hl ' k                                              ,0-r2          pico             p
                                                                                                                      -r5
                                                                                                                   l0             femto            f
a                                                                                                                  l0- rr         at.to
            Exampleof Applicatioo
                    Bernoulli's rinciple here
                              P        w    :
                       pressure I density x vclocity' a density x g
                                f                                   x head : constant
                       where:
                                  Prussure                          N/m,
                                  densiry                           kg/m,
                                 velocity                           m/s
                                 I                       -          9.81 /s2
                                                                        m
                                 head                               m




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